Development as Freedom

Author: Amartya Sen

Publisher: Anchor

ISBN: 9780307874290

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 384

View: 8571

By the winner of the 1988 Nobel Prize in Economics, an essential and paradigm-altering framework for understanding economic development--for both rich and poor--in the twenty-first century. Freedom, Sen argues, is both the end and most efficient means of sustaining economic life and the key to securing the general welfare of the world's entire population. Releasing the idea of individual freedom from association with any particular historical, intellectual, political, or religious tradition, Sen clearly demonstrates its current applicability and possibilities. In the new global economy, where, despite unprecedented increases in overall opulence, the contemporary world denies elementary freedoms to vast numbers--perhaps even the majority of people--he concludes, it is still possible to practically and optimistically restain a sense of social accountability. Development as Freedom is essential reading.

Ökonomie für den Menschen

Wege zu Gerechtigkeit und Solidarität in der Marktwirtschaft

Author: Amartya Kumar Sen

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783423362641

Category: Wirtschaftsentwicklung - Freiheit - Soziale Gerechtigkeit

Page: 424

View: 8962

Das große Buch des Nobelpreisträgers: Eine Programmschrift, die ökonomische Vernunft, politischen Realismus und soziale Verantwortung zusammenführt. Mit diesem Buch hat Sen eine Schneise in die Globalisierungsdebatte geschlagen. Als einer der bedeutenden Wirtschaftstheoretiker der Gegenwart fordert er die Moral in der Marktwirtschaft ein und packt das Weltproblem Nr. 1 an: die sich immer weiter öffnende Schere zwischen dem global agierenden Turbokapitalismus und der zunehmenden Arbeitslosigkeit und Verarmung. Dieses engagierte Buch hat er für die breite Öffentlichkeit geschrieben, eindringlich stellt er dar, daß Freiheit, Gleichheit und Solidarität keine abstrakten Ideale sind, sondern fundamentale Voraussetzungen für eine prosperierende, gerechte Weltwirtschaft.

Ökonomie für den Menschen

Wege zu Gerechtigkeit und Solidarität in der Marktwirtschaft

Author: Amartya Kumar Sen

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783446199439

Category: Developing countries

Page: 423

View: 7571

Das große Buch des Nobelpreisträgers: Eine Programmschrift, die ökonomische Vernunft, politischen Realismus und soziale Verantwortung zusammenführt. Mit diesem Buch hat Sen eine Schneise in die Globalisierungsdebatte geschlagen. Als einer der bedeutenden Wirtschaftstheoretiker der Gegenwart fordert er die Moral in der Marktwirtschaft ein und packt das Weltproblem Nr. 1 an: die sich immer weiter öffnende Schere zwischen dem global agierenden Turbokapitalismus und der zunehmenden Arbeitslosigkeit und Verarmung. Dieses engagierte Buch hat er für die breite Öffentlichkeit geschrieben, eindringlich stellt er dar, daß Freiheit, Gleichheit und Solidarität keine abstrakten Ideale sind, sondern fundamentale Voraussetzungen für eine prosperierende, gerechte Weltwirtschaft.

Reflexionen zu Amartya Sens 'Development as Freedom'

Author: Balz Andrea Alter

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 3640769015

Category:

Page: 56

View: 3630

Essay aus dem Jahr 2008 im Fachbereich VWL - Innovationsokonomik, Note: 5.5 (Schweizer Benotungssystem), Universitat Basel (Wirtschaftswissenschaftliches Zentrum), Veranstaltung: International Economics and Development, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Development as Freedom' basiert im Wesentlichen auf funf Vorlesungen, welche Amartya Sen im Herbst 1996 als Presidental Fellow von James David Wolfensohn bei der Weltbank hielt. In einem Interview mit der Asian Source' vom 6. Dezember 2004 spricht er uber seine Beziehung zum damaligen Prasidenten und das Zustandekommen der Vorlesungsreihe: "I cannot really claim that my lecturing the Bank has had any particular impact. But Jim Wolfensohn has introduced many new ideas and practices in the Bank which reflect his own thinking. I am very happy that his ideas have much similarity with my way of thinking, but he arrived at them on his own... When he asked me to give these lectures at the Bank, on any subject of my choice, I thought immediately that this was something I would like to do. And it was a good experience, with lots of useful comments on my lectures which I could use in finalizing the book, Development as Freedom." (Asian Source 2008) Welche Ideen prasentierte Sen der Weltbank? Was hat Freiheit mit Wachstum und Entwicklung zu tun? Um mich Antworten auf diese Fragen anzunahern, werde ich im vorliegendem Essay einige Aspekte seiner Ideen, wie sie in Development as Freedom' prasentiert werden, reflektieren. Dazu wird in einem ersten Schritt auf die entwicklungstheoretischen Uberzeugungen eingegangen, die uber all seinen empirischen Analysen trohnen: Entwicklung heisst eben dies - sich auf die Moglichkeiten der Freiheit ernsthaft einzulassen." (Sen 2002: 353). Dieser Uberzeugung folgend, setzt sich der Text mit Sens Versuch auseinander, die ethischen Dimension in der Wirtschaftswissenschaft wieder zu beleben. In einem zweiten Schritt liegt das Augenmerk auf einer der vielen empirischen Analysen, die Development as"

Development as Freedom

Author: Janna Miletzki,Nick Broten

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351352199

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 98

View: 7473

Amartya Sen uses his 1999 work Development as Freedom to evaluate the processes and outcomes of economic development. Having come to the conclusion that development is best summed up as the expansion of freedom, Sen examines traditional definitions and understandings of the term. He says people tend to think of freedoms as economic (the freedom to enter into market exchanges) or political (the freedom to vote and be an active citizen), and tries to understand why the definition has been so narrow hitherto. He concludes that an evaluation of true freedom must necessarily include the freedom to access social services such as healthcare, sanitation and nutrition, just as much as it must acknowledge economic and political freedoms. Evaluating the relevance of the current thinking behind development, Sen concludes that the term ‘freedom’ cannot simply be about income. In many ways, measuring income does not account for various “unfreedoms” (manmade or natural bars to wellbeing) that hinder development. Sen’s evaluation is all the more powerful for its clarity: "The freedom-centered perspective has a generic similarity to the common concern with "quality of life."

Development as Freedom

Author: Henning Müller

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 3640945174

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 20

View: 6930

Seminar paper from the year 2009 in the subject Economics - Economic Cycle and Growth, grade: 1,0, Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz, language: English, abstract: About 2500 years ago the brilliant Greek philosopher Aristotle surveyed in his Nicomachean Ethics the ends to which our conduct should be directed. He concluded with deep insight that “wealth is obviously not the good we seek, for the sole purpose it serves is to provide the means of getting something else [emphasis added]” (Aristotle, 1975, p. 31). Until recent times, economists struggle for a commonly accepted primary “end” as an overall policy goal. The ideas range from income and wealth maximization (often expressed in the per capita GNP) over “the pursuit of happiness” as an “unalienable right” in the US Declaration of Independence of 1776 to well-known measures of “something else” such as the Gross National Happiness in Bhutan (cf. DiTella and MacCulloch, 2008). Another, indeed very famous, proposal originates from the work of Amartya Sen. He suggests to define freedom as the primary goal for societies and to measure the achievements in the space of feasible functionings, the so-called capability set. In this paper I seek to present Sen’s theoretical conception of development as freedom and to provide both the background for tracing the process of origin as well as some exemplary applications to give an idea of the impact of his vision on economic problems. I will focus on the theoretical structure of his conception and will not go into details regarding empirical and historical data that can easily be found in standard literature on development economics. The theoretical background to Sen’s approach, however, is not that intensively discussed and so my aim is to contribute to the understanding of the theoretical structure of his idea. In the beginning, I will give a brief overview of development as a general conception in economics. Therefore, I will go into areas, goals and a sample of measurements of development. In the second and central section of this paper I will analyze Sen’s idea of development as freedom from a theoretical perspective. In doing so, I will picture the derivation of his idea from welfare economics and then scrutinize different aspects of freedoms in Sen’s thinking that are crucial for a deep understanding of the deductions emanating from his approach. Finally, I will point out three exemplary applications of the conception of development as freedom on important economic problems, namely markets, poverty and democracy.

Development as Freedom

from a basic to a comprehensive development approach

Author: Anna Praz

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 3640734777

Category: Political Science

Page: 8

View: 6234

Essay from the year 2010 in the subject Politics - Methods, Research, grade: A, Humboldt-University of Berlin, course: International Political Economy, language: English, abstract: When the term development is considered, it is difficult to have a clear dimension to address, as this term illustrates a complex human process, rich in linkages and interrelations, which has been erroneously simplified in the course of time, by various single explanatory variables. Nevertheless, in order to restrict the domain, it might be useful to find a definition of it. The term underdevelopment, strictly related to its positive derivate, was defined by J. de Largentaye as a “weak degree of resource exploitation” 1, resources that can be natural, economic and human. For the author, the main dynamic was to find in the economic development, which is the increase in the amount of people nation's population with sustained growth, from a simple low-income economy, to a modern high-income economy, with the ultimate goal of improving the economic, political, and social well-being of its people2.

Development in freedom

a new beginning on the road to a better life : manifesto of the New Patriotic Party, N.P.P.

Author: New Patriotic Party (Ghana)

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 26

View: 2061

Wachstumsperspektiven ausgewählter Entwicklungs- und Schwellenländer

Author: Sven Bolt

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 364096795X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 113

View: 9223

Diplomarbeit aus dem Jahr 2010 im Fachbereich VWL - Konjunktur und Wachstum, Note: 1,0, FOM Hochschule für Oekonomie und Management gemeinnützige GmbH, Hochschulstudienzentrum Hamburg, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Die Finanzkrise 2008/2009 führte zu einem dramatischen Einbruch der weltweiten wirtschaftlichen Aktivität. Während die Industrieländer derzeit erste Stabilisierungsanzeichen aufzeigen, jedoch zum Teil immer noch rezessive Tendenzen aufweisen, konnten zahlreiche Entwicklungs- und Schwellenländer bereits wieder ihren Wachstumskurs der vergangenen Jahre aufnehmen. Neben institutionellen und privaten Investoren richten zunehmend auch Wissenschaftler ihren Blick auf die rasante Entwicklung der Entwicklungsländer. Während die Einen auf wachsenden Wohlstand und wirtschaftliche Konvergenz spekulieren, fürchten derweil die Anderen eine Beschleunigung des Klimawandels durch steigenden Ressourcenverbrauch und Bevölkerungswachstum. Tatsächlich nahm die wirtschaftliche Bedeutung der Entwicklungs- und Schwellenländer im Laufe der vergangenen Jahre signifikant zu. Ihr Anteil am Welt-Bruttoinlandsprodukt stieg 2007 auf 25,9%. Doch bilden die Entwicklungs- und Schwellenländer keine homogene Gruppe. Die zunehmende weltwirtschaftliche Verflechtung und der globale Technologieaustausch wirken auf viele Teile der Welt ungleich. So gelang es zahlreichen Ländern ihren Lebensstandard deutlich zu erhöhen und an das Niveau der Industrieländer anzuknüpfen, wohingegen andere Länder noch immer nicht die Barrieren hin zu einem nachhaltigen Wachstum durchbrechen konnten.Innerhalb des Wachstumsprozesses und der Wachstumsdynamik verschiedener Länder existieren offenbar große Unterschiede, so dass die Erklärung des Wirtschaftswachstums die zentrale Herausforderung der Wachstums- und Entwicklungsökonomik darstellt. Das breite Spektrum entwicklungstheoretischer Meinungen und die hohe Komplexität des Entwicklungsprozesses erschweren dabei die Identifizierung der wachstumstreibenden Faktoren.Insofern besteht die Zielsetzung dieser Arbeit darin, die Determinanten des Wachstums mithilfe verschiedener Wachstumstheorien und ergänzender empirischer Erkenntnisse herauszuarbeiten, um im weiteren Verlauf allgemeingültige Indikatoren abzuleiten.Auf einer mehrdimensionalen Basis wird anschließend ein definiertes Länderuniversum hinsichtlich seines Entwicklungsstandes analysiert. Zu diesem Zweck erfahren die Indikatoren aufgrund der unterschiedlichen Bedeutsamkeit im Entwicklungsprozess einer Volkswirtschaft eine Gewichtung, bevor die Länder einem Bewertungsverfahren unterzogen werden. Jedoch finden Interdependenzen und Korrelationen der Indikatoren untereinander in der Bewertung keine Berücksichtigung...

Development Without Freedom

The Politics of Asian Globalization

Author: Songok Han Thornton,William H. Thornton

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 9780754672272

Category: Political Science

Page: 237

View: 3068

Case-study rich, this volume provides an interesting look at Asian politics and Asian globalization based on the insights of Amartya Sen, giving particular focus to Korea, the Philippines, Indonesia, Thailand, China and India, and the ways in which Senism has affected each of them.

Key Thinkers on Space and Place

Author: Phil Hubbard,Rob Kitchin,Gill Valentine

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761949633

Category: Science

Page: 356

View: 3909

A comprehensive guide to the latest work on space. Each entry is a short interpretative essay, outlining the contributions made by the key theorists.

The Globalization and Development Reader

Perspectives on Development and Global Change

Author: J. Timmons Roberts,Amy Bellone Hite,Nitsan Chorev

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118735102

Category: Political Science

Page: 632

View: 3988

Core text for students, scholars, and development practitioners on the issues surrounding social change, globalization, and development in the "Third World", including a general introduction to the field, and short, insightful section introductions that introduce each reading. Main text and core reference for students and professionals studying the processes of social change and development in “third world” countries.Carefully excerpted materials facilitate the understanding of classic and contemporary writings. Second edition includes 33 essential readings, including 20 new pieces and the essential canon in the field. New pieces cover the impact of recession, global inequality and uneven development, women, international migration, the role of cities, agriculture and the environment, and climate change. Increased coverage of China and India help to provide genuinely global coverage, and for a student readership the materials have been subject to a higher degree of editing in the new edition. Includes a general introduction to the field, and short, insightful section introductions to each reading.

Cities and Development

Author: Jo Beall,Sean Fox,Tom Goodfellow

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134166710

Category: Science

Page: 288

View: 7576

By 2030 more than sixty percent of the world's population will live in urban areas, with most of the world’s population growth over the next twenty-five years being absorbed by cities and towns in low and middle income countries. What are the consequences of this shift? Demographic pressure already strains the capacity of local and national governments to manage urban change. Today, nearly one billion people live in slums, and in the absence of significant intervention that number is set to double in the next two decades. Will our future be dominated by mega-cities of poverty and despair, or can urbanization be harnessed to advance human and economic development? Cities and Development provides a critical exploration of the dynamic relationship between urbanism and development. Highlighting both the challenges and opportunities associated with rapid urban change, the book surveys: the historical relationship between urbanization and development the role cities play in fostering economic growth in a globalizing world the unique characteristics of urban poverty and the poor record of interventions designed to tackle it the complexities of managing urban environments; issues of urban crime, violence, war and terrorism in contemporary cities the importance of urban planning, governance and politics in shaping city futures. This book brings into conversation debates from urban and development studies and highlights the strengths and weaknesses of current policy and planning responses to the contemporary urban challenge. It includes research orientated supplements in the form of summaries, boxed case studies, development questions and further reading. The book is intended for senior undergraduate and graduate students interested in urban, international and development studies, as well as policy-makers and planners concerned with equitable and sustainable urban development.

Der lange Weg zur Freiheit

Autobiographie

Author: Nelson Mandela

Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag

ISBN: 3104031541

Category: History

Page: 864

View: 5560

»Ich bin einer von ungezählten Millionen, die durch Nelson Mandelas Leben inspiriert wurden.« Barack Obama Eine fast drei Jahrzehnte währende Gefängnishaft ließ Nelson Mandela zum Mythos der schwarzen Befreiungsbewegung werden. Kaum ein anderer Politiker unserer Zeit symbolisiert heute in solchem Maße die Friedenshoffnungen der Menschheit und den Gedanken der Aussöhnung aller Rassen wie der ehemalige südafrikanische Präsident und Friedensnobelpreisträger. Auch nach seinem Tod finden seine ungebrochene Charakterstärke und Menschenfreundlichkeit die Bewunderung aller friedenswilligen Menschen auf der Welt. Mandelas Lebensgeschichte ist über die politische Bedeutung hinaus ein spannend zu lesendes, kenntnis- und faktenreiches Dokument menschlicher Entwicklung unter Bedingungen und Fährnissen, vor denen die meisten Menschen innerlich wie äußerlich kapituliert haben dürften.

Fifty Key Thinkers on Development

Author: David Simon

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134304889

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 320

View: 6852

The essential guide to the world’s most influential development thinkers, this authoritative text presents a unique guide to the lives and ideas of leading contributors to the contested terrain of development studies. Reflecting the diverse, interdisciplinary nature of the area, the book includes entries on: * modernisers like Hirshman, Kindleberger and Rostow * dependencistas such as Frank, Cardoso and Amin * progressives like Prebisch, Helleiner and Streeten * political leaders enunciating radical alternative visions of development, such as Mao, Nkrumah and Nyerere * progenitors of religiously or spiritually inspired development, such as Gandhi and Ariyaratne * development-environment thinkers like Blaikie, Brookfield and Shiva. This is a fascinating and readable introduction to the major figures that have shaped the field, ideal for anyone studying or working in the area.

Amartya Sen's Work and Ideas

A Gender Perspective

Author: Bina Agarwal,Jane Humphries,Ingrid Robeyns

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9780415372534

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 350

View: 6817

This unique volume is the first to examine Nobel Laureate Amartya Sen's ideas through the lens of gender. His humanitarian approach to economics has been crucial to the development of several aspects of feminist economics and gender analysis. This book outlines the range and usefulness of his work for gender analysis while also exploring some of its silences and implicit assumptions. The result is a collection of groundbreaking and insightful essays which cover major topics in Sen's work, such as the capability approach, justice, freedom, social choice, agency, missing women and development and well-being. Perspectives have been drawn from both developing and developed countries, with most of the authors applying Sen's concepts to cultural, geographic and historical contexts which differ from his original applications. Significant highlights include a wide-ranging conversation between the book's editors and Sen on many aspects of his work, and an essay by Sen himself on why he is disinclined to provide a definitive list of capabilities. These essays were previously published in Feminist Economics.

The Power of Freedom

Uniting Human Rights and Development

Author: Jean-Pierre Chauffour

Publisher: Cato Institute

ISBN: 1933995998

Category: Political Science

Page: 198

View: 6953

Are the quests for human rights and economic development compatible? In this thought-provoking book, Jean-Pierre Chauffour argues that the answer depends on the place given to freedom in both human rights and development. When freedom advances, prosperity and human rights progress. When freedom is threatened—especially economic and civil liberties—fundamental human rights are violated and economic development suffers. Yet although the connection between rights and development has long been recognized, practice has not followed principle. Human rights advocates and economic development experts rarely engage each other and often work at cross purposes. Moreover, the proposition that freedom plays a central role in both agendas challenges a number of human rights and development orthodoxies as well as practices developed over the last 60 years. A reconciliation of the human rights and development communities is possible. It requires highlighting the role that freedom plays in both. Rights advocates must recognize economic liberty as an essential component of human rights, and development experts must recognize the broad range of institutions and economic policies consistent with human rights. With his engaging style, Chauffour makes clear that empowering people with economic freedom, civil rights, and political liberties is the best way to ensure development and respect for the individual. This book provides major lessons to meet the challenges of securing freedom, peace, and prosperity.

Democracy, Development and Decentralisation in India

Continuing Debates

Author: Chandan Sengupta,Stuart Corbridge

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136198482

Category: Political Science

Page: 358

View: 7040

First published in 2010. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.