Financial Crises: Causes, Consequences, and Policy Responses

Author: Stijn Claessens,Mr. M. Ayhan Kose,Mr. Luc Laeven,Fabian Valencia

Publisher: International Monetary Fund

ISBN: 1484324293

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 669

View: 9306

Financial Crises: Causes, Consequences, and Policy Responses provides a comprehensive overview of research into financial crises and policy lessons learned. The book covers a wide range of crises, including banking, balance of payments, and sovereign debt crises. It begins with an overview of the various types of crises and introduces a comprehensive database of crises. Broad lessons on crisis prevention and management, as well as the short-term economic effects of crises, recessions, and recoveries are discussed. The medium-term effects of financial crises on economic growth, as well as policy measures to prevent booms, mitigate busts, and avoid crises are analyzed. Finally, policy measures for mitigating the adverse impact of crises and ways to restructure banks, households, and sovereigns are presented. The collection of research in this book provides an excellent overview of critical policy areas, with valuable lessons on how countries can better monitor their economies and financial systems.

Dieses Mal ist alles anders

Acht Jahrhunderte Finanzkrisen

Author: Carmen Reinhart,Reinhart Carmen

Publisher: FinanzBuch Verlag

ISBN: 3862484386

Category: Political Science

Page: 592

View: 9243

Dieses Mal ist alles anders. Die derzeitige Krise ist überhaupt nicht vergleichbar mit vergangenen Situationen – darin sind sich die Experten einig, wann immer ein Wirtschaftssystem oder ein Staat zusammenbricht. Carmen Reinhart und Kenneth Rogoff haben die Crashs der letzten 800 Jahre analysiert. Ihr erstaunliches Ergebnis: In Wahrheit sind es doch immer die gleichen Fehler, die zum Kollaps geführt haben.

Lessons from the Financial Crisis

Causes, Consequences, and Our Economic Future

Author: Robert W. Kolb

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470622414

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 667

View: 3710

The world's best financial minds help us understand today's financial crisis With so much information saturating the market for the everyday investor, trying to understand why the economic crisis happened and what needs to be done to fix it can be daunting. There is a real need, and demand, from both investors and the financial community to obtain answers as to what really happened and why. Lessons from the Financial Crisis brings together the leading minds in the worlds of finance and academia to dissect the crisis. Divided into three comprehensive sections-The Subprime Crisis; The Global Financial Crisis; and Law, Regulation, the Financial Crisis, and The Future-this book puts the events that have transpired in perspective, and offers valuable insights into what we must do to avoid future missteps. Each section is comprised of chapters written by experienced contributors, each with his or her own point of view, research, and conclusions Examines the market collapse in detail and explores safeguards to stop future crises Encompasses the most up-to-date analysis from today's leading financial minds We currently face a serious economic crisis, but in understanding it, we can overcome the challenges it presents. This well-rounded resource offers the best chance to get through the current situation and learn from our mistakes.

World Economic Outlook, April 2014: Recovery Strengthens, Remains Uneven

Recovery Strengthens, Remains Uneven

Author: International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: International Monetary Fund

ISBN: 1475515766

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 232

View: 1615

Global activity has broadly strengthened and is expected to improve further in 2014–15, according to the April 2014 WEO, with much of the impetus for growth coming from advanced economies. Although downside risks have diminished overall, lower-than-expected inflation poses risks for advanced economies, there is increased financial volatility in emerging market economies, and increases in the cost of capital will likely dampen investment and weigh on growth. Advanced economy policymakers need to avoid a premature withdrawal of monetary accommodation. Emerging market economy policymakers must adopt measures to changing fundamentals, facilitate external adjustment, further monetary policy tightening, and carry out structural reforms. The report includes a chapter that analyzes the causes of worldwide decreases in real interest rates since the 1980s and concludes that global rates can be expected to rise in the medium term, but only moderately. Another chapter examines factors behind the fluctuations in emerging market economies’ growth and concludes that strong growth in China played a key role in buffering the effects of the global financial crisis in these economies.

World Economic Outlook, April 2015

Uneven Growth: Short- and Long-Term Factors

Author: N.A

Publisher: International Monetary Fund

ISBN: 147555186X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 247

View: 6127

Global growth remains moderate and uneven, and a number of complex forces are shaping the outlook. These include medium- and long-term trends, global shocks, and many country- or region-specific factors. The April 2015 WEO examines the causes and implications of recent trends, including lower oil prices, which are providing a boost to growth globally and in many oil-importing countries but are weighing on activity in oil-exporting countries, and substantial changes in exchange rates for major currencies, reflecting variations in country growth rates and in exchange rate policies and the lower price of oil. Additionally, analytical chapters explore the growth rate of potential output across advanced and emerging market economies, assessing its recent track and likely future course; and the performance of private fixed investment in advanced economies, which has featured prominently in the public policy debate in recent years, focusing on the role of overall economic weakness in accounting for this performance.

The Day After Tomorrow

A Handbook on the Future of Economic Policy in the Developing World

Author: Otaviano Canuto,Marcelo M. Giugale

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 0821385461

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 464

View: 8612

This book is a vision of how economic policy will evolve in developing countries over the next three-to-five years, delivered by renown practitioners working at the world's leading development institution.

Global Financial Crises and Reforms

Cases and Caveats

Author: B. N. Ghosh

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134543166

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 448

View: 1500

This is an innovative collection of papers written by a panel of highly respected academics and financial experts. Whilst providing an insight into the phenomenology of the financial crises of the 1990s in Asia and Latin America, the book also explores possibilities for their solution.

IMF Research Bulletin, December 2013

Author: International Monetary Fund. Research Department

Publisher: International Monetary Fund

ISBN: 1484308980


Page: 14

View: 9399

In the December 2013 IMF Research Bulletin, the Research Summaries look at "Reforming Dual Labor Markets in Advanced Economies" (Giovanni Ganelli) and "Rating Through-The-Cycle: What Does the Concept Imply for Rating Stability Accuracy" (John Kiff, Michael Kisser, and Liliana Schumacher). The Q & A discusses Seven Questions on Financial Crises (Stijn Claessens, M. Ayhan Kose, Luc Laeven, and Fabián Valencia). This issue also includes a listing of recent IMF Working Papers and IMF Staff Discussion Notes, as well as Recommended Readings from the IMF Bookstore. The top-viewed articles from recent of issues of "IMF Economic Review" are featured.

Large Capital Flows

A Survey of the Causes, Consequences, and Policy Responses

Author: Mr. Alejandro López Mejía

Publisher: International Monetary Fund

ISBN: 1452778558

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 54

View: 4229

This paper reviews the causes, consequences, and policy responses to large capital flows in several emerging markets. It opens by studying recent patterns of capital flows, and then discusses the causes of capital flows. Emphasis is given to the reasons behind the capital inflow episode in the 1990s, the major reversals, and the volatility observed in these flows. The paper goes on to examine the consequences of capital inflows and the pros and cons of alternative policy responses. It concludes with policy lessons derived from country experiences.


wie es zur Finanzkrise kam, und was jetzt zu tun ist

Author: Hans-Werner Sinn

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783548373034


Page: 471

View: 5225

Das amerikanische Bankensystem ist pleite. Deutschlands Banken sind schwer angeschlagen. In Osteuropa tickt die Zeitbombe. Ganze Staaten sind vom Konkurs bedroht. Hans-Werner Sinn, Chef des ifo Instituts, erklärt, wie das Finanzsystem zur Spielwiese von Glücksrittern werden konnte, und analysiert die Gründe der Krise: das Versagen der Rating- Agenturen, der Regulierungsbehörden und der Banken. Aber Sinn blickt auch nach vorne, kritisiert pointiert die in Deutschland aufgelegten Konjunkturprogramme und entwirft selbst einen Masterplan zur Sanierung der Finanzmärkte.

The Big Short - Wie eine Handvoll Trader die Welt verzockte

Author: Michael Lewis

Publisher: Campus Verlag

ISBN: 3593393573

Category: Political Science

Page: 319

View: 5287

"The Big Short" erzählt von der Erfindung einer monströsen Geldmaschine: Ein paar Hedgefond-Manager sehen das katastrophale Platzen der amerikanischen Immobilienblase nicht nur voraus, sondern sie wetten sogar im ganz großen Stil darauf. Den Kollaps des Systems befördern sie unter anderem mittels des sogenannten "shortings", Leerverkäufen von Aktien großer Investmentbanken. Doch zu jeder Wette gehört auf der anderen Seite auch einer, der sie hält. Lewis entlarvt anhand seiner Protagonisten ein System, das sich verselbständigt und mit moralischen Kategorien wie Habgier oder Maßlosigkeit längst nicht mehr zu fassen ist. Der Zusammenbruch der Finanzmärkte, so lernen wir in diesem Buch, war ein kurzer Moment der Vernunft: Der Wahnsinn hatte sich in den Jahren davor abgespielt.

The Indonesian Economy in Crisis

Causes, Consequences and Lessons

Author: Hal Hill

Publisher: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies

ISBN: 9812300589

Category: Financial crises

Page: 153

View: 8034

This book describes and analyses Indonesia's most serious economic crisis, against the general backdrop of economic decline in Southeast Asia. It also looks forward, considering Indonesia's immediate policy challenges to overcome the crisis, and dwelling on some of the longer-term policy challenges raised by the crisis.

The Consequences of the Global Financial Crisis

The Rhetoric of Reform and Regulation

Author: Wyn Grant,Graham K. Wilson

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199641986

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 272

View: 4784

Systematically exploring the consequences of the global financial crisis, this text focuses primarily on the impact on policy and politics. It asks how governments responded to the challenges that the crisis has posed, and the policy and political impact of the combination of both the crisis itself and these responses.

China's Role in Global Economic Recovery

Author: Xiaolan Fu

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136632484

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 310

View: 8418

This book presents a wide-ranging assessment of the current state of China’s economy in relation to the global international economy. It discusses the role China has played in responding to the economic crisis; assesses the continuing strong prospects for further economic growth in China; and examines China’s deepening integration into the world economy. Specific topics covered include China’s foreign reserves and global economic recovery; the international expansion of Chinese multinationals and China’s private businesses; and the role of technological innovation in China’s economic growth. Overall, the book provides a wealth of detail and up-to-date insights concerning China’s development path, growth potential, sustainability and impact.

The Late 1990s Financial Crisis in Ecuador: Institutional Weaknesses, Fiscal Rigidities, and Financial Dollarization at Work

Author: Luis Ignacio Jácome

Publisher: International Monetary Fund


Category: Banks and banking

Page: 46

View: 4833

This paper stresses three factors that amplified the 1990s financial crisis in Ecuador, namely institutional weaknesses, rigidities in public finances, and high financial dollarization. Institutional factors restricted the government's ability to respond in a timely manner and efficiently enough to prevent the escalation of the banking crisis and spurred the adoption of suboptimal policy decisions. Public finance rigidities limited the government's capacity to correct existing imbalances and the deteriorating fiscal stance associated with the costs of the financial crisis. Financial dollarization increasingly reduced the effectiveness of financial safety nets, fostered foreign currency demand, and accelerated a currency crisis, thereby further worsening the solvency of banks. These three factors reinforced each other, exacerbating costs as the economy went through a triple banking, currency, and fiscal crisis.

Global Financial Crises

Lessons From Recent Events

Author: Bank for International Settlements

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780792378655

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 457

View: 8122

Throughout the 1990s, major banking and currency crises occurred in many countries around the world. This book contains papers and comments from a conference held to identify and discuss the lessons to be learned from these crises, such as their causes and how to prevent their reoccurrence.

Global Development Finance 2009, 1

Analysis and Outlook

Author: World Bank

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 0821378414

Category: Business

Page: 170

View: 9759

"Over the past two years, the world has seen turmoil in a relatively small segment of the U.S. credit markets morph into a severe global economic and financial crisis. Although aggressive monetary policy, fiscal stimulus, and guarantee programs to shore up the banking industry have begun to stabilize financial markets and slow the pace of economic contraction, policy makers face an extended battle to revive the global economy. Going forward, national and international policy makers must support emerging signs of recovery with persistent, robust efforts to restore confidence in the financial system and transform the adverse feedback loop between the financial sector and the real economy into a positive one. With analysis and data extending from short-term bank lending to long-term bond issuance in both local and foreign currency, Global Development Finance 2009: Charting a Global Recovery is unique in its breadth of coverage of the trends and issues of fundamental importance to the financing of the developing world, including coverage of capital originating from developing countries themselves. The report is an indispensable resource for governments, economists, investors, financial consultants, academics, bankers, and the entire development community.

The Collapse of Exchange Rate Regimes

Causes, Consequences and Policy Responses

Author: George S. Tavlas

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461562899

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 247

View: 6075

ical) and to self-fulfilling currency crisis, respectively. Research stressing the former approach was pioneered by Krugman (1979) and Flood and Garber (1984). According to this line of research, the failure of governments to adopt domestic monetary and fiscal policies consistent with their stated exchange rate targets leads to a gradual diminution of reserves and eventually a stock adjustment that depletes reserves suddenly in one attack (Sachs, Tornell, and Velasco, 1996, page 47). The result is either a devaluation of the exchange rate or a switch to floating. Subsequent work of this genre has specified a number of other channels, in addition to that involving inconsistent and unsustainable monetary and fiscal policies, that can precipitate an attack: 1. Inconsistency between external and internal objectives. The stances of monetary and fiscal policies may be consistent with the authorities' exchange rate target, but domestic economic indicators (such as the unemployment rate) may be inconsistent with internal balance, resulting in pressures on the authorities to relax macroeconomic policies. Private agents, aware of this inconsistency, perceive an opportunity for profits from a currency devaluation and precipitate an attack. 2. Contagion effects. Prior to an attack on another currency (say that of country B), the market may view a country's (say, country A's) exchange rate as consistent with economic fundamentals and, thus, sustainable.

Das Globalisierungs-Paradox

die Demokratie und die Zukunft der Weltwirtschaft

Author: Dani Rodrik

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 9783406613517


Page: 415

View: 3731

Ein Plädoyer gegen Hyperglobalisierung und für eine gewisse demokratische Renationalisierung der Wirtschaftspolitik.