Seismic Wave Propagation and Scattering in the Heterogeneous Earth : Second Edition

Author: Haruo Sato,Michael C. Fehler,Takuto Maeda

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642230288

Category: Science

Page: 496

View: 5155

Seismic waves - generated both by natural earthquakes and by man-made sources - have produced an enormous amount of information about the Earth's interior. In classical seismology, the Earth is modeled as a sequence of uniform horizontal layers (or spherical shells) having different elastic properties and one determines these properties from travel times and dispersion of seismic waves. The Earth, however, is not made of horizontally uniform layers, and classic seismic methods can take large-scale inhomogeneities into account. Smaller-scale irregularities, on the other hand, require other methods. Observations of continuous wave trains that follow classic direct S waves, known as coda waves, have shown that there are heterogeneities of random size scattered randomly throughout the layers of the classic seismic model. This book focuses on recent developments in the area of seismic wave propagation and scattering through the randomly heterogeneous structure of the Earth, with emphasis on the lithosphere. The presentation combines information from many sources to present a coherent introduction to the theory of scattering in acoustic and elastic materials and includes analyses of observations using the theoretical methods developed. The second edition especially includes new observational facts such as the spatial variation of medium inhomogeneities and the temporal change in scattering characteristics and recent theoretical developments in the envelope synthesis in random media for the last ten years. Mathematics is thoroughly rewritten for improving the readability. Written for advanced undergraduates or beginning graduate students of geophysics or planetary sciences, this book should also be of interest to civil engineers, seismologists, acoustical engineers, and others interested in wave propagation through inhomogeneous elastic media.

Engineering Ethics

Peace, Justice, and the Earth, Second Edition

Author: George D. Catalano

Publisher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers

ISBN: 1627055428

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 85

View: 8710

A response of the engineering profession to the challenges of security, poverty and underdevelopment, environmental sustainability, and native cultures is described. Ethical codes, which govern the behavior of engineers, are examined from a historical perspective linking the prevailing codes to models of the natural world. A new ethical code based on a recently introduced model of Nature as an integral community is provided and discussed. Applications of the new code are described using a case study approach. With the ethical code based on an integral community in place, new design algorithms are developed and also explored using case studies. Implications of the proposed changes in ethics and design on engineering education are considered. Table of Contents: Preface / Acknowledgments / Introduction / Engineering Ethics / Models of the Earth / Engineering in a Morally Deep World / Engineering Design in a Morally Deep World / Implications for Engineering Education / Final Thoughts / References / Author's Biography

Living with the Earth

Concepts in Environmental Health Science, Second Edition

Author: Gary S. Moore

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781566705851

Category: Science

Page: 624

View: 2904

Still a revolutionary concept, this Web-enhanced book Living with the Earth: Concepts in Environmental Health Science, Second Edition continues the standard of excellence that earned the first edition the CHOICE award for Outstanding Academic Book in 1999. It incorporates traditional concepts in environmental and health science with new, emerging, and controversial issues associated with environmental threats to human health and ecology. In addition, the Web site, maintained by the author, gives you a technological edge. HERE'S WHAT YOU GET IN TEXT: Accurate infographic illustrations such as 3-D bar charts, 3-D pie charts, and detailed maps Tables designed using the most recently available data HERE'S THE WEB ADVANTAGE: Words from the World with comments and information from students and professionals around the globe Live chatroom with the author during the semester Test bank and study questions giving a thorough understanding of the concepts covered Microsoft PowerPoint presentation slides in digital format Study guides for each chapter with detailed notes, full-color figures, and tables of importance Printable sample questions and answers in a separate location for each chapter Search tools for online journals and databases covering useful, up-to-date information in health and environmental topics News flashes relating to current topics in every chapter The author presents a balanced and objective picture of opposing scientific views on major issues ranging from global warming and the Greenhouse Effect to reproductive problems associated with endocrine disruptors. More than 280 richly detailed graphs, charts, figures, and photographs put the information right at your fingertips. The glossary provides over 300 definitions and a section on acronyms and abbreviations. Kept current via the author's Web site, this is a "living" environmental health book, reflecting the latest information. The Web site is classroom tested, and designed to maximize the use of the Living with the Earth as a text, training tool, or resource for professionals. VISIT THE WEB SITE! Cut and paste the following address into your browser to get a first-hand glimpse of what the Living with the Earth Web site offers: http://www-unix.oit.umass.edu/~envhl565

Earth Pressure and Earth-Retaining Structures, Second Edition

Author: Chris R.I. Clayton,Rick I. Woods,Jarbas Milititsky

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 075140067X

Category: Architecture

Page: 408

View: 6446

Retaining structures form an important component of many civil engineering and geotechnical engineering projects. Careful design and construction of these structures is essential for safety and longevity. This new edition provides significantly more support for non-specialists, background to uncertainty of parameters and partial factor issues that underpin recent codes (e.g. Eurocode 7), and comprehensive coverage of the principles of the geotechnical design of gravity walls, embedded walls and composite structures. It is written for practising geotechnical, civil and structural engineers; and forms a reference for engineering geologists, geotechnical researchers and undergraduate civil engineering students.

Daily Warm-Ups: Earth Science - Level II Second Edition

Author: Robert G. Hoehn

Publisher: Walch Publishing

ISBN: 9780825144547

Category: Earth science

Page: 192

View: 8358

180 reproducible quick activities--one for each day of the school year--review, practice, and teach earth-science topics.

The Satellite Communication Ground Segment and Earth Station Handbook, Second Edition

Author: Bruce Elbert

Publisher: Artech House

ISBN: 1608076733

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 464

View: 7851

This updated and expanded second edition reflects the state of earth station design and ground segment architecture. From international telephone network gateways to direct broadcast home receivers, today’s broad range of ground systems and devices require satellite communication engineers and business managers to have a broad and sound understanding of the design and operating principles of earth stations and ground control facilities. This book explores the delivery end of the satellite link and its relationship to delivery of services. Authored by a leading authority in the field, the book provides engineers and managers with the knowledge they need to devise their own approach to implementing and managing earth stations and the overall ground segment. Readers find practical guidance in an array of critical areas, including: preparing requirements, performing preliminary analyses, reviewing hardware designs, managing the introduction of the overall ground segment, and more.

Physical Geology: The Science of Earth, 2nd Edition

Author: Charles Fletcher

Publisher: Wiley Global Education

ISBN: 111880385X

Category: Science

Page: 704

View: 9068

Physical Geology: The Science of Earth is a flexible learning tool that equips students with assets and content necessary to understand our planet and the science that drives it. By combining traditional introductory content with unique topics and innovative pedagogy, author Chip Fletcher challenges students to think critically about physical geology and its impact on their lives and the planet.

The Solid Earth

An Introduction to Global Geophysics

Author: C. M. R. Fowler

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521584098

Category: Science

Page: 685

View: 6886

The Solid Earth is a general introduction to the study of the physics of the solid Earth, including the workings of both the Earth's surface and its deep interior. The emphasis throughout is on basic physical principles rather than instrumentation or data handling. The second edition of this acclaimed textbook has been revised to bring the content fully up-to-date and to reflect the most recent advances in geophysical research. It is designed for undergraduates on introductory geophysics courses who have a general background in the physical sciences, including introductory calculus. It can also be used as a reference book for graduate students and other researchers in geology and geophysics. Each chapter ends with exercises of various degrees of complexity, for which solutions are available to instructors from www.cambridge.org/9780521893077. The book contains an extensive glossary of geological and physical terms, as well as appendices that develop more advanced mathematical topics.

Earth Anchors

Second Edition

Author: Braja M. Das,Sanjay K. Shukla

Publisher: J. Ross Publishing

ISBN: 1604270772

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 352

View: 825

Anchors are primarily used in the construction of foundations of earth-supported and earth-retaining structures. The fundamental reason for using earth anchors in construction is to transmit the outwardly directed load to the soil at a greater depth and/or farther away from the structure. Although earth anchors have been used in practice for several hundred years, proper theoretical developments for purposes of modern engineering designs have taken place only during the past 40 to 45 years. This book summarizes most theoretical and experimental works directed toward the development of proper relationships for ultimate and allowable holding capacity of earth anchors. J. Ross Publishing offers a supplemental download — A customizable PowerPoint instructional slide presentation prepared by the authors that complements the material covered in the book, chapter-by-chapter.

Earth's Evolving Systems

Author: Martin

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Learning

ISBN: 1284108295

Category: Medical

Page: 616

View: 7330

Earth’s Evolving Systems: The History of Planet Earth, Second Edition is an introductory text designed for popular courses in undergraduate Earth history. Written from a “systems perspective,” it provides coverage of the lithosphere, hydrosphere, atmosphere, and biosphere, and discussion of how those systems interacted over the course of geologic time.

Die Sonne, Stern unserer Erde

Author: Kenneth R. Lang

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3662066823

Category: Science

Page: 282

View: 4799

Eine faszinierende Entdeckungsreise zur Sonne und ihren unsichtbaren Welten. Für Fachkundige ebenso spannend zu lesen wie für Astronomie-Interessierte, führt das Buch verständlich in die Physik der Sonne ein und zeigt eindrucksvoll die Bedeutung des Sonnenlichts für das Leben auf der Erde. Gestützt auf neueste Forschungsergebnisse aus Radioteleskop- und Satellitenbeobachtungen beschreibt Kenneth Lang die gewaltigen atomenergetischen Prozesse der Sonne, den von ihr ausgehenden Neutrinofluß, ihre seismischen Aktivitäten, ihre Magnetfelder und Sonnenflecken, die Sonnenausbrüche und Protuberanzen, den Sonnenwind und den Einfluß der Sonne auf unser Klima und Wetter. Das Buch ist mit einer Fülle hervorragender Abbildungen ausgestattet, u.a. mit Fotomaterial der NASA, das hier zum ersten Mal veröffentlicht wird.

Earthworm Ecology

Author: Clive A. Edwards

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420039719

Category: Nature

Page: 456

View: 3191

Since the publication of the highly-successful first edition of Earthworm Ecology, there were two international symposia and an increased number of publications on the subject, demanding a revision of the book that addresses the most rapidly developing areas of earthworm research. Earthworm Ecology, Second Edition updates the most comprehensive work available on earthworm ecology with extensive revisions of the original chapters. This well-illustrated, expansive study examines the important, and often overlooked, impact earthworms have on the environment. It discusses the impact of climate, soil properties, predation, disease and parasitism, and competition upon earthworm ecology. New chapters analyze the history of earthworm research, the importance of earthworms as representatives of soil fauna and how they affect plant growth, the effects of the invasion of exotic earthworms into North America and other regions, and vermiculture and vermicomposting in Europe and Asia. This new material makes this volume an essential reference work for soil scientists, agronomists, and others with a great interest in earthworms.

Basin Analysis

Principles and Application to Petroleum Play Assessment

Author: Philip A. Allen,John R. Allen

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118450302

Category: Science

Page: 632

View: 8241

Basin Analysis is an advanced undergraduate andpostgraduate text aimed at understanding sedimentary basins asgeodynamic entities. The rationale of the book is that knowledge ofthe basic principles of the thermo-mechanical behaviour of thelithosphere, the dynamics of the mantle, and the functioning ofsediment routing systems provides a sound background for studyingsedimentary basins, and is a pre-requisite for the exploitation ofresources contained in their sedimentary rocks. The third editionincorporates new developments in the burgeoning field of basinanalysis while retaining the successful structure and overallphilosophy of the first two editions. The text is divided into 4 parts that establish the geodynamicalenvironment for sedimentary basins and the physical state of thelithosphere, followed by a coverage of the mechanics of basinformation, an integrated analysis of the controls on the basin-filland its burial and thermal history, and concludes with anapplication of basin analysis principles in petroleum playassessment, including a discussion of unconventional hydrocarbonplays. The text is richly supplemented by Appendices providingmathematical derivations of a wide range of processes affecting theformation of basins and their sedimentary fills. Many of theseAppendices include practical exercises that give the readerhands-on experience of quantitative solutions to important basinanalysis processes. Now in full colour and a larger format, this third edition is acomprehensive update and expansion of the previous editions, and represents a rigorous yet accessible guide to problemsolving in this most integrative of geoscientific disciplines. Additional resources for this book can be found at: ahref="http://www.wiley.com/go/allen/basinanalysis"www.wiley.com/go/allen/basinanalysis/a.

The Ocean Basins, Their Structure and Evolution, Second Edition

Earth sciences, Oceanography

Author: CTI Reviews

Publisher: Cram101 Textbook Reviews

ISBN: 1467245704

Category: Education

Page: 54

View: 8689

Facts101 is your complete guide to The Ocean Basins, Their Structure and Evolution, Second Edition. In this book, you will learn topics such as as those in your book plus much more. With key features such as key terms, people and places, Facts101 gives you all the information you need to prepare for your next exam. Our practice tests are specific to the textbook and we have designed tools to make the most of your limited study time.