Ethics in Social Science Research

Becoming Culturally Responsive

Author: Maria K. E. Lahman

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1506328601

Category: Reference

Page: 312

View: 6750

Ethics in Social Science Research: Becoming Culturally Responsive provides a thorough grounding in research ethics, along with examples of real-world ethical dilemmas in working with vulnerable populations. Author Maria K. E. Lahman aims to help qualitative research students design ethically and culturally responsive research with communities that may be very different from their own. Throughout, compelling first person accounts of ethics in human research—both historical and contemporary—are highlighted and each chapter includes vignettes written by the author and her collaborators about real qualitative research projects.

100 Questions (and Answers) About Research Ethics

Author: Emily E. Anderson,Amy Corneli

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1506348696

Category: Reference

Page: 224

View: 1535

100 Questions (and Answers) About Research Ethics by Emily E Anderson and Amy Corneli is an essential guide for graduate students and researchers in the social and behavioral sciences. It identifies ethical issues that individuals must consider when planning research studies as well as provides guidance on how to address ethical issues that might arise during research implementation. Questions such as assessing risks, to protecting privacy and vulnerable populations, obtaining informed consent, using technology including social media, negotiating the IRB process, and handling data ethically are covered. Acting as a resource for students developing their thesis and dissertation proposals and for junior faculty designing research, this book reflects the latest U.S. federal research regulations to take effect mostly in January 2018.

Research Ethics and Integrity for Social Scientists

Beyond Regulatory Compliance

Author: Mark Israel

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1473909155

Category: Social Science

Page: 264

View: 8539

Ethics and integrity in research are increasingly important for social scientists around the world. We are tackling more complex problems in the face of expanding and not always sympathetic regulation. This book surveys the recent developments and debates around researching ethically and with integrity and complying with ethical requirements. The new edition pushes beyond the work of the first edition through updated and extended coverage of issues relating to international, indigenous, interdisciplinary and internet research. Through case studies and examples drawn from all continents and from across the social science disciplines, the book: demonstrates the practical value of thinking seriously and systematically about ethical conduct in social science research identifies how and why current regulatory regimes have emerged reveals those practices that have contributed to the adversarial relationships between researchers and regulators encourages all parties to develop shared solutions to ethical and regulatory problems.

Culturally Relevant Ethical Decision-Making in Counseling

Author: Rick Houser,Felicia L. Wilczenski,MaryAnna Ham

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1452279055

Category: Psychology

Page: 352

View: 2097

Culturally Relevant Ethical Decision-Making in Counseling presents a hermeneutic orientation and framework to address contextual issues in ethical decision-making in counseling and psychotherapy. Authors Rick Houser, Felicia L. Wilczenski, and Mary Anna Ham incorporate broad perspectives of ethical theories which are grounded in various worldviews and sensitive to cultural issues.

Doing Cross-Cultural Research

Ethical and Methodological Perspectives

Author: Pranee Liamputtong

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402085672

Category: Social Science

Page: 310

View: 2641

Conducting cross-cultural research is rife with methodological, ethical and moral challenges. Researchers are challenged with many issues in carrying out their research with people in cross-cultural arenas. In this book, I attempt to bring together salient issues for the conduct of culturally appropriate research. The task of undertaking cross-cultural research can present researchers with unique opportunities, and yet dilemmas. The book will provide some thought-provoking points so that our research may proceed relatively well and yet ethical in our approach. The subject of the book is on the ethical, methodological, political understanding and practical procedures in undertaking cross-cultural research. The book will bring readers through a series of questions: who am I working with? What ethical and moral considerations do I need to observe? How should I conduct the research which is culturally appropriate to the needs of people I am researching? How do I deal with language issues? How will I negotiate access? And what research methods should I apply to ensure a successful research process? The book is intended for postgraduate students who are undertaking research as part of their degrees. It is also intended for researchers who are working in cross-cultural studies and in poor nations.

Continuing the Journey to Reposition Culture and Cultural Context in Evaluation Theory and Practice

Author: Stafford Hood,Rodney Hopson,Henry Frierson

Publisher: IAP

ISBN: 1623969379

Category: Education

Page: 405

View: 1152

Racial, ethnic, linguistic, and cultural diversity has become of global importance in places where many never would have imagined. Increasing diversity in the U.S., Europe, Africa, New Zealand, and Asia strongly suggests that a homogeneitybased focus is rapidly becoming an historical artifact. Therefore, culturally responsive evaluation (CRE) should no longer be viewed as a luxury or an option in our work as evaluators. The continued amplification of racial, ethnic, linguistic, and cultural diversity and awareness among the populations of the U.S. and other western nations insists that social science researchers and evaluators inextricably engage culturally responsive approaches in their work. It is unacceptable for most mainstream university evaluation programs, philanthropic agencies, training institutes sponsored by federal agencies, professional associations, and other entities to promote professional evaluation practices that do not attend to CRE. Our global demographics are a reality that can be appropriately described and studied within the context of complexity theory and theory of change (e.g., Stewart, 1991; Battram, 1999). And this perspective requires a distinct shift from “simple” linear causeeffect models and reductionist thinking to include more holistic and culturally responsive approaches. The development of policy that is meaningfully responsive to the needs of traditionally disenfranchised stakeholders and that also optimizes the use of limited resources (human, natural, and financial) is an extremely complex process. Fortunately, we are presently witnessing developments in methods, instruments, and statistical techniques that are mixed methods in their paradigm/designs and likely to be more effective in informing policymaking and decisionmaking. Culturally responsive evaluation is one such phenomenon that positions itself to be relevant in the context of dynamic international and national settings where policy and program decisions take place. One example of a response to address this dynamic and need is the newly established Center for Culturally Responsive Evaluation and Assessment (CREA) in the College of Education at the University of Illinois at UrbanaChampaign. CREA is an outgrowth of the collective work and commitments of a global community of scholars and practitioners who have contributed chapters to this edited volume. It is an international and interdisciplinary evaluation center that is grounded in the need for designing and conducting evaluations and assessments that embody cognitive, cultural, and interdisciplinary diversity so as to be actively responsive to culturally diverse communities and their aspirations. The Center’s purpose is to address questions, issues, theories, and practices related to CRE and culturally responsive educational assessment. Therefore, CREA can serve as a vehicle for our continuing discourse on culture and cultural context in evaluation and also as a point of dissemination for not only the work that is included in this edited volume, but for the subsequent work it will encourage.

Ethical Challenges in Study Design and Informed Consent for Health Research in Resource-poor Settings

Author: Patricia Loomis Marshall,World Health Organization

Publisher: World Health Organization

ISBN: 9241563389

Category: Medical

Page: 79

View: 2640

This review considers ethical challenges to research design and informed consent in biomedical and behavioral studies conducted in resource-poor settings. A review of the literature explores relevant social, cultural, and ethical issues in the conduct of biomedical and social health research in developing countries. Ten case vignettes illustrate ethical challenges that arise in international research with culturally diverse populations. Recommendations for researchers and policy-makers concerned about ethical practices in multinational studies conducted in resource-poor settings are also listed.

Planning Ethically Responsible Research

A Guide for Students and Internal Review Boards

Author: Joan E. Sieber

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780803939646

Category: Social Science

Page: 163

View: 7915

"Joan E. Sieber does a good job of giving the reader a brief crash course about the historical context in which ethical concerns in human research arose, subsequent federal regulations, and how IRBs came about and how they work. The author's main purpose, however is to give those involved with social science research the practical knowledge to plan ethically sensitive research; one result of that planning should be that researchers will then have little problem getting their research approved by IRBs. The book achieves that purpose quite well; it deals concretely with basic issues such as privacy and confidentiality, deception, informed consent, assessment of potential research risk and benefits, and problems involving vulnerable populations. . . . The book (also) has a number of features that would make it useful for students as a good addition to a research or an ethics course." --Contemporary Psychology "Joan E. Sieber's book merits reading, rereading, and use as a reference guide by students, seasoned researchers, and research ethics committees." --The Library Quarterly "The writing style is clear, and the book is logically organized, moving from definitions of terms to an overview of general ethical principles applicable to research with humans. The book is user-friendly and offers many concrete examples as well as exercises, case studies, discussion questions, a protocol checklist, and sample consent and assent forms for use with children. An additional strength of the book is its presentation of a model to identify and weigh risk-related factors in social research." --Rehabilitation Nursing Research "This book . . . provide (s) a useful introduction to ethics in research and should serve as a practical handbook for those researchers and members of review boards who need guidance on typical regulations and procedures. This work definitely fills a gap in the literature on research by addressing issues generally not given much attention in research methods textbooks." --Library and Information Science Research "Joan E. Sieber successfully challenges researchers to look at ethical issues in social and behavioral research from different angles and brings up points that are often obscure or difficult to assess. She is to be commended for tackling such a difficult, important, and all to often ignored subject." --Death Studies One of the most important, yet frustrating, aspects of doing social science research is translating ethical principles, especially those required by federal regulations, into valid research methods and procedures. Planning Ethically Responsible Research guides readers through this labyrinth by providing the practical knowledge needed to plan ethically responsible social and behavioral research. This handy volume offers guidelines in each chapter for satisfying federal regulations governing human research and for working with the university's Institutional Review Board (IRB). The book also includes an abundance of useful tools: an introduction to the IRB protocol in which the investigator describes the research to the IRB, addresses its ethical considerations, and indicates the necessary steps to take to comply with legal and ethical requirements; detailed instructions on development of an effective protocol; methods for handling issues of consent, privacy, confidentiality and deception; ways to assess risk and benefit to optimize research outcomes; and how to respect the needs of vulnerable research populations such as children and the urban poor, including those at risk for HIV infection. Professionals and students of research methods, evaluation, psychology, sociology, and nursing will not want to miss this insightful addition to research.

Research Ethics in Africa

A Resource for Research Ethics Committees

Author: Mariana Kruger,Paul Ndebele,Lyn Horn

Publisher: AFRICAN SUN MeDIA

ISBN: 1920689303

Category: Science

Page: 224

View: 4010

The aim of this book is to provide research ethics committee members with a resource that focuses on research ethics issues in Africa. The authors are currently active in various aspects of research ethics in Africa and the majority have been trained in the past by either the Fogarty International Center or Europe and Developing Countries Clinical Trial Partnership (EDCTP) sponsored bioethics training programmes .

Doing Ethical Research

Author: Hannah Farrimond

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 1137295538

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 9319

'This in an excellent text on a topic that is becoming increasingly important for students and professionals alike. It is well-researched, written in a clear and accessible style, and will be extremely useful for both novice and experienced researchers' – Patrick White, University of Leicester, UK 'Offering incredibly useful and practical guidance, this book talks through some very recognisable problems whilst giving accessible discussions of complex issues for those new to these topics. With provocative ethical dilemmas and questions posed throughout, it encourages the reader to think critically about ethics processes that are often about interpretation.' - Nathan Hughes, University of Birmingham, UK. Navigating ethical issues throughout your research project can be a confusing and daunting task. But why are ethics so important anyway? Can you anticipate or prepare for ethical dilemmas before they happen? And what can you do if they arise in your research? Doing Ethical Research offers essential advice on how to negotiate ethical considerations at each stage of your project, from the approval application to the final report write-up. In particular, the book: - examines the fundamental importance of ethical research and assessment - explores hot topics of consent, confidentiality and research relationships - includes ethical dilemmas and case studies to show how ethics affect real-life research - gives readers confidence to interpret and critically reflect upon ethical debates Each chapter is packed with clear examples and explanations that are designed to help readers to make their own ethical decisions. It is an essential resource for all researchers, whatever their level or research background.

Handbook of Applied Developmental Science in Sub-Saharan Africa

Author: Amina Abubakar,Fons J.R. van de Vijver

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1493973282

Category: Psychology

Page: 417

View: 5161

This handbook collates research evidence and presents the most up-to-date findings on child development in Sub-Saharan Africa. It discusses complex risk factors and medical conditions affecting childhood outcomes, and spotlights emerging programs for enhancing literacy and cognitive development. The panel of expert contributors offer needed context and knowledge to the discussion of previously understudied topics. Chapters present proven intervention strategies currently in use across the diverse region. In addition, this handbook provides guidelines for culturally sensitive and ethical research that will inform practice and help shape policy goals and initiatives. Topics featured in the Handbook include: · Fatherhood in the African context. · Sibling care-giving and its implications in Sub-Saharan Africa. · Nutritional status, infections, and child development · Diabetes in Sub-Saharan African children. · How to adapt tests for Sub-Saharan Africa. · Interventions aimed at children and caregivers. · A culturally sensitive approach to conducting research and promoting initial literacy development in Africa The Handbook of Applied Developmental Science in Sub-Saharan Africa is a must-have resource for researchers, professionals/scientist-practitioners, and graduate students in child, school, and developmental psychology, as well as pediatrics, social work, public health, and education.

Culturally Responsive Teaching

Theory, Research, and Practice

Author: Geneva Gay

Publisher: Teachers College Press

ISBN: 080777670X

Category: Education

Page: N.A

View: 7519

Geneva Gay is renowned for her contributions to multicultural education, particularly as it relates to curriculum design, professional learning, and classroom instruction. Gay has made many important revisions to keep her foundational, award-winning text relevant for today’s diverse student population, including: new research on culturally responsive teaching, a focus on a broader range of racial and ethnic groups, and consideration of additional issues related to early childhood education. Combining insights from multicultural education theory with real-life classroom stories, this book demonstrates that all students will perform better on multiple measures of achievement when teaching is filtered through students’ own cultural experiences. This perennial bestseller continues to be the go-to resource for teacher professional learning and preservice courses. A Choice Magazine recommended title. “Inspiring! A book every teacher should read. As one of the founders of the field of multicultural education, Gay has updated her exceptional resource for teachers.” —Valerie Ooka Pang, San Diego State University “Gay clearly explains how culturally responsive teaching can be used to dramatically influence the academic achievement of students of color and other marginalized students.” —Carl A. Grant, University of Wisconsin at Madison (of previous edition) “A comprehensive account of the important role that culture plays in the teaching and learning process.” —Urban Education (of previous edition)

Hard Living on Clay Street

Portraits of Blue Collar Families

Author: Joseph T. Howell

Publisher: Waveland PressInc

ISBN: 9780881335262

Category: Social Science

Page: 405

View: 583

This book chronicles the lives of two neighboring families of Howell's as he was part of a team of researchers whose primary objective was to study a lower income white working class community.

Multicultural Issues in Counseling

New Approaches to Diversity

Author: Courtland C. Lee

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119535174

Category: Education

Page: N.A

View: 573

With an emphasis on direct application to practice, this graduate-level text offers strategies for working with diverse client groups in a variety of settings. Introductory chapters build a foundation for cross-cultural counseling with discussions on current theory, the ongoing pursuit of multicultural competence, and the complexities of intersecting identities. Next, 15 chapters designed to help counselors develop their knowledge about and skills with the following populations are presented: African Americans American Indians Arab Americans Asian and Pacific Islanders Economically disadvantaged clients Immigrants Latinx LGBTQ clients Men Military personnel Multiracial individuals Older adults People with disabilities White people of European descent Women Detailed case studies in this section illustrate real-world perspectives on assessment and treatment for an increased understanding of culturally responsive counseling. The final section of the book focuses on ethics and social justice issues. *Requests for digital versions from the ACA can be found on wiley.com. *To request print copies, please visit the ACA website here. *Reproduction requests for material from books published by ACA should be directed to [email protected]

Education and Ethics in the Life Sciences

Strengthening the Prohibition of Biological Weapons

Author: Brian Rappert

Publisher: ANU E Press

ISBN: 1921666390

Category: Science

Page: 222

View: 7087

At the start of the twenty-first century, warnings have been raised in some quarters about how - by intent or by mishap - advances in biotechnology and related fields could aid the spread of disease. Science academics, medical organisations, governments, security analysts, and others are among those that have sought to raise concern. EDUCATION AND ETHICS IN THE LIFE SCIENCES examines a variety of attempts to bring greater awareness to security concerns associated with the life sciences. It identifies lessons from practical initiatives across a wide range of national contexts as well as more general reflections about education and ethics. The eighteen contributors bring together perspectives from a diverse range of fields - including politics, virology, sociology, ethics, security studies, microbiology, and medicine - as well as their experiences in universities, think tanks and government. In offering their assessment about what must be done and by whom, each chapter addresses a host of challenging practical and conceptual questions. EDUCATION AND ETHICS IN THE LIFE SCIENCES will be of interest to those planning and undertaking training activities in other areas. In asking how education and ethics are being made to matter in an emerging area of social unease, it will also be of interest to those with more general concerns about professional conduct.

Ethics in Social Research

Author: Kevin Love

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 1780528787

Category: Social Science

Page: 300

View: 580

This volume supports the ethical negotiations of empirical researchers and enhances understanding of the complex imbrication of ethics and knowledge in contemporary social research. It deals jointly with the role of ethics in, and the effect of ethics on, social research.

Research Ethics for Social Scientists

Author: Mark Israel,Iain Hay

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9781412903905

Category: Social Science

Page: 193

View: 3965

`This is an excellent book which can be recommended both to the professional ethicist seeking to situate research ethics for a social scientific audience and to social scientists seeking an overview of the current ethical landscape of their discipline' - Research Ethics Review Ethics is becoming an increasingly prominent issue for all researchers across the western world. This comprehensive and accessible guide introduces students to the field and encourages knowledge of research ethics in practice. Research Ethics for Social Scientists sets out to do four things: The first is to demonstrate the practical value of thinking seriously and systematically about what constitutes ethical conduct in social science research. Secondly, the text identifies how and why current regulatory regimes have emerged. Thirdly, it seeks to reveal those practices that have contributed to the adversarial relationships between researchers and regulators. Finally, the book hopes to encourage both parties to develop shared solutions to ethical and regulatory problems. Research Ethics for Social Scientists is an excellent introductory text for students as it: - introduces students to ethical theory and philosophy; - provides practical guidance on what ethical theory means for research practice; - provides case studies to give real examples of ethics in research action. The result is an informative, accessible and practical guide to research ethics for any student or researcher in the social sciences.

The Oxford Handbook of International Psychological Ethics

Author: Mark M. Leach

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199739161

Category: Psychology

Page: 490

View: 7954

The Oxford Handbook of International Psychological Ethics is the much-needed comprehensive source of information on psychological ethics from an international perspective. This volume presents cutting-edge research and findings related to recent, current, and future international developments and issues related to psychological ethics.

Culturally Responsive Teaching

Theory, Research, and Practice

Author: N.A

Publisher: Teachers College Press

ISBN: 9780807739556

Category: Education

Page: 251

View: 4090

In this wonderful new volume, Geneva Gay makes a convincing case for using culturally responsive teaching to improve the school performance of underachieving students of color. Key components of culturally responsive teaching discussed include teacher caring, teacher attitudes and expectations, formal and informal multicultural curriculum, culturally informed classroom discourse, and cultural congruity in teaching and learning strategies. This is an excellent resource for anyone who cares about improving and recognizing the factors that shape culturally responsive teaching and learning.