Data and Models in Action

Methodological Issues in Production Ecology

Author: A. Stein,F.W. Penning de Vries

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401592179

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 180

View: 1020

Under leadership of CT de Wit a large amount of modeling, building prototypes and also application, was carried out in the 1970s and 1980s. Comprehensive models were built, evaluated and carefully documented in the areas of crop growth production, plant breeding, soil water and nutrients, and in crop protection. Simulation techniques and biophysical theories developed in parallel. Simulation and experimentation always went hand in hand. Much of this work is documented in a long series of PhD theses under supervision of De Wit, in the series of Simulation Monographs (PUDOC), and in numerous other publications. This work has inspired many scientists across the global science community. The CT de Wit Graduate School of Production Ecology (PE) of the Wageningen University builds further on this platform and finds new subjects for research on and with models, and data. The PE platform provides also an excellent opportunity to develop contacts, cooperation and joint software with research groups in related fields and abroad. This book precipitates from such an exploration in new directions. We realize that modem information systems and statistics can offer a substantial contribution to the modelling framework. Good examples can be found here, and these provide a clear direction for the years to come.

Advanced Data Analysis and Modelling in Chemical Engineering

Author: Denis Constales,Gregory S. Yablonsky,Dagmar R. D'hooge,Joris W. Thybaut,Guy B. Marin

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0444594841

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 414

View: 2006

Advanced Data Analysis and Modeling in Chemical Engineering provides the mathematical foundations of different areas of chemical engineering and describes typical applications. The book presents the key areas of chemical engineering, their mathematical foundations, and corresponding modeling techniques. Modern industrial production is based on solid scientific methods, many of which are part of chemical engineering. To produce new substances or materials, engineers must devise special reactors and procedures, while also observing stringent safety requirements and striving to optimize the efficiency jointly in economic and ecological terms. In chemical engineering, mathematical methods are considered to be driving forces of many innovations in material design and process development. Presents the main mathematical problems and models of chemical engineering and provides the reader with contemporary methods and tools to solve them Summarizes in a clear and straightforward way, the contemporary trends in the interaction between mathematics and chemical engineering vital to chemical engineers in their daily work Includes classical analytical methods, computational methods, and methods of symbolic computation Covers the latest cutting edge computational methods, like symbolic computational methods

Data and Decision Sciences in Action

Proceedings of the Australian Society for Operations Research Conference 2016

Author: Ruhul Sarker,Hussein A. Abbass,Simon Dunstall,Philip Kilby,Richard Davis,Leon Young

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319559141

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 414

View: 4541

Offering a concise and multidisciplinary reference guide to the state of the art in Australian operations research, this book will be of great value to academics working in many disciplines associated with operations research, as well as industrial practitioners engaged in planning, scheduling and logistics. Over 60 papers, with topics ranging from academic research techniques and case studies to industrial and administrative best practices in operations research, address aspects such as: • optimization, combinatorial optimization, decision analysis, supply-chain management, queuing and routing, and project management; and • logistics, government, cyber security, health-care systems, mining and material processing, ergonomics and human factors, space applications, telecommunications and transportation, among many others. This book presents the Proceedings of the National Conference of the Australian Society for Operations Research, the premier professional organization for Australian academics and practitioners working in optimization and other disciplines related to operations research. The conference was held in Canberra in November 2016.

PMML in Action

Unleashing the Power of Open Standards for Data Mining and Predictive Analytics

Author: Alex Guazzelli,Wen-Ching Lin,Tridivesh Jena

Publisher: CreateSpace

ISBN: 9781452858265

Category: Computers

Page: 172

View: 6123

PMML (Predictive Model Markup Language) is the de facto standard used to represent and share predictive analytic solutions between applications. This enables data mining scientists and users alike to easily build, visualize, and deploy their solutions using different platforms and systems. This book presents PMML from a practical perspective. It contains a variety of code snippets so that concepts are made clear through the use of examples."PMML in Action" is a great way to learn how to represent your predictive models through a mature open standard. The book is divided into six parts, taking you into a PMML journey in which language elements and attributes are used to represent not only modeling techniques but also data transformations. With PMML, users benefit from a single and concise standard to represent data and models, thus avoiding the need for custom code and proprietary solutions.You too can join the PMML movement! Unleash the power of predictive analytics and data mining today!

Statistical Models in S

Author: T.J. Hastie

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351414224

Category: Mathematics

Page: 624

View: 7515

Statistical Models in S extends the S language to fit and analyze a variety of statistical models, including analysis of variance, generalized linear models, additive models, local regression, and tree-based models. The contributions of the ten authors-most of whom work in the statistics research department at AT&T Bell Laboratories-represent results of research in both the computational and statistical aspects of modeling data.

How Teachers Can Turn Data into Action

Author: Daniel R. Venables

Publisher: ASCD

ISBN: 1416618805

Category: Education

Page: 149

View: 9929

" From state and Common Core tests to formative and summative assessments in the classroom, teachers are awash in data. Reviewing the data can be time-consuming, and the work of translating data into real change can seem overwhelming. Tapping more than 30 years' experience as an award-winning teacher and a trainer of PLC coaches, Daniel R. Venables, author of The Practice of Authentic PLCs: A Guide to Effective Teacher Teams, soothes the trepidation of even the biggest ""dataphobes"" in this essential resource. Field-tested and fine-tuned with professional learning communities around the United States, the Data Action Model is a teacher-friendly, systematic process for reviewing and responding to data in cycles of two to nine weeks. This powerful tool enables you and your teacher team to * Identify critical gaps in learning and corresponding instructional gaps; * Collaborate on solutions and develop a goal-driven action plan; and * Evaluate the plan's effectiveness after implementation and determine the next course of action. With easy-to-use templates and protocols to focus and deepen data conversations, this indispensable guide delineates exactly what should be accomplished in each team meeting to translate data into practice. In the modern sea of data, this book is your life preserver!

Instructional Theories in Action

Lessons Illustrating Selected Theories and Models

Author: Charles M. Reigeluth

Publisher: Routledge


Category: Education

Page: 343

View: 2869

Companion volume to the award-winning best seller Instructional Design Theories and Models, this book serves as a concrete introduction to instructional design for curriculum developers, teachers and teacher trainers, and students. Eight major theorists translate their works and theories into sets of instructional prescriptions; corresponding model lessons provide step-by-step illustrations of these theories. Instructional Theories in Action features: *overviews of the most important prescriptions and corresponding sample lesson plans written by the original theorists; *practical, concrete approaches to presenting the major strategies and principles; *model lessons focusing on the same objectives to facilitate comparisons of the theories; *numbered comments that identify which instructional prescription is being implemented at each point of the sample lessons; *chapter introductions, footnotes, and student study questions, and *clear identification and cross referencing of commonalities that are often masked by varying terminology.

R in Action

Data Analysis and Graphics with R

Author: Robert Kabacoff

Publisher: Manning Publications

ISBN: 9781617291388

Category: Computers

Page: 475

View: 7165

R is a powerful language for statistical computing and graphics that can handle virtually any data-crunching task. It runs on all important platforms and provides thousands of useful specialized modules and utilities. This makes R a great way to get meaningful information from mountains of raw data. R in Action, Second Edition is a language tutorial focused on practical problems. Written by a research methodologist, it takes a direct and modular approach to quickly give readers the information they need to produce useful results. Focusing on realistic data analyses and a comprehensive integration of graphics, it follows the steps that real data analysts use to acquire their data, get it into shape, analyze it, and produce meaningful results that they can provide to clients. Purchase of the print book comes with an offer of a free PDF eBook from Manning. Also available is all code from the book.

Models of Action

Mechanisms for Adaptive Behavior

Author: Clive D.L. Wynne,John E.R. Staddon

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 1134787502

Category: Psychology

Page: 336

View: 3069

This volume presents an international group of researchers who model animal and human behavior--both simple and complex. The models presented focus on such subjects as the pattern of eating in meals and bouts, the energizing and shaping impact of reinforcers on behavior, transitive inferential reasoning, responding to a compound stimulus, avoidance and escape learning, recognition memory, category formation, generalization, the timing of adaptive responses, and chromosomes exchanging information. The chapters are united by a common interest in adaptive behavior--whether of human, animal, or artificial system--and clearly demonstrate the rich variety of ways in which this fascinating area of research can be approached. In so doing, the book demonstrates the range of thought that qualifies as theorizing in the contemporary study of the mechanisms of adaptive behavior. It has two purposes: to bring together a very wide range of approaches in one place and to give authors space to explain how their ideas developed. Journal literature often presents fully-formed theories with no explanation of how an idea came to have the shape in which it is presented. In this volume, however, leaders in different fields provide background on the development of their ideas. Where once psychologists and a few zoologists had this field to themselves, now various types of computer scientists have added great energy to the mix.

Toward a Structural Theory of Action

Network Models of Social Structure, Perception and Action

Author: Peter H. Rossi

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 1483288277

Category: Social Science

Page: 381

View: 336

Toward a Structural Theory of Action: Network Models of Social Structure, Perception, and Action centers on the concept of social structure, perceptions, and actions, as well as the strategies through which these concepts guide empirical research. This book also proposes a model of status/role-sets as patterns of relationships defining positions in the social topology. This text consists of nine chapters separated into three parts. Chapter 1 introduces the goals and organization of the book. Chapters 2-4 provide analytical synopsis of available network models of social differentiation, and then use these models in describing actual stratification. Chapter 5 presents a model in which actor interests are captured. Subsequent chapter assesses the empirical adequacy of the two predictions described in this book. Then, other chapters provide a network model of constraint and its empirical adequacy. This book will be valuable to anthropologists, economists, political scientists, and psychologists.

The Economics of Inaction

Stochastic Control Models with Fixed Costs

Author: Nancy L. Stokey

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 0691135053

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 308

View: 7263

In The Economics of Inaction, leading economist Nancy Stokey shows how the tools of stochastic control can be applied to dynamic problems of decision making under uncertainty when fixed costs are present. Stokey provides a self-contained, rigorous, and clear treatment of two types of models, impulse and instantaneous control. She presents the relevant results about Brownian motion and other diffusion processes, develops methods for analyzing each type of problem, and discusses applications to price setting, investment, and durable goods purchases."--pub. desc.

Models for Planning Wildlife Conservation in Large Landscapes

Author: Joshua Millspaugh,Frank R. Thompson

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780080920160

Category: Nature

Page: 720

View: 5873

A single-resource volume of information on the most current and effective techniques of wildlife modeling, Models for Planning Wildlife Conservation in Large Landscapes is appropriate for students and researchers alike. The unique blend of conceptual, methodological, and application chapters discusses research, applications and concepts of modeling and presents new ideas and strategies for wildlife habitat models used in conservation planning. The book makes important contributions to wildlife conservation of animals in several ways: (1) it highlights historical and contemporary advancements in the development of wildlife habitat models and their implementation in conservation planning; (2) it provides practical advice for the ecologist conducting such studies; and (3) it supplies directions for future research including new strategies for successful studies. Intended to provide a recipe for successful development of wildlife habitat models and their implementation in conservation planning, the book could be used in studying wildlife habitat models, conservation planning, and management techniques. Additionally it may be a supplemental text in courses dealing with quantitative assessment of wildlife populations. Additionally, the length of the book would be ideal for graduate student seminar course. Using wildlife habitat models in conservation planning is of considerable interest to wildlife biologists. With ever tightening budgets for wildlife research and planning activities, there is a growing need to use computer methods. Use of simulation models represents the single best alternative. However, it is imperative that these techniques be described in a single source. Moreover, biologists should be made aware of alternative modeling techniques. It is also important that practical guidance be provided to biologists along with a demonstration of utility of these procedures. Currently there is little guidance in the wildlife or natural resource planning literature on how best to incorporate wildlife planning activities, particularly community-based approaches. Now is the perfect time for a synthestic publication that clearly outlines the concepts and available methods, and illustrates them. Only single resource book of information not only on various wildlife modeling techniques, but also with practical guidance on the demonstrated utility of each based on real-world conditions. Provides concepts, methods and applications for wildlife ecologists and others within a GIS context. Written by a team of subject-area experts

The R Book

Author: Michael J. Crawley

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118448960

Category: Mathematics

Page: 1080

View: 6634

Hugely successful and popular text presenting an extensive and comprehensive guide for all R users The R language is recognized as one of the most powerful and flexible statistical software packages, enabling users to apply many statistical techniques that would be impossible without such software to help implement such large data sets. R has become an essential tool for understanding and carrying out research. This edition: Features full colour text and extensive graphics throughout. Introduces a clear structure with numbered section headings to help readers locate information more efficiently. Looks at the evolution of R over the past five years. Features a new chapter on Bayesian Analysis and Meta-Analysis. Presents a fully revised and updated bibliography and reference section. Is supported by an accompanying website allowing examples from the text to be run by the user. Praise for the first edition: ‘…if you are an R user or wannabe R user, this text is the one that should be on your shelf. The breadth of topics covered is unsurpassed when it comes to texts on data analysis in R.’ (The American Statistician, August 2008) ‘The High-level software language of R is setting standards in quantitative analysis. And now anybody can get to grips with it thanks to The R Book…’ (Professional Pensions, July 2007)

A Vast Machine

Computer Models, Climate Data, and the Politics of Global Warming

Author: Paul N. Edwards

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262290715

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 546

View: 5357

Global warming skeptics often fall back on the argument that the scientific case for global warming is all model predictions, nothing but simulation; they warn us that we need to wait for real data, "sound science." In A Vast Machine Paul Edwards has news for these skeptics: without models, there are no data. Today, no collection of signals or observations -- even from satellites, which can "see" the whole planet with a single instrument -- becomes global in time and space without passing through a series of data models. Everything we know about the world's climate we know through models. Edwards offers an engaging and innovative history of how scientists learned to understand the atmosphere -- to measure it, trace its past, and model its future.

R for Data Science

Import, Tidy, Transform, Visualize, and Model Data

Author: Hadley Wickham,Garrett Grolemund

Publisher: "O'Reilly Media, Inc."

ISBN: 1491910364

Category: Computers

Page: 520

View: 2588

Learn how to use R to turn raw data into insight, knowledge, and understanding. This book introduces you to R, RStudio, and the tidyverse, a collection of R packages designed to work together to make data science fast, fluent, and fun. Suitable for readers with no previous programming experience, R for Data Science is designed to get you doing data science as quickly as possible. Authors Hadley Wickham and Garrett Grolemund guide you through the steps of importing, wrangling, exploring, and modeling your data and communicating the results. You’ll get a complete, big-picture understanding of the data science cycle, along with basic tools you need to manage the details. Each section of the book is paired with exercises to help you practice what you’ve learned along the way. You’ll learn how to: Wrangle—transform your datasets into a form convenient for analysis Program—learn powerful R tools for solving data problems with greater clarity and ease Explore—examine your data, generate hypotheses, and quickly test them Model—provide a low-dimensional summary that captures true "signals" in your dataset Communicate—learn R Markdown for integrating prose, code, and results

Methods and Models in Neurophysics

Author: C. C. Chow

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780444517920

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 829

View: 4572

Neuroscience is an interdisciplinary field that strives to understand the functioning of neural systems at levels ranging from biomolecules and cells to behaviour and higher brain functions (perception, memory, cognition). Neurophysics has flourished over the past three decades, becoming an indelible part of neuroscience, and has arguably entered its maturity. It encompasses a vast array of approaches stemming from theoretical physics, computer science, and applied mathematics. This book provides a detailed review of this field from basic concepts to its most recent development.

Methods and Models in Artificial and Natural Computation. A Homage to Professor Mira's Scientific Legacy

Third International Work-Conference on the Interplay Between Natural and Artificial Computation, IWINAC 2009, Santiago de Compostela, Spain, June 22-26, 2009, Proceedings

Author: Jose Mira,José M. Ferrández

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642022634

Category: Computers

Page: 530

View: 3045

The two-volume set LNCS 5601 and LNCS 5602 constitutes the refereed proceedings of the Third International Work-Conference on the Interplay between Natural and Artificial Computation, IWINAC 2009, held in Santiago de Compostela, Spain, in June 2009. The 108 revised papers presented are thematically divided into two volumes. The first volume includes papers relating the most recent collaborations with Professor Mira and contributions mainly related with theoretical, conceptual and methodological aspects linking AI and knowledge engineering with neurophysiology, clinics and cognition. The second volume contains all the contributions connected with biologically inspired methods and techniques for solving AI and knowledge engineering problems in different application domains.

Data Modelling and Process Modelling using the most popular Methods

Covering SSADM, Yourdon, Inforem, Bachman, Information Engineering and 'Activity/Object' Diagramming Techniques

Author: Rosemary Rock-Evans

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann

ISBN: 1483183807

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 384

View: 1270

Computer Weekly Professional Series: Data modeling and Process modeling: Using the Most Popular Methods focuses on the processes, methodologies, and approaches employed in data modeling and process modeling. The book first offers information on data modeling, how to do data modeling, and process modeling. Discussions focus on diagrammatic representation, main concepts of process modeling, merging the models, refining the data model, diagrammatic techniques, fundamental rules of data modeling, and other deliverables of data modeling. The text then examines how to do process modeling and improving a system using analysis deliverables. Topics include problems, causes and effects, events, obligations and objectives, verification methods, and refining the results. The manuscript reviews elementary activities, including structured text and access paths, updating the data model from the access paths and structured English, and other useful detailed deliverables of an elementary activity. The publication is a valuable source of data for researchers interested in data modeling and process modeling.

Methods and Models in Transport and Telecommunications

Cross Atlantic Perspectives

Author: Aura Reggiani

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540258599

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 364

View: 5191

The volume offers new insights into the modeling and analysis of transportation and telecommunication networks, utilizing perspectives from North America, Europe and other areas of the world. It probes interesting questions that can help us to understand the dynamics of our modern networked society: Do properties found in one network fail to exist in other networks and are there geographic factors that can explain this? Are there social, economic or cultural factors that contribute to differences in network properties and dynamics across regions? Can planning models such as those used for traffic forecasting or freight demand modeling be universally applied to networks situated in different regions, and how should this problem be dealt with when a system spans multiple spatial locations? What are the implications for policy analysis and decision-making? These issues are related to the need for a transatlantic synthesis of current transport methods and their applications. The book attempts to offer a prospectus in this respect, together with the emerging reflections on the desirable future evolution of research.

Metrics and Models in Software Quality Engineering

Author: Stephen H. Kan

Publisher: Addison-Wesley Professional

ISBN: 9780201729153

Category: Computers

Page: 528

View: 4067

Seven new chapters and exhaustive coverage of process improvement, testing, and quality assurance bulk up this new edition. The book contains numerous real-life examples based on the author's work at the Malcolm Baldrige Award-winning software development laboratory at IBM Rochester, MN.