Global Politics and Violent Non-state Actors

Author: Natasha Ezrow

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1526421577

Category: Political Science

Page: 248

View: 4310

With inclusion of theories and causal factors for context, plenty of case studies for real-world application, and pedagogical features to encourage engagement, this book’s coverage also goes far beyond the traditional focus on terrorist groups to provide readers with a stimulating and wide-ranging introduction to the subject

Violent Non-state Actors in World Politics

Author: Kledja Mulaj

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 9780231701204

Category: Political Science

Page: 475

View: 8910

"This study of violent non-state actors is of a truly sweeping order that should be appreciated for its profusion of ideas. The individual authors, all experts in their respective fields, lay out the problems of analysis with the fullest respect for their complexity and state their case with remarkable clarity." Christopher Coker, London School of Economics "A high quality collection of essays. Case studies are written by leading experts in the field and are consistently fascinating." Jan Selby, Sussex University The 2008 attacks on Mumbai were carried out by a Pakistani militant group known as Lashkar i-Taiba, termed a "non-state actor" by Pakistan's president, Asif Zardari. In most cases, violent non-state actors (VNSAs) rise as a state fails, resorting to brutally effective, organized attacks to advance political aims and other goals. Currently operating in Afghanistan, Lebanon, Somalia, and Sudan, VNSAs can take the form of national liberation movements confronting an occupying force, insurgents engaged in protracted political and military struggles that chip away at a government's legitimacy, terrorists who threaten violence to effect political change, irregular yet recognizable armed forces working within an ungoverned area or failing state, and mercenary militias, such as those used by Shell or army-loaded units operating in the Niger Delta. The essays in this volume follow the political, economic, and social processes behind the emergence of VNSAs and the way in which they manipulate crises. Contributors isolate the point at which violence becomes desirable to the non-state actor and explore how this change alters the relationship between VNSAs and the state, and they track the influence of VNSAs on the rebuilding of the very governments they tear down. One of the first resources to describe these groups in depth, this volume decodes the internal structure of VNSAs, their recruitment strategies and ideologies their characteristics and partnerships, and their fundamental similarities and differences.

Violent Non-State Actors

From Anarchists to Jihadists

Author: Ersel Aydinli

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317201213

Category: Political Science

Page: 188

View: 7947

Given the importance of violent non-state actors (VNSA) and their evolving role in global politics, dynamic frameworks of analysis are needed both to trace historical trajectories in the evolution of violent non-state actorness and to identify emerging patterns by examining modern day cases. This book examines the defining characteristics and evolutionary dynamics of VNSAs, and introduces a framework based on their autonomy, representation and influence providing a comparative analysis of the late 19th and early 20th centuries’ Anarchist movement and the modern-day Jihadist network. It explores the distinct characteristics of the Anarchists and Jihadists as VNSAs with global potential, not just describing them, but also seeking to understand what they are instances of. With a longitudinal analysis, the book also considers the types of changes that have occurred in the past 150 years and the possible role VNSAs may play in current and future power polity shifts away from states toward non-state actors. It concludes with both theoretical implications for the study of non-state actors and transnational relations, and practical implications for government agencies or private groups tasked with finding ways of countering such violent non-state actors. This important book will be of interest to students and scholars of international relations, political science, and terrorism/security studies. It will also be of interest to practitioners in the security services including think-tank analysts and government security analysts.

Children of Blood and Bone

Goldener Zorn

Author: Tomi Adeyemi

Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag

ISBN: 3104909962

Category: Fiction

Page: 94

View: 2053

Sie töteten meine Mutter. Sie raubten uns die Magie. Sie zwangen uns in den Staub. Jetzt erheben wir uns. Zélies Welt war einst voller Magie. Flammentänzer spielten mit dem Feuer, Geistwandler schufen schillernde Träume, und Seelenfänger wie Zélies Mutter wachten über Leben und Tod. Bis zu der Nacht, als ihre Kräfte versiegten und der machthungrige König von Orïsha jeden einzelnen Magier töten ließ. Die Blutnacht beraubte Zélie ihrer Mutter und nahm einem ganzen Volk die Hoffnung. Jetzt hat Zélie eine einzige Chance, die Magie nach Orïsha zurückzuholen. Ihre Mission führt sie über dunkle Pfade, wo rachedurstige Geister lauern, und durch glühende Wüsten, die ihr alles abverlangen. Dabei muss sie ihren Feinden immer einen Schritt voraus sein. Besonders dem Kronprinzen, der mit allen Mitteln verhindern will, dass die Magie je wieder zurückkehrt ... Der internationale Bestseller! Große Kinoverfilmung bereits in Arbeit bei Fox 2000 (»Twilight«, »Das Schicksal ist ein mieser Verräter«)

Weltordnung

Author: Henry A. Kissinger

Publisher: C. Bertelsmann Verlag

ISBN: 3641155487

Category: Political Science

Page: 480

View: 5368

Henry Kissinger über die größte Herausforderung des 21. Jahrhunderts Hat das westlich geprägte Wertesystem im 21. Jahrhundert angesichts aufstrebender Mächte mit gänzlich anderem Menschenbild und Gesellschaftskonzept als Basis einer Frieden stiftenden Weltordnung ausgedient? Henry Kissinger, über Jahrzehnte zentrale Figur der US-Außenpolitik und Autorität für Fragen der internationalen Beziehungen, sieht unsere Epoche vor existenziellen Herausforderungen angesichts zunehmender Spannungen. In der heutigen global eng vernetzten Welt wäre eine Ordnung vonnöten, die von Menschen unterschiedlicher Kultur, Geschichte und Tradition akzeptiert wird und auf einem Regelwerk beruht, das in der Lage ist, regionale wie globale Kriege einzudämmen. Der Autor analysiert die Entstehung der unterschiedlichen Ordnungssysteme etwa in China, den islamischen Ländern oder im Westen und unternimmt den Versuch, das Trennende zwischen ihnen zusammenzuführen und den Grundstein für eine zukünftige friedliche Weltordnung zu legen.

Warlords Rising

Confronting Violent Non-state Actors

Author: Troy S. Thomas,Stephen D. Kiser,William D. Casebeer

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 9780739111901

Category: Political Science

Page: 254

View: 3576

As non-state armed groups gain greater access to resources and networks through global interconnectivity, they have come to dominate the terrain of illegal trade in drugs, guns, and humans. Warlords Rising arms those confronting the mounting non-state challenge by delivering an innovative, interdisciplinary framework of analysis designed to improve understanding of non-state adversaries in order to affect their development and performance.

Blackwater

Der Aufstieg der mächtigsten Privatarmee der Welt

Author: Jeremy Scahill

Publisher: Antje Kunstmann

ISBN: 3888978548

Category: History

Page: 351

View: 4932

Kaum jemand hatte von der Firma Blackwater gehört, als am 16. September 2007 im Irak 17 Zivilisten erschossen wurden – von einem Söldnertrupp. Schnell stellte sich heraus, dass sie zu einer Art Privatarmee gehörten, die im Irak und anderswo für die USA Krieg führt, unbemerkt von der Öffentlichkeit und immun gegen Strafverfolgung. Blackwater: die mächtigste militärische Dienst­leis­tungsfirma der Welt. Ihr Gründer Erik Prince, Multimillionär und christlicher Fundamentalist, hat beste Kontakte zur Regierung. Und erkennt nach dem 11. September 2001, wie viel Geld sich mit dem »Outsourcing« militärischer Leistungen verdienen lässt: Bushs »Krieg gegen den Terror« ist die Steilvorlage für den kometenhaften Aufstieg der Firma. Blackwaters Elitesoldaten schützen US-Politiker und Geschäftsleute im Irak – gegen ein Gehalt, von dem GIs nur träumen können. Blackwater kann bei Bedarf Truppen und eine Flugzeugflotte zur Verfügung stellen, groß genug, Regierungen zu stürzen. Blackwaters Söldner bewachen Öl-Pipelines, seine »Sicherheitskräfte« patrouillierten nach Katrina in den Straßen von New Orleans. Doch erst jetzt fällt dem US-Kongress auf, dass die martialischen Rambos keinerlei parlamentarischer Kontrolle, keiner Gerichtsbarkeit unterliegen. Mit seiner glänzend recherchierten Geschichte der Firma Blackwater zeigt Jeremy Scahill überzeugend auf, welche Gefahren der Demokratie drohen, wenn die Regierung ihr Gewaltmonopol privatisiert.

Terrorismus und politische Gewalt

Author: Sylvia Schraut

Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht

ISBN: 3647370754

Category: Social Science

Page: 243

View: 6530

Das gesellschaftliche Phänomen politische Gewalt und mit ihm verbunden die Fragen von Sicherheit und Prävention beanspruchen in den letzten Jahren wachsende Aufmerksamkeit. Seit dem Anschlag auf die »twin towers« in New York am 11. September 2001 finden die internationalen politischen Konflikte in Form von terroristischen Anschlägen mehr und mehr auch ihren Eingang in die öffentlichen Räume und Debatten europäischer demokratischer Gesellschaften. Doch politische Gewalt beschäftigt nicht nur die aktuelle Politik, sondern auch die Gesellschaftswissenschaften. Die Rolle der Geschichtswissenschaft ist es hierbei, die Geschichte eines Phänomens zu beleuchten, das keineswegs neu ist, sondern in Wellen die europäischen Gesellschaften des 19. und 20. Jahrhunderts begleitete. Vor diesem Hintergrund bietet das Lehrbuch eine Einführung in die Terrorismusgeschichte und die Geschichte der politischen Gewalt. Anhand historischer Fallbeispiele beleuchtet es die unterschiedlichen Facetten politischer Gewalt und staatlicher Gegenmaßnahmen und vermittelt die geschichtswissenschaftlichen Zugänge zum Thema.

Non-State Challenges in a Re-Ordered World

The Jackals of Westphalia

Author: Stefano Ruzza,Anja P Jakobi,Charles Geisler

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317561554

Category: Political Science

Page: 230

View: 8150

There is a sprawling scholarship on violence, crime, and corrupt state rule; yet few have interpreted these challenges as transformative at the global scale and as a potential source of alternative, non-state, legitimacy. This volume challenges "Westphalian conservativism" in a provocative yet plausible manner, shedding light at the ubiquity and diversity of unfolding non-state agendas and at their effect on the imagined state community. Focusing on civil war parties, warlords, commercial providers of security, multinational companies and criminal organizations, the book directs attention to theoretical questions and policy challenges arising from non-state armed expansion. To accomplish this, the contributors present a range of case studies and comparisons within three thematic sections: the first takes stock of how, when, and in what measure state and state-system legitimacy are challenged by non-state violent or criminal activity; the second addresses the nature, effectiveness, and side-effects of different state-mandated reaction to non-state activities; and third focuses on the recombination of state and non-state actors contributing to processes of socio-political transformation. This volume provides a current analysis of different armed and violent actors encroaching on the state's monopoly of violence. It seeks to spark debate about global political change and will be of interest to students and scholars of global governance, global security, and international relations.

Violent Non-State Actors in Africa

Terrorists, Rebels and Warlords

Author: Caroline Varin,Dauda Abubakar

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319513524

Category: Political Science

Page: 340

View: 6883

This book explores the rise and impact of violent non-state actors in contemporary Africa and the implications for the sovereignty and security of African states. Each chapter tackles a unique angle on violent organizations on the continent with the view of highlighting the conditions that lead to the rise and radicalization of these groups. The chapters further examine the ways in which governments have responded to the challenge and the national, regional and international strategies that they have adopted as a result. Chapter contributors to this volume examine the emergence of Islamist terrorists in Nigeria, Mali and Libya; rebels in DR Congo, Central African Republic, Ethiopia and Rwanda; and warlords and pirates in Somalia, Uganda and Sierra Leone.

Global Politics and the Responsibility to Protect

From Words to Deeds

Author: Alex J. Bellamy

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136868631

Category: History

Page: 256

View: 7760

This book provides an in-depth introduction to, and analysis of, the issues relating to the implementation of the recent Responsibility to Protect principle in international relations The Responsibility to Protect (RtoP) has come a long way in a short space of time. It was endorsed by the General Assembly of the UN in 2005, and unanimously reaffirmed by the Security Council in 2006 (Resolution 1674) and 2009 (Resolution 1894). UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon has identified the challenge of implementing RtoP as one of the cornerstones of his Secretary-Generalship. The principle has also become part of the working language of international engagement with humanitarian crises and has been debated in relation to almost every recent international crisis – including Sudan, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Georgia, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Darfur and Somalia. Concentrating mainly on implementation challenges including the prevention of genocide and mass atrocities, strengthening the UN’s capacity to respond, and the role of regional organizations, this book introducing readers to contemporary debates on R2P and provides the first book-length analysis of the implementation agenda. The book will be of great interest to students of the responsibility to protect, humanitarian intervention, human rights, foreign policy, security studies and IR and politics in general.

Dynamics of Political Violence

A Process-Oriented Perspective on Radicalization and the Escalation of Political Conflict

Author: Dr Chares Demetriou,Dr Lorenzo Bosi,Dr Stefan Malthaner

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1472401921

Category: Political Science

Page: 320

View: 4597

Dynamics of Political Violence examines how violence emerges and develops from episodes of contentious politics. By considering a wide range of empirical cases, such as anarchist movements, ethno-nationalist and left-wing militancy in Europe, contemporary Islamist violence, and insurgencies in South Africa and Latin America, this pathbreaking volume of research identifies the forces that shape radicalization and violent escalation. It also contributes to the process-and-mechanism-based models of contentious politics that have been developing over the past decade in both sociology and political science. Chapters of original research emphasize how the processes of radicalization and violence are open-ended, interactive, and context dependent. They offer detailed empirical accounts as well as comprehensive and systematic analyses of the dynamics leading to violent episodes. Specifically, the chapters converge around four dynamic processes that are shown to be especially germane to radicalization and violence: dynamics of movement-state interaction; dynamics of intra-movement competition; dynamics of meaning formation and transformation; and dynamics of diffusion.

Gewalt

Eine neue Geschichte der Menschheit

Author: Steven Pinker

Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag

ISBN: 310401616X

Category: History

Page: 1216

View: 2776

Die Geschichte der Menschheit – eine ewige Abfolge von Krieg, Genozid, Mord, Folter und Vergewaltigung. Und es wird immer schlimmer. Aber ist das richtig? In einem wahren Opus Magnum, einer groß angelegten Gesamtgeschichte unserer Zivilisation, untersucht der weltbekannte Evolutionspsychologe Steven Pinker die Entwicklung der Gewalt von der Urzeit bis heute und in allen ihren individuellen und kollektiven Formen, vom Verprügeln der Ehefrau bis zum geplanten Völkermord. Unter Rückgriff auf eine Fülle von wissenschaftlichen Belegen aus den unterschiedlichsten Disziplinen beweist er zunächst, dass die Gewalt im Laufe der Geschichte stetig abgenommen hat und wir heute in der friedlichsten Epoche der Menschheit leben. Diese verblüffende Tatsache verlangt nach einer Erklärung: Pinker schält in seiner Analyse sechs Entwicklungen heraus, die diesen Trend begünstigt haben, untersucht die Psychologie der Gewalt auf fünf innere Dämonen, die Gewaltausübung begünstigen, benennt vier Eigenschaften des Menschen, die den inneren Dämonen entgegenarbeiten und isoliert schließlich fünf historische Kräfte, die uns heute in der friedlichsten Zeit seit jeher leben lassen. Pinkers Darstellung revolutioniert den Blick auf die Welt und uns Menschen. Und sie macht Hoffnung und Mut. »Pinkers Studie ist eine leidenschaftliche Antithese zum verbreiteten Kulturpessimismus und dem Gefühl des moralischen Untergangs der Moderne.« Der Spiegel »Steven Pinker ist ein Top-Autor und verdient all die Superlative, mit denen man ihn überhäuft« New York Times» Die Argumente von Steven Pinker haben Gewicht [...]. Die Chance, heute Opfer von Gewalt zu werden, ist viel geringer als zu jeder anderen Zeit. Das ist eine spannende Nachricht, die konträr zur öffentlichen Wahrnehmung ist." Deutschlandfunk »Steven Pinker ist ein intellektueller Rockstar« The Guardian »Der Evolutionspsychologe Steven Pinker gilt als wichtigster Intellektueller« Süddeutsche Zeitung »Verflucht überzeugend« Hamburger Abendblatt

Lords of the Silk Route

Violent Non-state Actors in Central Asia

Author: N.A

Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 1428960996

Category: Political violence

Page: 132

View: 3704

The Global Resistance Reader

Author: Louise Amoore

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415335843

Category: Political Science

Page: 449

View: 7897

The Global Resistance Reader provides the first comprehensive account of the phenomenal rise of transnational social movements which have opposed the financial, economic and political hegemony of large international organisations such as the World Trade Organisation, World Bank and International Monetary Fund. The conceptual debates, substantive themes and case studies have been selected to open up the idea of global resistance to interrogation and discussion by students and to provide a one-stop source for researchers, journalists, policymakers and activists.

Perspectives on World Politics

Author: Richard Little,Michael Smith

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415322768

Category: Political Science

Page: 433

View: 9247

Perspectives on World Politics has been essential reading for students of international relations since the 1980s. This new edition fully updates this key text for the twenty-first century. Focusing on the main competing analytical perspectives, the first and second editions established an authoritative sense of the conceptual tools used to study world politics, as well as reflecting on the major debates and responses to changes in the world arena. This third edition builds on the success of its predecessors by presenting a fresh set of readings within this framework: power and security interdependence and globalization dominance and resistance. It also includes a much-expanded fourth section, 'World Politics in Perspective', which reflects the methodological and normative debates that have developed since publication of the previous edition. This is an essential text for all students and scholars of politics and international relations.

Armed Groups and Contemporary Conflicts

Challenging the Weberian State

Author: Keith Krause

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317987098

Category: History

Page: 216

View: 4828

Armed groups operating beyond the state have become the most important actors in most contemporary wars and violent conflicts, from Iraq and Afghanistan to Colombia and Somalia. They come in a dizzying array of forms: some informally linked to the state and state power, others in opposition to the state; some pursuing classic political goals, others primarily predatory and large-scale criminal enterprises. All groups, however, challenge the state’s Weberian monopoly of the legitimate use of force, yet their origins, evolution, violent dynamics, and relations with state power are poorly understood. This interdisciplinary collection includes both conceptual and empirical studies of contemporary armed groups, examining cases in Latin America, Asia and Africa. It brings sociological, political economy, and ethnographic approaches to bear on larger questions including armed groups and the changing nature of warfare, the economic dimensions of their activities, and means of engagement with armed actors. It both broadens and sharpens our understanding of how force and violence are used in today’s contemporary armed conflicts. This book was published as a special issue of Contemporary Security Policy.

Der neue Imperialismus

Author: David Harvey

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783899650921

Category:

Page: 236

View: 2895

Understanding Global Security

Author: Peter Hough

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135042012

Category: Political Science

Page: 328

View: 9869

Fully revised to incorporate recent developments, this third edition of Understanding Global Security analyses the variety of ways in which people's lives are threatened and/or secured in contemporary global politics. The traditional focus of Security Studies texts: war, deterrence and terrorism, are analysed alongside non-military security issues such as famine, crime, disease, disasters, environmental degradation and human rights abuses to provide a comprehensive survey of how and why people are killed in the contemporary world. New to this edition: Greater coverage of the evolving theoretical literature on security, including more analysis of critical theory perspectives and emerging schools of thought. A revamp of the sections examining the causes of inter-state war and counter-terrorism strategies. Analysis of key recent developments including the global economic recession, Haiti earthquake of 2010 and Fukushima nuclear disaster of 2011. New quantitative analysis of the impact of global crime and environmental change. Greater evaluation of the divergences in how human security is interpreted and the future prospects for this way of thinking and acting in international relations. User-friendly and easy to follow, this textbook is designed to make a complex subject accessible to all. Key features include: ‘Top ten’ tables highlighting the most destructive events or forms of death in that areas throughout history. Boxed descriptions elaborating key concepts in the fields of security and International Relations. ‘Biographical boxes’ of key individuals who have shaped security politics. Further reading and websites at the end of each chapter guiding you towards the most up-to-date information on the various topics. Glossary of political terminology. This highly acclaimed and popular academic text will continue to be essential reading for everyone interested in security.