Seismic Wave Propagation and Scattering in the Heterogeneous Earth : Second Edition

Author: Haruo Sato,Michael C. Fehler,Takuto Maeda

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642230288

Category: Science

Page: 496

View: 7417

Seismic waves - generated both by natural earthquakes and by man-made sources - have produced an enormous amount of information about the Earth's interior. In classical seismology, the Earth is modeled as a sequence of uniform horizontal layers (or spherical shells) having different elastic properties and one determines these properties from travel times and dispersion of seismic waves. The Earth, however, is not made of horizontally uniform layers, and classic seismic methods can take large-scale inhomogeneities into account. Smaller-scale irregularities, on the other hand, require other methods. Observations of continuous wave trains that follow classic direct S waves, known as coda waves, have shown that there are heterogeneities of random size scattered randomly throughout the layers of the classic seismic model. This book focuses on recent developments in the area of seismic wave propagation and scattering through the randomly heterogeneous structure of the Earth, with emphasis on the lithosphere. The presentation combines information from many sources to present a coherent introduction to the theory of scattering in acoustic and elastic materials and includes analyses of observations using the theoretical methods developed. The second edition especially includes new observational facts such as the spatial variation of medium inhomogeneities and the temporal change in scattering characteristics and recent theoretical developments in the envelope synthesis in random media for the last ten years. Mathematics is thoroughly rewritten for improving the readability. Written for advanced undergraduates or beginning graduate students of geophysics or planetary sciences, this book should also be of interest to civil engineers, seismologists, acoustical engineers, and others interested in wave propagation through inhomogeneous elastic media.

Engineering Ethics

Peace, Justice, and the Earth, Second Edition

Author: George D. Catalano

Publisher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers

ISBN: 1627055428

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 85

View: 6610

A response of the engineering profession to the challenges of security, poverty and underdevelopment, environmental sustainability, and native cultures is described. Ethical codes, which govern the behavior of engineers, are examined from a historical perspective linking the prevailing codes to models of the natural world. A new ethical code based on a recently introduced model of Nature as an integral community is provided and discussed. Applications of the new code are described using a case study approach. With the ethical code based on an integral community in place, new design algorithms are developed and also explored using case studies. Implications of the proposed changes in ethics and design on engineering education are considered. Table of Contents: Preface / Acknowledgments / Introduction / Engineering Ethics / Models of the Earth / Engineering in a Morally Deep World / Engineering Design in a Morally Deep World / Implications for Engineering Education / Final Thoughts / References / Author's Biography

Living with the Earth

Concepts in Environmental Health Science, Second Edition

Author: Gary S. Moore

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781566705851

Category: Science

Page: 624

View: 6646

Still a revolutionary concept, this Web-enhanced book Living with the Earth: Concepts in Environmental Health Science, Second Edition continues the standard of excellence that earned the first edition the CHOICE award for Outstanding Academic Book in 1999. It incorporates traditional concepts in environmental and health science with new, emerging, and controversial issues associated with environmental threats to human health and ecology. In addition, the Web site, maintained by the author, gives you a technological edge. HERE'S WHAT YOU GET IN TEXT: Accurate infographic illustrations such as 3-D bar charts, 3-D pie charts, and detailed maps Tables designed using the most recently available data HERE'S THE WEB ADVANTAGE: Words from the World with comments and information from students and professionals around the globe Live chatroom with the author during the semester Test bank and study questions giving a thorough understanding of the concepts covered Microsoft PowerPoint presentation slides in digital format Study guides for each chapter with detailed notes, full-color figures, and tables of importance Printable sample questions and answers in a separate location for each chapter Search tools for online journals and databases covering useful, up-to-date information in health and environmental topics News flashes relating to current topics in every chapter The author presents a balanced and objective picture of opposing scientific views on major issues ranging from global warming and the Greenhouse Effect to reproductive problems associated with endocrine disruptors. More than 280 richly detailed graphs, charts, figures, and photographs put the information right at your fingertips. The glossary provides over 300 definitions and a section on acronyms and abbreviations. Kept current via the author's Web site, this is a "living" environmental health book, reflecting the latest information. The Web site is classroom tested, and designed to maximize the use of the Living with the Earth as a text, training tool, or resource for professionals. VISIT THE WEB SITE! Cut and paste the following address into your browser to get a first-hand glimpse of what the Living with the Earth Web site offers: http://www-unix.oit.umass.edu/~envhl565

Daily Warm-Ups: Earth Science - Level II Second Edition

Author: Robert G. Hoehn

Publisher: Walch Publishing

ISBN: 9780825144547

Category: Earth science

Page: 192

View: 7905

180 reproducible quick activities--one for each day of the school year--review, practice, and teach earth-science topics.

Earth Pressure and Earth-Retaining Structures, Second Edition

Author: Chris R.I. Clayton,Rick I. Woods,Jarbas Milititsky

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 075140067X

Category: Architecture

Page: 408

View: 7441

Retaining structures form an important component of many civil engineering and geotechnical engineering projects. Careful design and construction of these structures is essential for safety and longevity. This new edition provides significantly more support for non-specialists, background to uncertainty of parameters and partial factor issues that underpin recent codes (e.g. Eurocode 7), and comprehensive coverage of the principles of the geotechnical design of gravity walls, embedded walls and composite structures. It is written for practising geotechnical, civil and structural engineers; and forms a reference for engineering geologists, geotechnical researchers and undergraduate civil engineering students.

The Satellite Communication Ground Segment and Earth Station Handbook, Second Edition

Author: Bruce Elbert

Publisher: Artech House

ISBN: 1608076733

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 464

View: 955

This updated and expanded second edition reflects the state of earth station design and ground segment architecture. From international telephone network gateways to direct broadcast home receivers, today’s broad range of ground systems and devices require satellite communication engineers and business managers to have a broad and sound understanding of the design and operating principles of earth stations and ground control facilities. This book explores the delivery end of the satellite link and its relationship to delivery of services. Authored by a leading authority in the field, the book provides engineers and managers with the knowledge they need to devise their own approach to implementing and managing earth stations and the overall ground segment. Readers find practical guidance in an array of critical areas, including: preparing requirements, performing preliminary analyses, reviewing hardware designs, managing the introduction of the overall ground segment, and more.

Physical Geology: The Science of Earth, 2nd Edition

Author: Charles Fletcher

Publisher: Wiley Global Education

ISBN: 111880385X

Category: Science

Page: 704

View: 2367

Physical Geology: The Science of Earth is a flexible learning tool that equips students with assets and content necessary to understand our planet and the science that drives it. By combining traditional introductory content with unique topics and innovative pedagogy, author Chip Fletcher challenges students to think critically about physical geology and its impact on their lives and the planet.

Die Sonne, Stern unserer Erde

Author: Kenneth R. Lang

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3662066823

Category: Science

Page: 282

View: 9774

Eine faszinierende Entdeckungsreise zur Sonne und ihren unsichtbaren Welten. Für Fachkundige ebenso spannend zu lesen wie für Astronomie-Interessierte, führt das Buch verständlich in die Physik der Sonne ein und zeigt eindrucksvoll die Bedeutung des Sonnenlichts für das Leben auf der Erde. Gestützt auf neueste Forschungsergebnisse aus Radioteleskop- und Satellitenbeobachtungen beschreibt Kenneth Lang die gewaltigen atomenergetischen Prozesse der Sonne, den von ihr ausgehenden Neutrinofluß, ihre seismischen Aktivitäten, ihre Magnetfelder und Sonnenflecken, die Sonnenausbrüche und Protuberanzen, den Sonnenwind und den Einfluß der Sonne auf unser Klima und Wetter. Das Buch ist mit einer Fülle hervorragender Abbildungen ausgestattet, u.a. mit Fotomaterial der NASA, das hier zum ersten Mal veröffentlicht wird.

McGraw-Hill's SAT I, Second edition

Author: Christopher Black,Mark Anestis

Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional

ISBN: 0071502173

Category: Study Aids

Page: 880

View: 7953

A revolutionary way to ace the bigger, tougher exam--updated to reflect the latest SAT content and format The SAT exam is undergoing the most drastic change in its 76-year history. The second edition of McGraw-Hill’s SAT I offers more complete and intensive practice and guidance than ever to score big on this exam, with updated material and proven study techniques from the breakthrough College Hill method. Also included are intensive practice sample tests modeled directly on the actual exams.

The Drinking Water Handbook, Second Edition

Author: Frank R. Spellman,Joanne E. Drinan

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439866929

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 388

View: 2738

When you open the tap to fill your glass with drinking water, you expect the water to be of good quality. But is the water from your tap really safe? The second edition of an industry-wide bestseller, The Drinking Water Handbook explains the many processes employed to make water safe to drink. Starting at the source, it evaluates the quality control of drinking water through treatment and distribution to the tap, and its use and reuse by the consumer. What’s in Your Glass of Water? Engaging and accessible, the handbook covers important concepts and regulations and identifies current problems with the water supply. In addition to the traditional physical, chemical, and microbiological parameters that affect water quality, it discusses trihalomethanes, Cryptosporidium, viruses, carcinogens, pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs), and other pollutants. Solutions for Safer Drinking Water The book also addresses the challenges faced by practitioners striving to provide the best drinking water quality to the consumer. It outlines techniques and technologies for monitoring and water treatment, from preliminary screening to filtration and disinfection, as well as advanced processes for specialized water problems. Recognizing the importance of protecting water infrastructure, the authors include a comprehensive chapter on security requirements for waterworks. This user-friendly handbook puts technical information about drinking water in the hands of the general public, sanitary and public works engineers, public health administrators, water treatment operators, and students. Thoroughly updated to reflect current science and technologies, it takes a close look at what can be found in many tap water supplies and the measures taken to ensure the health and well-being of consumers. What’s New in this Edition Updates to every chapter, reflecting advances in the field Expanded material on sick water related to PPCPs Discussion of the latest treatment technologies Coverage of individual contaminants Current regulations related to drinking water

Principles of Solar Engineering, Second Edition

Author: D. Yogi Goswami,Frank Kreith,Jan F. Kreider

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781560327141

Category: Science

Page: 706

View: 832

This second edition of Principles of Solar Engineering covers the latest developments in a broad range of topics of interest to students and professionals interested in solar energy applications. With the scientific fundamentals included, the book covers important areas such as heating and cooling, passive solar applications, detoxification and biomass energy conversion. This comprehensive textbook provides examples of methods of solar engineering from around the world and includes examples, solutions and data applicable to international solar energy issues. A solutions manual is available to qualified instructors.