Divine Justice

Religion And The Development Of Chinese Legal Culture

Author: Paul R. Katz

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134067860

Category: History

Page: 240

View: 6632

This book considers the ways in which religious beliefs and practices have contributed to the formation of Chinese legal culture. It does so by describing two forms of overlap between religion and the law: the ideology of justice and the performance of judicial rituals. One of the most important conceptual underpinnings of the Chinese ideology of justice is the belief in the inevitability of retribution. Similar values permeate Chinese religious traditions, all of which contend that justice will prevail despite corruption and incompetence among judicial officials in this world and even the underworld, with all wrongdoers eventually suffering some form of punishment. The second form of overlap between religion and the law may be found in the realm of practice, and involves instances when men and women perform judicial rituals like oaths, chicken-beheadings, and underworld indictments in order to enhance the legitimacy of their positions, deal with cases of perceived injustice, and resolve disputes. These rites coexist with other forms of legal practice, including private mediation and the courts, comprising a wide-ranging spectrum of practices Divine Justice will be of enormous interest to scholars of the Chinese legal system and the development of Chinese culture and society more generally.

Local Realities and Environmental Changes in the History of East Asia

Author: Ts'ui-Jung Liu

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317443608

Category: History

Page: 206

View: 2051

Environmental history has evolved into a well-established historical subfield which has broadened the horizons of historical research, beyond human affairs, to include the study of human interactions with natural and man-made environments. This broadened scope has attracted scholars from many different fields; a development which is reflected by this volume as it highlights the recent studies on East Asian environmental history by scholars of History, Economic History, Political ecology, Sociology and Environmental Studies. This book examines the local realities and environmental changes in East Asia, and is one of a few publications in English on the subject. Contributors apply rich historical material, maps and statistical data to reveal the local environmental realities infused by global perspectives. Part I deals with attitude toward nature, focusing on the soundscape conceived by traditional Chinese literati and on "industrious revolution" in Tokugawa Japan. Part II includes four case studies which respectively discuss the hydraulic management and political ecology in the Yongle reign (1403-1424), the "Woosung Bar" controversy in the 1870s, the expansion of Daihaizi Reservoir in Xinjiang in the 1950s, and interactions between the indigenous communities and NGOs in Hualien, Taiwan. Part III presents case studies of Japan dealing with natural disasters: volcano eruption, floods, and the human actions around Tokyo since the eighteenth century. These chapters and the insights they offer provide the reader with the most recent research on East Asian environmental history. Covering the geographical areas of Japan, North and Northwest China, the Lower Yangzi Delta and Taiwan, and the timeframe spanning the seventh century BC to the present day, the book will be of great interest to anyone studying the history of East Asia, environmental history or environmental studies.

Environmental History in East Asia

Interdisciplinary Perspectives

Author: Tsui-jung Liu

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317974905

Category: History

Page: 402

View: 6590

As environmental history has developed as growing sub-discipline within the study of history, great emphasis has been placed on the importance of adopting an interdisciplinary approach. Indeed, as Environmental History in East Asia shows, by drawing on research and methodologies from the fields of science, technology, geography, geology and ecology, we are able to develop a much richer understanding of a region’s history. This book provides a comprehensive examination of environmental history in East Asia, ranging temporally from the Ming dynasty to the 21st Century and spatially across China, Japan and Taiwan. Split into four parts, the chapters cover a wide range of fascinating topics, comparing environmental thought and policy in the East and West, the transformation of the landscape, land resource utilization and impact of agriculture and disasters and diseases across the region. A diverse selection of case studies are used to illustrate the chapters, including the role of Daoism, Qing pasturelands and 21st century swine flu. Truly interdisciplinary in approach, this book will be of huge interest to students and scholars of Asian environmentalism, environmental history, Asian anthropology, Asian development studies and Asian history more generally.

Das Herz von Buddhas Lehre

Leiden verwandeln - die Praxis des glücklichen Lebens

Author: Thích-Nhất-Hạnh

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783451054129

Category:

Page: 288

View: 7301

Tao-te-king

Author: Laozi

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783720521116

Category:

Page: 91

View: 8651

Das Mädchen mit den Schmetterlingen

Roman

Author: Carol Coffey

Publisher: Goldmann Verlag

ISBN: 3641053609

Category: Fiction

Page: N.A

View: 4994

Kann ein kleines Mädchen eine Mörderin sein? Das Leben der irischen Farmerfamilie Byrne ändert sich schlagartig, als der für seine Trunksucht und Brutalität bekannte Michael Byrne tot aufgefunden wird. Neben ihm seine elfjährige, autistische Tochter Tess, in ihrer Hand der Stein, mit dem ihr Vater erschlagen wurde. Das verängstige Mädchen schweigt zu allen Vorwürfen und wird des Mordes schuldig gesprochen in eine psychiatrische Anstalt eingewiesen. Zehn Jahre später kehrt sie in ihr Heimatdorf zurück, und die alten Mauern des Schweigens beginnen zu brechen ...

Zur Verwaltungsgeschichte der Mandschurei (1644-1930)

Author: Wolfgang Seuberlich

Publisher: Otto Harrassowitz Verlag

ISBN: 9783447044387

Category: History

Page: 123

View: 6873

Wolfgang Seuberlich (1906-1985), als Baltendeutscher in Harbin aufgewachsen, befasste sich zeitlebens mit seiner zweiten Heimat. Seine Dissertation uber die Verwaltungsgeschichte der Mandschurei, im 2. Weltkrieg verschollen, ist bis heute durch keine andere Arbeit in westlichen Sprachen ersetzt worden und wird deshalb hier erstmals veroffentlicht. Die vorzuglichenSprachkenntnisse des Autors (Chinesisch, Japanisch, Russisch) haben eine Aufarbeitung aller wichtigen einschlagigen Quellen ermoglicht; in chronologischer Folge werden die administrativen Strukturen der Mandschurei und ihre Veranderungen im Kontext der politischen Entwicklung dargestellt und geben dem westlichen Forscher erstmals eine verlassliche historische Ubersicht. Das Buch enthalt eine Bibliographie sowie chinesische Zeichen im Text.

Die ersten Israelis

die Anfänge des jüdischen Staates

Author: Tom Śegev

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783570551134

Category:

Page: 414

View: 3010

Die Rezeption Der Aristotelischen Politischen Philosophie Bei Marsilius Von Padua

Eine Untersuchung Zur Ersten Diktion Des Defensor Pacis

Author: Vasileios Syros

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004168745

Category: History

Page: 364

View: 8885

This study is the first comprehensive treatment of the way Marsilius of Padua (1270/1290a "1342), a seminal political thinker of the Late Middle Ages, elaborated on Aristotlea (TM)s political thought in articulating his political theory. Its main thesis is that Marsilius is committed to the view of a sharp disjunction between ethics and politics, thus deviating radically not only from Aristotle, but also from the majority of medieval Commentators of Aristotle such as Thomas Aquinas, Giles of Rome, Peter of Auvergne and John of Jandun. From a methodological viewpoint, it follows the model of a oeconcentric circlesa: its starting point is a detailed comparison of the main ideas of the "Defensor pacis" ("Defender of Peace") (1324), Marsiliusa (TM) "opus magnum," on the one hand, and Marsilius' quotations from William of Moerbekea (TM)s Latin translations of Aristotlea (TM)s works focusing in particular on the "Politics," the "Nicomachean Ethics," the "Rhetoric" and the "Metaphysics" as well as the Greek original, on the other. This method of exploring the use of classics in medieval political thought challenges the notion of a oereceptiona as conceived of by recent research and brings out a number of crucial differences between Marsilius and Aristotle. Further, this study situates Marsiliusa (TM) ideas in the history of late medieval political thought (podestA literature etc.), the political realities that obtained in 14th-century Padua and late medieval debates on the fortunes of the communal regime and on the rise of the "signoria" (e.g. Albertino Mussato). It also argues against Marsiliusa (TM) so-called Averroism and identifies Moses Maimonidesa (TM) "Guide of the Perplexed" as a potential source of the "Defensor pacis."

Wenn sich die Fakten ändern

Essays 1995-2010

Author: Tony Judt

Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag

ISBN: 310403754X

Category: Political Science

Page: 384

View: 4113

Das Vermächtnis eines legendären Historikers und wegweisenden Intellektuellen: »Wenn die Welt sich ändert« versammelt erstmals Tony Judts wichtigste Essays in einem Buch. Die Texte reflektieren die großen Themen, die ihn zeitlebens beschäftigten – Europa und der Kalte Krieg, Israel und der Holocaust, 9/11 und die neue Weltordnung. Zudem dokumentieren sie die Entwicklung seiner Denkweise und die bemerkenswerte Beständigkeit seines leidenschaftlichen Engagements sowie seine intellektuelle Energie. Judt brachte Geschichte und Gegenwart zusammen wie kaum ein anderer Denker seiner Zeit. Die vorliegenden Essays lassen uns die Welt, in der wir leben, mit neuen Augen sehen. Mit einem Vorwort von Jennifer Homans.

Novissima Sinica

(1697) ; mit ergänzenden Dokumenten

Author: Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783862050208

Category: China

Page: 180

View: 6233

Who's who in the Midwest

A Biographical Dictionary of Noteworthy Men and Women of the Central and Midwestern States

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: United States

Page: N.A

View: 967

Sakralität und Sakralisierung

Perspektiven des Heiligen

Author: Andrea Beck,Andreas Berndt

Publisher: Franz Steiner Verlag Wiesbaden gmbh

ISBN: 9783515106245

Category: History

Page: 210

View: 7541

Das Heilige ist allgegenwartig. Es zeigt sich in konkreten Formen wie etwa heiligen Schriften, Sakralbauten oder auch Personen, ist aber zuweilen schwer fassbar, wenn es zum Beispiel auf Namen, Handlungen oder spirituelle Erfahrungen bezogen wird. Dabei konnen die Manifestationen, in welchen Heiliges zu Tage tritt, ausserst vielfaltig sein, und so vereint dieser Band Beitrage verschiedenster Disziplinen und deckt eine grosse Zeitspanne ab: von kirchlichen Bodenmosaiken des Nahen Ostens aus dem 6. Jahrhundert bis hin zu den methodischen Uberlegungen Max Mullers uber die Ursprunge des Heiligen. Der geographische Rahmen erstreckt sich uber das abendlandische Europa hinaus auf das christlich-arabische Spanien des Mittelalters, auf Agypten sowie auf die fernostlichen Lander Indien und China. Sakralitat erweist sich jeweils nicht als eine konstante Grosse, sondern muss als Prozess verstanden werden, in dem das Heilige stets bestatigt oder neu definiert werden muss.