The Archaeology of Mediterranean Landscapes

Human-Environment Interaction from the Neolithic to the Roman Period

Author: Kevin Walsh

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 052185301X

Category: History

Page: 367

View: 1777

This volume presents a comprehensive review of palaeoenvironmental evidence and its incorporation with landscape archaeology from across the Mediterranean. A fundamental aim of this book is to bridge the intellectual and methodological gaps between those with a background in archaeology and ancient history, and those who work in the palaeoenvironmental sciences. The aim of this volume is twofold: first, to provide archaeologists and landscape historians with a comprehensive overview of recent palaeoenvironmental research across the Mediterranean, and second, to consider ways in which this type of research can be integrated with what might be considered "mainstream" or "cultural" archaeology. This volume takes a thematic approach, assessing the ways in which environmental evidence is employed in different landscape types, from coastal zones via rivers and wetlands to islands and mountainous areas. This volume also presents analyses of how people have interacted with soils and vegetation, and revisits the key questions of human culpability in the creation of so-called degraded landscapes in the Mediterranean. It covers chronological periods from the Early Neolithic to the end of the Roman period.

Cultural responses to the volcanic landscape

the Mediterranean and beyond

Author: Miriam S. Balmuth,David K. Chester,Patricia A. Johnston

Publisher: Archaeological Inst of Amer

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 345

View: 2484

This book is the result of two interdisciplinary symposia held by a group of volcanologists, engineers, Near Eastern and classical philologists, and Old and New World archaeologists in Naples, Italy and Medford, Massachusetts. Contributors to the 19 chapters in this volume examine the complex problems that arise in volcanic environments and the various ways in which societies respond. These studies cross barriers among the volcanological, geological, antiquarian, and archaeological perspectives in studying such topics as risk assessment, responses in prehistoric and historic times, and representations in ancient literature.

Archaeological Fieldwork and Opportunities Bulletin

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781931909112

Category: Archaeology

Page: 256

View: 5232

The Archacological Fieldwork Opportunities Bulletin (AFOB) is an annual resource designed as an excellent starting point to plan a fieldschool or archaeological vacation. Perfect for the student or the layperson. AFOB provides an extensive list of programs that offer opportunities to excavate in the United States and abroad. This fully indexed edition contains more than 200 fieldwork opportunities, listed under major geographic regions. Each entry provides essential information about the site, including full contact details, the duration of the excavation, age requirements, applicable fees, and general background information.

Archaeological Fieldwork Opportunities Bulletin

Author: Archaeological Institute of America

Publisher: Archaeological Inst of Amer

ISBN: 9781931909167

Category: Reference

Page: 244

View: 9116

The Archaeological Fieldwork Opportunities Bulletin (AFOB) is an annual resource designed as an excellent starting point to plan a fieldschool or archaeological vacation. Perfect for a student or the layperson, AFOB provides an extensive list of programmes that offer opportunities to excavate around the world. This fully indexed edition contains more than 200 fieldwork opportunities, listed under major geographic regions. Each entry provides essential information about the site, including full contact details, the duration of the excavation, age requirements, applicable fees, and general background information. As in past years, the 2007 AFOB also contains a fully updated list of state archaeologists, state historical preservation officers, and archaeological organisations all excellent resources from which to receive information about excavations not listed within this publication.

Vergilius

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 9116

The Lost World of Old Europe

The Danube Valley, 5000-3500 BC

Author: David W. Anthony

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691143880

Category: History

Page: 254

View: 7478

In the prehistoric Copper Age, long before cities, writing, or the invention of the wheel, Old Europe was among the most culturally rich regions in the world. Its inhabitants lived in prosperous agricultural towns. The ubiquitous goddess figurines found in their houses and shrines have triggered intense debates about women's roles. The Lost World of Old Europe is the accompanying catalog for an exhibition at New York University's Institute for the Study of the Ancient World. This superb volume features essays by leading archaeologists as well as breathtaking color photographs cataloguing the objects, some illustrated here for the first time. The heart of Old Europe was in the lower Danube valley, in contemporary Bulgaria and Romania. Old European coppersmiths were the most advanced metal artisans in the world. Their intense interest in acquiring copper, Aegean shells, and other rare valuables gave rise to far-reaching trading networks. In their graves, the bodies of Old European chieftains were adorned with pounds of gold and copper ornaments. Their funerals were without parallel in the Near East or Egypt. The exhibition represents the first time these rare objects have appeared in the United States. An unparalleled introduction to Old Europe's cultural, technological, and artistic legacy, The Lost World of Old Europe includes essays by Douglass Bailey, John Chapman, Cornelia-Magda Lazarovici, Ioan Opris and Catalin Bem, Ernst Pernicka, Dragomir Nicolae Popovici, Michel Séfériadès, and Vladimir Slavchev.

In Pursuit of Ancient Pasts

A History of Classical Archaeology in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries

Author: Stephen L. Dyson

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300134971

Category: History

Page: 336

View: 464

divThe stories behind the acquisition of ancient antiquities are often as important as those that tell of their creation. This fascinating book provides a comprehensive account of the history and development of classical archaeology, explaining how and why artifacts have moved from foreign soil to collections around the world. As archaeologist Stephen Dyson shows, Greek and Roman archaeological study was closely intertwined with ideas about class and social structure; the rise of nationalism and later political ideologies such as fascism; and the physical and cultural development of most of the important art museums in Europe and the United States, whose prestige depended on their creation of collections of classical art. Accompanied by a discussion of the history of each of the major national traditions and their significant figures, this lively book shows how classical archaeology has influenced attitudes about areas as wide-ranging as tourism, nationalism, the role of the museum, and historicism in nineteenth- and twentieth-century art./DIV

Gardens of the Roman Empire

Author: Wilhelmina F. Jashemski,Kathryn L. Gleason,Kim J. Hartswick,Amina-Aïcha Malek

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108325831

Category: Art

Page: N.A

View: 3060

In Gardens of the Roman Empire, the pioneering archaeologist Wilhelmina F. Jashemski sets out to examine the role of ancient Roman gardens in daily life throughout the empire. This study, therefore, includes for the first time, archaeological, literary, and artistic evidence about ancient Roman gardens across the entire Roman Empire from Britain to Arabia. Through well-illustrated essays by leading scholars in the field, various types of gardens are examined, from how Romans actually created their gardens to the experience of gardens as revealed in literature and art. Demonstrating the central role and value of gardens in Roman civilization, Jashemski and a distinguished, international team of contributors have created a landmark reference work that will serve as the foundation for future scholarship on this topic.

Yearbook on Space Policy 2009/2010

Space for Society

Author: Kai-Uwe Schrogl,Spyros Pagkratis,Blandina Baranes

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3709109426

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 358

View: 668

The Yearbook on Space Policy is the reference publication analysing space policy developments. Each year it presents issues and trends in space policy and the space sector as a whole. Its scope is global and its perspective is European. The Yearbook also links space policy with other policy areas. It highlights specific events and issues, and provides useful insights, data and information on space activities. The Yearbook on Space Policy is edited by the European Space Policy Institute (ESPI) based in Vienna, Austria. It combines in-house research and contributions of members of the European Space Policy Research and Academic Network (ESPRAN), coordinated by ESPI. The Yearbook is designed for government decision-makers and agencies, industry professionals, as well as the service sectors, researchers and scientists and the interested public.

The Dance of the Islands

Insularity, Networks, the Athenian Empire, and the Aegean World

Author: Christy Constantakopoulou

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191615455

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 348

View: 2966

Christy Constantakopoulou examines the history of the Aegean islands and changing concepts of insularity, with particular emphasis on the fifth century BC. Islands are a prominent feature of the Aegean landscape, and this inevitably created a variety of different (and sometimes contradictory) perceptions of insularity in classical Greek thought. Geographic analysis of insularity emphasizes the interplay between island isolation and island interaction, but the predominance of islands in the Aegean sea made island isolation almost impossible. Rather, island connectivity was an important feature of the history of the Aegean and was expressed on many levels. Constantakopoulou investigates island interaction in two prominent areas, religion and imperial politics, examining both the religious networks located on islands in the ancient Greek world and the impact of imperial politics on the Aegean islands during the fifth century.

Our architectural heritage

from consciousness to conservation

Author: Cevat Erder

Publisher: United Nations Educational

ISBN: N.A

Category: Architecture

Page: 236

View: 2338

Archaeology and Apprenticeship

Body Knowledge, Identity, and Communities of Practice

Author: Willeke Wendrich

Publisher: University of Arizona Press

ISBN: 0816599300

Category: Social Science

Page: 264

View: 9952

Archaeologists study a wide array of material remains to propose conclusions about non-material aspects of culture. The intricacies of these findings have increased over recent decades, but only limited attention has been paid to what the archaeological record can tell us about the transfer of cultural knowledge through apprenticeship. Apprenticeship is broadly defined as the transmission of culture through a formal or informal teacher–pupil relationship. This collection invites a wide discussion, citing case studies from all over the world and yet focuses the scholarship into a concise set of contributions. The chapters in this volume demonstrate how archaeology can benefit greatly from the understanding of the social dimensions of knowledge transfer. This book also examines apprenticeship in archaeology against a backdrop of sociological and cognitive psychology literature, to enrich the understanding of the relationship between material remains and enculturation. Each of the authors in this collection looks specifically at how material remains can reveal several specific aspects of ancient cultures: What is the human potential for learning? How do people learn? Who is teaching? Why are they learning? What are the results of such learning? How do we recognize knowledge transfer in the archaeological record? These fundamental questions are featured in various forms in all chapters of the book. With case studies from the American Southwest, Alaska, Egypt, Ancient Greece, and Mesopotamia, this book will have broad appeal for scholars—particularly those concerned with cultural transmission and traditions of learning and education—all over the world.

Satellite Remote Sensing for Archaeology

Author: Sarah H. Parcak

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134060459

Category: Social Science

Page: 320

View: 3633

This handbook is the first comprehensive overview of the field of satellite remote sensing for archaeology and how it can be applied to ongoing archaeological fieldwork projects across the globe. It provides a survey of the history and development of the field, connecting satellite remote sensing in archaeology to broader developments in remote sensing, archaeological method and theory, cultural resource management, and environmental studies. With a focus on practical uses of satellite remote sensing, Sarah H. Parcak evaluates satellite imagery types and remote sensing analysis techniques specific to the discovery, preservation, and management of archaeological sites. Case studies from Asia, Central America, and the Middle East are explored, including Xi’an, China; Angkor Wat, Cambodia and Egypt’s floodplains. In-field surveying techniques particular to satellite remote sensing are emphasized, providing strategies for recording ancient features on the ground observed from space. The book also discusses broader issues relating to archaeological remote sensing ethics, looting prevention, and archaeological site preservation. New sensing research is included and illustrated with the inclusion of over 160 satellite images of ancient sites. With a companion website (www.routledge.com/textbooks/9780415448789) with further resources and colour images, Satellite Remote Sensing for Archaeology will provide anyone interested in scientific applications to uncovering past archaeological landscapes a foundation for future research and study.

Pottery and Society

The Impact of Recent Studies in Minoan Pottery : Gold Medal Colloquium in Honor of Philip P. Betancourt : 104th Annual Meeting of the Archaeological Institute of America, New Orleans, Louisiana, 5 January 2003

Author: Archaeological Institute of America. General Meeting,Philip P. Betancourt,Malcolm H. Wiener

Publisher: Archaeological Inst of Amer

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 157

View: 393

Philip P Betancourt revolutionised the study of Minoan pottery - just one of the many aspects of his career that led to his Gold Medal for Distinguished Archaeological Achievement. This volume presents some of the most recent studies in Minoan pottery using the techniques and methodologies pioneered by Betancourt. An essential collection for any scholar of Minoan pottery or of Aegean Prehistory in general.

Greek Colonisation

An Account of Greek Colonies and Other Settlements Overseas

Author: Gocha R. Tsetskhladze

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004155767

Category: History

Page: 566

View: 7987

The 3-volume handbook is dedicated to one of the most significant processes in the history of ancient Greece - colonisation. Greeks set up colonies and other settlements in new environments, establishing themselves in lands stretching from the Iberian Peninsula in the west to North Africa in the south and the Black Sea in the north-east. In this colonial world Greek and local societies met, influenced and enriched each other. The handbook brings together historians and archaeologists, all world experts, to present the latest ideas and evidence. The principal aim is to present and update the general picture of this phenomenon, showing its importance in the history of the whole ancient world, including the Near East. The work is dedicated to the late Prof. A.J. Graham. This second volume contains chapters on Central Greece on the eve of the colonisation movement, foundation stories, colonisation in the Classical period, the Adriatic, the northern Aegean, Libya and Cyprus.

Greeks and natives in the Cimmerian Bosporus, 7th-1st centuries BC

proceedings of the international conferenece , October 2000, Taman, Russia

Author: Sergei L. Solovyov

Publisher: British Archaeological Reports Ltd

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 175

View: 5070

28 papers from an international conference held in Taman, Russia, in 2000. Contents: 1) Sinopean Amphorae, South-East and North-West (J. G. de Boer); 2) Attic Art of Fifth and Fourth Centuries BC and Art of the Cimmerian Bosporus (Jan Bouzek); 3) The Sindians of the Taman Peninsula ca. 400 BC: Polyaenus' Tirgitao, Numismatics and Demosthenes' Grandfather (David Braund); 4) Archaic Myrmekion (A. M. Butyagin); 5) Myrmekion in the Second Half of the 5th-Beginning of the 3rd Centuries BC: Investigation Results and Study Problems (D. E. Chistov); 6) 'Bosporan art': the Problem of Definition (L. I. Davydova); 7) Ionian Trade and Colonisation in the Iberian Peninsula: the Pottery Evidence (A. J. Dominguez); 8) Amphores 'Samiennes' archaiques de Mer Noire (approche archeometrique) (Pierre Dupont); 9) Archaeological Investigation of the Sanctuary in the Necropolis of the Tenginskoe II Site (Preliminary Publication) (V. R. Erlikh); 10) Boundaries and Plan of the Ancient Hermonassa: Archaeological Evidence (S. I. Finogenova); 11) Aspurgians and the Military Policy of Bosporus at the Turn of the First Century AD (V. A. Goroncharovskii); 12) Tanais River Region: Greek-Barbarian Relations in the 7th-6th Centuries BC (V. P. Kopylov); 13) Ancient Fountains and Monuments of the Northern Black Sea Littoral (A. V. Kruglov); 14) On the History of Ancient Agriculture on the Northern Black Sea Littoral (V. A. Kutaisov); 15) Iconographic Parallels between Terracottas from Western Asia Minor and the Black Sea (Claudia Lang-Auinger); 16) Pottery from the Kutlak Fortress in the Crimea (S. B. Lantsov and V. Y. Yurochkin); 17) Kytaia: Phases of History (E. A. Molev); 18) Sindian Cleft (A. A. Nikonov); 19) Early Scythian Burial Mounds in the Western Trans-Kuban Region: Ethnic Evidence (A. M. Novichikhin); 20) Origin-Legends of the Greek Colonisation of the Northern Black Sea Littoral: Historical Tradition and/or Literary Fiction (A. V. Podosinov); 21) The Western Part of Hellenistic Tanais (Tomasz Scholl); 22) Hand-made Pottery from Nymphaeum: Bronze and Early Iron Ages (S. N. Senatorov); 23) City of Nymphaeum: Excavation Results (1991-2000) (O. Y. Sokolova); 24) Chorai of Borysthenes, Olbia, Nymphaeum and Hermonassa: Investigation Results and Comparative Study (S. L. Solovyov); 25) Bemerkungen zum silbernen Kalbskopfrhyton in der Ermitage (Latife Summerer); 26) A Set of Ornaments from Burial No. 1 of the Elder Three Brothers Barrow (Mikhail Treister); 27) Cimmerian Bosporus: Main Phases of Pre-Roman History (Y. A. Vinogradov); 28) Bosporus: Panticapaeum and the Territorial State (A. A. Zavoikin).

Late Bronze Age Tell Atchana (Alalakh)

Stratigraphy, Chronology, History

Author: Amir Sumakaʼi Fink

Publisher: British Archaeological Reports Limited

ISBN: 9781407306612

Category: Social Science

Page: 157

View: 1887

This study re-visits the Late Bronze Age stratigraphy, chronology and history of Tell Atchana (Alalakh, Syria) as recorded by Sir Leonard Woolley in the 1930s and 1940s. The author offers both a detailed analysis of the material culture of Late Bronze Age Alalakh and a political history of the region following the destruction of the Level IVW palace. Step one was to understand the way in which the plans of Tell Atchana that Woolley published are to be interpreted, and the implications of so doing. Next the author establishes the correct location, absolute and relative, of the Level IW temples. After this follows an analysis of the stratigraphy of the Levels IV-0W temples. Based on the finds in each of the later temples, new data afforded a detailed study of the find-spot of the statue of Idrimi, now newly attributed to Level IVBF, the first half of the fourteenth century BCE, probably not more than a few decades after the death of Idrimi, king of Alalakh. The same stratigraphic analysis scheme was projected on all the features and structures of Levels V-0W, making the author's approach to Late Bronze Age Alalakh significantly different than that of the previous literature, and significantly revises Woolley's 1955 Final Report and later studies. Detailed new phase plans for Levels VA-IBF accompany this study and the work concludes by presenting consequential material culture data that leads to a proposed absolute chronology of the relevant strata at Alalakh, accompanied by a discussion of the history of Alalakh in the Late Bronze Age. It is hope that this volume will help pave the way for future investigation, and that its implications will be considered not only for Alalakh and Mukis, but for the Late Bronze Age Levant as a whole.

Surveying the Greek Chora

Black Sea Region in a Comparative Perspective

Author: Pia Guldager Bilde,Vladimir F. Stolba

Publisher: Aarhus Universitetsforlag

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 346

View: 3230

This volume is the outcome of an international conference on landscape archaeology. It includes 15 contributions from participants from six different countries, who analyse the territories of the main ancient cities of the west, north and south coasts of the Black Sea region, discussing them also in a comparative, Mediterranean perspective. The particular aim of the conference was to join the forces of Eastern as well as Western researchers in establishing an overview of the relationship between the larger ancient cities and their territories. During the past 40 years this particular field of archaeology has developed into a highly specialised and sophisticated discipline. Based on a systematic sampling strategy, it aims at understanding regions beyond the individual site, frequently on a city-state, regional or landscape level. The methodological debate on this approach that is current in Mediterranean archaeology has, however, only had a limited impact so far on Black Sea region research, with most Western researchers still lacking a fundamental knowledge about Black Sea data and how they are generated.

Research Methods in Anthropology

Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches

Author: H. Russell Bernard

Publisher: Rowman Altamira

ISBN: 0759112436

Category: Social Science

Page: 680

View: 7945

Research Methods in Anthropology is the standard textbook for methods classes in anthropology. Written in Russ BernardOs unmistakable conversational style, his guide has launched tens of thousands of students into the fieldwork enterprise with a combination of rigorous methodology, wry humor, and commonsense advice. Whether you are coming from a scientific, interpretive, or applied anthropological tradition, you will learn field methods from the best guide in both qualitative and quantitative methods.