The Emancipation of the Serfs in Russia

Peace Arbitrators and the Development of Civil Society

Author: Roxanne Easley

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134001932

Category: History

Page: 240

View: 2341

In the wake of the disastrous Crimean War, the Russian autocracy completely renovated its most basic social, political and economic systems by emancipating some 23 million privately-owned serfs. This had enormous consequences for all aspects of Russian life, and profound effects on the course of Russian history. This book examines the emancipation of the serfs, focusing on the mechanisms used to enact the reforms and the implications for Russian politics and society in the long term. Because the autocracy lacked the necessary resources for the reform, it created new institutions with real powers and autonomy, particularly the mirovoi posrednik, or 'peace arbitrator'. The results of this strategy differed in practice from the authorities’ original intentions. The new institutions invigorated Russian political life, introduced norms that challenged centuries-old customs and traditions, and fostered a nascent civil society, allowing Russia to follow the basic trajectory of Western European socio-political development.

The Institutional Framework of Russian Serfdom

Author: Tracy Dennison

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139496077

Category: History

Page: N.A

View: 6243

Russian rural history has long been based on a 'Peasant Myth', originating with nineteenth-century Romantics and still accepted by many historians today. In this book, Tracy Dennison shows how Russian society looked from below, and finds nothing like the collective, redistributive and market-averse behaviour often attributed to Russian peasants. On the contrary, the Russian rural population was as integrated into regional and even national markets as many of its west European counterparts. Serfdom was a loose garment that enabled different landlords to shape economic institutions, especially property rights, in widely diverse ways. Highly coercive and backward regimes on some landlords' estates existed side-by-side with surprisingly liberal approximations to a rule of law. This book paints a vivid and colourful picture of the everyday reality of rural Russia before the 1861 abolition of serfdom.

Lord and Peasant in Russia

From the Ninth to the Nineteenth Century

Author: Jerome Blum

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691007649

Category: History

Page: 656

View: 7722

Study of the relationship between lord and peasant from the 9th to the 19th centuries, told against a background of Russian political and economic evolution.

Unfree Labor

Author: Peter KOLCHIN

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674039718

Category: History

Page: 553

View: 5305

The Historical Encyclopedia of World Slavery

Author: Junius P. Rodriguez

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 0874368855

Category: History

Page: 805

View: 5617

Looks at historical arguments made for slavery and abolition, slavery systems in various countries, related legal cases, slave rebellions, slave biographies, the history of the slave trade, and the teachings of various religions concerning slavery

Abolition of Serfdom in Russia

1762-1907

Author: David Moon

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317886151

Category: History

Page: 232

View: 7022

In February 1861 Tsar Alexander II issued the statutes abolishing the institution of serfdom in Russia. The procedures set in motion by Alexander II undid the ties that bound together 22 million serfs and 100,000 noble estate owners, and changed the face of Russia. Rather than presenting abolition as an 'event' that happened in February 1861, The Abolition of Serfdom in Russia presents the reform as a process. It traces the origins of the abolition of serfdom back to reforms in related areas in 1762 and forward to the culmination of the process in 1907. Written in an engaging and accessible manner, the book shows how the reform process linked the old social, economic and political order of eighteenth-century Russia with the radical transformations of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries that culminated in revolution in 1917.

The Fragile Empire

A History of Imperial Russia

Author: Alexander Chubarov

Publisher: Continuum International Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780826413086

Category: History

Page: 244

View: 6282

"It gloried in being a "people's autocracy" at a time when the regime was increasingly detached from its people. The empire of the tsars was becoming ever more vulnerable until it was shattered to pieces in the turmoil of war and revolution. Using the most recent Russian and Western research, the book provides the reader with a good historical basis on which to judge Russia's Soviet experience and her current transition to democracy."--BOOK JACKET.

Emancipation of the Polish Peasantry

Author: Stefan Kieniewicz

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226435261

Category: History

Page: 306

View: 9713

Captured in this study are the complexity and fascination of one hundred and fifty years of Polish political, cultural, and socioeconmic history. The author traces the course of peasant emancipation in Poland from its beginnings during the Enlightenment to its aftermath in the cultural awakening of the peasantry during the half century prior to World War I and shows how the peasant question played a vital role in the struggle for independence in partitioned Poland. The book synthesizes, for the first time in any language, the work of leading Polish historians during the present century. It presents a clear analysis of the disintegration of the economic system based on serfdom and compulsory labor prevalent in feudal Poland and traces the emergence of modern capitalist conditions, including wage labor and independent property rights. Also analyzed is the role of foreign goverments in the emacipation process. The freeing of the serfs took place during a period when all or most of the country was under the rule of Russia, Prussia, or Austria. Although emancipation was due primarily to economic forces withing Poland, it was hastened by peasant resistance and the national struggle for political independence led by Polish patriots who demanded far-reaching social reforms. This comprehensive study provides valuable information not only to those with a particular interest in Poland but also to scholars concerned with the parallel problems in Russia andother Eastern Eurpean countries, to specialists in agrarian history, and to students of Eastern European history who lack adequate reading materials in English.

Events that Changed the World in the Nineteenth Century

Author: Frank W. Thackeray,John E. Findling

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780313290763

Category: History

Page: 217

View: 6322

Looks at ten important events in the nineteenth century and gives a history, interpretation, and bibliography for each

Alexander II and the Modernization of Russia

Author: Werner Eugen Mosse

Publisher: Tauris Academic Studies

ISBN: 9781850435129

Category: Russia

Page: 191

View: 5423

This work tells the story of the reforming Tsar who modernized Russia after her defeat in the Crimean War. Few spheres of Russian life were untouched by his reforms. In the face of bitter opposition, he liberated millions of serfs and secured their endowment with land. He reformed the Russian courts, created institutions of local self-government, and promoted railway construction and economic development. Both as a westernizer and as the father of its Industrial Revolution, Alexander II ranks high among the makers of modern Russia.

Alexander II

The Last Great Tsar

Author: Edvard Radzinsky,Antonina Bouis

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 0743284267

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 480

View: 470

Profiles the Romanov Dynasty tsar as one of Russia's most forward-thinking rulers, documenting his efforts to redefine history by bringing freedom to his country, the use of terrorist bombings by the radicals that lived during his regime, and the series of assassination attempts that eventually ended his life. By the author of The Last Tsar. Reprint. 35,000 first printing.

Eastern Europe

An Introduction to the People, Lands, and Culture

Author: Richard C. Frucht

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1576078000

Category: Balkan Peninsula

Page: 928

View: 6633

A contemporary analysis of the people, cultures, and society within the regions that make up Eastern Europe. * Discusses the geography, history, political development, and economy of nations such as Poland, Lithuania, Slovakia, Hungary, Serbia, Albania, and many others * Includes historical profiles of significant people such as Konstantin P�ts and Lydia Koidula, cultural events such as the Song Festival, and key events such as the sinking of the ferry Estonia * Presents maps of the entire region and each of the 16 countries, including Latvia, Slovenia, Bulgaria, and Greece * Includes discussions of Eastern European languages

Dead Souls

Author: Nikolai Vasilievich Gogol

Publisher: D.J. Hogarth

ISBN: 1632090651

Category: Fiction

Page: N.A

View: 7801

Trajectory presents classics of world literature with 21st century features! Our original-text editions include the following visual enhancements to foster a deeper understanding of the work: Word Clouds at the start of each chapter highlight important words. Word, sentence, paragraph counts, and reading time help readers and teachers determine chapter complexity. Co-occurrence graphs depict character-to-character interactions as well character to place interactions. Sentiment indexes identify positive and negative trends in mood within each chapter. Frequency graphs help display the impact this book has had on popular culture since its original date of publication. Use Trajectory analytics to deepen comprehension, to provide a focus for discussions and writing assignments, and to engage new readers with some of the greatest stories ever told. Dead Souls is a novel by Nikolai Gogol, first published in 1842, and widely regarded as an exemplar of 19th-century Russian literature. The purpose of the novel was to demonstrate the flaws and faults of the Russian mentality and character. Gogol masterfully portrayed those defects through Chichikov and the people who he encounters in his endeavours. These people are typical of the Russian middle-class of the time. Gogol himself saw it as an "epic poem in prose", and within the book as a "novel in verse". Despite supposedly completing the trilogy's second part, Gogol destroyed it shortly before his death. Although the novel ends in mid-sentence, it is usually regarded as complete in the extant form.

A Life Under Russian Serfdom

The Memoirs of Savva Dmitrievich Purlevskii, 1800-1868

Author: Savva Dmitrievich Purlevskii

Publisher: Central European University Press

ISBN: 9789637326158

Category: History

Page: 119

View: 3899

"Gorshkov's introduction provides some basic knowledge about Russian serfdom and draws upon the most recent scholarship. Notes provide references and general information about events, places and people mentioned in the memoirs."--Jacket.

Without Consent Or Contract

The Rise and Fall of American Slavery

Author: Robert William Fogel

Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company

ISBN: 9780393312195

Category: History

Page: 539

View: 2019

"[Fogel's] exceedingly careful testing of all possible sources and his pioneering methodological approach have allowed [him] both to increase our knowledge of an institutions operation and disintegration and to renew our methods of research." --from the citation to Robert William Fogel for the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences Over the past quarter-century, Robert William Fogel has blazed new trails in scholarship on the lives of the slaves in the American South. Now he presents the dramatic rise and fall of the "peculiar institution," as the abolitionist movement rose into a powerful political force that pulled down a seemingly impregnable system.

Time on the Cross

The Economics of American Negro Slavery

Author: Robert William Fogel,Stanley L. Engerman

Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company

ISBN: 9780393312188

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 306

View: 5887

Employs quantitative analyses to correct long-standing historical beliefs concerning the inefficiency of the slave system, the dispersion of Black families, and the material poverty of slaves

Peasant Dreams and Market Politics

Labor Migration and the Russian Village, 1861–1905

Author: Jeffrey Burds

Publisher: University of Pittsburgh Pre

ISBN: 0822974991

Category: History

Page: 328

View: 2419

The Institutional Framework of Russian Serfdom

Author: Tracy Dennison

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139496077

Category: History

Page: N.A

View: 5820

Russian rural history has long been based on a 'Peasant Myth', originating with nineteenth-century Romantics and still accepted by many historians today. In this book, Tracy Dennison shows how Russian society looked from below, and finds nothing like the collective, redistributive and market-averse behaviour often attributed to Russian peasants. On the contrary, the Russian rural population was as integrated into regional and even national markets as many of its west European counterparts. Serfdom was a loose garment that enabled different landlords to shape economic institutions, especially property rights, in widely diverse ways. Highly coercive and backward regimes on some landlords' estates existed side-by-side with surprisingly liberal approximations to a rule of law. This book paints a vivid and colourful picture of the everyday reality of rural Russia before the 1861 abolition of serfdom.

The Great Reforms

Autocracy, Bureaucracy, and the Politics of Change in Imperial Russia

Author: W. Bruce Lincoln

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780875805498

Category: History

Page: 281

View: 2011

The Great Reforms of the 1860s marked the broadest attempt at social and economic renovation to occur in Russia between the death of Peter the Great in 1725 and the Revolution of 1905. In just more than a decade, imperial reform acts freed Russia's serfs, restructured her courts, established institutions of local self-government in parts of the empire, altered the constraints that censorship imposed on the press, and transformed Russia's vast serf armed forces into a citizen army in which men from all classes bore equal responsibility for military service. This invaluable study explains why the legislation assumed the shape that it did and estimates what the Great Reforms ultimately accomplished. The Great Reforms offered readers a vital starting point from which to evaluate the prospects for glasnost', perestroika, and reform in the Gorbachev era.