Fertility, Class and Gender in Britain, 1860-1940

Author: Simon Szreter

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521528689

Category: History

Page: 728

View: 8599

A unique interpretation of falling fertility in Britain between 1860 and 1940, with new and surprising findings.

Reshaping Social Life

Author: Sarah Irwin

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134301383

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 325

Caught up in current social changes, we do not fully understand the reshaping of social life. In sociological analyses there is a conceptual gap between subjectivities and social structural processes, and we face real difficulties in understanding social change and diversity. Through analysis of key areas of social life, here, Sarah Irwin develops a new and exciting resource for better understanding our changing social world. Breaking with conventional approaches and reconnecting the subjective with the objective, Irwin’s book develops a new conceptual and analytical perspective with social relationality, interdependence and social context at its heart. The new perspective is developed through grounded analyses of empirical evidence, and draws on new data. It explores and analyzes: * significant changes in family forms, fertility, gender relations and commitments to employment, children and care, both now, and with comparisons to early twentieth century developments * the meshing of norms and social relations in contexts of change * diverse values, norms and perceptions of fairness, analyzed with respect to diversity over the life course, and in respect of gender, ethnicity and social class. Through analysis of context, Irwin offers new insights, and tackles puzzles of explanation. Reshaping Social Life offers a fascinating and innovative way of slicing into and re-interrogating our changing social world, and is sure to become a landmark resource for students, scholars and researchers.

Histories of Sexuality

Antiquity to Sexual Revolution

Author: Stephen Garton

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136090185

Category: History

Page: 288

View: 6855

"First Published in 2004, Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company."

The Cambridge History of the Book in Britain: Volume 6, 1830–1914

Author: David McKitterick

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 131617588X

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: N.A

View: 8263

The years 1830–1914 witnessed a revolution in the manufacture and use of books as great as that in the fifteenth century. Using new technology in printing, paper-making and binding, publishers worked with authors and illustrators to meet ever-growing and more varied demands from a population seeking books at all price levels. The essays by leading book historians in this volume show how books became cheap, how publishers used the magazine and newspaper markets to extend their influence, and how book ownership became universal for the first time. The fullest account ever published of the nineteenth-century revolution in printing, publishing and bookselling, this volume brings The Cambridge History of the Book in Britain up to a point when the world of books took on a recognisably modern form.

Changing Relations of Welfare

Family, Gender and Migration in Britain and Scandinavia

Author: Dr Åsa Lundqvist,Dr Janet Fink

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1409492273

Category: Social Science

Page: 212

View: 8207

Changing Relations of Welfare is concerned with the complexities of family relations and practices in the recent past and how these have been imagined, addressed or elided in present policy making. It uses rich and varied sources to offer an innovative approach to the analysis of meanings afforded to the family in different policy, legal and welfare contexts in Sweden, Denmark and Britain. This book considers how debates about responsibility, obligation and rights have been gendered in social policy and welfare practice, whilst also focusing upon the intersections of family, gender, race and ethnicity and the different ways in which legislation and policy in northern Europe have been used to regulate not only immigration but also the lives of migrant families. Presenting a historically informed, comparative analysis of the shifting dynamics in the relationship between family and the state, this volume offers new pathways for exploring questions of change and continuity.

Sex Before the Sexual Revolution

Intimate Life in England 1918–1963

Author: Simon Szreter,Kate Fisher

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139492896

Category: History

Page: N.A

View: 8851

What did sex mean for ordinary people before the sexual revolution of the 1960s and 1970s, who were often pitied by later generations as repressed, unfulfilled and full of moral anxiety? This book provides the first rounded, first-hand account of sexuality in marriage in the early and mid-twentieth century. These award-winning authors look beyond conventions of silence among the respectable majority to challenge stereotypes of ignorance and inhibition. Based on vivid, compelling and frank testimonies from a socially and geographically diverse range of individuals, the book explores a spectrum of sexual experiences, from learning about sex and sexual practices in courtship, to attitudes to the body, marital ideals and birth control. It demonstrates that while the era's emphasis on silence and strict moral codes could for some be a source of inhibition and dissatisfaction, for many the culture of privacy and innocence was central to fulfilling and pleasurable intimate lives.

Better Britons

Reproduction, National Identity, and the Afterlife of Empire

Author: Nadine Attewell

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442667079

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 336

View: 7964

In 1932, Aldous Huxley published Brave New World, his famous novel about a future in which humans are produced to spec in laboratories. Around the same time, Australian legislators announced an ambitious experiment to “breed the colour” out of Australia by procuring white husbands for women of white and indigenous descent. In this study, Nadine Attewell reflects on an assumption central to these and other policy initiatives and cultural texts from twentieth-century Britain, Australia, and New Zealand: that the fortunes of the nation depend on controlling the reproductive choices of citizen-subjects. Better Britons charts an innovative approach to the politics of reproduction by reading an array of works and discourses – from canonical modernist novels and speculative fictions to government memoranda and public debates – that reflect on the significance of reproductive behaviours for civic, national, and racial identities. Bringing insights from feminist and queer theory into dialogue with work in indigenous studies, Attewell sheds new light on changing conceptions of British and settler identity during the era of decolonization.

The Origins of Sex

A History of the First Sexual Revolution

Author: Faramerz Dabhoiwala

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019993939X

Category: History

Page: 496

View: 6887

A man admits that, when drunk, he tried to have sex with an eighteen-year-old girl; she is arrested and denies they had intercourse, but finally begs God's forgiveness. Then she is publicly hanged alongside her attacker. These events took place in 1644, in Boston, where today they would be viewed with horror. How--and when--did such a complete transformation of our culture's attitudes toward sex occur? In The Origins of Sex, Faramerz Dabhoiwala provides a landmark history, one that will revolutionize our understanding of the origins of sexuality in modern Western culture. For millennia, sex had been strictly regulated by the Church, the state, and society, who vigorously and brutally attempted to punish any sex outside of marriage. But by 1800, everything had changed. Drawing on vast research--from canon law to court cases, from novels to pornography, not to mention the diaries and letters of people great and ordinary--Dabhoiwala shows how this dramatic change came about, tracing the interplay of intellectual trends, religious and cultural shifts, and politics and demographics. The Enlightenment led to the presumption that sex was a private matter; that morality could not be imposed; that men, not women, were the more lustful gender. Moreover, the rise of cities eroded community-based moral policing, and religious divisions undermined both church authority and fear of divine punishment. Sex became a central topic in poetry, drama, and fiction; diarists such as Samuel Pepys obsessed over it. In the 1700s, it became possible for a Church of Scotland leader to commend complete sexual liberty for both men and women. Arguing that the sexual revolution that really counted occurred long before the cultural movement of the 1960s, Dabhoiwala offers readers an engaging and wholly original look at the Western world's relationship to sex. Deeply researched and powerfully argued, The Origins of Sex is a major work of history.

Nationalising and Denationalising European Border Regions, 1800–2000

Views from Geography and History

Author: Hans Knippenberg,J. Markusse

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401142939

Category: Social Science

Page: 293

View: 7025

During the last two centuries, the political map of Europe has changed considerably. More recently, there are remarkably contrasting tendencies concerning the functions and densities of borders. The borders inside the European Union lost their importance, whereas Central and Eastern Europe saw the birth of a multitude of new state borders. The long-term study of border regions, therefore, is a fascinating subject for geographers, historians, social scientists, and political scientists. The main thesis of this book is that the rise of the modern nation-state reinforced the separating function of state borders by nationalising the people on both sides of it. This process gained strength in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, and was challenged in the second half of this century by processes of supra-national integration, globalisation and the revolution in communication and transport, as the case studies from different parts of Europe of this book will show. Audience: This book will be of interest to academics, researchers and practitioners in geography, history, political sciences, European studies and East-European studies.

Family Men

Fatherhood and Masculinity in Britain, 1914-1960

Author: Laura King

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191662526

Category: History

Page: 256

View: 1391

Fathers are often neglected in histories of family life in Britain. Family Men provides the first academic study of fathers and families in the period from the First World War to the end of the 1950s. It takes a thematic approach, examining different aspects of fatherhood, from the duties it encompassed to the ways in which it related to men's identities. The historical approach is socio-cultural: each chapter examines a wide range of historical source materials in order to analyse both cultural representations of fatherhood and related social norms, as well as exploring the practices and experiences of individuals and families. It uncovers the debates surrounding parenting and family life and tells the stories of men and their children. While many historians have examined men's relationship to the home and family in histories of gender, family life, domestic spaces, and class cultures more generally, few have specifically examined fathers as crucial family members, as historical actors, and as emotional individuals. The history of fatherhood is extremely significant to contemporary debate: assumptions about fatherhood in the past are constantly used to support arguments about the state of fatherhood today and the need for change or otherwise in the future. Laura King charts men's changing experiences of fatherhood, suggesting that although the roles and responsibilities fulfilled by men did not shift rapidly, their relationships, position in the family, and identities underwent significant change between the start of the First World War and the 1960s.

By the Vision of Another World

Worship in American History

Author: James D. Bratt

Publisher: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing

ISBN: 0802867103

Category: Religion

Page: 213

View: 5510

This book samples the rich variety of worship practices in American history to show how worship can be a fruitful subject for historians to study and how past cases can enrich our understanding of worship today. By the Vision of Another World gathers highly regarded historians who usually are not read together because of the widely different subjects on which they typically work. Yet their essays all fit together here as they address how worship, work, and worldview converge and reinforce each other no matter what particular place, era, denomination, or ethnic/racial group is under consideration. The variety of methodologies and voices will appeal to a breadth of critical interests, while the consistently high quality of historical narrative will keep readers engaged.

Historische Familienforschung

Ergebnisse und Kontroversen : Michael Mitterauer zum 60. Geburtstag

Author: Michael Mitterauer,Josef Ehmer,Markus Cerman,Tamara K. Hareven,Richard Wall

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Families

Page: 429

View: 4274

"Get it done and let them howl"

eine kulturtheoretische Untersuchung zu Thomas Hardys Auseinandersetzung mit der viktorianischen Sichtweise von Sexualität, Liebe und Ehe am Beispiel von Jude the Obscure

Author: Wolfgang Fröhlich

Publisher: Cuvillier Verlag

ISBN: 9783898738590

Category: Love in literature

Page: 266

View: 7738

Life, Death and Statistics

Civil Registration, Censuses and the Work of the General Register Office, 1836-1952

Author: Edward Higgs

Publisher: University of Hertfordshire Press

ISBN: 9780954162108

Category: History

Page: 258

View: 4566

A treasure trove of statistical information and historical background, this sourcebook is the complete history of the General Register Office—the key institution in the production of demographic data in England and Wales in the 19th and early 20th centuries. Details are provided on how the office became responsible for the British and Welsh civil registration system and the taking of censuses every ten years—from which it produced statistics on population, birth rates, mortality, and causes of death. This resource places the office’s work in an intellectual, institutional, and political framework.

Review

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Women's studies

Page: N.A

View: 2618

Biology, Medicine and Society 1840-1940

Author: Charles Webster

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521533317

Category: History

Page: 356

View: 3918

This volume originates from a Past and Present conference on 'The Roots of Sociobiology' held in 1978 and incorporates the results of recent research on problems in the social relations of the biological sciences. The authors describe different historical aspects of the interrelationship of technical experience and social policy in the fields of health, education and social welfare.

Albion

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Great Britain

Page: N.A

View: 6467

Vols. for 1969-1970 consist of the proceedings of the Conference on British Studies, Pacific Northwest Section; summer 1971-winter 1972 consists of the proceedings of the Conference on British Studies at its Regional and National Meetings; spring 1979-winter 1980 includes proceedings of the Conference on British Studies at its Regional and National Meetings; spring 1983- includes proceedings of the North Americna Conference on British Studies.