Elements of Set Theory

Author: Herbert B. Enderton

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0080570429

Category: Mathematics

Page: 279

View: 6749

This is an introductory undergraduate textbook in set theory. In mathematics these days, essentially everything is a set. Some knowledge of set theory is necessary part of the background everyone needs for further study of mathematics. It is also possible to study set theory for its own interest--it is a subject with intruiging results anout simple objects. This book starts with material that nobody can do without. There is no end to what can be learned of set theory, but here is a beginning.

Elements of Set Theory

Author: Herbert B. Enderton

Publisher: Gulf Professional Publishing

ISBN: 0122384407

Category: Mathematics

Page: 279

View: 4035

This is an introductory undergraduate textbook in set theory. In mathematics these days, essentially everything is a set. Some knowledge of set theory is necessary part of the background everyone needs for further study of mathematics. It is also possible to study set theory for its own interest--it is a subject with intruiging results anout simple objects. This book starts with material that nobody can do without. There is no end to what can be learned of set theory, but here is a beginning.

Elements of set theory

Author: Peter W. Zehna,Robert Leo Johnson

Publisher: N.A


Category: Mathematics

Page: 197

View: 5505

Handbook of Set Theory

Author: Matthew Foreman,Akihiro Kanamori

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402057644

Category: Mathematics

Page: 2230

View: 8887

Numbers imitate space, which is of such a di?erent nature —Blaise Pascal It is fair to date the study of the foundation of mathematics back to the ancient Greeks. The urge to understand and systematize the mathematics of the time led Euclid to postulate axioms in an early attempt to put geometry on a ?rm footing. With roots in the Elements, the distinctive methodology of mathematics has become proof. Inevitably two questions arise: What are proofs? and What assumptions are proofs based on? The ?rst question, traditionally an internal question of the ?eld of logic, was also wrestled with in antiquity. Aristotle gave his famous syllogistic s- tems, and the Stoics had a nascent propositional logic. This study continued with ?ts and starts, through Boethius, the Arabs and the medieval logicians in Paris and London. The early germs of logic emerged in the context of philosophy and theology. The development of analytic geometry, as exempli?ed by Descartes, ill- tratedoneofthedi?cultiesinherentinfoundingmathematics. Itisclassically phrased as the question ofhow one reconciles the arithmetic with the geom- ric. Arenumbers onetypeofthingand geometricobjectsanother? Whatare the relationships between these two types of objects? How can they interact? Discovery of new types of mathematical objects, such as imaginary numbers and, much later, formal objects such as free groups and formal power series make the problem of ?nding a common playing ?eld for all of mathematics importunate. Several pressures made foundational issues urgent in the 19th century.

Notes on Set Theory

Author: Yiannis N. Moschovakis

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540941804

Category: Axiomatische Mengenlehre

Page: 272

View: 1692

The axiomatic theory of sets is a vibrant part of pure mathematics, with its own basic notions, fundamental results, and deep open problems. It is also viewed as a foundation of mathematics so that "to make a notion precise" simply means "to define it in set theory." This book gives a solid introduction to "pure set theory" through transfinite recursion and the construction of the cumulative hierarchy of sets, and also attempts to explain how mathematical objects can be faithfully modeled within the universe of sets. In this new edition the author has added solutions to the exercises, and rearranged and reworked the text to improve the presentation.

Intermediate set theory

Author: Frank Robert Drake,Dasharath Singh

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Inc

ISBN: 9780471964940

Category: Mathematics

Page: 234

View: 3808

The authors cover first order logic and the main topics of set theory in a clear mathematical style with sensible philosophical discussion. The emphasis is on presenting the use of set theory in various areas of mathematics, with particular attention paid to introducing axiomatic set theory, showing how the axioms are needed in mathematical practice and how they arise. Other areas introduced include the axiom of choice, filters and ideals. Exercises are provided which are suitable for both beginning students and degree-level students.

Theory of Sets

Author: N. Bourbaki

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642593097

Category: Mathematics

Page: 414

View: 8634

Axiomatic Set Theory

Author: Patrick Suppes

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486136876

Category: Mathematics

Page: 265

View: 5430

Geared toward upper-level undergraduates and graduate students, this treatment examines the basic paradoxes and history of set theory and advanced topics such as relations and functions, equipollence, more. 1960 edition.

A Course on Set Theory

Author: Ernest Schimmerling

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139501488

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

View: 4310

Set theory is the mathematics of infinity and part of the core curriculum for mathematics majors. This book blends theory and connections with other parts of mathematics so that readers can understand the place of set theory within the wider context. Beginning with the theoretical fundamentals, the author proceeds to illustrate applications to topology, analysis and combinatorics, as well as to pure set theory. Concepts such as Boolean algebras, trees, games, dense linear orderings, ideals, filters and club and stationary sets are also developed. Pitched specifically at undergraduate students, the approach is neither esoteric nor encyclopedic. The author, an experienced instructor, includes motivating examples and over 100 exercises designed for homework assignments, reviews and exams. It is appropriate for undergraduates as a course textbook or for self-study. Graduate students and researchers will also find it useful as a refresher or to solidify their understanding of basic set theory.

Set Theory and its Philosophy

A Critical Introduction

Author: Michael Potter

Publisher: Clarendon Press

ISBN: 0191556432

Category: Philosophy

Page: 360

View: 6863

Michael Potter presents a comprehensive new philosophical introduction to set theory. Anyone wishing to work on the logical foundations of mathematics must understand set theory, which lies at its heart. Potter offers a thorough account of cardinal and ordinal arithmetic, and the various axiom candidates. He discusses in detail the project of set-theoretic reduction, which aims to interpret the rest of mathematics in terms of set theory. The key question here is how to deal with the paradoxes that bedevil set theory. Potter offers a strikingly simple version of the most widely accepted response to the paradoxes, which classifies sets by means of a hierarchy of levels. What makes the book unique is that it interweaves a careful presentation of the technical material with a penetrating philosophical critique. Potter does not merely expound the theory dogmatically but at every stage discusses in detail the reasons that can be offered for believing it to be true. Set Theory and its Philosophy is a key text for philosophy, mathematical logic, and computer science.

Naive Set Theory

Author: Paul R. Halmos

Publisher: Courier Dover Publications

ISBN: 0486814874

Category: Mathematics

Page: 112

View: 1219

Classic by prominent mathematician offers a concise introduction to set theory using language and notation of informal mathematics. Topics include the basic concepts of set theory, cardinal numbers, transfinite methods, more. 1960 edition.

Set Theory for the Working Mathematician

Author: Krzysztof Ciesielski

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521594653

Category: Mathematics

Page: 236

View: 4340

Presents those methods of modern set theory most applicable to other areas of pure mathematics.

Classic Set Theory

For Guided Independent Study

Author: D.C. Goldrei

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351460609

Category: Mathematics

Page: 296

View: 4290

Designed for undergraduate students of set theory, Classic Set Theory presents a modern perspective of the classic work of Georg Cantor and Richard Dedekin and their immediate successors. This includes:The definition of the real numbers in terms of rational numbers and ultimately in terms of natural numbersDefining natural numbers in terms of setsThe potential paradoxes in set theoryThe Zermelo-Fraenkel axioms for set theoryThe axiom of choiceThe arithmetic of ordered setsCantor's two sorts of transfinite number - cardinals and ordinals - and the arithmetic of these.The book is designed for students studying on their own, without access to lecturers and other reading, along the lines of the internationally renowned courses produced by the Open University. There are thus a large number of exercises within the main body of the text designed to help students engage with the subject, many of which have full teaching solutions. In addition, there are a number of exercises without answers so students studying under the guidance of a tutor may be assessed.Classic Set Theory gives students sufficient grounding in a rigorous approach to the revolutionary results of set theory as well as pleasure in being able to tackle significant problems that arise from the theory.

Elements of Point Set Topology

Author: John D. Baum

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486668266

Category: Mathematics

Page: 150

View: 5341

Topology continues to be a topic of prime importance in contemporary mathematics, but until the publication of this book there were few if any introductions to topology for undergraduates. This book remedied that need by offering a carefully thought-out, graduated approach to point set topology at the undergraduate level. To make the book as accessible as possible, the author approaches topology from a geometric and axiomatic standpoint; geometric, because most students come to the subject with a good deal of geometry behind them, enabling them to use their geometric intuition; axiomatic, because it parallels the student's experience with modern algebra, and keeps the book in harmony with current trends in mathematics. After a discussion of such preliminary topics as the algebra of sets, Euler-Venn diagrams and infinite sets, the author takes up basic definitions and theorems regarding topological spaces (Chapter 1). The second chapter deals with continuous functions (mappings) and homeomorphisms, followed by two chapters on special types of topological spaces (varieties of compactness and varieties of connectedness). Chapter 5 covers metric spaces. Since basic point set topology serves as a foundation not only for functional analysis but also for more advanced work in point set topology and algebraic topology, the author has included topics aimed at students with interests other than analysis. Moreover, Dr. Baum has supplied quite detailed proofs in the beginning to help students approaching this type of axiomatic mathematics for the first time. Similarly, in the first part of the book problems are elementary, but they become progressively more difficult toward the end of the book. References have been supplied to suggest further reading to the interested student.

Theory of Sets

Author: E. Kamke

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 048645083X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 144

View: 1073

This introduction to the theory of sets employs the discoveries of Cantor, Russell, Weierstrass, Zermelo, Bernstein, Dedekind, and others. It analyzes concepts and principles, offering numerous examples. Topics include the rudiments of set theory, arbitrary sets and their cardinal numbers, ordered sets and their order types, and well-ordered sets and their ordinal numbers. 1950 edition.

A Book of Set Theory

Author: Charles C Pinter

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486497089

Category: Mathematics

Page: 256

View: 2202

"This accessible approach to set theory for upper-level undergraduates poses rigorous but simple arguments. Each definition is accompanied by commentary that motivates and explains new concepts. A historical introduction is followed by discussions of classes and sets, functions, natural and cardinal numbers, the arithmetic of ordinal numbers, and related topics. 1971 edition with new material by the author"--

Introduction to Set Theory and Topology

Author: Kazimierz Kuratowski

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483151638

Category: Mathematics

Page: 352

View: 467

Introduction to Set Theory and Topology describes the fundamental concepts of set theory and topology as well as its applicability to analysis, geometry, and other branches of mathematics, including algebra and probability theory. Concepts such as inverse limit, lattice, ideal, filter, commutative diagram, quotient-spaces, completely regular spaces, quasicomponents, and cartesian products of topological spaces are considered. This volume consists of 21 chapters organized into two sections and begins with an introduction to set theory, with emphasis on the propositional calculus and its application to propositions each having one of two logical values, 0 and 1. Operations on sets which are analogous to arithmetic operations are also discussed. The chapters that follow focus on the mapping concept, the power of a set, operations on cardinal numbers, order relations, and well ordering. The section on topology explores metric and topological spaces, continuous mappings, cartesian products, and other spaces such as spaces with a countable base, complete spaces, compact spaces, and connected spaces. The concept of dimension, simplexes and their properties, and cuttings of the plane are also analyzed. This book is intended for students and teachers of mathematics.