Increasing productivity and improving livelihoods in aquatic agricultural systems: A review of interventions

Author: Castine, S.A.[Author]; Sellamuttu, S.S.[Author]; Cohen, P.[Author]; Chandrabalan, D.[Author]; Phillips, M.[Author]

Publisher: WorldFish

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 6230

Aquatic agricultural systems (AAS) are food production systems in which the productivity of freshwater or coastal ecosystems contributes significantly to total household nutrition, food security, and income in developing countries. The Consultative Group of International Agricultural Research (CGIAR) engages in research in development to address this challenge. The goal of the CGIAR research program on Aquatic Agricultural Systems (referred to in this paper as “the AAS program”) is to harness the development potential of aquatic agricultural systems to improve the livelihood security and well-being of an estimated 10 million by 2016 poor people who are dependent on these systems This working paper draws lessons from the target countries through a review of productivity interventions such as modifying habitats, harnessing underutilized productive resources, improving the integration of production commodities, supporting community-based natural resource management, and genetically improving strains. In total, this paper reviewed 20 productivity interventions.

Integrated Fish Farming

Author: Jack A. Mathias,Anthony T. Charles,Hu Baotong

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781566702607

Category: Science

Page: 432

View: 986

Integrated Fish Farming (IFF) is a sustainable-agriculture technology practiced widely in Asia and other regions of the world. This integrated technology can offer farmers economic improvements while lessening the adverse environmental impacts of farming. IFF systems typically involve a combination of fish polyculture, integration of agricultural production (livestock and/or crops) with aquaculture, and on-farm waste recycling. Drawing on research presented by experts from around the world at the International Workshop on Integrated Fish Farming, this book provides thorough, detailed and truly interdisciplinary coverage of one of the world's most important approaches to integrated farming systems. Integrated Fish Farming places IFF in a global context, reporting on case studies of successful IFF operations, experiments to enhance IFF performance, bioeconomic survey and modeling analyses, research on farm waste use and pond ecology, socioeconomic elements of IFF extension and adoption, and the bio-technical and economic aspects of adapting IFF to reservoirs, marshlands, rice paddies and marginal habitats.

State of World Aquaculture 2006

Author: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Inland Water Resources and Aquaculture Service

Publisher: Food & Agriculture Org.

ISBN: 9789251056318

Category: Nature

Page: 134

View: 4284

Aquaculture is developing, expanding and intensifying in almost all regions of the world, except in sub-Saharan Africa. Although the sector appears to be capable of meeting the gap between future demand and supply for aquatic food, there are many constraints and challenges which must be addressed in order to at least maintain the present level of per capita consumption at the global level. Key issues are the need for enhanced enforcement of regulation and better governance of the sector, as well as greater producer participation in the decision-making and regulation process. This publication examines past trends in aquaculture development as well as the current global status, drawing on a number of national and regional reviews.

Aquaculture in Bangladesh

Challenges and Opportunity

Author: A. K. M. Nuruzzaman

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Aquaculture

Page: 138

View: 5608

Environment and Livelihoods in Tropical Coastal Zones

Managing Agriculture-fishery-aquaculture Conflicts

Author: N.A

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 1845932188

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 309

View: 8017

This book focuses on the challenges people face in managing agricultural crops, aquaculture, fisheries and related ecosystems in areas of coastal zones in the tropics of Asia, Africa, Australia and South America. Challenges arise from conflicts in the use of natural resources among different stakeholders. Through many case studies, the book discusses the nature of these conflicts and identifies what is known and not known about how to manage them. Case studies include: · trade-offs between enhancing agricultural production and maintenance of rural livelihoods and aquatic biodiversity.· lessons learnt from the conversion of mangrove forests to shrimp farms.

Gender in Agriculture Sourcebook

Author: World Bank,Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO),International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD)

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 0821375881

Category: Social Science

Page: 764

View: 9248

The 'Gender in Agriculture Sourcebook' provides an up-to-date understanding of gender issues and a rich compilation of compelling evidence of good practices and lessons learned to guide practitioners in integrating gender dimensions into agricultural projects and programs. It is serves as a tool for: guidance; showcasing key principles in integrating gender into projects; stimulating the imagination of practitioners to apply lessons learned, experiences, and innovations to the design of future support and investment in the agriculture sector. The Sourcebook draws on a wide range of experience from World Bank, Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), and other donor agencies, governments, institutions, and groups active in agricultural development. The Sourcebook looks at: access to and control of assets; access to markets, information and organization; and capacity to manage risk and vulnerability through a gender lens. There are 16 modules covering themes of cross-cutting importance for agriculture with strong gender dimensions (Policy, Public Administration and Governance; Agricultural Innovation and Education; Food Security; Markets; Rural Finance; Rural Infrastructure; Water; Land; Labor; Natural Resource Management; and Disaster and Post-Conflict Management) and specific subsectors in agriculture (Crops, Livestock, Forestry, and Fisheries). A separate module on Monitoring and Evaluation is included, responding to the need to track implementation and development impact. Each module contains three different sub-units: (1) A Module Overview gives a broad introduction to the topic and provides a summary of major development issues in the sector and rationale of looking at gender dimension; (2) Thematic Notes provide a brief and technically sound guide in gender integration in selected themes with lessons learned, guidelines, checklists, organizing principles, key questions, and key performance indicators; and (3) Innovative Activity Profiles describe the design and innovative features of recent and exciting projects and activities that have been implemented or are ongoing.

Principles of Sustainable Aquaculture

Promoting Social, Economic and Environmental Resilience

Author: Stuart W. Bunting

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136462503

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 320

View: 7067

Aquaculture is the farming of aquatic organisms, principally fish, molluscs, crustaceans and marine algae. It has seen phenomenal worldwide growth in the past fifty years and many people view it as the best solution for the provision of high quality protein to feed the world's growing population, particularly with the rapid decline in wild marine fish populations. Aquaculture now contributes approximately one third of the world's fish production, and has increased by about eight per cent annually over the last thirty years, while wild capture fishery production has remained static. Focused on developing more sustainable aquaculture practices, this book provides an ideal advanced-level textbook. It is based on extensive evidence and knowledge of best practices, with guidance on appropriate adaptation and uptake in a variety of environmental, geographic, socio-economic and political settings. The author concentrates on low-impact aquaculture systems and approaches, which have minimal adverse effects on the environment. He also emphasizes socially responsible and equitable aquaculture development; to enhance the natural resource base and livelihoods. Drawing on a range of case-studies from around the world, the objective is to show where progress in terms of developing ecologically sound and socially responsible forms of aquaculture has been made. A tool-box of approaches to support widespread adoption and appropriate adaptation of regenerating aquaculture strategies is provided, ensuring the book will have practical relevance for both students and professionals.

Sustainability and Management of Aquaculture and Fisheries

Author: Har Darshan Kumar

Publisher: Daya Books

ISBN: 9788170353027

Category: Aquaculture

Page: 429

View: 8536

Sustainable water management, food security and water security being some of the most critical issues facing the world in the 21st century - dubbed the Century of Water : this monograph outlines various options for proactive management of fisheries and aquaculture to sustainably meet the growing food requirements of millions of people living in developing countries both in rural areas and in cities. Both freshwater and marine fisheries are covered. Besides giving production statistics calculated by various organisations, the book lists traditional as well as potentially promising newer organisms suitable for aquaculture in swamps, ponds, marshes, lakes and mangroves not only as a source of nutritious food but also as employment avenues for small-scale or marginal fisherfolk. The book can server as an introductory text for courses in fisheries and aquaculture both in traditional universities and in marine and freshwater institutes. Contents Chapter 1: General Introduction; Definitions, Definition of categories, Fish description, Sustainable development, Unsustainable fisheries, Aquaculture sustainability and food security, Wastes for aquaculture, Sustainable use of living marine sustainable, Aquaculture, Role of local governments in sustainable development, Enhancements systems approach to aquaculture, Quality, Safety, Marketing and trade of aquaculture products, Growth enhancement by genetic manipulation management concerns; Chapter 2: Fish Farming; Introduction, Sustainable aquaculture, Organic aquaculture, Genetics and aquaculture, Nutrition and feeding, Rapid fattening of Wild-caught eels, Exotic species, Salmon farming, Poverty alleviation, Box 2.1 CARP (Cyprinus carpio linnaeus), (Family Cyprinidae), Aquatic resources and the livelihoods of poor people, Water quality: Dissolved oxygen for sustainable aquaculture, Types of systems, Infrastructure and support technologies, Recirculation, Recirculation technology, Some new approaches, Fish cage systems, Inshore-nearshore cage farms, Offshore cage farming, Integrated cage-cum-pond aquaculture system, Abalone culture, Agriculture-aquaculture integration, Choice of fish species, Public health, Fodder-fish integration, Refuges, Stocking for rice-fish culture, Species-specific biology, Feeding and maintenance in rice-fish system, Management, Effects on rice yield, Benefits and potentials, Fish for integrated pest management in rice production, Fish as predators in rice fields, Shrimp farming in the sonoran desert; Chapter 3: Marine Fisheries and Aquaculture; Introduction, Trends in fishery development, Stock assessment, Global shellfish production, Fisheries and bioeconomics, The value of fisheries, Surplus production models, Stability, Multispecies assessment, Length, weight and age determination, Global synchrony in fish population variations, Marine protected areas, Scales relevant to recruitment in large marine, Ecosystems, Growth, survival and recruitment in large marine ecosystems (LMEs), Growth, Density-independent factors, Intrinsic or innate factors, A generalized concept of recruitment factors, Recruitment research in large marine, Ecosystems, Scallop farming, Sustainable shrimp culture, Aquaculture shrimp culture, Aquaculture in africa, Sustainable commercial aquaculture in sub-saharan africa, Sea urchin aquaculture (Echinoculture), Marine biotechnology and aquaculture, Biosecurity for shrimp aquaculture, Polyploidy in shrimp; Chapter 4: Coastal Aquaculture; Introduction, Global aquaculture production, Production systems, Cage cultivation, Chemicals and their applications, Soil and water treatments, Fertilizers, Disinfectants, Antibacterial agents, Therapeutants other than antibacterials, Pesticides, Herbicides/Algicides, Feed additives, Hormones, Issues of concern, Persistence, Residues in non-cultured organisms, Toxicity to non-target species, Stimulation of resistance, Effects on sediment biogeochemistry, Nutrient enrichment, Health of farm workers, Residues in seafood, Quality assurance of chemicals used in aquaculture, Difficulties in effluent treatment, Need for environmental fate and effects, Information, Salmon aquaculture, Prawn cultivation, Milkfish aquaculture in the philippines, Marine shrimp aquaculture in thailand; Chapter 5: Fisheries, Farming and Aquaculture in China and India; Introduction, Marine fisheries development, Selected species for sea farming, Seaweed, Molluscs, Abalone, Curstaceans (shrimp), Echinoderms (Sea cucumbers), Box 5.1 Sea cucumber, Marine fish (Left-eyed flounder), Sea farming and sea ranching systems, Inland fishery enhancements in china, Enhancement methods, Protection of natural fish resources, Stocking, Cage and pen fish culture, Reservoir fisheries, Marine capture fisheries (india), Inappropriate exploitation patterns, Target fishing, Managment versus exploitation, Sea ranching, Mariculture, Aquaculture, Shrimp production, Diversity and sustainability in aquaculture production, Regulation of egg production in crustaceans; Chapter 6: Inland Fisheries; Introduction, Perspectives, Polyculture, Transition from commercial to recreational use, Valuation, Environmental issues, Tilapia-the aquatic chicken, Tilapia genetics, Bird predation, Monosex populations, Lobster farming, Koura farming, Aquaculture techniques, Fishery biomanipulation, Fish removal, Stocking piscivorous fish, Impact of biomanipulation on fishery and fish stocks; Chapter 7: Wetlands and Mangroves; Introduction, Wetlands, Classes, Major Problems, Subsistence production and commercial production, Objectives of wetland management, Protection of wetlands, Management and conservation of wetlands in large lakes, Wetlands and shoreline gradients, Water level fluctuations, A model for changes in shoreline wetlands, A model for frequency and intensity of flooding, Centrifugal organization, Management guidelines, Mangroves-conversion into fish farms, Mangrove losses from shrimp farming, Aquaculture in wetlands of north india, nepal and bangladesh, Shrimp culture in india and bangladesh, Homestead catfish culture in bangladesh, Rice-cum-fish cultivation in nepal; Chapter 8: Freshwater Aquaculture in Europe; Introduction, Finfish production, The fish species, The role of introduced freshwater species in aquaculture production, Fish for industrial systems, Hygiene in foodstuffs, Production, products and sales, FAO code of conduct for responsible fisheries, FEAP code of conduct, Impact on trade of environmental and health/ hygiene legislation, Competition among aquaculture products, fish and non-fish meat products, Management of inland fisheries and aquaculture: Social, economic and cultural perspectives, Solutions, Inland fisheries in germany, Lake restoration in denmark; Chapter 9: Management of fisheries and aquaculture; Introduction, Models as a management tool, Articles relating to food safety, Article 6- General principles, Article 7- Fisheries management, Rehabilitation, Fisheries management and safety at sea, Role of fishermen, Good management practices, Sector level operating principles, Use of GMPs, Relationship of GMPs with other environmental management initiatives; Benefits of GMPs, Process for site specific SMPs, Initiation and participation co-management, Sector-level management needs, Integrated resource management, Management post-johannesburg, Five module LME approach, Management of post-harvest problems, Components of a national plan; Chapter 10: Environmental concerns; Introduction, Effects of fisheries on marine ecosystems, Overfishing, Impact of dams on fisheries, Aquatic macrophytes as a habitat of vectors and hosts of tropical diseases and biological control, Using fish, Aquaculture and inland fisheries, Global edible fish supply, Outlook, Inland fisheries, Threats, Managing species introductions, Pest fish in freshwater, Impacts of marine aquaculture, Secondary production in the oceans and the response to climate change, Effects of ultraviolet radiation on fisheries, Diel variation of DNA damage and repair, Effects of UV-B on fish in the antarctic, Effects of UV-B on phytoplankton, Variability of solar UV-B, Environmental effects of mussel farming, Minimizing environmental impacts of shrimp feeds.

East and South Asia and the Pacific (ESAP) Report

Author: International Assessment of Agricultural Knowledge, Science, and Technology for Development (Project)

Publisher: Agriculture at a Crossroads

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 223

View: 5369

The IAASTD was initiated by the World Bank and the United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization, with support from the World Bank, the World Health Organization, and other sponsors. Its goal is to analyze the potential of agricultural knowledge, science, and technology (AKST) for reducing hunger and poverty, improving rural livelihoods, and working toward environmentally, socially, and economically sustainable development. The results of the project are contained in seven reports: a Global Report, five regional Sub-Global Assessments, and a Synthesis Report. The Global Report gives the key findings of the Assessment, and the five Sub-Global Assessments address the most urgent regional challenges. The volumes present options for action-all supported by easy-to-understand graphs, charts, and tables. All of the reports have been extensively peer-reviewed by governments and experts and all have been approved by a panel of participating governments. The Sub-Global Assessments all utilize a similar and consistent framework: examining and reporting on the impacts of AKST on hunger, poverty, nutrition, human health, and environmental/social sustainability. The five Sub-Global Assessments cover the following regions: Central and West Asia and North Africa (CWANA) East and South Asia and the Pacific (ESAP) Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) North America and Europe (NAE) Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA)

Papers Presented at the FAO/NACA Consultation on Aquaculture for Sustainable Rural Development

Chiang Rai, Thailand, 29-31 March 1999

Author: Matthias Halwart,Dilip Kumar,Melba G. Bondad-Reantaso

Publisher: FAO

ISBN: 9789251054505

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 282

View: 6793

This document contains the papers presented at the Consultation on Aquaculture for Sustainable Rural Development which was organized jointly by FAO and NACA and held in Chiang Rai, Thailand, from March 29-31,1999 in order to develop the detailed structure of a regional program on aquaculture for sustainable rural development and to propose a strategy for its implementation. The consultation took an overview of the relevant information emerging from the presentations of country reports; lessons learned by specific projects; experiences of regional and international organizations and donor agencies; and findings of expert reviews. More sharply focused examination of critical issues and discussions on specific components of the draft program concept were followed through parallel working group discussions. The outputs of the working groups were further discussed during the concluding plenary. Finally, a detailed Program Framework on Aquaculture for Sustainable Rural Livelihood Development was conceived through consensus to serve as guiding principles for the formation of the program.--Publisher's description.

Philosophical Transactions

Biological sciences

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Biology

Page: N.A

View: 9092

Each issue of Transactions B is devoted to a specific area of the biological sciences, including clinical science. All papers are peer reviewed and edited to the highest standards. Published on the 29th of each month, Transactions B is essential reading for all biologists.

Rural Aquaculture

Author: Peter Edwards,David Little,Harvey Demaine

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 9780851995656

Category: Science

Page: 358

View: 8330

Aquaculture for both finfish and shellfish is expanding rapidly throughout the world. It is regarded as having the potential to provide a valuable source of protein in less developed countries and to be integrated into the farming systems and livelihoods of the rural poor. This book addresses key issues in aquaculture and rural development, with case studies drawn from several countries in South and South-East Asia. Papers included cover topics ranging from production and technical issues (such as pond culture and rice field fisheries) to social aspects and research and development methodology. The book has been developed from a meeting of the Asian Fisheries Society. It is aimed at all concerned with aquaculture and rural development.