Epistemic Injustice

Power and the Ethics of Knowing

Author: Miranda Fricker

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198237901

Category: Philosophy

Page: 188

View: 2754

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Kultur, Spätzündung der Evolution?

Antworten auf Fragen an die Evolutions- und Erkenntnistheorie

Author: Rupert Riedl

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Connaissance, Théorie de la

Page: 355

View: 8816

Philosophie und die Potenziale der Gender Studies

Peripherie und Zentrum im Feld der Theorie

Author: Hilge Landweer,Catherine Newmark,Christine Kley,Simone Miller

Publisher: transcript Verlag

ISBN: 3839421527

Category: Social Science

Page: 346

View: 4093

Der Band möchte der Debatte um feministische Theorie neue Impulse geben, vor allem in der Philosophie. »Geschlecht« wird hier zwar ähnlich wie in den Naturwissenschaften noch immer weitgehend ausgeschlossen oder marginalisiert. Stellt man diesen Begriff aber ins Zentrum des Denkens, kann er neue Perspektiven auf grundlegende philosophische Probleme öffnen: auf Vernunft, Macht, Handeln, Gerechtigkeit, Demokratie. Die Texte zur politischen Theorie, Ethik, Anthropologie und Metaphilosophie, die der Band vereint, wollen in diesem Sinne das kritische Potenzial der Gender Studies für die Philosophie nutzen.

Wahrheit und Wahrhaftigkeit

Author: Bernard Arthur Owen Williams

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783518296509

Category:

Page: 429

View: 2747

Was bedeutet es, wahrhaftig zu sein? Welche Rolle spielt Wahrheit in unserem Leben? Bernard Williams erkundet den geschichtsträchtigen und zentralen Begriff der Wahrheit und zeigt, dass wir einerseits mehr, andererseits weniger von ihm erhoffen können, als wir uns vorstellen. Dabei blendet er philosophische, historische und fiktionale Zugänge übereinander, um zu erzählen, wie die Meinungen der Menschen über das Problem der Wahrheit entstanden sein könnten. So scheint am Horizont auf, was wir verlieren, wenn wir den Sinn für den Wert von Wahrheit verlieren: womöglich alles! Ein Meisterwerk.

Warum es die Welt nicht gibt

Author: Markus Gabriel

Publisher: Ullstein eBooks

ISBN: 3843705100

Category: Philosophy

Page: 272

View: 9060

Die Welt gibt es nicht. Aber das bedeutet nicht, dass es überhaupt nichts gibt. Mit Freude an geistreichen Gedankenspielen, Sprachwitz und Mut zur Provokation legt der Philosoph Markus Gabriel dar, dass es zwar nichts gibt, was es nicht gibt – die Welt aber unvollständig ist. Wobei noch längst nicht alles gut ist, nur weil es alles gibt. Und Humor hilft durchaus dabei, sich mit den Abgründen des menschlichen Seins auseinanderzusetzen.

Reading Ethics

Author: Miranda Fricker,Samuel Guttenplan

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: N.A

Category: Philosophy

Page: 331

View: 4207

This introductory text encourages students to engage with key problems and arguments in ethics through a series of classic and contemporary readings. It will inspire students to think about the distinctive nature of moral philosophy, and to draw comparisons between different traditions of thought, between ancient and modern philosophies, and between theoretical and literary writing about the place of value in human life. Each of the book’s six chapters focuses on a particular theme: the nature of goodness, subjectivity and objectivity in ethical thinking, justice and virtue, moral motivation, the place of moral obligation, and the idea that literature can be a form of moral philosophy. The historical readings come from Plato, Aristotle, Hume, Kant and Mill; and the contemporary readings from Foot, Rawls, McDowell, Mackie, Nagel, Williams, Nussbaum and Gaita. The editors’ introductions to the themes, and the interactive commentaries they provide for each reading, are intended to make Reading Ethics come as close as possible to a seminar in philosophy.

Ich, Nojoud, zehn Jahre, geschieden

Author: Nojoud Ali

Publisher: Knaur eBook

ISBN: 3426404532

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 192

View: 458

Verkauft, verheiratet, geschieden - ein kleines Mädchen befreit sich aus einer Zwangsehe Nojoud ist noch ein Kind, als ihre Eltern sie mit einem Mann verheiraten, der dreimal so alt ist wie sie. Für die Zehnjährige aus dem Jemen bedeutet das das plötzliche Ende ihrer unbeschwerten Kindheit - und den Beginn einer qualvollen Zeit. Doch Nojoud gibt nicht auf. Sie sucht Zuflucht im Gericht und beschließt, für ihre Rechte zu kämpfen. Mit der Hilfe ihrer Anwältin gelingt Nojoud schließlich das Unmögliche: Ihre Zwangsehe wird geschieden, sie darf endlich wieder ein ganz normales Kind sein. Ihre Geschichte ging um die Welt - nun meldet sich Nojoud selbst zu Wort. Ich, Nojoud, zehn Jahre, geschieden von Nojoud Ali: die spannende Biografie im eBook!

Logik-Vorlesungen. Unveröffentlichte Nachschriften I

Logik Bauch

Author: Immanuel Kant

Publisher: Meiner, F

ISBN: 9783787313372

Category: Philosophy

Page: 268

View: 2461

Kant hielt seit 1765 regelmäßig Vorlesungen über Logik, denen er ein Exemplar des „Meierschen Lehrbuchs“ von 1752 als Leitfaden zugrunde legte, in welches er fortschreitend Anmerkungen und Erläuterungen eintrug, denen er in seinem Vortrag folgte. Da Kant die Ausarbeitung eines eigenen Handbuchs für seine Vorlesung über Logik nicht selbst vornahm, sondern diese Aufgabe Gottlob Nejamin Jäsche übertrug, der 1800 bei Nicolovius unter dem Titel „Immanuel Kants Logik/ein Handbuch zu Vorlesungen“ die erste und einzige Originalausgabe herausgab, kommt allen auffindbaren Kollegheften und/oder Nachschriften der von Kant gehaltenen Vorlesungen besondere Bedeutung zu für die angemessene und richtige Bewertung der Genese seiner Darstellung und Einteilung der Logik.

The Epistemic Life of Groups

Essays in the Epistemology of Collectives

Author: Michael S. Brady,Miranda Fricker

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198759649

Category:

Page: 272

View: 4049

Social epistemology has been flourishing in recent years, expanding and making connections with political philosophy, virtue epistemology, philosophy of science, and feminist philosophy. The philosophy of the social world too is flourishing, with burgeoning work in the metaphysics of the social world, collective responsibility, group action, and group belief. The new philosophical vista now more clearly presenting itself is collective epistemology--the epistemology of groups and institutions. Groups engage in epistemic activity all the time--whether it be the active collective inquiry of scientific research groups or crime detection units, or the evidential deliberations of tribunals and juries, or the informational efforts of the voting population in general--and yet in philosophy there is still relatively little epistemology of groups to help explore these epistemic practices and their various dimensions of social and philosophical significance. The aim of this book is to address this lack, by presenting original essays in the field of collective epistemology, exploring these regions of epistemic practice and their significance for Epistemology, Political Philosophy, Ethics, and the Philosophy of Science.

Encyclopedia of Educational Theory and Philosophy

Author: D. C. Phillips

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483364755

Category: Education

Page: 952

View: 2900

Education is a field sometimes beset by theories-of-the-day and with easy panaceas that overpromise the degree to which they can alleviate pressing educational problems. The two-volume Encyclopedia of Educational Theory and Philosophy introduces readers to theories that have stood the test of time and those that have provided the historical foundation for the best of contemporary educational theory and practice. Drawing together a team of international scholars, this invaluable reference examines the global landscape of all the key theories and the theorists behind them and presents them in the context needed to understand their strengths and weaknesses. In addition to interpretations of long-established theories, this work offers essays on cutting-edge research and concise, to-the-point definitions of key concepts, ideas, schools, and figures. Features: Over 300 signed entries by trusted experts in the field are organized into two volumes and overseen by a distinguished General Editor and an international Editorial Board. Entries are followed by cross references and further reading suggestions. A Chronology of Theory within the field of education highlights developments over the centuries; a Reader’s Guide groups entries thematically, and a master Bibliography facilitates further study. The Reader’s Guide, detailed index, and cross references combine for strong search-and-browse capabilities in the electronic version. Available in a choice of print or electronic formats, Encyclopedia of Educational Theory and Philosophy is an ideal reference for anyone interested in the roots of contemporary educational theory.

Essays in Collective Epistemology

Author: Jennifer Lackey

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191030171

Category: Philosophy

Page: 240

View: 3707

We often talk about groups believing, knowing, and testifying. For instance, we ask whether the Bush Administration had good reasons for believing that Saddam Hussein had weapons of mass destruction, or whether BP knew that its equipment was faulty before the oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico. Epistemic claims of this sort often have enormously significant consequences, given the ways they bear on the moral and legal responsibilities of collective entities. Despite the importance of these epistemic claims, there has been surprisingly little philosophical work shedding light on these phenomena, their consequences, and the broader implications that follow for epistemology in general. Essays in Collective Epistemology aims to fill this gap in the literature by bringing together new papers in this area by some of the leading figures in social epistemology. The volume is divided into four parts and contains ten articles written on a range of topics in collective epistemology. All of the papers focus on fundamental issues framing the epistemological literature on groups, and offer new insights or developments to the current debates: some do so by providing novel examinations of the epistemological relationship that groups bear to their members, while others point to new, cutting edge approaches to theorizing about concepts and issues related to collective entities. Anyone working in epistemology, or concerned with issues involving the social dimensions of knowledge, should find the papers in this book both interesting and valuable.

Philosophy of Social Science

A New Introduction

Author: Nancy Cartwright,Eleonora Montuschi

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191030082

Category: Philosophy

Page: 320

View: 472

This is a much-needed new introduction to a field that has been transformed in recent years by exciting new subjects, ideas, and methods. It is designed both for students with central interests in philosophy and those planning to concentrate on the social sciences, and it presupposes no particular background in either domain. From the wide range of topics at the forefront of debate in philosophy of social science, the editors have chosen those which are representative of the most important and interesting contemporary work. A team of distinguished experts explore key aspects of the field such as social ontology (what are the things that social science studies?), objectivity, formal methods, measurement, and causal inference. Also included are chapters focused on notable subjects of social science research, such as well-being and climate change. Philosophy of Social Science provides a clear, accessible, and up-to-date guide to this fascinating field.

Philosophie und die Potenziale der Gender Studies

Peripherie und Zentrum im Feld der Theorie

Author: Hilge Landweer,Catherine Newmark,Christine Kley,Simone Miller

Publisher: transcript Verlag

ISBN: 3839421527

Category: Social Science

Page: 346

View: 5715

Der Band möchte der Debatte um feministische Theorie neue Impulse geben, vor allem in der Philosophie. »Geschlecht« wird hier zwar ähnlich wie in den Naturwissenschaften noch immer weitgehend ausgeschlossen oder marginalisiert. Stellt man diesen Begriff aber ins Zentrum des Denkens, kann er neue Perspektiven auf grundlegende philosophische Probleme öffnen: auf Vernunft, Macht, Handeln, Gerechtigkeit, Demokratie. Die Texte zur politischen Theorie, Ethik, Anthropologie und Metaphilosophie, die der Band vereint, wollen in diesem Sinne das kritische Potenzial der Gender Studies für die Philosophie nutzen.

Assertion

On the Philosophical Significance of Assertoric Speech

Author: Sanford C. Goldberg

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191046329

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 304

View: 8042

Sanford C. Goldberg presents a novel account of the speech act of assertion. He defends the view that this type of speech act is answerable to a constitutive norm—the norm of assertion. The hypothesis that assertion is answerable to a robustly epistemic norm is uniquely suited to explain assertion's philosophical significance—its connections to other philosophically interesting topics. These include topics in epistemology (testimony and testimonial knowledge; epistemic authority; disagreement), the philosophy of mind (belief; the theory of mental content), the philosophy of language (norms of language; the method of interpretation; the theory of linguistic content), ethics (the ethics of belief; what we owe to each other as information-seeking creatures), and other matters which transcend any subcategory (anonymity; trust; the division of epistemic labor; Moorean paradoxicality). Goldberg aims to bring out these connections without assuming anything about the precise content of assertion's norm, beyond regarding it as robustly epistemic. In the last section of the book, however, he proposes that we do best to see the norm's epistemic standard as set in a context-sensitive fashion. After motivating this proposal by appeal to Grice's Cooperative Principle and spelling it out in terms of what is mutually believed in the speech context, Goldberg concludes by noting how this sort of context-sensitivity can be made to square with assertion's philosophical significance.

Virtue and Vice, Moral and Epistemic

Author: Heather Battaly

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444351931

Category: Philosophy

Page: 256

View: 4832

Virtue and Vice, Moral and Epistemic presents a series of essays by leading ethicists and epistemologists who offer the latest thinking on the moral and intellectual virtues and vices, the structure of virtue theory, and the connections between virtue and emotion. Cuts across two fields of philosophical inquiry by featuring a dual focus on ethics and epistemology Features cutting-edge work on the moral and intellectual virtues and vices, the structure of virtue theory, and the connections between virtue and emotion Presents a radical new moral theory that makes exemplars the foundation of ethics; and new theories of epistemic vices such as epistemic malevolence and epistemic self-indulgence Represents one of the few collections to address both the moral virtues and the epistemic virtues Explores a new approach in epistemology - virtue epistemology - which emphasizes the importance of intellectual character traits

Wiener Ausgabe Studien Texte

Band 2: Philosophische Betrachtungen. Philosophische Bemerkungen.

Author: L. Wittgenstein

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783211832677

Category: Philosophy

Page: 334

View: 7283

Wittgensteins "Philosophische Bemerkungen" und seine "Philosophische Grammatik" basieren auf den zwischen 1929 und 1932 entstandenen Manuskriptbänden I–X. Diese Texte wurden erstmals vollständig und absolut werktreu in der "Wiener Ausgabe" veröffentlicht: ein netzwerkartiges Gedankengeflecht, in dem der Leser, kreuz und quer wandernd, eigene Pfade der Erkenntnis erkunden kann. Die "Studien Texte" sind seitengleich mit den jeweiligen Texten der Gesamtausgabe und somit komplett in die "Wiener Ausgabe" mitsamt ihren Apparaten und zukünftigen Kommentaren integriert. Band 2 enthält die Manuskriptbände III und IV – Mss 107 und 108, geschrieben zwischen 6. Oktober 1929 und 9. August 1930.