Farm-Level Modelling

Techniques, Applications and Policy

Author: Shailesh Shrestha,Andrew Barnes,Bouda Vosough Ahmadi

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 1780644280

Category: Science

Page: 238

View: 4860

Agriculture is the product of a complex mixture of behavioural, biophysical and market drivers. Understanding how these factors interact to produce crops and livestock for food has been the focus of economic investigation for many years. The advent of optimisation algorithms and the exponential growth in computing technology has allowed significant growth in mathematical modelling of the dynamics of agricultural systems. The complexity of approaches has grown in parallel with the availability of data at increasingly finer resolutions. Farm-level models have been widely used in agricultural economic studies to understand how farmers and land owners respond to market and policy levers. This book provides an in-depth description of different methodologies and techniques currently used in farm-level modelling. While giving an overview of the theoretical grounding behind the models, an applied approach is also used. Case studies range from the application of modelling to policy reforms and the subsequent impacts on rural communities and food supply. This book also provides descriptions of the use of farm-level models in much wider fields such as aggregation and linking with sectoral models. Its purpose is to show the reader the methods that have been employed to inform decision-makers about how to improve the economic, social and environmental goals required to achieve the aims of multidimensional policy.

Farm-Level Microsimulation Modelling

Author: Cathal O'Donoghue

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 331963979X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 362

View: 5316

This book, which is the first to be published in the emerging field of farm-level microsimulation, highlights the different methodological components of microsimulation modelling: hypothetical, static, dynamic, behavioural, spatial and macro–micro. The author applies various microsimulation-based methodological tools to farms in a consistent manner and, supported by a set of Stata codes, undertakes analysis of a wide range of farming systems from OECD countries. To these case studies, O’Donoghue incorporates farming policies such as CAP income support payments, agri-environmental schemes, forestry planting incentives and biomass incentives – in doing so, he illuminates the merits of microsimulation in this environment.

Climate Change Challenges and Adaptations at Farm-level

Case Studies from Asia and Africa

Author: Naveen P Singh,Cynthia Bantilan,Kattarkandi Byjesh,Swamikannu Nedumaran

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 1780644639

Category: Science

Page: 232

View: 4397

This book emphasis the role of farm level adaptation as a key in developmental pathways that are challenged by climate risks in the semi-arid tropics of Asia and Africa. It throws light on key issues that arise in farm level impacts, adaptation and vulnerability to climate change and discusses Q2 methodological approaches undertaken in study domains of Asia and Africa. The book systematically describes the perceptions, aspirations as elicited/voiced by the farmers and identifies determinants of adaptation decisions. Chapters identify constraints and opportunities that are translated into indicative intervention recommendations towards climate resilient farm households in the semi-arid tropics of Asia and Africa. Furthermore, it discusses with evidences that contributes to the development of livelihood strategy for poor farmers in Asia (Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam and China) and Africa (Burkina Faso, Niger, Kenya and Ghana).

Handbook of Microsimulation Modelling

Author: N.A

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 1783505702

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 360

View: 8331

Microsimulation Modelling involves the application of simulation methods to micro data for the purposes of evaluating the effectiveness and improving the design of public policy. The field has been applied to many different policies within both government and academia. This handbook describes and discusses the main issues within the field.

Applications of Systems Approaches at the Farm and Regional Levels

Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Systems Approaches for Agricultural Development, held at IRRI, Los Banos, Philippines, 6–8 December 1995

Author: Paul Teng,M.J. Kropff,H.F.M. ten Berge,J.B. Dent,F.P. Lansigan,H.H. Van Laar

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401154163

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 468

View: 7975

Systems approaches for agricultural development are needed to determine rational strategies for the role of agriculture in national development. Mathematical models and computer simulation provide objective tools for applying science to determine and evaluate options for resource management at field, farm and regional scales. However, these tools would not be fully utilizable without incorporating social and economic dimensions into their application. The second international symposium, Systems Approaches for Agricultural Development, held in Los Baños, 6-8 December 1995, fostered this link between the bio-physical sciences and the social sciences in the choice of keynote papers and oral presentations, a selection of which is included in this book. The book's contents further reflect how systems approaches have definitely moved beyond the research mode into the application mode. The large number and high quality of interdisciplinary research projects reported from different parts of the globe, to determine land use options that will meet multiple goals and yet sustain natural resource bases, is a key indicator of this `coming of age'. At the farm level, where trade-off decisions between processes and products (commodities) feature strongly, much progress is also evident in the development of systems-based tools for decision making. This book will be of particular interest to all agricultural scientists and planners, as well as students interested in multidisciplinary and holistic approaches for agricultural development.

Economic Models of Tropical Deforestation: A Review

Author: David Kaimowitz,Arild Angelsen

Publisher: CIFOR

ISBN: 979876417X

Category: Deforestation

Page: 139

View: 2429

Types of economic deforestation models. Household and firm-level models. Regional-level models. National and macro-level models. Priority areas for future research.

Agrekon

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Agriculture

Page: N.A

View: 6295

Agricultural Cooperative Management and Policy

New Robust, Reliable and Coherent Modelling Tools

Author: Constantin Zopounidis,Nikos Kalogeras,Konstadinos Mattas,Gert van Dijk,George Baourakis

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319066358

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 422

View: 3088

This book focuses on the use of farm level, micro- and macro-data of cooperative systems and networks in developing new robust, reliable and coherent modeling tools for agricultural and environmental policy analysis. The efficacy of public intervention on agriculture is largely determined by the existence of reliable information on the effects of policy options and market developments on farmers' production decisions and in particular, on key issues such as levels of agricultural and non-agricultural output, land use and incomes, use of natural resources, sustainable-centric management, structural change and the viability of family farms. Over the last years, several methods and analytical tools have been developed for policy analysis using various sets of data. Such methods have been based on integrated approaches in an effort to investigate the above key issues and have thus attempted to offer a powerful environment for decision making, particularly in an era of radical change for both agriculture and the wider economy.

Economic Policy and Sustainable Land Use

Recent Advances in Quantitative Analysis for Developing Countries

Author: Nico Heerink,Herman van Keulen,Marijke Kuiper

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783790813517

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 376

View: 1032

The book provides an overview of quantitative approaches to analyse the effects of economic policy reforms on sustainable land use in developing countries. It illustrates recent advances in modelling approaches at the plot, household, regional and national level. Special attention is paid to the influence of market failures and other aspects of the institutional environment on the policy-response of households in developing countries, and to problems of linking biophysical and economic models. Four key issues in quantifying relationships between economic policy and agricultural land use are used to compare the different modelling approaches. The book concludes with suggestions for future research aiming at increasing our understanding of the impact of policy instruments on soil quality.

Mathematical Programming for Agricultural, Environmental, and Resource Economics

Author: Harry M. Kaiser,Kent D. Messer

Publisher: Wiley Global Education

ISBN: 111813737X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 494

View: 591

Mathematical Programming for Agricultural, Environmental, and Resource Economics educates students on the techniques of mathematical programming and their application to agricultural, resource, and environmental economics problems. This text artfully combines an introductory text in math programming, algebraic and geometric concepts while also presenting differential calculus designed for upper-level undergraduates and graduate students. This text is designed specifically to help students develop the quantitative skills necessary for cutting edge research and techniques.

Agricultural Effects on Ground and Surface Waters

Research at the Edge of Science and Society

Author: J. H. A. M. Steenvoorden,Frans Claessen,Jaap Willems

Publisher: International Assn of Hydrological Sciences

ISBN: 9781901502763

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 414

View: 7067

Applications of Systems Approaches at the Farm and Regional Levels

Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Systems Approaches for Agricultural Development, held at IRRI, Los Banos, Philippines, 6–8 December 1995

Author: Paul Teng,M.J. Kropff,H.F.M. ten Berge,J.B. Dent,F.P. Lansigan,H.H. Van Laar

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9780792342854

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 468

View: 8198

Systems approaches for agricultural development are needed to determine rational strategies for the role of agriculture in national development. Mathematical models and computer simulation provide objective tools for applying science to determine and evaluate options for resource management at field, farm and regional scales. However, these tools would not be fully utilizable without incorporating social and economic dimensions into their application. The second international symposium, Systems Approaches for Agricultural Development, held in Los Baños, 6-8 December 1995, fostered this link between the bio-physical sciences and the social sciences in the choice of keynote papers and oral presentations, a selection of which is included in this book. The book's contents further reflect how systems approaches have definitely moved beyond the research mode into the application mode. The large number and high quality of interdisciplinary research projects reported from different parts of the globe, to determine land use options that will meet multiple goals and yet sustain natural resource bases, is a key indicator of this `coming of age'. At the farm level, where trade-off decisions between processes and products (commodities) feature strongly, much progress is also evident in the development of systems-based tools for decision making. This book will be of particular interest to all agricultural scientists and planners, as well as students interested in multidisciplinary and holistic approaches for agricultural development.

Issues in Agribusiness and Agricultural Economics: 2011 Edition

Author: N.A

Publisher: ScholarlyEditions

ISBN: 1464967202

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 324

View: 4831

Issues in Agribusiness and Agricultural Economics: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Agribusiness and Agricultural Economics. The editors have built Issues in Agribusiness and Agricultural Economics: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Agribusiness and Agricultural Economics in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Agribusiness and Agricultural Economics: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Causes and Impacts of Agricultural Structures

Author: Stefan Mann

Publisher: Nova Science Pub Incorporated

ISBN: 9781600211201

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 298

View: 6278

While it is trivial to state that agriculture influences the rest of the rural economy and society, it is much less trivial to understand the difference that agricultural structures make to rural environments. As soon as agricultural structures switch from being the dependent to being the independent variable, they may have an impact on the profitability and sustainability of farming, on animal welfare, population development, unemployment or the gender situation. In fact, it would be surprising for most rural areas if domination by small subsistence farmers, by medium-size family farms or by large corporate farming did not make any difference to the rest of rural society. Not only is the diversity of agricultural structures in Europe impressive, but also the diversity of the contributions in this book. They range from technical modelling approaches to descriptive story-telling, from an in-depth analysis of regions to comparative studies of international differences and from normative considerations to positive observations. Altogether, they give an excellent overview of where research into agricultural structures stands today.

Modelling Nutrient Digestion and Utilisation in Farm Animals

Author: D. Sauvant,J. van Milgen,P. Faverdin,N. Friggens

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 908686712X

Category: Science

Page: 430

View: 7136

For more than 30 years, modelling has been an important method for integrating, in a flexible, comprehensive and widely applicable way, basic knowledge and biological concepts on digestion and metabolism in farm animals. The purpose of this book is to present the 'state of art' in this area. The chapters are written by leading teams and researchers in this field of study, mainly from Europe, North America and Australasia. Considerable progress has been made in topics dealing with: modelling methods, feeding behaviour, digestion and metabolic processes in ruminants and monogastric animals. This progress is clearly illustrated by the emergence of a new paradigm in animal nutrition, which has moved from the aim to cover the requirements of the animal to explaining and predicting the responses of the animals to diets (e.g., productivity and efficiency, impact on quality of products, environmental aspects, health and well-being). In this book several chapters illustrate that through empirical models, meta-analysis is an efficient tool to synthesize information gathered over recent decades. In addition, compared with other books on modelling farm animal nutrition, two new aspects received particular attention: expanding knowledge of the individual animal to understanding the functioning and management of herds, and the consideration of the environmental impact of animal production. This book is a valuable source of information for researchers, nutritionists, advisors, and graduate students who want to have up-to-date and concise information on mathematical modelling applied to farm animals.