The Emancipation of the Serfs in Russia

Peace Arbitrators and the Development of Civil Society

Author: Roxanne Easley

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134001932

Category: History

Page: 240

View: 3625

In the wake of the disastrous Crimean War, the Russian autocracy completely renovated its most basic social, political and economic systems by emancipating some 23 million privately-owned serfs. This had enormous consequences for all aspects of Russian life, and profound effects on the course of Russian history. This book examines the emancipation of the serfs, focusing on the mechanisms used to enact the reforms and the implications for Russian politics and society in the long term. Because the autocracy lacked the necessary resources for the reform, it created new institutions with real powers and autonomy, particularly the mirovoi posrednik, or 'peace arbitrator'. The results of this strategy differed in practice from the authorities’ original intentions. The new institutions invigorated Russian political life, introduced norms that challenged centuries-old customs and traditions, and fostered a nascent civil society, allowing Russia to follow the basic trajectory of Western European socio-political development.

Die toten Seelen


Author: Nikolai Gogol

Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag

ISBN: 3104018154

Category: Fiction

Page: 512

View: 3349

Mit dem Werkbeitrag aus Kindlers Literatur Lexikon. Mit dem Autorenporträt aus dem Metzler Lexikon Weltliteratur. Mit Daten zu Leben und Werk, exklusiv verfasst von der Redaktion der Zeitschrift für Literatur TEXT + KRITIK. Auf so eine zynische Idee muss man erst mal kommen: Ein ehemaliger Zolleinnehmer reist durch die russische Provinz und kauft mehreren Gutsbesitzern verstorbene Leibeigene ab, weil diese noch beim Finanzamt eingetragen sind und deshalb als Pfandobjekte an Kreditinstitute verkauft werden können. Auch wenn man sich im Zeitalter der Globalisierung längst an solche Formen des Zynismus gewöhnt hat – Gogols groteske Kritik am kaltblütigen Gewinnstreben hat nichts von ihrer Schärfe verloren.

Emancipation of the Polish Peasantry

Author: Stefan Kieniewicz

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226435261

Category: History

Page: 306

View: 3289

Captured in this study are the complexity and fascination of one hundred and fifty years of Polish political, cultural, and socioeconmic history. The author traces the course of peasant emancipation in Poland from its beginnings during the Enlightenment to its aftermath in the cultural awakening of the peasantry during the half century prior to World War I and shows how the peasant question played a vital role in the struggle for independence in partitioned Poland. The book synthesizes, for the first time in any language, the work of leading Polish historians during the present century. It presents a clear analysis of the disintegration of the economic system based on serfdom and compulsory labor prevalent in feudal Poland and traces the emergence of modern capitalist conditions, including wage labor and independent property rights. Also analyzed is the role of foreign goverments in the emacipation process. The freeing of the serfs took place during a period when all or most of the country was under the rule of Russia, Prussia, or Austria. Although emancipation was due primarily to economic forces withing Poland, it was hastened by peasant resistance and the national struggle for political independence led by Polish patriots who demanded far-reaching social reforms. This comprehensive study provides valuable information not only to those with a particular interest in Poland but also to scholars concerned with the parallel problems in Russia andother Eastern Eurpean countries, to specialists in agrarian history, and to students of Eastern European history who lack adequate reading materials in English.

Die arme Lisa


Author: Nikolaj M. Karamzin

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783150078617


Page: 76

View: 8950

The Institutional Framework of Russian Serfdom

Author: Tracy Dennison

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139496077

Category: History

Page: N.A

View: 4218

Russian rural history has long been based on a 'Peasant Myth', originating with nineteenth-century Romantics and still accepted by many historians today. In this book, Tracy Dennison shows how Russian society looked from below, and finds nothing like the collective, redistributive and market-averse behaviour often attributed to Russian peasants. On the contrary, the Russian rural population was as integrated into regional and even national markets as many of its west European counterparts. Serfdom was a loose garment that enabled different landlords to shape economic institutions, especially property rights, in widely diverse ways. Highly coercive and backward regimes on some landlords' estates existed side-by-side with surprisingly liberal approximations to a rule of law. This book paints a vivid and colourful picture of the everyday reality of rural Russia before the 1861 abolition of serfdom.

Die Verdammten dieser Erde

Author: Frantz Fanon,Jean-Paul Sartre

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783518371688

Category: Afrika - Entkolonialisierung

Page: 266

View: 7612

The Origins of the Russian Revolution, 1861–1917

Author: Alan Wood

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134397984

Category: History

Page: 120

View: 727

Alan Wood provides a concise introduction to the Russian Revolution and its origins dating back to the emancipation of the Russian peasant serfs in 1861. The third edition of this successful pamphlet brings the historiography up to date to include the multitude of research in the last ten years that followed the collapse of the Soviet Union and the opening up of the archives.

Reform in Modern Russian History

Progress Or Cycle?

Author: Theodore Taranovski,Peggy McInerny,Lee H. Hamilton

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521451772

Category: History

Page: 436

View: 4200

An historical introduction to the prospects for reform in Russian state and society.

Der Kirschgarten


Author: Anton P. Čechov,Vera Bischitzky

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783423138352


Page: 565

View: 2489

The First Epoch

The Eighteenth Century and the Russian Cultural Imagination

Author: Luba Golburt

Publisher: University of Wisconsin Pres

ISBN: 0299298140

Category: History

Page: 387

View: 8371

In the shadow of Pushkin's Golden Age, Russia's eighteenth-century culture was relegated to an obscurity hardly befitting its actually radical legacy. Why did nineteenth-century Russians put the eighteenth century so quickly behind them? How does a meaningful present become a seemingly meaningless past? Interpreting texts by Lomonosov, Derzhavin, Pushkin, Viazemsky, Turgenev, Tolstoy, and others, Luba Golburt finds surprising answers.

Karamzin's Memoir on Ancient and Modern Russia

A Translation and Analysis

Author: Nikolaĭ Mikhaĭlovich Karamzin,Richard Pipes

Publisher: University of Michigan Press

ISBN: 9780472030507

Category: History

Page: 266

View: 8327

Russian history was typically studied through liberal or socialist lenses until Richard Pipes first published his translation of Karamzin's Memoir. Almost fifty years later, it is still the only English-language edition of this classic work. Still fresh and readable today, the Memoir-in which Alexander I's state historian elaborates his arguments for a strong Russian state-remains the most accessible introduction to the conservatism of Russia's ancien regime. This annotated translation is a "faithful rendition of the letter and spirit of the original," which not only introduces readers to the sweep of Karamzin's ideas, but also weaves together a fascinating version of Russia's rich history. With a new foreword by Richard Pipes, Karamzin's Memoir on Ancient and Modern Russia is a touchstone for anyone interested in Russia's fascinating and turbulent past. Richard Pipes is Baird Professor of History at Harvard University. Nikolai M. Karamzin (1766-1826) was a Russian historian, poet, and journalist. He was appointed court historian by Tsar Alexander I.


A Russian Life

Author: Rosamund Bartlett

Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt

ISBN: 0151014388

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 544

View: 5590

Draws on key Russian sources and extensive new materials to trace the influential 19th-century literary master's life and legacy, providing coverage of such topics as his early life, his troubled relationship with his wife and his evocative portrayals of beloved Russian landscapes.

Russian Economic History

The Nineteenth Century

Author: Arcadius Kahan

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226422435

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 244

View: 4191

Upon the foundation of his unique experience and education, the late Arcadius Kahan (1920-1982) built a substantial body of scholarship on all aspects of the tsarist economy. Yet some of his important contribution might well have been dissipated were it not for this collection, since many of these essays were often available only in isolated, obscure sources. This posthumous volume makes readily available for the first time ten of Kahan's essays, nine previously published in English and one in German, which serve to integrate his carefully developed picture of nineteenth-century Russian economic history. Kahan's remarkable vision forms a complement to the thought of Gerschenkron, and this volume is certain to become a valuable source for scholars and students of Russian and European economic and social history.

Das neue Russland

Der Umbruch und das System Putin

Author: Michail Gorbatschow


ISBN: 3732513777

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 560

View: 2267

Nach Jahren der Annäherung ist das Verhältnis zwischen Deutschland und Russland so angespannt wie seit mehr als 25 Jahren nicht mehr. Was Putin antreibt, warum er die Konfrontation mit dem Westen sucht und den Rückfall in den Kalten Krieg in Kauf nimmt, ist vielen ein Rätsel. Nicht Michail Gorbatschow. Mit einzigartiger Kennerschaft beschreibt er die Entstehung des "Systems Putin" und die Absichten dieses Mannes. Unverblümt rechnet er mit Putin ab. Dieser zerstöre um seiner eigenen Macht willen die Errungenschaften der Perestroika in Russland und errichte ein System ohne Zukunft. Deshalb fordert Gorbatschow ein neues politisches System für Russland, und er mahnt den Westen, nicht mit dem Feuer zu spielen. Ein wichtiges, ein notwendiges Buch, das neue Blickwinkel eröffnet - und das politische Vermächtnis des großen Mannes, der die deutsche Einheit mitermöglichte.