Farm-Level Modelling

Techniques, Applications and Policy

Author: Shailesh Shrestha,Andrew Barnes,Bouda Vosough Ahmadi

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 1780644280

Category: Science

Page: 238

View: 7343

Agriculture is the product of a complex mixture of behavioural, biophysical and market drivers. Understanding how these factors interact to produce crops and livestock for food has been the focus of economic investigation for many years. The advent of optimisation algorithms and the exponential growth in computing technology has allowed significant growth in mathematical modelling of the dynamics of agricultural systems. The complexity of approaches has grown in parallel with the availability of data at increasingly finer resolutions. Farm-level models have been widely used in agricultural economic studies to understand how farmers and land owners respond to market and policy levers. This book provides an in-depth description of different methodologies and techniques currently used in farm-level modelling. While giving an overview of the theoretical grounding behind the models, an applied approach is also used. Case studies range from the application of modelling to policy reforms and the subsequent impacts on rural communities and food supply. This book also provides descriptions of the use of farm-level models in much wider fields such as aggregation and linking with sectoral models. Its purpose is to show the reader the methods that have been employed to inform decision-makers about how to improve the economic, social and environmental goals required to achieve the aims of multidimensional policy.

Farm-Level Microsimulation Modelling

Author: Cathal O'Donoghue

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 331963979X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 362

View: 2406

This book, which is the first to be published in the emerging field of farm-level microsimulation, highlights the different methodological components of microsimulation modelling: hypothetical, static, dynamic, behavioural, spatial and macro–micro. The author applies various microsimulation-based methodological tools to farms in a consistent manner and, supported by a set of Stata codes, undertakes analysis of a wide range of farming systems from OECD countries. To these case studies, O’Donoghue incorporates farming policies such as CAP income support payments, agri-environmental schemes, forestry planting incentives and biomass incentives – in doing so, he illuminates the merits of microsimulation in this environment.

Applications of Systems Approaches at the Farm and Regional Levels

Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Systems Approaches for Agricultural Development, held at IRRI, Los Banos, Philippines, 6–8 December 1995

Author: P.S. Teng,M.J. Kropff,H.F.M. ten Berge,J.B. Dent,F.P. Lansigan,H.H. Van Laar

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401154163

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 468

View: 2230

Systems approaches for agricultural development are needed to determine rational strategies for the role of agriculture in national development. Mathematical models and computer simulation provide objective tools for applying science to determine and evaluate options for resource management at field, farm and regional scales. However, these tools would not be fully utilizable without incorporating social and economic dimensions into their application. The second international symposium, Systems Approaches for Agricultural Development, held in Los Baños, 6-8 December 1995, fostered this link between the bio-physical sciences and the social sciences in the choice of keynote papers and oral presentations, a selection of which is included in this book. The book's contents further reflect how systems approaches have definitely moved beyond the research mode into the application mode. The large number and high quality of interdisciplinary research projects reported from different parts of the globe, to determine land use options that will meet multiple goals and yet sustain natural resource bases, is a key indicator of this `coming of age'. At the farm level, where trade-off decisions between processes and products (commodities) feature strongly, much progress is also evident in the development of systems-based tools for decision making. This book will be of particular interest to all agricultural scientists and planners, as well as students interested in multidisciplinary and holistic approaches for agricultural development.

Climate Change Challenges and Adaptations at Farm-level

Case Studies from Asia and Africa

Author: Naveen P Singh,Cynthia Bantilan,Kattarkandi Byjesh,Swamikannu Nedumaran

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 1780644639

Category: Science

Page: 232

View: 2244

This book emphasis the role of farm level adaptation as a key in developmental pathways that are challenged by climate risks in the semi-arid tropics of Asia and Africa. It throws light on key issues that arise in farm level impacts, adaptation and vulnerability to climate change and discusses Q2 methodological approaches undertaken in study domains of Asia and Africa. The book systematically describes the perceptions, aspirations as elicited/voiced by the farmers and identifies determinants of adaptation decisions. Chapters identify constraints and opportunities that are translated into indicative intervention recommendations towards climate resilient farm households in the semi-arid tropics of Asia and Africa. Furthermore, it discusses with evidences that contributes to the development of livelihood strategy for poor farmers in Asia (Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam and China) and Africa (Burkina Faso, Niger, Kenya and Ghana).

Carbon Pricing

Early Experience and Future Prospects

Author: John Quiggin,David Adamson,Daniel Quiggin

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1782547746

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 208

View: 2529

In 2012, Australia took the major step of introducing a carbon price, involving the creation of a system of emissions permits initially issued at a fixed price. Carbon Pricing brings together experts instrumental in the development, and operation, of A

Handbook on Climate Change and Agriculture

Author: Ariel Dinar,Robert O. Mendelsohn

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 0857939866

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 515

View: 3367

Ô. . . this book is a very useful resource for the lawyer. . . makes a good start by presenting a wide-ranging portfolio of multidisciplinary research that will assist in progressing the task, challenging though it may be.Õ Ð Chris Rodgers, Environmental Liability This book explores the interaction between climate change and the agriculture sector. Agriculture is essential to the livelihood of people and nations, especially in the developing world; therefore, any impact on it will have significant economic, social, and political ramifications. Scholars from around the world and from various fields have been brought together to explore this important topic. The contributions found here analyze direct agronomic effects, the economic impacts on agriculture, agricultural impacts on the economy, agricultural mitigation, and farmer adaptation. The authors argue that climate change is likely to have an extensive impact on agriculture around the world through changes in temperature, precipitation, concentrations of carbon dioxide, and available water flows. This thorough and timely volume is an invaluable resource for anyone interested in exploring the impacts of climate change in arguably the most important sector of the world economy. Economists, agronomists, and climate modelers in academia and the public sector, policy analysts and development agency staff, and graduate/postgraduate students will find this remarkable volume a welcome addition to their collection.

Economic Policy and Sustainable Land Use

Recent Advances in Quantitative Analysis for Developing Countries

Author: Nico Heerink,Herman van Keulen,Marijke Kuiper

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783790813517

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 376

View: 3665

The book provides an overview of quantitative approaches to analyse the effects of economic policy reforms on sustainable land use in developing countries. It illustrates recent advances in modelling approaches at the plot, household, regional and national level. Special attention is paid to the influence of market failures and other aspects of the institutional environment on the policy-response of households in developing countries, and to problems of linking biophysical and economic models. Four key issues in quantifying relationships between economic policy and agricultural land use are used to compare the different modelling approaches. The book concludes with suggestions for future research aiming at increasing our understanding of the impact of policy instruments on soil quality.

Manure Management for Water Quality

Costs to Animal Feeding Operations of Applying Manure Nutrients to Land

Author: Marc Ribaudo

Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 9781422317693

Category:

Page: 90

View: 624

Nutrients from livestock & poultry manure are key sources of water pollution. Ever-growing numbers of animals per farm & per acre have increased the risk of water pollution. New Clean Water Act regulations compel the large confined animal producers to meet nutrient application standards when applying manure to the land, & USDA encourages all animal feeding operations to do the same. The additional costs for managing manure (such as hauling manure off the farm) have implications for feedgrain producers & consumers as well. This report¿s farm level analysis examines onfarm technical choice & producer costs across major U.S. production areas for hauling manure to the minimum amount of land needed to assimilate manure nutrients. Illustrations.

Applications of Systems Approaches at the Farm and Regional Levels

Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Systems Approaches for Agricultural Development, held at IRRI, Los Banos, Philippines, 6–8 December 1995

Author: Paul Teng,M.J. Kropff,H.F.M. ten Berge,J.B. Dent,F.P. Lansigan,H.H. Van Laar

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9780792342854

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 468

View: 1410

Systems approaches for agricultural development are needed to determine rational strategies for the role of agriculture in national development. Mathematical models and computer simulation provide objective tools for applying science to determine and evaluate options for resource management at field, farm and regional scales. However, these tools would not be fully utilizable without incorporating social and economic dimensions into their application. The second international symposium, Systems Approaches for Agricultural Development, held in Los Baños, 6-8 December 1995, fostered this link between the bio-physical sciences and the social sciences in the choice of keynote papers and oral presentations, a selection of which is included in this book. The book's contents further reflect how systems approaches have definitely moved beyond the research mode into the application mode. The large number and high quality of interdisciplinary research projects reported from different parts of the globe, to determine land use options that will meet multiple goals and yet sustain natural resource bases, is a key indicator of this `coming of age'. At the farm level, where trade-off decisions between processes and products (commodities) feature strongly, much progress is also evident in the development of systems-based tools for decision making. This book will be of particular interest to all agricultural scientists and planners, as well as students interested in multidisciplinary and holistic approaches for agricultural development.

Issues in Agribusiness and Agricultural Economics: 2011 Edition

Author: N.A

Publisher: ScholarlyEditions

ISBN: 1464967202

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 324

View: 5846

Issues in Agribusiness and Agricultural Economics: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Agribusiness and Agricultural Economics. The editors have built Issues in Agribusiness and Agricultural Economics: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Agribusiness and Agricultural Economics in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Agribusiness and Agricultural Economics: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Modelling Nutrient Digestion and Utilisation in Farm Animals

Author: D. Sauvant,J. van Milgen,P. Faverdin,N. Friggens

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 908686712X

Category: Science

Page: 430

View: 9733

For more than 30 years, modelling has been an important method for integrating, in a flexible, comprehensive and widely applicable way, basic knowledge and biological concepts on digestion and metabolism in farm animals. The purpose of this book is to present the 'state of art' in this area. The chapters are written by leading teams and researchers in this field of study, mainly from Europe, North America and Australasia. Considerable progress has been made in topics dealing with: modelling methods, feeding behaviour, digestion and metabolic processes in ruminants and monogastric animals. This progress is clearly illustrated by the emergence of a new paradigm in animal nutrition, which has moved from the aim to cover the requirements of the animal to explaining and predicting the responses of the animals to diets (e.g., productivity and efficiency, impact on quality of products, environmental aspects, health and well-being). In this book several chapters illustrate that through empirical models, meta-analysis is an efficient tool to synthesize information gathered over recent decades. In addition, compared with other books on modelling farm animal nutrition, two new aspects received particular attention: expanding knowledge of the individual animal to understanding the functioning and management of herds, and the consideration of the environmental impact of animal production. This book is a valuable source of information for researchers, nutritionists, advisors, and graduate students who want to have up-to-date and concise information on mathematical modelling applied to farm animals.

Research Report

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 8321