European Prison Rules

Author: N.A

Publisher: Council of Europe

ISBN: 9287159823

Category: Law

Page: 132

View: 7960

This publication examines the rules in force in Europe governing prisons and the treatment of prisoners, including the use of force, the selection of prison staff and the protection of prisoners' human rights, based on Recommendation Rec (2006) 2 on the European Prison Rules (which was adopted by the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe in January 2006). It contains the text of the recommendation with a detailed commentary on it, together with a report which considers recent developments and analyses the effectiveness of these rules and of imprisonment as a form of punishment.

Principles of European Prison Law and Policy

Penology and Human Rights

Author: Dirk van Zyl Smit,Sonja Snacken

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780199228430

Category: Law

Page: 488

View: 2024

European prison law and policy has a growing impact. This book explores its development, analyses the penological and human rights foundations on which it is based and lays out general principles that underlie European prison law and policy, emphasising the principle of using imprisonment as a last resort and the recognition of prisoners' rights.

The Treatment of Prisoners

European Standards

Author: J. L. Murdoch

Publisher: Council of Europe

ISBN: 9287159270

Category: Law

Page: 402

View: 9054

At the start of the 21st century, some 2 million Europeans were detained against their will in prisons, police stations, mental health institutions or other detention centres. It is generally recognised that protection against the arbitrary deprivation of liberty and the prevention of ill-treatment reflect the extent to which states respect human rights and human dignity, when these can be jeopardised by demands for security and efficiency. This book describes the European system for the protection of people deprived of their liberty and how this has evolved over the past fifty years. It discusses the different initiatives taken by the Council of Europe in this area, of which the European Convention on Human Rights and the Convention for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment are the most significant.

Research Handbook on the International Penal System

Author: Róisín Mulgrew,Denis Abels

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1783472162

Category: Law

Page: 544

View: 1045

Drawing on the expertise and experience of contributors from a wide range of academic, professional and judicial backgrounds, this handbook critically analyses the laws, policies and practices that govern detention, punishment and the enforcement of sentences in the international criminal justice context. Comprehensive and innovative, it also explores broader normative questions related to international punishment and makes recommendations for the international penal system's development.

Radical Issues in Criminology

Author: Pat Carlen,Mike Collison

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780389200833

Category: Law

Page: 212

View: 6028

This collection of essays deals with central issues relating to the rule of law, individual rights and the politics of penal reform. The issues examined include juvenile justice, criminal violence, feminism and criminology, civil liberties, police powers, justice in prisons and the necessity for social life to be regulated by law. The emphasis throughout is upon specific concrete problems and the formulation of possible solutions. In marked contrast to many radical criminologists, who have fashioned utopian visions of a socialist society untroubled by problems of social regulation, each contributor to this book focuses sharply upon tangible problems and workable alternatives. By eschewing global theories of either crime or law, and by avoiding generalized "radical" recipes for change, these essays provide an important counter-balance to recent libertarian, anarchistic and utopian trends in modern criminology.

Criminal Punishment and Restorative Justice

Past, Present, and Future Perspectives

Author: David J. Cornwell,F. W. M. McElrea,John R. Blad,Robert B. Cormier

Publisher: Waterside Press

ISBN: 1904380204

Category: Law

Page: 190

View: 8405

In Criminal Punishment and Restorative Justice author David J. Cornwell draws on bedrock issues in contemporary criminology and penology in order to contrast punitive and restorative responses to crime. He then looks at the forces that serve to constrain more emphatic adoption of restorative methods and - against a backdrop of increasing worldwide reliance on custody, 'touch solutions' and punitive thinking - examines the claims of restorative justice to mainstream adoption by governments. The book also provides an international perspective on the needs of victims and offenders alike and assesses how the worldwide trend towards punitive methods can be reversed by challenging offenders to take responsibility for their offences and to make practical reparation for the harm that they have caused. Such developments, the author argues, would serve to make 'corrections' more effective, civilised, humane, pragmatic, 'non-fanciful' and less driven by the often ill-considered politics of the moment.

Long-Term Imprisonment and Human Rights

Author: Kirstin Drenkhahn,Manuela Dudeck,Frieder Dünkel

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317684443

Category: Social Science

Page: 394

View: 853

Prisons and imprisonment have become a commonplace topic in popular culture as the setting and rationale for fiction and documentaries and most people seem to have a clear notion of what it is like in prison, ranging from the idea of the prison cell as a cosy nook with fast internet access to that of a dungeon with a hard bed and a diet of bread and water. But what is prison really like? Do prisoners have the same rights as everyone else? What are the similarities and differences between prisons in different European countries? This book answers all of these questions, whilst also presenting cutting-edge research on the living conditions of long-term prisoners in Europe and considering whether these conditions meet international human rights standards. Bringing together leading experts in the field, with comprehensive coverage of the issues in Belgium, Croatia, Denmark, England, Finland, France, Germany, Lithuania, Poland, Spain and Sweden, this book offers the first comparative study on the subject. Whereas past research in this area has concentrated on the Anglo-American experience, this book offers a truly comparative European approach and pays due attention to the differences in prison systems between the post-Soviet countries and continental Europe. This book will be key reading for academics and students of criminology, criminal justice and penology and will also be of interest to students and practitioners of law.

Kriminalsoziologie

Handbuch für Wissenschaft und Praxis

Author: Dieter Hermann,Andreas Pöge

Publisher: Nomos Verlag

ISBN: 3845271841

Category: Social Science

Page: 494

View: 9770

Die Kriminalsoziologie liegt an der Schnittstelle zwischen mehreren Wissenschaftsdisziplinen. Sie behandelt ein Feld, in dem das Thema Kriminalität im Kontext von Gesellschaft und Individuum aus verschiedenen Perspektiven und mit unterschiedlichen Methoden thematisiert wird. Aktuelle Forschungen aus den Kerndisziplinen der Kriminologie und Soziologie sind oftmals mit Fragestellungen aus der Psychologie, Rechtswissenschaft, Pädagogik, Wirtschaftswissenschaft, Theologie und Philosophie verknüpft. Diese Vielfalt hat eine bunte Forschungslandschaft erzeugt, die bislang nicht umfassend dargestellt wurde. Das Handbuch soll dies für ausgewählte Themengebiete leisten. Dazu stellen Expertinnen und Experten eines Fachgebiets ihre aktuellen Forschungsthemen systematisch und umfassend vor. Neben der Aufarbeitung des aktuellen Diskussions- und Forschungsstands liegt ein zusätzlicher Schwerpunkt auf der Präsentation eigener Studien, wobei großer Wert auf eine sehr gute Verständlichkeit gelegt wurde. Mit Beiträgen von Dirk Baier, Thomas Bliesener, Andreas Böttger, Hans-Bernd Brosius, Kai Bussmann, Frieder Dünkel, Stefanie Eifler, Peter Graeff, Volker Grundies, Dieter Hermann, Helmut Hirtenlehner, Dina Hummelsheim-Doss, Hans-Jürgen Kerner, Anna Sophie Kümpel, Heinz Leitgöb, Eva Link, Christiane Micus-Loos, Saskia Niproschke, Dietrich Oberwittler, Christina Peter, Andreas Pöge, Daniela Pollich, Jost Reinecke, Debbie Schepers, Sonja Schulz, Daniel Seddig, Klaus Sessar, Mark Stemmler, Holger Stroezel, Helmut Thome, Angelika Treibel, Christian Walburg, Susanne Wallner, Melanie Wegel, Per-Olof H. Wikström, Michael Windzio.

Criminology and Criminal Policy Movements

Author: Eugenio Raúl Zaffaroni,Edmundo Oliveira

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 0761858520

Category: Law

Page: 476

View: 5549

"These studies recover the historical roots of thinking that are in conflict with, and critical of, present-day tendencies. Criminological theory over the last few decades has oscillated between extremes: on one side there are calls for increasing the state exercise of punitive power as the only means of providing security, in the face of both urban and international rime; while the other side highlights the need for reducing the exercise of punitive power because of the paradoxical effects that it produces. Useful for academics, practitioners, professionals and students, this book will certainly contribute to a wider awareness in crime prevention and criminal justice."--Publisher's website.

Sentencing Policy and Social Justice

Author: Ralph Henham

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0191029041

Category: Law

Page: 320

View: 3277

Sentencing Policy and Social Justice argues that the promotion of social justice should become a key objective of sentencing policy, advancing the argument that the legitimacy of sentencing ultimately depends upon the strength of the relationship between social morality and penal ideology. It sheds light on how shared moral values can influence sentencing policy at a time when relationships of community appear increasingly fragmented, arguing that sentencing will be better placed to make a positive contribution to social justice if it becomes more sensitive to the commonly-accepted moral boundaries that underpin adherence to the 'rule of law'. The need to reflect public opinion in sentencing has received significant attention more recently, with renewed interest in jury sentencing, 'stakeholder sentencing', and the involvement of community views when regulating policy. The author, however, advocates a different approach, combining a new theoretical focus with practical suggestions for reform, and arguing that the contribution sentencing can make to social justice necessitates a fundamental change in the way shared values about the advantages of punishment are reflected in penal ideology and sentencing policy. Using examples from international, comparative and domestic contexts to advance the moral and ethical case for challenging the existing theories of sentencing, the book develops the author's previous theoretical ideas and outlines how these changes could be given practical shape within the context of sentencing in England and Wales. It assesses the consequences for penal governance due to increased state regulation of discretionary sentencing power and examines the prospects for achieving the kind of moral transformation regarded as necessary to reverse such a move. To illustrate these issues each chapter focuses on a particularly problematic area for contemporary sentencing policy; namely, the sentencing of women; the sentencing of irregular migrants; sentencing for offences of serious public disorder; and sentencing for financial crime.

Resisting Punitiveness in Europe?

Welfare, Human Rights and Democracy

Author: Sonja Snacken,Els Dumortier

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136656871

Category: Social Science

Page: 304

View: 8251

This volume provides an important and exciting contribution to the knowledge on punishment across Europe. Over the past decade, punitiveness has been studied through analyses of ‘increased’ or ‘new’ forms of punishment in western countries. Comparative studies on the other hand have illustrated important differences in levels of punitiveness between these countries and have tried to explain these differences by looking at risk and protective factors. Covering both quantitative and qualitative dimensions, this book focuses on mechanisms interacting with levels of punitiveness that seem to allow room for less punitive (political) choices, especially within a European context: social policies, human rights and a balanced approach to victim rights and public opinion in constitutional democracies. The book is split into three sections: Punishment and Welfare. Chapters look into possible lessons to be learned from characteristics and developments in Scandinavian and some Continental European countries. Punishment and Human Rights. Contributions analyze how human rights in Europe can and do act as a shield against – but sometimes also as a possible motor for – criminalization and penalization. Punishment and Democracy. The increased political attention to victims’ rights and interests and to public opinion surveys in European democracies is discussed as a possible risk for enhanced levels of punitiveness in penal policies and evaluated against the background of research evidence about the wishes and expectations of victims of crime and the ambivalence and ‘polycentric consistency’ of public opinion formations about crime and punishments. This book will be a valuable addition to the literature in this field and will be of interest to students, scholars and policy officials across Europe and elsewhere.

Psychology, Law, and Criminal Justice

International Developments in Research and Practice

Author: Graham Davies,Sally Lloyd-Bostock,Mary McMurran,Clare Wilson

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110879484

Category: Psychology

Page: 625

View: 9848

Realist Criminology

Crime Control and Policing in the 1990s

Author: John Lowman,Brian MacLean

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 9780802077028

Category: Social Science

Page: 370

View: 5922

Annotated leading cases of international criminal tribunals

The International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia 2002-2003

Author: André Klip,Göran Sluiter

Publisher: Intersentia Uitgevers N V

ISBN: 9789050955973

Category: Law

Page: 1008

View: 1285

The series Annotated Leading Cases of International Criminal Tribunals is useful for students, scholars, legal practitioners, judges, prosecutors, and defense counsels who are interested in the various legal aspects of the law of the International Crimina

Criminology and Criminal Justice Systems of the World

A Comparative Perspective

Author: Peter O. Nwankwo

Publisher: Trafford Publishing

ISBN: 1426967403

Category: Law

Page: 612

View: 2054

Professor Peter Nwankwo argues based on this textbook volume I, that the world has been turned into a global village, and that we have no reason(s) to ignore the awareness of what is going on in other countries of the world. This textbook "Criminology and criminal Justice System of the world: A comparative perspective" is a unique text, not because of its title, but because it contains what will ever be needed for the undergraduate and graduate students in the field of Criminology and Criminal Justice, especially those taking a course in Comparative Criminal Justice. The text is prodigious and profusely descriptive, explored, and explained by researching the police, the court systems, corrections or prisons, including Juvenile Justice Systems and Crime Statistics in the following countries: United States of America, china, Saudi Arabia, Japan, The Netherlands, Bulgaria, Haiti, Botswana, Philippines, Uganda, and Israel. It is worthy to note that the United States of America had too much information, so it was necessary to split it into two chapters i.e. chapter one, and chapter two. Additionally, The Netherlands was also split into two chapters thus: Chapters 6 & 7: The overall Chapters in this Volume I are thirteen. VOLUME II Volume two of this text contains twenty four chapters and over 24 countries were researched and included as follows, and will be published in a few in a few months .The countries are: Nigeria, Norway, Northern Ireland, England and Wales, Estonia, Ethiopia, Egypt, South America, Mauritania, Jamaica, Iraq, Dominican Republic, Turkey, South Africa, Russia, Kenya, Romania, Congo, Germany, France, Cameroon, Ghana and Denmark. No matter the adversities of the readers and purchasers, I do strongly advice that you order these two volumes together, when the later would be available on the internet or through the publishers.

Prisoners' Rights

Principles and Practice

Author: Susan Easton

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1136817050

Category: Social Science

Page: 304

View: 1264

Prisoners’ Rights: Principles and Practice considers prisoners’ rights from socio-legal and philosophical perspectives, and assesses the advantages and problems of a rights-based approach to imprisonment. At a time of record levels of imprisonment and projected future expansion of the prison population, this work is timely. The discussion in this book is not confined to a formal legal analysis, although it does include discussion of the developing jurisprudence on prisoners’ rights. It offers a socio-legal rather than a purely black letter approach, and focuses on the experience of imprisonment. It draws on perspectives from a range of disciplines to illuminate how prisoners’ rights operate in practice. The text also contributes to debates on imprisonment and citizenship, the treatment of women prisoners, and social exclusion. This book will be of interest to both undergraduate and postgraduate students of penology and criminal justice, as well as professionals working within the penal system.

The Routledge Handbook on Crime and International Migration

Author: Sharon Pickering,Julie Ham

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135924333

Category: Social Science

Page: 448

View: 9010

The Routledge Handbook on Crime and International Migration is concerned with the various relationships between migration, crime and victimization that have informed a wide criminological scholarship often driven by some of the original lines of inquiry of the Chicago School. Historically, migration and crime came to be the device by which Criminology and cognate fields sought to tackle issues of race and ethnicity, often in highly problematic ways. However, in the contemporary period this body of scholarship is inspiring scholars to produce significant evidence that speaks to some of the biggest public policy questions and debunks many dominant mythologies around the criminality of migrants. The Routledge Handbook on Crime and International Migration is also concerned with the theoretical, empirical and policy knots found in the relationship between regular and irregular migration, offending and victimization, the processes and impact of criminalization, and the changing role of criminal justice systems in the regulation and enforcement of international mobility and borders. The Handbook is focused on the migratory ‘fault lines’ between the Global North and Global South, which have produced new or accelerated sites of state control, constructed irregular migration as a crime and security problem, and mobilized ideological and coercive powers usually reserved for criminal or military threats. Offering a strong international focus and comprehensive coverage of a wide range of border, criminal justice and migration-related issues, this book is an important contribution to criminology and migration studies and will be essential reading for academics, students and practitioners interested in this field.