Dignity for the Voiceless

Willem Assies's Anthropological Work in Context

Author: Ton Salman,Salvador Martí i Puig,Gemma van der Haar

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 1782382933

Category: Social Science

Page: 348

View: 3146

Willem Assies died in 2010 at the age of 55. The various stages of his career as a political anthropologist of Latin American illustrate how astute a researcher he was. He had a keen eye for the contradictions he observed during his fieldwork but also enjoyed theoretical debate. A distrust of power led him not only to attempt to understand "people without voice" but to work alongside them so they could discover and find their own voice. Willem Assies explored the messy, often untidy daily lives of people, with their inconsistencies, irrationalities, and passions, but also with their hopes, sense of beauty, solidarity, and quest for dignity. This collection brings together some of Willem Assies's best, most fascinating, and still highly relevant writings.

Enhancing Democracy

Public Policies and Citizen Participation in Chile

Author: 
Gonzalo Delamaza

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 1782385479

Category: Political Science

Page: 308

View: 7880

Since the end of the Pinochet regime, Chilean public policy has sought to rebuild democratic governance in the country. This book examines the links between the state and civil society in Chile and the ways social policies have sought to ensure the inclusion of the poor in society and democracy. Although Chile has gained political stability and grown economically, the ability of social policies to expand democratic governance and participation has proved limited, and in fact such policies have become subordinate to an elitist model of democracy and resulted in a restrictive form of citizen participation.

Housing and Belonging in Latin America

Author: Christien Klaufus,Arij Ouweneel

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 1782387412

Category: Social Science

Page: 344

View: 9531

The intricacies of living in contemporary Latin American cities include cases of both empowerment and restriction. In Lima, residents built their own homes and formed community organizations, while in Rio de Janeiro inhabitants of the favelas needed to be "pacified" in anticipation of international sporting events. Aspirations to "get ahead in life" abound in the region, but so do multiple limitations to realizing the dream of upward mobility. This volume captures the paradoxical histories and experiences of urban life in Latin America, offering new empirical and theoretical insights to scholars.

Central America in the New Millennium

Living Transition and Reimagining Democracy

Author: Jennifer L. Burrell,Ellen Moodie

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 0857457527

Category: Political Science

Page: 333

View: 9187

Most non-Central Americans think of the narrow neck between Mexico and Colombia in terms of dramatic past revolutions and lauded peace agreements, or sensational problems of gang violence and natural disasters. In this volume, the contributors examine regional circumstances within frames of democratization and neoliberalism, as they shape lived experiences of transition. The authors—anthropologists and social scientists from the United States, Europe, and Central America—argue that the process of regions and nations “disappearing” (being erased from geopolitical notice) is integral to upholding a new, post-Cold War world order—and that a new framework for examining political processes must be accessible, socially collaborative, and in dialogue with the lived processes of suffering and struggle engaged by people in Central America and the world in the name of democracy.

To get out of the mud

neighborhood associativism in Recife, 1964-1988

Author: Willem Assies

Publisher: Cedla Edita

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 332

View: 1404

Against the background of the ongoing debate on 'urban social movements' in Brazil, this study aims to reconstruct the development of neighbourhood associations in the north-eastern city of Recife (Pernambuco) between 1964 and 1988.

Structures of Power, Movements of Resistance

An Introduction to the Theories of Urban Movements in Latin America

Author: Willem Assies,Gerrit Burgwal,Ton Salman

Publisher: Cedla Edita

ISBN: 9789070280130

Category: History

Page: 242

View: 8492

An Introduction to the Theories of Urban Movements in Latin America

People, Aid and Institutions in Socio-economic Recovery

Facing Fragilities

Author: Dorothea Hilhorst,Bart Weijs,Gemma van der Haar

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317428056

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 258

View: 6813

An estimated 2 billion people live in countries affected by fragility, conflict and violence. Extreme poverty is increasingly concentrated in these areas, and governments and international agencies seek avenues to enable socio-economic recovery and to support people as they try to rebuild their lives and livelihoods. People, Aid and Institutions in Socio-economic Recovery: Facing Fragilities provides an in-depth understanding of people’s strategies in the face of conflict and disaster-related fragility and examines how policies and aid interventions enable their socio-economic recovery – or fail to do so. Through field-based research, the book captures the complex and unfolding realities on the ground, exploring the interfaces between economic, social and institutional change. This provides a rich and unique vantage point from which to reflect on the impact of recovery policies. The book provides a set of cross-cutting findings that aim to inform policy and practice. The detailed case studies of the book lay bare key dynamics of recovery. Set against the findings from two chapters that review the literature, the cases provide evidence-based lessons for socio-economic recovery. The chapters combine qualitative and quantitative methodologies and form a valuable resource to researchers and postgraduate students of disaster management, conflict, humanitarian aid and social reconstruction, and development management.

Handbook of Social Movements Across Disciplines

Author: Bert Klandermans,Conny Roggeband

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387765808

Category: Social Science

Page: 326

View: 2265

This book aims to revisit the interdisciplinary roots of social movement studies. Each discipline raises its own questions and approaches the subject from a different angle or perspective. The chapters of this handbook are written by internationally renowned scholars representing the various disciplines involved. They each review the approach their sector has developed and discuss their disciplines’ contributions and insights to the knowledge of social movements. Furthermore, each chapter addresses the "unanswered questions" and discusses the overlaps with other fields as well as reviewing the interdisciplinary advances so far.

Urban Residence

Housing and Social Transformations in Globalizing Ecuador

Author: Christien Klaufus

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 0857453726

Category: Social Science

Page: 330

View: 8012

Riobamba and Cuenca, two intermediate cities in Ecuador, have become part of global networks through transnational migration, incoming remittances, tourism, and global economic connections. Their landscape is changing in several significant ways, a reflection of the social and urban transformations occurring in contemporary Ecuadorian society. Exploring the discourses and actions of two contrasting population groups, rarely studied in tandem, within these cities-popular-settlement residents and professionals in the planning and construction sector-this study analyzes how each is involved in house designs and neighborhood consolidation. Ideas, ambitions, and power relations come into play at every stage of the production and use of urban space, and as a result individual decisions about both house designs and the urban layout influence the development of the urban fabric. Knowledge about intermediate cities is crucial in order to understand current trends in the predominantly urban societies of Latin America, and this study is an example of needed interdisciplinary scholarship that contributes to the fields of urban studies, urban anthropology, sociology, and architecture.

The Challenge of Diversity

Indigenous Peoples and Reform of the State in Latin America

Author: Willem Assies,Gemma Van Der Haar,A. J. Hoekema

Publisher: Purdue University Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 315

View: 3032

Over the past several years new constitutions have been promulgated in many Latin American countries. A notable feature of the new constitutional frameworks is the recognition of the multiethnic and pluricultural character of these Latin American societies and States. Without question this fact reflects the new weight that indigenous movements have gained in political processes in the region. The recognition of multiethnicity constitutes a significant break with the previous perspective based on homogeneity and assimilation. Although this recognition of diversity is indeed important, the real test and challenge shall be the full implementation of diversity through concrete policies and institutional reforms.

Environment and Citizenship in Latin America

Natures, Subjects and Struggles

Author: Alex Latta,Hannah Wittman

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 0857457489

Category: Nature

Page: 262

View: 3855

Scholarship related to environmental questions in Latin America has only recently begun to coalesce around citizenship as both an empirical site of inquiry and an analytical frame of reference. This has led to a series of new insights and perspectives, but few efforts have been made to bring these various approaches into a sustained conversation across different social, temporal and geographic contexts. This volume is the result of a collaborative endeavour to advance debates on environmental citizenship, while simultaneously and systematically addressing broader theoretical and methodological questions related to the particularities of studying environment and citizenship in Latin America. Providing a window onto leading scholarship in the field, the book also sets an ambitious agenda to spark further research.

The New Extractivism

A Post-Neoliberal Development Model or Imperialism of the Twenty-First Century?

Author: James Petras,Henry Veltmeyer

Publisher: Zed Books Ltd.

ISBN: 1780329954

Category: Political Science

Page: 320

View: 8751

In a primary commodities boom spurred on by the rise of China, countries the world over are turning to the extraction of natural resources and the export of primary commodities as an antidote to the global recession. The New Extractivism addresses a fundamental dilemma faced by these governments: to pursue, or not, a development strategy based on resource extraction in the face of immense social and environmental costs, not to mention mass resistance from the people negatively affected by it. With fresh insight and analysis from Argentina, Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Mexico and Peru, this book looks at the political dynamics of capitalist development in a region where the neoliberal model is collapsing under the weight of a resistance movement lead by peasant farmers and indigenous communities. It calls for us to understand the new extractivism not as a viable development model for the post-neoliberal world, but as the dangerous emergence of a new form of imperialism.

Colombia from the inside

perspectives on drugs, war and peace

Author: Michiel Baud,Donny Meertens

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Colombia

Page: 122

View: 7170

Latin America Facing China

South-South Relations beyond the Washington Consensus

Author: Alex E. Fernandez Jilberto

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 0857456245

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 216

View: 3425

The last quarter of the twentieth century was a period of economic crises, increasing indebtedness as well as financial instability for Latin America and most other developing countries; in contrast, China showed amazingly high growth rates during this time and has since become the third largest economy in the world. Based on several case studies, this volume assesses how China’s rise – one of the most important recent changes in the global economy – is affecting Latin America’s national politics, political economy and regional and international relations. Several Latin American countries benefit from China’s economic growth, and China’s new role in international politics has been helpful to many leftist governments’ efforts in Latin America to end the Washington Consensus. The contributors to this thought provoking volume examine these and the other causes, effects and prospects of Latin America’s experiences with China’s global expansion from a South - South perspective.

Foodscapes, Foodfields, and Identities in Yucatán

Author: Steffan Igor Ayora Díaz

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 0857452207

Category: Cooking

Page: 311

View: 6402

The travel experience filled with personal trauma; the pilgrimagethrough a war-torn place; the journey with those suffering: theserepresent the darker sides of travel. This book explores the writingsand texts of dark journeys and travels. In traveling over the dead,amongst the dying, and alongside the suffering, the authors give us atour of humanity’s violence and misery. From this dark side,there comes great beauty and poignancy in the characterization ofplight; creativity in the comic, graphic, and graffiti sketches andcomments on life; and the sense of profound and spiritual journeysbeing undertaken, recorded, and memorialized.

Land, Poverty and Livelihoods in an Era of Globalization

Perspectives from Developing and Transition Countries

Author: A. Haroon Akram-Lodhi,Saturnino M. Borras Jr.,Cristóbal Kay

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134121911

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 448

View: 8122

A host of internationally eminent scholars are brought together here to explore the structural causes of rural poverty and income inequality, as well as the processes of social exclusion and political subordination encountered by the peasantry and rural workers across a wide range of countries. This volume examines the intersection of politics and economics and provides a critical analysis and framework for the study of neo-liberal land policies in the current phase of globalization. Utilizing new empirical evidence from ten countries, it provides an in-depth analysis of key country studies, a comparative analysis of agrarian reforms and their impact on rural poverty in Africa, Asia, Latin America and transition countries. Presenting an agrarian reform policy embedded in an appropriate development strategy, which is able to significantly reduce and hopefully eliminate rural poverty, this work is a key resource for postgraduate students studying in the areas of development economics, development studies and international political economy.

Environmental Governance in Latin America

Author: Fabio De Castro,Barbara Hogenboom,Michiel Baud

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137505729

Category: Political Science

Page: 338

View: 2196

This book is open access under a CC-BY license. The multiple purposes of nature – livelihood for communities, revenues for states, commodities for companies, and biodiversity for conservationists – have turned environmental governance in Latin America into a highly contested arena. In such a resource-rich region, unequal power relations, conflicting priorities, and trade-offs among multiple goals have led to a myriad of contrasting initiatives that are reshaping social relations and rural territories. This edited collection addresses these tensions by unpacking environmental governance as a complex process of formulating and contesting values, procedures and practices shaping the access, control and use of natural resources. Contributors from various fields address the challenges, limitations, and possibilities for a more sustainable, equal, and fair development. In this book, environmental governance is seen as an overarching concept defining the dynamic and multi-layered repertoire of society-nature interactions, where images of nature and discourses on the use of natural resources are mediated by contextual processes at multiple scales.

Post-Colonial Trajectories in the Caribbean

The Three Guianas

Author: Rosemarijn Hoefte,Matthew L. Bishop,Peter Clegg

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317014049

Category: Political Science

Page: 210

View: 4223

This book compares and contrasts the contemporary development experience of neighbouring, geographically similar countries with an analogous history of exploitation but by three different European colonisers. Studying the so-called ‘Three Guianas’ (Guyana, Suriname and French Guiana) offers a unique opportunity to look for similarities and differences in their contemporary patterns of development, particularly as they grapple with new and complex shifts in the regional, hemispheric and global context. Shaped decisively by their respective historical experiences, Guyana, in tandem with the laissez-faire approach of Britain toward its Caribbean colonies, was decolonised relatively early, in 1966, and has maintained a significant degree of distance from London. The hold of The Hague over Suriname, however, endured well after independence in 1975. French Guiana, by contrast, was decolonised much sooner than both of its neighbours, in 1946, but this was through full integration, thus cementing its place within the political economy and administrative structures of France itself. Traditionally isolated from the Caribbean, the wider Latin American continent and from each other, today, a range of similar issues – such as migration, resource extraction, infrastructure development and energy security – are coming to bear on their societies and provoking deep and complex changes.

Urban Commons

Rethinking the City

Author: Christian Borch,Martin Kornberger

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317702972

Category: Law

Page: 176

View: 7150

This book rethinks the city by examining its various forms of collectivity – their atmospheres, modes of exclusion and self-organization, as well as how they are governed – on the basis of a critical discussion of the notion of urban commons. The idea of the commons has received surprisingly little attention in urban theory, although the city may well be conceived as a shared resource. Urban Commons: Rethinking the City offers an attempt to reconsider what a city might be by studying how the notion of the commons opens up new understandings of urban collectivities, addressing a range of questions about urban diversity, urban governance, urban belonging, urban sexuality, urban subcultures, and urban poverty; but also by discussing in more methodological terms how one might study the urban commons. In these respects, the rethinking of the city undertaken in this book has a critical dimension, as the notion of the commons delivers new insights about how collective urban life is formed and governed.