Exchange Systems in Prehistory

Author: T. Earle,J. Ericson

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 148329496X

Category: Social Science

Page: 274

View: 543

Exchange Systems in Prehistory

Prehistoric Exchange Systems in North America

Author: Timothy G. Baugh,Jonathon E. Ericson

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1475762313

Category: Social Science

Page: 456

View: 3478

In this unique volume, archaeologists examine the changing economic structure of trade in North America over a period of 6,000 years. Organined by geographical and chronological divisions, each chapter focuses on trade in one of nine regions from the Arachiac through the late prehistoric period. Each contribution explores neighboring areas to llustrate the complexity of North American exchange. By charting the econmic structure of these regions, archaeologists, economic anthropologists, and economic geographers gain greater insight into the dynamics of North American trade and exchange on a continental wide basis.

Trade and exchange in prehistory

studies in honour of Berta Stjernquist

Author: Berta Stjernquist

Publisher: Coronet Books

ISBN: 9789122012139

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 332

View: 5568

Trade and Exchange in Prehistoric Europe

Proceedings of a Conference Held at the University of Bristol, April 1992

Author: Christopher Scarre,Frances Healy

Publisher: Oxbow Books Limited

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 255

View: 3562

The papers presented at the April 1992 'Trade and Exchange' conference at the University of Bristol are now available in this volume. Contents include: Trade beyond the material (C. Renfrew); Exchange, foraging and local Hominid networks (C. Gamble); Neolithic quarries, the exchange of axes and social control in the southern Vosges (P. Petrequin, F. Jeudy and C. Jeunesse); Trade in Neolithic jadeite axes from the Alps (M. R. Bouard); The polished stone axe in earlier Neolithic Britain (M. Edmonds); Megalithic tombs and Megalithic art in Atlantic Europe (E. S. Twohig); The exchange of obsidian at Neolithic sites in Italy (A. J. Ammerman and C. Polglase); The origin of metal used for making weapons in Early and Middle Minoan Crete (Z. Stos-Gale); The circulation of amber in Prehistoric Europe (C. du Gardin); Europe and the Mediterranean in the Bronze Age (A. Harding); Displacement and Exchange in Archaeological Methodology (S. Needham); East-West Relations in the Paris Basin During the Late Bronze Age (P. Brun); Relations Between Brittany and Great Britain during the Bronze Age (J. Briard); Feasting in the Late Bronze Age (J. G. de Soto); Prehistoric Seafaring in the Channel (S. McGrail); Cheshire Cats, Mickey Mice, the New Europe and Ancient Celtic Art (J. V. S. Megaw and M. R. Megaw); Germans, Celts and Romans in the Late (pre-Roman) Iron Age (A. P. Fitzpatrick); Dependence and idependence in European Prehistory (A. Sherratt).

Analytical Archaeology

Author: David L. Clarke

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317606205

Category: Social Science

Page: 550

View: 8534

This study was well-established as a pioneer work on archaeological methodology, the theoretical basis of all archaeological analysis whatever the period or era. The first edition of the book presented and evaluated the radical changes in methodology which derived from developments in other disciplines, such as cybernetics, computer science and geography, during the 1950s and ‘60s. It argued that archaeology was a coherent discipline with its own methods and procedures and attempted to define the entities (attributes, artefacts, types, assemblages, cultures and culture groups) rigorously and consistently so that they could be applied to archaeological data. The later edition continued the same general theory, which is unparalleled in its scope and depth, adding notes to help understanding of the advances in method and theory to support the student and professional archaeologist. Review of the original publication: "One might venture that this is the most important archaeological work for twenty or thirty years, and it will undoubtedly influence several future generations of archaeologists." The Times Literary Supplement

Archaeological Obsidian Studies

Method and Theory

Author: M. Steven Shackley

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 147579276X

Category: Social Science

Page: 244

View: 7672

This volume is the third in the Advances in Archaeological and Museum Science series sponsored by the Society for Archaeological Sciences (SAS). The purpose of this series is to provide summaries of advances in various topics in ar chaeometry, archaeological science, environmental archaeology, preservation technology, and museum conservation. The SAS exists to encourage interdisciplinary collaboration between archaeologists and colleagues in the natural and physical sciences. SAS mem bers are drawn from many disciplinary fields. However, they all share a common belief that physical science techniques and methods constitute an essential component of contemporary archaeological field and laboratory studies. The series editors wish to thank the reviewers of each of the chapters in this volume for their excellent comments and suggestions. We also wish to thank Chriss jones for her invaluable assistance in the preparation of the texts for submission to the publisher. xi Preface As noted in the introductory chapter, this volume is the second major review of research progress in the study of archaeological obsidian. An earlier book, Advances in Obsidian Glass Studies: Archaeological and Geochemical Perspectives, appeared in 1976. A comparison of the treatment of topics reflected in this earlier work and that contained in this volume not only highlights important advances in the quality and depth of research on archaeological obsidian over more than a quarter of a century but also illustrates more generally some characteristics of developments in the archaeological science field in general.

Physics Methods in Archaeometry

Author: M. Martini,M. Piacentini

Publisher: IOS Press

ISBN: 1614990107

Category: Science

Page: 532

View: 9391

The role of exact sciences in connection with cultural heritage now is well established and a new scientific branch has been generated: Archaeometry. Literally, Archaeometry means measurement on ancient objects. It is a multidisciplinary field of investigations where the rigorous methods of exact sciences give a fundamental contribution to solving the problems associated with conservation and restoration, as well as to the study itself of the cultural heritage. Archaeometry, as a scientific research field, involves interdisciplinary groups formed by scholars of the humanistic area together with scientists: physicists, chemists, mathematicians, biologists, engineers, etc. The primary justification for the need of involving exact sciences in the field which, in the past, traditionally has been exclusive of Art Historians must no doubt be found in the conservation and restoration activities. The second argument which, in the public opinion, justifies the involvement of science with the world of Art is the confidence that scientific methods are infallible in unmasking forgeries. But in our opinion the awareness of the central role of scientific methods as a support for philological and historical investigations is still very little diffuse or, at least, finds it hard to become widespread. Perhaps also because of our mentality, Physics, compared to chemistry, is more apt to find applications in a context free from authentication or conservation implications.

Voyages of Discovery

The Archaeology of Islands

Author: Scott M. Fitzpatrick

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780275979478

Category: History

Page: 309

View: 7533

Synthesizes the major issues in island archaeological research including human impacts on island ecosystems, island colonization, exchange systems, and theoretical and methodological concerns.

The Archaeology of Mediterranean Prehistory

Author: Emma Blake,A. Bernard Knapp

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 140513724X

Category: Social Science

Page: 352

View: 6290

This book offers a comprehensive introduction to the archaeology of Mediterranean prehistory and an essential reference to the most recent research and fieldwork. Only book available to offer general coverage of Mediterranean prehistory Written by 14 of the leading archaeologists in the field Spans the Neolithic through the Iron Age, and draws from all the major regions of the Mediterranean's coast and islands Presents the central debates in Mediterranean prehistory---trade and interaction, rural economies, ritual, social structure, gender, monumentality, insularity, archaeometallurgy and the metals trade, stone technologies, settlement, and maritime traffic---as well as contemporary legacies of the region's prehistoric past Structure of text is pedagogically driven Engages diverse theoretical approaches so students will see the benefits of multivocality

The Archaeology of Slavery

A Comparative Approach to Captivity and Coercion

Author: Lydia Wilson Marshall

Publisher: SIU Press

ISBN: 080933397X

Category: Social Science

Page: 414

View: 5583

The Archaeology of Slavery grapples with both the benefits and complications of a comparative approach to the archaeology of slavery. Contributors from different archaeological subfields, including American, African, prehistoric, and historical, consider how to define slavery, identify it in the archaeological record, and study slavery as a diachronic process that covers enslavement to emancipation and beyond. Themes include how to define slavery, how to identify slavery archaeologically, enslavement and emancipation, and the politics and ethics of slavery-related research.

The Way the Wind Blows

Climate Change, History, and Human Action

Author: Roderick J. McIntosh,Joseph A. Tainter,Susan Keech McIntosh

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231505787

Category: Science

Page: 448

View: 2443

Scientists and policymakers are beginning to understand in ever-increasing detail that environmental problems cannot be understood solely through the biophysical sciences. Environmental issues are fundamentally human issues and must be set in the context of social, political, cultural, and economic knowledge. The need both to understand how human beings in the past responded to climatic and other environmental changes and to synthesize the implications of these historical patterns for present-day sustainability spurred a conference of the world's leading scholars on the topic. The Way the Wind Blows is the rich result of that conference. Articles discuss the dynamics of climate, human perceptions of and responses to the environment, and issues of sustainability and resiliency. These themes are illustrated through discussions of human societies around the world and throughout history.

Dolores Archaeological Program

research designs and initial survey results

Author: Allen E. Kane,David A. Breternitz,Dolores Archaeological Program (U.S.)

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 475

View: 4238

Handbook of Archaeological Methods

Author: Herbert D. G. Maschner,Christopher Chippindale

Publisher: Rowman Altamira

ISBN: 9780759100787

Category: Social Science

Page: 1469

View: 4998

The Handbook of Archaeological Methods comprises 37 articles by leading archaeologists on the key methods used by archaeologists in the field, in analysis, in theory building, and in managing cultural resources. The book is destined to become the key reference work for archaeologists and their advanced students on contemporary archaeological methods.

Making Places in the Prehistoric World

Themes in Settlement Archaeology

Author: Joanna Bruck,Melissa Goodman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135361002

Category: Social Science

Page: 240

View: 9068

This groundbreaking volume addresses issues central to the study of prehistoric settlement including group memory, the transmission of ideology and the impact of mobility and seasonality on the construction of social identity. Building on these themes, the contributors point to new ways of understanding the relationship between settlement and landscape by replacing Capitalist models of spatial relations with more intimate histories of place.

Companion Encyclopedia of Archaeology

Author: Graeme Barker

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415213295

Category: Anthropology

Page: 1219

View: 9851

This comprehensive, fully illustrated Companion answers the need for an in-depth archaeology reference that provides authoritative coverage of this complex and interdisciplinary field. The work brings together the myriad strands and the great temporal and spatial breadth of the field into two thematically organized volumes. In twenty-six authoritative and clearly-written essays, this Companion explores the origins, aims, methods and problems of archaeology. Each essay is written by a scholar of international standing and illustrations complement the text.

Social Transformations in Archaeology

Global and Local Perspectives

Author: Kristian Kristiansen,Michael Rowlands

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134916973

Category: Social Science

Page: 448

View: 817

Social Transformations in Archaeology explores the relevance of archaeology to the study of long-term change and to the understanding of our contemporary world. The articles are divided into: * broader theoretical issues * post-colonial issues in a wide range of contexts * archaeological examination of colonialism with case studies from the Mediterranean in the first millenium BC and historical Africa.

Gender and Material Culture in Archaeological Perspective

Author: Moira Donald,Linda Hurcombe

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: 9780312223984

Category: History

Page: 275

View: 8350

Case studies drawn from many different periods and areas develop concepts and theories as diverse as the social contexts of production and artifact.

Perspectives on Prehistoric Trade and Exchange in California and the Great Basin

Author: Richard E. Hughes

Publisher: University of Utah Press

ISBN: 1607812002

Category: HISTORY

Page: 292

View: 2050

This volume investigates the circumstances and conditions under which trade/exchange, direct access, and/or mobility best account for material conveyance across varying distances at different times in the past.

Islands in Time

Island Sociogeography and Mediterranean Prehistory

Author: Mark Patton

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134799926

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 9242

Islands in Time explores the ecological and cultural development of prehistoric island societies. It considers the prehistory of the Mediterranean and offers an explanation of the effects of isolation on the development of human communities. Evidence is drawn from a broad range of Mediterranean islands including Cyprus, Crete and the Cyclades, Malta, Lipari, Corsica and Sardinia.