Funding Health Care

Options for Europe

Author: Elias Mossialos

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780335209255

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 309

View: 9299

This book examines the advantages and disadvantages of funding arrangements currently in use across Europe. Adopting a cross-national, cross-dischiplinary perspective, it assesses the relative merits of the main methods of raising resources including taxation; social voluntary and supplemental forms of insurance; and self-pay including co-payments. Chapters review recent evidence and experience in both eastern and western Europe. The volume is introduced by a summary chapter which integrates conceptual issues in funding with an overview of the main advantages and disadvantages of each method of funding drawn from the expert chapters.

Health Financing Revisited

A Practitioner's Guide

Author: Pablo Enrique Gottret,George Schieber

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 082136586X

Category: Medical

Page: 318

View: 1694

This overview of health financing tools, policies and trends--with a particular focus on challenges facing developing countries--provides the basis for effective policy-making. Analyzing the current global environment, the book discusses health financing goals in the context of both the underlying health, demographic, social, economic, political and demographic analytics as well as the institutional realities faced by developing countries, and assesses policy options in the context of global evidence, the international aid architecture, cross-sectoral interactions, and countries' macroeconomic frameworks and overall development plans.

Social Health Insurance Systems In Western Europe

Author: Saltman, Richard,Rico, Ana,Boerma, Wienke

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education (UK)

ISBN: 0335213634

Category: Education

Page: 310

View: 9182

This title explores the nature of the pressures social health insurance systems confront to be more efficient, more effective, and more responsive.

International Encyclopedia of Public Health

Author: N.A

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128037083

Category: Medical

Page: 4470

View: 4422

International Encyclopedia of Public Health, Second Edition is an authoritative and comprehensive guide to the major issues, challenges, methods, and approaches of global public health. Taking a multidisciplinary approach, this new edition combines complementary scientific fields of inquiry, linking biomedical research with the social and life sciences to address the three major themes of public health research, disease, health processes, and disciplines. This book helps readers solve real-world problems in global and local health through a multidisciplinary and comprehensive approach. Covering all dimensions of the field, from the details of specific diseases, to the organization of social insurance agencies, the articles included cover the fundamental research areas of health promotion, economics, and epidemiology, as well as specific diseases, such as cancer, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, and reproductive health. Additional articles on the history of public health, global issues, research priorities, and health and human rights make this work an indispensable resource for students, health researchers, and practitioners alike. Provides the most comprehensive, high-level, internationally focused reference work available on public health Presents an invaluable resource for both researchers familiar with the field and non-experts requiring easy-to-find, relevant, global information and a greater understanding of the wider issues Contains interdisciplinary coverage across all aspects of public health Incorporates biomedical and health social science issues and perspectives Includes an international focus with contributions from global domain experts, providing a complete picture of public health issues

Health Systems in Transition


Author: Gregory P. Marchildon,Elias Mossialos,Sara Allin,European Observatory on Health Systems and Policies

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 0802094007

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 156

View: 6975

The health care system in Canada is much-touted in the international sphere, but often overlooked when it comes to an examination of its actual administration and regulation. Health Systems in Transition: Canada provides an objective description and analysis of the public, private, and mixed components that make up health care in Canada today. Published in co-operation with the World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe on behalf of the European Observatory on Health Systems and Policies, Gregory P. Marchildon's study offers a statistical and visual description of the many facets of Canadian health care financing, administration, and service delivery. This study's most distinctive feature is a comparative description and analysis. For international comparison, five other countries have been selected: The United States, Australia, the United Kingdom, France, and Sweden. Because public health care administration and delivery is highly decentralized in Canada, Marchildon also analyzes the important health status and health care features within Canada by province and territory, and describes in some detail the unique constitutional, jurisdictional, and financial features of the Canadian system. Balancing careful assessment, summary, and illustration, Health Systems in Transition: Canada is a thorough and illuminating look at one of the nation's most complex institutions.

Financing Health Care

A Dialogue Between South Eastern Europe and Germany

Author: Ulrich Laaser,Ralf Radermacher

Publisher: N.A


Category: Medical economics

Page: 332

View: 8604

Private Voluntary Health Insurance in Development

Friend Or Foe?

Author: Alexander S. Preker,Richard M. Scheffler,Mark C. Bassett

Publisher: World Bank Publications


Category: Business & Economics

Page: 424

View: 4678

Private voluntary health insurance already plays an important role in the health sector of many low and middle income countries. This publication reviews the context under which private insurance could contribute to an improvement in the financial sustainability of the health sector, financial protection against the costs of illness, household income smoothing, access to care, and market productivity. This volume is the third in a series of in-depth reviews of the role of health care financing in providing access for low-income populations to needed healthcare, protecting them from the impoverishing effects of illness, and addressing the important issues of social exclusion in government financed programmes.

Purchasing to Improve Health Systems Performance

Author: Figueras

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education (UK)

ISBN: 0335225004

Category: Medical

Page: 298

View: 1732

This book addresses the gap of areas of the central role the purchasing function plays in many health system reforms and provides an up-to-date analysis of the evidence on different approaches to purchasing and support for policy-makers and practitioners as they formulate purchasing strategies.

Health Care Spending in the New EU Member States

Controlling Costs and Improving Quality

Author: Mukesh Chawla

Publisher: World Bank Publications


Category: Business & Economics

Page: 55

View: 6762

Following the transition from central planning toward market-based economies, the formerly communist states of Central and Eastern Europe introduced a number of reforms in the finance, management, and organization of the health sector. While health sector reforms in these countries have involved deep structural changes, they have generally been less successful in improving efficiency, enhancing equity in healthcare financing and delivery, and managing clinical quality of health services. Total health expenditures have increased in almost all countries, especially in recent years, and with revenues not keeping pace, huge debts have accumulated in the health sector. Efficiency gains have been few and far between, and with the dynamic nature of technology and demographic changes increasing the complexity of health services and the health marketplace, further reforms are becoming even more difficult. This report takes stock of recent trends in health expenditure aggregates in the public sector and identifies specific areas of health expenditure reform consistent with the objectives of stabilizing the fiscal situation in these countries (the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Slovakia, and Slovenia) without adversely affecting the production, delivery and utilization of health services.

Health Systems, Health, Wealth And Societal Well-Being: Assessing The Case For Investing In Health Systems

Assessing the case for investing in health systems

Author: McKee , Martin,Figueras , Josep,Saltman , Richard B.

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education (UK)

ISBN: 0335244300

Category: Social Science

Page: 302

View: 6314

This book argues that health systems are not, as is often believed, simply a drag on resources, but rather part and parcel of improving health and achieving better economic growth.

Privatisation Against the European Social Model

A Critique of European Policies and Proposals for Alternatives

Author: Marica Frangakis,Christoph Hermann,Jörg Huffschmid

Publisher: Palgrave MacMillan

ISBN: 9780230224094

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 269

View: 1073

This book presents a comprehensive overview and critical analysis of the processes of liberalization and privatization, and their consequences for economic performance, social cohesion and political democracy in the European Union. It examines the main drivers and the various theoretical rationales for privatisation in the context of different schools of thinking. It argues on the basis of broad empirical evidence that privatisation in Europe, particularly the ongoing privatization of social services, undermines the basic elements of the different social models that have developed in Europe. These arguments are supported by a number of in-depth case studies, with specific focus on health care, education and finance. The authors of this volume advance from this critique and explore the basic requirements for a progressive public sector and its role for economic, social and democratic development. This book will be indispensable reading for all interested in Economic Policy, Public Sector Economics, European Integration and Political Science.

Health Care Law-making in Central and Eastern Europe

Review of a Legal-theoretical Model

Author: André Pieter den Exter,André den Exter

Publisher: Intersentia nv

ISBN: 9050952534

Category: Law

Page: 371

View: 1987

Most of the European countries are confronted with health care system reforms. In Central and Eastern Europe, however, the countries face specific challenges. Whereas "socialist" governments traditionally have been deeply involved in all facets of health care, the general process of initiated market-oriented reforms has also affected the nature and scope of government intervention in health care. Stimulated by the successes of concepts such as decentralisation, deregulation, and privatisation in order to create a more flexible market economy, policy-makers also began to apply such notions to the health care sector. The experiences in the early 1990s however, revealed certain devastating effects of transposing the general concept of market competition to the field of health care. One valuable lesson of those developments was that liberalising relations in health care necessitates a certain degree of government intervention. Furthermore, the nature and scope of Central and Eastem European health care reforms differed from country to country with no uniform "blueprint" for reform, derived from emulating Western European experiences, being readily available. Nevertheless, previous experiences in reforming health care may provide us with valuable lessons. Their significanee needs, nonetheless, to be reviewed in accordance with specific national setting.

Regulating Pharmaceuticals In Europe: Striving For Efficiency, Equity And Quality

Striving for Efficiency, Equity and Quality

Author: Mossialos, Elias,Mrazek, Monique,Walley, Tom

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education (UK)

ISBN: 9780335214655

Category: Education

Page: 368

View: 7298

"This thoughtful and comprehensive book represents the best work I have seen on the current situation concerning medication policies in the EU. It is not just that this is a very up-to-date compendium of facts and data across a wide variety of domains that impact on pharmaceutical regulation. The book is also strong on analysis of those facts as well." Jerry Avorn, Harvard Medical School. "This book offers a comprehensive examination of approaches to manage pharmaceutical expenditures in Europe. It is a must-read for those who seek to understand and navigate the changing regulatory environment for medicines in the European Union." Bernie O'Brien, McMaster University, Canada. The rising cost of pharmaceutical expenditures in many European countries is of concern to governments required to make effective use of health care budgets. Taking a broad perspective that encompasses institutional, political and supranational aspects of pharmaceutical regulation, this book examines approaches used to manage pharmaceutical expenditure across Europe and what impact these strategies have had on efficiency, quality, equity and cost of pharmaceutical care.Regulating Pharmaceuticals in Europe is an important book for students of health policy, regulation and management, and for health managers and policy makers. The editors: Elias Mossialos is Brian Abel-Smith Professor of Health Policy at the London School of Economics and Political Science and a Research Director of the European Observatory on Health Systems and Policies. Monique Mrazek is a Health Economist (Europe and Central Asia region) for the World Bank and formerly a Research Officer in Health Economics for the European Observatory on Health Systems and Policies. Tom Walley is Professor of Clinical Pharmacology at the University of Liverpool and Director of the UK National Health Technology Assessment Programme. Contributors:Julia Abelson, Christa Altenstetter, Vittorio Bertele’, Christine Bond, Marcel L. Bouvy, Colin Bradley, Steve Chapman, Anna Dixon, Michael Drummond, Pierre Durieux, Edzard Ernst, Armin Fidler, Eric Fortess, Richard Frank, Silvio Garattini, Leigh Hancher, Ebba Holme Hansen, Steve Hudson, Kees de Jonchere, Panos Kanavos, Sjoerd Kooiker, Jean-Marc Leder, Graham Lewis, Donald W. Light, Alistair McGuire, Elias Mossialos, Monique Mrazek, Maria Pia Orru', Govin Permanand, Guenka Petrova, Munir Pirmohamed, Dennis Ross-Degnan, Frans Rutten, Steven Soummerai, David Taylor, Sarah Thomson, Tom Walley.

Decentralization In Health Care: Strategies And Outcomes

Author: Saltman, Richard,Busse, Reinhard,Figueras, Josep

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education (UK)

ISBN: 033521925X

Category: Education

Page: 298

View: 5087

Exploring the capacity and impact of decentralization within European health care systems, this book examines both the theoretical underpinnings as well as practical experience with decentralization.

Health care in central Asia

Author: Martin McKee

Publisher: Open University Press


Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 222

View: 5431

Central Asia remains one of the least known parts of the former Soviet Union. The five central Asian republics gained their unexpected independence in 1991. They have faced enormous challenges over the last decade in reforming their health care systems, including adverse macro-economic conditions and political instability. To varying extents, each country is diverging from a hierarchical and unsustainable Soviet model health care system. Common strategies have involved devolving the ownership of health services, seeking sources of revenue additional to shrinking state taxes, 'down-sizing' their excessive hospital systems, introducing general practitioners into primary care services, and enhancing the training of health professionals. This book draws on a decade of experience of what has worked and what has not. It is an invaluable source for those working in the region and for others interested in the experiences of countries in political and economic transition.

Diagnosis-related Groups in Europe

Moving Towards Transparency, Efficiency and Quality in Hospitals

Author: Reinhard Busse

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education (UK)

ISBN: 0335245587

Category: Education

Page: 490

View: 6714

The volumes in the European Observatory on Health Systems and Policies series focus on key issues for health policy-making in Europe. This book is a joint venture between the WHO/EO and the EuroDRG which addresses the challenges of using Diagnosis Related Group systems in Europe.

Caring For People With Chronic Conditions: A Health System Perspective

A Health System Perspective

Author: Nolte, Ellen,McKee, Martin

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education (UK)

ISBN: 0335233708

Category: Education

Page: 259

View: 2447

This text systematically examines some of the key issues involved in the care of those with chronic diseases. It synthesises the evidence on what we know works (or does not) in different circumstances. From an international perspective, it addresses the prerequisites for effective policies and management of chronic disease.

Implementing Health Financing Reform

Lessons from Countries in Transition

Author: Joseph Kutzin,Cheryl Cashin,Melitta Jakab

Publisher: World Health Organization


Category: Medical

Page: 411

View: 3193

Since 1990, the social and economic policies of the transition countries of central and eastern Europe, the Caucasus and central Asia have diverged, including the way they have reformed the financing of their health systems. This book analyses this rich experience in a systematic way. It reviews the background to health financing systems and reform in these countries, starting with the legacy of the systems in the USSR and central and eastern Europe before 1990 and the consequences (particularly fiscal) of the transition for their organization and performance. From practical experience of implementing, advising or evaluating health financing policies in the region, the authors offer important lessons, as well as pitfalls to avoid in the reform process. This book is essential reading for health finance policy-makers, advisers and analysts in this region and beyond.