Author: Nathan J. Gordon
Publisher: CRC Press
Throughout history, there has been an intrinsic need for humans to detect deception in other humans. Developed in 1923, the polygraph machine was a tool designed to do just this. To date, there have been many improvements made to the basic polygraph instrument. This book outlines the instrumentation as well as the latest in questioning techniques and methods available to the professional interviewer to determine truth from deception. The book covers psychology and physiology, a history of polygraph with the advances of leading figures, question formulation, data analysis, legal implications and legal cases, and the author’s developed technique Integrated Zone Comparison Technique (IZCT).
Author: Donald Krapohl,Pamela Shaw
Publisher: Academic Press
Though polygraph has been the mainstay for government and police departments since World War II, it has undergone substantial transformation in recent years. Fundamentals of Polygraph Practice bridges the gap between the outmoded practices and today’s validated testing and analysis protocols. The goal of this reference is to thoroughly and concisely describe the evidence-based practices of polygraphy. Coverage will include: psychophysiology, testing techniques, data collection, data analysis, ethics, polygraph law, alternate technologies and much more. This text addresses the foundational needs of polygraph students, and is written to be useful and accessible to attorneys, forensic scientists, consumers of polygraph services, and the general public. Includes protocols and fundamentals of polygraph practice Covers the history of lie detection, psychophysiology, data collection, techniques and testing, data analysis and much more Authors are internationally recognized in the polygraph field
Author: Murray Kleiner
Category: Political Science
The Handbook of Polygraph Testing examines the fundamental principles behind lie detector tests, and provides an up-to-date review of their validity. The editor presents current psychological theories, including an explanation of the cognitive processes central to polygraph testing. He describes the various methods of testing, the research in support of each method, and special issues in polygraph research. The Handbook helps readers interpret existing research studies, and learn how to improve the accuracy of polygraph testing and analysis. The dual focus on research and clinical applications makes this text appropriate for a broad range of readers, from polygraph examiners and law enforcement personnel to lawyers, scientists, and graduate students. The Handbook helps establish standards in the field by establishing a set of common terms, concepts, and processes for the people who administer and analyze the tests as well as for the researchers who test the underlying theories. Helps set standards in the field by establishing a set of common terms, concepts and processes
Memoirs of a CIA Polygraph Examiner
Author: John F. Sullivan
Publisher: Potomac Books, Inc.
Category: Biography & Autobiography
John F. Sullivan was a polygraph examiner with the CIA for thirty-one years, during which time he conducted more tests than anyone in the history of the CIA's program. The lie detectors act as the Agency's gatekeepers, preventing foreign agents, unsuitable applicants, and employees guilty of misconduct from penetrating or harming the Agency. Here Sullivan describes his methods, emphasizing the importance of psychology and the examiners' skills in a successful polygraph program. Sullivan acknowledges that using the polygraph effectively is an art as much as a science, yet he convincingly argues that it remains a highly reliable screening device, more successful and less costly than the other primary method, background investigation. In the thousands of tests that Sullivan conducted, he discovered double agents, applicants with criminal backgrounds, and employee misconduct, including compromising affairs and the mishandling of classified information. But Gatekeeper is more than Sullivan's memoirs. It is also a window to the often acrimonious and sometimes alarming internal politics of the CIA: the turf wars over resources, personnel, and mandate; the slow implementation of quality control; the aversion to risk-taking; and the overzealous pursuit of disqualifying information. In an age when the intelligence community's conduct is rightly being questioned, Sullivan contributes a fascinating personal account of one of the Agency's many important tasks.
Author: Stanley Abrams
Category: Political Science
A guide on how to administer and evaluate polygraph tests. Includes a glossary of polygraph terms, charts showing various deceptive responses, major testing techniques, psychiatric categories showing how to evaluate subjects' mental state and determine who can and cannot be tested, current validity and reliability research, and courtroom techniques for the expert witness. No bibliography. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR
Author: National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Committee on National Statistics,Board on Behavioral, Cognitive, and Sensory Sciences,Committee to Review the Scientific Evidence on the Polygraph
Publisher: National Academies Press
The polygraph, often portrayed as a magic mind-reading machine, is still controversial among experts, who continue heated debates about its validity as a lie-detecting device. As the nation takes a fresh look at ways to enhance its security, can the polygraph be considered a useful tool? The Polygraph and Lie Detection puts the polygraph itself to the test, reviewing and analyzing data about its use in criminal investigation, employment screening, and counter-intelligence. The book looks at: The theory of how the polygraph works and evidence about how deceptivenessâ€"and other psychological conditionsâ€"affect the physiological responses that the polygraph measures. Empirical evidence on the performance of the polygraph and the success of subjectsâ€™ countermeasures. The actual use of the polygraph in the arena of national security, including its role in deterring threats to security. The book addresses the difficulties of measuring polygraph accuracy, the usefulness of the technique for aiding interrogation and for deterrence, and includes potential alternativesâ€"such as voice-stress analysis and brain measurement techniques.
A Social History of the Lie Detector
Author: Geoffrey C. Bunn
Publisher: JHU Press
For centuries, all manner of truth-seekers have used the lie detector. In this eye-opening book, Geoffrey C Bunn unpacks the history of this device and explores the interesting and often surprising connection between technology and popular culture.
Author: Ken Blackstone
Publisher: Emerson Books
About a century ago, Dean John Wigmore, Northwestern University School of Law, hypothesized that if "there is ever devised a psychological test for the valuation of witnesses, the law will run to meet it." But his prophesy has yet to prove itself. In fact, it often seems that the law has been running away from the polygraph. In his new book, Ken Blackstone explains that this has less to do with the validity of the polygraph and more to do with the lack of a bright line between forensic and utility polygraph. Polygraph, Sex Offenders, and the Court: Provides a history of civil commitment in the United States of America Describes the psychological and physiological fundamentals of polygraph testing Explains the complexity of the polygraph protocol Establishes standards for professionals to expect in polygraph testing
Author: Doug Williams
KNOWLEDGE IS POWER - BUT FAILING TO PREPARE IS JUST PREPARING TO FAIL! As long as the polygraph is used to frighten and intimidate people - and as long as truthful people are falsely accused of lying, I will provide this information so they can protect themselves. If you are going to take a polygraph test, you MUST have the KNOWLEDGE you need to be PROPERLY PREPARED TO PASS YOUR POLYGRAPH TEST! I will teach you how to be PROPERLY PREPARED TO PASS - NERVOUS OR NOT - NO MATTER WHAT! The manual is short and easy to understand - it tells you everything you need to know to pass your polygraph test. The DVD demonstrates how well my technique works by showing you what it looks like on an actual polygraph chart when you do what I tell you to do. JUST TELLING THE TRUTH ONLY WORKS ABOUT 50% OF THE TIME - SO TO PROTECT YOURSELF FROM BEING FALSELY ACCUSED OF LYING, YOU MUST LEARN HOW TO PASS! THE CHOICE IS YOURS - GET PREPARED OR GET SCREWED!
Author: J.C. Yuille
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Credibility assessment refers to any attempt to ascertain truthfulness. Other terms which have been used to refer to the assessment of credibility include the detection of deception and lie detection. The term lie detection has become virtually synonymous with the use of the polygraph and can no longer be used to refer to the range of procedures currently employed to assess credibility. Also, both lie detection and the detection of deception have a negative cast which does not fully capture the orientation of current approaches to credibility. Consequently, the term credibility assessment has emerged recently as the preferred label. The goal of credibility assessment is typically the determination of the truth of a statement or be found in set of statements. The need or desire to make such an assessment can every human context from marital relations through clinical examinations to police and court interrogations. Examples of the kinds of statements which require credibility assessment are: 1) A child's assertion that she or he has been sexually abused. 2) The claim by a previously suicidal person that he or she has recovered and will not attempt suicide again. 3) The denial of guilt by a suspect in a criminal investigation. 4 ) The confident statement of a witness that he or she is sure in his or her identification of a thief. 5) The vow of loyalty by a potential employee for a security job. It is necessary to assess the credibility of these and similar statements.
A Novel of Things to Come
Author: James L. Halperin
Publisher: Ballantine Books
Prepare to have your conception of truth rocked to its very foundation. It is the year 2004. Violent crime is the number one political issue in America. Now, the Swift and Sure Anti-Crime Bill guarantees a previously convicted violent criminal one fair trial, one quick appeal, then immediate execution. To prevent abuse of the law, a machine must be built that detects lies with 100 percent accuracy. Once perfected, the Truth Machine will change the face of the world. Yet the race to finish the Truth Machine forces one man to commit a shocking act of treachery, burdening him with a dark secret that collides with everything he believes in. Now he must conceal the truth from his own creation . . . or face his execution. By turns optimistic and chilling--and always profound--The Truth Machine is nothing less than a history of the future, a spellbinding chronicle that resonates with insight, wisdom . . . and astounding possibility. "PROFOUND." --Associated Press
Best Practice Guide
Author: Tuvya T. Amsel, Ph.d.
A polygraph test provides useful information in many scenarios and can be a crucial component of a criminal investigation, even a required step for security screenings. No matter the purpose, daily practitioners must embrace a more personalized approach to testing to achieve the most credible results. Author Tuvya T. Amsel, PhD, has conducted tens of thousands of interviews and tests while working with law enforcement agencies and both small businesses and megacorporations across the globe, providing him with several decades' worth of knowledge. In this invaluable handbook, he explains how to deal with the practical issues and problems that polygraph examiners encounter on a regular basis and offers solutions to each that promote assessment accuracy. Topics covered range from resolving chart anomalies and contradictory responses to conducting confirmatory testing. He addresses contaminating factors, procedures for testing foreigners, and best practices for examiners traveling abroad to perform assessments. Aside from possessing basic procedural and statistical knowledge, the best examiners must be prepared to deal with unique situations-in the end, the tests are conducted on human beings who have a great deal at stake. Approaching each as an individual with a custom-designed test will ensure more accurate results-and produce effective outcomes.
The History of an American Obsession
Author: Ken Alder
Publisher: U of Nebraska Press
Category: Social Science
In this fascinating history of the lie detector, Ken Alder exposes some persistent truths about our culture: why we long to know the secret thoughts of our fellow citizens; why we believe in popular science; and why we embrace ?truthiness.? For centuries people searched in vain for a way to unmask liars, seeking clues in the body?s outward signs: in blushing cheeks and shifty eyes. Not until the 1920s did a cop with a PhD team up with an entrepreneurial high school student and claim to have invented a foolproof machine capable of peering directly into the human heart. Scientists repudiated the technique, and judges banned its results from criminal trials, but in a few years their polygraph had transformed police work, seized headlines, and enthralled the nation.ø In this book, Alder explains why America?and only America?has embraced this mechanical method of reading the human soul. Over the course of the twentieth century, the lie detector became integral to our justice system, employment markets, and national security apparatus, transforming each into a game of bluff and bluster. The lie detector device may not reliably read the human mind, but this lively account shows that the instrument?s history offers a unique window into the American soul.
Author: Stan B. Walters
Publisher: CRC Press
How do you interpret a person’s behavior during their interview? Some people say it’s an innate quality that can’t be taught. But anyone who’s read Stan Walters’ Principles of Kinesic Interview and Interrogation knows that is FALSE. The overwhelming success of the first edition and the numerous success stories credited to the book prove that the art of kinesic interview, or behavioral analysis, is indeed learnable, and Walters shows you how to master it. Why are some interviewers more successful than others? Why do certain techniques work only part of the time? Why did the subject confess? Why didn’t he confess? With information based on firsthand observations from over 900 interviews and interrogations, Principles of Kinesic Interview and Interrogation, Second Edition provides even more insight than the bestselling first edition into how people behave during interviews, what their behaviors reveal, and why they exhibit those mannerisms. New to this edition: · Extensive references, including law enforcement magazines and peer-reviewed journals · 50% more high quality photos depicting various nonverbal symptoms · Advances in the area of kinesic statement analysis, with more examples · Discussion of the phenomenon of false confessions, including contributing factors · A new chapter addressing the basic concepts of interview and interrogation, making the book more rounded and suitable for beginners · A short section on schizophrenia, brain disease, clinical depression, and suicidal personalities and their behaviors Explore the complex challenges of basic and advanced interview and interrogation techniques. Determine behavior from body language, speech, and written statements. Thousands of readers gained invaluable skills from the first edition.
Scientific Truth Verification, Lie Detection
Author: James Allan Matté
Publisher: J.A.M. Publications
Category: Political Science
Carefully and succinctly explores polygraph law, history, and science. For related material, see Hein Item #327060.
Tales of a CIA Covert Ops Polygraph Interrogator
Author: Alan B. Trabue
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Alan Trabue chose a bizarre, dangerous way to make a living. In A Life of Lies and Spies, Trabue exposes the often perilous world of polygraphing foreign spies in support of CIA espionage programs. He recounts his incredible, true-life globe-trotting adventures, from his induction in the CIA in 1971 to directing the CIA's world-wide covert ops polygraph program. A Life of Lies and Spies brings readers into the high-stakes world of covert operations and the quest to uncover deceit, featuring a high-speed car chase, blown clandestine meetings, surreptitious room searches, tear-gassing by riot police, and confrontations with machine gun-armed soldiers. Liberally sprinkled with side anecdotes—such as debriefing an agent though a torturous swarm of mosquitoes in a jungle shack—Trabue's story highlights both the humor and the intrinsic danger of conducting CIA covert activities. Writing from a unique perspective framed by his uncommon longevity and broad experience, for which he was awarded the Career Intelligence Medal, Trabue's memoir unveils the CIA's use of polygraph and interrogation to validate recruited spies' bona fides and information obtained through their acts of espionage. The Central Intelligence Agency has not approved, endorsed or authorized this book or the use of the CIA seal, name or initials.
Author: David E. Zulawski,Douglas E. Wicklander
Publisher: Taylor & Francis US
Category: Criminal investigation
Written by two experts who have conducted more than 15,000 interviews and interrogations from theft to homicide, this book covers the entire sequence of events that occur during the interview and interrogation process. The authors present their method in a cookbook fashion, allowing the flexibility to select a number of different paths to interrogating a suspect.
A Research Review and Evaluation
Author: Office of Technology Assessment,United States Congress
This technical memorandum presents the results of the Office of Technology Assessment's (OTA) review and assessment of the scientific evidence on the validity of polygraph testing. OTA has limited this technical memorandum to issues directly related to the scientific validity of the polygraph. OTA did not consider utility, privacy, constitutional, and ethical issues, among others that have been raised in the debate over polygraph testing.We first discuss the various types of polygraph testing procedures and ways in which the polygraph is used, and then summarize the judicial, legislative, and scientific controversy over polygraph testing validity. Next, we review and evaluate both prior reviews of the scientific research on polygraph validity and the individual research studies. Finally, we discuss the range of factors that may affect polygraph validity and the possibilities for future research, and present OTA's conclusions about the scientific evidence for current and proposed Federal Government polygraph use.In preparing this memorandum, OTA has drawn on research information available from a wide variety of sources, including the major Federal Government polygraph users, the American Polygraph Association, various private polygraph practitioners, and polygraph researchers both in the United States and abroad.
Polygraphs Reveal the Shocking Truth about Stacy Peterson and Kathleen Savio
Author: Derek Armstrong
Category: True Crime
Presents the forensic evidence and the results of two polygraph tests in an examination of the guilt of ex-police officer Drew Peterson in the disappearance and murder of two of his wives.