Comparative and International Research in Education

Globalisation, Context and Difference

Author: Michael Crossley,Keith Watson

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415191210

Category: Education

Page: 177

View: 5527

From the foreword: This book is a major contribution to the field of comparative and international education. It has been co-authored by two distinguished figures, who write with authority and clarity, and who present conceptual insights which add creative and intellectual vitality to the field at a time of major change and development. Changing geopolitical relations, the acceleration of globalisation and major advances in information and communication technology have all transformed and revitalised international and comparative research in education. This multidisciplinary book critically examines the implications of this change for those engaged in such work worldwide. Groundbreaking and insightful, it draws on the latest research and developments in the field to give a comprehensive overview and analysis of the contemporary condition of this valuable form of research. Drawing upon the authors' extensive international experience, the text: * Re-assesses the diverse and multidisciplinary origins of this field of study: * Documents the increased orientation towards research; * Explores the changing nature of the problems and issues faced by both new and experienced researchers; * Puts forward a coherent and well-informed case for a thorough reconceptualisation of the field as a whole. The book argues eloquently for increased cultural and contextual sensitivity in educational research and development in order that the field might make a more effective contribution to educational theory, policy and practice. This multidisciplinary work will be welcomed by a wide range of theorists and researchers in education and the social sciences, as well as teachers, policymakers and anyone concerned with improving dialogue and understanding across cultures and nations.

Introduction to Comparative and International Education

Author: Jennifer Marshall

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1473908779

Category: Education

Page: 240

View: 2332

Comparative and international education is an increasingly important area of study. This book introduces major themes surrounding globalisation and education, giving you a nuanced understanding of key debates, thinkers and sources of information. Important theories and research exploring how globalisation has influenced educational practice are critically examined, providing you with an understanding of relevant social, economic, historical and cultural factors. Coverage includes: Case studies from around the world raising thought-provoking questions on chapter topics How to undertake research using significant secondary sources of comparative international data (including OECD, PISA, TIMMS) The relationship between development, education and inequality The purpose and role of multicultural and citizenship education Gender and education in a global context This is essential reading for students on undergraduate Education Studies degrees, and for similar courses covering comparative and international education.

Handbook on International Studies in Education

Author: Donald K. Sharpes

Publisher: IAP

ISBN: 160752385X

Category: Education

Page: 307

View: 1921

This Handbook provides windows into worldwide research endeavors, including countries not usually widely known in international education studies. The goal of this compendium is to foster the understanding of research and education from different national and cultural perspectives, and to support the exchange of ideas and people who conduct research and development activities. From these varied individual and collaborative research projects we can infer directions for our own research agenda and for policy development. The resulting chapters represent a respectable crosssection of international research efforts. The total is representative of the variety of research techniques. Additionally, there are more women than men contributors, with sufficient representation from Muslim, Asian and developing country contributors. These seventeen chapters are an indication of what is occurring in the global educational marketplace. They represent a sound and current balance of international studies in education that can be used as models for development elsewhere. Reading them can motivate researchers everywhere to maintain a high level of scholarship that will benefit international and comparative studies and the academic profession.

Education in the Commonwealth Caribbean and Netherlands Antilles

Author: Emel Thomas

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 1623564301

Category: Education

Page: 432

View: 1337

Education in the Commonwealth Caribbean and Netherlands Antilles provides a contemporary survey of education development and key educational issues in the region. The chapters cover: Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, the Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bermuda, the British Virgin Islands, the Cayman Islands, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Jamaica, the Netherlands Antilles (Aruba, Bonaire, Curacao, Saba, Saint Eustatius and Saint Maarteen), Montserrat, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Surinam, Trinidad and Tobago, and the Turks and Caicos Islands. The book includes discussions of the impact of local, regional and global occurrences, including social, political and geographical events, on education systems and schooling in the region. As a whole, the book provides a comprehensive reference resource for contemporary education policies in the Caribbean, and explores some of the problems these countries face during the process of development. It is an essential reference for researchers, scholars, international agencies and policy-makers at all levels.

The Transnationally Partnered University

Insights from Research and Sustainable Development Collaborations in Africa

Author: P. Koehn,M. Obamba

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137481757

Category: Education

Page: 273

View: 7147

Analyzing the growing importance of the transnational higher education landscape and the role of African universities, Koehn and Obamba show how transnational partnerships among universities can inform policy, strengthen synergies between knowledge producers and knowledge users, and advance sustainable-development practice.

Education Studies

An Issue Based Approach

Author: Will Curtis,Stephen Ward,John Sharp,Les Hankin

Publisher: Learning Matters

ISBN: 1473904447

Category: Education

Page: 264

View: 1441

Education Studies continues to grow as a popular undergraduate area of study. This core text addresses themes common to all Education Studies courses. It benefits from a large list of chapters from key contributors at key institutions. This third edition has been completely revised and updated with the addition of seven new chapters. Themes newly explored include gender, research, the power of money and status and alternatives to schooling. This fully comprehensive text is accessibly written, with learning features throughout to encourage students to approach issues critically. Fully up-to-date and covering a huge range of themes for Education Studies students.

Globalization and Change in Higher Education

The Political Economy of Policy Reform in Europe

Author: Beverly Barrett

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319523686

Category: Education

Page: 323

View: 7363

This book sets out political economy explanations for higher education policy reform in Europe in the initial decades of the 21st century. With a sustained focus on the national level of policy implementation, institutional change is considered in relationship to broader trends in economic development and globalization. Since the concept of a “Europe of Knowledge” was presented by the European Commission in 1997, the pursuit of global competitiveness sets the context for the international initiative of the Bologna Process that has created the European Higher Education Area (EHEA). Growing from 29 to 48 participating countries, there are three core explanations for change in the policy process: globalization (economic), intergovernmentalism (political), and Europeanization (social). As part of multi-method research analysis, this book presents qualitative case studies on Portugal and Spain to consider points of comparison, including national governance history and modernization of higher education institutions. The structure of government in these countries affects the policy reforms. Ultimately, the Bologna Process serves as a model for integration of higher education reform in other world regions. This book is essential reading for students, researchers, and policy makers in the fields of education, economics, and public policy.

Education and Religion

Global Pressures, Local Responses

Author: Keith Watson,William I. Ozanne

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135753326

Category: Education

Page: 157

View: 6794

In most countries, whether secular or otherwise, education and religion are closely interlinked and no matter how hard the state tries, it can be very difficult to remove the ties between them. This book investigates the links between education, religion and politics. The dominant feature in creating a common culture between peoples, each of which has its own distinct heritage and practices, is religion. Globalisation is leading to a redefinition of the state, community and local identity, this latter often perceived as resistance against the forces of unity, whether through culture, economic activity or language. Recent world events have focused attention on the interplay between education, religion and politics like never before. Even more pertinent is the fact that the involvement of politics in decisions about religion and education is often central and impossible to disentangle. Education and Religion covers all the major religious traditions – Buddhist, Christian, Jewish, Hindu, Muslim, Sikh – and cites global examples throughout the world. It aims to understand the underlying complexities in the struggle to reconcile education, religion and politics in an informative and sensitive way. This book was originally published as a special issue of Comparative Education.

School Effectiveness and Improvement Research, Policy and Practice

Challenging the Orthodoxy?

Author: Christopher Chapman,Paul Armstrong,Alma Harris,Daniel Muijs,David Reynolds,Pam Sammons

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136487468

Category: Education

Page: 312

View: 2681

This book provides a contemporary overview of school effectiveness and improvement. It charts the development theory and research in this area and looks at the contribution made to policy and practice. It also challenges some assumptions that have become ingrained into the theoretical and methodological traditions of the field. By challenging these orthodoxies, it provides a framework that sets a new agenda and repositions the field to meet the emerging challenges of the twenty-first century. It argues that traditional measures of school effectiveness are challenged as systems have attempted to adapt to a complex range of emerging agendas. New theoretical perspectives are required which consider 'education' and a 'broader set of outcomes'. This shift requires a rethink of how effectiveness and improvement have been understood by the field, and a reconstruction by policy makers and practitioners. Attention must be given to promoting equity as well as effectiveness so that one school or student's gain no longer means another's loss. The field must develop new methodologies if inequities are to be challenged and a broader set of outcome measures are to be developed. The two questions guiding this book are: How can educational effectiveness and improvement research and practice support the development of a more equitable education service? What are the key indicators of educational effectiveness and improvement and what are the new methodologies required to facilitate a shift from 'school' effectiveness and improvement to 'educational' effectiveness and improvement? This book uses lenses of research, policy and practice to explore these key questions and articulate what such a repositioning may look like and how it may be achieved. It will prove invaluable for teachers, school leaders and anyone involved in policy and educational research.

Introduction to Comparative and International Education

Author: Jennifer Marshall

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1473908779

Category: Education

Page: 240

View: 6071

Comparative and international education is an increasingly important area of study. This book introduces major themes surrounding globalisation and education, giving you a nuanced understanding of key debates, thinkers and sources of information. Important theories and research exploring how globalisation has influenced educational practice are critically examined, providing you with an understanding of relevant social, economic, historical and cultural factors. Coverage includes: Case studies from around the world raising thought-provoking questions on chapter topics How to undertake research using significant secondary sources of comparative international data (including OECD, PISA, TIMMS) The relationship between development, education and inequality The purpose and role of multicultural and citizenship education Gender and education in a global context This is essential reading for students on undergraduate Education Studies degrees, and for similar courses covering comparative and international education.

Challenges to Teacher Education in Difficult Economic Times

International perspectives

Author: Joan Stephenson,Lorraine Ling

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135101442

Category: Education

Page: 264

View: 2069

Teacher education in a financial crisis – what are the consequences and how can probity be maintained? Education, like most other parts of everyday life, is experiencing the challenges brought about by global financial constrictions. This book presents the experiences and views of practising teacher educators from multiple countries and continents on how the melt-down in world economics has affected and will continue to affect teacher education and concomitant experiences in schooling. The ramifications are seen to extend into every aspect of teacher preparation, continuing staff development and teacher support, and there are significant implications for the quality of teaching and learning, and the ethos and standing of the process of education as a whole. Drawing on educational theory and social, political, and economic discourses, the book addresses issues such as policy, philosophy, organisation, funding, resources, modes of teaching and learning, curricular change, recruitment and retention, amongst others, and provides a snap-shot across diverse contexts. It aims to provide an evaluative, analytical but reflective picture of teacher education in the light of the world economic crisis, whilst exploring good practice and suggesting future strategies to develop the quality of teacher education and professional support, teaching and learning. The volume provides an insight into the need for a new paradigm for teacher education: one that involves teacher educators in devising a discourse of positive and radical change. It will be a valuable resource for teacher educators, educational leaders, policy makers, educational commentators and teachers seeking to engage with the scholarship of teaching as a means to engage in continuous professional development.

Environmental Anthropology

Future Directions

Author: Helen Kopnina,Eleanor Shoreman-Ouimet

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135044120

Category: Social Science

Page: 328

View: 9845

This volume presents new theoretical approaches, methodologies, subject pools, and topics in the field of environmental anthropology. Environmental anthropologists are increasingly focusing on self-reflection - not just on themselves and their impacts on environmental research, but also on the reflexive qualities of their subjects, and the extent to which these individuals are questioning their own environmental behavior. Here, contributors confront the very notion of "natural resources" in granting non-human species their subjectivity and arguing for deeper understanding of "nature," and "wilderness" beyond the label of "ecosystem services." By engaging in interdisciplinary efforts, these anthropologists present new ways for their colleagues, subjects, peers and communities to understand the causes of, and alternatives to environmental destruction. This book demonstrates that environmental anthropology has moved beyond the construction of rural, small group theory, entering into a mode of solution-based methodologies and interdisciplinary theories for understanding human-environmental interactions. It is focused on post-rural existence, health and environmental risk assessment, on the realm of alternative actions, and emphasizes the necessary steps towards preventing environmental crisis.

Globalization

Educational Research, Change and Reform

Author: Nicholas Sun-keung Pang

Publisher: Chinese University Press

ISBN: 9789629962685

Category: Education

Page: 312

View: 3612

Bringing together a group of international authors, this book attempts to examine the effects of globalization on educational policies and practices under the following themes: (1) the roles of educational research in the era of globalization and how comparative education can contribute to such investigation; (2) the relationships between the development of higher education and globalization in different countries; and (3) the impacts of globalization on school education and how schools can respond to the challenges ahead.

English and Development

Policy, Pedagogy and Globalization

Author: Elizabeth J. Erling,Philip Seargeant

Publisher: Multilingual Matters

ISBN: 1847699480

Category: Education

Page: 296

View: 2424

This book investigates the relationship between English and personal and national development, as this is both discursively promoted (particularly through language policy) and practically realized in developing societies. It addresses the effects that the increased use of English and the promotion of English-language education are having in developmental contexts, and their impact on broader educational issues, on local language ecologies and on questions of cultural identity. It investigates these issues by drawing together a series of original examinations and case studies by a range of leading scholars working in this burgeoning field. The chapters focus on a variety of contexts from around the world, and the volume as a whole surveys and critiques the positioning and influence of English as a catalyst for development in the 21st century.

Globalization and Japanese "Exceptionalism" in Education

Insiders' Views into a Changing System

Author: Ryoko Tsuneyoshi

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317426614

Category: Education

Page: 216

View: 3763

Globalization is the most common overriding characteristic of our time, with societies all over the world struggling to change their educational systems to meet what are perceived to be the needs of globalization. This book provides an insider's account of how the Japanese educational system is trying to meet that challenge while placing the developments in a larger international context. Distinguishing itself from other books in the same genre, this volume (1) brings in the diversity of insiders‘ reactions concerning globalization reform in education, while placing such actions in the larger international context, and (2) covers a wide span of education (elementary to higher education) and shows how the globalization reforms as a whole are affecting Japanese education. With a focus on insiders’ accounts, this book brings in information that is little known outside of Japan. It also links globalization processes in Japanese society, school education and higher education, accounting for similarities and differences across educational levels, providing insight into the multifaceted processes affecting the Japanese education system. Chapters include: From High School Abroad to College in Japan: The Difficulties of the Japanese Returnee Experience The University of Tokyo PEAK Program: Venues into the Challenges Faced by Japanese Universities Why Does Cultural Diversity Matter? Korean Higher Education in Comparative Perspective

Comparative and International Education

Issues for Teachers, Second Edition

Author: Kathy Bickmore,Ruth Hayhoe,Caroline Manion,Karen Mundy,Robyn Read

Publisher: Canadian Scholars’ Press

ISBN: 1551309513

Category: Education

Page: 436

View: 7410

In our increasingly globalized world, it is vital to explore major issues in education today through an international and intercultural lens. Thoroughly updated and expanded, this comprehensive new edition introduces students to research in comparative and international education while providing an overview of educational practices in diverse settings. Contributors draw on comparative research from the Americas, Australia, Africa, Asia, Europe, and the Middle East, and engage with such themes as the history and philosophy of comparative education, the right to education, alternative pedagogies, gender, Indigenous knowledge, peacebuilding, international assessments, and global citizenship. The updates to this edition include new chapters on human rights education and the internationalization of schooling, and a greater focus on issues of diversity and social justice education. Designed as a resource for teacher education programs, each chapter highlights the significance and the implications of the particular topic for teachers. Comparative and International Education features a vivid portrayal of global educational practices, contributions from preeminent scholars from around the world, and invaluable teaching tools, including discussion questions, video suggestions, and further readings. This essential collection will be an indispensable resource for teachers, teachers-in-training, and students of comparative and international education.

Comparative Education

The Dialectic of the Global and the Local

Author: Robert F. Arnove,Carlos Alberto Torres,Stephen Franz

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers

ISBN: 1442217774

Category: Education

Page: 472

View: 5475

Comparative Education: The Dialectic of the Global and the Local remains the same groundbreaking book when it first debuted its collection of outstanding scholars in examining the changing transnational landscape of education. With the addition of new coeditor Stephen Franz, the book provides new perspectives on the dynamic interplay of global, national, and local forces as they shape the functions and outcomes of education systems. The book calls for a rethinking of the nation-state as the basic unit for analyzing school-society relations and emphasizes the need to study social movements in relation to educational reforms. It also emphasizes the value of feminist, postcolonial, and culturally sensitive perspectives for inquiry into the potential of education systems to contribute to individual development and social change. This new edition incorporates recent developments in scholarship, especially in education policy and practice, the impact of the global economic crisis, and a new chapter on education in the European Union.

Educational Restructuring in the Context of Globalization and National Policy

Author: Holger Daun

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780815339410

Category: Education

Page: 335

View: 7648

While white racism has global dimensions, it has an unshakeable lease on life in South African political organizations and its educational system. Donnarae MacCann and Yulisa Maddy here provide a thorough and provocative analysis of South African children's literature during the key decade around Nelson Mandela's release from prison. Their research demonstrates that the literature of this period was derived from the same milieu -- intellectual, educational, religious, political, and economic -- that brought white supremacy to South Africa during colonial times. This volume is a signal contribution to the study of children's literature and its relation to racism and social conditions.

Comparative and Global Pedagogies

Equity, Access and Democracy in Education

Author: Joseph Zajda,Lynn Davies,Suzanne Majhanovich

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402083491

Category: Education

Page: 232

View: 8939

A major aim of Comparative and Global Pedagogies: Equity, Access and Democracy in Education which is the second volume in the 12-volume book series Globalisation, Comparative Education and Policy Research, edited by Joseph Zajda and his team, is to present a global overview of recent trends in equity and access in education globally. By examining some of the major education policy issues, particularly in the light of recent shifts in education and policy research dealing with equity and access, the editors aim to provide a comprehensive picture of the intersecting and diverse discourses of globalization, education and policy-driven reforms. The impact of globalization on education policy and reforms is a strategically important issue for us all. More than ever before, there is a need to understand and analyse both the intended and the unintended effects of globalization on edu- tional systems, the state, and relevant policy changes – especially in terms of equity and access, as they affect individuals, educational bodies (such as universities), policy-makers across the globe. Current education policy research dealing with equity and social inequality reflects a rapidly changing world where citizens and consumers are experiencing a growing sense of uncertainty, exclusion and loss of flexibility. Yet globalization exposes us also to opportunities generated by a fast changing world economy.

Globalization and Educational Rights

An Intercivilizational Analysis

Author: Joel Spring

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135646880

Category: Education

Page: 200

View: 3233

This is the first book to explore the meaning of equality and freedom of education in a global context and their relationship to the universal right to education. It also proposes evaluating school systems according to their achievement of equality and freedom. Education in the 21st century is widely viewed as a necessary condition for the promotion of human welfare, and thus identified as a basic human right. Educational rights are included in many national constitutions written since the global spread of human rights ideas after World War II. But as a global idea, the meaning of educational rights varies between civilizations. In this book, which builds on the concept of the universal right to education set forth in Spring's The Universal Right to Education: Justification, Definition, and Guidelines, his intercivilizational analysis of educational rights focuses on four of the world's major civilizations: Confucian, Islamic, Western, and Hindu. Spring begins by considering educational rights as part of the global flow of ideas and the global culture of schooling. He also considers the tension this generates within different civilizational traditions. Next, he proceeds to: *examine the meaning of educational rights in the Confucian tradition, in the recent history of China, and in the Chinese Constitution; *look at educational rights in the context of Islamic civilization and as presented in the constitutions of Islamic countries, including an analysis of the sharp contrast between the religious orientation of Islamic educational rights and those of China and the West; *explore the problems created by the Western natural rights tradition and the eventual acceptance of educational rights as represented in European constitutions, with a focus on the development and prominence given in the West to the relationship between schooling and equality of opportunity; and, *investigate the effect of global culture on India and the blend of Western and Hindu ideas in the Indian constitution, highlighting the obstacles to fulfillment of educational rights created by centuries of discrimination against women and lower castes. In his conclusion, Spring presents an educational rights statement based on his intercivilizational analysis and his examination of national constitutions. This statement is intended to serve as a model for the inclusion of educational rights in national constitutions.