Epistemic Injustice

Power and the Ethics of Knowing

Author: Miranda Fricker

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198237901

Category: Philosophy

Page: 188

View: 7108

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Wahrheit und Wahrhaftigkeit

Author: Bernard Arthur Owen Williams

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783518296509

Category:

Page: 429

View: 8706

Was bedeutet es, wahrhaftig zu sein? Welche Rolle spielt Wahrheit in unserem Leben? Bernard Williams erkundet den geschichtsträchtigen und zentralen Begriff der Wahrheit und zeigt, dass wir einerseits mehr, andererseits weniger von ihm erhoffen können, als wir uns vorstellen. Dabei blendet er philosophische, historische und fiktionale Zugänge übereinander, um zu erzählen, wie die Meinungen der Menschen über das Problem der Wahrheit entstanden sein könnten. So scheint am Horizont auf, was wir verlieren, wenn wir den Sinn für den Wert von Wahrheit verlieren: womöglich alles! Ein Meisterwerk.

Kultur, Spätzündung der Evolution?

Antworten auf Fragen an die Evolutions- und Erkenntnistheorie

Author: Rupert Riedl

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Connaissance, Théorie de la

Page: 355

View: 2281

Reading Ethics

Author: Miranda Fricker,Samuel Guttenplan

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: N.A

Category: Philosophy

Page: 331

View: 2539

This introductory text encourages students to engage with key problems and arguments in ethics through a series of classic and contemporary readings. It will inspire students to think about the distinctive nature of moral philosophy, and to draw comparisons between different traditions of thought, between ancient and modern philosophies, and between theoretical and literary writing about the place of value in human life. Each of the book’s six chapters focuses on a particular theme: the nature of goodness, subjectivity and objectivity in ethical thinking, justice and virtue, moral motivation, the place of moral obligation, and the idea that literature can be a form of moral philosophy. The historical readings come from Plato, Aristotle, Hume, Kant and Mill; and the contemporary readings from Foot, Rawls, McDowell, Mackie, Nagel, Williams, Nussbaum and Gaita. The editors’ introductions to the themes, and the interactive commentaries they provide for each reading, are intended to make Reading Ethics come as close as possible to a seminar in philosophy.

The Epistemic Life of Groups

Essays in the Epistemology of Collectives

Author: Michael S. Brady,Miranda Fricker

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198759649

Category:

Page: 272

View: 6619

Social epistemology has been flourishing in recent years, expanding and making connections with political philosophy, virtue epistemology, philosophy of science, and feminist philosophy. The philosophy of the social world too is flourishing, with burgeoning work in the metaphysics of the social world, collective responsibility, group action, and group belief. The new philosophical vista now more clearly presenting itself is collective epistemology--the epistemology of groups and institutions. Groups engage in epistemic activity all the time--whether it be the active collective inquiry of scientific research groups or crime detection units, or the evidential deliberations of tribunals and juries, or the informational efforts of the voting population in general--and yet in philosophy there is still relatively little epistemology of groups to help explore these epistemic practices and their various dimensions of social and philosophical significance. The aim of this book is to address this lack, by presenting original essays in the field of collective epistemology, exploring these regions of epistemic practice and their significance for Epistemology, Political Philosophy, Ethics, and the Philosophy of Science.

Encyclopedia of Educational Theory and Philosophy

Author: D. C. Phillips

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483364755

Category: Education

Page: 952

View: 1299

Education is a field sometimes beset by theories-of-the-day and with easy panaceas that overpromise the degree to which they can alleviate pressing educational problems. The two-volume Encyclopedia of Educational Theory and Philosophy introduces readers to theories that have stood the test of time and those that have provided the historical foundation for the best of contemporary educational theory and practice. Drawing together a team of international scholars, this invaluable reference examines the global landscape of all the key theories and the theorists behind them and presents them in the context needed to understand their strengths and weaknesses. In addition to interpretations of long-established theories, this work offers essays on cutting-edge research and concise, to-the-point definitions of key concepts, ideas, schools, and figures. Features: Over 300 signed entries by trusted experts in the field are organized into two volumes and overseen by a distinguished General Editor and an international Editorial Board. Entries are followed by cross references and further reading suggestions. A Chronology of Theory within the field of education highlights developments over the centuries; a Reader’s Guide groups entries thematically, and a master Bibliography facilitates further study. The Reader’s Guide, detailed index, and cross references combine for strong search-and-browse capabilities in the electronic version. Available in a choice of print or electronic formats, Encyclopedia of Educational Theory and Philosophy is an ideal reference for anyone interested in the roots of contemporary educational theory.

Philosophie und die Potenziale der Gender Studies

Peripherie und Zentrum im Feld der Theorie

Author: Hilge Landweer,Catherine Newmark,Christine Kley,Simone Miller

Publisher: transcript Verlag

ISBN: 3839421527

Category: Social Science

Page: 346

View: 5941

Der Band möchte der Debatte um feministische Theorie neue Impulse geben, vor allem in der Philosophie. »Geschlecht« wird hier zwar ähnlich wie in den Naturwissenschaften noch immer weitgehend ausgeschlossen oder marginalisiert. Stellt man diesen Begriff aber ins Zentrum des Denkens, kann er neue Perspektiven auf grundlegende philosophische Probleme öffnen: auf Vernunft, Macht, Handeln, Gerechtigkeit, Demokratie. Die Texte zur politischen Theorie, Ethik, Anthropologie und Metaphilosophie, die der Band vereint, wollen in diesem Sinne das kritische Potenzial der Gender Studies für die Philosophie nutzen.

Essays in Collective Epistemology

Author: Jennifer Lackey

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191030171

Category: Philosophy

Page: 240

View: 7098

We often talk about groups believing, knowing, and testifying. For instance, we ask whether the Bush Administration had good reasons for believing that Saddam Hussein had weapons of mass destruction, or whether BP knew that its equipment was faulty before the oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico. Epistemic claims of this sort often have enormously significant consequences, given the ways they bear on the moral and legal responsibilities of collective entities. Despite the importance of these epistemic claims, there has been surprisingly little philosophical work shedding light on these phenomena, their consequences, and the broader implications that follow for epistemology in general. Essays in Collective Epistemology aims to fill this gap in the literature by bringing together new papers in this area by some of the leading figures in social epistemology. The volume is divided into four parts and contains ten articles written on a range of topics in collective epistemology. All of the papers focus on fundamental issues framing the epistemological literature on groups, and offer new insights or developments to the current debates: some do so by providing novel examinations of the epistemological relationship that groups bear to their members, while others point to new, cutting edge approaches to theorizing about concepts and issues related to collective entities. Anyone working in epistemology, or concerned with issues involving the social dimensions of knowledge, should find the papers in this book both interesting and valuable.

What Should I Do?

Philosophers on the Good, the Bad, and the Puzzling

Author: Elisa Mai

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191501484

Category: Philosophy

Page: 224

View: 6283

Is it ever OK to be dishonest? Is it wrong to enjoy violent video games, or to cheat on one's tax returns? Should we be vegetarians? When is war justified? Are there any moral facts, or is morality relative? Life throws ethical questions at us every day. Some are momentous and difficult, while others are relatively trivial and easily worked out; still others lodge themselves in our heads and bother us for years. We regularly encounter controversial issues (such as prostitution, abortion, or racial profiling), tricky conundrums (Would I be wrong to take advantage of my teacher's forgetfulness? When should I allow my teenage daughter to have a boyfriend? Are we responsible for our emotions?), and classic problems (What is the relation between religion and morality? Is suicide wrong? Why should we be moral?) Philosophers have engaged with these questions for as long as there have been philosophers, but most people have had no exposure to the wide variety of arguments and positions that they have offered. The website AskPhilosophers.org has sought to fill this void, bringing together a panel of distinguished philosophers who use their knowledge of the history of philosophy, as well as their own skills and ingenuity, to respond to questions sent in from all over the world. What Should I Do? is a collection of some of the most interesting questions about ethics to have appeared on the website during its first five years. It is a delightfully fresh book that will encourage readers to think a bit more deeply about the moral questions they frequently encounter, and will provide them with the tools to do so.

The SAGE Handbook of Feminist Theory

Author: Mary Evans,Clare Hemmings,Marsha Henry,Hazel Johnstone,Sumi Madhok,Ania Plomien,Sadie Wearing

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1473907330

Category: Social Science

Page: 680

View: 4192

At no point in recorded history has there been an absence of intense, and heated, discussion about the subject of how to conduct relations between women and men. This Handbook provides a comprehensive guide to these omnipresent issues and debates, mapping the present and future of thinking about feminist theory. The chapters gathered here present the state of the art in scholarship in the field, covering: Epistemology and marginality Literary, visual and cultural representations Sexuality Macro and microeconomics of gender Conflict and peace. The most important consensus in this volume is that a central organizing tenet of feminism is its willingness to examine the ways in which gender and relations between women and men have been (and are) organized. The authors bring a shared commitment to the critical appraisal of gender relations, as well as a recognition that to think ‘theoretically’ is not to detach concerns from lived experience but to extend the possibilities of understanding. With this focus on theory and theorizing about the world in which we live, this Handbook asks us, across all disciplines and situations, to abandon our taken-for-granted assumptions about the world and interrogate both the origin and the implications of our ideas about gender relations and feminism. It is an essential reference work for advanced students and academics not only of feminist theory, but of gender and sexuality across the humanities and social sciences.

Philosophie und die Potenziale der Gender Studies

Peripherie und Zentrum im Feld der Theorie

Author: Hilge Landweer,Catherine Newmark,Christine Kley,Simone Miller

Publisher: transcript Verlag

ISBN: 3839421527

Category: Social Science

Page: 346

View: 8385

Der Band möchte der Debatte um feministische Theorie neue Impulse geben, vor allem in der Philosophie. »Geschlecht« wird hier zwar ähnlich wie in den Naturwissenschaften noch immer weitgehend ausgeschlossen oder marginalisiert. Stellt man diesen Begriff aber ins Zentrum des Denkens, kann er neue Perspektiven auf grundlegende philosophische Probleme öffnen: auf Vernunft, Macht, Handeln, Gerechtigkeit, Demokratie. Die Texte zur politischen Theorie, Ethik, Anthropologie und Metaphilosophie, die der Band vereint, wollen in diesem Sinne das kritische Potenzial der Gender Studies für die Philosophie nutzen.

Philosophy of Social Science

A New Introduction

Author: Nancy Cartwright,Eleonora Montuschi

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191030082

Category: Philosophy

Page: 320

View: 9578

This is a much-needed new introduction to a field that has been transformed in recent years by exciting new subjects, ideas, and methods. It is designed both for students with central interests in philosophy and those planning to concentrate on the social sciences, and it presupposes no particular background in either domain. From the wide range of topics at the forefront of debate in philosophy of social science, the editors have chosen those which are representative of the most important and interesting contemporary work. A team of distinguished experts explore key aspects of the field such as social ontology (what are the things that social science studies?), objectivity, formal methods, measurement, and causal inference. Also included are chapters focused on notable subjects of social science research, such as well-being and climate change. Philosophy of Social Science provides a clear, accessible, and up-to-date guide to this fascinating field.

Assertion

On the Philosophical Significance of Assertoric Speech

Author: Sanford C. Goldberg

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191046329

Category: Philosophy

Page: 304

View: 9777

Sanford C. Goldberg presents a novel account of the speech act of assertion. He defends the view that this type of speech act is answerable to a constitutive norm—the norm of assertion. The hypothesis that assertion is answerable to a robustly epistemic norm is uniquely suited to explain assertion's philosophical significance—its connections to other philosophically interesting topics. These include topics in epistemology (testimony and testimonial knowledge; epistemic authority; disagreement), the philosophy of mind (belief; the theory of mental content), the philosophy of language (norms of language; the method of interpretation; the theory of linguistic content), ethics (the ethics of belief; what we owe to each other as information-seeking creatures), and other matters which transcend any subcategory (anonymity; trust; the division of epistemic labor; Moorean paradoxicality). Goldberg aims to bring out these connections without assuming anything about the precise content of assertion's norm, beyond regarding it as robustly epistemic. In the last section of the book, however, he proposes that we do best to see the norm's epistemic standard as set in a context-sensitive fashion. After motivating this proposal by appeal to Grice's Cooperative Principle and spelling it out in terms of what is mutually believed in the speech context, Goldberg concludes by noting how this sort of context-sensitivity can be made to square with assertion's philosophical significance.

Virtue and Vice, Moral and Epistemic

Author: Heather Battaly

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444351931

Category: Philosophy

Page: 256

View: 3158

Virtue and Vice, Moral and Epistemic presents a series of essays by leading ethicists and epistemologists who offer the latest thinking on the moral and intellectual virtues and vices, the structure of virtue theory, and the connections between virtue and emotion. Cuts across two fields of philosophical inquiry by featuring a dual focus on ethics and epistemology Features cutting-edge work on the moral and intellectual virtues and vices, the structure of virtue theory, and the connections between virtue and emotion Presents a radical new moral theory that makes exemplars the foundation of ethics; and new theories of epistemic vices such as epistemic malevolence and epistemic self-indulgence Represents one of the few collections to address both the moral virtues and the epistemic virtues Explores a new approach in epistemology - virtue epistemology - which emphasizes the importance of intellectual character traits

Re-visioning Gender in Philosophy of Religion

Reason, Love and Epistemic Locatedness

Author: Dr Pamela Sue Anderson

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1409472329

Category: Philosophy

Page: 264

View: 9940

A passion for justice and truth motivates the bold challenge of Revisioning Gender in Philosophy of Religion. Unearthing the ways in which the myths of Christian patriarchy have historically inhibited and prohibited women from thinking and writing their own ideas, this book lays fresh ground for re-visioning the epistemic practices of philosophers. Pamela Sue Anderson seeks both to draw out the salient threads in the gendering of philosophy of religion as it has been practiced and to re-vision gender for philosophy today. The arguments put forth by contemporary philosophers of religion concerning human and divine attributes are epistemically located; yet the motivation to recognize this locatedness has to come from a concern for justice. This book presents invaluable new perspectives on the philosopher’s ever-increasing awareness of his or her own locatedness, on the gender (often unwittingly) given to God, the ineffability in both analytic and Continental philosophy, the still critical role of reason in the field, the aims of a feminist philosophy of religion, the roles of beauty and justice, the vision of love and reason, and a gendering which opens philosophy of religion up to diversity.

Kant and Colonialism

Historical and Critical Perspectives

Author: Katrin Flikschuh,Lea Ypi

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191034118

Category: Political Science

Page: 272

View: 6601

This is the first book dedicated to a systematic exploration of Kant's position on colonialism. Bringing together a team of leading scholars in both the history of political thought and normative theory, the chapters in the volume seek to place Kant's thoughts on colonialism in historical context, examine the tensions that the assessment of colonialism produces in Kant's work, and evaluate the relevance of these reflections for current debates on global justice and the relation of Western political thinking to other parts of the world.

Philosophie: die Klassiker

von Platon bis Wittgenstein

Author: Nigel Warburton

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783499608674

Category:

Page: 253

View: 1596

The Routledge Handbook of Social Epistemology

Author: Miranda Fricker,Peter J. Graham,David Henderson,Jeremy Wyatt,Nikolaj Pedersen

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781138858510

Category: Social epistemology

Page: 420

View: 1583

The Routledge Handbook of Social Epistemology is an authoritative and comprehensive survey of the most important issues and developments in one of the fastest growing areas of research in contemporary philosophy. An international team of scholars articulates the state of the art, draws out important connections, and breaks new ground in many areas of this intersciplinary new field. The 45 chapters, published here for the first time, are divided into nine parts: --Historical Backgrounds to Social Epistemology --Testimony --Disagreement, Diversity, and Relativism --Science and Social Epistemology --The Epistemology of Groups --Feminist Epistemology --The Epistemology of Democracy --The Epistemology of Education --New Horizons in Social Epistemology The Routledge Handbook of Social Epistemology is a major reference source for all students and scholars in epistemology, as well as researchers in philosophy of science, feminist philosophy, political philosophy, philosophy of language and in related fields like social and evolutionary psychology, political science, economics, and critical theory.

Schlaflos

Author: Sarah Moss

Publisher: mareverlag

ISBN: 3866483031

Category: Fiction

Page: 496

View: 2256

Eine karge Insel im Westen Schottlands, ständige Stromausfälle und eine unsichere Telefonverbindung. Ein Zweijähriger, der die Nächte zum Tag macht, und ein Siebenjähriger, der die Tage damit verbringt, sich die originellsten Versionen des Weltuntergangs auszumalen. Dazu ein Ehemann, der einer in den Klippen heimischen Papageientaucherkolonie mehr Zeit widmet als seiner Familie: Unter diesen nicht gerade idealen Bedingungen versucht die Historikerin Anna Bennett, eine wissenschaftliche Arbeit zum Thema Kindheit im 18. Jahrhundert zu schreiben. Aber wie soll sie auch nur eine Zeile zu Papier bringen, wenn sie allein und völlig übernächtigt zwei unternehmungslustige Kleinkinder in einer felsigen Einöde beschäftigen muss? Als zwei rätselhafte Funde im Garten und auf dem Dachboden des sich seit Generationen im Familienbesitz befindlichen Wohnhauses zu allem Überfluss Einblicke in die düstere Vergangenheit der Insel gewähren, sieht Anna endgültig ihre Felle davonschwimmen. Doch dann verbindet sich ihr chaotischer Alltag auf unerwartete Weise mit ihrem Forschungsgegenstand und der Inselhistorie ... Gleichzeitig gute Mutter und Wissenschaftlerin zu sein, noch dazu auf einer abgelegenen, windigen Nordseeinsel - keine leichte Aufgabe. Sarah Moss schildert das Dilemma ihrer Heldin mit so viel Selbstironie, Komik und Intelligenz und das Geheimnis der Insel mit so großer Spannung, dass eines sicher ist: "Schlaflos" hält wach.