Fundamentals of Crystallography

Author: Carmelo Giacovazzo

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198555780

Category: Crystallography

Page: 654

View: 4896

Offers a rigorous treatment of the theory of crystallography and detailed descriptions of experimental applications in a wide range of sciences, including computational aspects, protein crystallography and crystal physics.

The Basics of Crystallography and Diffraction

Author: Christopher Hammond

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 019156771X

Category: Science

Page: 448

View: 6625

This book provides a clear introduction to topics which are essential to students in a wide range of scientific disciplines but which are otherwise only covered in specialised and mathematically detailed texts. It shows how crystal structures may be built up from simple ideas of atomic packing and co-ordination, it develops the concepts of crystal symmetry, point and space groups by way of two dimensional examples of patterns and tilings, it explains the concept of the reciprocal lattice in simple terms and shows its importance in an understanding of light, X-ray and electron diffraction. Practical examples of the applications of these techniques are described and also the importance of diffraction in the performance of optical instruments. The book is also of value to the general reader since it shows, by biographical and historical references, how the subject has developed and thereby indicates some of the excitement of scientific discovery.

The Basics of Crystallography and Diffraction

Author: Christopher Hammond

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780198505525

Category: Science

Page: 331

View: 5155

A classic textbook providing a clear and comprehensive introduction to the topic of crystallography and diffraction for undregraduate and beginning graduate students and lecturers in physics, chemistry, materials and earth sciences. For this second edition the existing material has been throughly updated.

Symmetry in Crystallography

Understanding the International Tables

Author: Paolo Radaelli

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199550654

Category: Mathematics

Page: 126

View: 5818

A fresh approach to teaching crystallographic symmetry. Rather than being swamped by heavy algebraic notation, the reader is taken through a series of simple and beautiful examples from the visual arts, and taught how to analyse them employing the 'pictorial' diagrams used in the International Tables of Crystallography.

Fundamentals of Crystallography

Author: Carmelo Giacovazzo,Hugo Luis Monaco,Gilberto Artioli,Davide Viterbo,Marco Milanesio,Gastone Gilli,Paola Gilli,Giuseppe Zanotti,Giovanni Ferraris,Michele Catti

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0199573654

Category: Science

Page: 864

View: 3961

Crystallography is a basic tool for scientists in many diverse disciplines. This book offers a clear description of fundamentals and of modern applications. It will support curricula in crystallography at undergraduate level, contains material for advanced and specialized courses, and offers tools and ideas for courses in other disciplines.

Phasing in Crystallography

A Modern Perspective

Author: Carmelo Giacovazzo

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199686998

Category: Science

Page: 480

View: 2477

The book describes phasing techniques in modern crystallography. The main text is dedicated to their simple description, and further mathematical details are contained in the appendices. Practical aspects are described for each specific method, making it a useful tool for the daily work of practising crystallographers.

Symmetry Relationships Between Crystal Structures

Applications of Crystallographic Group Theory in Crystal Chemistry

Author: Ulrich Müller

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199669953

Category: Science

Page: 332

View: 3660

The book presents the basic information needed to understand and to organize the huge amount of known structures of crystalline solids. Its basis is crystallographic group theory (space group theory), with special emphasis on the relations between the symmetry properties of crystals.

X-Ray Charge Densities and Chemical Bonding

Author: Philip Coppens

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0195098234

Category: Science

Page: 358

View: 4077

This book deals with the electron density distribution in molecules and solids as obtained experimentally by X-ray diffraction. It is a comprehensive treatment of the methods involved, and the interpretation of the experimental results in terms of chemical bonding and intermolecular interactions. Inorganic and organic solids, as well as metals, are covered in the chapters dealing with specific systems. As a whole, this monograph is especially appealing because of its broad interface with numerous disciplines. Accurate X-ray diffraction intensities contain fundamental information on the charge distribution in crystals, which can be compared directly with theoretical results, and used to derive other physical properties, such as electrostatic moments, the electrostatic potential and lattice energies, which are accessible by spectroscopic and thermodynamic measurements. Consequently, the work will be of great interest to a broad range of crystallographers and physical scientists.

Fundamentals of Crystallography

Author: Carmelo Giacovazzo

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780198509585

Category: Science

Page: 825

View: 2991

Crystallography and structure theory have recently received increasing interest due to their role in understanding biological structures, high-temperature superconductors, and effects on mineral properties related to changes in temperature and pressure. This text offers an account of the wide range of crystallography in various branches of science.The fundamentals, the most frequently used procedures, and experimental techniques are all described, and a number of appendices are devoted to more specialist aspects. The book is an updated edition with emphasis on the range of topical applications. Illustrations should help to clarify the subject matter. To provide a better understanding of the basics of crystallography, a compact disk has been added to this edition, offering the facilities of modern graphics to simulate experiments, show complex images, and provide a number of exercises.

Small Angle X-Ray and Neutron Scattering from Solutions of Biological Macromolecules

Author: Dmitri I. Svergun,Michel H. J. Koch,Peter A. Timmins,Roland P. May

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191507032

Category: Science

Page: 368

View: 2517

Small-angle scattering of X-rays (SAXS) and neutrons (SANS) is an established method for the structural characterization of biological objects in a broad size range from individual macromolecules (proteins, nucleic acids, lipids) to large macromolecular complexes. SAXS/SANS is complementary to the high resolution methods of X-ray crystallography and nuclear magnetic resonance, allowing for hybrid modeling and also accounting for available biophysical and biochemical data. Quantitative characterization of flexible macromolecular systems and mixtures has recently become possible. SAXS/SANS measurements can be easily performed in different conditions by adding ligands or binding partners, and by changing physical and/or chemical characteristics of the solvent to provide information on the structural responses. The technique provides kinetic information about processes like folding and assembly and also allows one to analyze macromolecular interactions. The major factors promoting the increasingly active use of SAXS/SANS are modern high brilliance X-ray and neutron sources, novel data analysis methods, and automation of the experiment, data processing and interpretation. In this book, following the presentation of the basics of scattering from isotropic macromolecular solutions, modern instrumentation, experimental practice and advanced analysis techniques are explained. Advantages of X-rays (rapid data collection, small sample volumes) and of neutrons (contrast variation by hydrogen/deuterium exchange) are specifically highlighted. Examples of applications of the technique to different macromolecular systems are considered with specific emphasis on the synergistic use of SAXS/SANS with other structural, biophysical and computational techniques.

Electron Crystallography

Electron Microscopy and Electron Diffraction

Author: Xiaodong Zou,Sven Hovmöller,Peter Oleynikov

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199580200

Category: Science

Page: 332

View: 9151

Includes bibliographical references and index.

Crystal Structure Refinement

A Crystallographer's Guide to SHELXL

Author: Peter Muller

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198570767

Category: Science

Page: 213

View: 5941

Accompanying CD-ROM contains all the files necessary to reproduce the refinements covered in the text.

Crystal Structure Analysis

Principles and Practice

Author: Alexander J Blake,William Clegg

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019921946X

Category: Science

Page: 387

View: 2770

By choosing an approach that avoids undue emphasis on the mathematics involved, this book gives practical advice on topics such as growing crystals, solving and refining structures, and understanding and using the results.

Crystal structure analysis

a primer

Author: Jenny Pickworth Glusker,Kenneth N. Trueblood

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 269

View: 3997

This practical guide explains how and why the architecture of molecules can be determined by analysis of the diffraction patterns produced by X-ray crystallography. Thoroughly illustrated, it is intended for nonspecialists who want to understand the fundamentals of this widely used method ofstructure determination. The new second edition has been revised and expanded to take account of the many recent advances in the field.

Advanced Structural Inorganic Chemistry

Author: Wai-Kee Li,Gong-Du Zhou,Thomas C. W. Mak

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199216940

Category: Science

Page: 819

View: 2070

A revised and updated English edition of a textbook based on teaching at the final year undergraduate and graduate level. It presents structure and bonding, generalizations of structural trends, crystallographic data, as well as highlights from the recent literature.

Basic Elements of Crystallography, Second Edition

Author: Nevill Gonzalez Szwacki,Teresa Szwacka

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9814613584

Category: Science

Page: 336

View: 1126

This textbook is a complete and clear introduction to the field of crystallography. It includes an extensive discussion on the 14 Bravais lattices and their reciprocals, the basic concepts of point- and space-group symmetry, the crystal structure of elements and binary compounds, and much more. The purpose of this textbook is to illustrate rather than describe "using many words" the structure of materials. Even readers who are completely unfamiliar with the topic, but still interested in learning how the atoms are arranged in crystal structures, will find this book immensely useful. Each chapter is accompanied by exercises designed to encourage students to explore the different crystal structures they are learning about. The solutions to the exercises are also provided at the end of the book.

Early Days of X-ray Crystallography

Author: André Authier

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199659842

Category: Science

Page: 441

View: 4898

The modern applications of X-ray crystallography range from drug design to characterisation of high technology materials. This book tells the story of its pioneers and relates how the first crystal structures were determined.

Dynamical Theory of X-ray Diffraction

Author: André Authier

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780198528920

Category: Science

Page: 674

View: 9281

The dynamical theory of diffraction has witnessed exciting developments since the advent of synchrotron radiation. This book provides an up-to-date account of the theory of diffraction and its applications. The first part serves as an introduction to the subject, presenting early developments and the basic results. It is followed by a detailed development of the diffraction and propagation properties of x-rays in perfect crystals and by an extension of the theory to the case of slightly and highly deformed crystals. The last part gives three applications of the theory: X-ray optics for synchrotron radiation, locations of atoms at surfaces, and X-ray diffraction topography. The book is richly illustrated and contains a wide range of references to the literature. It will be a most useful reference work for graduate students, lecturers and researchers.

Crystallography Made Crystal Clear

A Guide for Users of Macromolecular Models

Author: Gale Rhodes

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0323137784

Category: Science

Page: 202

View: 6569

Crystallography Made Crystal Clear is designed to meet the need for an X-ray analysis that is between brief textbook sections and complete treatments. The book provides non-crystallographers with an intellectually satisfying explanation of the principles of how protein models are gleaned from X-ray analysis. The understanding of these concepts will foster wise use of the models, including the recognition of the strengths and weaknesses of pictures or computer graphics. Since proteins comprise the majority of the mass of macromolecules in cells and carry out biologically important tasks, the book will be of interest to biologists. Provides accessible descriptions of principles of x-ray crystallography, built on simple foundations for anyone with a basic science background Leads the reader through clear, thorough, unintimidating explanations of the mathematics behind crystallography Explains how to read crystallography papers in research journals If you use computer-generated models of proteins or nucleic acids for: Studying molecular interactions Designing ligands, inhibitors, or drugs Engineering new protein functions Interpreting chemical, kinetic, thermodynamic, or spectroscopic data Studying protein folding Teaching macromolecule structure,and if you want to read new structure papers intelligently; become a wiser user of macromolecular models; and want to introduce undergraduates to the important subject of x-ray crystallography, then this book is for you.

Direct Phasing in Crystallography

Fundamentals and Applications

Author: Carmelo Giacovazzo

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 9780198500728

Category: Science

Page: 767

View: 7973

Direct methods are, at present, applied to a large variety of cases: X-ray, neutron or electron data; single crystal and powder data; small molecules and macromolecules. While direct methods solved in practice the phase problem for small molecules, their application to macromolecules is recent and still undergoing strong development. The fundamentals of the methods are described: in particular it is shown how the methods can be optimized for powder, neutron or electron data, and how theycan be integrated with isomorphous replacement, molecular replacement and anomalous dispersion techniques. Maximum Entropy methods are also described and discussed. Sets of test structures are used to verify, throughout the various chapters, the mathematical techniques there described and to provide practical examples of applications. This book will appeal to a wide variety of readers - offering both a comprehensive description of direct methods in crystallography and an invaluable reference tool. The first three chapters can be considered as an introduction to the field, with sufficient material to constitute a university course and for allowing the expert use of most direct methods programs. Subsequent chapters are aimed at graduate students and working crystallographers. Basic results are described and discussed in the main body of the text, while the appendices compliment these with in depth mathematical details. The quoted literature is extremely wide and the interested readercan find suggestions for future work and further reading throughout the book.