Culture and Power

The Sociology of Pierre Bourdieu

Author: David Swartz

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 022616165X

Category: Social Science

Page: 342

View: 5712

Pierre Bourdieu is one of the world's most important social theorists and is also one of the great empirical researchers in contemporary sociology. However, reading Bourdieu can be difficult for those not familiar with the French cultural context, and until now a comprehensive introduction to Bourdieu's oeuvre has not been available. David Swartz focuses on a central theme in Bourdieu's work—the complex relationship between culture and power—and explains that sociology for Bourdieu is a mode of political intervention. Swartz clarifies Bourdieu's difficult concepts, noting where they have been misinterpreted by critics and where they have fallen short in resolving important analytical issues. The book also shows how Bourdieu has synthesized his theory of practices and symbolic power from Durkheim, Marx, and Weber, and how his work was influenced by Sartre, Levi-Strauss, and Althusser. Culture and Power is the first book to offer both a sympathetic and critical examination of Bourdieu's work and it will be invaluable to social scientists as well as to a broader audience in the humanities.

Symbolic Power, Politics, and Intellectuals

The Political Sociology of Pierre Bourdieu

Author: David L. Swartz

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226925021

Category: Social Science

Page: 304

View: 9104

Power is the central organizing principle of all social life, from culture and education to stratification and taste. And there is no more prominent name in the analysis of power than that of noted sociologist Pierre Bourdieu. Throughout his career, Bourdieu challenged the commonly held view that symbolic power—the power to dominate—is solely symbolic. He emphasized that symbolic power helps create and maintain social hierarchies, which form the very bedrock of political life. By the time of his death in 2002, Bourdieu had become a leading public intellectual, and his argument about the more subtle and influential ways that cultural resources and symbolic categories prevail in power arrangements and practices had gained broad recognition. In Symbolic Power, Politics, and Intellectuals, David L. Swartz delves deeply into Bourdieu’s work to show how central—but often overlooked—power and politics are to an understanding of sociology. Arguing that power and politics stand at the core of Bourdieu’s sociology, Swartz illuminates Bourdieu’s political project for the social sciences, as well as Bourdieu’s own political activism, explaining how sociology is not just science but also a crucial form of political engagement.

Über den Staat

Vorlesungen am Collège de France 1989–1992

Author: Pierre Bourdieu

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518737678

Category: Social Science

Page: 700

View: 5540

Kaum ein Wissenschaftler war politisch so engagiert wie Pierre Bourdieu. Umso mehr überrascht es, dass er dem Staat keine eigene Monographie gewidmet hat. Dass er sich dennoch intensiv mit dem Thema beschäftigte, belegen seine Vorlesungen am Collège de France, deren fulminanter Auftakt Über den Staat bildet. Bourdieu geht es sowohl um Fragen der Methodologie und Theorie bei der Untersuchung des Staates als Forschungsobjekt als auch um die historische Genese dieser Institution. Er analysiert zentrale Unterscheidungen wie die zwischen öffentlich und privat sowie den Einfluss der Massenmedien. Über den Staat ist eine große Synthese – und das eigentliche Hauptwerk Bourdieus zur politischen Soziologie.

Die feinen Unterschiede

Kritik der gesellschaftlichen Urteilskraft

Author: Pierre Bourdieu

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783518576250

Category: Aesthetics, French

Page: 877

View: 694

Die Analyse des kulturellen Konsums ist für alle von Interesse, die geneigt sind, ihre eigenen, meist als selbstverständlich aufgefassten kulturellen Vorlieben und Praktiken zu prüfen. Der Reiz und das Verdienst des Buches liegen darin, dass der Autor immer im Kontakt zum konkreten Alltag bleibt. Die Lektüre der Feinen Unterschiede wird ein spannender Selbsterfahrungsprozess.

Pierre Bourdieu and Physical Culture

Author: lisahunter,,Wayne Smith,elke emerald

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134115016

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 214

View: 7717

The work of French sociologist, anthropologist and philosopher Pierre Bourdieu has been influential across a set of cognate disciplines that can be classified as physical culture studies. Concepts such as field, capital, habitus and symbolic violence have been used as theoretical tools by scholars and students looking to understand the nature and purpose of sport, leisure, physical education and human movement within wider society. Pierre Bourdieu and Physical Culture is the first book to focus on the significance of Bourdieu’s work for, and in, physical culture. Bringing together the work of leading and emerging international researchers, it introduces the core concepts in Bourdieu’s thought and work, and presents a series of fascinating demonstrations of the application of his theory to physical culture studies. A concluding section discusses the inherent difficulties of choosing and using theory to understand the world around us. By providing an in-depth and multi-layered example of how theory can be used across the many and varied components of sport, leisure, physical education and human movement, this book should help all serious students and researchers in physical culture to better understand the importance of social theory in their work.

Cultural Consumption, Classification and Power

Author: Alan Warde

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317982223

Category: Social Science

Page: 104

View: 607

When social scientists in the 1970s began to identify the positive and constructive role of cultural practices in the operation of power, Pierre Bourdieu advanced a highly influential and subsequently controversial account. Most notably in Distinction, he charted the connections between cultural taste and practice and social classification. This book seeks to evaluate, develop and transcend the ideas that Bourdieu explored in Distinction.. Taken together the papers compare and contrast different theoretical and conceptual approaches, bring empirical investigations to bear on relevant theoretical issues, drawing on different national experiences (France, UK, Canada, Central Africa), and attend to aspects of the relationship between culture and power with reference to gender and ethnicity as well as class. Thus the book contributes to the on-going international debates across the social sciences about Bourdieu’s legacy and the current role of cultural practice in social reproduction.

The Field of Cultural Production

Essays on Art and Literature

Author: Pierre Bourdieu,Randal Johnson

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 9780231082877

Category: Art

Page: 322

View: 3460

During the last two decades, sociologist Pierre Bourdieu has become a dominant force in cultural activity ranging from taste in music and art to choices in food and lifestyles. The Field of Cultural Production brings together Bourdieu's major essays on art and literature and provides the first introduction to Bourdieu's writings and theory of a cultural field that situates artistic works within the social conditions of their production, circulation, and consumption. Bourdieu develops a highly original approach to the study of literary and artistic works, addressing many of the key issues that have preoccupied literary art and cultural criticism in the last twentieth century: aesthetic value and canonicity, intertextuality, the institutional frameworks of cultural practice, the social role of intellectuals and artists, and structures of literary and artistic authority. Bourdieu elaborates a theory of the cultural field which situates artistic works within the social conditions of their production, circulation, and consumption. He examines the individuals and institutions involved in making cultural products what they are: not only the writers and artists, but also the publishers, critics, dealers, galleries, and academies. He analyzes the structure of the cultural field itself as well as its position within the broader social structures of power. The essays in his volume examine such diverse topics as Flaubert's point of view, Manet's aesthetic revolution, the historical creation of the pure gaze, and the relationship between art and power. The Field of Cultural Porduction will be of interest to students and scholars from a wide range of disciplines: sociology and social theory, literature, art, and cultural studies.

Freiheit im Denken Hayeks

Author: John N. Gray

Publisher: Mohr Siebeck

ISBN: 9783163449763

Category: Social Science

Page: 155

View: 1280

Culture, Class, and Critical Theory

Between Bourdieu and the Frankfurt School

Author: David Gartman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136169768

Category: Social Science

Page: 194

View: 4021

Culture, Class, and Critical Theory develops a theory of culture that explains how ideas create and legitimate class inequalities in modern society. This theory is developed through a critique and comparison of the powerful ideas on culture offered by Pierre Bourdieu and the Frankfurt School thinkers, especially Theodor Adorno. These ideas are illuminated and criticized through the development of two empirical cases on which Gartman has published extensively, automobile design and architecture. Bourdieu and the Frankfurt School postulate opposite theories of the cultural legitimation of class inequalities. Bourdieu argues that the culture of modern society is a class culture, a ranked diversity of beliefs and tastes corresponding to different classes. The cultural beliefs and practices of the dominant class are arbitrarily defined as superior, thus legitimating its greater share of social resources. By contrast, the thinkers of the Frankfurt School conceive of modern culture as a mass culture, a leveled homogeneity in which the ideas and tastes shared by all classes disguises real class inequalities. This creates the illusion of an egalitarian democracy that prevents inequalities from being contested. Through an empirical assessment of the theories against the cases, Gartman reveals that both are correct, but for different parts of modern culture. These parts combine to provide a strong legitimation of class inequalities.

Language and Symbolic Power

Author: Pierre Bourdieu,John B. Thompson

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674510418

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 302

View: 3399

This volume brings together Pierre Bourdieuâe(tm)s highly original writings on language and on the relations among language, power, and politics. Bourdieu develops a forceful critique of traditional approaches to language, including the linguistic theories of Saussure and Chomsky and the theory of speech-acts elaborated by Austin and others. He argues that language should be viewed not only as a means of communication but also as a medium of power through which individuals pursue their own interests and display their practical competence. Drawing on the concepts that are part of his distinctive theoretical approach, Bourdieu maintains that linguistic utterances or expressions can be understood as the product of the relation between a âeoelinguistic marketâe and a âeoelinguistic habitus.âe When individuals use language in particular ways, they deploy their accumulated linguistic resources and implicitly adapt their words to the demands of the social field or market that is their audience. Hence every linguistic interaction, however personal or insignificant it may seem, bears the traces of the social structure that it both expresses and helps to reproduce. Bourdieuâe(tm)s account sheds fresh light on the ways in which linguistic usage varies according to considerations such as class and gender. It also opens up a new approach to the ways in which language is used in the domain of politics. For politics is, among other things, the arena in which words are deeds and the symbolic character of power is at stake. This volume, by one of the leading social thinkers in the world today, represents a major contribution to the study of language and power. It will be of interest to students throughout the social sciences and humanities, especially in sociology, politics, anthropology, linguistics, and literature.

After Bourdieu

Influence, Critique, Elaboration

Author: David L. Swartz,Vera L. Zolberg

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402025890

Category: Social Science

Page: 371

View: 2548

critical evaluations of his work, notably papers by Rodney Benson, 4 Rogers Brubaker, Nick Crossley, and John Myles. Indeed, it is the 1985 article by Rogers Brubaker that can truly be said to have served as one of the best introductions to Bourdieu’s thought for the American social scienti?c public. It is for this reason that we include it in the present collection. Intellectual origins & orientations We begin by providing an overview of Bourdieu’s life as a scholar and a public intellectual. The numerous obituaries and memorial tributes that have appeared following Bourdieu’s untimely death have revealed something of his life and career, but few have stressed the intersection of his social origins, career trajectory, and public intellectual life with the changing political and social context of France. This is precisely what David Swartz’s “In memoriam” attempts to accomplish. In it he emphasizes the coincidence of Bourdieu’s young and later adulthood with the period of decolonization, the May 1968 French university crisis, the opening up of France to privatization of many domains previously entrusted to the state (l’état providence), and, most threatening to post-World War II reforms, the emergence of globalization as the hegemonic structure of the 21st century. An orienting theme throughout Bourdieu’s work warns against the partial and fractured views of social reality generated by the fundamental subject/object dichotomy that has plagued social science from its very beginning.

Reproduction in Education, Society and Culture

Author: Professor Pierre Bourdieu,Jean Claude Passeron

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9781446223758

Category:

Page: 288

View: 2319

The way in which the ruling ideas of a social system are related to structures of class, production and power, and how these are legitimated and perpetuated, is fundamental to the sociological project. In this second edition of this classic text, which includes a new introduction by Pierre Bourdieu, the authors develop an analysis of education (in its broadest sense, encompassing more than the process of formal education). They show how education carries an essentially arbitrary cultural scheme which is actually, though not in appearance, based on power. More widely, the reproduction of culture through education is shown to play a key part in the reproduction of the whole social system. The analysis is carried through not only in theoretical terms but through the development of empirically testable propositions within the wider framework of the historical transformation of the educational system.

Das politische Feld

zur Kritik der politischen Vernunft

Author: Pierre Bourdieu

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783896699848

Category: Political sociology

Page: 140

View: 1640

Quantifying Theory: Pierre Bourdieu

Author: Karen Robson,Chris Sanders

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402094507

Category: Social Science

Page: 228

View: 7512

Pierre Bourdieu’s contributions to the theory and practice of social research are far reaching. Possibly the most prominent sociologist in recent times, his work has touched on a myriad of topics and has influenced scholars in multiple disciplines. Throughout Bourdieu’s work, emphasis is placed on the linkage between the practice of social research and its relationship to social theory. This book honours Bourdieu’s commitment to the inextricable relationship between social theory and research in social science. In this volume, authors from all over the world utilize key concepts coined by Bourdieu, specifically his concept of capitals, habitus, and the field, and attempt to test them using quantitative survey data. The focus of this volume is how researchers can take key elements of Bourdieu’s work and apply them to the analysis of quantitative data on a variety of topics. Throughout the volume, issues of the possible interpretations of concepts and measurement validity are focused upon in a language that can be appreciated by new and experienced researchers alike. This volume is useful for courses where the linkage between theory and research is emphasized, at both the upper undergraduate and general postgraduate level. In addition to serving as a teaching tool, the articles within the volume will be invaluable to any scholar interested in working with Bourdieu’s concepts in quantitative research.

Bourdieu for Educators

Policy and Practice

Author: Fenwick W. English,Cheryl L. Bolton

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483315959

Category: Education

Page: 144

View: 3483

Educational change and reform on a larger scale Bourdieu for Educators: Policy and Practice, brings the revolutionary research and thinking of Pierre Bourdieu (1930[en]2002) of France to public educational leaders in North America, Canada, Australia, and the U.K. This text brings Bourdieu’s corpus into the arena of elementary and secondary educational reform and change, and offers policy, research, and practice discussions. Authors Fenwick W. English and Cheryl L. Bolton use Bourdieu to challenge the standards movement in different countries, the current vision of effective management, and the open market notion connecting pay to performance. The text shows that connecting pay to performance won’t improve education for the poorest group of school students in the U.S., Canada, or the U.K., regardless of how much money is spent trying to erase the achievement gap. The authors layout the bold educational agenda of Pierre Bourdieu by demonstrating that educational preparation must take into account larger socioeconomic-political realities in order for educational change and reform to make an impact.

Reproduction in Education, Society and Culture

Author: Pierre Bourdieu,Jean-Claude Passeron

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780803983205

Category: Social Science

Page: 254

View: 1624

The way in which the ruling ideas of a social system are related to structures of class, production and power, and how these are legitimated and perpetuated, is fundamental to the sociological project. In this second edition of this classic text, which includes a new introduction by Pierre Bourdieu, the authors develop an analysis of education (in its broadest sense, encompassing more than the process of formal education). They show how education carries an essentially arbitrary cultural scheme which is actually, though not in appearance, based on power. More widely, the reproduction of culture through education is shown to play a key part in the reproduction of the whole social system. The analysis is carried through not only in theoretica

Pierre Bourdieu

A Critical Introduction

Author: Jeremy F. Lane

Publisher: Pluto Press

ISBN: 9780745315010

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 228

View: 3062

'This beautifully written and lucidly argued study is the most persuasive account of Bourdieu's work yet to be published. Lane illuminates much that can puzzle a foreign readership by expertly situating Bourdieu within a French context. At the same time he points to those aspects of Bourdieu's writing which are of particular relevance to contemporary debates on questions of citizenship and globalization. He gives a fascinating account of Bourdieu's astonishingly prescient analyses of the impact of the expansion of higher education, the influence of the mass media, the growth of the culture industries, and the changing nature of political and social elites, not just in France, but in the western world.' Professor Jill Forbes, Queen Mary and Westfield, University of London

Manet

Eine symbolische Revolution

Author: Pierre Bourdieu

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518741853

Category: Social Science

Page: 921

View: 967

Wie vollzieht sich eine symbolische Revolution? Wann hat sie Erfolg? Am Beispiel des Begründers der modernen Malerei, Édouard Manet, geht der große französische Soziologe diesen Fragen in seinen bahnbrechenden Vorlesungen am Collège de France aus den Jahren 1998 bis 2000 nach. Begleitet werden die Vorlesungen von einem Manuskript über Manet, an dem Bourdieu mit seiner Frau Marie-Claire gearbeitet hat. Eine Entdeckung! Bourdieu situiert Manets Malerei in der Krise der Kunst Mitte des 19. Jahrhunderts – in einem Moment, in dem zum einen die Zahl der Künstler zunimmt und zum anderen die staatliche Autorität in der Beurteilung des Wertes von Kunst fundamental in Frage gestellt wird. In dieser Situation bricht Manet mit den Regeln der akademischen Malerei und revolutioniert die gesamte ästhetische Ordnung. Seine Gemälde sind als Kampfansagen zu verstehen: an die Bewahrer des Akademismus, an den Populismus der Realisten, an den kommerziellen Ekklektizismus der Genremaler und sogar an den im Entstehen begriffenen Impressionismus. Solche symbolischen Revolutionen, so arbeitet Bourdieu heraus, sind nur vor dem Hintergrund der Konstellationen des gesamten kulturellen Feldes zu erklären. Mit seinen Studien zu Manet hat Bourdieu nicht weniger als ein Grundlagenwerk der Kunstsoziologie geschaffen.

New Uses of Bourdieu in Film and Media Studies

Author: Guy Austin

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 178533168X

Category: Social Science

Page: 184

View: 1221

Through his influential work on cultural capital and social mobility, the French sociologist Pierre Bourdieu has provided critical insights into the complex interactions of power, class, and culture in the modern era. Ubiquitous though Bourdieu's theories are, however, they have only intermittently been used to study some of the most important forms of cultural production today: cinema and new media. With topics ranging from film festivals and photography to constantly evolving mobile technologies, this collection demonstrates the enormous relevance that Bourdieu's key concepts hold for the field of media studies, deploying them as powerful tools of analysis and forging new avenues of inquiry in the process.