From Popular Sovereignty to the Sovereignty of Law

Law, Society, and Politics in Fifth-Century Athens

Author: Martin Ostwald

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520909687

Category: History

Page: 500

View: 9413

Analyzing the "democratic" features and institutions of the Athenian democracy in the fifth century B.C., Martin Ostwald traces their development from Solon's judicial reforms to the flowering of popular sovereignty, when the people assumed the right both to enact all legislation and to hold magistrates accountable for implementing what had been enacted.

The Cambridge Companion to the Age of Pericles

Author: Loren J. Samons II

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139826697

Category: History

Page: N.A

View: 1874

Mid-fifth-century Athens saw the development of the Athenian empire, the radicalization of Athenian democracy through the empowerment of poorer citizens, the adornment of the city through a massive and expensive building program, the classical age of Athenian tragedy, the assembly of intellectuals offering novel approaches to philosophical and scientific issues, and the end of the Spartan-Athenian alliance against Persia and the beginning of open hostilities between the two greatest powers of ancient Greece. The Athenian statesman Pericles both fostered and supported many of these developments. Although it is no longer fashionable to view Periclean Athens as a social or cultural paradigm, study of the history, society, art, and literature of mid-fifth-century Athens remains central to any understanding of Greek history. This collection of essays reveal the political, religious, economic, social, artistic, literary, intellectual, and military infrastructure that made the Age of Pericles possible.

Constitutional Violence

Author: Antoni Abat i Ninet

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 074867537X

Category: True Crime

Page: 192

View: 9496

Western political systems tend to be 'constitutional democracies', dividing the system into a domain of politics, where the people rule, and a domain of law, set aside for a trained elite. Antoni Abat i Ninet strives to resolve these apparently exclusive

Athens on Trial

The Antidemocratic Tradition in Western Thought

Author: Jennifer Tolbert Roberts

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400821320

Category: History

Page: 426

View: 8121

The Classical Athenians were the first to articulate and implement the notion that ordinary citizens of no particular affluence or education could make responsible political decisions. For this reason, reactions to Athenian democracy have long provided a prime Rorschach test for political thought. Whether praising Athens's government as the legitimizing ancestor of modern democracies or condemning it as mob rule, commentators throughout history have revealed much about their own notions of politics and society. In this book, Jennifer Roberts charts responses to Athenian democracy from Athens itself through the twentieth century, exploring a debate that touches upon historiography, ethics, political science, anthropology, sociology, philosophy, gender studies, and educational theory.

Politics and the Street in Democratic Athens

Author: Alex Gottesman

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107041686

Category: History

Page: 262

View: 2577

Examines 'informal' politics, like gossip and political theatrics, and how they related to more 'formal' politics of assembly and courts.

Protagoras and Logos

A Study in Greek Philosophy and Rhetoric

Author: Edward Schiappa

Publisher: Univ of South Carolina Press

ISBN: 1611171814

Category: Religion

Page: 272

View: 2339

Protagoras and Logos brings together in a meaningful synthesis the contributions and rhetoric of the first and most famous of the Older Sophists, Protagoras of Abdera. Most accounts of Protagoras rely on the somewhat hostile reports of Plato and Aristotle. By focusing on Protagoras's own surviving words, this study corrects many long-standing misinterpretations and presents significant facts: Protagoras was a first-rate philosophical thinker who positively influenced the theories of Plato and Aristotle, and Protagoras pioneered the study of language and was the first theorist of rhetoric. In addition to illustrating valuable methods of translating and reading fifth-century B.C.E. Greek passages, the book marshals evidence for the important philological conclusion that the Greek word translated as rhetoric was a coinage by Plato in the early fourth century. In this second edition, Edward Schiappa reassesses the philosophical and pedagogical contributions of Protagoras. Schiappa argues that traditional accounts of Protagoras are hampered by mistaken assumptions about the Sophists and the teaching of the art of rhetoric in the fifth century. He shows that, contrary to tradition, the so-called Older Sophists investigated and taught the skills of logos, which is closer to modern conceptions of critical reasoning than of persuasive oratory. Schiappa also offers interpretations for each of Protagoras's major surviving fragments and examines Protagoras's contributions to the theory and practice of Greek education, politics, and philosophy. In a new afterword Schiappa addresses historiographical issues that have occupied scholars in rhetorical studies over the past ten years, and throughout the study he provides references to scholarship from the last decade that has refined his views on Protagoras and other Sophists.

Political Dissent in Democratic Athens

Intellectual Critics of Popular Rule

Author: Josiah Ober

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 0691089817

Category: History

Page: 417

View: 7486

How and why did the Western tradition of political theorizing arise in Athens during the late fifth and fourth centuries B.C.? By interweaving intellectual history with political philosophy and literary analysis, Josiah Ober argues that the tradition originated in a high-stakes debate about democracy. Since elite Greek intellectuals tended to assume that ordinary men were incapable of ruling themselves, the longevity and resilience of Athenian popular rule presented a problem: how to explain the apparent success of a regime "irrationally" based on the inherent wisdom and practical efficacy of decisions made by non-elite citizens? The problem became acute after two oligarchic coups d' tat in the late fifth century B.C. The generosity and statesmanship that democrats showed after regaining political power contrasted starkly with the oligarchs' violence and corruption. Since it was no longer self-evident that "better men" meant "better government," critics of democracy sought new arguments to explain the relationship among politics, ethics, and morality. Ober offers fresh readings of the political works of Thucydides, Plato, and Aristotle, among others, by placing them in the context of a competitive community of dissident writers. These thinkers struggled against both democratic ideology and intellectual rivals to articulate the best and most influential criticism of popular rule. The competitive Athenian environment stimulated a century of brilliant literary and conceptual innovation. Through Ober's re-creation of an ancient intellectual milieu, early Western political thought emerges not just as a "footnote to Plato," but as a dissident commentary on the first Western democracy.

A New History of the Peloponnesian War

Author: N.A

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781444315684

Category: History

Page: 320

View: 311

This stimulating new study provides a narrative of the monumental conflict of the Peloponnesian War between Athens and Sparta, and examines the realities of the war and its effects on the average Athenian. A penetrating new study of the Peloponnesian War between Athens and Sparta by an established scholar Offers an original interpretation of how and why the war began Weaves in the contemporary evidence of Aristophanes in order to give readers a new sense of how the war affected the individual Discusses the practicalities and realities of the war Examines the blossoming of culture and intellectual achievement in Athens despite the war Challenges the approach of Thucydides in his account of the war

A Companion to Sophocles

Author: Kirk Ormand

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444356895

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 640

View: 5394

A Companion to Sophocles presents the first comprehensive collection of essays in decades to address all aspects of the life, works, and critical reception of Sophocles. First collection of its kind to provide introductory essays to the fragments of his lost plays and to the remaining fragments of one satyr-play, the Ichneutae, in addition to each of his extant tragedies Features new essays on Sophoclean drama that go well beyond the current state of scholarship on Sophocles Presents readings that historicize Sophocles in relation to the social, cultural, and intellectual world of fifth century Athens Seeks to place later interpretations and adaptations of Sophocles in their historical context Includes essays dedicated to issues of gender and sexuality; significant moments in the history of interpreting Sophocles; and reception of Sophocles by both ancient and modern playwrights

Slaves and Slavery in Ancient Greek Comic Drama

Author: Ben Akrigg,Rob Tordoff

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139619411

Category: History

Page: N.A

View: 9486

How did audiences of ancient Greek comedy react to the spectacle of masters and slaves? If they were expected to laugh at a slave threatened with a beating by his master at one moment but laugh with him when they bantered familiarly at the next, what does this tell us about ancient Greek slavery? This volume presents ten essays by leading specialists in ancient Greek literature, culture and history, exploring the changing roles and representations of slaves in comic drama from Aristophanes at the height of the Athenian Empire to the New Comedy of Menander and the Hellenistic World. The contributors focus variously on individual comic dramas or on particular historical periods, analysing a wide range of textual, material-culture and comparative data for the practices of slavery and their representation on the ancient Greek comic stage.

Economic Equality and Direct Democracy in Ancient Athens

Author: Larry Patriquin

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137503483

Category: Political Science

Page: 100

View: 1658

This book argues that ancient democracy did not stop at the door of economic democracy, and that ancient Athens has much to tell us about the relationship between political equality and economic equality. Athenian democracy rested on a foundation of general economic equality, which enabled citizens to challenge their exclusion from politics.

Popular Sovereignty in Historical Perspective

Author: Richard Bourke,Quentin Skinner

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107130409

Category: History

Page: 416

View: 4078

The first collaborative volume to explore popular sovereignty, a pivotal concept in the history of political thought.

Agora, Academy, and the Conduct of Philosophy

Author: Debra Nails

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401101515

Category: Philosophy

Page: 267

View: 9414

Agora, Academy, and the Conduct of Philosophy offers extremely careful and detailed criticisms of some of the most important assumptions scholars have brought to bear in beginning the process of (Platonic) interpretation. It goes on to offer a new way to group the dialogues, based on important facts in the lives and philosophical practices of Socrates - the main speaker in most of Plato's dialogues - and of Plato himself. Both sides of Debra Nails's arguments deserve close attention: the negative side, which exposes a great deal of diversity in a field that often claims to have achieved a consensus; and the positive side, which insists that we must attend to what we know of these philosophers' lives and practices, if we are to make a serious attempt to understand why Plato wrote the way he did, and why his writings seem to depict different philosophies and even different approaches to philosophizing. From the Preface by Nicholas D. Smith.

Greek Notions of the Past in the Archaic and Classical Eras

Author: John Marincola

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 0748654666

Category: History

Page: 352

View: 2752

This volume in The Edinburgh Leventis Studies series collects the papers presented at the sixth A. G. Leventis conference, It engages with new research and new approaches to the Greek past, and brings the fruits of that research to a wider audience.

Edinburgh Companion to the History of Democracy

Author: Benjamin Isakhan

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 0748653686

Category: History

Page: 384

View: 8485

Re-examines the long and complex history of democracy and broadens the traditional view of this history by complementing it with examples from unexplored or under-examined quarters.

Western Civilization

A Social and Cultural History, to 1500

Author: Margaret L. King

Publisher: Pearson College Division

ISBN: 9780130287007

Category: History

Page: 352

View: 8212

This book explains the importance of understanding Western civilization, with a distinct focus on political, social, economic, cultural, religious, and intellectual topics. It stresses social and cultural themes in conjunction with the political narrative, and incorporates significant discussion of peoples and civilizations outside the boundaries of the West. Written by a single author, this historical reference contains rich visual images, textual excerpts, timelines, charts, and maps." The volume covering life up to the 1500s explores gender roles, family and children, elite groups, urban/rural contrasts, cities and associations, commerce and manufacturing, and technological innovation. Global issues are easily introduced without straying from the comfort of a western civilization focus. Brief excerpts from diaries, letters, and other personal documents offer readers a sense of peoples' experience during specific times in history. For anyone who does "not" know why we "should" know" about Western civilization, and historians interested in a social, topical approach with a global perspective.

Nomodeiktes

Greek Studies in Honor of Martin Ostwald

Author: Martin Ostwald

Publisher: University of Michigan Press

ISBN: 9780472102976

Category: Philosophy

Page: 731

View: 4817

Fascinating discussions of fifth-century Athens and its modern interpretation

Polis

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political science

Page: N.A

View: 8070

Lessons from the past

the moral use of history in fourth-century prose

Author: Frances Pownall

Publisher: Univ of Michigan Pr

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 204

View: 6127

Deepens our understanding of the Greek tendency to view the past as a source for contemporary moral lessons