Mexico and the Spanish Conquest

Author: Ross Hassig

Publisher: University of Oklahoma Press

ISBN: 0806148195

Category: History

Page: 288

View: 335

What role did indigenous peoples play in the Spanish conquest of Mexico? Ross Hassig explores this question in Mexico and the Spanish Conquest by incorporating primary accounts from the Indians of Mexico and revisiting the events of the conquest against the backdrop of the Aztec empire, the culture and politics of Mesoamerica, and the military dynamics of both sides. He analyzes the weapons, tactics, and strategies employed by both the Indians and the Spaniards, and concludes that the conquest was less a Spanish victory than it was a victory of Indians over other Indians, which the Spaniards were able to exploit to their own advantage. In this second edition of his classic work, Hassig incorporates new research in the same concise manner that made the original edition so popular and provides further explanations of the actions and motivations of Cortés, Moteuczoma, and other key figures. He also explores their impact on larger events and examines in greater detail Spanish military tactics and strategies.

Gender and Power in Prehispanic Mesoamerica

Author: Rosemary A. Joyce

Publisher: University of Texas Press

ISBN: 0292779739

Category: Social Science

Page: 287

View: 7252

Gender was a fluid potential, not a fixed category, before the Spaniards came to Mesoamerica. Childhood training and ritual shaped, but did not set, adult gender, which could encompass third genders and alternative sexualities as well as "male" and "female." At the height of the Classic period, Maya rulers presented themselves as embodying the entire range of gender possibilities, from male through female, by wearing blended costumes and playing male and female roles in state ceremonies. This landmark book offers the first comprehensive description and analysis of gender and power relations in prehispanic Mesoamerica from the Formative Period Olmec world (ca. 1500-500 BC) through the Postclassic Maya and Aztec societies of the sixteenth century AD. Using approaches from contemporary gender theory, Rosemary Joyce explores how Mesoamericans created human images to represent idealized notions of what it meant to be male and female and to depict proper gender roles. She then juxtaposes these images with archaeological evidence from burials, house sites, and body ornaments, which reveals that real gender roles were more fluid and variable than the stereotyped images suggest.

The Animals of Spain

An Introduction to Imperial Perceptions and Human Interaction with Other Animals, 1492-1826

Author: Abel Alves

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004193898

Category: Social Science

Page: 226

View: 7128

An overlooked area in the burgeoning field of animal studies is explored: the way nonhuman animals in the early modern Spanish empire were valued companions, as well as economic resources. Montaigne was not alone in his appreciation of animal life.

Zeitschrift für Ethnologie

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Anthropology

Page: N.A

View: 2185

Includes the society's Verhandlungen, Oct. 1870-1902; and its Nachrichten über deutsche Altertumsfunde, 1890-1904, pu. as a separate supplement to the journal.

Dancing the New World

Aztecs, Spaniards, and the Choreography of Conquest

Author: Paul A. Scolieri

Publisher: University of Texas Press

ISBN: 0292744927

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 205

View: 4862

Winner, Oscar G. Brockett Book Prize in Dance Research, 2014 Honorable Mention, Sally Banes Publication Prize, American Society for Theatre Research, 2014 de la Torre Bueno® Special Citation, Society of Dance History Scholars, 2013 From Christopher Columbus to “first anthropologist” Friar Bernardino de Sahagún, fifteenth- and sixteenth-century explorers, conquistadors, clerics, scientists, and travelers wrote about the “Indian” dances they encountered throughout the New World. This was especially true of Spanish missionaries who intensively studied and documented native dances in an attempt to identify and eradicate the “idolatrous” behaviors of the Aztec, the largest indigenous empire in Mesoamerica at the time of its European discovery. Dancing the New World traces the transformation of the Aztec empire into a Spanish colony through written and visual representations of dance in colonial discourse—the vast constellation of chronicles, histories, letters, and travel books by Europeans in and about the New World. Scolieri analyzes how the chroniclers used the Indian dancing body to represent their own experiences of wonder and terror in the New World, as well as to justify, lament, and/or deny their role in its political, spiritual, and physical conquest. He also reveals that Spaniards and Aztecs shared an understanding that dance played an important role in the formation, maintenance, and representation of imperial power, and describes how Spaniards compelled Indians to perform dances that dramatized their own conquest, thereby transforming them into colonial subjects. Scolieri’s pathfinding analysis of the vast colonial “dance archive” conclusively demonstrates that dance played a crucial role in one of the defining moments in modern history—the European colonization of the Americas.

The Mixe of Oaxaca

Religion, Ritual, and Healing

Author: Frank J. Lipp

Publisher: University of Texas Press

ISBN: 0292788312

Category: Social Science

Page: 275

View: 9443

The Mixe of Oaxaca was the first extensive ethnography of the Mixe, with a special focus on Mixe religious beliefs and rituals and the curing practices associated with them. It records the procedures, design-plan, corresponding prayers, and symbolic context of well over one hundred rituals. Frank Lipp has written a new preface for this edition, in which he comments on the relationship of Mixe religion to current theoretical understandings of present-day Middle American folk religions.

Florentine Codex: Book 2

Book 2: the Ceremonies

Author: Bernardino De Sahagun,Arthur J. O. Anderson,Charles E. Dibble

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781607811589

Category: History

Page: 256

View: 6578

Presents an encyclopedic study of native life in Mexico at the time of the Spanish conquest.

Sin Puertas Visibles

Author: Jen Hofer

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780822957980

Category: Poetry

Page: 241

View: 6004

A bilingual anthology offers poems by eleven women who have had books of poetry published in Mexico, but whose works have heretofore never been available in English.

The Idol in the Age of Art

Objects, Devotions and the Early Modern World

Author: Michael Wayne Cole,Rebecca Zorach

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 9780754652908

Category: History

Page: 356

View: 2404

Conflicting attitudes towards devotional art was a major factor in the confessional divisions that split Reformation Europe. By presenting essays concerned with both European subjects and European perceptions of other cultures, The Idol in the Age of Art contributes to ongoing attempts to globalize the study of European art. Approaching the Reformation idol as an essentially international problem, and placing particular emphasis on cultural encounters, it provides fresh perspectives on the very nature of Renaissance art, and underscores how colonial issues came to be often framed in terms of European religious conflicts.

Mesoamerican Mythology

A Guide to the Gods, Heroes, Rituals, and Beliefs of Mexico and Central America

Author: Kay Almere Read,Jason J. Gonzalez

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0195149092

Category: Fiction

Page: 335

View: 8049

An excellent resource, Handbook of Mesoamerican Mythology introduces readers to the mythology of Mexico and Central America. Its chief focus is on Mexican Highland and Maya areas, as they were, and are, of utmost importance to Mesoamerican history. An extensive and edifying introduction defines the nature of myth, the Mesoamericans as a people, and the cultural worldview that informed Mesoamerican mythology. The Handbook presents historical and mythological timelines, with each time period and cultural group fully defined. Also featured is a quick geographical and historical survey of Mesoamerica from the Paleoindian Era to the present, as well as a discussion of some of the challenges and possibilities that structure Mesoamerican studies. Moreover, an extensive reference list and a glossary of cultural and mythological terms are included, and pronunciation guides are given throughout. With an annotated bibliography that ranges from film to websites, fiction to poetry, and from introductory to scholarly works, the book is an all-embracing portal to its subject.

Aztec

The World of Moctezuma

Author: Jane Stevenson Day,Eduardo Matos Moctezuma

Publisher: Roberts Rinehart Publishers

ISBN: N.A

Category: Art

Page: 88

View: 3267

A magnificently illustrated guide to the world of the Aztec people illuminates in colorful photographs and writing Aztec culture, religion, art, and activities of everyday life just prior to the Spanish invasion of 1519. Published in cooperation with the Denver Museum of Natural History which is showing an Aztec exhibit from September 1992 through April 1993.