SCADA, DCS, PLC, HMI, and SIS
Author: Tyson Macaulay,Bryan L. Singer
Publisher: CRC Press
Category: Business & Economics
As industrial control systems (ICS), including SCADA, DCS, and other process control networks, become Internet-facing, they expose crucial services to attack. Threats like Duqu, a sophisticated worm found in the wild that appeared to share portions of its code with the Stuxnet worm, emerge with increasing frequency. Explaining how to develop and implement an effective cybersecurity program for ICS, Cybersecurity for Industrial Control Systems: SCADA, DCS, PLC, HMI, and SIS provides you with the tools to ensure network security without sacrificing the efficiency and functionality of ICS. Highlighting the key issues that need to be addressed, the book begins with a thorough introduction to ICS. It discusses business, cost, competitive, and regulatory drivers and the conflicting priorities of convergence. Next, it explains why security requirements differ from IT to ICS. It differentiates when standard IT security solutions can be used and where SCADA-specific practices are required. The book examines the plethora of potential threats to ICS, including hi-jacking malware, botnets, spam engines, and porn dialers. It outlines the range of vulnerabilities inherent in the ICS quest for efficiency and functionality that necessitates risk behavior such as remote access and control of critical equipment. Reviewing risk assessment techniques and the evolving risk assessment process, the text concludes by examining what is on the horizon for ICS security, including IPv6, ICSv6 test lab designs, and IPv6 and ICS sensors.
Author: Joseph Weiss
Publisher: Momentum Press
Aimed at both the novice and expert in IT security and industrial control systems (ICS), this book will help readers gain a better understanding of protecting ICSs from electronic threats. Cyber security is getting much more attention and SCADA security (Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition) is a particularly important part of this field, as are Distributed Control Systems (DCS), Programmable Logic Controllers (PLCs), Remote Terminal Units (RTUs), Intelligent Electronic Devices (IEDs)-and all the other, field controllers, sensors, and drives, emission controls, and that make up the intelligence of modern industrial buildings and facilities. This book will help the reader better understand what is industrial control system cyber security, why is it different than IT security, what has really happened to date, and what needs to be done. Loads of practical advice is offered on everything from clarity on current cyber-security systems and how they can be integrated into general IT systems, to how to conduct risk assessments and how to obtain certifications, to future trends in legislative and regulatory issues affecting industrial security.
Author: Edward J. M. Colbert,Alexander Kott
This book provides a comprehensive overview of the fundamental security of Industrial Control Systems (ICSs), including Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) systems and touching on cyber-physical systems in general. Careful attention is given to providing the reader with clear and comprehensive background and reference material for each topic pertinent to ICS security. This book offers answers to such questions as: Which specific operating and security issues may lead to a loss of efficiency and operation? What methods can be used to monitor and protect my system? How can I design my system to reduce threats?This book offers chapters on ICS cyber threats, attacks, metrics, risk, situational awareness, intrusion detection, and security testing, providing an advantageous reference set for current system owners who wish to securely configure and operate their ICSs. This book is appropriate for non-specialists as well. Tutorial information is provided in two initial chapters and in the beginnings of other chapters as needed. The book concludes with advanced topics on ICS governance, responses to attacks on ICS, and future security of the Internet of Things.
From the Viewpoint of Close-Loop
Author: Peng Cheng,Heng Zhang,Jiming Chen
Publisher: CRC Press
Cyber Security for Industrial Control Systems: From the Viewpoint of Close-Loop provides a comprehensive technical guide on up-to-date new secure defending theories and technologies, novel design, and systematic understanding of secure architecture with practical applications. The book consists of 10 chapters, which are divided into three parts. The first three chapters extensively introduce secure state estimation technologies, providing a systematic presentation on the latest progress in security issues regarding state estimation. The next five chapters focus on the design of secure feedback control technologies in industrial control systems, displaying an extraordinary difference from that of traditional secure defending approaches from the viewpoint of network and communication. The last two chapters elaborate on the systematic secure control architecture and algorithms for various concrete application scenarios. The authors provide detailed descriptions on attack model and strategy analysis, intrusion detection, secure state estimation and control, game theory in closed-loop systems, and various cyber security applications. The book is useful to anyone interested in secure theories and technologies for industrial control systems.
Author: Pascal Ackerman
Category: Automatic machinery
Your one-step guide to understanding industrial cyber security, its control systems, and its operations.About This Book* Learn about endpoint protection such as anti-malware implementation, updating, monitoring, and sanitizing user workloads and mobile devices* Filled with practical examples to help you secure critical infrastructure systems efficiently* A step-by-step guide that will teach you the techniques and methodologies of building robust infrastructure systemsWho This Book Is ForIf you are a security professional and want to ensure a robust environment for critical infrastructure systems, this book is for you. IT professionals interested in getting into the cyber security domain or who are looking at gaining industrial cyber security certifications will also find this book useful. What You Will Learn* Understand industrial cybersecurity, its control systems and operations* Design security-oriented architectures, network segmentation, and security support services* Configure event monitoring systems, anti-malware applications, and endpoint security* Gain knowledge of ICS risks, threat detection, and access management* Learn about patch management and life cycle management* Secure your industrial control systems from design through retirementIn DetailWith industries expanding, cyber attacks have increased significantly. Understanding your control system's vulnerabilities and learning techniques to defend critical infrastructure systems from cyber threats is increasingly important. With the help of real-world use cases, this book will teach you the methodologies and security measures necessary to protect critical infrastructure systems and will get you up to speed with identifying unique challenges.Industrial cybersecurity begins by introducing Industrial Control System (ICS) technology, including ICS architectures, communication media, and protocols. This is followed by a presentation on ICS (in) security. After presenting an ICS-related attack scenario, securing of the ICS is discussed, including topics such as network segmentation, defense-in-depth strategies, and protective solutions. Along with practical examples for protecting industrial control systems, this book details security assessments, risk management, and security program development. It also covers essential cybersecurity aspects, such as threat detection and access management. Topics related to endpoint hardening such as monitoring, updating, and anti-malware implementations are also discussed.Style and approachA step-by-step guide to implement Industrial Cyber Security effectively.
Securing Critical Infrastructure Networks for Smart Grid, SCADA, and Other Industrial Control Systems
Author: Eric D. Knapp,Joel Thomas Langill
Industrial Network Security: Securing Critical Infrastructure Networks for Smart Grid, SCADA, and Other Industrial Control Systems describes an approach to ensure the security of industrial networks by taking into account the unique network, protocol, and application characteristics of an industrial control system, along with various compliance controls. It offers guidance on deployment and configuration, and it explains why, where, and how security controls should be implemented. Divided into 11 chapters, the book explains the basics of Ethernet and Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) networking communications and the SCADA and field bus protocols. It also discusses industrial networks as they relate to “critical infrastructure and cyber security, potential risks and consequences of a cyber attack against an industrial control system, compliance controls in relation to network security practices, industrial network protocols, such as Modbus and DNP3, assessment of vulnerabilities and risk, how to secure enclaves, regulatory compliance standards applicable to industrial network security, and common pitfalls and mistakes, like complacency and deployment errors. This book is a valuable resource for plant operators and information security analysts, as well as compliance officers who want to pass an audit with minimal penalties and/or fines. Covers implementation guidelines for security measures of critical infrastructure Applies the security measures for system-specific compliance Discusses common pitfalls and mistakes and how to avoid them
Improving Industrial Control Systems Cybersecurity with Defense-In-Depth Strategies
Author: U. S. Department U.S. Department of Homeland Security
Industrial control systems are an integral part of critical infrastructure, helping facilitate operations in vital sectors such as electricity, oil and gas, water, transportation, and chemical. A growing issue with cybersecurity and its impact on industrial control systems have highlighted some fundamental risks to critical infrastructures. To address cybersecurity issues for industrial control systems, a clear understanding of the security challenges and specific defensive countermeasures is required. A holistic approach, one that uses specific countermeasures to create an aggregated security posture, can help defend against cybersecurity threats and vulnerabilities that affect an industrial control system. This approach, often referred to as "defense-in-depth," can be applied to industrial control systems and can provide for a flexible and useable framework for improving cybersecurity defenses. Concerns in regard to cybersecurity and control systems are related to both the legacy nature of some of the systems as well as the growing trend to connect industrial control systems to other networks. These concerns have lead to a number of identified vulnerabilities and have introduced new categories of threats that have not been seen before in the industrial control systems domain. Many of the legacy systems may not have appropriate security capabilities that can defend against modern day threats, and the requirements for availability can preclude using contemporary cybersecurity solutions. An industrial control system's connectivity to a corporate, vendor, or peer network can exacerbate this problem. This book provides insight into some of the more prominent cyber risk issues and presents them in the context of industrial control systems. It provides commentary on how mitigations strategies can be developed for specific problems and provides direction on how to create a defense-in-depth security program for control system environments. The goal is to provide guidance regarding cyber mitigation strategies and how to apply them specifically to an industrial control systems environment.
Author: Robert Radvanovsky,Jacob Brodsky
Publisher: CRC Press
The availability and security of many services we rely upon—including water treatment, electricity, healthcare, transportation, and financial transactions—are routinely put at risk by cyber threats. The Handbook of SCADA/Control Systems Security is a fundamental outline of security concepts, methodologies, and relevant information pertaining to the supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) systems and technology that quietly operate in the background of critical utility and industrial facilities worldwide. Divided into five sections, the book examines topics comprising functions within and throughout industrial control systems (ICS) environments. Topics include: Emerging trends and threat factors that plague the ICS security community Risk methodologies and principles that can be applied to safeguard and secure an automated operation Methods for determining events leading to a cyber incident, and methods for restoring and mitigating issues—including the importance of critical communications The necessity and reasoning behind implementing a governance or compliance program A strategic roadmap for the development of a secured SCADA/control systems environment, with examples Relevant issues concerning the maintenance, patching, and physical localities of ICS equipment How to conduct training exercises for SCADA/control systems The final chapters outline the data relied upon for accurate processing, discusses emerging issues with data overload, and provides insight into the possible future direction of ISC security. The book supplies crucial information for securing industrial automation/process control systems as part of a critical infrastructure protection program. The content has global applications for securing essential governmental and economic systems that have evolved into present-day security nightmares. The authors present a "best practices" approach to securing business management environments at the strategic, tactical, and operational levels.
How to Achieve Reliable Control After Stuxnet
Author: Ralph Langner
From the researcher who was one of the first to identify and analyze the infamous industrial control system malware "Stuxnet," comes a book that takes a new, radical approach to making Industrial control systems safe from such cyber attacks: design the controls systems themselves to be "robust." Other security experts advocate risk management, implementing more firewalls and carefully managing passwords and access. Not so this book: those measures, while necessary, can still be circumvented. Instead, this book shows in clear, concise detail how a system that has been set up with an eye toward quality design in the first place is much more likely to remain secure and less vulnerable to hacking, sabotage or malicious control. It blends several well-established concepts and methods from control theory, systems theory, cybernetics and quality engineering to create the ideal protected system. The book's maxim is taken from the famous quality engineer William Edwards Deming, "If I had to reduce my message to management to just a few words, I'd say it all has to do with reducing variation." Highlights include: - An overview of the problem of "cyber fragility" in industrial control systems How to make an industrial control system "robust," including principal design objectives and overall strategic planning Why using the methods of quality engineering like the Taguchi method, SOP and UML will help to design more "armored" industrial control systems
Author: Clint Bodungen,Bryan Singer,Aaron Shbeeb,Kyle Wilhoit,Stephen Hilt
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education
Secure your ICS and SCADA systems the battle-tested Hacking ExposedTM way This hands-on guide exposes the devious methods cyber threat actors use to compromise the hardware and software central to petroleum pipelines, electrical grids, and nuclear refineries. Hacking Exposed Industrial Control Systems: ICS and SCADA Security Secrets and Solutions shows, step-by-step, how to implement and maintain an ICS-focused risk mitigation framework that is targeted, efficient, and cost-effective. The book arms you with the skills necessary to defend against attacks that are debilitating―and potentially deadly. See how to assess risk, perform ICS-specific threat modeling, carry out penetration tests using “ICS safe” methods, and block malware. Throughout, the authors use case studies of notorious attacks to illustrate vulnerabilities alongside actionable, ready-to-deploy countermeasures. Learn how to: • Assess your exposure and develop an effective risk management plan • Adopt the latest ICS-focused threat intelligence techniques • Use threat modeling to create realistic risk scenarios • Implement a customized, low-impact ICS penetration-testing strategy • See how attackers exploit industrial protocols • Analyze and fortify ICS and SCADA devices and applications • Discover and eliminate undisclosed “zero-day” vulnerabilities • Detect, block, and analyze malware of all varieties
First Workshop, CyberICS 2015 and First Workshop, WOS-CPS 2015 Vienna, Austria, September 21–22, 2015 Revised Selected Papers
Author: Adrien Bécue,Nora Cuppens-Boulahia,Frédéric Cuppens,Sokratis Katsikas,Costas Lambrinoudakis
This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the First Conference on Cybersecurity of Industrial Control Systems, CyberICS 2015, and the First Workshop on the Security of Cyber Physical Systems, WOS-CPS 2015, held in Vienna, Austria, in September 2015 in conjunction with ESORICS 2015, the 20th annual European Symposium on Research in Computer Security. The 6 revised full papers and 2 short papers of CyberICS 2015 presented together with 3 revised full papers of WOS-CPS 2015 were carefully reviewed and selected from 28 initial submissions. CyberICS 2015 focuses on topics covering ICSs, including cyber protection and cyber defense of SCADA systems, plant control systems, engineering workstations, substation equipment, programmable logic controllers, PLCs, and other industrial control system. WOS-CPS 2015 deals with the Security of Cyber Physical Systems, that exist everywhere around us, and range in size, complexity and criticality, from embedded systems used in smart vehicles, to SCADA systems in smart grids to control systems in water distribution systems, to smart transportation systems etc.
Implementing Security Controls into the Modern Power Infrastructure
Author: Eric D. Knapp,Raj Samani
Many people think of the Smart Grid as a power distribution group built on advanced smart metering—but that’s just one aspect of a much larger and more complex system. The "Smart Grid" requires new technologies throughout energy generation, transmission and distribution, and even the homes and businesses being served by the grid. This also represents new information paths between these new systems and services, all of which represents risk, requiring a more thorough approach to where and how cyber security controls are implemented. This insight provides a detailed architecture of the entire Smart Grid, with recommended cyber security measures for everything from the supply chain to the consumer. Discover the potential of the Smart Grid Learn in depth about its systems See its vulnerabilities and how best to protect it
Powering the Modern Organization
Author: Mansur Hasib
Publisher: Tomorrow's Strategy Today, LLC
Category: Business & Economics
"The insights ... go beyond cyber security alone to examine the critical concepts and often misunderstood distinction between leadership and management. This should be required reading on every college campus." - Collin Smith, CISSP - Cybersecurity Professional. "...this book will change both the way we think about leadership and the way we understand information technology. I recommend this book highly to everyone." - Eric Schwartz - Executive Director at Advena World LLC and Adjunct Professor in Economics at Montgomery College. "...explains what an organization needs to know to implement cybersecurity governance." Council of Graduate Schools Testimony at the US Senate Appropriations Committee Meeting, April 29, 2014. "...exposes the common faults with which we are all struggling in this industry. It's humorous ... engaging, and I feel helps a reader question their own approaches. I was originally looking for a compendium that works as collateral reading for Cyber Security training courses, and I found it. I genuinely recommend this work tool." - David Bickel - Chief Information Security Officer, Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, State of Maryland. Written by one of the leading global thought leaders in cybersecurity with 30 years of practical experience in the field, this book addresses the most neglected area of cybersecurity -- cybersecurity governance -- the management, leadership, and engagement of people for the purposes of cybersecurity. This book is an essential book for anyone interested in understanding how cybersecurity should be led in an organization. All business executives or students at any level will benefit from this book. Cybersecurity can be a source of productivity and innovation and be a revenue driver. The leadership principles are applicable in any field and in any organization.
Proceedings of KKA 2017—The 19th Polish Control Conference, Kraków, Poland, June 18–21, 2017
Author: Wojciech Mitkowski,Janusz Kacprzyk,Krzysztof Oprzędkiewicz,Paweł Skruch
This volume contains the proceedings of the KKA 2017 – the 19th Polish Control Conference, organized by the Department of Automatics and Biomedical Engineering, AGH University of Science and Technology in Kraków, Poland on June 18–21, 2017, under the auspices of the Committee on Automatic Control and Robotics of the Polish Academy of Sciences, and the Commission for Engineering Sciences of the Polish Academy of Arts and Sciences. Part 1 deals with general issues of modeling and control, notably flow modeling and control, sliding mode, predictive, dual, etc. control. In turn, Part 2 focuses on optimization, estimation and prediction for control. Part 3 is concerned with autonomous vehicles, while Part 4 addresses applications. Part 5 discusses computer methods in control, and Part 6 examines fractional order calculus in the modeling and control of dynamic systems. Part 7 focuses on modern robotics. Part 8 deals with modeling and identification, while Part 9 deals with problems related to security, fault detection and diagnostics. Part 10 explores intelligent systems in automatic control, and Part 11 discusses the use of control tools and techniques in biomedical engineering. Lastly, Part 12 considers engineering education and teaching with regard to automatic control and robotics.
Approaches for Threat Protection
Author: Laing, Christopher
Publisher: IGI Global
The increased use of technology is necessary in order for industrial control systems to maintain and monitor industrial, infrastructural, or environmental processes. The need to secure and identify threats to the system is equally critical. Securing Critical Infrastructures and Critical Control Systems: Approaches for Threat Protection provides a full and detailed understanding of the vulnerabilities and security threats that exist within an industrial control system. This collection of research defines and analyzes the technical, procedural, and managerial responses to securing these systems.
Author: Ronald L. Krutz
Publisher: International Society of Automation
Author: William T. Shaw
Publisher: PennWell Books
Category: Business & Economics
SCADA technology quietly operates in the background of critical utility and industrial facilities nationwide. "Cybersecurity for SCADA Systems" provides a high-level overview of this unique technology, with an explanation of each market segment. Readers will understand the vital issues, and learn strategies for decreasing or eliminating system vulnerabilities.
Analysis for Design and Manufacturing
Author: Lane Thames,Dirk Schaefer
This book introduces readers to cybersecurity and its impact on the realization of the Industry 4.0 vision. It covers the technological foundations of cybersecurity within the scope of the Industry 4.0 landscape and details the existing cybersecurity threats faced by Industry 4.0, as well as state-of-the-art solutions with regard to both academic research and practical implementations. Industry 4.0 and its associated technologies, such as the Industrial Internet of Things and cloud-based design and manufacturing systems are examined, along with their disruptive innovations. Further, the book analyzes how these phenomena capitalize on the economies of scale provided by the Internet. The book offers a valuable resource for practicing engineers and decision makers in industry, as well as researchers in the design and manufacturing communities and all those interested in Industry 4.0 and cybersecurity.