Data and Models in Action

Methodological Issues in Production Ecology

Author: A. Stein,F.W. Penning de Vries

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401592179

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 180

View: 9387

Under leadership of CT de Wit a large amount of modeling, building prototypes and also application, was carried out in the 1970s and 1980s. Comprehensive models were built, evaluated and carefully documented in the areas of crop growth production, plant breeding, soil water and nutrients, and in crop protection. Simulation techniques and biophysical theories developed in parallel. Simulation and experimentation always went hand in hand. Much of this work is documented in a long series of PhD theses under supervision of De Wit, in the series of Simulation Monographs (PUDOC), and in numerous other publications. This work has inspired many scientists across the global science community. The CT de Wit Graduate School of Production Ecology (PE) of the Wageningen University builds further on this platform and finds new subjects for research on and with models, and data. The PE platform provides also an excellent opportunity to develop contacts, cooperation and joint software with research groups in related fields and abroad. This book precipitates from such an exploration in new directions. We realize that modem information systems and statistics can offer a substantial contribution to the modelling framework. Good examples can be found here, and these provide a clear direction for the years to come.

Data and Decision Sciences in Action

Proceedings of the Australian Society for Operations Research Conference 2016

Author: Ruhul Sarker,Hussein A. Abbass,Simon Dunstall,Philip Kilby,Richard Davis,Leon Young

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319559141

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 414

View: 606

Offering a concise and multidisciplinary reference guide to the state of the art in Australian operations research, this book will be of great value to academics working in many disciplines associated with operations research, as well as industrial practitioners engaged in planning, scheduling and logistics. Over 60 papers, with topics ranging from academic research techniques and case studies to industrial and administrative best practices in operations research, address aspects such as: • optimization, combinatorial optimization, decision analysis, supply-chain management, queuing and routing, and project management; and • logistics, government, cyber security, health-care systems, mining and material processing, ergonomics and human factors, space applications, telecommunications and transportation, among many others. This book presents the Proceedings of the National Conference of the Australian Society for Operations Research, the premier professional organization for Australian academics and practitioners working in optimization and other disciplines related to operations research. The conference was held in Canberra in November 2016.

Methods and Models in Transport and Telecommunications

Cross Atlantic Perspectives

Author: Aura Reggiani

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540258599

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 364

View: 9743

The volume offers new insights into the modeling and analysis of transportation and telecommunication networks, utilizing perspectives from North America, Europe and other areas of the world. It probes interesting questions that can help us to understand the dynamics of our modern networked society: Do properties found in one network fail to exist in other networks and are there geographic factors that can explain this? Are there social, economic or cultural factors that contribute to differences in network properties and dynamics across regions? Can planning models such as those used for traffic forecasting or freight demand modeling be universally applied to networks situated in different regions, and how should this problem be dealt with when a system spans multiple spatial locations? What are the implications for policy analysis and decision-making? These issues are related to the need for a transatlantic synthesis of current transport methods and their applications. The book attempts to offer a prospectus in this respect, together with the emerging reflections on the desirable future evolution of research.

Methods and Models in Artificial and Natural Computation. A Homage to Professor Mira's Scientific Legacy

Third International Work-Conference on the Interplay Between Natural and Artificial Computation, IWINAC 2009, Santiago de Compostela, Spain, June 22-26, 2009, Proceedings

Author: Jose Mira,José M. Ferrández,Jose-Ramon Alvarez Sanchez,Felix Paz,Javier Toledo

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642022634

Category: Computers

Page: 530

View: 2301

Continuing Professor Mira's Scienti?c Navigation Professor Jos´ e Mira passed away during the preparation of this edition of the International Work-Conference on the Interplay Between Natural and Arti?cial Computation. As a pioneer in the ?eld of cybernetics, he enthusiastically p- moted interdisciplinary research. The term cybernetics stems from the Greek K?? ???? ´ ?? (kybernetes), which means steersman, governor,or pilot, the same root as government. Cybernetics is a broad ?eld of study, but the essential goal ofcybernetics is to understandandde?ne the functions andprocessesofsystems that have goals, and promote circular, causal chains that move from action to sensing to comparison with a desired goal, and again to action. These de?- tions can be applied to Prof. Mira. He was a leader, a pilot, with a visionary and extraordinary capacity to guide his students and colleagues to the desired objective. In this way he promoted the study and understanding of biological functions for creating new computational paradigms able to solve known pr- lems in a more e?cient way than classical approaches. But he also impressed his magni?cent and generous character on all the researchers and friends that workedwith him, imprinting in all ofus high requirementsof excellence not only as scientists, but also as human beings. Weallrememberhisenthusiasticexplanationaboutthedomainsandlevelsin the computational paradigm(CP).

Metrics and Models in Software Quality Engineering

Author: Stephen H. Kan

Publisher: Addison-Wesley Professional

ISBN: 9780201729153

Category: Computers

Page: 528

View: 9158

Seven new chapters and exhaustive coverage of process improvement, testing, and quality assurance bulk up this new edition. The book contains numerous real-life examples based on the author's work at the Malcolm Baldrige Award-winning software development laboratory at IBM Rochester, MN.

Methods and Models in Neurophysics

Author: C. C. Chow

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780444517920

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 829

View: 8639

Neuroscience is an interdisciplinary field that strives to understand the functioning of neural systems at levels ranging from biomolecules and cells to behaviour and higher brain functions (perception, memory, cognition). Neurophysics has flourished over the past three decades, becoming an indelible part of neuroscience, and has arguably entered its maturity. It encompasses a vast array of approaches stemming from theoretical physics, computer science, and applied mathematics. This book provides a detailed review of this field from basic concepts to its most recent development.

Ergonomics: Psychological mechanisms and models in ergonomics

Author: Neville Moray

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9780415322607

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 544

View: 3725

Heinrich Schenker: A Research and Information Guide is an annotated bibliography concerning both the nature of primary sources related to the composer and the scope and significance of the secondary sources which deal with him, his compositions, and his influence as a composer and theorist.

Software Language Engineering

Second International Conference, SLE 2009, Denver, CO, USA, October 5-6, 2009 Revised Selected Papers

Author: Mark van den Brand,Dragan Gasevic,Jeff Gray

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642121063

Category: Computers

Page: 390

View: 6964

This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed post-conference proceedings of the Second International Conference on Software Language Engineering, SLE 2009, held in Denver, CO, USA, in October 2009. The 15 revised full papers and 6 revised short paper presented together with 2 tool demonstration papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 75 initial submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on language and model evolution, variability and product lines, parsing, compilation, and demo, modularity in languages, and metamodeling and demo.

An Introduction to Methods and Models in Ecology, Evolution, and Conservation Biology

Author: Stanton Braude,Bobbi S. Low

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9781400835454

Category: Science

Page: 312

View: 2521

This unique textbook introduces undergraduate students to quantitative models and methods in ecology, behavioral ecology, evolutionary biology, and conservation. It explores the core concepts shared by these related fields using tools and practical skills such as experimental design, generating phylogenies, basic statistical inference, and persuasive grant writing. And contributors use examples from their own cutting-edge research, providing diverse views to engage students and broaden their understanding. This is the only textbook on the subject featuring a collaborative "active learning" approach that emphasizes hands-on learning. Every chapter has exercises that enable students to work directly with the material at their own pace and in small groups. Each problem includes data presented in a rich array of formats, which students use to answer questions that illustrate patterns, principles, and methods. Topics range from Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium and population effective size to optimal foraging and indices of biodiversity. The book also includes a comprehensive glossary. In addition to the editors, the contributors are James Beck, Cawas Behram Engineer, John Gaskin, Luke Harmon, Jon Hess, Jason Kolbe, Kenneth H. Kozak, Robert J. Robertson, Emily Silverman, Beth Sparks-Jackson, and Anton Weisstein. Provides experience with hypothesis testing, experimental design, and scientific reasoning Covers core quantitative models and methods in ecology, behavioral ecology, evolutionary biology, and conservation Turns "discussion sections" into "thinking labs" Professors: A supplementary Instructor's Manual is available for this book. It is restricted to teachers using the text in courses. For information on how to obtain a copy, refer to: http://press.princeton.edu/class_use/solutions.html

Applied Data Analysis and Modeling for Energy Engineers and Scientists

Author: T. Agami Reddy

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781441996138

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 430

View: 9689

Applied Data Analysis and Modeling for Energy Engineers and Scientists fills an identified gap in engineering and science education and practice for both students and practitioners. It demonstrates how to apply concepts and methods learned in disparate courses such as mathematical modeling, probability,statistics, experimental design, regression, model building, optimization, risk analysis and decision-making to actual engineering processes and systems. The text provides a formal structure that offers a basic, broad and unified perspective,while imparting the knowledge, skills and confidence to work in data analysis and modeling. This volume uses numerous solved examples, published case studies from the author’s own research, and well-conceived problems in order to enhance comprehension levels among readers and their understanding of the “processes”along with the tools.

Atomic Force Microscopy in Nanobiology

Author: Kunio Takeyasu

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9814411582

Category: Science

Page: 458

View: 8424

Recent developments in atomic force microscopy (AFM) have been accomplished through various technical and instrumental innovations, including high-resolution and recognition imaging technology under physiological conditions, fast-scanning AFM, and general methods for cantilever modification and force measurement. All these techniques are now highly powerful not only in material sciences but also in basic biological sciences. There are many nanotechnology books that focus on materials, instruments, and applications in engineering and medicine, but only a few of them are directed toward basic biological sciences. This book tries to bridge this gap. Edited by a prominent researcher, this volume provides an overview of modern AFM technologies: the basic AFM protocols in Part I, newly developed technologies in Part II, and the most recent applications of AFM technologies in biological sciences in Parts III and IV. The chapters are contributed by some of the leading scientists in the field of nanobiology.

Adaptive Perspectives on Human-Technology Interaction : Methods and Models for Cognitive Engineering and Human-Computer Interaction

Methods and Models for Cognitive Engineering and Human-Computer Interaction

Author: Alex Kirlik Professor of Human Factors University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0199705429

Category: Computers

Page: 336

View: 8827

In everyday life, and particularly in the modern workplace, information technology and automation increasingly mediate, augment, and sometimes even interfere with how humans interact with their environment. How to understand and support cognition in human-technology interaction is both a practically and socially relevant problem. The chapters in this volume frame this problem in adaptive terms: How are behavior and cognition adapted, or perhaps ill-adapted, to the demands and opportunities of an environment where interaction is mediated by tools and technology? The authors draw heavily on the work of Egon Brunswik, a pioneer in ecological and cognitive psychology, as well as on modern refinements and extensions of Brunswikian ideas, including Hammond's Social Judgment Theory, Gigerenzer's Ecological Rationality and Anderson's Rational Analysis. Inspired by Brunswik's view of cognition as "coming to terms" with the "casual texture" of the external world, the chapters in this volume provide quantitative and computational models and measures for studying how people come to terms with an increasingly technological ecology, and provide insights for supporting cognition and performance through design, training, and other interventions. The methods, models, and measures presented in this book provide timely and important resources for addressing problems in the rapidly growing field of human-technology interaction. The book will be of interest to researchers, students, and practitioners in human factors, cognitive engineering, human-computer interaction, judgment and decision making, and cognitive science.

Models of Action

Mechanisms for Adaptive Behavior

Author: Clive D.L. Wynne,John E.R. Staddon

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 113478757X

Category: Psychology

Page: 336

View: 3567

This volume presents an international group of researchers who model animal and human behavior--both simple and complex. The models presented focus on such subjects as the pattern of eating in meals and bouts, the energizing and shaping impact of reinforcers on behavior, transitive inferential reasoning, responding to a compound stimulus, avoidance and escape learning, recognition memory, category formation, generalization, the timing of adaptive responses, and chromosomes exchanging information. The chapters are united by a common interest in adaptive behavior--whether of human, animal, or artificial system--and clearly demonstrate the rich variety of ways in which this fascinating area of research can be approached. In so doing, the book demonstrates the range of thought that qualifies as theorizing in the contemporary study of the mechanisms of adaptive behavior. It has two purposes: to bring together a very wide range of approaches in one place and to give authors space to explain how their ideas developed. Journal literature often presents fully-formed theories with no explanation of how an idea came to have the shape in which it is presented. In this volume, however, leaders in different fields provide background on the development of their ideas. Where once psychologists and a few zoologists had this field to themselves, now various types of computer scientists have added great energy to the mix.

Models in Ecosystem Science

Author: Charles Draper William Canham,Jonathan Cole,William K. Lauenroth

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691092898

Category: Nature

Page: 476

View: 1906

Quantitative models are crucial to almost every area of ecosystem science. They provide a logical structure that guides and informs empirical observations of ecosystem processes. They play a particularly crucial role in synthesizing and integrating our understanding of the immense diversity of ecosystem structure and function. Increasingly, models are being called on to predict the effects of human actions on natural ecosystems. Despite the widespread use of models, there exists intense debate within the field over a wide range of practical and philosophical issues pertaining to quantitative modeling. This book--which grew out of a gathering of leading experts at the ninth Cary Conference--explores those issues. The book opens with an overview of the status and role of modeling in ecosystem science, including perspectives on the long-running debate over the appropriate level of complexity in models. This is followed by eight chapters that address the critical issue of evaluating ecosystem models, including methods of addressing uncertainty. Next come several case studies of the role of models in environmental policy and management. A section on the future of modeling in ecosystem science focuses on increasing the use of modeling in undergraduate education and the modeling skills of professionals within the field. The benefits and limitations of predictive (versus observational) models are also considered in detail. Written by stellar contributors, this book grants access to the state of the art and science of ecosystem modeling.

Groundwater Contamination: Use of Models in Decision-Making

Proceedings of the International Conference on Groundwater Contamination: Use of Models in Decision-Making, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 26–29 October 1987, Organized by the International Ground Water Modeling Center (IGWMC), Indianapolis — Delft

Author: G. Jousma,Jacob Bear,Y.Y. Haimes,F. Walter

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400923015

Category: Science

Page: 656

View: 8518

The protection of groundwater resources has emerged in recent years as a high priority topic on the agenda of many countries. In responding to the growing concern over deteriorating groundwater quality, many countries are developing a comprehensive regulatory framework for the management of subsurface water resources with management referring to both quantity and quality aspects. Within this framework, groundwater models are rapidly coming to playa central role in the development of protection and rehabilitation strategies. These models provide forecasts of the future state of the groundwater aquifer systems and/or the unsaturated zone in response to proposed management initiatives. For example, models will predict the effects of implementing a proposed management scheme on water levels and on the transport and fate of pollutants. The models are now used in the formulation of policies and regulations, the issuing of permits, design of monitoring and data collection systems, and the development of enforcement actions. The growth in the use of these sophisticated tools has led to many unforeseen problems in groundwater management. Lingering issues include reliability of codes, quality assurance in model development and applications, efficient utiliza tion of human and material resources, technology transfer and training. Some issues have legal ramifications, as in cases where the applications of models have been contested in courts.

Analytical Models For Decision-Making

Author: Sanderson, Colin,Gruen, Reinhold

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education (UK)

ISBN: 0335218458

Category: Medical

Page: 237

View: 1652

Health care systems are complex and, as a result, it is often unclear what the effects of changes in policy or service provision might be. At the same time, resources for health care tend to be in short supply, which means that public health practitioners have to make difficult decisions. This book describes the quantitative and qualitative methods that can help decision-makers to structure and clarify difficult problems and to explore the implications of pursuing different options. The accompanying CD ROM provides the opportunity to try out some of the proposed solutions. The book examines: Models and decision-making in health care Methods for clarifying complex decisions Models for service planning and resource allocation Modelling for evaluating changes in systems

Handbook of Cancer Models with Applications

Author: W. Y. Tan

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9812779485

Category: Political Science

Page: 592

View: 1944

Composed of contributions from an international team of leading researchers, this book pulls together the most recent research results in the field of cancer modeling to provide readers with the most advanced mathematical models of cancer and their applications.Topics included in the book cover oncogenetic trees, stochastic multistage models of carcinogenesis, effects of ionizing radiation on cell cycle and genomic instability, induction of DNA damage by ionizing radiation and its repair, epigenetic cancer models, bystander effects of radiation, multiple pathway models of human colon cancer, and stochastic models of metastasis. The book also provides some important applications of cancer models to the assessment of cancer risk associated with various hazardous environmental agents, to cancer screening by MRI, and to drug resistance in cancer chemotherapy. An updated statistical design and analysis of xenograft experiments as well as a statistical analysis of cancer occult clinical data are also provided.The book will serve as a useful source of reference for researchers in biomathematics, biostatistics and bioinformatics; for clinical investigators and medical doctors employing quantitative methods to develop procedures for cancer diagnosis, prevention, control and treatment; and for graduate students.

Economic Models of Cattle Prices

How Usda Can Act to Improve Models to Explain Cattle Prices

Author: Nancy R. Kingsbury,Charles W. Bausell, Jr.

Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 9780756733933

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 168

View: 1438

Reviews economic models, especially treatment of competition, marketing practices, and international trade effects on U.S. cattle prices and producers' incomes. The report addresses 3 questions: To what extent do these models incorporate structural changes -- specifically, market concentration in the meatpacking sector and the use of marketing agreements, forward contracts, and imports?; What are the most important factors that affect cattle prices and producers' incomes?; and What are the most significant data and modeling issues to be considered in developing a more comprehensive model, or logical framework, to explain cattle prices and producers' income? Makes recommendations about how to resolve issues and problems regarding cattle price modeling.