Comparative and International Research in Education

Globalisation, Context and Difference

Author: Michael Crossley,Keith Watson

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415191210

Category: Education

Page: 177

View: 1583

From the foreword: This book is a major contribution to the field of comparative and international education. It has been co-authored by two distinguished figures, who write with authority and clarity, and who present conceptual insights which add creative and intellectual vitality to the field at a time of major change and development. Changing geopolitical relations, the acceleration of globalisation and major advances in information and communication technology have all transformed and revitalised international and comparative research in education. This multidisciplinary book critically examines the implications of this change for those engaged in such work worldwide. Groundbreaking and insightful, it draws on the latest research and developments in the field to give a comprehensive overview and analysis of the contemporary condition of this valuable form of research. Drawing upon the authors' extensive international experience, the text: * Re-assesses the diverse and multidisciplinary origins of this field of study: * Documents the increased orientation towards research; * Explores the changing nature of the problems and issues faced by both new and experienced researchers; * Puts forward a coherent and well-informed case for a thorough reconceptualisation of the field as a whole. The book argues eloquently for increased cultural and contextual sensitivity in educational research and development in order that the field might make a more effective contribution to educational theory, policy and practice. This multidisciplinary work will be welcomed by a wide range of theorists and researchers in education and the social sciences, as well as teachers, policymakers and anyone concerned with improving dialogue and understanding across cultures and nations.

Introduction to Comparative and International Education

Author: Jennifer Marshall

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1473908779

Category: Education

Page: 240

View: 7182

Comparative and international education is an increasingly important area of study. This book introduces major themes surrounding globalisation and education, giving you a nuanced understanding of key debates, thinkers and sources of information. Important theories and research exploring how globalisation has influenced educational practice are critically examined, providing you with an understanding of relevant social, economic, historical and cultural factors. Coverage includes: Case studies from around the world raising thought-provoking questions on chapter topics How to undertake research using significant secondary sources of comparative international data (including OECD, PISA, TIMMS) The relationship between development, education and inequality The purpose and role of multicultural and citizenship education Gender and education in a global context This is essential reading for students on undergraduate Education Studies degrees, and for similar courses covering comparative and international education.

Education Studies

An Issue Based Approach

Author: Will Curtis,Stephen Ward,John Sharp,Les Hankin

Publisher: Learning Matters

ISBN: 1473904447

Category: Education

Page: 264

View: 9762

Education Studies continues to grow as a popular undergraduate area of study. This core text addresses themes common to all Education Studies courses. It benefits from a large list of chapters from key contributors at key institutions. This third edition has been completely revised and updated with the addition of seven new chapters. Themes newly explored include gender, research, the power of money and status and alternatives to schooling. This fully comprehensive text is accessibly written, with learning features throughout to encourage students to approach issues critically. Fully up-to-date and covering a huge range of themes for Education Studies students.

Education in the Commonwealth Caribbean and Netherlands Antilles

Author: Emel Thomas

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 1623564301

Category: Education

Page: 432

View: 9370

Education in the Commonwealth Caribbean and Netherlands Antilles provides a contemporary survey of education development and key educational issues in the region. The chapters cover: Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, the Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bermuda, the British Virgin Islands, the Cayman Islands, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Jamaica, the Netherlands Antilles (Aruba, Bonaire, Curacao, Saba, Saint Eustatius and Saint Maarteen), Montserrat, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Surinam, Trinidad and Tobago, and the Turks and Caicos Islands. The book includes discussions of the impact of local, regional and global occurrences, including social, political and geographical events, on education systems and schooling in the region. As a whole, the book provides a comprehensive reference resource for contemporary education policies in the Caribbean, and explores some of the problems these countries face during the process of development. It is an essential reference for researchers, scholars, international agencies and policy-makers at all levels.

English and Development

Policy, Pedagogy and Globalization

Author: Elizabeth J. Erling,Philip Seargeant

Publisher: Multilingual Matters

ISBN: 1847699480

Category: Education

Page: 296

View: 3212

This book investigates the relationship between English and personal and national development, as this is both discursively promoted (particularly through language policy) and practically realized in developing societies. It addresses the effects that the increased use of English and the promotion of English-language education are having in developmental contexts, and their impact on broader educational issues, on local language ecologies and on questions of cultural identity. It investigates these issues by drawing together a series of original examinations and case studies by a range of leading scholars working in this burgeoning field. The chapters focus on a variety of contexts from around the world, and the volume as a whole surveys and critiques the positioning and influence of English as a catalyst for development in the 21st century.

Education and Religion

Global Pressures, Local Responses

Author: Keith Watson,William I. Ozanne

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135753326

Category: Education

Page: 157

View: 7332

In most countries, whether secular or otherwise, education and religion are closely interlinked and no matter how hard the state tries, it can be very difficult to remove the ties between them. This book investigates the links between education, religion and politics. The dominant feature in creating a common culture between peoples, each of which has its own distinct heritage and practices, is religion. Globalisation is leading to a redefinition of the state, community and local identity, this latter often perceived as resistance against the forces of unity, whether through culture, economic activity or language. Recent world events have focused attention on the interplay between education, religion and politics like never before. Even more pertinent is the fact that the involvement of politics in decisions about religion and education is often central and impossible to disentangle. Education and Religion covers all the major religious traditions – Buddhist, Christian, Jewish, Hindu, Muslim, Sikh – and cites global examples throughout the world. It aims to understand the underlying complexities in the struggle to reconcile education, religion and politics in an informative and sensitive way. This book was originally published as a special issue of Comparative Education.

School Effectiveness and Improvement Research, Policy and Practice

Challenging the Orthodoxy?

Author: Christopher Chapman,Paul Armstrong,Alma Harris,Daniel Muijs,David Reynolds,Pam Sammons

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136487468

Category: Education

Page: 312

View: 7318

This book provides a contemporary overview of school effectiveness and improvement. It charts the development theory and research in this area and looks at the contribution made to policy and practice. It also challenges some assumptions that have become ingrained into the theoretical and methodological traditions of the field. By challenging these orthodoxies, it provides a framework that sets a new agenda and repositions the field to meet the emerging challenges of the twenty-first century. It argues that traditional measures of school effectiveness are challenged as systems have attempted to adapt to a complex range of emerging agendas. New theoretical perspectives are required which consider 'education' and a 'broader set of outcomes'. This shift requires a rethink of how effectiveness and improvement have been understood by the field, and a reconstruction by policy makers and practitioners. Attention must be given to promoting equity as well as effectiveness so that one school or student's gain no longer means another's loss. The field must develop new methodologies if inequities are to be challenged and a broader set of outcome measures are to be developed. The two questions guiding this book are: How can educational effectiveness and improvement research and practice support the development of a more equitable education service? What are the key indicators of educational effectiveness and improvement and what are the new methodologies required to facilitate a shift from 'school' effectiveness and improvement to 'educational' effectiveness and improvement? This book uses lenses of research, policy and practice to explore these key questions and articulate what such a repositioning may look like and how it may be achieved. It will prove invaluable for teachers, school leaders and anyone involved in policy and educational research.

Challenges to Teacher Education in Difficult Economic Times

International perspectives

Author: Joan Stephenson,Lorraine Ling

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135101442

Category: Education

Page: 264

View: 8266

Teacher education in a financial crisis – what are the consequences and how can probity be maintained? Education, like most other parts of everyday life, is experiencing the challenges brought about by global financial constrictions. This book presents the experiences and views of practising teacher educators from multiple countries and continents on how the melt-down in world economics has affected and will continue to affect teacher education and concomitant experiences in schooling. The ramifications are seen to extend into every aspect of teacher preparation, continuing staff development and teacher support, and there are significant implications for the quality of teaching and learning, and the ethos and standing of the process of education as a whole. Drawing on educational theory and social, political, and economic discourses, the book addresses issues such as policy, philosophy, organisation, funding, resources, modes of teaching and learning, curricular change, recruitment and retention, amongst others, and provides a snap-shot across diverse contexts. It aims to provide an evaluative, analytical but reflective picture of teacher education in the light of the world economic crisis, whilst exploring good practice and suggesting future strategies to develop the quality of teacher education and professional support, teaching and learning. The volume provides an insight into the need for a new paradigm for teacher education: one that involves teacher educators in devising a discourse of positive and radical change. It will be a valuable resource for teacher educators, educational leaders, policy makers, educational commentators and teachers seeking to engage with the scholarship of teaching as a means to engage in continuous professional development.

Culture and Gender in Leadership

Perspectives from the Middle East and Asia

Author: J. Rajasekar,L. Beh

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137311576

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 329

View: 8324

The overall aim of this volume is to present the research studies carried out in the Middle East and Asia in the fields of culture and gender and their influence on leadership in particular. The cultures and practices of these geographical regions are very much varied and this book, Culture and Gender in Leadership: Perspectives from the Middle East and Asia, brings together analyses of these themes in selected countries of these two regions. The chapter authors use detailed descriptions, case studies and vignettes to speak to the cultural relativism and gender in leadership in these countries and provide a unique and comparative perspective drawn from their own cultures. This volume also contributes to the development of theory and empirical research found in these regions and through the collective efforts presented in this book, attempts to strengthen the body of knowledge and practice in the fields of culture and gender in leadership. As Asia is becoming the engine of economic growth for the world and Arab Spring is opening up new vistas in the Middle East, this book is a must read.

Environmental Anthropology

Future Directions

Author: Helen Kopnina,Eleanor Shoreman-Ouimet

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135044120

Category: Social Science

Page: 328

View: 7215

This volume presents new theoretical approaches, methodologies, subject pools, and topics in the field of environmental anthropology. Environmental anthropologists are increasingly focusing on self-reflection - not just on themselves and their impacts on environmental research, but also on the reflexive qualities of their subjects, and the extent to which these individuals are questioning their own environmental behavior. Here, contributors confront the very notion of "natural resources" in granting non-human species their subjectivity and arguing for deeper understanding of "nature," and "wilderness" beyond the label of "ecosystem services." By engaging in interdisciplinary efforts, these anthropologists present new ways for their colleagues, subjects, peers and communities to understand the causes of, and alternatives to environmental destruction. This book demonstrates that environmental anthropology has moved beyond the construction of rural, small group theory, entering into a mode of solution-based methodologies and interdisciplinary theories for understanding human-environmental interactions. It is focused on post-rural existence, health and environmental risk assessment, on the realm of alternative actions, and emphasizes the necessary steps towards preventing environmental crisis.

Globalization

Educational Research, Change and Reform

Author: Nicholas Sun-keung Pang

Publisher: Chinese University Press

ISBN: 9789629962685

Category: Education

Page: 312

View: 9359

Bringing together a group of international authors, this book attempts to examine the effects of globalization on educational policies and practices under the following themes: (1) the roles of educational research in the era of globalization and how comparative education can contribute to such investigation; (2) the relationships between the development of higher education and globalization in different countries; and (3) the impacts of globalization on school education and how schools can respond to the challenges ahead.

Languages and education in Africa

a comparative and transdisciplinary analysis

Author: Birgit Brock-Utne,Ingse Skattum

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Education

Page: 356

View: 3345

Narrative Research on Learning

comparative and international perspectives

Author: Sheila Trahar

Publisher: Symposium Books Ltd

ISBN: 1873927606

Category: Education

Page: 280

View: 8763

This book examines narrative research from a range of different perspectives. It discusses international and comparative experiences of doing narrative research on learning, paying particular attention to the cultural contexts within which the research is conducted. The ways in which narrative research can address some of the methodological and epistemological issues faced in conducting insightful and systematic research across cultures are also included. The book’s approach is essentially an integrated one, exploring narrative as methodology in both theoretical and practical terms. It also emphasises the ethical issues that need to be considered by researchers engaged in this form of enquiry, particularly where cultural and religious contexts have a significant impact on research. The first section of the book considers different perspectives on narrative as methodology, including its value in particular cultural contexts. The second section provides readers with international and comparative perspectives on the practical application of narrative methodology in a wide range of arenas worldwide. This combination of methodological issues with practical examples provides opportunities to examine how narrative as a methodology is applied in a range of ‘real world’ situations. This original and imaginative volume bridges the professional and intellectual cultures and traditions of comparative and international education with those of counselling to show the rich benefits of such cross-fertilisation. It will be of interest to researchers in education and across the social sciences as well as those involved in teaching research methodology and those concerned with the complex ethical issues inherent in cross-cultural research.

Educational Restructuring in the Context of Globalization and National Policy

Author: Holger Daun

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780815339410

Category: Education

Page: 335

View: 2341

While white racism has global dimensions, it has an unshakeable lease on life in South African political organizations and its educational system. Donnarae MacCann and Yulisa Maddy here provide a thorough and provocative analysis of South African children's literature during the key decade around Nelson Mandela's release from prison. Their research demonstrates that the literature of this period was derived from the same milieu -- intellectual, educational, religious, political, and economic -- that brought white supremacy to South Africa during colonial times. This volume is a signal contribution to the study of children's literature and its relation to racism and social conditions.

Education in Australia, New Zealand and the Pacific

Author: Michael Crossley,Greg Hancock,Terra Sprague

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1472503570

Category: Education

Page: 400

View: 9341

This book provides an up-to-date and well-grounded analysis of education in Australia, New Zealand and the Pacific, including Cook Islands, Federated States of Micronesia, Fiji, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Tuvalu, and Vanuatu. Leading writers from throughout this region identify contemporary educational challenges, issues, and priorities while drawing upon their own ongoing empirical research. Key themes include the impact of international trends and developments; educational reform and the quality of education; indigenous learning; inclusivity; aid and development co-operation; and the changing role and place of tertiary education. Detailed studies of specific educational systems and developments are considered in the light of broader analyses that run throughout the volume.

Globalisation, Educational Transformation and Societies in Transition

Author: Teame Mebrahtu,Michael Crossley,David Johnson

Publisher: Symposium Books Ltd

ISBN: N.A

Category: Education

Page: 233

View: 7199

Whilst globalisation is influencing societies worldwide, communities are also forcefully celebrating their cultural differences. These studies look at post-colonial societies that have undergone rapid political, economic and social change, and their efforts to transform educational policy abd practice. This book contains reports on original field research, theoretically informed analyses, political perspectives and recent professional and practical experience. Specific national contexts considered include the European states of Estonia, Poland

An Introduction to the Study of Education

Author: David Matheson

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780415453653

Category: Education

Page: 380

View: 1333

This core textbook introduces the reader to the study of education itself. It invites the reader to question what education is, what it is for and who it is for. It challenges the assumption that education equals school and takes the reader on a trip from the cradle to old age.

Changing Educational Contexts, Issues and Identities

40 Years of Comparative Education

Author: Michael Crossley,Patricia Broadfoot,Michele Schweisfurth

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134124635

Category: Education

Page: 432

View: 656

Documenting major intellectual and paradigmatic changes in the field of comparative education in the light of the history and development of the journal Comparative Education, this book compiles a selection of articles from forty years of the journal’s distinguished history. It illustrates how changing times have been reflected in the nature and quality of published comparative research. Contributors explore the impact of key issues such as marketisation, accountability and globalisation upon policy and practice world-wide. They explore how new challenges faced by the social sciences have seen shifts in the contexts, issues and priorities attended to by comparatives and how different approaches to comparative education have influenced the intellectual and professional identities and positioning of those involved. Bridging theoretically oriented scholarship with empirically grounded research relating to issues of policy and practice and with chapters addressing questions of relevance throughout the world, this book is an invaluable resource of ideas and stimuli for further thinking and research.