Ethics in Social Science Research

Becoming Culturally Responsive

Author: Maria K. E. Lahman

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1506328636

Category: Social Science

Page: 312

View: 6038

Ethics in Social Science Research: Becoming Culturally Responsive provides a thorough grounding in research ethics, along with examples of real-world ethical dilemmas in working with vulnerable populations. Author Maria K. E. Lahman aims to help qualitative research students design ethically and culturally responsive research with communities that may be very different from their own. Throughout, compelling first person accounts of ethics in human research—both historical and contemporary—are highlighted and each chapter includes vignettes written by the author and her collaborators about real qualitative research projects.

Being an Evaluator

Your Practical Guide to Evaluation

Author: Donna R. Podems

Publisher: Guilford Publications

ISBN: 1462537804

Category: Education

Page: 362

View: 8583

Demystifying the evaluation journey, this is the first evaluation mentoring book that addresses the choices, roles, and challenges that evaluators must navigate in the real world. Experienced evaluator and trainer Donna R. Podems covers both conceptual and technical aspects of practice in a friendly, conversational style. She focuses not just on how to do evaluations but how to think like an evaluator, fostering reflective, ethical, and culturally sensitive practice. Extensive case examples illustrate the process of conceptualizing and implementing an evaluation--clarifying interventions, identifying beneficiaries, gathering data, discussing results, valuing, and developing recommendations. The differences (and connections) between research, evaluation, and monitoring are explored. Handy icons identify instructive features including self-study exercises, group activities, clarifying questions, facilitation and negotiation techniques, insider tips, advice, and resources. Purchasers can access a companion website to download and print reproducible materials for some of the activities and games described in the book.

Doing Cross-Cultural Research

Ethical and Methodological Perspectives

Author: Pranee Liamputtong

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402085672

Category: Social Science

Page: 310

View: 6811

Conducting cross-cultural research is rife with methodological, ethical and moral challenges. Researchers are challenged with many issues in carrying out their research with people in cross-cultural arenas. In this book, I attempt to bring together salient issues for the conduct of culturally appropriate research. The task of undertaking cross-cultural research can present researchers with unique opportunities, and yet dilemmas. The book will provide some thought-provoking points so that our research may proceed relatively well and yet ethical in our approach. The subject of the book is on the ethical, methodological, political understanding and practical procedures in undertaking cross-cultural research. The book will bring readers through a series of questions: who am I working with? What ethical and moral considerations do I need to observe? How should I conduct the research which is culturally appropriate to the needs of people I am researching? How do I deal with language issues? How will I negotiate access? And what research methods should I apply to ensure a successful research process? The book is intended for postgraduate students who are undertaking research as part of their degrees. It is also intended for researchers who are working in cross-cultural studies and in poor nations.

Ethical Challenges in Study Design and Informed Consent for Health Research in Resource-poor Settings

Author: Patricia A. Marshall,Patricia Loomis Marshall,World Health Organization

Publisher: World Health Organization

ISBN: 9241563389

Category: Medical

Page: 79

View: 9521

This review considers ethical challenges to research design and informed consent in biomedical and behavioral studies conducted in resource-poor settings. A review of the literature explores relevant social, cultural, and ethical issues in the conduct of biomedical and social health research in developing countries. Ten case vignettes illustrate ethical challenges that arise in international research with culturally diverse populations. Recommendations for researchers and policy-makers concerned about ethical practices in multinational studies conducted in resource-poor settings are also listed.

Handbook of Applied Developmental Science in Sub-Saharan Africa

Author: Amina Abubakar,Fons J.R. van de Vijver

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1493973282

Category: Psychology

Page: 417

View: 1776

This handbook collates research evidence and presents the most up-to-date findings on child development in Sub-Saharan Africa. It discusses complex risk factors and medical conditions affecting childhood outcomes, and spotlights emerging programs for enhancing literacy and cognitive development. The panel of expert contributors offer needed context and knowledge to the discussion of previously understudied topics. Chapters present proven intervention strategies currently in use across the diverse region. In addition, this handbook provides guidelines for culturally sensitive and ethical research that will inform practice and help shape policy goals and initiatives. Topics featured in the Handbook include: · Fatherhood in the African context. · Sibling care-giving and its implications in Sub-Saharan Africa. · Nutritional status, infections, and child development · Diabetes in Sub-Saharan African children. · How to adapt tests for Sub-Saharan Africa. · Interventions aimed at children and caregivers. · A culturally sensitive approach to conducting research and promoting initial literacy development in Africa The Handbook of Applied Developmental Science in Sub-Saharan Africa is a must-have resource for researchers, professionals/scientist-practitioners, and graduate students in child, school, and developmental psychology, as well as pediatrics, social work, public health, and education.

Cross-Cultural Research with Integrity

Collected Wisdom from Researchers in Social Settings

Author: Linda Miller Cleary

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137263601

Category: Social Science

Page: 278

View: 7410

Drawing on the experience and insights of 70 researchers across 7 countries and from a diverse range of cultures, regions and disciplines, this book explores the issues and ethics involved in cross-cultural research and how such research can be done with integrity.

Education and Ethics in the Life Sciences

Strengthening the Prohibition of Biological Weapons

Author: Brian Rappert

Publisher: ANU E Press

ISBN: 1921666390

Category: Science

Page: 222

View: 5281

At the start of the twenty-first century, warnings have been raised in some quarters about how - by intent or by mishap - advances in biotechnology and related fields could aid the spread of disease. Science academics, medical organisations, governments, security analysts, and others are among those that have sought to raise concern. EDUCATION AND ETHICS IN THE LIFE SCIENCES examines a variety of attempts to bring greater awareness to security concerns associated with the life sciences. It identifies lessons from practical initiatives across a wide range of national contexts as well as more general reflections about education and ethics. The eighteen contributors bring together perspectives from a diverse range of fields - including politics, virology, sociology, ethics, security studies, microbiology, and medicine - as well as their experiences in universities, think tanks and government. In offering their assessment about what must be done and by whom, each chapter addresses a host of challenging practical and conceptual questions. EDUCATION AND ETHICS IN THE LIFE SCIENCES will be of interest to those planning and undertaking training activities in other areas. In asking how education and ethics are being made to matter in an emerging area of social unease, it will also be of interest to those with more general concerns about professional conduct.

Culturally Responsive Teaching

Theory, Research, and Practice

Author: N.A

Publisher: Teachers College Press

ISBN: 9780807739556

Category: Education

Page: 251

View: 9597

In this wonderful new volume, Geneva Gay makes a convincing case for using culturally responsive teaching to improve the school performance of underachieving students of color. Key components of culturally responsive teaching discussed include teacher caring, teacher attitudes and expectations, formal and informal multicultural curriculum, culturally informed classroom discourse, and cultural congruity in teaching and learning strategies. This is an excellent resource for anyone who cares about improving and recognizing the factors that shape culturally responsive teaching and learning.

Die Unsterblichkeit der Henrietta Lacks

Die Geschichte der HeLa-Zellen

Author: Rebecca Skloot

Publisher: Irisiana

ISBN: 3641051754

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 512

View: 1893

Dieses Buch betrifft uns alle Sie waren notwendig, um Fortschritte gegen Krebs und AIDS zu erzielen. Klonen und Genforschung wäre ohne sie nicht möglich gewesen. Kurz: Die größten Erfolge der Medizin der letzten Jahrzehnte basieren auf der Entdeckung der HeLa-Zellen. Hinter dem Kürzel verbirgt sich eine Frau namens Henrietta Lacks. Die Afroamerikanerin aus ärmlichen Verhältnissen starb 1951 jung an Gebärmutterhalskrebs. Zuvor wurden ihr ohne ihr Wissen Zellproben entnommen, die sich überraschenderweise vermehrten. Damit war der entscheidende Durchbruch in der Zellkulturforschung geschafft. Die prämierte Wissenschaftsjournalistin Rebecca Skloot stellt in ihrem brillant verfassten Buch wichtige Jahrzehnte der Medizingeschichte vor und wirft dabei immer wieder ethische Fragen auf. Sie erzählt die tragische Familiengeschichte der Lacks’, die von Rassismus und mangelnden Bildungschancen geprägt ist. Ihr Buch ist eine gekonnte Mischung aus Biografie, Medizingeschichte, Debattenbuch und beachtlichem Enthüllungsjournalismus.

The Handbook of Social Research Ethics

Author: Donna M. Mertens,Pauline E. Ginsberg

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412949181

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 667

View: 4517

Brings together international scholars across the social and behavioural sciences and education to address those ethical issues that arise in the theory and practice of research within the technologically advancing and culturally complex world in which we live.

Planning Ethically Responsible Research

A Guide for Students and Internal Review Boards

Author: Joan E. Sieber

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780803939646

Category: Social Science

Page: 163

View: 8988

"Joan E. Sieber does a good job of giving the reader a brief crash course about the historical context in which ethical concerns in human research arose, subsequent federal regulations, and how IRBs came about and how they work. The author's main purpose, however is to give those involved with social science research the practical knowledge to plan ethically sensitive research; one result of that planning should be that researchers will then have little problem getting their research approved by IRBs. The book achieves that purpose quite well; it deals concretely with basic issues such as privacy and confidentiality, deception, informed consent, assessment of potential research risk and benefits, and problems involving vulnerable populations. . . . The book (also) has a number of features that would make it useful for students as a good addition to a research or an ethics course." --Contemporary Psychology "Joan E. Sieber's book merits reading, rereading, and use as a reference guide by students, seasoned researchers, and research ethics committees." --The Library Quarterly "The writing style is clear, and the book is logically organized, moving from definitions of terms to an overview of general ethical principles applicable to research with humans. The book is user-friendly and offers many concrete examples as well as exercises, case studies, discussion questions, a protocol checklist, and sample consent and assent forms for use with children. An additional strength of the book is its presentation of a model to identify and weigh risk-related factors in social research." --Rehabilitation Nursing Research "This book . . . provide (s) a useful introduction to ethics in research and should serve as a practical handbook for those researchers and members of review boards who need guidance on typical regulations and procedures. This work definitely fills a gap in the literature on research by addressing issues generally not given much attention in research methods textbooks." --Library and Information Science Research "Joan E. Sieber successfully challenges researchers to look at ethical issues in social and behavioral research from different angles and brings up points that are often obscure or difficult to assess. She is to be commended for tackling such a difficult, important, and all to often ignored subject." --Death Studies One of the most important, yet frustrating, aspects of doing social science research is translating ethical principles, especially those required by federal regulations, into valid research methods and procedures. Planning Ethically Responsible Research guides readers through this labyrinth by providing the practical knowledge needed to plan ethically responsible social and behavioral research. This handy volume offers guidelines in each chapter for satisfying federal regulations governing human research and for working with the university's Institutional Review Board (IRB). The book also includes an abundance of useful tools: an introduction to the IRB protocol in which the investigator describes the research to the IRB, addresses its ethical considerations, and indicates the necessary steps to take to comply with legal and ethical requirements; detailed instructions on development of an effective protocol; methods for handling issues of consent, privacy, confidentiality and deception; ways to assess risk and benefit to optimize research outcomes; and how to respect the needs of vulnerable research populations such as children and the urban poor, including those at risk for HIV infection. Professionals and students of research methods, evaluation, psychology, sociology, and nursing will not want to miss this insightful addition to research.

Corpus delicti

Männlichkeit, Rassismus und Kriminalisierung im Alltag jugendlicher Migranten

Author: Susanne Spindler

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783897717381

Category: Children of immigrants

Page: 356

View: 4734

Media Ethics and Social Change

Author: Valerie Alia

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415971997

Category: Social Science

Page: 229

View: 9535

This book introduces students to the challenges of media ethics and socially responsible media practice. Using US and international case studies based on real-life experiences of journalists, newsmakers, policy makers, and consumers, Valerie Alia invites readers to examine the pressing ethical and moral questions faced by the media and develop strategies for ethical problem solving and decision-making.

The Handbook of Social Work Research Methods

Author: Bruce Thyer

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1452278881

Category: Social Science

Page: 672

View: 8225

Click on the Supplements tab above for further details on the different versions of SPSS programs. The canonical Handbook is completely updated with more student-friendly features The Handbook of Social Work Research Methods is a cutting-edge volume that covers all the major topics that are relevant for Social Work Research methods. Edited by Bruce Thyer and containing contributions by leading authorities, this Handbook covers both qualitative and quantitative approaches as well as a section that delves into more general issues such as evidence based practice, ethics, gender, ethnicity, International Issues, integrating both approaches, and applying for grants. New to this Edition More content on qualitative methods and mixed methods More coverage of evidence-based practice More support to help students effectively use the Internet A companion Web site at www.sagepub.com/thyerhdbk2e containing a test bank and PowerPoint slides for instructors and relevant SAGE journal articles for students. This Handbook serves as a primary text in the methods courses in MSW programs and doctoral level programs. It can also be used as a reference and research design tool for anyone doing scholarly research in social work or human services.

Categories and Contexts

Anthropological and Historical Studies in Critical Demography

Author: Simon Szreter,Hania Sholkamy,A. Dharmalingam

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191533696

Category: Social Science

Page: 424

View: 7624

Throughout its history as a social science, demography has been associated with an exclusively quantitative orientation for studying social problems. As a result, demographers tend to analyse population issues scientifically through sets of fixed social categories that are divorced from dynamic relationships and local contexts and processes. This volume questions these fixed categories in two ways. First, it examines the historical and political circumstances in which such categories had their provenance, and, second, it reassesses their uncritical applications over space and time in a diverse range of empirical case studies, encouraging throughout a constructive interdisciplinary dialogue involving anthropologists, demographers, historians, and sociologists. This volume seeks to examine the political complexities that lie at the heart of population studies by focusing on category formation, category use, and category critique. It shows that this takes the form of a dialectic between the needs for clarity of scientific and administrative analysis and the recalcitrant diversity of the social contexts and human processes that generate population change. The critical reflections of each chapter are enriched by meticulous ethnographic fieldwork and historical research drawn from every continent. This volume, therefore, exemplifies a new methodology for research in population studies, one that does not simply accept and re-use the established categories of population science but seeks critically and reflexively to explore, test, and re-evaluate their meanings in diverse contexts. It shows that for demography to realise its full potential it must urgently re-examine and contextualize the social categories used today in population research.

The Ethics of Social Research

Fieldwork, Regulation, and Publication

Author: Joan E. Sieber

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461257220

Category: Psychology

Page: 187

View: 9684

Social scientists are unprepared for many of the ethical problems that arise in their research, and for criticisms of their ethics that seem to ignore such cherished scientific values as objectivity and freedom of inquiry. Yet, they possess method ological talent and insight into human nature that can be used to understand and resolve these problems. The contributors to this book demonstrate that criticism of the ethics of social research can stimulate constructive development of meth odology. Both volumes of The Ethics of Social Research were written for and by social scientists to show how ethical dilemmas arise in the day-to-day conduct of social research and how they can be resolved. The topics discussed in the companion volume include ethical problems that arise in experiments and sample surveys; this book deals with the ethical issues involved in fieldwork and in the regulation and publication of research. With candor and humor, many of the contributors describe lessons they have learned about themselves, their methods, and their research participants. Collectively, they illustrate that both humanists and determinists are likely to encounter ethical dilemmas in their research, albeit different ones, and that a blending of deterministic and humanistic approaches may be needed to solve these dilemmas. The aim of this book is to assist investigators in preparing to meet some of the ethical problems that await the unwary. It offers perspectives, values, and guidelines for anticipating problems and devising solutions.

Introduction to Research in the Health Sciences E-Book

Author: Stephen Polgar,Shane A. Thomas

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0702050164

Category: Medical

Page: 344

View: 3018

Like the previous versions, the fifth edition of An Introduction to Research in the Health Sciences has two overall aims. 1) To introduce the fundamental principles of research methodology and explain how these principles are applied for conducting research in the health sciences. 2) To demonstrate how evidence produced through research is applied to solving problems in everday health care. This book is written in an accessible style. It maintains the traditions of the previous editions, with examples, questions, feedback sections, and an extensive glossary. Uses simple language and demystifies the jargon Provides built-in feedback for readers to assess their own progress Gives examples relating directly to the health sciences Provides an extensive glossary for better understanding of the language of research Addresses qualitative as well as quantitative research issues Includes a chapter focussing on the use of qualitative methods in health research Includes a chapter for discussing systematic reviews and meta-analyses Contains more revision questions Increased emphasis throughout on evidence based concepts More and updated discussion of qualitative research methods New section on basic epidemiological concepts as a research approach More discussion of analysis and use of administrative and secondary data sets as research resources Complete rewrite of the chapter on causal research Stronger links between the sections on different stages of research

Science, Politics and Social Practice

Essays on Marxism and Science, Philosophy of Culture and the Social Sciences In Honor of Robert S. Cohen

Author: Robert Sonné Cohen,Kostas Gavroglu,John Stachel,Marx W Wartofsky,Marx W. Wartofsky

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780792329893

Category: History

Page: 395

View: 5042

In three volumes, a distinguished group of scholars from a variety of disciplines in the natural and social sciences, the humanities and the arts contribute essays in honor of Robert S. Cohen, on the occasion of his 70th birthday. The range of the essays, as well as their originality, and their critical and historical depth, pay tribute to the extraordinary scope of Professor Cohen's intellectual interests, as a scientist-philosopher and a humanist, and also to his engagement in the world of social and political practice. In Science, Politics and Social Practice, (Volume II of Essays in Honor of Robert S. Cohen), an international group of scholars -- philosophers, sociologists, historians, and political scientists -- discuss issues at the cutting edge of contemporary social and political thought, and its bearing on science. Several essays discuss the relations of Marxism to science, and specifically, to the philosophies of science of Carnap and Popper, as well as Soviet Marxism, and the effects of Stalinism on Soviet science. There are also essays on the philosophy and methodology of the social sciences, on questions of method and aim in historical narrative, on the issue of cultural relativism, and more.