Designing the European Union

From Paris to Lisbon

Author: F. Laursen

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230367577

Category: Political Science

Page: 317

View: 8718

This book outlines the content of the main treaties that form the 'constitutional' basis of the European Union and analyses changes in these over time. The EU has expanded its policy scope and taken in many more members transferring powers to common supranational institutions in a way seen nowhere else in the world.

Designing the New European Union

Author: Helge Berger,Professor and Chair of Monetary Economics Helge Berger,Thomas Moutos

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0444529683

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 291

View: 1640

This volume is based on papers delivered at the second CESifo-Delphi Conferences (Munich, November 2003, and Delphi, June 2004), which are jointly organized by CESifo and the Department of International and European Economic Studies of the Athens University of Economics and Business. The CESifo-Delphi Conferences are organized every two years and involve a two-stage process. Following an initial call for abstracts, a number of authors were selected and invited to present their papers at a workshop meeting in Munich. After further refereeing, some of the authors were invited to present (possibly revised) versions of their papers at the final conference meeting in Delphi. "Contributions to Economic Analysis" was established in 1952. The series purpose is to stimulate the international exchange of scientific information. The series includes books from all areas of macroeconomics and microeconomics.

Designing a European Fiscal Union

Lessons from the Experience of Fiscal Federations

Author: Carlo Cottarelli,Martine Guerguil

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317667506

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 270

View: 7615

Does the European Union need closer fiscal integration, and in particular a stronger fiscal centre, to become more resilient to economic shocks? This book looks at the experience of 13 federal states to help inform the heated debate on this issue. It analyses in detail their practices in devolving responsibilities from the subnational to the central level, compares them to those of the European Union, and draws lessons for a possible future fiscal union in Europe. More specifically, this book tries to answer three sets of questions: What is the role of centralized fiscal policies in federations, and hence the size, features and functions of the central budget? What institutional arrangements are used to coordinate fiscal policy between the federal and subnational levels? What are the links between federal and subnational debt, and how have subnational financing crises been handled, when they occurred? These policy questions are critical in many federations, and central to the current discussions about future paths for the European Union. This book brings to the table new, practical insights through a systematic and comprehensive comparison of the EU fiscal framework with that of federal states. It also departs from the decentralization perspective that has been prominent in the literature by focusing on the role of the centre (which responsibilities are centralized at the federal level and how they are handled, rather than which functions belong to the local level). Such an approach is particularly relevant for the European Union, where a fiscal union would imply granting new powers to the centre.

Conditional Leadership

The European Commission and European Regional Policy

Author: Jennifer R. Wozniak Boyle

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 9780739114810

Category: Law

Page: 291

View: 6253

Offering readers a specification of Commission tactics, a method for determining the influence of the Commission, and an understanding of the conditions of Commission influence, Conditional Leadership will be of interest to scholars and policy makers alike."--Jacket.

A Constitution for the European Union

Author: Charles Beat Blankart,Dennis C. Mueller,Professor of Economics Dennis C Mueller,Clemens Fuest

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262025669

Category: Law

Page: 266

View: 3878

The leaders of European Union member states have declared that a Europeanconstitution should take "a clear, open, effective, democratically controlled Community approach."Their goal -- that within the Union, "European institutions should be brought closer to itscitizens" -- raises many questions about implementation. What is the most effective procedure forconnecting citizens' preferences to political action and policy choices at the EU level? Thecontributors to this CESifo volume, internationally prominent economists and other scholars, addressthe major issues that arise in the writing of a constitution. They do so with the underlyingassumption that individuals are rational actors and the goal of the state is to advance theircollective interests.The ten chapters consider such topics as how a constitution might be designedto prevent military conflict, whether the EU will evolve "by default" into a federal state, theapparent contradiction between the evolutionary development of the EU and the static structure ofthe constitution, the definition of citizenship and rights, the division and distribution of power,the budgetary deadlock on the provision of public goods and the redistribution of resources,coordinating policy, alternative methods for choosing an EU president, and the role of such directdemocracy institutions as referenda and initiatives. The editors conclude by summing up the mainarguments advanced to offer a unified sapproach to these issues.

The Treaty of Lisbon

Origins and Negotiation

Author: D. Phinnemore

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137367873

Category: Political Science

Page: 306

View: 3432

Detailed and comprehensive analysis of how the Treaty of Lisbon emerged in 2007 this book explores the role played by the German Council Presidency and the EU's institutional actors in securing agreement among the leaders of member states on an intergovernmental conference as well as a new treaty text to replace the rejected Constitutional Treaty.

21st Century Management

Leadership and Innovation in the Thought Economy

Author: M. Lindgren

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230343295

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 234

View: 1577

Explores the changing business landscape of the 21st century and what it means for organizations. The author presents a new model for how to think about and handle the complex world of business from a managerial and innovative perspective with tips and tools for motivating and engaging your organization, clients and customers.

Designing Europe

Comparative Lessons from the Federal Experience

Author: David H. McKay

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199242135

Category: Political Science

Page: 167

View: 5685

Few dispute that one of the most pressing issues for the future of Europe is the question of constitutional design. To what extent will unanimity voting in the Council of Ministers be replaced by qualified majority voting and how should these votes be distributed by country? Should the European Parliament assume a meaningful policy making role? How should the Commission be reformed? Generally this debate uses the existing and past experience of the European Union as a basis for future reform. Comparisons with other political systems, and in particular with those systems that devolve power to states, provinces and regions are rarely attempted. Yet with EMU in place and further deepening of EU responsibilities scheduled, much can be learnt from the experience of other systems and especially established federations. Designing Europe shows how in five cases - the US, Canada, Australia, Germany and Switzerland - the rules established in founding constitutions greatly influenced theways in which federal-state relations evolved. In some cases, for example Canada, these rules proved inappropriate for the balance of provincial and central power, while in others, such as Switzerland, more favourable institutional rules prevailed. In all cases political parties have played a major role in brokering this balance of central and regional power. And in all cases intergovernmental fiscal relations have been central to the debate. Designing Europe concludes that because, likeSwitzerland, the EU is both highly decentralised and heterogeneous, super-majoritarian decision rules should apply to EU decision making. In addition further checks on central power should be provided through a carefully coded constitution which could only be amended via popular approval in member states.

Mainstreaming Equality in the European Union

Author: Teresa Rees

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134820933

Category: Medical

Page: 280

View: 1872

Mainstreaming Equality in the European Union provides a critical overview and evaluation of the potential role of the EU in perpetuating or breaking down gender segregation in the EU labour force. Teresa Rees draws upon feminist theoretical frameworks in assessing Equal Opportunitues policies and the role of training in the labour market. The same economic imperatives which put women's training on the agenda have heightened interest in designing training which attracts women into mainstream provision. Mainstreaming Equality in the European Union addresses the urgent need for academics, education and training providers, as well as policy makers to be aware of current thinking at EU level on training policy.

Diskurs - radikale Demokratie - Hegemonie

Zum politischen Denken von Ernesto Laclau und Chantal Mouffe

Author: Martin Nonhoff

Publisher: transcript Verlag

ISBN: 3839404940

Category: Philosophy

Page: 250

View: 2571

Wenige politische Denker haben den internationalen politik- und sozialwissenschaftlichen Theoriediskurs der vergangenen Jahre so beeinflusst wie Chantal Mouffe und Ernesto Laclau - über Paradigmengrenzen hinweg. Beide verknüpfen neo-gramscianische, (post-)strukturalistische und psychoanalytische Theorieelemente und ermöglichen damit einerseits eine Erklärung von Ereignissen des politisch-diskursiven Geschehens, insbesondere der Ausbildung von Hegemonien, und andererseits eine normative Theorie der agonalen Demokratie. Die Beiträge dieses Bandes geben einen Überblick über wesentliche Denkfiguren von Laclau und Mouffe, setzen sich mit diesen kritisch auseinander und zeigen methodische und empirische Anschlussmöglichkeiten auf. Dieser Band enthält u.a. Originaltexte von Ernesto Laclau und Chantal Mouffe.

Regulating eTechnologies in the European Union

Normative Realities and Trends

Author: Tanel Kerikmäe

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319081179

Category: Law

Page: 324

View: 2738

The EU strategy 2020 includes ambitious plans for e-regulation that could improve Europe’s competitiveness. However, the European states have very different legal frameworks in this field. This book introduces flagship initiatives and provides a detailed overview and analysis of the current standards and latest developments, offering practical insights and guidelines for practitioners and policy-makers alike. Further, as it discusses the main areas of e-regulation, it can serve as a useful platform for university education in light of the growing need for new kinds of specialists, i.e. IT lawyers. The book concentrates on fields that are directly affected by e-regulation such as cyber-security, databases, computer programs, e-governance, IP and competition law and informatics.

Design Out Crime

Author: Ian Colquhoun

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136411372

Category: Architecture

Page: 344

View: 6975

Here is a book about the practical design of communities and housing in which people can enjoy a good quality of life, free from crime and fear of crime. Recognising that crime, vandalism and anti-social behaviour are issues of high public concern, and that the driving forces behind crime are numerous, this book argues that good design can help tackle many of these issues. It shows how, through integrating simple crime prevention principles in the design process, it is possible, almost without notice, to make residential environments much safer. Written from the perspective of an architect and town planner, this book offers practical design guidelines through a set of accessible case studies drawn from the UK, USA, The Netherlands and Scandinavia. Each example illustrates how success comes when design solutions reflect local characteristics and where communities are truly sustainable; where residents feel they belong, and where crime is dealt with as part of the bigger picture of urban design.

Designing the Urban Renaissance

Sustainable and competitive place making in England

Author: Francesco Vescovi

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400756313

Category: Political Science

Page: 173

View: 4247

This book is an academic essay about the urban regeneration policies which have been changing the physical - and partly social - outlook of many English cities during the last 10-15 years, eventually giving birth to a process which is also known as ‘Urban Renaissance’. The main focus is on urban design: the way it has been promoted by the government as an important means for delivering attractive places in more sustainable and competitive cities. The research describes the support given to local authorities for this purpose through new laws and powers, the publishing of planning and design manuals and the delivery of especially dedicated funds, bodies and programmes. It also explores the character and purpose of new developments such as scientific parks, creative/cultural quarters, retail and commercial dis-tricts, public realm works, describing recurring design rules and features. Readers interested in urban policies, architecture and the built environment will find a concise yet comprehensive explanation, enriched by more than a hundred pictures, on why and how many towns and cities like Birmingham, Nottingham, Leicester or Sheffield have been changing during the last decade.

The European Union and the Social Dimension of Globalization

How the EU Influences the World

Author: Jan Orbie,Lisa Tortell

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134035535

Category: Political Science

Page: 264

View: 2292

This volume provides a comprehensive account of the European Union’s social role in the world, assessing the EU’s ability to shape the social aspect of globalization from both law and political science perspectives. Focusing explicitly on the EU, the authors address the extent of coherence between the Union’s international social objectives compared with the activities of the International Labour Organization (ILO) and with other EU foreign policy goals. Various dimensions of Europe’s global social role are addressed, including: the social dimension of EU trade relations the involvement of civil society in EU development policies the linkage between the EU’s internal and external ‘social model’ the export of Europe’s social acquis through enlargement and neighbourhood policies the EU’s international position on health, gender equality, children’s rights, and corporate social responsibility the role of the Union in the ILO The European Union and the Social Dimension of Globalization will be of strong interest to students and researchers in EU studies, Globalization studies, and Social Policy.

Designing the Reclaimed Landscape

Author: Alan Berger

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135979049

Category: Architecture

Page: 200

View: 2520

The first practical yet in-depth exploration of how to reclaim the post-industrial landscape, this volume includes excellent case studies by practitioners and policy makers from around the US, giving first rate practical examples. The book addresses new thinking about landscape, which applies new techniques to the task of transforming outdated and disused post-extraction landscapes through design. In the USA alone, there are nearly 500,000 abandoned mines in need of reclamation and this book provides the first in-depth guidance on this real and pressing issue. Drawing on the work of the well-known Project for Reclamation Excellence at Harvard's Graduate School of Design, this volume outlines the latest design thinking, theory and practice for landscape planners, landscape architects and designers and others interested in maximizing the future potential of reclaimed land.

Market Supervision in the European Union

Integrated Administration in Constitutional Context

Author: Pieter van Cleynenbreugel

Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers

ISBN: 9004280367

Category: Law

Page: 400

View: 5444

In Market Supervision in the European Union, Pieter Van Cleynenbreugel compares the emergence of divergently structured supranational market supervision mechanisms in six different sectors of EU regulation and identifies common or converging constitutional benchmarks underlying those sector-specific administrative design developments.

The Mediterranean Dimension of the European Union's Internal Security

Author: S. Wolff

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230369421

Category: Political Science

Page: 273

View: 841

EU internal security concerns such as migration, police and judicial cooperation are today part of EU foreign policy. This book shows how those concerns dominate the EU agenda towards Mediterranean countries. Adopting a rational-choice institutionalist approach, it explores EU policy and the strategic choices made after the 2011 Arab revolts.

Accountability and Regulatory Governance

Audiences, Controls and Responsibilities in the Politics of Regulation

Author: A. Bianculli,J. Jordana,Xavier Fernández-i-Marín

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137349581

Category: Political Science

Page: 294

View: 3480

This collection improves our understanding of the problems associated to accountability in regulatory governance, focusing on audiences, controls and responsibilities in the politics of regulation and through a systematic exploration of the various mechanisms through which accountability in regulatory governance

Designing for the Disabled: The New Paradigm

Author: Selwyn Goldsmith

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135141762

Category: Architecture

Page: 480

View: 4981

Selwyn Goldsmith's Designing for the Disabled has, since it was first published in 1963, been a bible for practising architects around the world. Now, as a new book with a radical new vision, comes his Designing for the Disabled: The New Paradigm. Goldsmith's new paradigm is based on the concept of architectural disability. As a version of the social model of disability, it is not exclusively the property of physically disabled people. Others who are afflicted by it include women, since men customarily get proportionately four times as many amenities in public toilets as women - and women have to queue where men do not - and those with infants in pushchairs, because normal WC facilities are invariably too small to get a pushchair and infant into. To counter architectural disability, Goldsmith's line is that the axiom for legislation action has to be 'access for everyone' - it should not just be 'access for the disabled', as it presently is with the Part M building regulation and relevant provisions of the 1995 Disability Discrimination Act. In a 40-page annex to his book he sets out the terms that a new-style Part M regulation and its Approved Document might take, one that would cover alterations to existing buildings as well as new buildings. But architects and building control officers need not, he says, wait for new a legislation to apply new practical procedures to meet the requirements of the current Part M regulation; they can, as he advises, act positively now. This is a book which will oblige architects to rethink the methodology of designing for the disabled. It is a book that no practising architect, building control officer, local planning officer or access officer can afford to be without.

The WTO Regime on Government Procurement

Challenge and Reform

Author: Sue Arrowsmith,Robert D. Anderson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139501429

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 8648

Originally an important but relatively obscure plurilateral instrument, the WTO Agreement on Government Procurement (GPA) is now becoming a pillar of the WTO system as a result of important developments since the Uruguay Round. This collection examines the issues and challenges that this raises for the GPA, as well as future prospects for addressing government procurement at a multilateral level. Coverage includes issues relating to pending accessions to the GPA, particularly those of developing countries with a large state sector such as China; the revised (provisionally agreed) GPA text of 2006, including provisions on electronic procurement and Special and Differential Treatment for Developing Countries; and procurement provisions in regional trade agreements and their significance for the multilateral system. Attention is also given to emerging issues, especially those concerning environmental, social and SME policy; competition law; and the implications of the recent economic crisis.