Law, Society, and Politics in Fifth-Century Athens
Author: Martin Ostwald
Publisher: Univ of California Press
Analyzing the "democratic" features and institutions of the Athenian democracy in the fifth century B.C., Martin Ostwald traces their development from Solon's judicial reforms to the flowering of popular sovereignty, when the people assumed the right both to enact all legislation and to hold magistrates accountable for implementing what had been enacted.
Author: Leonhard Alexander Burckhardt,Jürgen von Ungern-Sternberg
Category: Freedom of speech
Author: Antoni Abat i Ninet
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
Category: True Crime
Western political systems tend to be 'constitutional democracies', dividing the system into a domain of politics, where the people rule, and a domain of law, set aside for a trained elite. Antoni Abat i Ninet strives to resolve these apparently exclusive
Author: Loren J. Samons II
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Mid-fifth-century Athens saw the development of the Athenian empire, the radicalization of Athenian democracy through the empowerment of poorer citizens, the adornment of the city through a massive and expensive building program, the classical age of Athenian tragedy, the assembly of intellectuals offering novel approaches to philosophical and scientific issues, and the end of the Spartan-Athenian alliance against Persia and the beginning of open hostilities between the two greatest powers of ancient Greece. The Athenian statesman Pericles both fostered and supported many of these developments. Although it is no longer fashionable to view Periclean Athens as a social or cultural paradigm, study of the history, society, art, and literature of mid-fifth-century Athens remains central to any understanding of Greek history. This collection of essays reveal the political, religious, economic, social, artistic, literary, intellectual, and military infrastructure that made the Age of Pericles possible.
The Antidemocratic Tradition in Western Thought
Author: Jennifer Tolbert Roberts
Publisher: Princeton University Press
The Classical Athenians were the first to articulate and implement the notion that ordinary citizens of no particular affluence or education could make responsible political decisions. For this reason, reactions to Athenian democracy have long provided a prime Rorschach test for political thought. Whether praising Athens's government as the legitimizing ancestor of modern democracies or condemning it as mob rule, commentators throughout history have revealed much about their own notions of politics and society. In this book, Jennifer Roberts charts responses to Athenian democracy from Athens itself through the twentieth century, exploring a debate that touches upon historiography, ethics, political science, anthropology, sociology, philosophy, gender studies, and educational theory.
A Study in Greek Philosophy and Rhetoric
Author: Edward Schiappa
Publisher: Univ of South Carolina Press
Protagoras and Logos brings together in a meaningful synthesis the contributions and rhetoric of the first and most famous of the Older Sophists, Protagoras of Abdera. Most accounts of Protagoras rely on the somewhat hostile reports of Plato and Aristotle. By focusing on Protagoras's own surviving words, this study corrects many long-standing misinterpretations and presents significant facts: Protagoras was a first-rate philosophical thinker who positively influenced the theories of Plato and Aristotle, and Protagoras pioneered the study of language and was the first theorist of rhetoric. In addition to illustrating valuable methods of translating and reading fifth-century B.C.E. Greek passages, the book marshals evidence for the important philological conclusion that the Greek word translated as rhetoric was a coinage by Plato in the early fourth century. In this second edition, Edward Schiappa reassesses the philosophical and pedagogical contributions of Protagoras. Schiappa argues that traditional accounts of Protagoras are hampered by mistaken assumptions about the Sophists and the teaching of the art of rhetoric in the fifth century. He shows that, contrary to tradition, the so-called Older Sophists investigated and taught the skills of logos, which is closer to modern conceptions of critical reasoning than of persuasive oratory. Schiappa also offers interpretations for each of Protagoras's major surviving fragments and examines Protagoras's contributions to the theory and practice of Greek education, politics, and philosophy. In a new afterword Schiappa addresses historiographical issues that have occupied scholars in rhetorical studies over the past ten years, and throughout the study he provides references to scholarship from the last decade that has refined his views on Protagoras and other Sophists.
Author: Larry Patriquin
Category: Political Science
This book argues that ancient democracy did not stop at the door of economic democracy, and that ancient Athens has much to tell us about the relationship between political equality and economic equality. Athenian democracy rested on a foundation of general economic equality, which enabled citizens to challenge their exclusion from politics.
Author: Kirk Ormand
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Category: Literary Criticism
A Companion to Sophocles presents the first comprehensive collection of essays in decades to address all aspects of the life, works, and critical reception of Sophocles. First collection of its kind to provide introductory essays to the fragments of his lost plays and to the remaining fragments of one satyr-play, the Ichneutae, in addition to each of his extant tragedies Features new essays on Sophoclean drama that go well beyond the current state of scholarship on Sophocles Presents readings that historicize Sophocles in relation to the social, cultural, and intellectual world of fifth century Athens Seeks to place later interpretations and adaptations of Sophocles in their historical context Includes essays dedicated to issues of gender and sexuality; significant moments in the history of interpreting Sophocles; and reception of Sophocles by both ancient and modern playwrights
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Category: Political Science
First published in 2000, this translation of one of the great works of Western political thought is based on the assumption that when Plato chose the dialogue form for his writing, he intended these dialogues to sound like conversations - although conversations of a philosophical sort. In addition to a vivid, dignified and accurate rendition of Plato's text, the student and general reader will find many aids to comprehension in this volume: an introduction that assesses the cultural background to the Republic, its place within political philosophy, and its general argument; succinct notes in the body of the text; an analytical summary of the work's content; a full glossary of proper names; a chronology of important events; and a guide to further reading. The result is an accomplished and accessible edition of this seminal work, suitable for philosophers and classicists as well as historians of political thought at all levels.
Author: John Marincola
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
This volume in The Edinburgh Leventis Studies series collects the papers presented at the sixth A. G. Leventis conference, It engages with new research and new approaches to the Greek past, and brings the fruits of that research to a wider audience.
Philosophical Reflections on Identity and Material Culture
Author: R. Scapp,B. Seitz
A philosophical-cultural exploration, this book expands the discussion of "class" from a novel perspective. Following the current debates about wealth and class, the contributors address the social and cultural phenomena of class from a uniquely innovative philosophical approach and reconsider philosophical "givens" within the context of culture.
Exploring Privilege, Exclusion, and Racialization
Author: Bernd Reiter
Publisher: MSU Press
Category: Social Science
What does it mean to be a citizen? What impact does an active democracy have on its citizenry and why does it fail or succeed in fulfilling its promises? Most modern democracies seem unable to deliver the goods that citizens expect; many politicians seem to have given up on representing the wants and needs of those who elected them and are keener on representing themselves and their financial backers. What will it take to bring democracy back to its original promise of rule by the people? Bernd Reiter’s timely analysis reaches back to ancient Greece and the Roman Republic in search of answers. It examines the European medieval city republics, revolutionary France, and contemporary Brazil, Portugal, and Colombia. Through an innovative exploration of country cases, this study demonstrates that those who stand to lose something from true democracy tend to oppose it, making the genealogy of citizenship concurrent with that of exclusion. More often than not, exclusion leads to racialization, stigmatizing the excluded to justify their non-membership. Each case allows for different insights into the process of how citizenship is upheld and challenged. Together, the cases reveal how exclusive rights are constituted by contrasting members to non-members who in that very process become racialized others. The book provides an opportunity to understand the dynamics that weaken democracy so that they can be successfully addressed and overcome in the future.
Author: Debra Nails
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Agora, Academy, and the Conduct of Philosophy offers extremely careful and detailed criticisms of some of the most important assumptions scholars have brought to bear in beginning the process of (Platonic) interpretation. It goes on to offer a new way to group the dialogues, based on important facts in the lives and philosophical practices of Socrates - the main speaker in most of Plato's dialogues - and of Plato himself. Both sides of Debra Nails's arguments deserve close attention: the negative side, which exposes a great deal of diversity in a field that often claims to have achieved a consensus; and the positive side, which insists that we must attend to what we know of these philosophers' lives and practices, if we are to make a serious attempt to understand why Plato wrote the way he did, and why his writings seem to depict different philosophies and even different approaches to philosophizing. From the Preface by Nicholas D. Smith.
Athenian Politics in Ancient Greek Literature
Author: Michael Vickers
Literary historians have long held the view that the plays of the Greek dramatist, Sophocles deal purely with archetypes of the heroic past and that any resemblance to contemporary events or individuals is purely coincidental. In this book, Michael Vickers challenges this view and argues that Sophocles makes regular and extensive allusion to Athenian politics in his plays, especially to Alcibiades, one of the most controversial Athenian politicians of his day.Vickers shows that Sophocles was no closeted intellectual but a man deeply involved in politics and he reminds us that Athenian politics was intensely personal. He argues cogently that classical writers employed hidden meanings and that consciously or sub-consciously, Sophocles was projecting onto his plays hints of contemporary events or incidents, mostly of a political nature, hoping that his audience's passion for politics would enhance the popularity of his plays. Vickers strengthens his case about Sophocles by discussing other authors - Thucydides, Plato and Euripides - in whom he also demonstrates a body of allusions to Alcibiades and others.
Author: G. R. Stanton
First published in 1990. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
Author: Philipp Maurer
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2005 im Fachbereich Geschichte - Weltgeschichte - Fruhgeschichte, Antike, Note: 1,0, Technische Universitat Dresden (Institut fur Geschichte), Veranstaltung: Hauptseminar. Reprasentativsysteme in der griechischen Welt, 37 Quellen im Literaturverzeichnis, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Es erschien mir zweckmassig, den inhaltlichen Aufbau meiner Untersuchung an der triadischen Struktur der kleisthenischen Reform zu orientieren. Beginnend mit den kleinsten politischen Einheiten, den Demen und den sich auf dieser Ebene befindenden politischen Institutionen, uber das System der Trittyen bis hin zu den Phylen sollen die einzelnen Bereiche politischen Handelns in der Optik ihrer Reprasentationspotentiale betrachtet werden. Diese Perspektive vereint die institutionalisierten Knotenpunkte politischer Kommunikation, als auch die sozialgeschichtlichen Hintergrunde, wie etwa wirtschaftliche Abhangigkeiten oder Formen politischer Ungleichheit, die auf bestimmte Entscheidungsprozesse eingewirkt haben konnten. Im letzten Kapitel werden die Einzelergebnisse der vorangegangenen Abschnitte gleichsam aufgegriffen und zu einer abschliessenden Beurteilung geformt. Wenn ich von Reprasentation spreche, meine ich das Verhaltnis der politischen Macht einzelner und den institutionellen Formen und politischen Strukturen, die diese Macht an die Gemeinschaft aller politisch Berechtigten zuruck binden. Mich interessiert, wer an welchen Entscheidungen beteiligt war, welche Moglichkeiten der politischen Einflussnahme sich welchen Bevolkerungsgruppen, in welchem Umfang boten. Neben dem Modus der Machtverteilung bzw. der Mandatsvergabe und ihrer Kontrolle, soll es um die institutionellen Strukturen des kleisthenischen Staates und vor allem um die Frage gehen, wie es in dem, in geographischer Hinsicht, vergleichsweise grossen Staat gelang, Bevolkerungsgruppen aus den verschiedenen Regionen des Landes unter dem Gesichtspunkt der politischen Gleichheit an der Machtausubung und p
Gesellschaftliche Stabilisierungsleistungen und Politische Transformationspotentiale in den antiken Stadtstaaten
Author: Bernhard Linke,Mischa Meier,Meret Strothmann
Publisher: Franz Steiner Verlag Wiesbaden gmbh
English summary: The contrast between monarchical and republican constitution is one of the key factors of political processes and discourses in ancient communities. However, the sharp dichotomy between republic and monarchy, at least according to present published research, seems to more closely back the needs of those groups backing Republican orders than was actually the case in reality. The aim of this volume is to develop an interpretive model that takes the openness of dynamics and development of such processes seriously. It is not enough to purely reconstruct historical causalities. Instead, individual examples from Greek and Roman history are used to study the risk posed by the respective populations' steps toward stabilization in close connection with their potential for political transformation. German text. German description: Der Gegensatz zwischen monarchischer und burgerstaatlich-republikanischer Verfasstheit gehort zu den zentralen Faktoren politischer Prozesse und Diskurse in den antiken Gemeinwesen. Allerdings scheint die in den Quellen fassbare scharfe Dichotomie zwischen Republik und Monarchie eher dem Bedurfnis der Tragergruppen republikanischer Ordnungen als den tatsachlichen Verhaltnissen entsprochen zu haben. Letztere sind vielmehr durch fliessende Ubergange von der Monarchie zur Republik und umgekehrt gekennzeichnet, die erklarungsbedurftig sind.Ziel des Bandes ist, ein Interpretationsmodell zu entwickeln, das die Dynamik und Entwicklungsoffenheit solcher Prozesse ernst nimmt; dazu reicht eine reine Rekonstruktion historischer Kausalitaten nicht aus. Stattdessen werden an Einzelbeispielen aus der griechischen und romischen Geschichte die von den jeweiligen Gesellschaften ausgehenden Stabilisierungsleistungen in enger Verknupfung mit ihren politischen Transformationspotentialen untersucht.
Greek Studies in Honor of Martin Ostwald
Author: Martin Ostwald
Publisher: University of Michigan Press
Fascinating discussions of fifth-century Athens and its modern interpretation
Vorläufer und Erste Repräsentanten Von Gewaltherrschaft Im Späten 5. Jahrhundert V. Chr
Author: Ivan Jordović
Publisher: Peter Lang Gmbh, Internationaler Verlag Der Wissenschaften