Dictionary of Word Origins

The Histories of More Than 8,000 English-Language Words

Author: John Ayto

Publisher: Arcade

ISBN: 9781611450538

Category: Reference

Page: 592

View: 4171

What is the link between map and apron, acrobat and oxygen, zeal and jealousy, flour and pollen, secret and crime? Did you know that crimson originally comes from the name of tiny scale insects, the kermes, from whose dried bodies a red dyestuff is made? That Yankee began as a nickname for Dutchmen? That omelette evolved from amulette, “a thin sheet of metal,” and is a not-too- distant cousin of the word laminate? That jeans find their antecedent in jean fustian, meaning “a cotton fabric from Genoa”? The Dictionary of Word Origins uncovers the hidden and often surprising connection between words. Written in a clear and informative style, the more than 8,000 articles reveal the origins of and links between some of the most common English-language words. They also contain an extensive selection of words whose life histories are intrinsically fascinating or instructive. This dictionary shows how modern English has developed from its Indo-European roots and how the various influences on the language—from migration and invasion to exploration, trade, technology, and scholarship—have intermingled. It is an invaluable addition to any English or linguistics library.

The Painted Word

A Treasure Chest of Remarkable Words and Their Origins

Author: Phil Cousineau

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 1936740257

Category: Reference

Page: 336

View: 6996

To untangle the knot of interlocking meanings of these painted words, logophile and mythologist Phil Cousineau begins each fascinating word entry with his own brief definition. He then fills it in with a tint of etymology and a smattering of quotes that show how the word is used, ending with a list of companion words. The words themselves range from commonplace — like biscuit, a twice-baked cake for Roman soldiers — to loanwords including chaparral, from the Basque shepherds who came to the American West; words from myths, such as hector; metamorphosis words, like silly, which evolved holy to goofy in a mere thousand years; and words well worthy of revival, such as carrytale, a wandering storyteller. Whether old-fangled or brand new, all the words included in The Painted Word possess an ineffable quality that makes them luminous.

Anthropocentrism

Humans, Animals, Environments

Author: Rob Boddice

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004187944

Category: Social Science

Page: 348

View: 599

This collection explores assumptions behind the label ‘anthropocentrism’, critically enquiring into the meaning of ‘human’. It addresses epistemological and ontological problems in charges of anthropocentrism, questioning the inherent anthropocentrism of all human perspectives, while seeking ‘other’ views that trump anthropocentrism.

Introduction to Private Security

Author: John S. Dempsey

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 0495809853

Category: Social Science

Page: 480

View: 3213

This uniquely practical introduction to private security emphasizes professionalism and ethics and demonstrates how public law enforcement and private security work in tandem to solve problems and protect both individuals and businesses. INTRODUCTION TO PRIVATE SECURITY focuses on practical, real-world concepts and applications and includes detailed coverage of everything from industry background and related law to premise, retail, business, employment, and information/computer security as well as investigation, surveillance, and even homeland security. Throughout, the emphasis is on providing students with a clear sense of the numerous career opportunities available in this rapidly expanding field -- including real-world insight on how to get a job in private security, concrete information on the skills needed, and succinct overviews of day-to-day job responsibilities. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Wordcatcher

An Odyssey into the World of Weird and Wonderful Words

Author: Phil Cousineau

Publisher: Cleis Press

ISBN: 1573444006

Category: Reference

Page: 202

View: 6066

The English poet W.H. Auden was once asked to teach a poetry class. 200 students applied, but he only had space for 20. When asked how he chose his students, he said he picked only those who truly loved words. Wordcatcher is a book for just such people: people who are fascinated by words, their origins, history and meaning. Who would ever have thought the country of Canada was named after a mistake? Or that all the adventures of Ancient Greek sailors rest on the word 'nostalgia'? Cousineau's delightful and fascinating book is the perfect gift for anyone with a love of words.

Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit

Author: Yuval Noah Harari

Publisher: DVA

ISBN: 364110498X

Category: History

Page: 528

View: 3905

Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.

Jean-Jacques Rousseau in American literature

traces, influence, transformation, 1760-1860 : a paradigm of French-German culture emanation in America

Author: Frederick William Dame

Publisher: Peter Lang Pub Inc

ISBN: N.A

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 428

View: 7887

Spelling Connections 2004

Grade 8

Author: Richard Gentry

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780736720731

Category: English language

Page: 344

View: 1069

"Spelling Connections embraces a research base calling for children in emergent literacy to create developmentally appropriate spellings that will enable them to write for their own purposes, even as they learn correct spellings." (p. Z10).

Spelling Connections

Level 3

Author: J. Richard Gentry, Ph.D.

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780736720618

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: N.A

View: 4765

Die Amerikanische Sprache

Das Englisch der Vereinigten Staaten

Author: H. L. Mencken,Heinrich Spies

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3663161374

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 180

View: 9697

Dieser Buchtitel ist Teil des Digitalisierungsprojekts Springer Book Archives mit Publikationen, die seit den Anfängen des Verlags von 1842 erschienen sind. Der Verlag stellt mit diesem Archiv Quellen für die historische wie auch die disziplingeschichtliche Forschung zur Verfügung, die jeweils im historischen Kontext betrachtet werden müssen. Dieser Titel erschien in der Zeit vor 1945 und wird daher in seiner zeittypischen politisch-ideologischen Ausrichtung vom Verlag nicht beworben.

Die Macht der Sechs

Das Erbe von Lorien. Roman

Author: Pittacus Lore

Publisher: Aufbau Digital

ISBN: 3841204120

Category: Juvenile Fiction

Page: 384

View: 1620

Die Jagd geht weiter. Ich habe ihn in den Nachrichten gesehen. John Smith, irgendwo da draußen, auf der Flucht. Für die Welt ist er ein Mysterium. Für mich ist er einer von uns. Ich kann es fühlen. Und ich weiß, dass ich ihn finden muss. Der neue Band der Erfolgsserie "Das Erbe von Lorien". Sie haben Nummer Eins, Zwei und Drei getötet. Sie versuchten es bei Nummer Vier. Sie haben versagt. Sechs von uns leben noch. Wir sind bereit zum Kampf. Und unser Erbe entwickelt sich. Nummer Sieben lebt mit ihrer Cêpan in Spanien. Von dort verfolgt sie die Ereignisse in Paradise. Sie ist sicher: John Smith ist einer der ihren. Als sie sich auf die Suche nach ihm macht, wird sie von den Mogadori aufgehalten. Währenddessen kämpft auch John gegen die Mogadori – und gegen seine Gefühle für Sechs. Ist er doch dazu bestimmt, mit einer Frau von Lorien zusammen zu sein? Was ist mit Sarah? Und wo stecken die Restlichen der Garde?

History of Wine Words

An Intoxicating Dictionary of Etymology and Word Histories from the Vineyard, Glass, and Bottle

Author: Charles Hodgson

Publisher: P2peak Press

ISBN: 9780981122403

Category: Cooking

Page: 208

View: 9545

A stimulant at dinner parties, wine tastings and cocktail parties. Plus, as a gift, this book makes an excellent accompaniment to a housewarming bottle. ⿿A great read.⿿ ⿿Rod Phillips, author of A Short History of Wine ⿿Certain to find a wide and grateful readership.⿿ ⿿Anatoly Liberman, blogger The Oxford Etymologist and author of An Analytic Dictionary of English Etymology ⿿Enlightening, engaging and essential.⿿ ⿿John W. Fischer, author and Associate Professor at The Culinary Institute of America ⿿Immensely enjoyable to read⿦well done.⿿ ⿿Tom Wark, Fermentation wine blog and originator of American Wine Blog Awards ⿿I was delighted⿦I learned a lot.⿿ ⿿Debbie Trenholm, Accredited Sommelier & International Society of Wine Educators member Wine's presence at our table is more than 8,000 years old and our conversation and use of words reflects this long familiarity. History of Wine Words is a collection of nearly 400 of the words you use when you enjoy wine, shop for wine or discuss wine with your friends; along with the origins and stories behind the words. The names of wines, grapes and vineyards are explored and bring to life fascinating vignettes from the development of our ancient wine traditions as well as illuminating our habits of speech.

An American Dictionary of the English Language

Containing the Whole Vocabulary of the First Edition, the Entire Corrections and Improvements of the Second Edition, to which is Prefixed an Introductory Dissertation on the Origin, History, and Connection, of the Languages of Western Asia and Europe, with an Explanation of the Principles on which Languages are Formed

Author: Noah Webster

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: English language

Page: 1376

View: 9804

Sophiechen und der Riese

Author: Roald Dahl

Publisher: Rowohlt Verlag GmbH

ISBN: 3644567611

Category: Juvenile Fiction

Page: 256

View: 4484

Und dann war er da! Acht Meter groß war er. Seinen schwarzen Umhang trug er so elegant wie ein vornehmer Herr. Die dünne Trompete hatte er immer noch in der Hand. So schritt er würdevoll über den königlichen Parkrasen auf das Fenster zu. Die Zofe kreischte. Die Königin seufzte. Und Sophiechen winkte. Der gute Riese GuRie pustet den Menschenkindern mit einer Trompete schöne Träume in die Schlafzimmer – bis Sophiechen ihn eines Nachts dabei entdeckt. Kurzerhand nimmt sie der GuRie mit ins Riesenland, wo nicht alle Riesen so nett sind wie er. Ganz im Gegenteil: Sie fressen sogar Menschen! Gemeinsam schmieden Sophiechen und der Riese einen Plan, wie sie den bösen Riesen ein für alle Mal das Handwerk legen können. Doch dafür brauchen sie die Hilfe der englischen Königin ... Ausgezeichnet mit dem Deutschen Jugendliteraturpreis

Reference Sources for Small and Medium-sized Libraries

Author: Jack O'Gorman

Publisher: Amer Library Assn

ISBN: 9780838909430

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 329

View: 8955

An annotated bibliography lists reference sources for small and medium-sized libraries and includes updates information on such resources as CD-ROMs, electronic databases, the Internet, and Web 2.0.

Dr. Samuel Johnson

Leben und Meinungen

Author: James Boswell,Fritz Güttinger

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783257066739

Category:

Page: 818

View: 9878

Bloomsbury Dictionary of Word Origins

Author: John Ayto

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780747509714

Category: English language

Page: 582

View: 302

The average English speaker knows 50,000 words in contemporary use - 25 more words than there are stars in the night sky visible to the naked eye. Yet stripped down to its origins, this apparently huge vocabulary is in reality a much smaller number of words from Latin, French and the Germanic languages. It is estimated that every year, 800 neologisms are added to the English language: acronyms - 'yuppie', blended words - 'motel', and those taken from foreign languages - 'savoir-faire'. The Bloomsbury Dictionary of Word Origins provides a concise history of over 8,000 of the most commonly used words. The range of information spans from derivations as simple as 'a' and 'one' from 'an', to historical relations between words which would be obscure to all but the most lexically-minded. For instance 'vice' with its several uses in English - a wickedness, a holding tool - is derived via Old French from two separate Latin words: 'vitium' (defect, offence), and 'vitis' (vine) which gave 'viticulture'. The Bloomsbury Dictionary of Word Origins demonstrates how the diverse influences on English have given rise to some unlikely but fascinating lexical relations. 'Bishop' had no ecclesiastical