The Roman Invasion of Britain

Archaeology Versus History

Author: Birgitta Hoffmann

Publisher: Pen and Sword

ISBN: 1473830893

Category: History

Page: 222

View: 6627

The purpose of this book is to take what we think we know about the Roman Conquest of Britain from historical sources, and compare it with the archaeological evidence, which is often contradictory. Archaeologists and historians all too often work in complete isolation from each other and this book hopes to show the dangers of neglecting either form of evidence. In the process it challenges much received wisdom about the history of Roman Britain. ??Birgitta Hoffmann tackles the subject by taking a number of major events or episodes (such as Caesar's incursions, Claudius' invasion, Boudicca's revolt), presenting the accepted narrative as derived from historical sources, and then presenting the archaeological evidence for the same. The result of this innovative approach is a book full of surprising and controversial conclusions that will appeal to the general reader as well as those studying or teaching courses on ancient history or archaeology.

Protecting the Roman Empire

Fortlets, Frontiers, and the Quest for Post-Conquest Security

Author: Matthew Symonds

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108421555

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

View: 6342

The fortlet, a previously overlooked military installation type, reveals how Rome built, secured, and lost its Empire.

The Use and reuse of stone circles

Fieldwork at five Scottish monuments and its implications

Author: Courtney Nimura,Richard Bradley

Publisher: Oxbow Books Limited

ISBN: 1785702467

Category: History

Page: 240

View: 7127

The study of stone circles has long played a major role in British and Irish archaeology, and for Scotland most attention has been focused on the large monuments of Orkney and the Western Isles. Several decades of fieldwork have shown how these major structures are likely to be of early date and recognised that that smaller settings of monoliths had a more extended history. Many of the structures in Northern Britain were reused during the later Bronze Age, the Iron Age and the early medieval period. A series of problems demand further investigation including: when were the last stone circles built? How did they differ from earlier constructions? How were they related to henge monuments, especially those of Bronze Age date? How frequently were these places reused, and did this secondary activity change the character of those sites? This major new assessment first presents the results of fieldwork undertaken at the Scottish recumbent stone circle of Hillhead; the stone circles of Waulkmill and Croftmoraig, the stone circle and henge at Hill of Tuach at Kintore; and the small ring cairn at Laikenbuie in Inverness-shire. Part 2 brings together the results of these five projects and puts forward a chronology for the construction and primary use of stone circles, particularly the Chalcolithic and Bronze Age examples. It considers the reuse of stone circles, long after they were built, and discusses four neighbouring stone circles in Aberdeenshire which display both similarites and contrasts in their architecture, use of raw materials, associated artefacts and structural sequences. Finally, a reassessment and reinterpretation of Croftmoraig and its sequence is presented: the new interpretation drawing attention to ways of thinking about these monuments which have still to fulfil their potential.

Digital Archaeology

Bridging Method and Theory

Author: Patrick Daly,Thomas Laurence Evans,Patrick T. Daly

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415310482

Category: History

Page: 262

View: 6620

The use of computers in archaeology is entering a new phase of unparalleled development, moving on from a specialist methodology on the margins to a powerful practical and analytical tool used across all areas of archaeological interest. With a thorough examination of the ways in which both everyday and cutting-edge technologies can be used to inform and enhance traditional methods, this book brings together ideology from the academic world and pragmatic, concrete examples to show how fieldwork, theory and technology fit together today as never before. Covering a history of the rise of computer use in archaeology as well as a thorough assessment of a number of high profile examples such as the Ferrybridge Chariot, this book shows how new technologies have been implemented into both theory and method as an integral part of the archaeological process. With contributions from renowned experts, experienced professionals and emerging names in the field, this unique, forward-thinking book brings together previously disparate aspects of archaeology in a new holistic approach to the study of the past. A companion website is also available to allow further study of the images included.

Digital Methods and Remote Sensing in Archaeology

Archaeology in the Age of Sensing

Author: Maurizio Forte,Stefano Campana

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319406582

Category: Social Science

Page: 496

View: 2855

​​​This volume debuts the new scope of Remote Sensing, which was first defined as the analysis of data collected by sensors that were not in physical contact with the objects under investigation (using cameras, scanners, and radar systems operating from spaceborne or airborne platforms). A wider characterization is now possible: Remote Sensing can be any non-destructive approach to viewing the buried and nominally invisible evidence of past activity. Spaceborne and airborne sensors, now supplemented by laser scanning, are united using ground-based geophysical instruments and undersea remote sensing, as well as other non-invasive techniques such as surface collection or field-walking survey. Now, any method that enables observation of evidence on or beneath the surface of the earth, without impact on the surviving stratigraphy, is legitimately within the realm of Remote Sensing. ​The new interfaces and senses engaged in Remote Sensing appear throughout the book. On a philosophical level, this is about the landscapes and built environments that reveal history through place and time. It is about new perspectives—the views of history possible with Remote Sensing and fostered in part by immersive, interactive 3D and 4D environments discussed in this volume. These perspectives are both the result and the implementation of technological, cultural, and epistemological advances in record keeping, interpretation, and conceptualization. Methodology presented here builds on the current ease and speed in collecting data sets on the scale of the object, site, locality, and landscape. As this volume shows, many disciplines surrounding archaeology and related cultural studies are currently involved in Remote Sensing, and its relevance will only increase as the methodology expands.

The Army and Frontiers of Rome

Papers Offered to David J. Breeze on the Occasion of His Sixty-fifth Birthday and His Retirement from Historic Scotland

Author: W. S. Hanson

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781887829748

Category: History

Page: 252

View: 610

Barley, malt and ale in the neolithic

Author: Merryn Dineley

Publisher: British Archaeological Reports


Category: Cooking

Page: 84

View: 6418

Merryn Dineley's thesis is based on the premise that the 'biochemical laws that govern the processes of malting, mashing and fermentation remain unchanged throughout the millennia'. He therefore uses the results of scientific experimentation to search for evidence of ale and brewing amongst Neolithic residues. Following a discussing of the actual brewing process and later Viking and medieval embellishments, the study discusses the evidence for barley in Egypt and the Near East, the first evidence of grain in neolithic Europe and ceramic, environmental and structural clues for brewing in Neolithic Orkney and Grooved Ware sites in Britain.

The A to Z of the Vikings

Author: Katherine Holman

Publisher: Scarecrow Press

ISBN: 081086813X

Category: History

Page: 406

View: 9752

The A to Z of the Vikings traces Viking activity in Europe, North America, and Asia for over three centuries. During this period people from Scandinavia used their longships to launch lightning raids upon their European neighbors, to colonize new lands in the east and west, and to exchange Scandinavian furs for eastern wine and spices and Arab silver. The Viking age also saw significant changes at home in Scandinavia kings extended their power, Norse paganism lost ground to Christianity, and new towns and ports thrived as a result of increased contact with the wider world. This book provides a comprehensive work of reference for people interested in the Vikings, including entries on the main historical figures involved in this dramatic period, important battles and treaties, significant archaeological finds, and key works and sources of information on the period. It also summarizes the impact the Vikings had on the areas where they traveled and settled. There is a chronological table, detailed and annotated bibliographies for different themes and geographical locations, and an introduction discussing the major events and developments of the Viking age."

Archaeology from Historical Aerial and Satellite Archives

Author: William S. Hanson,Ioana A. Oltean

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461445051

Category: Social Science

Page: 344

View: 7718

Historical archives of vertical photographs and satellite images acquired for other purposes (mainly declassified military reconnaissance) offer considerable potential for archaeological and historical landscape research. They provide a unique insight into the character of the landscape as it was over half a century ago, before the destructive impact of later 20th century development and intensive land use. They provide a high quality photographic record not merely of the landscape at that time, but offer the prospect of the better survival of remains reflecting its earlier history, whether manifest as earthworks, cropmarks or soilmarks. These various sources of imagery also provide an opportunity to examine from the air areas of Europe and beyond whose skies are still not open to traditional archaeological aerial reconnaissance. Tens of millions of such images are held in archives around the world, but their research potential goes very largely untapped. A primary aim of this volume is to draw to wider attention the existence, scope and potential access to historical archival aerial and satellite photographs, in order to encourage their use in a range of archaeological and landscape research. By drawing attention to this massive archival resource, providing examples of its successful application to archaeological/landscape questions, and offering advice how to access and utilise the resource, the volume seeks to bring this material to wider attention, demonstrate its huge potential for archaeology, encourage its further use and stimulate a new approach to archaeological survey and the study of landscape evolution internationally. ​

Roman Scotland

Frontier Country

Author: David John Breeze

Publisher: B. T. Batsford Limited


Category: Fortification, Roman

Page: 128

View: 9283

The Romans tried to conquer Scotland three times 2000 years ago. These forays have left their mark, which can still be seen in the form of earthworks - the remains of forts and frontiers constructed by the army. This study shows the effect of these periods of occupation on Scotland and its people.

Ritual, Belief and the Dead in Early Modern Britain and Ireland

Author: Sarah Tarlow

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139492969

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

View: 890

Drawing on archaeological, historical, theological, scientific and folkloric sources, Sarah Tarlow's interdisciplinary study examines belief as it relates to the dead body in early modern Britain and Ireland. From the theological discussion of bodily resurrection to the folkloric use of body parts as remedies, and from the judicial punishment of the corpse to the ceremonial interment of the social elite, this book discusses how seemingly incompatible beliefs about the dead body existed in parallel through this tumultuous period. This study, which is the first to incorporate archaeological evidence of early modern death and burial from across Britain and Ireland, addresses new questions about the materiality of death: what the dead body means, and how its physical substance could be attributed with sentience and even agency. It provides a sophisticated original interpretive framework for the growing quantities of archaeological and historical evidence about mortuary beliefs and practices in early modernity.

From the Air

Understanding Aerial Archaeology

Author: Kenneth Brophy,David Cowley

Publisher: Tempus Pub Limited

ISBN: 9780752431307

Category: Social Science

Page: 190

View: 1929

British practitioners, photographers and interpreters from the aerial archaeological community present a counterpoint to the traditional textbook - a companion to David Wilsons Air Photo Interpretation.

Topography of Roman Scotland

North of the Antonine Wall

Author: O. G. S. Crawford

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107684730

Category: History

Page: 206

View: 9146

This 1949 book provides an illustrated description of all the Roman remains in Scotland north of the Antonine Wall (i.e. the Forth-Clyde line). It contains an introductory chapter describing the various antiquities in the course of the journey, and methods of identification on the ground and from the air.

Across the North Sea

Later Historical Archaeology in Britain and Denmark, C. 1500-2000 AD

Author: Henrik Harnow,David Cranstone,Paul Bedford,Lene Host-madsen

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9788776746582

Category: History

Page: 344

View: 2319

What is historical archaeology? What are the challenges facing archaeologists looking at the remains of the last 500 years? What are the issues for archaeology itself in today's rapidly-changing economic and political circumstances? How can we develop a uniquely European historical archaeology? The result of a conference in 2009, Across the North Sea contains 24 papers from 28 leading archaeologists, historians, curators and heritage managers from Britain and Denmark, and explores a wide range of issues - including the development of the discipline and current practice in both countries, together with a range of case studies, and discussion of future directions. This fascinating book provides an essential guide for anyone wanting to understand the evolving discipline of historical archaeology in Britain, Denmark and the North Sea region.

Roman Camps in Wales and the Marches

Author: J. L. Davies,Rebecca H. Jones

Publisher: N.A


Category: Social Science

Page: 230

View: 5701

The Roman army in Britain left a rich archaeological legacy in the form of permanently occupied installations such as legionary fortresses, auxiliary forts and frontier works. Less well-known are those field-works built by the army on campaign – marching-camps – or as part of its rigorous training regimes, namely practice-works. This volume presents a detailed study of these lesser-known field entrenchments in Wales and the Marches, a region which for a generation from the mid-first century AD became the focus of operations in southern Britain. Thereafter, complexes of practice-works in the vicinity of permanently occupied military bases illustrate the importance of the region to the training regimes of the provincial army. This volume presents a detailed description of those varied camps recorded in Wales and the Marches in the form of a gazetteer, together with plans of all accessible sites, thereby complementing those already published for most of England by the RCAHME. The camps are discussed against the background of Roman military castramentation and tactics on a wide chronological and geographical front, with specific reference to the story of early campaigning in this western region, as well as the subsequent garrisoning phase, as illustrated by a combination of literary and archaeological evidence.

Atlas of Scottish History to 1707

Author: Anona May Lyons

Publisher: Scottish Medievalists and Department O Dinburgh


Category: Reference

Page: 462

View: 588

Understanding Roman Frontiers

A Celebration for Professor Bill Hanson

Author: David John Breeze,Rebecca H. Jones,Ioana Adina Oltean,W. S. Hanson

Publisher: John Donald Publishers

ISBN: 9781906566852

Category: Rome

Page: 398

View: 5170

"The focus of this book is how we understand the operation and function of Roman frontiers, how we learn about the effect of these frontiers on the people who lived in their vicinity, and how new scientific techniques, particularly remote sensing, help us to extend our knowledge."--Book jacket.

Post-Roman Britain to Anglo-Saxon England

Burial Practices Reviewed

Author: Elizabeth O'Brien

Publisher: British Archaeological Reports Limited


Category: Social Science

Page: 204

View: 1832

A general review of burial practices from the Late Iron Age up to and including the Anglo-Saxon period. Elizabeth O'Brien's study includes evidence for burial rites, human remains, burial structures and enclosures, and brief mention of grave goods where they appear. She seeks to explain, through literary references as well as the evidence cited, why certain burial practices were used and where they were influenced from. More than half the book is devoted to a database of cemetery and burial data compiled by the author.

Medieval moated sites

Author: F. A. Aberg

Publisher: Council for British Archaeology(GB)


Category: History

Page: 93

View: 4345