Glass of the Roman World

Author: Justine Bayley,Ian Freestone,Caroline Jackson

Publisher: Oxbow Books

ISBN: 1782977775

Category: Social Science

Page: 272

View: 334

Glass of the Roman World illustrates the arrival of new cultural systems, mechanisms of trade and an expanded economic base in the early 1st millennium AD which, in combination, allowed the further development of the existing glass industry. Glass became something which encompassed more than simply a novel and highly decorative material. Glass production grew and its consumption increased until it was assimilated into all levels of society, used for display and luxury items but equally for utilitarian containers, windows and even tools. These 18 papers by renowned international scholars include studies of glass from Europe and the Near East. The authors write on a variety of topics where their work is at the forefront of new approaches to the subject. They both extend and consolidate aspects of our understanding of how glass was produced, traded and used throughout the Empire and the wider world drawing on chronology, typology, patterns of distribution, and other methodologies, including the incorporation of new scientific methods. Though focusing on a single material the papers are firmly based in its archaeological context in the wider economy of the Roman world, and consider glass as part of a complex material culture controlled by the expansion and contraction of the Empire. The volume is presented in honor of Jenny Price, a foremost scholar of Roman glass.

Early glass of the ancient world

1600 B.C.-A.D. 50 : Ernesto Wolf collection

Author: Birgit Schlick-Nolte

Publisher: N.A


Category: Antiques & Collectibles

Page: 430

View: 3918

Of particular value is a systematic analysis - the first to date - of the history of ancient glass technology. Presented in easy-to-understand language and accompanied by numerous comparative photographs and drawings, step-by-step descriptions of studio experiments reconstruct the techniques of the ancient artisans. The descriptive catalogue of this comprehensive collection is illustrated with full-color photographs by Peter Frankenstein and Hendrik Zwietasch who have captured the magic of ancient glass, enabling the reader to behold many small objects as through a magnifying glass. E. Marianne Stern and Birgit Schlick-Nolte meticulously researched and documented Ernesto Wolf's collection to create an essential handbook of early ancient glass.

Rimsko steklo Slovenije / The Roman Glass of Slovenia

Author: Irena Lazar

Publisher: Založba ZRC


Category: Glassware, Roman

Page: 252

View: 7115

The Roman Glass of Slovenia is an academic presentation of all of the Roman glass, circa 1st to the 5th century AD, found on the territory of present-day Slovenia, excluding those found in Emona (Ljubljana). The 266-page book covers typology, and descriptions of techniques and review of forms of cast, mould-blown and free-blown products, and includes chapters on production processes and remains of glass production furnaces found in Slovenia. It includes 46 color photographs and numerous illustrations and reference tables.

Roman Glass

Reflections of Everyday Life

Author: Stuart J. Fleming

Publisher: UPenn Museum of Archaeology

ISBN: 9780924171512

Category: History

Page: 66

View: 3265

This lavishly illustrated book places glass in its social setting within the Roman household. The volume was written to accompany the traveling exhibition Roman Glass: Reflections on Cultural Change. Through a series of vignettes, the author tells the story of the development of the glass industry in the Roman Empire and the role of glass in the daily routines of the ancient Romans. During the reign of Rome's first emperor, Augustus (27 B.C.-A.D. 14), as several well-established industries such as pottery- and textile-making were being expanded, the craft of glassmaking was adopted from the East, turned into an industry, and adapted to Roman taste. By the mid-first century A.D. glass rivaled pottery in the domestic marketplace. It was used for tableware and storage containers to hold everything from preserved fish to fine perfumes. Glass featured strongly in the Roman daily routine, from the early morning, when maids would apply perfumed lotions to their mistress in preparation for her social rounds, to the late afternoon, when slaves would bring platters of food, bowls of fruit, and jugs of wine—all of glass—to the supper table. And there was a place for glass even in Roman funerary ritual, because it was custom to include all manner of domestic items among the grave furnishings, to add comfort to the afterlife.

Roman Glass in the Corning Museum of Glass

Author: David Whitehouse

Publisher: Hudson Hills

ISBN: 9780872901391

Category: Antiques & Collectibles

Page: 381

View: 9071

The Corning Museum contains one of the best collections of Roman glass in the world. Many of the objects in the collection were published in Pre-Roman and Early Roman Glass in the Corning Museum of Glass in 1979; this volume contains 481 additional artefacts dating from the 1st century BC to the 7th/8th century AD. Each entry in the catalogue comprises a detailed description with comments and a colour photograph, with additional drawings given at the back. The catalogue entries are divided by technique: casting or pressing; casting and blowing; cameo; blowing; blowing and blobbed decoration/cut decoration.

Glass of the Roman Empire

Author: Sheppard & Cooper Ltd,Christopher Sheppard

Publisher: N.A


Category: Glassware, Roman

Page: 39

View: 6810

Trade, Commerce, and the State in the Roman World

Author: Alan Bowman

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019879066X

Category: Architecture

Page: 688

View: 1866

This volume presents eighteen papers by leading Roman historians and archaeologists discussing trade in the Roman Empire during the period c.100 BC to AD 350. It focuses especially on the role of the Roman state in shaping the institutional framework for trade within and outside the empire, in taxing that trade, and in intervening in the markets to ensure the supply of particular commodities, especially for the city of Rome and for the army. As part of a novel interdisciplinary approach to the subject, the chapters address its myriad facets on the basis of broadly different sources of evidence: historical, papyrological, and archaeological. They are grouped into three sections, covering institutional factors (taxation, legal structures, market regulation, financial institutions); evidence for long-distance trade within the empire in wood, stone, glass, and pottery; and trade beyond the frontiers, with the east (as far as China), India, Arabia, the Red Sea, and the Sahara. Rome's external trade with realms to the east emerges as being of particular significance, but it is in the eastern part of the empire itself where the state appears to have adapted the mechanisms of taxation in collaboration with the elite holders of wealth to support its need for revenue. On the other hand, the price of that collaboration, which was in effect a fiscal partnership, ultimately led in the longer term in slightly different forms in the east and the west to a fundamental change in the political character of the empire.

Glass of the Sultans

Author: Stefano Carboni,David Whitehouse,Robert H. Brill,Corning Museum of Glass,William Gudenrath,Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, N.Y.)

Publisher: Metropolitan Museum of Art

ISBN: 0870999869

Category: Art

Page: 330

View: 3241

This catalogue accompanies an exhibition that brings together more than 150 glass objects representing twelve centuries of Islamic glassmaking. Included are the principal types of pre-industrial glass from Egypt, the Middle East, and India in a comprehensive array of shapes, colors, and techniques such as glassblowing, the use of molds, the manipulation of molten glass with tools, and the application of molten glass to complete or decorate an object. -- Metropolitan Museum of Art website.

How Glass Changed the World

The History and Chemistry of Glass from Antiquity to the 13th Century

Author: Seth C. Rasmussen

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642281834

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 85

View: 5243

Glass production is thought to date to ~2500 BC and had found numerous uses by the height of the Roman Empire. Yet the modern view of glass-based chemical apparatus (beakers, flasks, stills, etc.) was quite limited due to a lack of glass durability under rapid temperature changes and chemical attack. This “brief” gives an overview of the history and chemistry of glass technology from its origins in antiquity to its dramatic expansion in the 13th century, concluding with its impact on society in general, particularly its effect on chemical practices.

Roman Glass

Reflections on Cultural Change

Author: Stuart James Fleming

Publisher: UPenn Museum of Archaeology

ISBN: 9780924171727

Category: Art

Page: 208

View: 4045

Follow the way social attitudes and historical events--among them, slavery and materialism, wars and plagues--influenced how glassworking developed in the Roman world from the mid-first century B.C. to the late sixth century A.D. Woven into this story is the place of glassware in Roman everyday life, from the lady-of-the-house's cosmetic preparations each morning to the setting of table for the evening meal. Included are two special appendices: one considers the technology of ancient glassmaking, the other summarizes ancient opinions on the properties and merits of glass.

The Hellenistic, Roman, and Medieval Glass from Cosa

Author: David F Grose

Publisher: University of Michigan Press

ISBN: 0472130625

Category: History

Page: 304

View: 8176

A landmark contribution to our knowledge of the Roman glass industry in the Western Mediterranean

Britain and the End of the Roman Empire

Author: Ken R. Dark

Publisher: Tempus Pub Limited


Category: History

Page: 256

View: 3293

Questioning many current assumptions, this wide-ranging study presents a radical reinterpretation of Britain in the period AD 400-600.

Neighbours and Successors of Rome

Traditions of Glass Production and use in Europe and the Middle East in the Later 1st Millennium AD

Author: Daniel Keller,Jennifer Price,Caroline Jackson

Publisher: Oxbow Books

ISBN: 1782973982

Category: Social Science

Page: 352

View: 3110

Presented through 20 case studies covering Europe and the Near East, Neighbours and Successors of Rome investigates development in the production of glass and the mechanisms of the wider glass economy as part of a wider material culture in Europe and the Near East around the later first millennium AD. Though highlighting and solidifying chronology, patterns of distribution, and typology, the primary aims of the collection are to present a new methodology that emphasises regional workshops, scientific data, and the wider trade culture. This methodology embraces a shift in conceptual approach to the study of glass by explaining typological change through the existence of a thriving supra-national commercial network that responded to market demands and combines the results of a range of new scientific techniques into a framework that stresses co-dependence and similarities between the various sites considered. Such an approach, particularly within Byzantine and Early Islamic glass production, is a pioneering concept that contextualises individual sites within the wider region. By twinning a critique of archaeometric methods with the latest archaeological research, the contributors present a foundation for glass research, seen through the lens of consumption demands and geographical necessity, that analyses production centres and traditional typological knowledge. In so doing the they bridge an important divide by demonstrating the co-habitability of diverse approaches and disciplines, linking, for example, the production of Campanulate bowls from Gallaecia with the burgeoning international late antique style. Equally, the particular details of those pieces allow us to identify a regional style as well as local production. As such this compilation provides a highly valuable resource for archaeologists, anthropologists, and art historians.

The Transformation of the Roman World AD 400-900

Author: Leslie Webster,Michelle Brown

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520210608

Category: History

Page: 258

View: 770

The fall of the Roman Empire and the beginning of what we call the Middle Ages was a period of tremendous change and upheaval in Europe and Byzantium. Focusing on these pivotal five centuries in European history, this wide-ranging study features essays by an international team of distinguished scholars. Their essays survey the most significant aspects of the transition from late Antiquity to the early Middle Ages: the later Roman empire, the barbarian successor states, estates and property, wealth and treasure, production and distribution, death and burial rites, cult and worship, and the transmission of ideas. The essays are accompanied by six shorter chapters based on related exhibitions in museums throughout Europe during 1997, with themes ranging from Roman villas to Scandinavian gold brooches, Byzantine burial practices to medieval Dutch hoards. Handsomely illustrated in both color and black and white, the book also contains a helpful glossary and gazetteer of principal place names.

Guide to the Etruscan and Roman Worlds at the University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology

Author: University of Pennsylvania. Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology,Donald White,Ann Blair Brownlee,Irene Bald Romano,Jean MacIntosh Turfa

Publisher: UPenn Museum of Archaeology

ISBN: 9781931707381

Category: History

Page: 100

View: 6133

A guide to the museum's collection of Etruscan and Roman materials offers information on the daily life, language, commerce, and burial customs of the Etruscans and Romans.

Mosaics of the Greek and Roman World

Author: Katherine M. D. Dunbabin

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521002301

Category: Art

Page: 357

View: 5188

This book provides a comprehensive account of mosaics in the ancient world from the early pebble mosaics of Greece to the pavements of Christian churches in the East. Separate chapters in Part I cover the principal regions of the Roman Empire in turn, in order to bring out the distinctive characteristics of their mosaic workshops. Questions of technique and production, of the role of mosaics in architecture, and of their social functions and implications are treated in Part II. The book discusses both well-known works and recent finds, and balances consideration of exceptional masterpieces against standard workshop production. Two main lines of approach are followed throughout: first, the role of mosaics as a significant art form, which over an unbroken span illuminates the evolution of pictorial style better than any comparable surviving medium; and secondly, their character as works of artisan production closely linked to their architectural context.


The Triumph and Tragedy of the Roman Republic

Author: Tom Holland

Publisher: Klett-Cotta

ISBN: 3608108181

Category: History

Page: 463

View: 6972

Aufstieg und Untergang der Römischen Republik: Mit stilistischer Brillanz und historischem Scharfsinn erzählt Tom Holland die römische Geschichte von ihren etruskischen Anfängen bis zur Ermordung Caesars. »Erzählte Geschichte vom Feinsten. Ein Buch, das mich wirklich gefesselt hat.« Ian McEwan »Eine atemberaubende und glänzend geschriebene Gesamtschau der Machtkämpfe im Rom von Caesar und Cicero.« Uwe Walter »Eine packende, spannende und ungemein unterhaltsame Darstellung der römischen Republik.« Books of the Year, Sunday Times »Tom Holland erzählt den Untergang der römischen Republik neu: ein geistreiches Werk. Hochaktuell.« Independent on Sunday

Glass from the ancient world

so diverse a unity

Author: Elizabeth L. Higashi,David Whitehouse,Mardigian Library (University of Michigan--Dearborn)

Publisher: N.A


Category: Antiques & Collectibles

Page: 88

View: 8775

Infancy and Earliest Childhood in the Roman World

'a Fragment of Time'

Author: Maureen Carroll

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199687633

Category: History

Page: 336

View: 2849

Despite the developing emphasis in current scholarship on children in Roman culture, there has been relatively little research to date on the role and significance of the youngest children within the family and in society. This volume singles out this youngest age group, the under one-year-olds, in the first comprehensive study of infancy and earliest childhood to encompass the Roman Empire as a whole: integrating social and cultural history with archaeological evidence, funerary remains, material culture, and the iconography of infancy, it explores how the very particular historical circumstances into which Roman children were born affected their lives as well as prevailing attitudes towards them. Examination of these varied strands of evidence, drawn from throughout the Roman world from the fourth century BC to the third century AD, allows the rhetoric about earliest childhood in Roman texts to be more broadly contextualized and reveals the socio-cultural developments that took place in parent-child relationships over this period. Presenting a fresh perspective on archaeological and historical debates, the volume refutes the notion that high infant mortality conditioned Roman parents not to engage in the early life of their children or to view them, or their deaths, with indifference, and concludes that even within the first weeks and months of life Roman children were invested with social and gendered identities and were perceived as having both personhood and value within society.