Extreme Deviance

Author: Erich Goode,D. Angus Vail

Publisher: Pine Forge Press

ISBN: 1412937221

Category: Social Science

Page: 233

View: 2710

Most primary deviation is of transitory significance and involves a fairly insignificant punishment. Extreme Deviance focuses on behavior, beliefs, and traits that are so serious as to generate, in the words of Edwin Lemert, secondary deviation. Editors Erich Goode and D. Angus Vail tunnel to the core of the subject by emphasizing a set of central lessons, offering edgy, pedagogically dramatic illustrations of principles that are contained in no other collection of readings. The book is complete with vocabularies of motive, deviance neutralization, the acquisition of a deviant identity, and the formation of a deviance subculture.

Langweiliges Verbrechen

Warum KriminologInnen den Umgang mit Kriminalität interessanter finden als Kriminalität

Author: Helge Peters,Michael Dellwing

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3531934023

Category: Social Science

Page: 215

View: 5442

Crime ist – neben Sex – ein spannendes Thema. Die Boulevardpresse bestätigt das täglich. Gerade aber eine wachsende Zahl von KriminologInnen sieht das anders. Sie finden das Verbrechen langweilig. Kriminalität ist für sie das Ergebnis von Etikettierungen. Und diese Etikettierungen interessieren sie – unter interaktionstheoretischen, sozial-ökologischen, polit-ökonomischen und herrschaftssoziologischen Gesichtspunkten. Die Wahrnehmungs- und Bedeutsamkeitsdifferenzen zwischen einem Großteil der KriminalwissenschaftlerInnen und großen Teilen der Bevölkerung sind größer geworden. Der Band gibt viele Antworten auf die mit diesen Entwicklungen gestellten Fragen.

Deviance and Deviants

A Sociological Approach

Author: William E. Thompson,Jennifer C. Gibbs

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118604695

Category: Social Science

Page: 336

View: 9344

This comprehensive and engaging textbook provides a fresh and sociologically-grounded examination of how deviance is constructed and defined and what it means to be classed a deviant. Covers an array of deviances, including sexual, physical, mental, and criminal, as well as deviances often overlooked in the literature, such as elite deviance, cyber-deviance, and deviant occupations Examines the popular notions and pseudoscientific explanations upon which the most pervasive myths surrounding deviance and deviants are founded Features an analytical through-line assessing the complex and multifaceted relationship between deviance and the media Enhanced with extensive pedagogical features, including a glossary of key terms, lists of specific learning outcomes in each chapter, and critical thinking questions designed to assess those outcomes Comprehensive instructor ancillaries include PowerPoint slides, a test bank for each chapter, instructor outlines, and sample activities and projects; a student study guide also is available

The Death and Resurrection of Deviance

Current Ideas and Research

Author: M. Dellwing,J. Kotarba,N. Pino

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137303808

Category: Social Science

Page: 327

View: 2760

Are reports of the 'death of deviance' premature? This collection brings together leading international scholars to analyse uses of the 'deviance' concept to argue its vitality and show its possible utility in a variety of fields including religion, education and media narratives.

Sex Crimes

Case Histories of Extreme Deviance and Perversion

Author: Dr. Garth Mundinger-Klow

Publisher: Disruptive Publishing

ISBN: 1608722996

Category: Fiction

Page: N.A

View: 4700

ILLEGAL PASSION! Dr. Mundinger-Klow says this was his most difficult study yet, as his own morals and decorum were challenged when it came to the study of human sexuality. The good doctor takes a ride through the ruins of depravity and sinful debauchery, capturing case histories of those who either committed or were on the receiving end of a sex crime: forced sensuality in the backwoods, kidnapping and gutter lust in London, sexual blackmail and lustful revenge, shameful passions at the hands of a bad uncle...and let’s not forget that strange deviant desire some people have to make love to dead bodies. Mundinger-Klow captures... RAW GUTTER LUST AND FILTH!

Down to Earth Sociology: 14th Edition

Introductory Readings, Fourteenth Edition

Author: James M. Henslin

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 1439108951

Category: Social Science

Page: 624

View: 2584

For thirty-five years and through thirteen editions, Jim Henslin's Down to Earth Sociology has opened new windows onto the social realities that shape our world. Now in its fourteenth edition, the most popular anthology in sociology includes new articles on our changing world while also retaining its classic must-read essays. Focusing on social interaction in everyday life, the forty-six selections bring students face-to-face with the twin projects of contemporary sociology: understanding the individual's experience of society and analyzing social structure. The fourteenth edition's exceptional new readings include selections on the role of sympathy in everyday life, mistaken perceptions of the American family, the effects of a criminal record on getting a job, and the major social trends affecting our future. Together with these essential new articles, the selections by Peter Berger, Herbert Gans, Erving Goffman, Donna Eder, Zella Luria, C. Wright Mills, Deborah Tannen, Barrie Thorne, Sidney Katz, Philip Zimbardo, and many others provide firsthand reporting that gives students a sense of "being there." Henslin also explains basic methods of social research, providing insight into how sociologists explore the social world. The selections in Down to Earth Sociology highlight the most significant themes of contemporary sociology, ranging from the sociology of gender, power, politics, and religion to the contemporary crises of racial tension, crime, rape, poverty, and homelessness.

Equality, Moral Incentives, and the Market

An Essay in Utopian Politico-Economic Theory

Author: Joseph H. Carens

Publisher: Joseph H. Carens

ISBN: 0226092690

Category: Philosophy

Page: 252

View: 724

The book argues that by relying on moral incentives it is possible, in principle, to separate the organizational advantages of the market from its distributional disadvantages. In theory, we can imagine a politico-economic system that distributes income equally (or on some other principle) but has all the efficiency characteristics of a capitalist market system. This shows that the market can provide an institutional mechanism for realizing ideals of distributive justice. The book provides a theoretical model of the system, identifying its requirements. It then offers arguments from empirical social science about why the model should work under appropriate conditions.

The Syntactic Phenomena of English

Author: James D. McCawley

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226556277

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 809

View: 7080

This second edition of James D. McCawley's classic textbook offers in one volume a complete course in the syntactic structure of English. New to this edition are sections on appositive constructions, parasitic gaps, contrastive negation, and comparative conditional sentences, as well as expanded coverage of cleft sentences and free relatives. The presentation is coherent, comprehensive, and systematically organized, beginning with an overview of McCawley's approach to syntactic analysis and progressing through the major constructions and processes of English grammar. No prior special knowledge of syntax is presupposed, and the number and variety of exercises after each chapter have been increased. And now available from the author! Answers to Selected Exercises. Instructors using James D. McCawley's The Syntactic Phenomena of English, Second Edition may request a complimentary copy of Answers to Selected Exercises in The Syntactic Phenomena of English by writing on their department's letterhead to the author, James D. McCawley, Department of Linguistics, 1010 E. 59th Street, Chicago, IL 60637. [Note: This material is available only from the author and is not available from the University of Chicago Press.]

Moving Into Adolescence

The Impact of Pubertal Change and School Context

Author: Roberta G. Simmons,Dale A. Blyth

Publisher: AldineTransaction

ISBN: 0202367436

Category: Social Science

Page: 441

View: 2473

From the sociological point of view, adolescence traditionally has been described as a period of physical maturity and social immaturity. Adolescents reach physical adulthood before they are capable of functioning well in adult social roles. The disjunction between physical capabilities and socially allowed independence and power and the concurrent status ambiguities are viewed as stressful for the adolescent in modern Western society. It has been assumed that the need to disengage from parents during these years will result in high levels of rebellion and parent-child conflict. Moving into Adolescence follows students as they make a major life course transition from childhood into early adolescence. Substantial controversy has been generated within the behavioral sciences concerning the difficulty of adolescence as a transitional period. On the one hand, there are those who characterize the period as an exceptionally and necessarily stressful time in the life course. On the other hand, many investigators treat this view of adolescence as their straw man. To them, the supposed tumult of adolescence is just that--supposed and mythical. The purpose of this book is to study the transition from childhood into early and middle adolescence in order to investigate change along a wide variety of psychosocial dimensions with a particular focus on the self-image. The authors investigate the impact of timing of pubertal change and also the movement from an intimate, elementary school context into a large-scale secondary school environment. The first major movement into a large-scale organizational context may cause difficulty for the child, as may the dramatic changes of puberty. In addition, gender differences and changes in gender differences are studied. Both short- and long-term consequences of transition are examined focusing on is the role of pubertal change and school transition.

Anatomy of the Red Brigades

The Religious Mind-set of Modern Terrorists

Author: Alessandro Orsini

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9780801461392

Category: Political Science

Page: 317

View: 8857

The Red Brigades were a far-left terrorist group in Italy formed in 1970 and active all through the 1980s. Infamous around the world for a campaign of assassinations, kidnappings, and bank robberies intended as a "concentrated strike against the heart of the State," the Red Brigades' most notorious crime was the kidnapping and murder of Italy's former prime minister Aldo Moro in 1978. In the late 1990s, a new group of violent anticapitalist terrorists revived the name Red Brigades and killed a number of professors and government officials. Like their German counterparts in the Baader-Meinhof Group and today's violent political and religious extremists, the Red Brigades and their actions raise a host of questions about the motivations, ideologies, and mind-sets of people who commit horrific acts of violence in the name of a utopia. In the first English edition of a book that has won critical acclaim and major prizes in Italy, Alessandro Orsini contends that the dominant logic of the Red Brigades was essentially eschatological, focused on purifying a corrupt world through violence. Only through revolutionary terror, Brigadists believed, could humanity be saved from the putrefying effects of capitalism and imperialism. Through a careful study of all existing documentation produced by the Red Brigades and of all existing scholarship on the Red Brigades, Orsini reconstructs a worldview that can be as seductive as it is horrifying. Orsini has devised a micro-sociological theory that allows him to reconstruct the group dynamics leading to political homicide in extreme-left and neonazi terrorist groups. This "subversive-revolutionary feedback theory" states that the willingness to mete out and suffer death depends, in the last analysis, on how far the terrorist has been incorporated into the revolutionary sect. Orsini makes clear that this political-religious concept of historical development is central to understanding all such self-styled "purifiers of the world." From Thomas Müntzer's theocratic dream to Pol Pot's Cambodian revolution, all the violent "purifiers" of the world have a clear goal: to build a perfect society in which there will no longer be any sin and unhappiness and in which no opposition can be allowed to upset the universal harmony. Orsini's book reconstructs the origins and evolution of a revolutionary tradition brought into our own times by the Red Brigades.

Social Deviance

Author: Stuart Henry

Publisher: Polity

ISBN: 0745643043

Category: Political Science

Page: 144

View: 7735

This engaging introduction explores the meaning of social deviance in contemporary society, from criminal activity to alternative lifestyle choices. Stuart Henry traces the path by which we create deviance: how we single out behavior and appearances that differ from the norm , label them as offensive or unacceptable, and condemn them. It explains what kinds of behaviors are banned and who bans them, as well as exposing the important political influences on the social codes that lead to some people s behavior being sanctioned and others being celebrated. Ultimately Social Deviance reveals the underlying process by which some people get sucked into deviant lifestyles from which there appears to be no escape, highlighting the central role of social stigma on a person s identity. At its core this book looks at who becomes deviant and why. It delves into the multiple motives that cause rule breakers to behave badly, at least in the eyes of those they offend, and it reveals the way deviants think about their actions, their moral identity and their fellow moral outcasts.

Moral Panics

The Social Construction of Deviance

Author: Erich Goode,Nachman Ben-Yehuda

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781444307931

Category: Social Science

Page: 320

View: 8556

Packed with new examples and material, this second edition providesa fully up-to-date exploration of the genesis, dynamics, and demiseof moral panics and their impacts on the societies in which theytake place. Packed with updated and recent examples including terrorism,the 9/11 attack on the World Trade Towers, school shootings, flagburning, and the early-2000s resurgence of the “sexslave” scare Includes a new chapter on the media, currently regarded as amajor component of the moral panic Devotes a chapter to addressing criticisms of the first editionas well as the moral panics concept itself Written by long-established experts in the field Designed to fit both self-contained courses on moral panics andwider courses on deviance

Captive

One House, Three Women and Ten Years in Hell

Author: Allan Hall

Publisher: Penguin UK

ISBN: 0241003628

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

View: 9446

One monster. Three innocent girls. Ten years in captivity. 22 August 2002: 21-year-old Michelle Knight disappears walking home. 21 April 2003: Amanda Berry goes missing the day before her seventeenth birthday. 2 April 2004: 14-year-old Gina DeJesus fails to come home from school. For over a decade these girls remained undetected in a house just three miles from the block where they all went missing, held captive by a terrifying sexual predator. Tortured, starved and raped, kept in chains, Captive reveals the dark obsessions that drove Ariel Castro to kidnap and enslave his innocent victims. Based on exclusive interviews with witnesses, psychologists, family and police, this is an unflinching record of a truly shocking crime in a very ordinary neighbourhood. Allan Hall was a New York correspondent for ten years, first for the Sun and later for the Daily Mirror. He has spent the last decade covering German-speaking Europe for newspapers including The Times and the Mail on Sunday. He is the author of two previous books, Monster, an investigation into the life and crimes of Josef Fritzl and Girl in the Cellar: The Natascha Kampusch Story. He lives and works in Berlin.

Law and Justice as Seen on TV

Author: Elayne Rapping

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 9780814775608

Category: Law

Page: 309

View: 6062

Historians consider the previous century to have been one of the most violent periods in human history. As we move into an era where violence is sanitized and normalized in the media, and depicted as glamorous and fun, how will we relate to the violence in our midst? Why do people and their governments choose to engage in violent activity? How to peaceful people who live under violent conditions such as warfare or domestic abuse make sense of it? Catherine Besteman tackles these questions in this multi-disciplinary anthology that explores the topic of violence from a wide variety of perspectives. The first section focuses on state violence and deals with nationalism, warmaking and the Nazi genocide. The second section treats the question of anti-state violence with essays on the IRA, Sihk rebels and the paramilitary conflict in the Balkans. The third section examines criminal violence such as armed robbery, murder and sexual assualt while the final section explores how ordinary citizens respond when their societies are suffused with violence. Combining classic essays by Max Weber and Hannah Arendt, with contemporary treatments by leading scholars such as Michael Taussig and Julie Peteet, this anthology is designed for course use and is accessible to undergraduate and graduate students. Contributors: Max Weber, Charles Tilly, Hannah Arendt, Zygmunt Bauman, Martha Crenshaw, Deborah Poole, Cynthia Mahmood, Begonia Aretxaga, Rhonda Copelon, Jack Katz, Deborah Cameron, Elizabeth Fraser, Michael Taussig, Julie Peteet, Nancy Scheper-Hughes, and Carolyn Nordstrom.

Emotions, Decision-Making and Mass Atrocities

Through the Lens of the Macro-Micro Integrated Theoretical Model

Author: Dr Olaoluwa Olusanya

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1472431057

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 154

View: 3505

This book rehumanizes perpetrators of mass atrocities. At present a victim/perpetrator dichotomy appears to be the dominant paradigm: perpetrators have either been ‘mechanistically dehumanized’, that is, perceived as unemotional, hard-hearted and conforming and thereby lacking the core features of human nature or alternatively, they have been ‘animalistically dehumanized’. In other words they are seen as immoral, unintelligent, lacking self-control and likened to animals. Within sociology and criminology the dominant view is that genocide and other mass atrocities are committed by technologically-lobotomized perpetrators. Somehow the process of rationalization is believed to have transformed these people from emotionally healthy people into hollow soulless shells of human beings or zombies, devoid of a full range of normal emotions. These people are considered bereft of any ability to reason, think or feel, yet ambulant and able to respond to surrounding stimuli. However it is difficult to imagine crime (especially those involving a group of people working together for the duration of a particular criminal activity) without emotions. For instance, there is ample evidence suggesting that both crimes of passion and pre-meditated crimes involve emotional arousal. Furthermore, research in fields such as evolutionary biology, psychology and sociology of work and organizations suggest that emotions are essential for human progress and survival. In addition, emotions help us make the right call in risky and uncertain situations, in other words, the majority of real life situations. There is, therefore, a need to revisit existing assumptions around the role of emotions in mass atrocities.

Emotionally Disturbed Children

Proceedings of the Annual Study Conference of the Association of Workers for Maladjusted Children, Edinburgh, August 1965

Author: S. M. Maxwell

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483136760

Category: Social Science

Page: 64

View: 8918

Emotionally Disturbed Children is a collection of papers presented at the Proceedings of the Annual Study Conference of the Association of Workers for Maladjusted Children held in Edinburgh in August 1965. This collection of papers studies the different approaches in dealing with the problems of maladjustment in school children. This book describes the different maladjustment problems found in Scotland, in Sweden, and in the Scandinavian countries. For example, a paper discusses the educational system in Sweden, in Norway, and in Denmark. This book also examines the differences in problems, conditions, and methods of treatment used in these countries. This text discusses the readiness of pupils to attend schools; the methods developed in the education of maladjusted children; and the regulations that are prescribed to deal with disciplinary measures. This book then enumerates the kinds of disciplinary problems found in Scandinavian schools as focusing on increased group activity and on the new Education Act. The philosophy of a pupil-centered establishment points to the rise of student welfare and institutions such as the Child Guidance Clinics and the Child Welfare organization. This book then discusses the concept of prevention as a primary element in the somatic field of child care in Denmark and the day care approach in addressing emotional disturbed children in Glasgow. This compendium is suitable for child psychiatrists, school administrators, guidance counselors, psychologists, and education ministry officials.

The Professional Serial Killer and the Career of Ted Bundy

An Investigation into the Macabre Id-Entity of the Serial Killer

Author: Bonnie M. Rippo Psy. D.

Publisher: iUniverse

ISBN: 0595867200

Category: True Crime

Page: 92

View: 6064

In the pages of The Professional Serial Killer and the Career of Ted Bundy, you will find yourself eerily intrigued as the serial killer introduces himself to you. Say hello to your neighbor, partner, son, or daughter-whose dual identity now includes the facade of Politician, Clergyman, Lawyer, Contractor, or Compliance Officer. Your imagination will spark as you slowly but gradually become enamored to the serial killer's ingenuity, as an entrepreneur in the art of murder. Now that you are chillingly mesmerized by his charm, the serial killer takes great pleasure in his sting operation. Thrilled as he passionately and addictively perfects his art, the killer creatively refines his ruse for capturing his victims. In order to inflict the highest level of horror and pain each scene is designed to give the killer an ultimate high of sadistic pleasure. As you reel back and forth, from the disdain you feel for the killer, a sudden and unsuspecting sinking feeling erupts through your very being. The sensation that this is not a horror movie, illuminates your mind, and grasps your fascination with the question: How did this happen? A more intriguing question may be: When did this start? You may want to ask three-year old Ted Bundy.

Searching for Close Encounters with Aliens

Author: Janna Silverstein,Ian M. Goldfarb

Publisher: The Rosen Publishing Group, Inc

ISBN: 1448847613

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 64

View: 1176

Describes witnesses' accounts of alleged alien spacecraft sightings and abductions; explains the accounts using historical examples of strange sightings; and details extraterrestrial references in art, literature, and the media.

Working with Older Persons

Cognitive and Phenomenological Methods

Author: Edmund Sherman

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401174172

Category: Social Science

Page: 244

View: 5544

The essential purpose of this book is to provide practitioners and students of the human service professions with a practice approach and methodology that has been developed over the past ten years in both research and clinical work with older persons. It is concerned with the kinds of emotional prob lems that are salient and pervasive in the second half of life, that is, from about the ages of 50 on into the 60s, 70s, and 80s. These problems are often related to inevitable developmental and situational events and losses, as well as the decrements and concerns that are prevalent in the latter decades of life: physical decline and illness, loss of loved ones, concerns about one's own mortality, loss of major occupational and family roles, and the issues of meaning in and about one's life which are raised by these losses and concerns. The approach to these problems will include a range of assessment and treatment methods for counseling and psychotherapy. It will, however, em phasize two particular kinds of methods for dealing with these problems. The first of these, cognitive methods, tend to focus on how older persons think about or construe these problems whereas phenomenological methods focus on how persons experience or feel about them. What is common to both is that they are oriented toward the person's perception of the prob lem.

Taming Passion for the Public Good

Policing Sex in the Early Republic

Author: Mark E. Kann

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 0814770193

Category: History

Page: 248

View: 4913

“Kann's latest tour de force explores the ambivalence, during the founding of our nation, about whether political freedom should augur sexual freedom. Tracing the roots of patriarchal sexual repression back to revolutionary America, Kann asks highly contemporary questions about the boundaries between public and private life, suggesting, provocatively, that political and sexual freedom should go hand in hand.” —Ben Agger, University of Texas at Arlington The American Revolution was fought in the name of liberty. In popular imagination, the Revolution stands for the triumph of populism and the death of patriarchal elites. But this is not the case, argues Mark E. Kann. Rather, in the aftermath of the Revolution, America developed a society and system of laws that kept patriarchal authority alive and well—especially when it came to the sex lives of citizens. In Taming Passion for the Public Good, Kann contends that that despite the rhetoric of classical liberalism, the founding generation did not trust ordinary citizens with extensive liberty. Under the guise of paternalism, they were able simultaneously to retain social control while espousing liberal principles, with the goal of ultimately molding the country into the new American ideal: a moral and orderly citizenry that voluntarily did what was best for the public good. Mark E. Kann, Professor Emeritus of Political Science and History, held the USC Associates Chair in Social Science at the University of Southern California. He is the author of Republic of Men (NYU Press, 1998) and Punishment, Prisons, and Patriarchy (NYU Press, 2005).