Digital Methods and Remote Sensing in Archaeology

Archaeology in the Age of Sensing

Author: Maurizio Forte,Stefano Campana

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319406582

Category: Social Science

Page: 496

View: 4966

​​This volume debuts the new scope of Remote Sensing, which was first defined as the analysis of data collected by sensors that were not in physical contact with the objects under investigation (using cameras, scanners, and radar systems operating from spaceborne or airborne platforms). A wider characterization is now possible: Remote Sensing can be any non-destructive approach to viewing the buried and nominally invisible evidence of past activity. Spaceborne and airborne sensors, now supplemented by laser scanning, are united using ground-based geophysical instruments and undersea remote sensing, as well as other non-invasive techniques such as surface collection or field-walking survey. Now, any method that enables observation of evidence on or beneath the surface of the earth, without impact on the surviving stratigraphy, is legitimately within the realm of Remote Sensing. ​The new interfaces and senses engaged in Remote Sensing appear throughout the book. On a philosophical level, this is about the landscapes and built environments that reveal history through place and time. It is about new perspectives—the views of history possible with Remote Sensing and fostered in part by immersive, interactive 3D and 4D environments discussed in this volume. These perspectives are both the result and the implementation of technological, cultural, and epistemological advances in record keeping, interpretation, and conceptualization. Methodology presented here builds on the current ease and speed in collecting data sets on the scale of the object, site, locality, and landscape. As this volume shows, many disciplines surrounding archaeology and related cultural studies are currently involved in Remote Sensing, and its relevance will only increase as the methodology expands.

Scientific Computing and Cultural Heritage

Contributions in Computational Humanities

Author: Hans Georg Bock,Willi Jäger,Michael J. Winckler

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642280218

Category: Mathematics

Page: 290

View: 5053

The sheer computing power of modern information technology is changing the face of research not just in science, technology and mathematics, but in humanities and cultural studies too. Recent decades have seen a major shift both in attitudes and deployment of computers, which are now vital and highly effective tools in disciplines where they were once viewed as elaborate typewriters. This revealing volume details the vast array of computing applications that researchers in the humanities now have recourse to, including the dissemination of scholarly information through virtual ‘co-laboratories’, data retrieval, and the modeling of complex processes that contribute to our natural and cultural heritage. One key area covered in this book is the versatility of computers in presenting images and graphics, which is transforming the analysis of data sets and archaeological reconstructions alike. The papers published here are grouped into three broad categories that cover mathematical and computational methods, research developments in information systems, and a detailed portrayal of ongoing work on documenting, restoring and presenting cultural monuments including the temples in Pompeii and the Banteay Chhmar temples of the Angkorian period in present-day Cambodia. Originally presented at a research workshop in Heidelberg, Germany, they reflect the rapidly developing identity of computational humanities as an interdisciplinary field in its own right, as well as demonstrating the breadth of perspectives in this young and vibrant research area.

Big Data in Computational Social Science and Humanities

Author: Shu-Heng Chen

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319954652

Category: Computers

Page: 388

View: 2889

This edited volume focuses on big data implications for computational social science and humanities from management to usage. The first part of the book covers geographic data, text corpus data, and social media data, and exemplifies their concrete applications in a wide range of fields including anthropology, economics, finance, geography, history, linguistics, political science, psychology, public health, and mass communications. The second part of the book provides a panoramic view of the development of big data in the fields of computational social sciences and humanities. The following questions are addressed: why is there a need for novel data governance for this new type of data?, why is big data important for social scientists?, and how will it revolutionize the way social scientists conduct research? With the advent of the information age and technologies such as Web 2.0, ubiquitous computing, wearable devices, and the Internet of Things, digital society has fundamentally changed what we now know as "data", the very use of this data, and what we now call "knowledge". Big data has become the standard in social sciences, and has made these sciences more computational. Big Data in Computational Social Science and Humanities will appeal to graduate students and researchers working in the many subfields of the social sciences and humanities.

Placing History

How Maps, Spatial Data, and GIS are Changing Historical Scholarship

Author: Anne Kelly Knowles,Amy Hillier

Publisher: ESRI, Inc.

ISBN: 1589480139

Category: Science

Page: 313

View: 9847

CD-ROM contains: Four Microsoft PowerPoint presentations and interactive mapping exercises, some of which extend the scholarly material and addressess new issues related to historical GIS.

GIS Guide to Good Practice

Author: Archaeology Data Service

Publisher: Oxbow Books Limited

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 88

View: 5796

This guide provides advice on good practice in GIS.

Space, Time, Place

Third International Conference on Remote Sensing in Archaeology : 17th-21st August 2009, Tiruchirappalli, Tamil, Nadu, India

Author: Maurizio Forte,Stefano Campana,Claudia Liuzza

Publisher: British Archaeological Reports Limited

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 426

View: 4199

Third International Conference on Remote Sensing in Archaeology, 17th-21st August 2009, Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu, India

Identity and Heritage

Contemporary Challenges in a Globalized World

Author: Peter F. Biehl,Douglas C. Comer,Christopher Prescott,Hilary A. Soderland

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319096893

Category: Social Science

Page: 172

View: 4069

This book will suggest new agendas for identity and heritage studies by means of presenting contentious issues facing archaeology and heritage management in a globalized world. The book is not only present the variability of heritage objectives and experiences in the New and Old World, and opens a discussion, in a shrinking world, to look beyond national and regional contexts. If the heritage sector and archaeology are to remain relevant in our contemporary world and the near future, there are a number of questions concerning the politics, practices and narratives related to heritage and identity that must be addressed. Questions of relevance in an affluent, cosmopolitan setting are at odds with those relevant for a region emerging from civil war or ethnic strife, or a national minority battling oppression or ethnic cleansing. A premise is that heritage represents a broad scope of empirically and theoretically sound interpretations – that heritage is a response to contemporary forces, as much as data. It is therefore necessary constantly to evaluate what is scientifically accurate as well as what is valid and relevant and what can have a contemporary impact.

Optimization with PDE Constraints

ESF Networking Program 'OPTPDE'

Author: Ronald Hoppe

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319080253

Category: Computers

Page: 402

View: 6724

This book on PDE Constrained Optimization contains contributions on the mathematical analysis and numerical solution of constrained optimal control and optimization problems where a partial differential equation (PDE) or a system of PDEs appears as an essential part of the constraints. The appropriate treatment of such problems requires a fundamental understanding of the subtle interplay between optimization in function spaces and numerical discretization techniques and relies on advanced methodologies from the theory of PDEs and numerical analysis as well as scientific computing. The contributions reflect the work of the European Science Foundation Networking Programme ’Optimization with PDEs’ (OPTPDE).

Guide

A Guide to Departments, a Directory of Members

Author: American Anthropological Association

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Anthropology

Page: N.A

View: 1044

Basiswissen Archäologie

Theorien, Methoden, Praxis

Author: Colin Renfrew,Paul G. Bahn

Publisher: Philipp Von Zabern Verlag Gmbh

ISBN: 9783805339483

Category: History

Page: 304

View: 2492

Mit mehr als 150.000 verkauften Exemplaren gilt der Band Archaeology: Theories, Methods and Practice im englischsprachigen Raum bereits jetzt als Standardwerk im Fach Archaologie. Diese jetzt erstmals auf Deutsch vorliegende sorgfaltig uberarbeitete und zum Teil vollig neu geschriebene Fassung ist eine ausserst gut lesbare Einfuhrung fur alle, die sich fur Archaologie interessieren und eine kompakte Darstellung der Methoden und Praxis archaologischer Arbeit suchen. Beruhmte Archaologen und Ausgrabungsstatten passieren Revue. Inhaltlich ist das Buch auf der Hohe der Forschung, auch die neuesten technischen Methoden und Technologien werden behandelt. (Philipp von Zabern 2009)

Theory of the Earth: With Proofs and Illustrations;

Author: Archibald Geikie,James Hutton

Publisher: Wentworth Press

ISBN: 9780270254785

Category: Religion

Page: 316

View: 5979

This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important, and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work was reproduced from the original artifact, and remains as true to the original work as possible. Therefore, you will see the original copyright references, library stamps (as most of these works have been housed in our most important libraries around the world), and other notations in the work. This work is in the public domain in the United States of America, and possibly other nations. Within the United States, you may freely copy and distribute this work, as no entity (individual or corporate) has a copyright on the body of the work. As a reproduction of a historical artifact, this work may contain missing or blurred pages, poor pictures, errant marks, etc. Scholars believe, and we concur, that this work is important enough to be preserved, reproduced, and made generally available to the public. We appreciate your support of the preservation process, and thank you for being an important part of keeping this knowledge alive and relevant.

Einführung in die Archäometrie

Author: Günther A. Wagner

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3540719377

Category: Science

Page: 374

View: 8143

Archäometrie befasst sich mit der Entwicklung und Anwendung naturwissenschaftlicher Methoden und Konzepte zur Lösung archäologischer Fragestellungen. Damit forscht sie an der Schnittstelle zwischen Natur- und Geisteswissenschaften. Archäologen, Physiker, Chemiker, Bio- und Geowissenschaftler geben hier einen Überblick über den heutigen Stand der vielfältigen archäometrischen Ansätze: Grundlagen, Fallbeispiele und Anwendungsmöglichkeiten. Die Themen: Materialanalytik, Datierung, geophysikalische Prospektion, Archäometallurgie, Molekulargenetik, geoarchäologische Umweltrekonstruktion und die Kulturentwicklung durch den Klimawandel.

Plattform-Kapitalismus

Author: Nick Srnicek

Publisher: Hamburger Edition HIS

ISBN: 386854934X

Category: Political Science

Page: 144

View: 6771

Was vereint Google, Facebook, Apple, Microsoft, Monsanto, Uber und Airbnb? Sie alle sind Unternehmen, die Hardware und Software für andere bereitstellen, mit dem Ziel, möglichst geschlossene sozio-ökonomische Tech-Systeme zu schaffen. Google kontrolliert die Recherche, Facebook regiert Social Media und Amazon ist führend beim E-Commerce. Doch nicht nur Technologie-Unternehmen bauen Plattformen auf, auch Traditionsfirmen wie Siemens entwickeln ein cloudbasiertes Produktionssystem. Plattformen sind in der Lage, immense Daten zu gewinnen, zu nutzen und zu verkaufen – Monopolisierungstendenzen sind die "natürliche" Folge. Sind wir auf dem Weg in einen digitalen Monopolkapitalismus? Diese Streitschrift ist unerlässlich für alle, die verstehen wollen, wie die mächtigsten technologischen Unternehmen unserer Zeit die globale Ökonomie verändern.

Feldforschungsnotizbücher

Author: Michael Taussig

Publisher: Hatje Cantz Pub

ISBN: 9783775728508

Category: Art

Page: 23

View: 1056

What is it that makes notebooks so fascinating? Anthropologist Michael Taussig, for whom fieldwork notebooks are indispensable, discusses notorious notetakers Walter Benjamin, Roland Barthes, Le Corbusier and Joan Didion among others.

Geschichte der Universität in Europa

Author: Walter Rüegg,Asa Briggs

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 9783406369537

Category: Education, Higher

Page: 542

View: 8338

Dieses auf vier Bände angelegte Werk ist eine Geschichte der "Institution Universität" in Europa von ihrer Entstehung im Mittelalter bis in die heutige Zeit und zugleich eine vergleichende Geschichte der europäischen Universitäten sowie der außereuropäischen Universitäten, die nach europäischem Muster gegründet worden sind. Es wird auf Initiative der europäischen Rektorenkonferenz (CRE), der über 500 wissenschaftliche Hochschulen in 27 europäischen Staaten angehören, von einem internationalen Komitee namhafter Wissenschaftler unter dem Vorsitz von Walter Rüegg (Schweiz) herausgegeben. Absicht dieses Gemeinschaftswerkes ist es, die gesellschaftlichen Rahmenbedingungen und Aufgaben, die Merkmale geistiger und institutioneller Identität, die Strukturen, Gestaltungen und Hauptprobleme der europäischen Universitäten in ihren geschichtlichen Grundlagen und Veränderungen, aber auch in ihren regionalen Unterschieden, auf dem heutigen Forschungsstand vergleichend und zusammenfassend darzustellen.

Politische Landschaft

zur Kunstgeschichte der Natur

Author: Martin Warnke

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Art

Page: 189

View: 1555