Data and Models in Action

Methodological Issues in Production Ecology

Author: A. Stein,F.W. Penning de Vries

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401592179

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 180

View: 703

Under leadership of CT de Wit a large amount of modeling, building prototypes and also application, was carried out in the 1970s and 1980s. Comprehensive models were built, evaluated and carefully documented in the areas of crop growth production, plant breeding, soil water and nutrients, and in crop protection. Simulation techniques and biophysical theories developed in parallel. Simulation and experimentation always went hand in hand. Much of this work is documented in a long series of PhD theses under supervision of De Wit, in the series of Simulation Monographs (PUDOC), and in numerous other publications. This work has inspired many scientists across the global science community. The CT de Wit Graduate School of Production Ecology (PE) of the Wageningen University builds further on this platform and finds new subjects for research on and with models, and data. The PE platform provides also an excellent opportunity to develop contacts, cooperation and joint software with research groups in related fields and abroad. This book precipitates from such an exploration in new directions. We realize that modem information systems and statistics can offer a substantial contribution to the modelling framework. Good examples can be found here, and these provide a clear direction for the years to come.

Data and Decision Sciences in Action

Proceedings of the Australian Society for Operations Research Conference 2016

Author: Ruhul Sarker,Hussein A. Abbass,Simon Dunstall,Philip Kilby,Richard Davis,Leon Young

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319559141

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 414

View: 3859

Offering a concise and multidisciplinary reference guide to the state of the art in Australian operations research, this book will be of great value to academics working in many disciplines associated with operations research, as well as industrial practitioners engaged in planning, scheduling and logistics. Over 60 papers, with topics ranging from academic research techniques and case studies to industrial and administrative best practices in operations research, address aspects such as: • optimization, combinatorial optimization, decision analysis, supply-chain management, queuing and routing, and project management; and • logistics, government, cyber security, health-care systems, mining and material processing, ergonomics and human factors, space applications, telecommunications and transportation, among many others. This book presents the Proceedings of the National Conference of the Australian Society for Operations Research, the premier professional organization for Australian academics and practitioners working in optimization and other disciplines related to operations research. The conference was held in Canberra in November 2016.

Methods and Models in Artificial and Natural Computation. A Homage to Professor Mira's Scientific Legacy

Third International Work-Conference on the Interplay Between Natural and Artificial Computation, IWINAC 2009, Santiago de Compostela, Spain, June 22-26, 2009, Proceedings

Author: Jose Mira,José M. Ferrández,Jose-Ramon Alvarez Sanchez,Felix Paz,Javier Toledo

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642022634

Category: Computers

Page: 530

View: 4711

Continuing Professor Mira's Scienti?c Navigation Professor Jos´ e Mira passed away during the preparation of this edition of the International Work-Conference on the Interplay Between Natural and Arti?cial Computation. As a pioneer in the ?eld of cybernetics, he enthusiastically p- moted interdisciplinary research. The term cybernetics stems from the Greek K?? ???? ´ ?? (kybernetes), which means steersman, governor,or pilot, the same root as government. Cybernetics is a broad ?eld of study, but the essential goal ofcybernetics is to understandandde?ne the functions andprocessesofsystems that have goals, and promote circular, causal chains that move from action to sensing to comparison with a desired goal, and again to action. These de?- tions can be applied to Prof. Mira. He was a leader, a pilot, with a visionary and extraordinary capacity to guide his students and colleagues to the desired objective. In this way he promoted the study and understanding of biological functions for creating new computational paradigms able to solve known pr- lems in a more e?cient way than classical approaches. But he also impressed his magni?cent and generous character on all the researchers and friends that workedwith him, imprinting in all ofus high requirementsof excellence not only as scientists, but also as human beings. Weallrememberhisenthusiasticexplanationaboutthedomainsandlevelsin the computational paradigm(CP).

Software Language Engineering

Second International Conference, SLE 2009, Denver, CO, USA, October 5-6, 2009 Revised Selected Papers

Author: Mark van den Brand,Dragan Gasevic,Jeff Gray

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642121063

Category: Computers

Page: 390

View: 5744

This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed post-conference proceedings of the Second International Conference on Software Language Engineering, SLE 2009, held in Denver, CO, USA, in October 2009. The 15 revised full papers and 6 revised short paper presented together with 2 tool demonstration papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 75 initial submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on language and model evolution, variability and product lines, parsing, compilation, and demo, modularity in languages, and metamodeling and demo.

Methods and Models in Neurophysics

Author: C. C. Chow

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780444517920

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 829

View: 2193

Neuroscience is an interdisciplinary field that strives to understand the functioning of neural systems at levels ranging from biomolecules and cells to behaviour and higher brain functions (perception, memory, cognition). Neurophysics has flourished over the past three decades, becoming an indelible part of neuroscience, and has arguably entered its maturity. It encompasses a vast array of approaches stemming from theoretical physics, computer science, and applied mathematics. This book provides a detailed review of this field from basic concepts to its most recent development.

Methods and Models in Transport and Telecommunications

Cross Atlantic Perspectives

Author: Aura Reggiani

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540258599

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 364

View: 7595

The volume offers new insights into the modeling and analysis of transportation and telecommunication networks, utilizing perspectives from North America, Europe and other areas of the world. It probes interesting questions that can help us to understand the dynamics of our modern networked society: Do properties found in one network fail to exist in other networks and are there geographic factors that can explain this? Are there social, economic or cultural factors that contribute to differences in network properties and dynamics across regions? Can planning models such as those used for traffic forecasting or freight demand modeling be universally applied to networks situated in different regions, and how should this problem be dealt with when a system spans multiple spatial locations? What are the implications for policy analysis and decision-making? These issues are related to the need for a transatlantic synthesis of current transport methods and their applications. The book attempts to offer a prospectus in this respect, together with the emerging reflections on the desirable future evolution of research.

Applied Data Analysis and Modeling for Energy Engineers and Scientists

Author: T. Agami Reddy

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781441996138

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 430

View: 9576

Applied Data Analysis and Modeling for Energy Engineers and Scientists fills an identified gap in engineering and science education and practice for both students and practitioners. It demonstrates how to apply concepts and methods learned in disparate courses such as mathematical modeling, probability,statistics, experimental design, regression, model building, optimization, risk analysis and decision-making to actual engineering processes and systems. The text provides a formal structure that offers a basic, broad and unified perspective,while imparting the knowledge, skills and confidence to work in data analysis and modeling. This volume uses numerous solved examples, published case studies from the author’s own research, and well-conceived problems in order to enhance comprehension levels among readers and their understanding of the “processes”along with the tools.

Atomic Force Microscopy in Nanobiology

Author: Kunio Takeyasu

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9814411582

Category: Science

Page: 458

View: 8770

Recent developments in atomic force microscopy (AFM) have been accomplished through various technical and instrumental innovations, including high-resolution and recognition imaging technology under physiological conditions, fast-scanning AFM, and general methods for cantilever modification and force measurement. All these techniques are now highly powerful not only in material sciences but also in basic biological sciences. There are many nanotechnology books that focus on materials, instruments, and applications in engineering and medicine, but only a few of them are directed toward basic biological sciences. This book tries to bridge this gap. Edited by a prominent researcher, this volume provides an overview of modern AFM technologies: the basic AFM protocols in Part I, newly developed technologies in Part II, and the most recent applications of AFM technologies in biological sciences in Parts III and IV. The chapters are contributed by some of the leading scientists in the field of nanobiology.

Metrics and Models in Software Quality Engineering

Author: Stephen H. Kan

Publisher: Addison-Wesley Professional

ISBN: 9780201729153

Category: Computers

Page: 528

View: 5407

Seven new chapters and exhaustive coverage of process improvement, testing, and quality assurance bulk up this new edition. The book contains numerous real-life examples based on the author's work at the Malcolm Baldrige Award-winning software development laboratory at IBM Rochester, MN.

Statistics in Action

A Canadian Outlook

Author: Jerald F. Lawless

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482236249

Category: Mathematics

Page: 384

View: 784

Commissioned by the Statistical Society of Canada (SSC), Statistics in Action: A Canadian Outlook helps both general readers and users of statistics better appreciate the scope and importance of statistics. It presents the ways in which statistics is used while highlighting key contributions that Canadian statisticians are making to science, technology, business, government, and other areas. The book emphasizes the role and impact of computing in statistical modeling and analysis, including the issues involved with the huge amounts of data being generated by automated processes. The first two chapters review the development of statistics as a discipline in Canada and describe some major contributions to survey methodology made by Statistics Canada, one of the world’s premier official statistics agencies. The book next discusses how statistical methodologies, such as functional data analysis and the Metropolis algorithm, are applied in a wide variety of fields, including risk management and genetics. It then focuses on the application of statistical methods in medicine and public health as well as finance and e-commerce. The remainder of the book addresses how statistics is used to study critical scientific areas, including difficult-to-access populations, endangered species, climate change, and agricultural forecasts. About the SSC Founded in Montréal in 1972, the SSC is the main professional organization for statisticians and related professionals in Canada. Its mission is to promote the use and development of statistics and probability. The SSC publishes the bilingual quarterly newsletter SSC Liaison and the peer-reviewed scientific journal The Canadian Journal of Statistics. More information can be found at www.ssc.ca.

From Data to Action

A Community Approach to Improving Youth Outcomes

Author: Milbrey W. McLaughlin,Rebecca A. London

Publisher: Harvard Education Press

ISBN: 1612505481

Category: Education

Page: 216

View: 9763

This book is a welcome guide for educators, civic leaders, and researchers looking for ways to leverage data to identify the most effective policies, interventions, and use of resources for their communities. In the current era of reform, much has been made of the fact that there are many influences that shape children beyond the walls of the schoolhouse. Powerful data “warehouses” have been built to track children and interventions within school bureaucracies and in other social service sectors. Yet these data systems are rarely linked to provide a holistic view of how individual children are faring both in and out of school and which interventions—or combinations thereof—are most promising. Privacy laws and institutional traditions have made such collaborations difficult, if not impossible. Until now. The Youth Data Archive, based at the John W. Gardner Center for Youth and Their Communities at Stanford University, is an effort to blaze a new path to the productive use of cross-agency data now employed by researchers, school officials, and service providers in San Francisco, San Mateo, Alameda, and Santa Clara counties. Editors Milbrey McLaughlin and Rebecca A. London, leaders of the Youth Data Archive, bring together participants who describe the initiative and its challenges and successes. The participants also give detailed background on how the archive was built and how it has led to improvements in services, particularly for children at risk. This book is a welcome guide for educators, civic leaders, and researchers looking for ways to leverage data to identify the most effective policies, interventions, and use of resources for their communities.

Ergonomics: Psychological mechanisms and models in ergonomics

Author: Neville Moray

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9780415322607

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 544

View: 8765

Heinrich Schenker: A Research and Information Guide is an annotated bibliography concerning both the nature of primary sources related to the composer and the scope and significance of the secondary sources which deal with him, his compositions, and his influence as a composer and theorist.

Process, Data and Classifier Models for Accessible Supervised Classification Problem Solving

Author: Steven De Bruyne

Publisher: ASP / VUBPRESS / UPA

ISBN: 9054877502

Category: Computers

Page: 178

View: 7998

Reporting on the current state of computer data mining methods, this reference describes the limits of the classifiers and algorithms that are typical in today's software. Ideal for students of any data mining course, the book describes new iterative techniques that reveal more hidden patterns and ultimately a more powerful system.

Cognition In Action

Author: Alan F. Collins,Philip Levy,Peter E. Morris,Mary M. Smyth

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 1135472513

Category: Psychology

Page: 464

View: 1370

This revised textbook is designed for undergraduate courses in cognitive psychology. It approaches cognitive psychology by asking what it says about how people carry out everyday activities: how people organize and use their knowledge in order to behave appropriately in the world in which they live.; Each chapter of the book starts with an example and then uses this to introduce some aspect of the overall cognitive system. Through such examples of cognition in action, important components of the cognitive system are identified, and their interrelationships highlighted. Thus the text demonstrates that each part of the cognitive system can only be understood properly in its place in the functioning of the whole.; This edition features increased coverage of neuropsychological and connectionist approaches to cognition.

An Agenda for Action

Author: John G. Bruhn,Howard M. Rebach

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1475725167

Category: Social Science

Page: 243

View: 4258

A companion to the authors' Handbook of Clinical Sociology (Plenum Press, 1991), this pioneering text provides an introduction to this new field, covering its development, methods and tools, and illustrates the applications of sociological concepts to current social problems. Drs. Bruhn and Rebach present numerous examples to enable practitioners to apply their problem-solving skills. Key discussions address the values held by clients and practitioners and issues relating to sociological assessment and evaluation. This indispensable resource is enhanced by case illustrations, annotated bibliographies, and a glossary of terms.

Models of Action

Mechanisms for Adaptive Behavior

Author: Clive D.L. Wynne,John E.R. Staddon

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 113478757X

Category: Psychology

Page: 336

View: 4458

This volume presents an international group of researchers who model animal and human behavior--both simple and complex. The models presented focus on such subjects as the pattern of eating in meals and bouts, the energizing and shaping impact of reinforcers on behavior, transitive inferential reasoning, responding to a compound stimulus, avoidance and escape learning, recognition memory, category formation, generalization, the timing of adaptive responses, and chromosomes exchanging information. The chapters are united by a common interest in adaptive behavior--whether of human, animal, or artificial system--and clearly demonstrate the rich variety of ways in which this fascinating area of research can be approached. In so doing, the book demonstrates the range of thought that qualifies as theorizing in the contemporary study of the mechanisms of adaptive behavior. It has two purposes: to bring together a very wide range of approaches in one place and to give authors space to explain how their ideas developed. Journal literature often presents fully-formed theories with no explanation of how an idea came to have the shape in which it is presented. In this volume, however, leaders in different fields provide background on the development of their ideas. Where once psychologists and a few zoologists had this field to themselves, now various types of computer scientists have added great energy to the mix.

Strategic Environmental Assessment in Action

Author: Riki Therivel

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135100128

Category: Political Science

Page: 384

View: 3937

This practical guide, written by a practitioner for practitioners, presents a coherent and straightforward 'how-to-do-it' approach to the strategic environmental assessment (SEA) process. Part one provides an overview of the aims, principles, advantages and problems of SEA as well as looking at key SEA regulations and their requirements. Part two examines the SEA process in considerable detail including setting the policy context, describing the baseline, identifying alternatives, predicting and evaluating impacts and using the SEA information in decision-making. Part three is devoted to assuring SEA quality with a discussion of resources and capacity building. This new edition incorporates five years' worth of practical application of the SEA Directive and SEA practice more broadly. Additions and updates include: the findings of various reviews into SEA effectiveness and efficiency emerging approaches to identifying and comparing alternatives, cumulative impacts, the likely future baseline without the plan, documenting changes made to the plan in response to the SEA process, and environmental limits consideration of both the 'baseline-led' and the 'objectives-led' approach to SEA, and the two approaches' advantages and disadvantages SEA's links to 'appropriate assessment' of plans under the European Habitats Directive. Employing a host of real-life case studies and examples, each chapter presents a range of techniques and discusses what the final product should look like. Appendices provide a wealth of additional information including text of the SEA Directive and the UNECE Protocol on SEA, and a 'toolkit' of SEA techniques. The approach and techniques in Strategic Environmental Assessment in Action are useful for anyone carrying out or studying SEA at any level, from policy to programme, international to local, but particularly for practitioners responsible for implementing the SEA Directive.

Conversation for Action

The Computer Terminal as Medium of Communication

Author: Denise E. Murray

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9027250200

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 190

View: 302

Today, computer-mediated communication spans a range of activities from interactive messages to word processing. Researchers interested in this new technology have concentrated on its effects in the workplace for knowledge production and dissemination or on its word processing function. The study reported here examines communication events in which the computer is the medium and views such computer-mediated communication from the perspective of language use. Its goal is to understand, through data collected from an anthropological perspective, the ways of communicating used by members of an established community of computer users. In particular, it answers the questions: (i) How do computer communicators choose among the available media and modes of communication? (ii) What are the basic and recurring discourse patterns across media and modes through which this community achieves its institutional goals of innovation and product development? (iii) How do the answers to the previous two questions inform our understanding of language use in general?

Models in Ecosystem Science

Author: Charles Draper William Canham,Jonathan Cole,William K. Lauenroth

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691092898

Category: Nature

Page: 476

View: 8104

Quantitative models are crucial to almost every area of ecosystem science. They provide a logical structure that guides and informs empirical observations of ecosystem processes. They play a particularly crucial role in synthesizing and integrating our understanding of the immense diversity of ecosystem structure and function. Increasingly, models are being called on to predict the effects of human actions on natural ecosystems. Despite the widespread use of models, there exists intense debate within the field over a wide range of practical and philosophical issues pertaining to quantitative modeling. This book--which grew out of a gathering of leading experts at the ninth Cary Conference--explores those issues. The book opens with an overview of the status and role of modeling in ecosystem science, including perspectives on the long-running debate over the appropriate level of complexity in models. This is followed by eight chapters that address the critical issue of evaluating ecosystem models, including methods of addressing uncertainty. Next come several case studies of the role of models in environmental policy and management. A section on the future of modeling in ecosystem science focuses on increasing the use of modeling in undergraduate education and the modeling skills of professionals within the field. The benefits and limitations of predictive (versus observational) models are also considered in detail. Written by stellar contributors, this book grants access to the state of the art and science of ecosystem modeling.