Comparative Psychology

Evolution and Development of Behavior, 2nd Edition

Author: Mauricio R. Papini

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 113687318X

Category: Psychology

Page: 800

View: 7196

Comparative Psychology (second edition) is a core textbook for senior undergraduate and graduate courses in Comparative Psychology, Animal Behavior, and Evolutionary Psychology. Its main goal is to introduce the student to evolutionary and developmental approaches to the study of animal behavior. The structure of the book reflects the principal areas of importance to psychology students studying animal behavior: evolution, physiological issues, learning and cognition, development, and social evolution. Throughout, this text includes many examples drawn from the study of human behavior, highlighting general and basic principles that apply broadly to the animal kingdom.

Comparative Psychology

A Handbook

Author: Gary Greenberg,Maury M. Haraway

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136794506

Category: Education

Page: 930

View: 7762

First published in 1998. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Principles Of Comparative Psychology

Author: Nicky Hayes

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 1317758749

Category: Psychology

Page: 257

View: 9440

This textbook covers aspects of animal behaviour featured in both A-Level Psychology and Social Biology courses. It includes accounts and discussions of imprinting, maternal behaviour, courtship and territoriality, social organization, and animal communication. Throughout the book the principle of behavioural diversity is built upon to show the complexities of animal behaviour and its relationship with the social and physical environment. The issues and perspectives arising from evolutionary theory are explored, and the need to utilize multiple levels of analysis in the understanding of animal and human behaviour is emphasized.

Comparative Psychology of Invertebrates

The Field and Laboratory Study of Insect Behavior

Author: Gary Greenberg,Ethel Tobach

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 1135604940

Category: Psychology

Page: 304

View: 9073

First Published in 1997. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Comparative Psychology in the Twentieth Century

Author: Donald A. Dewsbury

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780879331085

Category: Psychologie comparée

Page: 413

View: 3657

"We are in a age when it is fashionable to trace one's roots. Although I have resisted the temptation to trace my genetic roots, the temptation to track my intellectual roots has proven irresistible. In reading accounts of the comparative psychologists that preceded my generation, I have been struck with their foresight and accomplishments. However, both the image and history of comparative psychology are generally perceived as poor. In this book I attempt to trace a consistent thread through the development of comparative psychology. By so doing, I hope to alter current perceptions of comparative psychology and thereby influence its future course. The goals of this book are best described as a cross between recording history and advocacy. I hope to escape some criticism by making my objectives and biases explicit. The audience toward which the book is directed consists of professionals and graduate students in comparative psychology and related disciplines. I hope to provide a fairly comprehensive overview of the history of comparative psychology as I perceive it. The book may therefore be useful in graduate seminars concerned with such history"--Pref. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2005 APA, all rights reserved).

Animal Cognition

An Introduction to Modern Comparative Psychology

Author: Jacques Vauclair

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674037038

Category: Nature

Page: 206

View: 4509

"Animal Cognition" presents a lucid and comprehensive overview of cognitive processes in animals--bees and wasps, cats and dogs, dolphins and sea otters, pigeons, titmice, and chimpanzees--and offers a novel discussion of the ways in which Piagetian concepts may be used to develop models for the study of animal cognition.

Behavior; an Introduction to Comparative Psychology

Author: John Broadus Watson

Publisher: Theclassics.Us

ISBN: 9781230258454


Page: 148

View: 5024

This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1914 edition. Excerpt: ...and tested whether the animal would have responded as readily to a white light as to the green. Instead, however, we began experiments upon two other rats, using stimuli both of which lay in the sensory range of the animal, viz., yellow, 595;U;u, and blue, 478/. In this case No. I responded positively to blue and No. II, positively to yellow. One interesting fact was brought out very clearly: when both stimuli were in the field the animal failed to form the habit within the time limits of the test. In order to hasten the growth of the habit only one stimulus (the positive in each case) was used. As might have been predicted from our tests on red and green, the habit arose readily. Then (with energy of both stimuli known) we introduced the negative stimulus. As fast as possible, without breaking down the habit, the intensity of the negative stimulus was increased. The following table shows the results of this test. Column 1 gives the number of days the test endured, and column 2 shows the angular opening of the sector. An opening of 10 admits a beam of very low intensity. At 360 the full intensity of the beam was utilized (i.e., the two stimuli possessed equal energy, but did not contain equal stimulating value). Column 3 gives the percentages of correct responses (in 10--20 trials). Tarle Showing Effect On Harit Of Leaving Positive Color At Full Intensity And Gradually Introducing Color Reacted Against Rat I (Reacting positively to blue) Angular Days 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 s J 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 opening on yellow 10 10 10 20 30 40 60 60 70 80 90 100 110 110 120 130 140 180 200 200 240 360 360 % correct 90 83 93 93 100 93 100 93 90 95 100 100 85 100 100 93 93 93 93 100 93 96 100 Rat II (Reactingpositively toyellow ) Angular...

The Comparative Psychology of Audition

Perceiving Complex Sounds

Author: Robert J. Dooling,Stewart H. Hulse

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 1317786130

Category: Psychology

Page: 496

View: 9285

Uniting scientists who study music, child language, human psychoacoustics, and animal acoustical communication, this volume examines research on the perception of complex sounds. The contributors' papers focus on finding a common principle from the comparison of the processing of complex acoustic signals. This volume emphasizes the "comparative" and the "complex" in auditory perception. Topics covered range from communication systems in mice, birds, and primates to the perception and processing of language and music by humans.

The Evolution of Comparative Psychology

Author: Kelly Schmidtke,John Magnotti,Jeffrey Katz

Publisher: NewSouth Books

ISBN: 1603062963


Page: 48

View: 2934

In this volume, excerpted from Charles Darwin: A Celebration of His Life and Legacy (NewSouth Books, 2013), comparative psychologists Jeffrey Katz and his co-authors acknowledge Charles Darwin as the most important figure in the creation of psychology. Every day comparative psychologists rely on the Darwinian concept of common descent. The fact that the human brain/mind arose from ancestral nonhuman brains/minds suggests that we can gain insights about human behavior and cognitive abilities by studying the behavior and abilities of animals such as rats, pigeons, monkeys, and chimps. The question is whether the behavioral and cognitive differences between humans and modern-day nonhumans are of degree, as Darwin suggested, or of kind. Their own work with pigeons and monkeys leads Katz and his co-authors to side with Darwin.

Comparative Psychology

Human and Animal Behaviour: A Sociobiological Approach

Author: N.A

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 1349137766


Page: 218

View: 459

Comparative Psychology for Clinical Psychologists and Therapists

What Animal Behavior Can Tell Us about Human Psychology

Author: Daniel C. Marston,Terry L. Maple

Publisher: Jessica Kingsley Publishers

ISBN: 1784501611

Category: Psychology

Page: 256

View: 489

Featuring animal research, from pigeons to primates, this book explains how comparative psychology can enrich our insights into human psychological processes. Each chapter covers a different clinical disorder or problem commonly encountered by clinical psychologists and therapists, including depression, autism and social communication disorders, substance abuse and obesity, and reviews related research into animal behaviors. Revealing how animal models can grant psychologists a better understanding of the motivations and causes for behaviors that are impossible or challenging to study in humans, the authors suggest interventions, drawn from research findings in comparative psychology, that can effectively address psychological disorders in humans.

Comparative Psychology Monographs

Author: Robert Mearns Yerkes

Publisher: N.A


Category: Animal intelligence

Page: 108

View: 9989

Contains studies of animal behavior, in addition to studies in human psychology, conducted from the comparative point of view.