Friends Or Strangers

The Impact of Immigrants on the U.S. Economy

Author: George J. Borjas

Publisher: Basic Books (AZ)

ISBN: N.A

Category: Alien labor

Page: 274

View: 9740

Borjas (economics, U. of California, Santa Barbara) provides a pinched, crabby, misanthropic and xenophobic account of immigration that will likely please political conservatives, social troglodytes, and greedy entrepreneurs. Basically, he bemoans the low quality of recent immigrant labor, and, implicitly at least, the low quality of the immigrants themselves. Where did his family come from? Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Heaven's Door

Immigration Policy and the American Economy

Author: George J. Borjas

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 140084150X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 296

View: 3500

The U.S. took in more than a million immigrants per year in the late 1990s, more than at any other time in history. For humanitarian and many other reasons, this may be good news. But as George Borjas shows in Heaven's Door, it's decidedly mixed news for the American economy--and positively bad news for the country's poorest citizens. Widely regarded as the country's leading immigration economist, Borjas presents the most comprehensive, accessible, and up-to-date account yet of the economic impact of recent immigration on America. He reveals that the benefits of immigration have been greatly exaggerated and that, if we allow immigration to continue unabated and unmodified, we are supporting an astonishing transfer of wealth from the poorest people in the country, who are disproportionately minorities, to the richest. In the course of the book, Borjas carefully analyzes immigrants' skills, national origins, welfare use, economic mobility, and impact on the labor market, and he makes groundbreaking use of new data to trace current trends in ethnic segregation. He also evaluates the implications of the evidence for the type of immigration policy the that U.S. should pursue. Some of his findings are dramatic: Despite estimates that range into hundreds of billions of dollars, net annual gains from immigration are only about $8 billion. In dragging down wages, immigration currently shifts about $160 billion per year from workers to employers and users of immigrants' services. Immigrants today are less skilled than their predecessors, more likely to re-quire public assistance, and far more likely to have children who remain in poor, segregated communities. Borjas considers the moral arguments against restricting immigration and writes eloquently about his own past as an immigrant from Cuba. But he concludes that in the current economic climate--which is less conducive to mass immigration of unskilled labor than past eras--it would be fair and wise to return immigration to the levels of the 1970s (roughly 500,000 per year) and institute policies to favor more skilled immigrants.

Fremde in unserer Mitte

Politische Philosophie der Einwanderung

Author: David Miller

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518754262

Category: Philosophy

Page: 330

View: 5562

Das Thema Einwanderung wirft gewichtige gesellschaftspolitische, moralische und ethische Fragen auf, die seit einiger Zeit im Zentrum intensiver Debatten stehen. Der renommierte britische Philosoph David Miller verteidigt in seinem Buch eine Position zwischen einem starken Kosmopolitismus, der für uneingeschränkte Bewegungsfreiheit und offene Grenzen plädiert, und einem blinden Nationalismus, der oft in pauschale Ausländerfeindlichkeit und dumpfen Rassismus umschlägt. In ständiger Auseinandersetzung mit Gegenargumenten entwickelt er seinen Standpunkt, der die Rechte sowohl der Immigranten als auch der Staatsbürger berücksichtigen soll – und einen schwachen Kosmopolitismus ebenso einschließt wie das Recht von Nationalstaaten, ihre Grenzen zu kontrollieren. Ziel von Millers Ausführungen ist eine Immigrationspolitik liberaler Demokratien, die so gerecht ist wie möglich und so realistisch wie nötig. Ein beeindruckend präzise und nüchtern argumentierendes Buch, das zum Nachdenken anregt und zum Widerspruch reizt.

Fremd in ihrem Land

Eine Reise ins Herz der amerikanischen Rechten

Author: Arlie Russell Hochschild

Publisher: Campus Verlag

ISBN: 3593507668

Category: Political Science

Page: 429

View: 9655

In vielen westlichen Ländern sind rechte, nationalistische Bewegungen auf dem Vormarsch. Wie ist es dazu gekommen? Arlie Russell Hochschild reiste ins Herz der amerikanischen Rechten, nach Louisiana, und suchte fünf Jahre lang das Gespräch mit ihren Landsleuten. Sie traf auf frustrierte Menschen, deren "Amerikanischer Traum" geplatzt ist; Menschen, die sich abgehängt fühlen, den Staat hassen und sich der rechtspopulistischen Tea-Party-Bewegung angeschlossen haben. Hochschild zeigt eine beunruhigende Entwicklung auf, die auch in Europa längst begonnen hat. Hochschilds Reportage ist nicht nur eine erhellende Deutung einer gespaltenen Gesellschaft, sondern auch ein bewegendes Stück Literatur. "Jeder, der das moderne Amerika verstehen möchte, sollte dieses faszinierende Buch lesen." Robert Reich "Ein kluges, respektvolles und fesselndes Buch." New York Times Book Review "Eine anrührende, warmherzige und souverän geschriebene, ungemein gut lesbare teilnehmende Beobachtung. ... Wer ihr Buch liest, versteht die Wähler Trumps, weil sie auf Augenhöhe mit ihnen und nicht über sie spricht." FAZ

The New Economics of Human Behaviour

Author: Mariano Tommasi,Kathryn Ierulli

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521479493

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 238

View: 2263

This 1995 volume demonstrates the application of Beckerian theory upon a wide range of social and political activity.

Hispanics in the United States

A Demographic, Social, and Economic History, 1980-2005

Author: Laird W. Bergad,Herbert S. Klein

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521718104

Category: History

Page: 444

View: 5006

This book examines the transformations in the demographic, social, and economic structures of Latino-Americans in the United States between 1980 and 2005.

Opening the Floodgates

Why America Needs to Rethink its Borders and Immigration Laws

Author: Kevin R. Johnson

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 0814743005

Category: Law

Page: 289

View: 9942

Seeking to re-imagine the meaning and significance of the international border, Opening the Floodgates makes a case for eliminating the border as a legal construct that impedes the movement of people into this country. Open migration policies deserve fuller analysis, as evidenced by President Barack Obama’s pledge to make immigration reform a priority. Kevin R. Johnson offers an alternative vision of how U.S. borders might be reconfigured, grounded in moral, economic, and policy arguments for open borders. Importantly, liberalizing migration through an open borders policy would recognize that the enforcement of closed borders cannot stifle the strong, perhaps irresistible, economic, social, and political pressures that fuel international migration. Controversially, Johnson suggests that open borders are entirely consistent with efforts to prevent terrorism that have dominated immigration enforcement since the events of September 11, 2001. More liberal migration, he suggests, would allow for full attention to be paid to the true dangers to public safety and national security.

Brain Gain

Rethinking U.S. Immigration Policy

Author: Darrell M. West

Publisher: Brookings Institution Press

ISBN: 0815722311

Category: Political Science

Page: 182

View: 6006

Many of America's greatest artists, scientists, investors, educators, and entrepreneurs have come from abroad. Rather than suffering from the "brain drain" of talented and educated individuals emigrating, the United States has benefited greatly over the years from the "brain gain" of immigration. These gifted immigrants have engineered advances in energy, information technology, international commerce, sports, arts, and culture. To stay competitive, the United States must institute more of an open-door policy to attract unique talents from other nations. Yet Americans resist such a policy despite their own immigrant histories and the substantial social, economic, intellectual, and cultural benefits of welcoming newcomers. Why? In Brain Gain, Darrell West asserts that perception or "vision" is one reason reform in immigration policy is so politically difficult. Public discourse tends to emphasize the perceived negatives. Fear too often trumps optimism and reason. And democracy is messy, with policy principles that are often difficult to reconcile. The seeming irrationality of U.S. immigration policy arises from a variety of thorny and interrelated factors: particularistic politics and fragmented institutions, public concern regarding education and employment, anger over taxes and social services, and ambivalence about national identity, culture, and language. Add to that stew a myopic (or worse) press, persistent fears of terrorism, and the difficulties of implementing border enforcement and legal justice. West prescribes a series of reforms that will put America on a better course and enhance its long-term social and economic prosperity. Reconceptualizing immigration as a way to enhance innovation and competitiveness, the author notes, will help us find the next Sergey Brin, the next Andrew Grove, or even the next Albert Einstein.

Der Selbstmord Europas

Immigration, Identität, Islam

Author: Douglas Murray

Publisher: FinanzBuch Verlag

ISBN: 3960921802

Category: Political Science

Page: 384

View: 6163

Sinkende Geburtenraten, unkontrollierte Masseneinwanderung und eine lange Tradition des verinnerlichten Misstrauens: Europa scheint unfähig zu sein, seine Interessen zu verteidigen. Douglas Murray, gefeierter Autor, sieht in seinem neuen Bestseller Europa gar an der Schwelle zum Freitod – zumindest scheinen sich seine politischen Führer für den Selbstmord entschieden zu haben. Doch warum haben die europäischen Regierungen einen Prozess angestoßen, wohl wissend, dass sie dessen Folgen weder absehen können noch im Griff haben? Warum laden sie Tausende von muslimischen Einwanderern ein, nach Europa zu kommen, wenn die Bevölkerung diese mit jedem Jahr stärker ablehnt? Sehen die Regierungen nicht, dass ihre Entscheidungen nicht nur die Bevölkerung ihrer Länder auseinandertreiben, sondern letztlich auch Europa zerreißen werden? Oder sind sie so sehr von ihrer Vision eines neuen europäischen Menschen, eines neuen Europas und der arroganten Überzeugung von deren Machbarkeit geblendet? Der Selbstmord Europas ist kein spontan entstandenes Pamphlet einer vagen Befindlichkeit. Akribisch hat Douglas Murray die Einwanderung aus Afrika und dem Nahen Osten nach Europa recherchiert und ihre Anfänge, ihre Entwicklung sowie die gesellschaftlichen Folgen über mehrere Jahrzehnte ebenso studiert wie ihre Einmündung in den alltäglich werdenden Terrorismus. Eine beeindruckende und erschütternde Analyse der Zeit, in der wir leben, sowie der Zustände, auf die wir zusteuern.

Globalization

What's New

Author: Zygmunt Bauman,Nicholas Sun-ke Pang

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 9780231134590

Category: Political Science

Page: 279

View: 1598

With contributions from some of globalization's cheer-leaders (David Dollar), its most vocal critics (Joseph E. Stiglitz), and those in between, this collection of essays analyzes globalization's impact on wages and the environment; the degree to which foreign aid helps developing countries; the failures of global governance; immigration; and how foreign investments can wreak havoc on a nation's economy.

The Demography of Health and Health Care

Author: Louis G. Pol,Richard K. Thomas

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461580129

Category: Political Science

Page: 376

View: 5370

The 1980s witnessed the emergence of an applied subdiscipline within de mography that is coming to be termed health demography. As yet there is no distinct body of research formally categorized under this heading, nor are there professionals who bear the title of health demographer. In fact, most of those involved with health demography are not demographers but sociologists, economists, epidemiologists, and others who are applying concepts and tech niques from demography to concrete problems in the delivery of health care. Nevertheless, the vague boundaries of this subdiscipline are becoming in creasingly visible, and the 1990s promise to be the era of health demography. Many factors have contributed to the emergence of this new field. The transition the health care industry underwent during the 1980s served to modify dramatically the mindset of those in health care from one based on a philanthropic orientation to a highly competitive business orientation. Al most overnight the industry became market driven and consumer oriented, resulting in an explosion in the demand for both demographic data and health statistics. The need to integrate and interpret data from these two fields has provided a major impetus for the development of health demography. At the same time, the redefining of health and illness along lines more in keeping with a social than a clinical perspective, and the reconceptualization of etiology within a lifestyles framework, have further emphasized the need for health demography.

Beyond Smoke and Mirrors

Mexican Immigration in an Era of Economic Integration

Author: Douglas S. Massey,Jorge Durand,Nolan J. Malone

Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation

ISBN: 1610443829

Category: Social Science

Page: 216

View: 7178

Migration between Mexico and the United States is part of a historical process of increasing North American integration. This process acquired new momentum with the passage of the North American Free Trade Agreement in 1994, which lowered barriers to the movement of goods, capital, services, and information. But rather than include labor in this new regime, the United States continues to resist the integration of the labor markets of the two countries. Instead of easing restrictions on Mexican labor, the United States has militarized its border and adopted restrictive new policies of immigrant disenfranchisement. Beyond Smoke and Mirrors examines the devastating impact of these immigration policies on the social and economic fabric of the Mexico and the United States, and calls for a sweeping reform of the current system. Beyond Smoke and Mirrors shows how U.S. immigration policies enacted between 1986–1996—largely for symbolic domestic political purposes—harm the interests of Mexico, the United States, and the people who migrate between them. The costs have been high. The book documents how the massive expansion of border enforcement has wasted billions of dollars and hundreds of lives, yet has not deterred increasing numbers of undocumented immigrants from heading north. The authors also show how the new policies unleashed a host of unintended consequences: a shift away from seasonal, circular migration toward permanent settlement; the creation of a black market for Mexican labor; the transformation of Mexican immigration from a regional phenomenon into a broad social movement touching every region of the country; and even the lowering of wages for legal U.S. residents. What had been a relatively open and benign labor process before 1986 was transformed into an exploitative underground system of labor coercion, one that lowered wages and working conditions of undocumented migrants, legal immigrants, and American citizens alike. Beyond Smoke and Mirrors offers specific proposals for repairing the damage. Rather than denying the reality of labor migration, the authors recommend regularizing it and working to manage it so as to promote economic development in Mexico, minimize costs and disruptions for the United States, and maximize benefits for all concerned. This book provides an essential "user's manual" for readers seeking a historical, theoretical, and substantive understanding of how U.S. policy on Mexican immigration evolved to its current dysfunctional state, as well as how it might be fixed.

State/Nation/Transnation

Perspectives on Transnationalism in the Asia Pacific

Author: Katie Willis,Brenda S. A. Yeoh

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134414080

Category: Political Science

Page: 296

View: 8031

This edited volume examines the relationship between the nation and the transnation, focusing on transnational communities in the Asia-Pacific region. Setting the book within a theoretical framework, the authors explore a range of themes such as migration, identity and citizenship in chapters on China, the Philippines, Malaysia, Vietnam, Japan, Indonesia, Australia, Singapore and Cambodia.

Beyond a Border

The Causes and Consequences of Contemporary Immigration

Author: Peter Kivisto,Thomas Faist

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1452235872

Category: Social Science

Page: 320

View: 8730

The most up-to-date analysis of today's immigration issues As the authors state in Chapter 1, "the movement of people across national borders represents one of the most vivid dramas of social reality in the contemporary world." This comparative text examines contemporary immigration across the globe, focusing on 20 major nations. Noted scholars Peter Kivisto and Thomas Faist introduce students to important topics of inquiry at the heart of the field, including Movement: Explores the theories of migration using a historical perspective of the modern world. Settlement: Provides clarity concerning the controversial matter of immigrant incorporation and refers to the varied ways immigrants come to be a part of a new society. Control: Focuses on the politics of immigration and examines the role of states in shaping how people choose to migrate. Key Features Provides comprehensive coverage of topics not covered in other texts, such as state and immigration control, focusing on policies created to control migratory flow and evolving views of citizenship Offers a global portrait of contemporary immigration, including a demographic overview of today's cross-border movers Offers critical assessments of the achievements of the field to date Encourages students to rethink traditional views about the distinction between citizen and alien in this global age Suggests paths for future research and new theoretical developments

Who are we?

die Krise der amerikanischen Identität

Author: Samuel P. Huntington

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783442151981

Category:

Page: 506

View: 5172

Latino Poverty and Public Policy

Competing Explanations of Latino Poverty [and] a Guide to the Literature

Author: Edwin Meléndez

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Boston (Mass.)

Page: 59

View: 3412

Revitalising Communities in a Globalising World

Author: Professor Lena Dominelli

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1409490947

Category: Social Science

Page: 466

View: 2887

Revitalising Communities in a Globalising World explores the opportunities and constraints that the dynamics of globalisation present for human development in a range of different countries and situations. Arguing that globalisation is currently a system of organising social relations along neoliberal lines, this timely volume examines practical examples of how people respond to significant social changes in their communities. The idea of communities is deconstructed to show that globalisation has collapsed the boundaries of time, space and place in ways that have exacerbated inequalities, at the same time giving rise to unparalleled riches for some. The book encompasses a number of case studies that speak to policymakers, practitioners, educators and students interested in studying globalisation and making the most of its potential for change.

Einwanderung und staatliche Umverteilung

eine ökonomische Wirkungsanalyse für die Schweiz

Author: René Weber

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Finance, Public

Page: 231

View: 5953

Mit dieser Studie wird ein Betrag zur sachlichen Diskussion über die Ausländerpolitik der Schweiz geleistet. Ein zentrale Frage der Einwanderung betrifft das Ausmass, in welchem Ausländer Sozial- und Fürsorgeleistungen durch den Staat beziehen.

Kulturelles Kapital in der Migration

Hochqualifizierte Einwanderer und Einwanderinnen auf dem Arbeitsmarkt

Author: Arnd-Michael Nohl

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 9783531164373

Category: Social Science

Page: 317

View: 5129

Für Wissensgesellschaften, die vom Aufbau und der Verwertung kulturellen Kapitals abhängen, kann die Arbeitsmarktintegration von hochqualifizierten Migrant(inn)en eine Chance sein. Der vorliegende Band befasst sich mit verschiedenen Migrantengruppen, die ihre akademischen Bildungstitel in die Arbeitsmärkte von Deutschland, Kanada, Türkei und Großbritannien einbringen. Er rekonstruiert mit qualitativen Methoden die Bildungs- und Berufserfolge der Kinder von Migranten ebenso wie die Chancen und Risiken, mit denen Akademiker/innen konfrontiert sind, die z.B. aufgrund von Partnerschaften, Jobangeboten oder als Flüchtlinge in ein Land kommen. Die An- und Aberkennung von kulturellem Kapital, die Erfahrung von Diskriminierung, aber auch von sozialer Unterstützung gehen in den Lebensgeschichten der Migrant(inn)en komplexe Verbindungen ein, die über ihre erfolgreiche Arbeitsmarktintegration entscheiden.