Dimensional Analysis and Scale-up in Chemical Engineering

Author: Marko Zlokarnik

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642766730

Category: Science

Page: 178

View: 8740

Contemporary Chemical Process Engineers face complex design and research problems. Temperature-dependent physical properties and non-Newtonian flow behavior of substances in a process cannot be predicted by numerical mathematics. Scaling-up equipment for processing can often only be done with partial similarity methods. Standard textbooks often neglect topics like dimensional analysis, theory of similarity and scale-up. This book fills this gap! It is aimed both at university students and the process engineer. It presents dimensional analysis very comprehensively with illustrative examples of mechanical, thermal and chemical processes.

Scale-up in Chemical Engineering

Author: Marko Zlokarnik

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527607765

Category: Science

Page: 296

View: 3777

Covering the important task of the scale-up of processes from the laboratory to the production scale, this easily comprehensible and transparent book is divided into two sections. The first part details the theoretical principles, introducing the subject for readers without a profound prior knowledge of mathematics. It discusses the fundamentals of dimensional analysis, the treatment of temperature-dependent and rheological material values and scale-up where model systems or not available or only partly similar. All this is illustrated by 20 real-world examples, while 25 exercises plus solutions new to this edition practice and monitor learning. The second part presents the individual basic operations and covers the fields of mechanical, thermal, and chemical process engineering with respect to dimensional analysis and scale-up. The rules for scale-up are given and discussed for each operation. Other additions to this second edition are dimensional analysis of pelleting processes, and a historical overview of dimensional analysis and modeling, while all the chapters have been updated to take the latest literature into account. Written by a specialist with more than 40 years of experience in the industry, this book is specifically aimed at students as well as practicing engineers, chemists and process engineers already working in the field.

Dimensional Analysis of Food Processes

Author: Guillaume Delaplace,Karine Loubière,Fabrice Ducept,Romain Jeantet

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0081004877

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 356

View: 3076

This book deals with the modeling of food processing using dimensional analysis. When coupled to experiments and to the theory of similarity, dimensional analysis is indeed a generic, powerful and rigorous tool making it possible to understand and model complex processes for design, scale-up and /or optimization purposes. This book presents the theoretical basis of dimensional analysis with a step by step detail of the framework for applying dimensional analysis, with chapters respectively dedicated to the extension of dimensional analysis to changing physical properties and to the use of dimensional analysis as a tool for scaling-up processes. It includes several original examples issued from the research works of the authors in the food engineering field, illustrating the conceptual approaches presented and strengthen the teaching of all. Discusses popular dimensional analysis for knowledge and scaling-up tools with detailed case studies Emphasises the processes dealing with complex materials of a multiphase nature Introduces the concept of chemical or material similarity and a framework for analysis of the functional forms of the propoerty

Dimensional Analysis

Practical Guides in Chemical Engineering

Author: Jonathan Worstell

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann

ISBN: 0128012552

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 160

View: 4778

Practical Guides in Chemical Engineering are a cluster of short texts that each provides a focused introductory view on a single subject. The full library spans the main topics in the chemical process industries that engineering professionals require a basic understanding of. They are ‘pocket publications’ that the professional engineer can easily carry with them or access electronically while working. Each text is highly practical and applied, and presents first principles for engineers who need to get up to speed in a new area fast. The focused facts provided in each guide will help you converse with experts in the field, attempt your own initial troubleshooting, check calculations, and solve rudimentary problems. Dimensional Analysis provides the foundation for similitude and for up and downscaling. Aeronautical, Civil, and Mechanical Engineering have used Dimensional Analysis profitably for over one hundred years. Chemical Engineering has made limited use of it due to the complexity of chemical processes. However, Chemical Engineering can now employ Dimensional Analysis widely due to the free-for-use matrix calculators now available on the Internet. This book shows how to apply matrices to Dimensional Analysis. Practical, short, concise information on the basics will help you get an answer or teach yourself a new topic quickly Supported by industry examples to help you solve a real world problem Single subject volumes provide key facts for professionals

Scaling Chemical Processes

Practical Guides in Chemical Engineering

Author: Jonathan Worstell

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann

ISBN: 0128047690

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 186

View: 6984

Scaling Chemical Processes: Practical Guides in Chemical Engineering is one of a series of short texts that each provides a focused introductory view on a single subject. The full library spans the main topics in the chemical process industries for engineering professionals who require a basic grounding in various related topics. They are ‘pocket publications’ that the professional engineer can easily carry with them or access electronically while working. Each text is highly practical and applied, and presents first principles for engineers who need to get up to speed in a new area fast. The focused facts provided in each guide will help you converse with experts in the field, attempt your own initial troubleshooting, check calculations, and solve rudimentary problems. This book discusses scaling chemical processes from a laboratory through a pilot plant to a commercial plant. It bases scaling on similarity principles and uses dimensional analysis to derive the dimensionless parameters necessary to ensure a successful chemical process development program. This series is fully endorsed and co-branded by the IChemE, and they help to promote the series. Offers practical, short, concise information on the basics to help you get an answer or teach yourself a new topic quickly Includes industry examples to help you solve real world problems Provides key facts for professionals in convenient single subject volumes Discusses scaling chemical processes from a laboratory through a pilot plant to a commercial plant

Fluid Mechanics for Chemical Engineers

Author: Ron Darby,Raj P. Chhabra

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781498724425

Category:

Page: 536

View: 2720

This book provides readers with the most current, accurate, and practical fluid mechanics related applications that the practicing BS level engineer needs today in the chemical and related industries, in addition to a fundamental understanding of these applications based upon sound fundamental basic scientific principles. The emphasis remains on problem solving, and the new edition includes many more examples.

Food Processing Operations and Scale-up

Author: Kenneth J. Valentas,J. Peter Clark,Leon Levin

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780824782795

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 408

View: 2860

Intended for students and practitioners who have a basic education in chemical engineering or food science. Contains basic information in each area and describes some of the fundamental ideas of processing development and design. Examines the food industry structure, how it works, consumer products,

Analysis, Synthesis, and Design of Chemical Processes

Author: Richard Turton

Publisher: Prentice Hall

ISBN: 0132618125

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1007

View: 1194

"Process design is the focal point of chemical engineering practice: the creative activity through which engineers continuously improve facility operations to create products that enhance life. Effective chemical engineering design requires students to integrate a broad spectrum of knowledge and intellectual skills, so they can analyze both the big picture and minute details - and know when to focus on each. Through three previous editions, this book has established itself as the leading resource for students seeking to apply what they've learned in real-world, open-ended process problems. The authors help students hone and synthesize their design skills through expert coverage of preliminary equipment sizing, flowsheet optimization, economic evaluation, operation and control, simulation, and other key topics. This new Fourth Edition is extensively updated to reflect new technologies, simulation techniques, and process control strategies, and to include new pedagogical features including concise summaries and end-of-chapter lists of skills and knowledge."--pub. desc.

Advanced Data Analysis and Modelling in Chemical Engineering

Author: Denis Constales,Gregory S. Yablonsky,Dagmar R. D'hooge,Joris W. Thybaut,Guy B. Marin

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0444594841

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 414

View: 2935

Advanced Data Analysis and Modeling in Chemical Engineering provides the mathematical foundations of different areas of chemical engineering and describes typical applications. The book presents the key areas of chemical engineering, their mathematical foundations, and corresponding modeling techniques. Modern industrial production is based on solid scientific methods, many of which are part of chemical engineering. To produce new substances or materials, engineers must devise special reactors and procedures, while also observing stringent safety requirements and striving to optimize the efficiency jointly in economic and ecological terms. In chemical engineering, mathematical methods are considered to be driving forces of many innovations in material design and process development. Presents the main mathematical problems and models of chemical engineering and provides the reader with contemporary methods and tools to solve them Summarizes in a clear and straightforward way, the contemporary trends in the interaction between mathematics and chemical engineering vital to chemical engineers in their daily work Includes classical analytical methods, computational methods, and methods of symbolic computation Covers the latest cutting edge computational methods, like symbolic computational methods

Adiabatic Fixed-Bed Reactors

Practical Guides in Chemical Engineering

Author: Jonathan Worstell

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann

ISBN: 0128014660

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 150

View: 2782

Practical Guides in Chemical Engineering are a cluster of short texts that each provides a focused introductory view on a single subject. The full library spans the main topics in the chemical process industries that engineering professionals require a basic understanding of. They are ‘pocket publications’ that professional engineers can easily carry with them or access electronically while working. Each text is highly practical and applied, and presents first principles for engineers who need to get up to speed in a new area fast. The focused facts provided in each guide will help you converse with experts in the field, attempt your own initial troubleshooting, check calculations, and solve rudimentary problems. Adiabatic Fixed-bed Reactors covers the fundamentals of fixed-bed reactors, including various types and their physical properties. Applications of each device type are discussed, as well as trouble-shooting Solid-supported Catalysts. This text is ideal for any engineer who is new to working with fixed-bed reactors and needs to know the basics quickly and easily. Practical, short, concise information on the basics will help you get an answer or teach yourself a new topic quickly Supported by industry examples to help you solve a real world problem Single subject volumes provide key facts for professionals

Modeling of Chemical Kinetics and Reactor Design

Author: A. Kayode Coker

Publisher: Gulf Professional Publishing

ISBN: 9780884154815

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1096

View: 8938

Selecting the best type of reactor for any particular chemical reaction, taking into consideration safety, hazard analysis, scale-up, and many other factors is essential to any industrial problem. An understanding of chemical reaction kinetics and the design of chemical reactors is key to the success of the of the chemist and the chemical engineer in such an endeavor. This valuable reference volume conveys a basic understanding of chemical reactor design methodologies, incorporating control, hazard analysis, and other topics not covered in similar texts. In addition to covering fluid mixing, the treatment of wastewater, and chemical reactor modeling, the author includes sections on safety in chemical reaction and scale-up, two topics that are often neglected or overlooked. As a real-world introduction to the modeling of chemical kinetics and reactor design, the author includes a case study on ammonia synthesis that is integrated throughout the text. The text also features an accompanying CD, which contains computer programs developed to solve modeling problems using numerical methods. Students, chemists, technologists, and chemical engineers will all benefit from this comprehensive volume. Shows readers how to select the best reactor design, hazard analysis, and safety in design methodology Features computer programs developed to solve modeling problems using numerical methods

Chemical Reactor Development

from Laboratory Synthesis to Industrial Production

Author: D. Thoenes

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 940158382X

Category: Science

Page: 348

View: 3600

Chemical Reactor Development is written primarily for chemists and chemical engineers who are concerned with the development of a chemical synthesis from the laboratory bench scale, where the first successful experiments are performed, to the design desk, where the first commercial reactor is conceived. It is also written for those chemists and chemical engineers who are concerned with the further development of a chemical process with the objective of enhancing the performance of an existing industrial plant, as well as for students of chemistry and chemical engineering. In Part I, the `how' and the `why' of chemical reaction engineering are explained, particularly for those who are not familiar with this area. Part II deals with the effects of a number of physical phenomena on the outcome of chemical reactions, such as micro and meso-mixing and residence time distribution, mass transfer between two phases, and the formation of another phase, such as in precipitations. These scale-dependent effects are not only important in view of the conversion of chemical reactions, but also with regard to the selectivity, and in the case of solid products, to their morphology. In Part III, some applications are treated in a general way, including organic syntheses, the conversion and formation of inorganic solids, catalytic processes and polymerizations. The last chapter gives a review of the importance of the selectivity for product quality and for the purity of waste streams. For research chemists and chemical engineers whose work involves chemical reaction engineering. The book is also suitable as a supplementary graduate text.

Recent Advances in Chemical Engineering

Select Proceedings of ICACE 2015

Author: I Regupathi,Vidya K. Shetty,Murugesan Thanabalan

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 981101633X

Category: Science

Page: 360

View: 3546

The book introduces the outcomes of latest research in the field of Chemical Engineering. The book also illustrates the application of Chemical Engineering principles to provide innovative and state of the art solutions to problems associated with chemical industries. It covers a wide spectrum of topics in the area of Chemical Engineering such as Transfer operations, novel separation processes, adsorption, photooxidation, process control, modelling, and simulation. The book provides timely contribution towards implementation of recent approaches and methods in Chemical Engineering Research. It presents chapters focussed on several Chemical Engineering principles and methodologies of wide multidisciplinary applicability. The intended audience of this book will mainly consist of researchers, research students, and practitioners in Chemical Engineering and allied fields. The book can also serve researchers and students involved in multidisciplinary research.

Computational Techniques for Process Simulation and Analysis Using MATLAB®

Author: Niket S. Kaisare

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1498762123

Category: Science

Page: 538

View: 1621

MATLAB® has become one of the prominent languages used in research and industry and often described as "the language of technical computing". The focus of this book will be to highlight the use of MATLAB® in technical computing; or more specifically, in solving problems in Process Simulations. This book aims to bring a practical approach to expounding theories: both numerical aspects of stability and convergence, as well as linear and nonlinear analysis of systems. The book is divided into three parts which are laid out with a "Process Analysis" viewpoint. First part covers system dynamics followed by solution of linear and nonlinear equations, including Differential Algebraic Equations (DAE) while the last part covers function approximation and optimization. Intended to be an advanced level textbook for numerical methods, simulation and analysis of process systems and computational programming lab, it covers following key points • Comprehensive coverage of numerical analyses based on MATLAB for chemical process examples. • Includes analysis of transient behavior of chemical processes. • Discusses coding hygiene, process animation and GUI exclusively. • Treatment of process dynamics, linear stability, nonlinear analysis and function approximation through contemporary examples. • Focus on simulation using MATLAB to solve ODEs and PDEs that are frequently encountered in process systems.

Moving Finite Element Method

Fundamentals and Applications in Chemical Engineering

Author: Maria do Carmo Coimbra,Alirio Egidio Rodrigues,Jaime Duarte Rodrigues,Rui Jorge Mendes Robalo,Rui Manuel Pires Almeida

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1498723896

Category: Mathematics

Page: 248

View: 9039

This book focuses on process simulation in chemical engineering with a numerical algorithm based on the moving finite element method (MFEM). It offers new tools and approaches for modeling and simulating time-dependent problems with moving fronts and with moving boundaries described by time-dependent convection-reaction-diffusion partial differential equations in one or two-dimensional space domains. It provides a comprehensive account of the development of the moving finite element method, describing and analyzing the theoretical and practical aspects of the MFEM for models in 1D, 1D+1d, and 2D space domains. Mathematical models are universal, and the book reviews successful applications of MFEM to solve engineering problems. It covers a broad range of application algorithm to engineering problems, namely on separation and reaction processes presenting and discussing relevant numerical applications of the moving finite element method derived from real-world process simulations.

Pharmaceutical Process Scale-Up, Second Edition

Author: Michael Levin

Publisher: Informa Health Care

ISBN: 9781574448764

Category: Medical

Page: 576

View: 3003

Keeping pace with the increased influence of PAT in the pharmaceutical industry, this completely updated reference spans the latest research and regulations, technologies, and expert solutions for every significant aspect of pharmaceutical process scale-up-clearly introducing readers to the theoretical concept of dimensional analysis to quantify similar processes on varying scales.

Analysis of Kinetic Reaction Mechanisms

Author: Tamas Turanyi,Alison S. Tomlin

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 366244562X

Category: Science

Page: 363

View: 9008

Chemical processes in many fields of science and technology, including combustion, atmospheric chemistry, environmental modelling, process engineering, and systems biology, can be described by detailed reaction mechanisms consisting of numerous reaction steps. This book describes methods for the analysis of reaction mechanisms that are applicable in all these fields. Topics addressed include: how sensitivity and uncertainty analyses allow the calculation of the overall uncertainty of simulation results and the identification of the most important input parameters, the ways in which mechanisms can be reduced without losing important kinetic and dynamic detail, and the application of reduced models for more accurate engineering optimizations. This monograph is invaluable for researchers and engineers dealing with detailed reaction mechanisms, but is also useful for graduate students of related courses in chemistry, mechanical engineering, energy and environmental science and biology.

Chemical engineering design

principles, practice and economics of plant and process design

Author: Gavin P. Towler,R. K. Sinnott

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann

ISBN: N.A

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1245

View: 5673

"Bottom line: For a holistic view of chemical engineering design, this book provides as much, if not more, than any other book available on the topic." --Extract from Chemical Engineering Resources review. Chemical Engineering Design is one of the best-known and widely adopted texts available for students of chemical engineering. It deals with the application of chemical engineering principles to the design of chemical processes and equipment. Revised throughout, this US edition has been specifically developed for the US market. It covers the latest aspects of process design, operations, safety, loss prevention and equipment selection, among others. Comprehensive in coverage, exhaustive in detail, it is supported by extensive problems and a separate solutions manual for adopting tutors and lecturers. In addition, the book is widely used by professions as a day-to-day reference.

Mass and Heat Transfer

Analysis of Mass Contactors and Heat Exchangers

Author: T. W. Fraser Russell,Anne S. Robinson,Norman J. Wagner

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 113947104X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: N.A

View: 686

This text allows instructors to teach a course on heat and mass transfer that will equip students with the pragmatic, applied skills required by the modern chemical industry. This new approach is a combined presentation of heat and mass transfer, maintaining mathematical rigor while keeping mathematical analysis to a minimum. This allows students to develop a strong conceptual understanding, and teaches them how to become proficient in engineering analysis of mass contactors and heat exchangers and the transport theory used as a basis for determining how critical coefficients depend upon physical properties and fluid motions. Students will first study the engineering analysis and design of equipment important in experiments and for the processing of material at the commercial scale. The second part of the book presents the fundamentals of transport phenomena relevant to these applications. A complete teaching package includes a comprehensive instructor's guide, exercises, case studies, and project assignments.