Engineering Graphics

Theoretical Foundations of Engineering Geometry for Design

Author: Aleksandr Yurievich Brailov

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319297198

Category: Mathematics

Page: 338

View: 2055

This professional treatise on engineering graphics emphasizes engineering geometry as the theoretical foundation for communication of design ideas with real world structures and products. It considers each theoretical notion of engineering geometry as a complex solution of direct- and inverse-problems of descriptive geometry and each solution of basic engineering problems presented is accompanied by construction of biunique two- and three-dimension models of geometrical images. The book explains the universal structure of formal algorithms of the solutions of positional, metric, and axonometric problems, as well as the solutions of problems of construction in developing a curvilinear surface. The book further characterizes and explains the added laws of projective connections to facilitate construction of geometrical images in any of eight octants. Laws of projective connections allow constructing the complex drawing of a geometrical image in the American system of measurement and the European system of measurement without errors and mistakes. The arrangement of projections of a geometrical image on the complex drawing corresponds to an arrangement of views of a product in the projective drawing for the European system of measurement. The volume is ideal for engineers working on a range of design projects as well as for students of civil, structural, and industrial engineering and engineering design.

Advances in Computer Assisted Learning

Selected Proceedings from the CAL 85 Symposium

Author: P. R. Smith

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483159450

Category: Education

Page: 264

View: 6554

Advances in Computer Assisted Learning contains selected proceedings from the CAL Symposium on Computer Assisted Learning held at the University of Nottingham in the UK in 1985. This book reviews advances in computer-assisted learning in the areas of curriculum development, visually handicapped and disabled students, project work in schools, television, viewdata and video applications, database applications, and engineering education and training. This monograph has 35 chapters and opens with a discussion on the computing aspects of interactive video, focusing on the design and production of the software used to control the videodisc developed by the Open University in the UK. The next chapter illustrates a variety of case studies whereby local viewdata has been exploited by both teachers and their pupils in different parts of Europe. Attention then turns to the use of computer-assisted communication in the education of the visually impaired; the use of microcomputers in teaching electronics; and theoretical considerations in selecting software for language arts. This text will be of interest to educators and policymakers who want to implement computer technology in the classroom.

Picturing Machines 1400-1700

Author: Jed Z. Buchwald

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262122696

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 347

View: 7973

How technical drawings shaped early engineering practice. Technical drawings by the architects and engineers of the Renaissance made use of a range of new methods of graphic representation. These drawings--among them Leonardo da Vinci's famous drawings of mechanical devices--have long been studied for their aesthetic qualities and technological ingenuity, but their significance for the architects and engineers themselves is seldom considered. The essays in Picturing Machines 1400-1700 take this alternate perspective and look at how drawing shaped the practice of early modern engineering. They do so through detailed investigations of specific images, looking at over 100 that range from sketches to perspective views to thoroughly constructed projections. In early modern engineering practice, drawings were not merely visualizations of ideas but acted as models that shaped ideas. Picturing Machines establishes basic categories for the origins, purposes, functions, and contexts of early modern engineering illustrations, then treats a series of topics that not only focus on the way drawings became an indispensable means of engineering but also reflect the main stages in their historical development. The authors examine the social interaction conveyed by early machine images and their function as communication between practitioners; the knowledge either conveyed or presupposed by technical drawings, as seen in those of Giorgio Martini and Leonardo; drawings that required familiarity with geometry or geometric optics, including the development of architectural plans; and technical illustrations that bridged the gap between practical and theoretical mechanics.

Handbook of Computer Aided Geometric Design

Author: G. Farin,J. Hoschek,M.-S. Kim

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 008053340X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 848

View: 1136

This book provides a comprehensive coverage of the fields Geometric Modeling, Computer-Aided Design, and Scientific Visualization, or Computer-Aided Geometric Design. Leading international experts have contributed, thus creating a one-of-a-kind collection of authoritative articles. There are chapters outlining basic theory in tutorial style, as well as application-oriented articles. Aspects which are covered include: Historical outline Curve and surface methods Scientific Visualization Implicit methods Reverse engineering. This book is meant to be a reference text for researchers in the field as well as an introduction to graduate students wishing to get some exposure to this subject.

Theoretical foundations of computer graphics and CAD

Author: J. E. Bresenham,Rae A. Earnshaw,British Computer Society. Technical Committee on Computers in Graphics, Design, and Manufacture

Publisher: Springer Verlag

ISBN: 9783540195061

Category: Computer graphics

Page: 1241

View: 9791

Encyclopedia of Computer Science and Technology

Volume 38 - Supplement 23: Algorithms for Designing Multimedia Storage Servers to Models and Architectures

Author: Allen Kent,James G. Williams

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780824722913

Category: Computers

Page: 416

View: 6872

Algorithms for Designing Multimedia Storage Servers to Models and Architectures

Handbook of Grid Generation

Author: Joe F. Thompson,Bharat K. Soni,Nigel P. Weatherill

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420050349

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1136

View: 1804

Handbook of Grid Generation addresses the use of grids (meshes) in the numerical solutions of partial differential equations by finite elements, finite volume, finite differences, and boundary elements. Four parts divide the chapters: structured grids, unstructured girds, surface definition, and adaption/quality. An introduction to each section provides a roadmap through the material. This handbook covers: Fundamental concepts and approaches Grid generation process Essential mathematical elements from tensor analysis and differential geometry, particularly relevant to curves and surfaces Cells of any shape - Cartesian, structured curvilinear coordinates, unstructured tetrahedra, unstructured hexahedra, or various combinations Separate grids overlaid on one another, communicating data through interpolation Moving boundaries and internal interfaces in the field Resolving gradients and controlling solution error Grid generation codes, both commercial and freeware, as well as representative and illustrative grid configurations Handbook of Grid Generation contains 37 chapters as well as contributions from more than 100 experts from around the world, comprehensively evaluating this expanding field and providing a fundamental orientation for practitioners.

Fundamentals of engineering drawing

with an introduction to interactive computer graphics for design and production

Author: Warren Jacob Luzadder

Publisher: Prentice Hall

ISBN: N.A

Category: Computers

Page: 642

View: 6271

This new edition highlihgts the intergration of computer graphics with conventional drawing. For mechanical and civil engineers, and all those interested in the fundamentals of engineering drawing.

Fundamentals of Natural Computing

Basic Concepts, Algorithms, and Applications

Author: Leandro Nunes de Castro

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420011448

Category: Science

Page: 696

View: 7816

Natural computing brings together nature and computing to develop new computational tools for problem solving; to synthesize natural patterns and behaviors in computers; and to potentially design novel types of computers. Fundamentals of Natural Computing: Basic Concepts, Algorithms, and Applications presents a wide-ranging survey of novel techniques and important applications of nature-based computing. This book presents theoretical and philosophical discussions, pseudocodes for algorithms, and computing paradigms that illustrate how computational techniques can be used to solve complex problems, simulate nature, explain natural phenomena, and possibly allow the development of new computing technologies. The author features a consistent and approachable, textbook-style format that includes lucid figures, tables, real-world examples, and different types of exercises that complement the concepts while encouraging readers to apply the computational tools in each chapter. Building progressively upon core concepts of nature-inspired techniques, the topics include evolutionary computing, neurocomputing, swarm intelligence, immunocomputing, fractal geometry, artificial life, quantum computing, and DNA computing. Fundamentals of Natural Computing is a self-contained introduction and a practical guide to nature-based computational approaches that will find numerous applications in a variety of growing fields including engineering, computer science, biological modeling, and bioinformatics.

Handbook of Jig and Fixture Design, 2nd Edition

Author: William E. Boyes

Publisher: Society of Manufacturing Engineers

ISBN: 0872633659

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1192

View: 3966

This book explains both basic principles and advanced designs and applications for today's flexible systems and controlled machines. Chapters include: Predesign Analysis and Fixture Design Procedures Tooling for Numerical Control Geometric Dimensioning and Tolerancing Tooling for Drilling and Reaming Grinding Fixtures Tooling for Flexible Manufacturing Systems and more!

Handbook of Optical Design, Third Edition

Author: Daniel Malacara-Hernández,Zacarías Malacara-Hernández

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439868018

Category: Science

Page: 585

View: 7899

Handbook of Optical Design, Third Edition covers the fundamental principles of geometric optics and their application to lens design in one volume. It incorporates classic aspects of lens design along with important modern methods, tools, and instruments, including contemporary astronomical telescopes, Gaussian beams, and computer lens design. Written by respected researchers, the book has been extensively classroom-tested and developed in their lens design courses. This well-illustrated handbook clearly and concisely explains the intricacies of optical system design and evaluation. It also discusses component selection, optimization, and integration for the development of effective optical apparatus. The authors analyze the performance of a wide range of optical materials, components, and systems, from simple magnifiers to complex lenses used in photography, ophthalmology, telescopes, microscopes, and projection systems. Throughout, the book includes a wealth of design examples, illustrations, and equations, most of which are derived from basic principles. Appendices supply additional background information. What’s New in This Edition Improved figures, including 32 now in color Updates throughout, reflecting advances in the field New material on Buchdahl high-order aberrations Expanded and improved coverage of the calculation of wavefront aberrations based on optical path An updated list of optical materials in the appendix A clearer, more detailed description of primary aberrations References to important new publications Optical system design examples updated to include newly available glasses 25 new design examples This comprehensive book combines basic theory and practical details for the design of optical systems. It is an invaluable reference for optical students as well as scientists and engineers working with optical instrumentation.

Distinguished Figures in Descriptive Geometry and Its Applications for Mechanism Science

From the Middle Ages to the 17th Century

Author: Michela Cigola

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319201972

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 248

View: 6492

This book consists of chapters that focus specifically on single figures that worked on Descriptive Geometry and also in Mechanisms Sciences and contain biographical notes, a survey of their work and their achievements, together with a modern interpretation of their legacy. Since Vitruvius in ancient times, and with Brunelleschi in the Renaissance, the two disciplines began to share a common direction which, over the centuries, took shape through less well-known figures until the more recent times in which Gaspard Monge worked. Over the years, a gap has been created between Descriptive Geometry and Mechanism Science, which now appear to belong to different worlds. In reality, however, there is a very close relationship between the two disciplines, with a link based on extremely solid foundations. Without the theoretical foundations of Geometry it would not be possible to draw and design mechanical parts such as gears, while in Kinematics it would be less easy to design and predict the reciprocal movements of parts in a complex mechanical assembly.

Process Grammar: The Basis of Morphology

Author: Michael Leyton

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461418151

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 546

View: 4714

Leyton's Process Grammar has been applied by scientists and engineers in many disciplines including medical diagnosis, geology, computer-aided design, meteorology, biological anatomy, neuroscience, chemical engineering, etc. This book demonstrates the following: The Process Grammar invents several entirely new concepts in biological morphology and manufacturing design, and shows that these concepts are fundamentally important. The Process Grammar has process-inference rules that give, to morphological transitions, powerful new causal explanations. Remarkably, the book gives a profound unification of biological morphology and vehicle design. The book invents over 30 new CAD operations that realize fundamentally important functions of a product. A crucial fact is that the Process Grammar is an example of the laws in Leyton's Generative Theory of Shape which give the ability to recover the design intents for which the shape features of a CAD model were created. The book demonstrates that the Process Grammar recovers important design intents in biological morphology and manufacturing design. In large-scale manufacturing systems, the recovery of design intents is important for solving the interoperability problem and product lifecycle management. This book is one of a series of books in Springer that elaborates Leyton's Generative Theory of Shape.

Theory of Dimensioning

An Introduction to Parameterizing Geometric Models

Author: Vijay Srinivasan

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0824756991

Category: Mathematics

Page: 289

View: 4426

Presents a theory of dimensioning synthesized from several areas of geometry, starting from the works of Euclid and culminating in some recent results in classification of continuous symmetry groups. Features numerous examples and illustrations for better understanding of concepts.

Geometric Methods and Applications

For Computer Science and Engineering

Author: Jean Gallier

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781441999610

Category: Mathematics

Page: 680

View: 3743

This book is an introduction to the fundamental concepts and tools needed for solving problems of a geometric nature using a computer. It attempts to fill the gap between standard geometry books, which are primarily theoretical, and applied books on computer graphics, computer vision, robotics, or machine learning. This book covers the following topics: affine geometry, projective geometry, Euclidean geometry, convex sets, SVD and principal component analysis, manifolds and Lie groups, quadratic optimization, basics of differential geometry, and a glimpse of computational geometry (Voronoi diagrams and Delaunay triangulations). Some practical applications of the concepts presented in this book include computer vision, more specifically contour grouping, motion interpolation, and robot kinematics. In this extensively updated second edition, more material on convex sets, Farkas’s lemma, quadratic optimization and the Schur complement have been added. The chapter on SVD has been greatly expanded and now includes a presentation of PCA. The book is well illustrated and has chapter summaries and a large number of exercises throughout. It will be of interest to a wide audience including computer scientists, mathematicians, and engineers. Reviews of first edition: "Gallier's book will be a useful source for anyone interested in applications of geometrical methods to solve problems that arise in various branches of engineering. It may help to develop the sophisticated concepts from the more advanced parts of geometry into useful tools for applications." (Mathematical Reviews, 2001) "...it will be useful as a reference book for postgraduates wishing to find the connection between their current problem and the underlying geometry." (The Australian Mathematical Society, 2001)