Elements of Acoustic Phonetics

Author: Peter Ladefoged

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226467641

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 216

View: 1268

This revised and expanded edition of a classic textbook provides a concise introduction to basic concepts of acoustics and digital speech processing that are important to linguists, phoneticians, and speech scientists. The second edition includes four new chapters that cover new experimental techniques in acoustic phonetics made possible by the use of computers. Assuming no background in physics or mathematics, Ladefoged explains concepts that must be understood in using modern laboratory techniques for acoustic analysis, including resonances of the vocal tract and the relation of formants to different cavities; digital speech processing and computer storage of sound waves; and Fourier analysis and Linear Predictive Coding, the equations used most frequently in the analysis of speech sounds. Incorporating recent developments in our knowledge of the nature of speech, Ladefoged also updates the original edition's discussion of the basic properties of sound waves; variations in loudness, pitch, and quality of speech sounds; wave analysis; and the hearing and production of speech. Like its predecessor, this edition of Elements of Acoustic Phonetics will serve as an invaluable textbook and reference for students and practitioners of linguistics and speech science, and for anyone who wants to understand the physics of speech.

Speech Acoustics and Phonetics

Author: Gunnar Fant

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402057466

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 320

View: 9436

Presents an integrated view of the separate stages of the speech chain, covering the production process, speech data analysis, and speech perception. This book contains 19 articles organized in 6 chapters such as: Speech research overview with a historical outline, Speech production and synthesis, The voice source, Speech perception, and Prosody.

Speech Physiology, Speech Perception, and Acoustic Phonetics

Author: Philip Lieberman,Sheila E. Blumstein

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521313575

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 249

View: 7633

This textbook has been carefully designed to provide a thorough introduction to the study of speech. It assumes no technical background, and students from a wide variety of disciplines contributing to this new and exciting field will find the exposition fully accessible. Each chapter progresses from simple examples to more detailed discussions of recent primary research and concludes with stimulating problem sets. All topics essential for a basic understanding of the field are included: the physiological, biological, and neurological bases of speech; the physics of sound; the source-filter theory of speech production; and the underlying principles of electrical and computer models of speech production.

Techniques in Speech Acoustics

Author: J. Harrington,S. Cassidy

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401146578

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 319

View: 2959

Techniques in Speech Acoustics provides an introduction to the acoustic analysis and characteristics of speech sounds. The first part of the book covers aspects of the source-filter decomposition of speech, spectrographic analysis, the acoustic theory of speech production and acoustic phonetic cues. The second part is based on computational techniques for analysing the acoustic speech signal including digital time and frequency analyses, formant synthesis, and the linear predictive coding of speech. There is also an introductory chapter on the classification of acoustic speech signals which is relevant to aspects of automatic speech and talker recognition. The book intended for use as teaching materials on undergraduate and postgraduate speech acoustics and experimental phonetics courses; also aimed at researchers from phonetics, linguistics, computer science, psychology and engineering who wish to gain an understanding of the basis of speech acoustics and its application to fields such as speech synthesis and automatic speech recognition.

Elements of Human Voice

Author: C Julian Chen

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814733911

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 244

View: 6001

p>This is a self-contained monograph on human voice. It systematically expounds a theory of voice production initiated by Leonhard Euler, through an analysis of large amount of human voice data, especially simultaneously acquired voice signals and electroglottograph signals, as well as temporal variations of pressures directly below and above the vocal folds. Its contents include the physics and physiology of human voice production, parametrical representations of voice signals, and technology applications. Background knowledge on general acoustics and mathematical tools pertinent to quantitative descriptions of human voice are explained in detail. Readers of this monograph include researchers, practitioners and students in the fields of physiology and medicine, acoustics, computer science, telecommunication, acoustic phonetics, and vocal music. Contents: PrefacePhysics and Physiology:Acoustic WavesVoice OrgansExperimental FactsThe Physics of Voice ProductionMathematical Representations:Timbron ExtractionTimbre VectorsWaveform RecoveryApplicationsAppendices:Kramers–Kronig RelationsLaguerre FunctionsBibliographyIndex Readership: Graduate students, academics and professionals in the field of computer science especially voice interface, physiology and medicine especially otolaryngology, linguistics especially phonetics, and vocal music.

Acoustic Phonetics

A Course of Basic Readings

Author: D. B. Fry

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521107457

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 469

View: 7708

D. B. Fry has edited a basic course of readings on the acoustics of speech. The collection includes all the important classical papers in the field. It is carefully structured to present the student with a coherent picture of the relations between language units and the corresponding sound-waves and to explain the laws that govern these relations. He includes extracts which explain the generation of sound-waves by the speech-mechanism, the methods of acoustic analysis of speech, and the operation of the sound spectograph (with excerpts from the first published accounts of the instrument). The volume also illustrates the contribution to the general study of language made by research on speech perception. There are accounts of speech synthesis, and of experiments on rhythm, intonation and the perception of acoustic cues.

Music as the Source of Learning

Consultant in Early Childhood and Remedial Education and Educational Technology

Author: A.S. Wisbey

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401162204

Category: Education

Page: 165

View: 9365

The evidence grows daily that much learning failure results from undetected early childhood hearing problems (Gordon 1977). This is because the child is deprived of the state of acute hearing sensitivity normally present at birth which makes it possible to recognize the loudness levels and duration of each individual sound. This is how a child learns the signifi cance of the slightest variations in the quality of each sound as he collects information from the environment through all his senses, and the meaning of these changes is experienced and understood. As a result of normal sensory experience and reaction with the environment the multisensory systems are used and developed. Similarly, the growth of the brain is stimulated to make possible the storage of infor mation and to produce the biochemical state necessary to transmit and relate the sensory information so collected and stored (Monckeberg and Prescott, 1975). If the loudness level of sound is reduced so too is its impact. In this form a baby's normal 'startle response' to a sound, which includes the flickering open of the eyes, is rarely experienced. This response of the eyes is a seeking out of a sound source. The visual localizing of sound sources, leading to the antiCipation of their spatial position, arises from the ability to hear the fine changes of pitch and loudness levels involved in movement.

Solutions for Singers

Tools for Performers and Teachers

Author: Richard Miller

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199882843

Category: Music

Page: 320

View: 7051

While many texts and courses on the art of singing offer comprehensive overviews of technique and performance, few have time to delve into the specific questions they spawn. Solutions for Singers explores these unanswered questions, filling in gaps that professional performers, students of singing, and voice teachers have long sought to close. Fielding over 200 questions, distinguished teacher and performer Richard Miller tackles problems raised during hundreds of his master classes and pedagogy courses. He deliberately avoids abstract generalities, concentrating instead on specific, recurring questions: What are some good exercises to loosen or relax tension in the back of the tongue? Do you apply the same principles regarding breathing to a younger student that you do to older students? What is meant by voiced and unvoiced consonants? Is there a female falsetto? Through such specialized questions, Miller probes the very essence of artistic expression. The questions are organized under ten broad topics, which Miller considers from various angles. He couples traditional and modern philosophies to present the most relevant and precise solutions. The result is an invaluable handbook for singers, which, read either sequentially or selectively, provides a unique and pragmatic approach to vocal artistry and technique.

The Phonology/paraphonology Interface and the Sounds of German Across Time

Author: Irmengard Rauch

Publisher: Peter Lang

ISBN: 9781433101151

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 235

View: 9866

"The Phonology / Paraphonology Interface and the Sounds of German Across Time" is an excursion into the phonology of the German language in the present, the remote prehistoric past (Indo-European and Germanic), and throughout the almost thousand-year historical era. It accordingly addresses all eras pertaining to the study of the German language in its innermost core, namely, its phonology. This book makes accessible to linguists and non-linguists alike the elements of acoustic and articulatory phonetics. It provides the reader with insight into phonological methods from the Prague Structuralism and Chomskyan Generativism of the last seventy-five years to an array of today's non-linear approaches by applying them to given phonological changes that act as leitmotifs in the research of German sounds through time. The dynamic acts that infuse the structure of German phonology, such as ablaut, umlaut, and various other assimilations, diphthongizations, monophthongizations, and consonant shifts, are all woven into the book. In each of the three time frames, the interface with ample paraphonological data allows the reader to experience flesh and blood phonology, that is, how it occurs and to what purpose in the mouth / ear of the speaker / listener of the German language. Not least, the reading of a piece of literature, be it a Runic inscription, the Old High German "Otfrid," a Middle High German dawn song, the Early New High German "Ackermann aus Bohmen," or a Rilke poem, adds delight to the understanding of the sounds that belong to our most vital and prized human possessions."

An Introduction to the Science of Phonetics

Author: Nigel Hewlett,Janet Mackenzie Beck

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780805838688

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 351

View: 2751

There are virtually no texts available that contain coverage of phonetics, speech acoustics, speech production, and hearing. The authors have designed courses in which they have taught these elements together. The Speech and Hearing Sciences need to be integrated for a full understanding of Phonetic Science, and generations of students have benefitted from this approach. Though the audience for this book will be mainly students in the Speech Sciences, it will also be valuable to any students studying hearing science and acoustics. The book is well supported with figures, tables, and practice boxes with experiments. The book is designed as an introduction to the scientific study of speech. No prior knowledge of phonetics is assumed. As far as mathematical knowlege is concerned, all that is assumed is a knowledge of simple arithmetic and as far as possible concepts are dealt with on an intuitive rather than mathematical level. The anatomical material is all fully explained and illustrated. The book is arranged in four parts. Part 1, Basic Principles, provides an introduction to established phonetic theory and to the principles of phonetic analysis and description, including phonetic transcription. Part 2, Acoustic Phonetics, considers the physical nature of speech sounds as they pass through the air between speaker and hearer. It includes sections on temporal measurement, fundamental frequency, spectra and spectrograms. Part 3, Auditory Phonetics, covers the anatomy of the ear and the perception of loudness, pitch and quality. The final part, Part 4, covers the articulatory production of speech, and shows how experimental techniques and tools can enhance our understanding of the complexities of speech production.

Research Methods in Linguistics

Author: Robert J. Podesva,Devyani Sharma

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107653312

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 568

View: 4475

A comprehensive guide to conducting research projects in linguistics, this book provides a complete training in state-of-the-art data collection, processing, and analysis techniques. The book follows the structure of a research project, guiding the reader through the steps involved in collecting and processing data, and providing a solid foundation for linguistic analysis. All major research methods are covered, each by a leading expert. Rather than focusing on narrow specializations, the text fosters interdisciplinarity, with many chapters focusing on shared methods such as sampling, experimental design, transcription and constructing an argument. Highly practical, the book offers helpful tips on how and where to get started, depending on the nature of the research question. The only book that covers the full range of methods used across the field, this student-friendly text is also a helpful reference source for the more experienced researcher and current practitioner.

Handbook of Acoustics

Author: Malcolm J. Crocker

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471252931

Category: Science

Page: 1461

View: 3686

Acoustical engineers, researchers, architects, and designers need a comprehensive, single-volume reference that provides quick and convenient access to important information, answers and questions on a broad spectrum of topics, and helps solve the toughest problems in acoustical design and engineering. The Handbook of Acoustics meets that need. It offers concise coverage of the science and engineering of acoustics and vibration. In more than 100 clearly written chapters, experts from around the world share their knowledge and expertise in topics ranging from basic aerodynamics and jet noise to acoustical signal processing, and from the interaction of fluid motion and sound to infrasound, ultrasonics, and quantum acoustics. Topics covered include: * General linear acoustics * Nonlinear acoustics and cavitation * Aeroacoustics and atmospheric sound * Mechanical vibrations and shock * Statistical methods in acoustics * Architectural acoustics * Physiological acoustics * Underwater sound * Ultrasonics, quantum acoustics, and physical aspects of sound * Noise: its effects and control * Acoustical signal processing * Psychological acoustics * Speech communication * Music and musical acoustics * Acoustical measurements and instrumentation * Transducers The Handbook of Acoustics belongs on the reference shelf of every engineer, architect, research scientist, or designer with a professional interest in the propagation, control, transmission, and effects of sound.