Development as Freedom

Author: Amartya Sen

Publisher: Anchor

ISBN: 9780307874290

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 384

View: 2718

By the winner of the 1988 Nobel Prize in Economics, an essential and paradigm-altering framework for understanding economic development--for both rich and poor--in the twenty-first century. Freedom, Sen argues, is both the end and most efficient means of sustaining economic life and the key to securing the general welfare of the world's entire population. Releasing the idea of individual freedom from association with any particular historical, intellectual, political, or religious tradition, Sen clearly demonstrates its current applicability and possibilities. In the new global economy, where, despite unprecedented increases in overall opulence, the contemporary world denies elementary freedoms to vast numbers--perhaps even the majority of people--he concludes, it is still possible to practically and optimistically restain a sense of social accountability. Development as Freedom is essential reading.

Development as Freedom

Author: Amartya Sen

Publisher: Oxford Paperbacks

ISBN: 9780192893307

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 366

View: 6922

Amartya Sen is the most respected and well-known economist of his time. This book is a synthesis of his thought, viewing economic development as a means to extending freedoms rather than an end in itself. By widening his outlook to include poverty, tyranny, lack of opportunity, individual rights, and political structures, Professor Sen gives a stimulating and enlightening overview of the development process. His compassionate yet rigorous analysis will appeal to all those interested in the fate of the developing world, from general reader to specialist.

Development as Freedom

Author: Amartya Sen

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0198297580

Category: Developing countries

Page: 366

View: 6954

In Development as Freedom Amartya Sen quotes the eighteenth century poet William Cowper on freedom: Freedom has a thousand charms to show, That slaves howe'er contented, never know. Sen explains how in a world of unprecedented increase in overall opulence, millions of people living in rich and poor countries are still unfree. Even if they are not technically slaves, they are denied elementary freedom and remain imprisoned in one way or another by economic poverty, socialdeprivation, political tyranny or cultural authoritarianism. The main purpose of development is to spread freedom and its 'thousand charms' to the unfree citizens. Freedom, Sen persuasively argues, is at once the ultimate goal of social and economic arrangements and the most efficient means of realizing general welfare. Social institutions like markets, political parties, legislatures, the judiciary, and the media contribute to development by enhancing individual freedom and are in turnsustained by social values. Values, institutions, development, and freedom are all closely interrelated, and Sen links them together in an elegant analytical framework. By asking "What is the relation between our collective economic wealth and our individual ability to live as we would like?" and by incorporating individual freedom as a social commitment into his analysis, Sen allows economics once again, as it did in the time of Adam Smith, to address the social basis of individual well-beingand freedom.

Development as Freedom in a Digital Age

Experiences from the Rural Poor in Bolivia

Author: Björn Sören Gigler

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 1464804214

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 516

View: 4790

The knowledge of how to use information technology is a critical human capability for a person to realize the various things he/she values doing or being in all dimensions of his/her life. At the center of this process is a person s ability to access, process and act upon information facilitated through the use of new technologies.

Development as Freedom

Author: Janna Miletzki

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351350404

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 9149

Amartya Sen uses his 1999 work Development as Freedom to evaluate the processes and outcomes of economic development. Having come to the conclusion that development is best summed up as the expansion of freedom, Sen examines traditional definitions and understandings of the term. He says people tend to think of freedoms as economic (the freedom to enter into market exchanges) or political (the freedom to vote and be an active citizen), and tries to understand why the definition has been so narrow hitherto. He concludes that an evaluation of true freedom must necessarily include the freedom to access social services such as healthcare, sanitation and nutrition, just as much as it must acknowledge economic and political freedoms. Evaluating the relevance of the current thinking behind development, Sen's concludes that the term 'freedom' cannot simply be about income. In many ways, measuring income does not account for various "unfreedoms" (manmade or natural bars to wellbeing) that hinder development. Sen's evaluation is all the more powerful for its clarity: "The freedom-centered perspective has a generic similarity to the common concern with 'quality of life."

The Capability Approach and the Praxis of Development

Author: S. Deneulin

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230627250

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 240

View: 1829

The book examines the extent to which Amartya Sen's conception of 'development as freedom' can be a guide for development policy. It argues that the theoretical foundations of the conception need to be expanded, and that it needs to give more attention to collective and historical dimensions if it is to address poverty effectively.

The Idea of Justice

Author: Amartya Sen

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674060474

Category: Philosophy

Page: 467

View: 4929

Presents an analysis of what justice is, the transcendental theory of justice and its drawbacks, and a persuasive argument for a comparative perspective on justice that can guide us in the choice between alternatives.

Inequality Reexamined

Author: Amartya Sen

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674452565

Category: Law

Page: 207

View: 623

In this deft analysis, Amartya Sen argues that the dictum "all men are created equal" serves largely to deflect attention from the fact that we differ in age, gender, talents, physical abilities as well as in material advantages and social background. He argues for concentrating on higher and more basic values: individual capabilities and freedom to achieve objectives.

India

Development and Participation

Author: Jean Drèze,Amartya Sen

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780199257492

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 512

View: 858

This book explores the role of public action in eliminating deprivation and expanding human freedoms in India. The analysis is based on a broad and integrated view of development, which focuses on well-being and freedom rather than the standard indicators of economic growth. The authors place human agency at the centre of stage, and stress the complementary roles of different institutions (economic, social, and political) in enhancing effective freedoms. In comparative international perspective, the Indian economy has done reasonably well in the period following the economic reforms initiated in the early nineties. However, relatively high aggregate economic growth coexists with the persistence of endemic deprivation and deep social failures. Jean Dreze and Amartya Sen relate this imbalance to the continued neglect, in the post-reform period, of public involvement in crucial fields such as basic education, health care, social security, environmental protection, gender equity, and civil rights, and also to the imposition of new burdens such as the accelerated expansion of military expenditure. Further, the authors link these distortions of public priorities with deep-seated inequalities of social influence and political power. The book discusses the possibility of addressing these biases through more active democratic practice.

Rationality and Freedom

Author: Amartya Sen

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674013513

Category: Philosophy

Page: 736

View: 7311

Rationality and freedom are among the most profound and contentious concepts in philosophy and the social sciences. In this, the first of two volumes, Amartya Sen brings clarity and insight to these difficult issues.

Identity and Violence: The Illusion of Destiny (Issues of Our Time)

Author: Amartya Sen

Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company

ISBN: 0393243192

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 5415

“One of the few world intellectuals on whom we may rely to make sense out of our existential confusion.”—Nadine Gordimer In this sweeping philosophical work, Amartya Sen proposes that the murderous violence that has riven our society is driven as much by confusion as by inescapable hatred. Challenging the reductionist division of people by race, religion, and class, Sen presents an inspiring vision of a world that can be made to move toward peace as firmly as it has spiraled in recent years toward brutality and war.

An Introduction to the Human Development and Capability Approach

Freedom and Agency

Author: Séverine Deneulin,Lila Shahani

Publisher: IDRC

ISBN: 184407806X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 354

View: 2682

This volume aims to provide new ways of thinking about population trends in the 21st century. While the 20th century was the century of population growth, with the world's population increasing from 1.6 to 6.1 billion, this book shows that the 21st centur

An Uncertain Glory

India and its Contradictions

Author: Jean Drèze,Amartya Sen

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400848776

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 448

View: 4391

When India became independent in 1947 after two centuries of colonial rule, it immediately adopted a firmly democratic political system, with multiple parties, freedom of speech, and extensive political rights. The famines of the British era disappeared, and steady economic growth replaced the economic stagnation of the Raj. The growth of the Indian economy quickened further over the last three decades and became the second fastest among large economies. Despite a recent dip, it is still one of the highest in the world. Maintaining rapid as well as environmentally sustainable growth remains an important and achievable goal for India. In An Uncertain Glory, two of India's leading economists argue that the country's main problems lie in the lack of attention paid to the essential needs of the people, especially of the poor, and often of women. There have been major failures both to foster participatory growth and to make good use of the public resources generated by economic growth to enhance people's living conditions. There is also a continued inadequacy of social services such as schooling and medical care as well as of physical services such as safe water, electricity, drainage, transportation, and sanitation. In the long run, even the feasibility of high economic growth is threatened by the underdevelopment of social and physical infrastructure and the neglect of human capabilities, in contrast with the Asian approach of simultaneous pursuit of economic growth and human development, as pioneered by Japan, South Korea, and China. In a democratic system, which India has great reason to value, addressing these failures requires not only significant policy rethinking by the government, but also a clearer public understanding of the abysmal extent of social and economic deprivations in the country. The deep inequalities in Indian society tend to constrict public discussion, confining it largely to the lives and concerns of the relatively affluent. Drèze and Sen present a powerful analysis of these deprivations and inequalities as well as the possibility of change through democratic practice.

Poverty and Famines

An Essay on Entitlement and Deprivation

Author: Amartya Sen

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191037435

Category: Social Science

Page: 272

View: 1303

This book focuses on the causes of starvation in general and famines in particular. The traditional analysis of famines is shown to be fundamentally defective, and the author develops an alternative analysis.

Encountering Development

The Making and Unmaking of the Third World

Author: Arturo Escobar

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 0691150451

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 290

View: 7861

Originally published: 1995. Paperback reissue, with a new preface by the author.

From Subsistence to Exchange and Other Essays

Author: Lord Peter Tamas Bauer

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9781400824649

Category: Political Science

Page: 168

View: 5342

Peter Bauer, a pioneer of development economics, is an incisive thinker whose work continues to influence fields from political science to history to anthropology. As Nobel Laureate Amartya Sen writes in the introduction to this book, "the originality, force, and extensive bearing of his writings have been quite astonishing." This collection of Bauer's essays reveals the full power and range of his thought as well as the central concern that underlies so much of his diverse work: the impact of people's conduct, their cultural institutions, and the policies of their governments on economic progress. The papers here cover pressing and controversial issues, including the process that transforms a subsistence economy into an exchange economy, the reputed correlation between poverty and population density, the alleged responsibility of the West for Third World poverty, the often counterproductive results of foreign aid, and the effects of egalitarian policies on individual freedoms. Bauer addresses these and other matters with clarity, verve, and wit, combining his deep understanding of economic theory and methodology with keen insights into human nature. The book is a penetrating account of how to develop a prosperous economy alongside a free and fair society and a stimulating introduction to the work of a man who has done so much to shape our modern understanding of developing economies and of the relationship of economics to the other social sciences. "This selection of essays will give readers a wonderful opportunity to learn about the rich world of cognizance and analysis erected by one of the great architects of political economy. I feel privileged to be able to offer this letter of invitation."--From the introduction by Amartya Sen, Nobel Laureate in economics

The Companion to Development Studies

Author: Vandana Desai,Robert B. Potter

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0340889144

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 587

View: 2586

The Companion to Development Studies is an essential one-stop reference for anyone with an interest in development studies. Over 100 international experts have been brought together to present a comprehensive overview of the key theoretical and practical issues dominating contemporary development studies. Building on the success of the first edition, the Companion to Development Studies has been thoroughly revised and updated to include new chapters on ageing, culture and development,corruption and development, and global terrorism. Each chapter summarizes current debates while providing guidance for further reading and research. This text is suitable for students at both the undergraduate and graduate levels. An indispensable guide to a complex subject, the second edition can be adapted for use in any number of disciplines - including development studies, geography, politics, international relations, sociology, social anthropology, and economics.

Theories of Development, Third Edition

Contentions, Arguments, Alternatives

Author: Richard Peet,Elaine Hartwick

Publisher: Guilford Publications

ISBN: 1462519571

Category: Social Science

Page: 370

View: 1996

This widely adopted text starts with the fundamentals--what is economic growth, what is development, and what is the relationship between these two concepts? The authors examine orthodox theories of growth grounded in different schools of economics (classical, neoclassical, Keynesian, neoliberal) before considering critical alternatives (Marxist, socialist, poststructuralist, and feminist). The book elucidates the basic ideas that underpin contemporary controversies and debates surrounding economic growth, environmental crisis, and global inequality. It highlights points of contention among the various theories andÿlinks them to historical and current world events. New to This Edition *Reflects the latest data and global development trends, such as the effects on economies of extreme weather events and climate change. *New discussions throughout the chapters, including the work of Thomas Piketty, Richard Florida, William Easterly, Niall Ferguson, and Arturo Escobar. *Responds to current crises, including the global financial meltdown and its consequences and the rise of finance capitalism.

Development and Social Change

A Global Perspective

Author: Philip McMichael

Publisher: Pine Forge Press

ISBN: 1412992079

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 383

View: 7452

In his Fifth Edition of Development and Social Change: A Global Perspective, author Philip McMichael examines the project of globalization and its instabilities (climate, energy, food, financial crises) through the lens of development and its origins in the colonial project. The book continues to help students make sense of a complex world in transition and explains how globalization became part of public discourse. Filled with case studies, this text makes the intricacies of globalization concrete, meaningful, and clear for students and moves them away from simple social evolutionary views, encouraging them to connect social change, development policies, global inequalities and social movements. The book challenges students to see themselves as global citizens whose consumption decisions have real social and ecological implications.

The Wealth of Networks

How Social Production Transforms Markets and Freedom

Author: Yochai Benkler

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300125771

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 515

View: 1148

With the radical changes in information production that the Internet has introduced, we stand at an important moment of transition, says Yochai Benkler in this thought-provoking book. The phenomenon he describes as social production is reshaping markets, while at the same time offering new opportunities to enhance individual freedom, cultural diversity, political discourse, and justice. But these results are by no means inevitable: a systematic campaign to protect the entrenched industrial information economy of the last century threatens the promise of today’s emerging networked information environment. In this comprehensive social theory of the Internet and the networked information economy, Benkler describes how patterns of information, knowledge, and cultural production are changing--and shows that the way information and knowledge are made available can either limit or enlarge the ways people can create and express themselves. He describes the range of legal and policy choices that confront us and maintains that there is much to be gained--or lost--by the decisions we make today.