The Emancipation of the Serfs in Russia

Peace Arbitrators and the Development of Civil Society

Author: Roxanne Easley

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134001932

Category: History

Page: 240

View: 6235

In the wake of the disastrous Crimean War, the Russian autocracy completely renovated its most basic social, political and economic systems by emancipating some 23 million privately-owned serfs. This had enormous consequences for all aspects of Russian life, and profound effects on the course of Russian history. This book examines the emancipation of the serfs, focusing on the mechanisms used to enact the reforms and the implications for Russian politics and society in the long term. Because the autocracy lacked the necessary resources for the reform, it created new institutions with real powers and autonomy, particularly the mirovoi posrednik, or 'peace arbitrator'. The results of this strategy differed in practice from the authorities’ original intentions. The new institutions invigorated Russian political life, introduced norms that challenged centuries-old customs and traditions, and fostered a nascent civil society, allowing Russia to follow the basic trajectory of Western European socio-political development.

Die arme Lisa

russisch/deutsch

Author: Nikolaj M. Karamzin

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783150078617

Category:

Page: 76

View: 6083

Emancipation of the Polish Peasantry

Author: Stefan Kieniewicz

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226435261

Category: History

Page: 306

View: 6008

Captured in this study are the complexity and fascination of one hundred and fifty years of Polish political, cultural, and socioeconmic history. The author traces the course of peasant emancipation in Poland from its beginnings during the Enlightenment to its aftermath in the cultural awakening of the peasantry during the half century prior to World War I and shows how the peasant question played a vital role in the struggle for independence in partitioned Poland. The book synthesizes, for the first time in any language, the work of leading Polish historians during the present century. It presents a clear analysis of the disintegration of the economic system based on serfdom and compulsory labor prevalent in feudal Poland and traces the emergence of modern capitalist conditions, including wage labor and independent property rights. Also analyzed is the role of foreign goverments in the emacipation process. The freeing of the serfs took place during a period when all or most of the country was under the rule of Russia, Prussia, or Austria. Although emancipation was due primarily to economic forces withing Poland, it was hastened by peasant resistance and the national struggle for political independence led by Polish patriots who demanded far-reaching social reforms. This comprehensive study provides valuable information not only to those with a particular interest in Poland but also to scholars concerned with the parallel problems in Russia andother Eastern Eurpean countries, to specialists in agrarian history, and to students of Eastern European history who lack adequate reading materials in English.

Der Kirschgarten

Dramen

Author: Anton P. Čechov,Vera Bischitzky

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783423138352

Category:

Page: 565

View: 1144

Manifest der Kommunistischen Partei (illustriert)

Author: Karl Marx,Friedrich Engels

Publisher: Clap Publishing, LLC.

ISBN: 163537698X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 47

View: 8890

Das Manifest der Kommunistischen Partei, auch Das Kommunistische Manifest genannt, ist ein programmatischer text, in dem Karl Marx und Friedrich Engels große Teile der später als „Marxismus“ bezeichneten Weltanschauung entwickelten.Das Manifest entstand im Auftrag des Bundes der Kommunisten, der darin seine Anschauungen darlegen wollte. Es beginnt mit dem heute geflügelten Wort: „Ein Gespenst geht um in Europa – das Gespenst des Kommunismus“ und endet mit dem bekannten Aufruf: „Proletarier aller Länder, vereinigt euch!

Das neue Russland

Der Umbruch und das System Putin

Author: Michail Gorbatschow

Publisher: BASTEI LÜBBE

ISBN: 3732513777

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 560

View: 9177

Nach Jahren der Annäherung ist das Verhältnis zwischen Deutschland und Russland so angespannt wie seit mehr als 25 Jahren nicht mehr. Was Putin antreibt, warum er die Konfrontation mit dem Westen sucht und den Rückfall in den Kalten Krieg in Kauf nimmt, ist vielen ein Rätsel. Nicht Michail Gorbatschow. Mit einzigartiger Kennerschaft beschreibt er die Entstehung des "Systems Putin" und die Absichten dieses Mannes. Unverblümt rechnet er mit Putin ab. Dieser zerstöre um seiner eigenen Macht willen die Errungenschaften der Perestroika in Russland und errichte ein System ohne Zukunft. Deshalb fordert Gorbatschow ein neues politisches System für Russland, und er mahnt den Westen, nicht mit dem Feuer zu spielen. Ein wichtiges, ein notwendiges Buch, das neue Blickwinkel eröffnet - und das politische Vermächtnis des großen Mannes, der die deutsche Einheit mitermöglichte.

The Institutional Framework of Russian Serfdom

Author: Tracy Dennison

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139496077

Category: History

Page: N.A

View: 935

Russian rural history has long been based on a 'Peasant Myth', originating with nineteenth-century Romantics and still accepted by many historians today. In this book, Tracy Dennison shows how Russian society looked from below, and finds nothing like the collective, redistributive and market-averse behaviour often attributed to Russian peasants. On the contrary, the Russian rural population was as integrated into regional and even national markets as many of its west European counterparts. Serfdom was a loose garment that enabled different landlords to shape economic institutions, especially property rights, in widely diverse ways. Highly coercive and backward regimes on some landlords' estates existed side-by-side with surprisingly liberal approximations to a rule of law. This book paints a vivid and colourful picture of the everyday reality of rural Russia before the 1861 abolition of serfdom.

Die Verdammten dieser Erde

Author: Frantz Fanon,Jean-Paul Sartre

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783518371688

Category: Afrika - Entkolonialisierung

Page: 266

View: 4629

The Origins of the Russian Revolution, 1861–1917

Author: Alan Wood

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134397984

Category: History

Page: 120

View: 7512

Alan Wood provides a concise introduction to the Russian Revolution and its origins dating back to the emancipation of the Russian peasant serfs in 1861. The third edition of this successful pamphlet brings the historiography up to date to include the multitude of research in the last ten years that followed the collapse of the Soviet Union and the opening up of the archives.

Geschichte der Russischen Revolution

Februarrevolution und Oktoberrevolution

Author: Leo Trotzki

Publisher: MEHRING Verlag GmbH

ISBN: 3886347877

Category: History

Page: 1097

View: 6423

80 Jahre nach dem Erscheinen von Trotzkis Buch über die Februarrevolution und 30 Jahre nach dem Erscheinen der letzten vollständigen Ausgabe der 'Geschichte der Russischen Revolution' ist mit dieser Neuausgabe eines der bedeutendsten historischen Werke des 20. Jahrhunderts jetzt dem Lesepublikum wieder zugänglich. Auch 20 Jahre nach dem Zusammenbruch der Sowjetunion sind trotz zahlreicher historischer Detailstudien weder der Charakter der Oktoberrevolution noch die Degeneration und das Scheitern des aus ihr hervorgegangenen Arbeiterstaates einer breiteren Öffentlichkeit klar, obwohl die Existenz der Sowjetunion die gesamte Geschichte des 20. Jahrhunderts in einem hohen Ausmaß geprägt hat. Nur die Schriften Trotzkis – das gilt vor allem für die beiden Bände zur 'Geschichte der Russischen Revolution', die 'Permanente Revolution' und die 'Verratene Revolution'– ermöglichen ein grundlegendes Verständnis des Aufstiegs, der Degeneration und des Zusammenbruchs der Sowjetunion und damit der Weltlage des gesamten vorigen Jahrhunderts. Aber Trotzkis Geschichte der Russischen Revolution ist nicht nur ein geniales Werk der marxistischen Geschichtsschreibung, sondern gleichzeitig ein Stück Weltliteratur, das so manches fiktive Werk in den Schatten stellt. Der Autor beschreibt vom heutigen Standpunkt aus lange zurückliegende Ereignisse und Personen, aber seine Beschreibungen sind ungeheuer spannend und kurzweilig. In vielen Artikeln, Büchern oder Briefen finden sich Würdigungen von Trotzki als Schriftsteller. Das Werk liegt in der hervorragenden Übersetzung von Alexandra Ramm-Pfemfert vor.

The First Epoch

The Eighteenth Century and the Russian Cultural Imagination

Author: Luba Golburt

Publisher: University of Wisconsin Pres

ISBN: 0299298140

Category: History

Page: 387

View: 4314

In the shadow of Pushkin's Golden Age, Russia's eighteenth-century culture was relegated to an obscurity hardly befitting its actually radical legacy. Why did nineteenth-century Russians put the eighteenth century so quickly behind them? How does a meaningful present become a seemingly meaningless past? Interpreting texts by Lomonosov, Derzhavin, Pushkin, Viazemsky, Turgenev, Tolstoy, and others, Luba Golburt finds surprising answers.

Major Problems in the History of Imperial Russia

Author: James Cracraft

Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing Company

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 661

View: 6266

Focusing on internal developments in Imperial Russia, this book provides even-handed coverage of the period, with thorough attention to the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. Political history is balanced with a clear vision of social and economic change.

Reform in Modern Russian History

Progress Or Cycle?

Author: Theodore Taranovski,Peggy McInerny,Lee H. Hamilton

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521451772

Category: History

Page: 436

View: 9537

An historical introduction to the prospects for reform in Russian state and society.

Karamzin's Memoir on Ancient and Modern Russia

A Translation and Analysis

Author: Nikolaĭ Mikhaĭlovich Karamzin,Richard Pipes

Publisher: University of Michigan Press

ISBN: 9780472030507

Category: History

Page: 266

View: 9570

Russian history was typically studied through liberal or socialist lenses until Richard Pipes first published his translation of Karamzin's Memoir. Almost fifty years later, it is still the only English-language edition of this classic work. Still fresh and readable today, the Memoir-in which Alexander I's state historian elaborates his arguments for a strong Russian state-remains the most accessible introduction to the conservatism of Russia's ancien regime. This annotated translation is a "faithful rendition of the letter and spirit of the original," which not only introduces readers to the sweep of Karamzin's ideas, but also weaves together a fascinating version of Russia's rich history. With a new foreword by Richard Pipes, Karamzin's Memoir on Ancient and Modern Russia is a touchstone for anyone interested in Russia's fascinating and turbulent past. Richard Pipes is Baird Professor of History at Harvard University. Nikolai M. Karamzin (1766-1826) was a Russian historian, poet, and journalist. He was appointed court historian by Tsar Alexander I.

Tolstoy

A Russian Life

Author: Rosamund Bartlett

Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt

ISBN: 0151014388

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 544

View: 5712

Draws on key Russian sources and extensive new materials to trace the influential 19th-century literary master's life and legacy, providing coverage of such topics as his early life, his troubled relationship with his wife and his evocative portrayals of beloved Russian landscapes.