Fundamentals of Crystallography

Author: Carmelo Giacovazzo

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780198509585

Category: Science

Page: 825

View: 6090

Crystallography and structure theory have recently received increasing interest due to their role in understanding biological structures, high-temperature superconductors, and effects on mineral properties related to changes in temperature and pressure. This text offers an account of the wide range of crystallography in various branches of science.The fundamentals, the most frequently used procedures, and experimental techniques are all described, and a number of appendices are devoted to more specialist aspects. The book is an updated edition with emphasis on the range of topical applications. Illustrations should help to clarify the subject matter. To provide a better understanding of the basics of crystallography, a compact disk has been added to this edition, offering the facilities of modern graphics to simulate experiments, show complex images, and provide a number of exercises.

The Basics of Crystallography and Diffraction

Author: Christopher Hammond

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780198505525

Category: Science

Page: 331

View: 2785

A classic textbook providing a clear and comprehensive introduction to the topic of crystallography and diffraction for undregraduate and beginning graduate students and lecturers in physics, chemistry, materials and earth sciences. For this second edition the existing material has been throughly updated.

Fundamentals of Crystallography

Author: Carmelo Giacovazzo

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198555780

Category: Crystallography

Page: 654

View: 3936

Offers a rigorous treatment of the theory of crystallography and detailed descriptions of experimental applications in a wide range of sciences, including computational aspects, protein crystallography and crystal physics.

Crystallography and Crystal Defects

Author: Anthony Kelly,Kevin M. Knowles

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470750146

Category: Science

Page: 521

View: 5243

This new edition updates readers with the latest concepts of crystallography in a clear, succinct manner, and describes their application in line and planar defects in crystalline materials, quasicrystals, and crystal interfaces. The coverage begins with a chapter on lattice geometry, followed by crystal systems and crystal structures.

Minerale und Gesteine

Mineralogie – Petrologie – Geochemie

Author: Gregor Markl

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3662446286

Category: Science

Page: 608

View: 8656

Das bewährte Lehrbuch der Mineralogie Gregor Markls Buch ist eine verständliche Einführung in die Grundlagen der Mineralogie, Petrologie und Geochemie und richtet sich vor allem an Studierende geowissenschaftlicher Fächer. Am Anfang steht eine reich bebilderte Beschreibung der wichtigsten Minerale und Gesteine. Dann stellt der Autor Konzepte und Analysemethoden der Mineralogie vor und erklärt die Bildung und Veränderungen von metamorphen, magmatischen und sedimentären Gesteinen. Das Kapitel zur Geochemie beleuchtet die Chemie des Kosmos, die Entstehung der Elemente, Meteorite sowie die Zusammensetzung der wichtigsten globalen Reservoire (Erdkern, -mantel, -kruste, Ozeane, Atmosphäre). Eine wichtige Anwendung der Geochemie ist die Messung von Gehalten an Spurenelementen oder stabilen und radiogenen Isotopen in Gesteinen zur Rekonstruktion geologischer Prozesse. Das Lehrbuch besticht durch moderne Stoffauswahl und -darstellung, übersichtlich strukturierte und verständliche Texte, die gelungene Verbindung von Mineralogie, Petrologie und Geochemie sowie die große Zahl farbiger Fotos und instruktiver zweifarbiger Grafiken. Studierenden der Geowissenschaften wird dieses Buch vom Grundstudium bis zum Bachelorabschluss begleiten. Zugleich bietet es allen, die sich für die Erde interessieren, spannende Einblicke in die Wissenschaft von den Mineralen und Gesteinen.

Kristallstrukturbestimmung

Author: Werner Massa

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 9783835101135

Category: Science

Page: 266

View: 987

In anschaulicher Form - unterstützt durch zahlreiche Abbildungen - führt dieses Lehrbuch in die Kristallstrukturbestimmung ein. Die kristallographischen Grundlagen und einzelne praktische Schritte der modernen Kristallstrukturbestimmung werden verständlich und nachvollziehbar erklärt.

Symmetriebeziehungen zwischen verwandten Kristallstrukturen

Anwendungen der kristallographischen Gruppentheorie in der Kristallchemie

Author: Ulrich Müller

Publisher: Vieweg+Teubner Verlag

ISBN: 9783834817990

Category: Science

Page: 368

View: 3120

In der Kristallchemie und -physik spielen die Beziehungen zwischen den Symmetriegruppen (Raumgruppen) kristalliner Feststoffe eine besondere Rolle. In Teil 1 dieses Buches sind die mathematischen Hilfsmittel zusammengestellt: die Grundbegriffe der Kristallographie, insbesondere der Symmetrielehre, die Theorie der kristallographischen Gruppen und die Formalismen der hier gebrauchten kristallographischen Berechnungen. In Teil 2 des Buches wird die Anwendung auf Probleme der Kristallchemie aufgezeigt. Zahlreiche Beispiele illustrieren, wie man die kristallographische Gruppentheorie heranziehen kann, um Verwandtschaften zwischen Kristallstrukturen aufzuzeigen, Ordnung in die Unmenge der Kristallstrukturen zu bringen, mögliche Kristallstrukturtypen vorherzusagen, Phasenumwandlungen zu analysieren, das Phänomen der Domänen- und Zwillingsbildung in Kristallen zu verstehen und Fehler bei der Kristallstrukturanalyse zu vermeiden.

Kristallographie

Author: D. Schwarzenbach

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642595308

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 257

View: 8837

Die Kristallographie ist eine wichtige interdisziplinäre Wissenschaft zwischen Physik, Chemie, Molekularbiologie, Materialwissenschaften und Mineralogie. Dieses Lehrbuch stellt klar und umfassend die Grundlagen der Kristallographie dar: Symmetrielehre, Beugung von Röntgen-Strahlung und Tensoreigenschaften der Kristalle. Es versammelt damit einen Stoff, der zumeist auf einzelne Werke verteilt ist. Der Zugang zum gebotenen Stoff ist hauptsächlich geometrischer Natur und wird durch eine Fülle von Abbildungen und Diagrammen unterstützt. Das Buch richtet sich an fortgeschrittene Studierende der diversen Disziplinen der kristallinen Materie. Es erschließt dem Leser auch den Zugang zu kristallographischer Literatur und kristallographischen Datenbanken. Übungen und deren Lösungen werden zu allen Kapiteln geboten.

Kristallographie

Eine Einführung für Naturwissenschaftler

Author: W. Borchardt-Ott

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3662082276

Category: Science

Page: 190

View: 6547

El método de Rietveld

Author: Vicente José Esteve Cano

Publisher: Publicacions de la Universitat Jaume I

ISBN: 9788480215756

Category: Science

Page: 192

View: 5124

Durant els darrers quinze anys aquesta potenta eina per a l'obtenció d'informació estructural i microestructural i per a l'anàlisi quantitativa de fases a partir de difractogrames de pols, que és el mètode de Rietveld, ha jugat un paper crucial en quasi totes les àrees de la investigació en materials nous. En l'actualitat, és especialment important per a la resolució, entre d'altres, de problemes ambientals, d'anàlisi de materials i en la indústria petroquímica.

Crystallography

An Introduction

Author: Walter Borchardt-Ott

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642164521

Category: Science

Page: 355

View: 1383

As a self-study guide, course primer or teaching aid, Borchardt-Ott's Crystallography is the perfect textbook for students and teachers alike. In fact, it can be used by crystallographers, chemists, mineralogists, geologists and physicists. Based on the author's more than 25 years of teaching experience, the book has numerous line drawings designed especially for the text and a large number of exercises - with solutions - at the end of each chapter. This 3rd edition is the translation of the seventh German edition with new chapters focused on crystal chemistry and x-ray diffraction methods.

Subject Guide to Books in Print

An Index to the Publishers' Trade List Annual

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: American literature

Page: N.A

View: 2397

Correlations, transformations, and interactions of organic crystal structures

proceedings of the Eighth International Symposium on Organic Crystal Chemistry, held at Poznań-Rydzyna, Poland, 26-30 July 1992

Author: Derry Wynn Jones,Andrzej Katrusiak

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780198558262

Category: Music

Page: 325

View: 8210

Structural crystallographic analysis can reveal the stereochemistry and detailed molecular arrangement of chemical species and series of compounds in the solid state. Based on the Eighth International Symposium on Organic Crystal Chemistry, this volume provides accessible overviews of topics in the forefront of contemporary organic molecule crystallography. Topics include special techniques for collection and treatment of diffraction data, crystalline-state reactions, structure correlation from the database and structure activity relations, as well as molecular crystal conformation, packing, and hydrogen bonding. Students and researchers in crystallography and organic chemistry will want to own a copy of this book.

Crystallographic computing 5

from chemistry to biology : papers presented at the International School on Crystallographic Computing held at Bischenberg, France, 29 July-5 August, 1990

Author: Dino Moras,A. D. Podjarny,J. C. Thierry

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: N.A

Category: Medical

Page: 479

View: 2906

This is the latest entry in a series of volumes based on lectures given at the International School of Computational Crystallography. This is the fifth volume published by OUP. Of particular interest to molecular biologists and computing scientists, this book provides a timely state-of-the-art account of current research.

Phasing in Crystallography

A Modern Perspective

Author: Carmelo Giacovazzo

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199686998

Category: Science

Page: 480

View: 5182

The book describes phasing techniques in modern crystallography. The main text is dedicated to their simple description, and further mathematical details are contained in the appendices. Practical aspects are described for each specific method, making it a useful tool for the daily work of practising crystallographers.

Symmetry Relationships Between Crystal Structures

Applications of Crystallographic Group Theory in Crystal Chemistry

Author: Ulrich Müller

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199669953

Category: Science

Page: 332

View: 3599

The book presents the basic information needed to understand and to organize the huge amount of known structures of crystalline solids. Its basis is crystallographic group theory (space group theory), with special emphasis on the relations between the symmetry properties of crystals.

Direct Phasing in Crystallography

Fundamentals and Applications

Author: Carmelo Giacovazzo

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 9780198500728

Category: Science

Page: 767

View: 2382

Direct methods are, at present, applied to a large variety of cases: X-ray, neutron or electron data; single crystal and powder data; small molecules and macromolecules. While direct methods solved in practice the phase problem for small molecules, their application to macromolecules is recentand still undergoing strong development. The fundamentals of the methods are described: in particular it is shown how the methods can be optimized for powder, neutron or electron data, and how they can be integrated with isomorphous replacement, molecular replacement and anomalous dispersiontechniques. Maximum Entropy methods are also described and discussed. Sets of test structures are used to verify, throughout the various chapters, the mathematical techniques there described and to provide practical examples of applications. This book will appeal to a wide variety of readers -offering both a comprehensive description of direct methods in crystallography and an invaluable reference tool. The first three chapters can be considered as an introduction to the field, with sufficient material to constitute a university course and for allowing the expert use of most directmethods programs. Subsequent chapters are aimed at graduate students and working crystallographers. Basic results are described and discussed in the main body of the text, while the appendices compliment these with in depth mathematical details. The quoted literature is extremely wide and theinterested reader can find suggestions for future work and further reading throughout the book.

X-Ray Charge Densities and Chemical Bonding

Author: Philip Coppens

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0195098234

Category: Science

Page: 358

View: 7195

This book deals with the electron density distribution in molecules and solids as obtained experimentally by X-ray diffraction. It is a comprehensive treatment of the methods involved, and the interpretation of the experimental results in terms of chemical bonding and intermolecular interactions. Inorganic and organic solids, as well as metals, are covered in the chapters dealing with specific systems. As a whole, this monograph is especially appealing because of its broad interface with numerous disciplines. Accurate X-ray diffraction intensities contain fundamental information on the charge distribution in crystals, which can be compared directly with theoretical results, and used to derive other physical properties, such as electrostatic moments, the electrostatic potential and lattice energies, which are accessible by spectroscopic and thermodynamic measurements. Consequently, the work will be of great interest to a broad range of crystallographers and physical scientists.