Dangerous Earth

an introduction to geologic hazards

Author: Barbara Winifred Murck,Brian J. Skinner,Stephen C. Porter

Publisher: Wiley

ISBN: N.A

Category: Nature

Page: 300

View: 8489

This book contains complete coverage of the geologic processes behind major natural hazards: earthquakes, volcanoes, landslides, floods, and hurricanes. It also provides an absorbing exploration of the human-planet relationship, describing how Earth processes influence our lives on a daily basis and how human actions alter the natural functioning of Earth systems. It explains how to distinguish the effects of anthropogenic change from natural change and predict the impact of both. Focuses on the geological concepts behind disasters. Includes the risk assessment themes, hazard reduction focus, and such topics as snow avalanches, blizzards, major fires, coastal floodings, and meteorite impacts. Incorporates examples from around the world to provide a global focus.

Earthquakes

Plate Tectonics and Earthquake Hazards

Author: Timothy Kusky,Timothy M. Kusky

Publisher: Infobase Publishing

ISBN: 0816064628

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 169

View: 3930

"Explores the furious impact of nature and the massive devastation that is often the result of the relentless forces built up within the Earth"--P. [4] of cover.

Geological Hazards

A Sourcebook

Author: Timothy M. Kusky

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9781573564694

Category: Science

Page: 297

View: 7472

Looks at the scientific principles of a variety of natural geological processes, including earthquakes, droughts, volcanoes, and floods.

Encyclopedia of Earth Science

Author: New York Academy of Sciences,Timothy M. Kusky

Publisher: Infobase Publishing

ISBN: 1438110049

Category: Earth sciences

Page: 529

View: 5499

Presents an illustrated A to Z reference with approximately 700 entries on topics in the earth sciences including hydrology, geology, atmospheric sciences, oceanography, and more.

Encyclopedia of Earth and Space Science

Author: Timothy M. Kusky,Katherine E. Cullen

Publisher: Infobase Publishing

ISBN: 1438128592

Category: Earth sciences

Page: 873

View: 6505

Provides a comprehensive reference for Earth and space sciences, including entries on climate change, stellar evolution, tsunamis, renewable energy options, and mass wasting.

GEOGRAPHY - Volume I

Author: Maria Sala

Publisher: EOLSS Publications

ISBN: 190583960X

Category:

Page: 482

View: 9158

Geography is a component of Encyclopedia of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. Geographical perceptions can be traced from very ancient cultures, although geography as a science started its development during the eighteen century, it was firmly established after the Darwinian revolution and many of its fundamentals appeared during the nineteenth century. The history of geography is closely connected with the history of human society Geography embraces both the physical and human worlds, and aims to bridge natural and human sciences. For a geographer, although the environment and its conservation is a crucial item, it is also fundamentally concerned with the living standards of humankind. Although its wide embrace may be seen as a weakness, diversification is also strength and an attraction. Approaches are multidisciplinary, exploring the complex linkages between the cultural and the natural. These favor cross-cultural communication and mutual understanding at a global scale. There is a geographical basis to most of the outstanding political problems, and geographical reasons to explain them. The subject matter of the geography theme is presented basically on how the subject matter is taught presently at the universities, and following the many paths its practitioners are following in doing research. It introduces modern subject matters and goes much further than a simple description of places and travels. The theme has been divided into four main topics: Foundations, Physical Geography, Human Geography, and Technical matters. The scope of the foundation topic is to present an overview of the basis of the geographical field, its scope, history, methods, and its importance in education. The chapters included are Main Stages of the Development, Theory and Methods, and Geographical Education. The Physical Geography topic includes the historical background of the geographical study of the Earth natural environment, and the main fields cultivated by geographers. It consists of eight chapters on basic research fields, which are Geomorphology, Climatology, Hydrology, Biogeography, Soil Geography, Coastal Systems, Ocean Geography, Mountain Geoecology, and two chapters on environmental issues: Natural Hazards and Land Degradation and Desertification. In the Human Geography topic six chapters discuss the more current fields, that is: Population, Cultural and Social, Agricultural and Rural, Industries and Transport, Economic Activities and Urban Geography. Three chapters present subjects developed more recently: Medical, Political and Tourism geographies. Finally, the Regional approach is presented as the most traditional and integrative field. These volumes are aimed at the following five major target audiences: University and College students Educators, Professional practitioners, Research personnel and Policy analysts, managers, and decision makers and NGOs.

California Geology

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Geology

Page: N.A

View: 5836

Changing the Face of Earth

Engineering Geomorphology : Proceedings of the 28th Binghamton Symposium in Geomorphology, Held 28 August to 3 September 1997 in Bologna

Author: John R. Giardino,Richard A. Marston,Marie Morisawa

Publisher: Elsevier Science

ISBN: 9780444503015

Category: Science

Page: 439

View: 626

Hardbound. This volume, a compilation of papers presented at the 28th Binghamton Symposium held in Bologna, Italy, focusses on the role of geomorphology and the interface between engineering and geomorphology. Providing an overview of the changing face of the Earth, this collection of timely contributions encompasses the challenges of engineering geomorphology through a focus on accomplishments, opportunities and directions for the future of this field. The book presents a broad, international perspective on current concepts and techniques in engineering geomorphology.

European Geologist

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Geology

Page: N.A

View: 532

Mitigation of Dangers from Natural and Anthropogenic Hazards

Prediction, Prevention, and Preparedness

Author: Frederic R. Siegel

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319388754

Category: Nature

Page: 127

View: 4842

This book advances a three-step program for mitigation of natural and anthropogenic hazards, addressing mitigation economics and funding possibilities to meet the needs of at risk countries that lack the financial resources to invest in disaster reduction programs. Within the context of mitigation, this book covers prediction-prevention-preparedness for global warming/climate change as existing and progressive processes that create or abet slow developing or rapidly occurring hazards that endanger society such as sea level rise, extreme weather events, threats to food/water security, and the spread of infectious diseases.

Solid-Earth Sciences and Society

Author: Committee on the Status and Research Objectives in the Solid-Earth Sciences,Commission on Geosciences, Environment and Resources,Division on Earth and Life Studies,National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309544114

Category: Science

Page: 335

View: 7809

As environmental problems move upward on the public agenda, our knowledge of the earth's systems and how to sustain the habitability of our world becomes more critical. This volume reports on the state of earth science and outlines a research agenda, with priorities keyed to the real-world challenges facing human society. The product of four years of development with input from more than 200 earth-science specialists, the volume offers a wealth of historical background and current information on Plate tectonics, volcanism, and other heat-generated earth processes. Evolution of our global environment and of life itself, as revealed in the fossil record. Human exploitation of water, fossil fuels, and minerals. Interaction between human populations and the earth's surface, discussing the role we play in earth's systems and the dangers we face from natural hazards such as earthquakes and landslides. This volume offers a comprehensive look at how earth science is currently practiced and what should be done to train professionals and adequately equip them to find the answers necessary to manage more effectively the earth's systems. This well-organized and practical book will be of immediate interest to solid-earth scientists, researchers, and college and high school faculty, as well as policymakers in the environmental arena.

Volcanoes

Author: Timothy M. Kusky

Publisher: Infobase Publishing

ISBN: 1438117647

Category: Electronic books

Page: 177

View: 1199

Volcanic eruptions are some of the spectacular of natural phenomena, yet they are also among the dangerous geological hazards. This book examines the different types of volcanic eruptions - starting with an introduction to volcanoes, volcanic landforms, and plate tectonics, followed by a description of the various characteristics of magma.

Evaluation of Uncertainties and Risks in Geology

New Mathematical Approaches for their Handling

Author: György Bardossy,János Fodor

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 366207138X

Category: Science

Page: 221

View: 5301

High levels of uncertainty are a trademark of geological investigations, such as the search for oil, diamonds, and uranium. So business ventures related to geology, such as mineral exploration and mining, are naturally associated with higher risks than more traditional entrepreneurial ventures in industry and economy. There are also a number of dangerous natural hazards, e.g. earthquakes, volcanic activities, and inundations, that are the direct result of geological processes. It is of paramount interest to study them all, to describe them, to understand their origin and - if possible - to predict them. While uncertainties, geological risks and natural hazards are often mentioned in geological textbooks, conferences papers, and articles, no comprehensive and systematic evaluation has so far been attempted. This book, written at an appropriately sophisticated level to deal with complexity of these problems, presents a detailed evaluation of the entire problem, discussing it from both, the geological and the mathematical aspects.

Predictive Geology

With Emphasis on Nuclear-Waste Disposal

Author: Ghislain De Marsily,Daniel F Merriam

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483165477

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 222

View: 2333

Predictive Geology: With Emphasis on Nuclear-Waste Disposal covers the proceedings of papers presented at sessions sponsored by the International Association for Mathematical Geology. The topics that this book tackles are issues relevant to nuclear-waste disposal. The first chapter discusses the use of plate tectonics as a catastrophe theoretic model, and the second chapter covers geologic predictions and radioactive waste disposal. Chapter 3 also talks about radioactive waste disposal, with emphasis on the application of predictive geology. Chapter 4 discusses salt domes and Chapter 5 tackles the use of fault-tree analysis for probabilistic assessment of radioactive-waste segregation. The sixth chapter covers predictive geology in nuclear-waste management, while the seventh chapter tackles nuclear power on unstable ground. The eighth chapter deals with long-term thermohydrologic behavior of nuclear-waste repositories. Chapter 9 discusses the influence of faulting on groundwater flow and contaminant transport, while chapter 10 covers the influence of microfissures in crystalline rock on radionuclide migration. The eleventh chapter tackles the long-term prediction of the fate of nuclear waste deeply buried in granite, and the twelfth chapter talks about the use of quantitative evaluation of the contribution of geologic knowledge in exploration for petroleum. The last chapter deals with resource-estimation models and predicted discovery. Researchers and professionals concerned with the effects of radioactive materials to the environment will find this book a great source of information.

Zehn Milliarden

Author: Stephen Emmott

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783518465608

Category:

Page: 204

View: 2867