Court-Martial: How Military Justice Has Shaped America from the Revolution to 9/11 and Beyond

Author: Chris Bray

Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company

ISBN: 0393243419

Category: History

Page: 400

View: 8898

A timely, provocative account of how military justice has shaped American society since the nation’s beginnings. Historian and former soldier Chris Bray tells the sweeping story of military justice from the earliest days of the republic to contemporary arguments over using military courts to try foreign terrorists or soldiers accused of sexual assault. Stretching from the American Revolution to 9/11, Court-Martial recounts the stories of famous American court-martials, including those involving President Andrew Jackson, General William Tecumseh Sherman, Lieutenant Jackie Robinson, and Private Eddie Slovik. Bray explores how encounters of freed slaves with the military justice system during the Civil War anticipated the civil rights movement, and he explains how the Uniform Code of Military Justice came about after World War II. With a great eye for narrative, Bray hones in on the human elements of these stories, from Revolutionary-era militiamen demanding the right to participate in political speech as citizens, to black soldiers risking their lives during the Civil War to demand fair pay, to the struggles over the court-martial of Lieutenant William Calley and the events of My Lai during the Vietnam War. Throughout, Bray presents readers with these unvarnished voices and his own perceptive commentary. Military justice may be separate from civilian justice, but it is thoroughly entwined with American society. As Bray reminds us, the history of American military justice is inextricably the history of America, and Court-Martial powerfully documents the many ways that the separate justice system of the armed forces has served as a proxy for America’s ongoing arguments over equality, privacy, discrimination, security, and liberty.

Court-martial

How Military Justice Has Shaped America from the Revolution to 9/11 and Beyond

Author: Chris Bray

Publisher: W. W. Norton

ISBN: 9780393243406

Category: History

Page: 398

View: 6837

A timely, provocative account of how military justice has shaped American society since the nation's beginnings.

War Stuff

The Struggle for Human and Environmental Resources in the American Civil War

Author: Joan E. Cashin

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108351980

Category: History

Page: N.A

View: 5362

In this path-breaking work on the American Civil War, Joan E. Cashin explores the struggle between armies and civilians over the human and material resources necessary to wage war. This war 'stuff' included the skills of white Southern civilians, as well as such material resources as food, timber, and housing. At first, civilians were willing to help Confederate or Union forces, but the war took such a toll that all civilians, regardless of politics, began focusing on their own survival. Both armies took whatever they needed from human beings and the material world, which eventually destroyed the region's ability to wage war. In this fierce contest between civilians and armies, the civilian population lost. Cashin draws on a wide range of documents, as well as the perspectives of environmental history and material culture studies. This book provides an entirely new perspective on the war era.

The U.S. Naval Institute on Military Justice

Author: Chris Bray

Publisher: Wheel Book

ISBN: 9781682471494

Category: Education

Page: 216

View: 6572

Justice and discipline have shaped the U.S. Navy since the inception of the American republic, in ways the reflect the meaning of citizenship and the culture of the nation. In the early Navy, ordinary sailors were mostly drawn from the lowest socioeconomic classes and brutally disciplined through sheer physical domination by upper-class officers. Flogging was a fairly routine punishment. By the 1970s, naval officers were wondering in public forums if discipline should be managed through non-coercive measures, arguing that sailors should be treated like lawyers or other members of a professional guild. America changed, so naval discipline changed. National politics reached into the Navy. Flogging was banned as a naval punishment because it became a symbol of slavery and an anti-republican model of manhood. Southern, pro-slavery members of Congress voted against a flogging ban introduced by their abolitionist counterparts. Another important reality of naval discipline is that it has revealed the character of leaders in ways they often didn't notice or intend. Bad captains relied on punitive measures to control their crews; in a healthy command culture, fewer sailors requiredpunishment to motivate them to do their jobs. Finally, the post-World War II "civilianization" of naval justice has radically changed the procedural safeguards that protect sailors who face punishment for wrongdoing. But considerable debate continues: How far should civilianization go? How distinct is naval justice, and how much should it be set apart from the norms and expectations of civilian justice? In readings selected from Navy and Marine Corps leaders with direct experience in the naval justice system, this book shows how the Navy court-martial has changed over the decades, and how it hasn't, revealing the purpose and meaning of justice and discipline in the American sea services.

The Athenæum

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 7135

The Encyclopædia Britannica

A Dictionary of Arts, Sciences, and General Literature, with New Maps and Original American Articles by Eminent Writers

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Encyclopedias and dictionaries

Page: N.A

View: 864

1815

The Roads to Waterloo

Author: Gregor Dallas

Publisher: Random House

ISBN: 1448103290

Category: History

Page: 560

View: 1602

The seventeen months from April 1814 to August 1815 were an extraordinary period in European history; a period which saw two sieges of Paris, a complete revision of Europe's political frontiers, an international Congress set up in Vienna, civil war in Italy and international war in Belgium.Gregor Dallas tells the story of these days through the perspectives of three very different European cities: the great metropolis of London, post-revolutionary Paris and baroque Vienna. The writing is almost cinematic in its power to evoke and bring to life the Europe of Tolstoy: the ebb and flow of power, of armies and of peoples across Europe's northern plains. Working essentially from primary sources, Dallas is as interested in the weather conditions before battle as in the way cartoonists reacted to court intrigues and fashions.It is also Europe seen through the eyes of its central players: Talleyrand, who has served nearly every French regime since the Revolution of 1789; Metternich, who devises new plans for a 'Germany' that does not yet exist and for a 'Europe' that remains devided; Wellington, who reveals himself a diplomat as well as a soldier; Tsar Alexander, an idealist seeking to impose a uniform plan for all Europe; and 'Boney' himself, who has his own ideal of Europe and, though banished to Elba, does not abandon his dream to realise it.

Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit

Author: Yuval Noah Harari

Publisher: DVA

ISBN: 364110498X

Category: History

Page: 528

View: 4657

Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.

Congressional Record

Proceedings and Debates of the ... Congress

Author: United States. Congress

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 5708

The Congressional Record is the official record of the proceedings and debates of the United States Congress. It is published daily when Congress is in session. The Congressional Record began publication in 1873. Debates for sessions prior to 1873 are recorded in The Debates and Proceedings in the Congress of the United States (1789-1824), the Register of Debates in Congress (1824-1837), and the Congressional Globe (1833-1873)

The Literary Digest

Author: Edward Jewitt Wheeler,Isaac Kaufman Funk,William Seaver Woods

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 6544

Greek Report

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Greece

Page: N.A

View: 1307

Current History

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: N.A

View: 5575

Collier's Encyclopedia

With Bibliography and Index

Author: Louis Shores

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Bibliography

Page: N.A

View: 3630

The Military Engineer

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Military engineering

Page: N.A

View: 9591

"Directory of members, constitution and by-laws of the Society of American military engineers. 1935" inserted in v. 27.