Early Writings in the Philosophy of Logic and Mathematics

Author: Edmund Husserl

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9789048142668

Category: Philosophy

Page: 505

View: 5589

The primary intent of this volume is to give the English reader access to all the philosophical texts published by Husserl between the appearance of his first book, Philosophie der Arithmetik, and that of his second book, Logische Untersuchungen- roughly, from 1890 through 1901. Along with these texts we have included a number of unpublished manuscripts from the same period and dealing with the same or closely related topics. A few of the texts here translated (the review of Pahigyi, the five "report" articles of 1903-1904, the "notes" in Lalande's Vocabulaire, and the brief discussion. article on Marty of 1910) obviously fall outside this time period, so far as their publication dates are concerned; but in content they seem clearly confined to it. The final piece translated, a set of personal notes that date from 1906 through 1908, provides insight into how Husserl experienced his early labors and their results, and into how he saw their relation to work before him: a phenomenological critique of reason in all of its forms. Thus the texts here translated - which obviously are to be read in conjunction with his first two books - cover the progression of Husserl's Problematik from the relatively narrow one of clarifying the epistemic structure of general arithmetic, to the all-encompassing one of establishing in principle, through phenomenological research, the line between legitimate and illegitimate claims to know or to be rational, regardless of the domain concerned.

Franz Brentano's metaphysics and psychology

upon the sesquicentennial of Franz Brentano's dissertation

Author: Ion Tănăsescu

Publisher: Zeta Books

ISBN: 606826646X

Category: Electronic books

Page: 515

View: 4322

Essays on Gödel’s Reception of Leibniz, Husserl, and Brouwer

Author: Mark van Atten

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319100319

Category: Philosophy

Page: 328

View: 3359

This volume tackles Gödel's two-stage project of first using Husserl's transcendental phenomenology to reconstruct and develop Leibniz' monadology, and then founding classical mathematics on the metaphysics thus obtained. The author analyses the historical and systematic aspects of that project, and then evaluates it, with an emphasis on the second stage. The book is organised around Gödel's use of Leibniz, Husserl and Brouwer. Far from considering past philosophers irrelevant to actual systematic concerns, Gödel embraced the use of historical authors to frame his own philosophical perspective. The philosophies of Leibniz and Husserl define his project, while Brouwer's intuitionism is its principal foil: the close affinities between phenomenology and intuitionism set the bar for Gödel's attempt to go far beyond intuitionism. The four central essays are `Monads and sets', `On the philosophical development of Kurt Gödel', `Gödel and intuitionism', and `Construction and constitution in mathematics'. The first analyses and criticises Gödel's attempt to justify, by an argument from analogy with the monadology, the reflection principle in set theory. It also provides further support for Gödel's idea that the monadology needs to be reconstructed phenomenologically, by showing that the unsupplemented monadology is not able to found mathematics directly. The second studies Gödel's reading of Husserl, its relation to Leibniz' monadology, and its influence on his publishe d writings. The third discusses how on various occasions Brouwer's intuitionism actually inspired Gödel's work, in particular the Dialectica Interpretation. The fourth addresses the question whether classical mathematics admits of the phenomenological foundation that Gödel envisaged, and concludes that it does not. The remaining essays provide further context. The essays collected here were written and published over the last decade. Notes have been added to record further thoughts, changes of mind, connections between the essays, and updates of references.

Encyclopedia of Phenomenology

Author: Lester Embree

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401588813

Category: Philosophy

Page: 765

View: 3827

This encyclopedia presents phenomenological thought and the phenomenological movement within philosophy and within more than a score of other disciplines on a level accessible to professional colleagues of other orientations as well as to advanced undergraduate and graduate students. Entries average 3,000 words. In practically all cases, they include lists of works "For Further Study." The Introduction briefly chronicles the changing phenomenological agenda and compares phenomenology with other 20th Century movements. The 166 entries are a baut matters of seven sorts: ( 1) the faur broad tendencies and periods within the phenomenological movement; (2) twenty-three national traditions ofphenomenology; (3) twenty-two philosophical sub-disciplines, including those referred to with the formula "the philosophy of x"; (4) phenomenological tendencies within twenty-one non-philosophical dis ciplines; (5) forty major phenomenological topics; (6) twenty-eight leading phenomenological figures; and (7) twenty-seven non-phenomenological figures and movements ofinteresting sim ilarities and differences with phenomenology. Conventions Concern ing persons, years ofbirth and death are given upon first mention in an entry ofthe names of deceased non-phenomenologists. The names of persons believed tobe phenomenologists and also, for cross-referencing purposes, the titles of other entries are printed entirely in SMALL CAPITAL letters, also upon first mention. In addition, all words thus occurring in all small capital letters are listed in the index with the numbers of all pages on which they occur. To facilitate indexing, Chinese, Hungarian, and Japanese names have been re-arranged so that the personal name precedes the family name.

Philosophy of Arithmetic

Psychological and Logical Investigations with Supplementary Texts from 1887–1901

Author: Edmund Husserl

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401000603

Category: Mathematics

Page: 515

View: 6320

This volume is a window on a period of rich and illuminating philosophical activity that has been rendered generally inaccessible by the supposed "revolution" attributed to "Analytic Philosophy" so-called. Careful exposition and critique is given to every serious alternative account of number and number relations available at the time.

Introduction to Logic and Theory of Knowledge

Lectures 1906/07

Author: Edmund Husserl

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402067275

Category: Philosophy

Page: 479

View: 8515

Claire Ortiz Hill The publication of all but a small, unfound, part of the complete text of the lecture course on logic and theory of knowledge that Edmund Husserl gave at Göttingen during the winter semester of 1906/07 became a reality in 1984 with the publication of Einleitung in die Logik und Erkenntnistheorie, Vorlesungen 1906/07 edited by 1 Ullrich Melle. Published in that volume were also 27 appendices containing material selected to complement the content of the main text in significant ways. They provide valuable insight into the evolution of Husserl’s thought between the Logical Investigations and Ideas I and, therefore, into the origins of phenomenology. That text and all those appendices but one are translated and published in the present volume. Omitted are only the “Personal Notes” dated September 25, 1906, November 4, 1907, and March 6, 1908, which were translated by Dallas Willard and published in his translation of Husserl’s Early 2 Writings in the Philosophy of Logic and Mathematics. Introduction to Logic and Theory of Knowledge, Lectures 1906/07 provides valuable insight into the development of the ideas fun- mental to phenomenology. Besides shedding considerable light on the genesis of phenomenology, it sheds needed light on many other dimensions of Husserl’s thought that have puzzled and challenged scholars.

Philosophy of Mind: The Key Thinkers

Author: Andrew Bailey

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 1441190961

Category: Philosophy

Page: 320

View: 9358

Exploring what great philosophers have written about the nature of thought and consciousness Philosophy of Mind: The Key Thinkers offers a comprehensive overview of this fascinating field. Thirteen specially commissioned essays, written by leading experts, introduce and explore the contributions of those philosophers who have shaped the subject and the central issues and arguments therein. The modern debate about the mind was shaped by Descartes in the seventeenth century, and then reshaped in the mid-twentieth century, and since, by exciting developments in science and philosophy. This book concentrates on the development of philosophical views on the mind since Descartes, offering coverage of the leading thinkers in the field including Husserl, Ryle, Lewis, Putnam, Fodor, Davidson, Dennett and the Churchlands. Crucially the book demonstrates how the ideas and arguments of these key thinkers have contributed to our understanding of the relationship between mind and brain. Ideal for undergraduate students, the book lays the necessary foundations for a complete and thorough understanding of this fascinating subject.

Husserl and the Sciences

Selected Perspectives

Author: Richard Feist

Publisher: University of Ottawa Press

ISBN: 0776630261

Category: Philosophy

Page: 230

View: 548

Edmund Husserl (1859-1938) was the founder of the phenomenological movement. Emphasising the strong connection between Husserl's phenomenology and the empirical sciences and mathematics, the essays in Husserl and the Sciences are grouped around this relationship according to the following themes: epistemology, philosophy of mathematics, philosophy of physics, and the broader context of Husserl's philosophy in relation to social science. One of the main conclusions, reached in various ways by the contributors, is that the philosophy of Husserl is a much broader system of thinking than had been previously assumed. It helps to read Husserl in his own right as a thinker who was much more than simply the father of the 'phenomenological movement.' Husserl's relationships to major figures of the western philosophical tradition as well as mathematicians such as David Hilbert, Hermann Weyl, and Kurt Gödel are also examined.

The Idea of Phenomenology

A Translation of Die Idee der Phänomenologie Husserliana II

Author: Edmund Husserl

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401573867

Category: Philosophy

Page: 72

View: 8975

3 same lecture he characterizes the phenomenology of knowledge, more specifically, as the "theory of the essence of the pure phenomenon of knowing" (see below, p. 36). Such a phenomenology would advance the "critique of knowledge," in which the problem of knowledge is clearly formulated and the possibility of knowledge rigorously secured. It is important to realize, however, that in these lectures Husserl will not enact, pursue, or develop a phenomenological critique of knowledge, even though he opens with a trenchant statement of the problem of knowledge that such a critique would solve. Rather, he seeks here only to secure the possibility of a phe nomenological critique of knowledge; that is, he attempts to secure the possibility of the knowledge of the possibility of knowledge, not the possibil ity of knowledge in general (see below, pp. 37-39). Thus the work before us is not phenomenological in the straightforward sense, but pre phenomenological: it sets out to identify and satisfy the epistemic require ments of the phenomenological critique of knowledge, not to carry out that critique itself. To keep these two levels of theoretical inquiry distinct, I will call the level that deals with the problem of the possibility of knowledge the "critical level"; the level that deals with the problem of the possibility of the knowledge of the possibility of knowledge the "meta-criticallevel.

Edmund Husserl

Author: Edmund Husserl

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789024720934

Category: Philosophy

Page: 130

View: 8219

There is no author's introduction to Phenomenology and the Foundations of the Sciences,! either as published here in the first English translation or in the standard German edition, because its proper introduction is its companion volume: General Introduction to Pure Phenomenology. 2 The latter is the first book of Edmund Husserl's larger work: Ideas Toward a Pure Phenomenology and Phenomenological Philosophy, and is commonly referred to as Ideas I (or Ideen 1). The former is commonly called Ideen III. Between these two parts of the whole stands a third: Phenomeno 3 logical Investigations of Constitution, generally known as Ideen II. In this introduction the Roman numeral designations will be used, as well as the abbreviation PFS for the translation at hand. In many translation projects there is an initial problem of establish ing the text to be translated. That problem confronts translators of the books of Husserl's Ideas in different ways. The Ideas was written in 1912, during Husserl's years in Gottingen (1901-1916). Books I and II were extensively revised over nearly two decades and the changes were incorporated by the editors into the texts of the Husserliana editions of 1950 and 1952 respectively. Manuscripts of the various reworkings of the texts are preserved in the Husserl Archives, but for those unable to work there the only one directly available for Ideen II is the reconstructed one.

Phenomenology and Mathematics

Author: Mirja Hartimo

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789048137299

Category: Philosophy

Page: 216

View: 8411

During Edmund Husserl’s lifetime, modern logic and mathematics rapidly developed toward their current outlook and Husserl’s writings can be fruitfully compared and contrasted with both 19th century figures (Boole, Schröder, Weierstrass) as well as the 20th century characters (Heyting, Zermelo, Gödel). Besides the more historical studies, the internal ones on Husserl alone and the external ones attempting to clarify his role in the more general context of the developing mathematics and logic, Husserl’s phenomenology offers also a systematically rich but little researched area of investigation. This volume aims to establish the starting point for the development, evaluation and appraisal of the phenomenology of mathematics. It gathers the contributions of the main scholars of this emerging field into one publication for the first time. Combining both historical and systematic studies from various angles, the volume charts answers to the question "What kind of philosophy of mathematics is phenomenology?"

Edmund Husserl: The nexus of phenomena : intentionality, perception, and temporality

Author: Rudolf Bernet,Donn Welton,Gina Zavota

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9780415289597

Category: Philosophy

Page: 370

View: 5279

This collection makes available, in one place, the very best essays on the founding father of phenomenology, reprinting key writings on Husserl's thought from the past seventy years. It draws together a range of writings, many otherwise inaccessible, that have been recognized as seminal contributions not only to an understanding of this great philosopher but also to the development of his phenomenology. The four volumes are arranged as follows: Volume I Classic essays from Husserl's assistants, students and earlier interlocutors. Including a selection of papers from such figures as Heidegger, Merleau-Ponty, Sartre, Ricoeur and Levinas. Volume II Classic commentaries on Husserl's published works. "Covering the Logical Investigations," " Ideas I," " Phenomenology of Internal Time Consciousness," "" ""and" Formal and Transcendental Logic." Volumes III and IV Papers concentrating on particular aspects of Husserl's theory including: Husserl's account of mathematics and logic, his theory of science, the nature of phenomenological reduction, his account of perception and language, the theory of space and time, his phenomenology of imagination and empathy, the concept of the life-world and his epistemology.

Husserliana Dokumente

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A


Category: Phenomenology

Page: N.A

View: 9985

The Essential Husserl

Basic Writings in Transcendental Phenomenology

Author: Edmund Husserl

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN: 9780253212733

Category: Philosophy

Page: 386

View: 1365

The Essential Husserl, the first anthology in English of Edmund Husserl's major writings, provides access to the scope of his philosophical studies, including selections from his key works: Logical Investigations, Ideas I and II, Formal and Transcendental Logic, Experience and Judgment, Cartesian Meditations, The Crisis of European Sciences and Transcendental Phenomenology, and On the Phenomenology of the Consciousness of Internal Time. The collection is an indispensable resource for anyone interested in twentieth-century philosophy.

Analysen zur Passiven Synthesis

Aus Vorlesungs- und Forschungsmanuskripten 1918–1926

Author: Edmund Husserl,M. Fleischer

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9789024702282

Category: Philosophy

Page: 532

View: 7248

5 Die äußere Wahrnehmung ist eine beständige Prätention, etwas zu leisten, was sie ihrem eigenen Wesen nach zu leisten außerstande ist. Also gewissermaßen ein Widerspruch gehört zu ihrem Wesen. Was damit gemeint ist, wird Ihnen alsbald klar werden, wenn Sie schauend zusehen, wie sich der objektive Sinn 10 als Einheit dn> den unendlichen Mannigfaltigkeiten möglicher Erscheinungen darstellt und wie die kontinuierliche Synthese näher aussieht, welche als Deckungseinheit denselben Sinn er scheinen läßt, und wie gegenüber den faktischen, begrenzten Erscheinungsabläufen doch beständig ein Bewußtsein von dar- 15 über hinausreichenden, von immer neuen Erscheinungsmöglich keiten besteht. Worauf wir zunächst achten, ist, daß der Aspekt, die perspek tivische Abschattung, in der jeder Raumgegenstand unweigerlich erscheint, ihn immer nur einseitig zur Erscheinung bringt. Wir 20 mögen ein Ding noch so vollkommen wahrnehmen, es fällt nie in der Allseitigkeit der ihm zukommenden und es sinnendinglich ausmachenden Eigenheiten in die Wahrnehmung. Die Rede von diesen und jenen Seiten des Gegenstandes, die zu wirklicher Wahrnehmung kommen, ist unvermeidlich. Jeder Aspekt, jede 25 noch so weit fortgeführte Kontinuität von einzelnen Abschat tungen gibt nur Seiten, und das ist, wie wir uns überzeugen, kein bloßes Faktum: Eine äußere Wahrnehmung ist undenkbar, die ihr Wahrgenommenes in ihrem sinnendinglichen Gehalt erschöpfte, ein Wahrnehmungsgegenstand ist undenkbar, der in einer abge- 30 schlossenen Wahrnehmung im strengsten Sinn allseitig, nach der Allheit seiner sinnlich anschaulichen Merkmale gegeben sein könnte.

Phantasie, Bildbewusstsein, Erinnerung

Zur Phänomenologie der Anschaulichen Vergegenwärtigungen Texte aus dem Nachlass (1898–1925)

Author: Edmund Husserl,E. Marbach

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9789400987821

Category: Philosophy

Page: 724

View: 4859

Thing and Space

Lectures of 1907

Author: Edmund Husserl

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780792347491

Category: Philosophy

Page: 350

View: 3247

This is a translation of Edmund HusserI's lecture course from the Summer semester 1907 at the University of Gottingen. The German original was pub lished posthumously in 1973 as Volume XVI of Husserliana, Husserl's opera omnia. The translation is complete, including both the main text and the supplementary texts (as Husserliana volumes are usually organized), except for the critical apparatus which provides variant readings. The announced title of the lecture course was "Main parts of the phenome nology and critique of reason." The course began with five, relatively inde pendent, introductory lectures. These were published on their own in 1947, bearing the title The idea ojphenomenology.l The "Five Lectures" comprise a general orientation by proposing the method to be employed in the subsequent working out of the actual problems (viz., the method of "phenomenological reduction") and by clarifying, at least provisionally, some technical terms that will be used in the labor the subsequent lectures will carry out. The present volume, then, presents that labor, i.e., the method in action and the results attained. As such, this text dispels the abstract impression which could not help but cling to the first five lectures taken in isolation. Accord ingly, we are here given genuine "introductory lectures," i.e., an introduction to phenomenology in the genuine phenomenological sense of engaging in the work of phenomenology, going to the "matters at issue themselves," rather than remaining aloof from them in abstract considerations of standpoint and approach.

The Breakthrough to Phenomenology

Three Theories of Mental Content in the Brentano School

Author: Ryan Hickerson

Publisher: N.A


Category: Consciousness

Page: 532

View: 3831