Author: N.A

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3476037991

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 3140

Did Darwin Get It Right?

Essays on Games, Sex and Evolution

Author: John Maynard Smith

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1468478621

Category: Science

Page: 147

View: 4162

Now in paperback, Did Darwin Get It Right discusses some of the hottest issues in biology today. Its author, the eminently quotable John Maynard Smith, discusses such fascinating conundrums as how life began, whether the brain works like a computer, why most animals and plants reproduce sexually, and how social behavior evolved out of the context of natural selection--a process which would seem to favor selfishness. A humorous and insightful writer, John Maynard Smith has the special ability to convey the excitement of science, its complexity and fascination, without baffling or boring his readers. In these 28 brief and accessible essays, Maynard ranges widely over such issues as science and the media, the birth of sociobiology, the evolution of animal intelligence and the limitations of evolutionary theory. For his work on the evolution of sex, Smith won the Darwin medal from the Royal Society, and he has pioneered the application of game theory to animal behavior.

Arguing Comparative Politics

Author: Alfred C. Stepan

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780198299974

Category: Political Science

Page: 369

View: 9482

Assembling articles by one of the foremost scholars in comparative politics, this volume covers the important works and ideas in the field from the last thirty years, most notably the nature of contemporary democracy and its prospects. It begins with a personal analysis of the intellectual, and often political, reasons why and how Stepan chose to engage in certain critical arguments over the last thirty years. Dividing into three sections, the volume then explores state and society, constructing polities, and varieties of democracies. It contains articles on civil society, political society, economic society, and a usable state and compares and contrasts the incentive systems and political practices of parliamentarianism, presidentialism, and semi-presidentialism.

The Desecularization of the World

Resurgent Religion and World Politics

Author: Peter L. Berger

Publisher: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing

ISBN: 9780802846914

Category: Religion

Page: 135

View: 3389

Theorists of "secularization" have for two centuries been saying that religion must inevitably decline in the modern world. But today, much of the world is as religious as ever. This volume challenges the belief that the modern world is increasingly secular, showing instead that modernization more often strengthens religion. Seven leading cultural observers examine several regions and several religions and explain the resurgence of religion in world politics. Peter L. Berger opens with a global overview. The other six writers deal with particular aspects of the religious scene: George Weigel, with Roman Catholicism;David Martin, with the evangelical Protestant upsurge not only in the Western world but also in Latin America, Africa, the Pacific rim, China, and Eastern Europe; Jonathan Sacks, with Jews and politics in the modern world; Abdullahi A. An-Na'im, with political Islam in national politics and international relations; Grace Davie, with Europe as perhaps the exception to the desecularization thesis; and Tu Weiming, with religion in the People's Republic of China.

The Stillborn God

Religion, Politics, and the Modern West

Author: Mark Lilla

Publisher: Vintage

ISBN: 030747271X

Category: Religion

Page: 352

View: 2129

A brilliant account of religion's role in the political thinking of the West, from the Enlightenment to the close of World War II. The wish to bring political life under God's authority is nothing new, and it's clear that today religious passions are again driving world politics, confounding expectations of a secular future. In this major book, Mark Lilla reveals the sources of this age-old quest-and its surprising role in shaping Western thought. Making us look deeper into our beliefs about religion, politics, and the fate of civilizations, Lilla reminds us of the modern West's unique trajectory and how to remain on it. Illuminating and challenging, The Stillborn God is a watershed in the history of ideas. From the Trade Paperback edition.

Extinction

A Novel

Author: Thomas Bernhard

Publisher: Vintage

ISBN: 0307833607

Category: Fiction

Page: 336

View: 1122

From the late Thomas Bernhard, arguably Austria's most influential novelist of the postwar period, and one of the greatest artists in all twentieth-century literature in the German language, his magnum opus. Extinction, Bernhard's last work of fiction, takes the form of the autobiographical testimony of Franz-Josef Murau, the intellectual black sheep of a powerful Austrian land-owning family. Murau lives in Rome in self-imposed exile from his family, surrounded by a coterie of artistic and intellectual friends. On returning from his sister's wedding to the "wine-cork manufacturer" on the family estate of Wolfsegg, having resolved never to go home again, Murau receives a telegram informing him of the death of his parents and brother in a car crash. Not only must he now go back, he must do so as the master of Wolfsegg. And he must decide its fate. Divided into two halves, Extinction explores Murau's rush of memories of Wolfsegg as he stands at his Roman window considering the fateful telegram, in counterpoint to his return to Wolfsegg and the preparations for the funeral itself. Written in the seamless style for which Bernhard became famous, Extinction is the ultimate proof of his extraordinary literary genius. It is his summing-up against Austria's treacherous past and -- in unprecedented fashion -- a revelation of his own incredibly complex personality, of his relationship with the world in which he lived, and the one he left behind. A literary event of the first magnitude.

The World Made Meme

Public Conversations and Participatory Media

Author: Ryan M. Milner

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262034999

Category: Computers

Page: 272

View: 2503

How memetic media -- aggregate texts that are collectively created, circulated, and transformed -- become a part of public conversations that shape broader cultural debates.

Engineering: A Very Short Introduction

Author: David Blockley

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199578699

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 135

View: 1929

Engineering is part of almost everything we do - from the water we drink and the food we eat, to the buildings we live in and the roads and railways we travel on. This book explores the nature and practice of engineering, its history, its scope, and its relationship with art, science and technology.

The Antinomies of Classical Thought

Marx and Durkheim

Author: Jeffrey C. Alexander

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520044814

Category: Political Science

Page: 564

View: 9926

Volume 2.

Transzendentale Einheit

Author: Wouter Goris

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004306390

Category: History

Page: 540

View: 1742

This study on the genesis and formation of the scholastic concept of transcendental unity shows how gradually in the development of thinking, the notion of ‘the one’, due to its original relationship to being, was conceived as transcendental.

Die multiparadigmatische Struktur der Wissenschaften

Author: Stephan Kornmesser,Gerhard Schurz

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658006722

Category: Social Science

Page: 365

View: 673

​Nach der Auffassung Thomas S. Kuhns ist in einer wissenschaftlichen Disziplin, die einen bestimmten Reifegrad erreicht hat, stets genau ein Paradigma vorherrschend, welches die normalwissenschaftliche Entwicklung bestimmt. In diesem Sammelband wird untersucht, ob im Widerspruch zu Kuhn Paradigmenkonstellationen existieren, in denen mehrere Paradigmen über einen langen Zeitraum parallel existieren und unterschiedliche, sich z.T. widersprechende Erklärungsmuster für dieselben Gegenstandsbereiche bereitstellen. Zu diesem Zweck haben die Herausgeber Wissenschaftlerinnen und Wissenschaftler der Soziologie, Physik, Musikpädagogik, Erziehungs-, Politik-, Sprach-, Kultur- und Sportwissenschaft eingeladen, die Paradigmenstrukturen ihrer Wissenschaften anhand eines einheitlichen Begriffsapparates zu analysieren. Es stellt sich heraus, dass sich Kuhns Position als nicht adäquat erweist und durch ein differenzierteres Wissenschaftsverständnis abgelöst werden muss.

Fifty Years of the Research and theory of R.s. Lazarus

An Analysis of Historical and Perennial Issues

Author: Richard S. Lazarus

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 1134806051

Category: Psychology

Page: 450

View: 4128

A collection of the articles written by the author throughout his extensive career, this book achieves three goals. First, it reprints selected research and theory papers on stress and coping from the 1950s to the present produced by Lazarus under five rubrics: his dissertation; perennial epistemological issues including the revolt of the 1940s and 1950s; his transition from laboratory to field research; the clinical applications of stress and coping; and expanding stress to the emotions. Second, it provides a running commentary on the origination of the issues discussed, what was occurring in psychology when the work was done, and where the work led in the present. Third, it integrates various themes about which psychologists debate vociferously, often without recognizing the intellectual bases of these differences.

Between Occultism and Nazism

Anthroposophy and the Politics of Race in the Fascist Era

Author: Peter Staudenmaier

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004270159

Category: Religion

Page: 420

View: 344

Peter Staudenmaier’s study Between Occultism and Nazism examines the controversial history of Rudolf Steiner’s anthroposophist movement in Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy as a case study in the political significance of esoteric and alternative spiritual groups.

The Logic of the Moral Sciences

Author: John Stuart Mill

Publisher: Open Court Publishing

ISBN: 9780812690538

Category: Philosophy

Page: 144

View: 1483

This books is a reprint of the Sixth Book of Mill's A System of Logic ratiocinative and inductive, being a connected view of the principles of evidence and the methods of scientific investigation, first published in 1843. The text has been reset from the eighth edition (1872), the last edition published in Mill's lifetime.

The Democracy Sourcebook

Author: Robert Alan Dahl

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262541473

Category: Political Science

Page: 556

View: 1356

A collection of classic and contemporary writings on democracy, suitable for use in a wide variety of undergraduate and graduate courses.

Playing Video Games

Motives, Responses, and Consequences

Author: Peter Vorderer,Jennings Bryant

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135257477

Category: Social Science

Page: 480

View: 1057

From security training simulations to war games to role-playing games, to sports games to gambling, playing video games has become a social phenomena, and the increasing number of players that cross gender, culture, and age is on a dramatic upward trajectory. Playing Video Games: Motives, Responses, and Consequences integrates communication, psychology, and technology to examine the psychological and mediated aspects of playing video games. It is the first volume to delve deeply into these aspects of computer game play. It fits squarely into the media psychology arm of entertainment studies, the next big wave in media studies. The book targets one of the most popular and pervasive media in modern times, and it will serve to define the area of study and provide a theoretical spine for future research. This unique and timely volume will appeal to scholars, researchers, and graduate students in media studies and mass communication, psychology, and marketing.

Handbook of Evolution: The evolution of living systems (including hominids)

Author: Franz M. Wuketits

Publisher: Vch Pub

ISBN: 9783527308385

Category: Reference

Page: 291

View: 1180

This two-volume handbook is unique in spanning the entire field of evolution, from the origins of life up to the formation of social structures and science and technology. The author team of world-renowned experts considers the subject from a variety of disciplines, with continuous cross-referencing so as to retain a logical internal structure. The uniformly structured contributions discuss not merely the general knowledge behind the evolution of life, but also the corresponding development of language, society, economies, morality and politics. The result is an overview of the history and methods used in the study of evolution, including controversial theories and discussions. A must for researchers in the natural sciences, sociology and philosophy, as well as for those interested in an interdisciplinary view of the status of evolution today.

Real Life Economics

Author: Paul Ekins,Manfred Max-Neef

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134896107

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 488

View: 8835

The past fifty years have witnessed the triumph of an industrial development that has engendered great social and environmental costs. Conventional economics has too often either ignored these costs or failed to analyse them appropriately. This book constructs a framework within which the wider impacts of economic activity can be both understood and ameliorated. The framework places its emphasis on an in-depth understanding of real-life processes rather than on mathematical formalism, sressing the independence of the economy with the social, ecological and ethical dimensions of human life.