Food Processing Operations and Scale-up

Author: Kenneth J. Valentas,J. Peter Clark,Leon Levin

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780824782795

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 408

View: 6865

Intended for students and practitioners who have a basic education in chemical engineering or food science. Contains basic information in each area and describes some of the fundamental ideas of processing development and design. Examines the food industry structure, how it works, consumer products,

Modeling Food Processing Operations

Author: Serafim Bakalis,Kai Knoerzer,Peter J Fryer

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 178242296X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 372

View: 699

Computational modeling is an important tool for understanding and improving food processing and manufacturing. It is used for many different purposes, including process design and process optimization. However, modeling goes beyond the process and can include applications to understand and optimize food storage and the food supply chain, and to perform a life cycle analysis. Modeling Food Processing Operations provides a comprehensive overview of the various applications of modeling in conventional food processing. The needs of industry, current practices, and state-of-the-art technologies are examined, and case studies are provided. Part One provides an introduction to the topic, with a particular focus on modeling and simulation strategies in food processing operations. Part Two reviews the modeling of various food processes involving heating and cooling. These processes include: thermal inactivation; sterilization and pasteurization; drying; baking; frying; and chilled and frozen food processing, storage and display. Part Three examines the modeling of multiphase unit operations such as membrane separation, extrusion processes and food digestion, and reviews models used to optimize food distribution. Comprehensively reviews the various applications of modeling in conventional food processing Examines the modeling of multiphase unit operations and various food processes involving heating and cooling Analyzes the models used to optimize food distribution

Handbook of Food Processing Equipment

Author: George D. Saravacos,Athanasios E. Kostaropoulos

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780306472763

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 698

View: 9120

This book covers the design, selection, and operation of industrial equipment, used in the processing, storage and packaging of foods. Equipment design is based on the principles of transport phenomena and unit operations of Process Engineering, and the physical and transport properties of foods. Food quality and food safety aspects, related to food processing equipment, are emphasized. Food processing equipment is classified and described according to the basic unit operations, including mechanical transport, mechanical processing and separations, heat transfer operations, evaporation, dehydration, thermal processing, refrigeration/freezing, and mass transfer. Special equipment used in food packaging and novel food processing is also described. Typical numerical examples illustrate the sizing and selection of some important food processing equipment. Selected equipment suppliers are also listed.

Food Processing Operations Modeling

Design and Analysis

Author: Joseph M. Irudayaraj

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780203908105

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 368

View: 9402

A comprehensive survey of thermal processing and modelling techniques in food process engineering. It combines theory and practice to solve actual problems in the food processing industry - emphasizing heat and mass transfer, fluid flow, electromagnetics, stochastic processes, and neural network analysis in food systems. There are specific case studies with over 350 numerical and computational equations and solutions.

Industrial Process Scale-up

A Practical Innovation Guide from Idea to Commercial Implementation

Author: Jan Harmsen

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0444627391

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 112

View: 6381

This book will help industrial process innovators in research, development and commercial start-up to assess the risks of commercial-scale implementation and provide them with practical guidelines and methods to reduce the risks to acceptable levels. The book can also be used in co-operation with industrial R&D people and academic researchers to shape open innovation programs and in education as a reference book for process innovation courses. Offers easily accessible, step-by-step, and concise guidelines for industrial process scale-up Explains each stage of the innovation funnel: research, development, demonstration, commercial implementation for any process type and branch Based on industrial experiences and practices, which reduces the risks of commercial scale implementation of new processes to acceptable levels and reduces cost and time of process innovation Very clear, attractive layout, using text boxes that contain clarifying notes and additional information on specific topics, which makes it a quick reference of main subjects and additional information

Adapting High Hydrostatic Pressure (HPP) for Food Processing Operations

Author: Tatiana Koutchma

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0124200990

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 78

View: 2874

Adapting High Hydrostatic Pressure (HPP) for Food Processing Operations presents commercial benefits of HPP technology for specific processing operations in the food industry, including raw and ready-to-eat (RTE) meat processing, dairy and seafood products, drinks and beverages, and other emerging processes. The book presents high hydrostatic pressure processing (HPP) for treatment of different groups of raw and finished products, focusing on specific pressure-induced effects that will lead to different biological impacts, and the information necessary for specifying HPP process and equipment. It also discusses phenomena of compression heating, the HPP in-container principle, requirements for plastic materials, factors affecting efficacy of HPP treatments, and available commercial systems. Additionally, the book provides updated information on the regulatory status of HPP technology around the world. This book is an ideal concise resource for food process engineers, food technologists, product developers, federal and state regulators, equipment manufacturers, graduate students, and educators involved in research and development. Includes case studies for HPP treatment of commercially produced foods with information regarding different HPP processing equipment Gives examples of specific applications for meat and poultry products treatments, fresh juices and beverages, and seafood Covers energy savings, environmental aspects of HPP technology, and regulatory status

Food Processing Technology

Principles and Practice

Author: P J Fellows

Publisher: Woodhead Publishing

ISBN: 0081005237

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1152

View: 9209

Food Processing Technology: Principles and Practice, Fourth Edition, has been updated and extended to include the many developments that have taken place since the third edition was published. The new edition includes an overview of the component subjects in food science and technology, processing stages, important aspects of food industry management not otherwise considered (e.g. financial management, marketing, food laws and food industry regulation), value chains, the global food industry, and over-arching considerations (e.g. environmental issues and sustainability). In addition, there are new chapters on industrial cooking, heat removal, storage, and distribution, along with updates on all the remaining chapters. This updated edition consolidates the position of this foundational book as the best single-volume introduction to food manufacturing technologies available, remaining as the most adopted standard text for many food science and technology courses. Updated edition completely revised with new developments on all the processing stages and aspects of food industry management not otherwise considered (e.g. financial management, marketing, food laws, and food industry regulation), and more Introduces a range of processing techniques that are used in food manufacturing Explains the key principles of each process, including the equipment used and the effects of processing on micro-organisms that contaminate foods Describes post-processing operations, including packaging and distribution logistics Includes extra textbook elements, such as videos and calculations slides, in addition to summaries of key points in each chapter

Handbook of Nutraceuticals Volume II

Scale-Up, Processing and Automation

Author: Yashwant Vishnupant Pathak

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439823707

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 593

View: 8069

Due in part to an absence of universally accepted standardization methods, nutraceuticals and functional foods face regulatory ignorance, marketing incompetence and ethical impunity. Even though many researchers believe that there is a connection between nutraceuticals and functional foods and reduced health care expenses as well as disease prevention, the credibility and quality control challenge remains. The industry needs more standardized testing, reliable reproducible clinical studies to prove the efficacies of products in vivo, and in-process controls to maintain universal product quality. The first volume of the Handbook of Nutraceuticals re-defined Nutraceuticals, covering the regulatory aspect as well as insisting on the cGMP’s and SOP’s for the nutraceutical manufacturing. This second volume focuses on the scale up, processing, and automation of nutraceutical production under cGMP production regulations. It covers: Advancements in extraction methods Unit operations involved in scaling up and processing Rheological and flow properties of products as characterization parameters Fortification and value enhancement using nanotechnology Green concepts in food industry Flavoring of nutraceuticals Clinical batch nutraceutical manufacturing New technologies to prevent counterfeiting Automation in nutraceutical industry The nutraceutical market is at the crossroads. With a nearly $200 billion market for nutraceuticals and functional foods by end of 2013, and promising developments in product design and discovery, the industry must be ready for intense scrutiny. The standardization of testing, clinical studies, and adherence to rigorous industry and scientific methods is necessary for the advancement, acceptance, and development of high quality, effective nutraceuticals. With contributions from leading authorities, this book brings together hundreds of years of combined experience to provide guidance on how to increase the quality and credibility of nutraceutical products.

Food Process Engineering and Technology

Author: Zeki Berk

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128120541

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 742

View: 1054

Food Process Engineering and Technology, Third Edition combines scientific depth with practical usefulness, creating a tool for graduate students and practicing food engineers, technologists and researchers looking for the latest information on transformation and preservation processes and process control and plant hygiene topics. This fully updated edition provides recent research and developments in the area, features sections on elements of food plant design, an introductory section on the elements of classical fluid mechanics, a section on non-thermal processes, and recent technologies, such as freeze concentration, osmotic dehydration, and active packaging that are discussed in detail. Provides a strong emphasis on the relationship between engineering and product quality/safety Considers cost and environmental factors Presents a fully updated, adequate review of recent research and developments in the area Includes a new, full chapter on elements of food plant design Covers recent technologies, such as freeze concentration, osmotic dehydration, and active packaging that are discussed in detail

Unit Operations in Food Processing

Author: R. L. Earle

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483293106

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 216

View: 9514

This long awaited second edition of a popular textbook has a simple and direct approach to the diversity and complexity of food processing. It explains the principles of operations and illustrates them by individual processes. The new edition has been enlarged to include sections on freezing, drying, psychrometry, and a completely new section on mechanical refrigeration. All the units have been converted to SI measure. Each chapter contains unworked examples to help the student gain a grasp of the subject, and although primarily intended for the student food technologist or process engineer, this book will also be useful to technical workers in the food industry

Ultrasound: Advances in Food Processing and Preservation

Author: Daniela Bermudez-Aguirre

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128046147

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 556

View: 1008

Ultrasound is an emerging technology that has been widely explored in food science and technology since the late 1990s. The book is divided into three main areas.Chapters 1 to 5 focus on the basic principles of ultrasound and how the technology works on microbial cells, enzymes, and the chemistry behind the process. Chapters 6 to 15 cover the application of ultrasound in specific food products and processes, discussing changes on food quality and presenting some innovations in food ingredients and enhancement of unit operations. Finally, Chapters 16 to 20 present some topics about manufacture of ultrasound equipment and simulation of the process, the use of the technology to treat food industry wastewater, and an industry perspective. The laws and regulations concerning emerging technologies, such as ultrasound, are also discussed, including the new Food Safety Modernization Act. Provides a clear and comprehensive panorama of ultrasound technology Contains updated research behind this technology Brings the current tested product and future uses Explores potential future use within the food industry

Principles of Food Processing

Author: Dennis R. Heldman,Richard W Hartel

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780834212695

Category: Cooking

Page: 288

View: 642

This book focuses on the most common unit operations utilized in modern food processing operations. It contains both descriptive and quantitative analysis of the typical food processes found in modern food processing plants. The descriptive information provides students with background on the process and the impact of the process on food product quality. The quantitative description assists the student in understanding the ability of the process to achieve the desired result and the consequences of improper operation of the process. Examples utilizing different food commodities are incorporated to ensure that the student gains an appreciation of the relationship between commodities and processes.

Modeling Food Processing Operations

Author: Serafim Bakalis,Kai Knoerzer,Peter J Fryer

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 178242296X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 372

View: 8775

Computational modeling is an important tool for understanding and improving food processing and manufacturing. It is used for many different purposes, including process design and process optimization. However, modeling goes beyond the process and can include applications to understand and optimize food storage and the food supply chain, and to perform a life cycle analysis. Modeling Food Processing Operations provides a comprehensive overview of the various applications of modeling in conventional food processing. The needs of industry, current practices, and state-of-the-art technologies are examined, and case studies are provided. Part One provides an introduction to the topic, with a particular focus on modeling and simulation strategies in food processing operations. Part Two reviews the modeling of various food processes involving heating and cooling. These processes include: thermal inactivation; sterilization and pasteurization; drying; baking; frying; and chilled and frozen food processing, storage and display. Part Three examines the modeling of multiphase unit operations such as membrane separation, extrusion processes and food digestion, and reviews models used to optimize food distribution. Comprehensively reviews the various applications of modeling in conventional food processing Examines the modeling of multiphase unit operations and various food processes involving heating and cooling Analyzes the models used to optimize food distribution

Engineering Aspects of Food Emulsification and Homogenization

Author: Marilyn Rayner,Petr Dejmek

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466580445

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 331

View: 2649

Emulsions are found in a wide variety of food products, pharmaceuticals, paints, and cosmetics, thus emulsification is a truly multidisciplinary phenomenon. Therefore understanding of the process must evolve from the combination of (at least) three different scientific specializations. Engineering Aspects of Food Emulsification and Homogenization describes the state-of-the-art technology and brings together aspects from physical chemistry, fluid mechanics, and chemical engineering. The book explores the unit operations used in emulsification and homogenization processes, using fundamental theory from different fields to discuss design and function of different emulsification techniques. This book summarizes the present understanding of the involved physical–chemical processes as well as specific information about the limits and possibilities for the different types of emulsifying equipment. It covers colloidal chemistry and engineering aspects of emulsification and discusses high-energy and low-energy emulsification methods. The chapters highlight low-energy emulsification processes such as membrane emulsification that are now industrially feasible. Dramatically more energy-efficient processes are being developed, and this book clarifies their present limitations, such us scale-up and achievable droplet sizes. The present literature on emulsification is, to a large degree, influenced by the division between physical chemistry, fluid dynamics, and chemical engineering. Written by experts drawn from academia and industry, this book brings those areas together to provide a comprehensive resource that gives a deeper understanding of emulsification and homogenization in food product development.

Innovative Food Processing Technologies

Extraction, Separation, Component Modification and Process Intensification

Author: Kai Knoerzer,Pablo Juliano,Geoffrey W Smithers

Publisher: Woodhead Publishing

ISBN: 008100298X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 510

View: 1778

Innovative Food Processing Technologies: Extraction, Separation, Component Modification and Process Intensification focuses on advances in new and novel non-thermal processing technologies which allow food producers to modify and process food with minimal damage to the foodstuffs. The book is highly focused on the application of new and novel technologies, beginning with an introductory chapter, and then detailing technologies which can be used to extract food components. Further sections on the use of technologies to modify the structure of food and the separation of food components are also included, with a final section focusing on process intensification and enhancement. Provides information on a variety of food processing technologies Focuses on advances in new and novel non-thermal processing technologies which allow food producers to modify and process food with minimal damage to the foodstuffs Presents a strong focus on the application of technologies in a variety of situations Created by editors who have a background in both the industry and academia

Computational Fluid Dynamics in Food Processing

Author: Da-Wen Sun

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420009217

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 760

View: 4896

The implementation of early-stage simulation tools, specifically computational fluid dynamics (CFD), is an international and interdisciplinary trend that allows engineers to computer-test concepts all the way through the development of a process or system. With the enhancement of computing power and efficiency, and the availability of affordable CFD packages, the applications of CFD have extended into the food industry for modeling industrial processes, performing comprehensive analyses, and optimizing the efficiency and cost effectiveness of the new processes and systems. Beginning a new series dedicated to contemporary, up-to-date food engineering practices, Computational Fluid Dynamics in Food Processing is the first book of its kind to illustrate the use of CFD for solving heat and mass transfer problems in the food industry. Using a computational grid, CFD solves governing equations that describe fluid flow across each grid cell by means of an iterative procedure in order to predict and visualize the profiles of velocity, temperature, pressure, and other parameters. Starting with an overview of CFD technology and applications, the book illustrates the use of CFD for gaining a qualitative and quantitative assessment of the performance of processes involving heat and mass transfer. Specific chapters cover airflow in refrigerated trucks, retail display cabinets, microwaves, and doorways; velocity in meat dryers and spray drying; thermal sterilization; plate heat exchangers; membrane separation systems; jet impingement ovens; food extrusion and high-pressure processing; prediction of hygiene; design of biosensors; and the fermentation of tea and ripening of cheese. Drawing from an esteemed panel of international professionals and academics, this groundbreaking bookprovides engineers and technologists in research, development, and operations with critical, comprehensive, and readily accessible information on the art and science of CFD technology.

Chemical Engineering for the Food Industry

Author: D. Leo Pyle,Peter J. Fryer,Chris D. Reilly

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461538645

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 462

View: 3408

Industrial food processing involves the production of added value foods on a large scale; these foods are made by mixing and processing different ingredients in a prescribed way. The food industry, historically, has not designed its processes in an engineering sense, i.e. by understanding the physical and chemical principles which govern the operation of the plant and then using those principles to develop a process. Rather, processes have been 'designed' by purchasing equipment from a range of suppliers and then connecting that equipment together to form a complete process. When the process being run has essentially been scaled up from the kitchen then this may not matter. However, there are limits to the approach. • As the industry becomes more sophisticated, and economies of scale are exploited, then the size of plant reaches a scale where systematic design techniques are needed. • The range of processes and products made by the food industry has increased to include foods which have no kitchen counterpart, such as low-fat spreads. • It is vital to ensure the quality and safety of the product. • Plant must be flexible and able to cope with the need to make a variety of products from a range of ingredients. This is especially important as markets evolve with time. • The traditional design process cannot readily handle multi-product and multi-stream operations. • Processes must be energetically efficient and meet modern environmen tal standards.

Extrusion Cooking

Author: Ch Mercier,Pekka Linko,Judson M. Harper

Publisher: Amer Assn of Cereal Chemists

ISBN: 9780913250679

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 471

View: 5115

Engineering Aspects of Food Extruders. Instrumentation for Extrusion Processes. Extrusion Plant Design. Extrusion Cooking, Modeling, Control, and Optimization. Extrusion Cooking of Starch and Starchy Products. Color. Flavor Formation and Retention During Extrusion. Nutritional Properties of Extruded Food Products. Extrusion Foods and Food Safety.

Food Processing

Recent Developments

Author: Anilkumar G. Gaonkar

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080531847

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 330

View: 1408

Sustained developments in various branches of science and technology have resulted in considerable improvements in food processing methods. These new processing technologies have in turn contributed to enhancement of the quality and acceptability of foods. The aim of this book is to assemble, for handy reference, new developments pertaining to selected food processing technologies. Food processing methods covered include: NMR imaging, on-line NMR, on-line sensors, ultrasonics, synchrotron radiation to study fast events, membrane processing, bioseparation, high pressure processing, aseptic processing, irradiation, freezing, extrusion and extraction technologies. The book, adequately referenced and illustrated with numerous figures and tables, is a valuable reference for scientists, engineers, and technologists in industries and government laboratories involved in food processing, food research and/or development, and also for faculty, advanced undergraduate, graduate and postgraduate students from the Food Science, Food Engineering, and Agricultural Engineering departments.

Biopharmaceutical Processing

Development, Design, and Implementation of Manufacturing Processes

Author: Gunter Jagschies,Eva Lindskog,Karol Lacki,Parrish M. Galliher

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0128125527

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1308

View: 357

Biopharmaceutical Processing: Development, Design, and Implementation of Manufacturing Processes covers bioprocessing from cell line development to bulk drug substances. The methods and strategies described are essential learning for every scientist, engineer or manager in the biopharmaceutical and vaccines industry. The integrity of the bioprocess ultimately determines the quality of the product in the biotherapeutics arena, and this book covers every stage including all technologies related to downstream purification and upstream processing fields. Economic considerations are included throughout, with recommendations for lowering costs and improving efficiencies. Designed for quick reference and easy accessibility of facts, calculations and guidelines, this book is an essential tool for industrial scientists and managers in the biopharmaceutical industry. Offers a comprehensive, go-to reference for daily work decisions Covers both upstream and downstream processes Includes case studies that emphasize financial outcomes Presents summaries, decision grids, graphs and overviews for quick reference