Gender, Journalism, and Equity

Canadian, U.S., and European Experiences

Author: Gertrude Joch Robinson

Publisher: Hampton Press (NJ)

ISBN: N.A

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 241

View: 5805

This analysis of the journalism profession is unique in that it uses gender as a central explanatory variable, it is comparative, and it explores the impact of equity legislation on the profession in North American and Europe. The book's systematic focus on gender not only as a biological, but as a socially constructed attribute permits the author to address the systemic biases that are inherent in the social reproduction of the journalism profession. A gender approach can clarify the minority status of females in the profession and why there is a difference in the access, promotion, and remuneration between female and male staff. More importantly, the gender approach is able to pin-point the more intangible networks of male power, which exist outside the authority structure. Finally, this approach provides evidence of the difficulties females encounter in functioning in managerial roles.

Gender Equality and the Media

A Challenge for Europe

Author: Karen Ross,Claudia Padovani

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 131748469X

Category: Social Science

Page: 272

View: 4920

This edited collection draws on and expands the findings from a pan-European research project undertaken during 2012-13 which was funded by the European Institute for Gender Equality and aimed to explore three key issues in relation to gender and media: women’s inclusion in decision-making positions within media industries; how women are represented in the media; and what policies and mechanisms are in place to support women’s career development and promote gender equality. The research looked at 99 major media organisations across the EU including public and private sector broadcasters (TV and radio) as well as a number of major newspaper groups. Researchers also monitored TV programmes (factual only but including entertainment genres) across one week and coded 1200 hours of TV. In addition to elaborating the results from 16 of the participating nations, the collection includes a set of context-setting essays and a summarizing conclusion as well as a reflection on the purpose and utility of gender indicators. It is the first major work to look across the European media landscape and explore both employment and representation, providing a unique glimpse into the contemporary media scene in relation to gender equality, including examples of good and less good practice.

The Routledge Companion to Media & Gender

Author: Cynthia Carter,Linda Steiner,Lisa McLaughlin

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135076952

Category: Social Science

Page: 670

View: 5335

The Routledge Companion to Media and Gender offers a comprehensive examination of media and gender studies, charting its histories, investigating ongoing controversies, and assessing future trends. The 59 chapters in this volume, written by leading researchers from around the world, provide scholars and students with an engaging and authoritative survey of current thinking in media and gender research. The Companion includes the following features: With each chapter addressing a distinct, concrete set of issues, the volume includes research from around the world to engage readers in a broad array of global and transnational issues and intersectional perspectives. Authors address a series of important questions that have consequences for current and future thinking in the field, including postfeminism, sexual violence, masculinity, media industries, queer identities, video games, digital policy, media activism, sexualization, docusoaps, teen drama, cosmetic surgery, media Islamophobia, sport, telenovelas, news audiences, pornography, and social and mobile media. A range of academic disciplines inform exploration of key issues around production and policymaking, representation, audience engagement, and the place of gender in media studies. The Routledge Companion to Media and Gender is an essential guide to the central ideas, concepts and debates currently shaping media and gender research.

Gender, Politics, News

A Game of Three Sides

Author: Karen Ross

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118561597

Category: Social Science

Page: 240

View: 7912

Gender, Politics, News: A Game of Three Sides explores the role of gender in the broader processes of political communication The only contemporary book focusing on the relationships between gender, politics, and news media which takes a global perspective An analysis of political journalism as a practice and the development of the field in terms of gendered workplace cultures Offers a solid framework for understanding women’s political representation, including real world case studies of women’s campaigns for the top political job across a range of different geographies and contexts Coverage of hot-button issues, such as political scandal and the role of new and social media in politics and elections, makes this a highly relevant and current work with resonances for a wide audience

Publicity and the Canadian State

Critical Communications Perspectives

Author: Kirsten Kozolanka

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442669314

Category: Social Science

Page: 392

View: 5958

Publicity pervades our political and public culture, but little has been written that critically examines the basis of the modern Canadian “publicity state.” This collection is the first to focus on the central themes in the state’s relationship with publicity practices and the “permanent campaign,” the constant search by politicians and their strategists for popular consent. Central to this political popularity contest are publicity tools borrowed from private enterprise, turning political parties into sound bites and party members into consumers. Publicity and the Canadian State is the first sustained study of the contemporary practices of political communication, focusing holistically on the tools of the publicity state and their ideological underpinnings: advertising, public opinion research, marketing, branding, image consulting, and media and information management, as well as related topics such as election law and finance, privacy, think-tank lobbying, and non-election communication campaigns. Bringing together contemporary Canadian analysis by scholars in a number of fields, this collection will be a welcome new resource for academics, public relations and policy professionals, and government communicators at all levels.

Communication Yearbook 35

Author: Charles T. Salmon

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1136705260

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 496

View: 4976

Communication Yearbook 35 continues the tradition of publishing state-of-the-discipline literature reviews and essays. Editor Charles T. Salmon presents a volume that is highly international and interdisciplinary in scope, with authors and chapters representing the broad global interests of the International Communication Association.

Gender and Newsroom Cultures

Identities at Work

Author: Marjan de Bruin,Karen Ross

Publisher: Hampton Press (NJ)

ISBN: N.A

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 276

View: 3970

This book offers chapters on the dialectics of gender and newsroom culture, bringing a feminist analysis to that relation. The text aims to bring coherence and insight to a still relatively under-researched topic. The contributors come from a diverse range of geographies, approaches and contexts. Together, the chapters provide a timely intervention i the debates around gender and journalism, extending the analysis to produce a genuinely East-West, North-South set of analyses on this important topic.

Whose News?

The Media and Women's Issues

Author: Ammu Joseph,Kalpana Sharma

Publisher: SAGE Publications Pvt. Limited

ISBN: N.A

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 408

View: 2313

The First Edition of Whose News?: The Media and Women’s Issues (1994) quickly became an international classic which was widely used both by students and practitioners. This new and updated edition of the 1994 classic addresses the set of questions that has arisen in recent years concerning women’s access (as users) to the media and to information, their participation in media and communication structures, and their portrayal and perspectives in media content. The Second Edition retains its unique gender analysis of media content, and situates, views and evaluates the coverage of gender issues in the media within the context of recent trends in both the economy and the media industry. Employing a novel and nuanced methodology, it offers a distinctive view of the history of both the media and the women’s movement in India at the beginning of the 21st century.

Actors, Institutions, and the Making of EU Gender Equality Programs

Author: Petra Ahrens

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137570601

Category: Political Science

Page: 305

View: 7315

This book is an actor-centred sociological study of the EU-level processes that produce gender equality policy. Based on interviews and documentary analysis, the study unpacks the process of the “Roadmap for Equality between Women and Men 2006-2010” to explain the different roles of actors in the making of EU gender equality policies. By analysing policy processes inside institutions and among institutions, the study focuses on the internal working logics in and between EU-level institutions. It highlights the shifting spaces, openings, and constraints for the development of gender equality policies. Concentrating on EU policy programmes helps shed light on the invisible aspects of EU gender equality policy-making and how this process changed regarding actors, structure and content in the late 2000s. This book will be of interest to students and scholars in the fields of EU politics, gender politics, and public policy, as well as to institutional and non-governmental actors in the area of gender politics in Europe and the working of EU politics.

Tilted mirrors

media alignment with political and social change : a community structure approach

Author: John Crothers Pollock

Publisher: Hampton Pr

ISBN: 9781572736603

Category: Political Science

Page: 341

View: 2290

"Instead of examining the impact of media on society, Tilted Mirrors explores the impact of society on media. How do communities affect the way media build different issue perspectives or frames? Introducing an unusual composite "Media Vector" score, the book adopts an innovative "community structure" approach, using modern national databases to link selected city characteristics and nationwide newspaper reporting on critical issues. Several media frame-building patterns emerge. The "Buffer Hypothesis" connects larger proportions of privileged groups "buffered" from economic uncertainty in cities to more favorable reporting on human rights claims or scientific advances (e.g., Anita Hill, physician-assisted suicide and embryonic stem cell research). Other frame-building patterns - Violated Buffer, Vulnerability, Protection and Stakeholder - also illuminate critical issues (e.g., banning smoking advertising to children, the Supreme Court stopping presidential vote counting in 2000, capital punishment, Patient's Bill of Rights, gun control, Arctic oil drilling, trying juveniles as adults, gays in the Boy Scouts, and those with HIV/AIDS). Positioned at the crossroads of communication/journalism, political science and sociology disciplines, Tilted Mirrors is a supplemental text for courses in mass media, media effects, communication or journalism research methods, political communication or sociology of communication."--BOOK JACKET.

Migration and Domestic Work

A European Perspective on a Global Theme

Author: Helma Lutz

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317096436

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 6418

Domestic work has become highly relevant on a local and global scale. Until a decade ago, domestic workers were rare in European households; today they can be found working for middle-class families and single people, for double or single parents as well as for the elderly. Performing the three C's - cleaning, caring and cooking - domestic workers offer their woman power on a global market which Europe has become part of. This global market is now considered the largest labour market for women world wide and it has triggered the feminization of migration. This volume brings together contributions by European and US based researchers to look at the connection between migration and domestic work on an empirical and theoretical level. The contributors elaborate on the phenomenon of 'domestic work' in late modern societies by discussing different methodological and theoretical approaches in an interdisciplinary setting. The volume also looks at the gendered aspects of domestic work; it asks why the re-introduction of domestic workers in European households has become so popular and will argue that this phenomenon is challenging gender theories. This is a timely book and will be of interest to academics and students in the fields of migration, gender and European studies.

Women and Austerity

The Economic Crisis and the Future for Gender Equality

Author: Maria Karamessini,Jill Rubery

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135073988

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 368

View: 8634

Austerity has become the new principle for public policy in Europe and the US as the financial crisis of 2008 has been converted into a public debt crisis. However, current austerity measures risk losing past progress towards gender equality by undermining important employment and social welfare protections and putting gender equality policy onto the back burner. This volume constitutes the first attempt to identify how the economic crisis and the subsequent austerity policies are affecting women in Europe and the US, tracing the consequences for gender equality in employment and welfare systems in nine case studies from countries facing the most severe adjustment problems. The contributions adopt a common framework to analyse women in recession, which takes into account changes in women’s position and current austerity conditions. The findings demonstrate that in the immediate aftermath of the financial crisis, employment gaps between women and men declined — but due only to a deterioration in men’s employment position rather than any improvements for women. Tables are set to be turned by the austerity policies which are already having a more negative impact on demand for female labour and on access to services which support working mothers. Women are nevertheless reinforcing their commitment to paid work, even at this time of increasing demands on their unpaid domestic labour. Future prospects are bleak. Current policy is reinforcing the same failed mechanisms that caused the crisis in the first place and is stalling or even reversing the long term growth in social investment in support for care. This book makes the case for gender equality to be placed at the centre of any progressive plan for a route out of the crisis.

Making Gender Equality Happen

Knowledge, Change and Resistance in EU Gender Mainstreaming

Author: Rosalind Cavaghan

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1317331370

Category: Political Science

Page: 230

View: 6347

In theory, the EU’s ‘Gender Mainstreaming’ policy should mark it out as a trail-blazer in gender equality, but gender equality activists in Europe confront a knotty problem; most civil servants and policy makers can’t understand how to ‘mainstream’ gender. Making Gender Equality Happen argues that we should take this problem seriously. In this book Cavaghan uncovers the social processes that make gender appear irrelevant to so many policy makers using a new method, gender knowledge contestation analysis. Building on this new perspective Cavaghan identifies: barriers to effective gender mainstreaming; mechanisms of resistance to gender mainstreaming; and the steps towards positive change, which gender mainstreaming can yield, even when results stop short of ‘transformation’. These findings present fresh perspectives for policy makers and activists aiming to make gender equality happen. Cavaghan’s new method also opens fresh avenues in feminist EU studies, which are particularly relevant in the wake of the financial crisis, as the EU seems to be stepping away from its commitments to gender equality.

Heroes in a Global World

Author: Susan J. Drucker,Gary Gumpert

Publisher: Hampton Press (NJ)

ISBN: 9781572736955

Category: Social Science

Page: 488

View: 3029

Support certain conclusions about heroes: All cultures have them; all cultures need them; and who or what is considered heroic may vary from culture to culture. This book provides a survey and stimulates the consideration of continuity and change with regard to heroes.

Transformations in EU Gender Equality

From emergence to dismantling

Author: Sophie Jacquot

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: 9781137436566

Category: Political Science

Page: 224

View: 3723

The European Union is considered as one of the most progressive gender regimes in the world. The EU gender equality policy is often defined as 'exceptional'. For almost four decades, an advanced set of norms and values has been imposed on the Member States and the EU has constituted a welcoming environment to women's groups and mobilisations. However, since the end of the 2000s, the EU and almost all its Member States have suffered a lasting economic and budgetary crisis. Within this new context, does the EU still offer a privileged and alternative arena for shaping and implementing an ambitious public policy aimed at promoting gender equality? Based on ten years of research, this book presents a long-term comparative analysis of the transformations of the EU gender equality. It analyses the mechanisms of construction, consolidation, and then deconstruction of the 'exceptionality' of this policy, and questions the effects of its current dismantling.

Gender, Law and Economic Well-Being in Europe from the Fifteenth to the Nineteenth Century

North versus South?

Author: Anna Bellavitis,Beatrice Zucca Micheletto

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351334212

Category: Social Science

Page: 336

View: 1243

This book offers a comparative perspective on Northern and Southern Europe laws and customs concerning women’s property and economic rights. By focusing on both Northern and Southern European societies, these studies analyse the consequences of different juridical frameworks and norms on the development of the economic roles of men and women. This volume is divided into three sections. The first, Laws, presents general outlines related to some European regions; the second, Family strategies or marital economies? questions the potential conflict between the economic interests of the married couple and those of the lineage within the nobility. Finally the third part of the book, Inside the urban economy, focuses on economic and work activities of middle and lower classes in the urban environment. The assorted and rich panorama offered by the history of the legislation on women’s economic rights shows that similarities and differences run through Europe in such a way that the North/South model looks very stereotyped. While this approach calls into question classical geographical and cultural maps and well-established chronologies, it encourages reconsidering the European history according to a cross-boundaries perspective. By drawing on a wide range of social, economic and cultural European contexts, from the late Medieval Age-Early Modern Age to the nineteenth century including the middle and lower classes (especially artisans, merchants and traders) as well as the economic practices and norms of the upper middle class and aristocracy, this book will be of interest to economic and social historians, sociologists of health, gender, sexuality and economists.

Varieties of Opposition to Gender Equality in Europe

Author: Mieke Verloo

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317232917

Category: Political Science

Page: 238

View: 3644

In contrast to the wealth of studies on progress towards gender equality, opposition to gender equality is rarely studied, which makes it difficult to understand the positive and negative dynamics of gender equality as a political project. The first of its kind, this timely collection examines the potential and challenges of our current scholarship on understanding opposition to gender+ equality in Europe. Divided into three parts, Mieke Verloo and her team of international experts begin Varieties of Opposition to Gender Equality in Europe by theorizing the dynamics of opposition to gender equality policies in Europe. Part Two highlights oppositional actors (politicians, governments, citizens, policy makers, churches) and political arenas (parliament, courts, Internet), as well as different and opposing visions of gender+ equality. Part Three concludes with a framework for understanding oppositional dynamics on gender equality change. Setting the agenda for future research, this book will be useful for students of gender and politics, social movements, European integration, and policy studies, as well as for high-level policymakers, students, and feminist activists alike. It will be an inspiration to thinkers and doers and to scholars and political actors.

Gender and the Contours of Precarious Employment

Author: Leah F. Vosko,Martha MacDonald,Iain Campbell

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135284709

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 296

View: 7274

Precarious employment presents a monumental challenge to the social, economic, and political stability of labour markets in industrialized societies and there is widespread consensus that its growth is contributing to a series of common social inequalities, especially along the lines of gender and citizenship. The editors argue that these inequalities are evident at the national level across industrialized countries, as well as at the regional level within federal societies, such as Canada, Germany, the United States, and Australia and in the European Union. This book brings together contributions addressing this issue which include case studies exploring the size, nature, and dynamics of precarious employment in different industrialized countries and chapters examining conceptual and methodological challenges in the study of precarious employment in comparative perspective. The collection aims to yield new ways of understanding, conceptualizing, measuring, and responding, via public policy and other means – such as new forms of union organization and community organizing at multiple scales – to the forces driving labour market insecurity.