Gender and Power in Prehispanic Mesoamerica

Author: Rosemary A. Joyce

Publisher: University of Texas Press

ISBN: 0292779739

Category: Social Science

Page: 287

View: 5038

Gender was a fluid potential, not a fixed category, before the Spaniards came to Mesoamerica. Childhood training and ritual shaped, but did not set, adult gender, which could encompass third genders and alternative sexualities as well as "male" and "female." At the height of the Classic period, Maya rulers presented themselves as embodying the entire range of gender possibilities, from male through female, by wearing blended costumes and playing male and female roles in state ceremonies. This landmark book offers the first comprehensive description and analysis of gender and power relations in prehispanic Mesoamerica from the Formative Period Olmec world (ca. 1500-500 BC) through the Postclassic Maya and Aztec societies of the sixteenth century AD. Using approaches from contemporary gender theory, Rosemary Joyce explores how Mesoamericans created human images to represent idealized notions of what it meant to be male and female and to depict proper gender roles. She then juxtaposes these images with archaeological evidence from burials, house sites, and body ornaments, which reveals that real gender roles were more fluid and variable than the stereotyped images suggest.

The Animals of Spain

An Introduction to Imperial Perceptions and Human Interaction with Other Animals, 1492-1826

Author: Abel Alves

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004193898

Category: Social Science

Page: 226

View: 3520

An overlooked area in the burgeoning field of animal studies is explored: the way nonhuman animals in the early modern Spanish empire were valued companions, as well as economic resources. Montaigne was not alone in his appreciation of animal life.

Florentine Codex: Book 2

Book 2: the Ceremonies

Author: Bernardino De Sahagun,Arthur J. O. Anderson,Charles E. Dibble

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781607811589

Category: History

Page: 256

View: 5981

Presents an encyclopedic study of native life in Mexico at the time of the Spanish conquest.

Zeitschrift für Ethnologie

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Anthropology

Page: N.A

View: 7650

Includes the society's Verhandlungen, Oct. 1870-1902; and its Nachrichten über deutsche Altertumsfunde, 1890-1904, pu. as a separate supplement to the journal.

Dancing the New World

Aztecs, Spaniards, and the Choreography of Conquest

Author: Paul A. Scolieri

Publisher: University of Texas Press

ISBN: 0292744927

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 205

View: 7414

Winner, Oscar G. Brockett Book Prize in Dance Research, 2014 Honorable Mention, Sally Banes Publication Prize, American Society for Theatre Research, 2014 de la Torre Bueno® Special Citation, Society of Dance History Scholars, 2013 From Christopher Columbus to “first anthropologist” Friar Bernardino de Sahagún, fifteenth- and sixteenth-century explorers, conquistadors, clerics, scientists, and travelers wrote about the “Indian” dances they encountered throughout the New World. This was especially true of Spanish missionaries who intensively studied and documented native dances in an attempt to identify and eradicate the “idolatrous” behaviors of the Aztec, the largest indigenous empire in Mesoamerica at the time of its European discovery. Dancing the New World traces the transformation of the Aztec empire into a Spanish colony through written and visual representations of dance in colonial discourse—the vast constellation of chronicles, histories, letters, and travel books by Europeans in and about the New World. Scolieri analyzes how the chroniclers used the Indian dancing body to represent their own experiences of wonder and terror in the New World, as well as to justify, lament, and/or deny their role in its political, spiritual, and physical conquest. He also reveals that Spaniards and Aztecs shared an understanding that dance played an important role in the formation, maintenance, and representation of imperial power, and describes how Spaniards compelled Indians to perform dances that dramatized their own conquest, thereby transforming them into colonial subjects. Scolieri’s pathfinding analysis of the vast colonial “dance archive” conclusively demonstrates that dance played a crucial role in one of the defining moments in modern history—the European colonization of the Americas.

The Mixe of Oaxaca

Religion, Ritual, and Healing

Author: Frank J. Lipp

Publisher: University of Texas Press

ISBN: 0292788312

Category: Social Science

Page: 275

View: 2253

The Mixe of Oaxaca was the first extensive ethnography of the Mixe, with a special focus on Mixe religious beliefs and rituals and the curing practices associated with them. It records the procedures, design-plan, corresponding prayers, and symbolic context of well over one hundred rituals. Frank Lipp has written a new preface for this edition, in which he comments on the relationship of Mixe religion to current theoretical understandings of present-day Middle American folk religions.

Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit

Author: Yuval Noah Harari

Publisher: DVA

ISBN: 364110498X

Category: History

Page: 528

View: 6124

Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.

The Ceremonies

Author: Arthur J. O. Anderson,Charles E. Dibble

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780874801941

Category: Aztecs

Page: 247

View: 4485

Written between 1540 and 1585, "The ""Florentine Codex" (so named because the manuscript has been part of the Laurentian Library s collections since at least 1791) is the most authoritative statement we have of the Aztecs lifeways and traditions a rich and intimate yet panoramic view of a doomed people. "

Sin Puertas Visibles

Author: Jen Hofer

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780822957980

Category: Poetry

Page: 241

View: 2762

A bilingual anthology offers poems by eleven women who have had books of poetry published in Mexico, but whose works have heretofore never been available in English.

The Idol in the Age of Art

Objects, Devotions and the Early Modern World

Author: Michael Wayne Cole,Rebecca Zorach

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 9780754652908

Category: History

Page: 356

View: 1662

Conflicting attitudes towards devotional art was a major factor in the confessional divisions that split Reformation Europe. By presenting essays concerned with both European subjects and European perceptions of other cultures, The Idol in the Age of Art contributes to ongoing attempts to globalize the study of European art. Approaching the Reformation idol as an essentially international problem, and placing particular emphasis on cultural encounters, it provides fresh perspectives on the very nature of Renaissance art, and underscores how colonial issues came to be often framed in terms of European religious conflicts.