Globalization and America's Trade Agreements

Author: William Krist

Publisher: Woodrow Wilson Center Press / Johns Hopkins University Press

ISBN: 9781421411682

Category: Political Science

Page: 304

View: 4548

This book will serve as a valuable guide for those unfamiliar with trade policy and provides a challenging critique of trade policy for those already knowledgeable in the field.

Trade and Globalization

An Introduction to Regional Trade Agreements

Author: David A. Lynch

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers

ISBN: 0742566900

Category: Political Science

Page: 346

View: 7304

Regional trade agreements (RTAs) are not new, but their complexity and importance in global economics and politics has grown exponentially in the past two decades. Tackling this daunting proliferation head on, this book provides a much-needed guide to RTAs. Setting current regional agreements in their economic, political, and historical context, David A. Lynch describes and compares every significant RTA, region by region. He clearly explains their intricate inner workings, their webs of collaboration and conflict, and their primary goals and effectiveness. Lynch's deeply knowledgeable study bridges the ideological divides in scholarly and public debate, including economists' emphases on markets and efficiency versus antiglobalization activists' concerns over inequality and social ills. By building a middle ground between micro and macro analysis and clarifying technical terminology, this concise and accessible book will be an invaluable reference for all readers.

Nursing and Globalization in the Americas

A Critical Perspective

Author: Karen Lucas Breda,Ray H Elling

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351864386

Category: Psychology

Page: 382

View: 5576

Nursing is vital to millions of people worldwide. This book details the ebb and flow of its fascinating history and politics through case studies from Brazil, Argentina, Chile, Colombia, Mexico, Canada, and the United States. Authors from across the Americas share findings and explore new thinking about Western hemisphere-specific issues that affect nursing and health care. Using economic globalization as an overarching framework, these cross-national case studies show the strengths and contradictions in nursing, elucidating common themes and examining successes. The partnership of authors shapes a collective understanding of nursing in the Americas and forms a basis for enduring hemisphere-wide academic exchange. Thus, the book offers a new platform for understanding the struggles and obstacles of nursing in a climate of globalization, as well as for understanding nursing's richness and accomplishments. Because politics, economics, health, and nursing are inextricably linked, this volume critically explores the intersections among political economies and nursing and health care systems. The historical and contextual background allows readers to make sense of how and why nursing in the Americas has taken on its present form.

Die Schatten der Globalisierung

Author: Joseph Stiglitz

Publisher: Siedler Verlag

ISBN: 3641202779

Category: Business & Economics

Page: N.A

View: 1948

Explodierende Aktienkurse und scheinbar nie dagewesenes Wirtschaftswachstum kennzeichneten die »Goldenen Neunziger« – bis der Absturz in eine weltweite, tiefe und bis heute andauernde Rezession folgte. Was ist schief gelaufen? Nobelpreisträger Joseph Stiglitz zeigt, welchen Kräften sich der schwindelerregende Boom verdankte und inwiefern in ihm bereits die Saat der Zerstörung angelegt war. Stiglitz, als Berater der ersten Clinton-Administration und später Chefökonom der Weltbank ein intimer Kenner des »Tatorts Washington« (NZZ) und der internationalen Konzernzentralen, weiß von den strategischen Entscheidungen in den innersten Zirkeln von Politik und Wirtschaft zu berichten, aber auch von den hitzigen Debatten, die diesen vorausgingen. Selbstkritisch beleuchtet er die globalen Folgen ihres gemeinsamen Tuns: Wie ist die Fixierung auf den Defizitabbau heute zu bewerten? Wie wirkt sich die von der US-Regierung exzessiv betriebene Deregulierung des Marktes aus? Wohin hat uns die Maxime, Eigennutz diene automatisch auch der Allgemeinheit, geführt? Das Gleichgewicht zwischen Staat und Markt ist verloren gegangen, so Stiglitz’ zentrale These. Um diese Balance wiederherzustellen, entwickelt Stiglitz eine überzeugende Alternative zum Diktat des Marktes – denn das, so zeigt er auf provozierende Weise, ist nicht nur wenig sozial, sondern auf lange Sicht sogar unwirtschaftlich.

Die Chancen der Globalisierung

Author: Joseph Stiglitz

Publisher: Siedler Verlag

ISBN: 3641051304

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 448

View: 3212

Wir wissen, was an der Globalisierung faul ist. Joseph Stiglitz sagt uns, wie sie funktionieren kann. Der Nobelpreisträger Joseph Stiglitz kehrt mit diesem Buch zurück zu den Fragen seines Bestsellers »Die Schatten der Globalisierung«. Er untersucht, welche Veränderungen die Weltwirtschaftsordnung in den letzten Jahren erlebt hat und erläutert die großen politischen Herausforderungen, vor denen wir heute stehen. Vor allem entwickelt er seine Vision einer gerechteren Zukunft und zeigt konkrete Wege aus der Globalisierungsfalle auf. Der weltweite Wohlstand nimmt infolge der Globalisierung zwar insgesamt zu, doch auch das Gefälle zwischen Reich und Arm wird immer größer. Seitdem Stiglitz mit seinem Bestseller „Die Schatten der Globalisierung“ für Furore sorgte, hat sich das Bewusstsein für dieses Ungleichgewicht und für die Gefahren sozialer Ungerechtigkeit geschärft. Doch den zahlreichen Bekenntnissen für eine gerechtere Welt müssen nun politische Taten folgen. An diesem Punkt setzt das neue Buch des Wirtschaftsnobelpreisträgers an. Auf der Grundlage seiner wissenschaftlichen Forschung und seiner Erfahrungen in der politischen Praxis zeigt Stiglitz, wie die Chancen für positive Veränderungen, die in der fortschreitenden Globalisierung liegen, genutzt werden können. Dabei spricht er zahlreiche Themen an, die uns in Europa, in den USA aber auch in den sich entwickelnden Ländern auf den Nägeln brennen. Ob es um weltweites Outsourcing geht oder um Energieprobleme, die notwenige Reform des weltweiten Währungssystems oder die Kontrolle transnationaler Konzerne – stets behält Stiglitz das Machbare im Auge. Joseph Stiglitz ist Nobelpreisträger und auch hierzulande ein gefragter Autor.

Globalization

Tame It or Scrap It?

Author: Greg Buckman

Publisher: Zed Books Ltd.

ISBN: 1848136943

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 250

View: 5446

This book gives the lie to the claim that globalization is 'irreversible and irresistible'. Greg Buckman argues there are two broad approaches within the anti-globalization movement, explaining the details of each school's outlook, their weaknesses, where they disagree, their common ground, and where they might come together in campaigns.

Das Globalisierungs-Paradox

die Demokratie und die Zukunft der Weltwirtschaft

Author: Dani Rodrik

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 9783406613517

Category:

Page: 415

View: 7710

Ein Plädoyer gegen Hyperglobalisierung und für eine gewisse demokratische Renationalisierung der Wirtschaftspolitik.

From the Net to the Net

Atlantic Canada and the Global Economy

Author: R. James Sacouman,James Sacouman,Henry Veltmeyer

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 155193051X

Category: History

Page: 215

View: 6318

This text looks at globalization through the lens of Atlantic Canadians and their relationship with both the global economy and the country at large.

Globalization and International Trade Policies

Author: Robert Mitchell Stern

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9812798099

Category: Commercial policy

Page: 781

View: 4386

This book brings together a collection of papers that Robert M Stern and his co-authors have written in recent years. The collection addresses a variety of issues pertinent to the global trading system. One group of papers deals with globalization in terms of what the public needs to know about this phenomenon and the role of the World Trade Organization (WTO), whether some countries may be hurt by globalization, how global market integration relates to national sovereignty, and how and whether considerations of fairness are and should be dealt with in the global trading system and WTO negotiations. A second group of papers consists of analytical and computational modeling studies of multilateral, regional, and bilateral trading arrangements and negotiations from a global and national perspective for the United States and other major trading countries. The remaining papers include an empirical analysis of barriers to international services transactions and the consequences of liberalization, and issues of international trade and labor standards. Sample Chapter(s). Chapter 1: Introduction and Overview (97 KB). Contents: Globalization: What the Public Should Know about Globalization and the World Trade Organization (A V Deardorff & R M Stern); Globalization''s Bystanders: Does Trade Liberalization Hurt Countries That Do Not Participate? (A V Deardorff & R M Stern); Global Market Integration and National Sovereignty (A G Brown & R M Stern); Concepts of Fairness in the Global Trading System (A G Brown & R M Stern); Analysis of Multilateral, Regional, and Bilateral Trading Arrangements: Multilateral Trade Negotiations and Preferential Trading Arrangements (A V Deardorff & R M Stern); An Overview of the Modeling of the Choices and Consequences of US Trade Policies (A V Deardorff & R M Stern); Issues of Manufactures Liberalization and Administered Protection in the Doha Round (A V Deardorff & R M Stern); An Assessment of the Economic Effects of the Menu of US Trade Policies (K Kiyota & R M Stern); Trade Diversion Under NAFTA (K Fukao et al.); Some Economic Effects of the Free Trade Agreement between Tunisia and the European Union (D K Brown et al.); A North American Free Trade Agreement: Analytical Issues and a Computational Assessment (D K Brown et al.); Computable General Equilibrium Estimates of the Gains from US-Canadian Trade Liberalization (D K Brown & R M Stern); The Effects of the Tokyo Round on the Structure of Protection (A V Deardorff & R M Stern); Services Trade: Empirical Analysis of Barriers to International Services Transactions and the Consequences of Liberalization (A V Deardorff & R M Stern); International Trade and Labor Standards: Pros and Cons of Linking Trade and Labor Standards (D K Brown et al.); The Effects of Multinational Production on Wages and Working Conditions in Developing Countries (D K Brown et al.); US Trade and Other Policy Options and Programs to Deter Foreign Exploitation of Child Labor (D K Brown et al.); Labor Standards and International Trade (R M Stern). Readership: Upper-level undergraduates, post graduates, academics, researchers and policy-makers in international trade and finance.

Mad about Trade

Why Main Street America Should Embrace Globalization

Author: Daniel T. Griswold

Publisher: Cato Institute

ISBN: 193530819X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 203

View: 8458

Made about Trade demonstrates how free trade is "the working family's best friend" and reexamines "the globalization debate from the perspective of what it means for millions of typical American families."

Der Aufstieg der Anderen

das postamerikanische Zeitalter

Author: Fareed Zakaria

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783886809172

Category: East and West

Page: 303

View: 6767

Der Verfasser erklärt in seinem Buch, warum wir am Beginn eines neuen, postamerikanischen Zeitalters stehen und dennoch auf eine starke Rolle der USA unter ihrem neuen Präsidenten Barack Obama angewiesen sind.

The Politics of Globalization in the United States

Author: Edward S. Cohen

Publisher: Georgetown University Press

ISBN: 9781589014589

Category: Political Science

Page: 224

View: 7740

From the conflicts over the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) and the World Trade Organization to concern over illegal immigration and debates over the official status of the English language, politicians and citizens have been reconsidering fundamental questions about American society’s role in a changing global arena. Applying concepts derived from the study of international and comparative politics, Edward S. Cohen offers a systematic analysis of the impact of globalization on United States domestic politics. Focusing on the obvious issue of trade and the less obvious areas of immigration and language policy, Cohen demonstrates that globalization is both the cause and result of a new relationship between the government, corporations, and citizens within the United States. Globalization has led to the formation of new political divisions and coalitions and has caused deepening conflicts over the purposes and goals of American politics. The outcome of these conflicts, Cohen argues, will determine the future of American political life. Showing that globalization has transformed the priorities and responsibilities of sovereign states rather than hastening their demise, the book will interest politicians, policymakers, and students looking for a discussion of globalization that is grounded in the recent political history of the United States.

Making Sweatshops

The Globalization of the U.S. Apparel Industry

Author: Ellen Rosen

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520928572

Category: Political Science

Page: 347

View: 3452

The only comprehensive historical analysis of the globalization of the U.S. apparel industry, this book focuses on the reemergence of sweatshops in the United States and the growth of new ones abroad. Ellen Israel Rosen, who has spent more than a decade investigating the problems of America's domestic apparel workers, now probes the shifts in trade policy and global economics that have spawned momentous changes in the international apparel and textile trade. Making Sweatshops asks whether the process of globalization can be promoted in ways that blend industrialization and economic development in both poor and rich countries with concerns for social and economic justice—especially for the women who toil in the industry's low-wage sites around the world. Rosen looks closely at the role trade policy has played in globalization in this industry. She traces the history of current policies toward the textile and apparel trade to cold war politics and the reconstruction of the Pacific Rim economies after World War II. Her narrative takes us through the rise of protectionism and the subsequent dismantling of trade protection during the Reagan era to the passage of NAFTA and the continued push for trade accords through the WTO. Going beyond purely economic factors, this valuable study elaborates the full historical and political context in which the globalization of textiles and apparel has taken place. Rosen takes a critical look at the promises of prosperity, both in the U.S. and in developing countries, made by advocates for the global expansion of these industries. She offers evidence to suggest that this process may inevitably create new and more extreme forms of poverty.

Globalization

Education Research, Change and Reform

Author: Zygmunt Bauman

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231508859

Category: Social Science

Page: 296

View: 8171

From the streets of Seattle to corporate boardrooms to new factories in third-world nations, globalization is subject to very different and often explosively divergent interpretations. Where some see globalization as driving poor countries into further poverty, others see it as the path to economic salvation and democratic rule. With original contributions from ten eminent economists, Globalization: What's New cuts through the confusion and rhetoric to offer straightforward, incisive analysis of globalization and its future. Coming from some of globalization's most prominent supporters (David Dollar), its most vocal critics (Joseph Stiglitz), and those in-between, this collection presents diverse and original perspectives on globalization's immense reach that dig to the core of many debates. The contributors analyze recent trends in trade, immigration, and capital flows; why some poor countries have grown while others have stagnated during the past two decades; future opportunities for low-wage workers; globalization's impact on jobs and wages in poor countries and in the United States; the surprising environmental benefits of globalization; the degree to which foreign aid helps developing countries; the failures of international institutions in governing the global economy and supporting democracy; and how foreign loans and investments can wreak havoc on a nation's economy.

Globalization and Cross-border Labor Solidarity in the Americas

The Anti-sweatshop Movement and the Struggle for Social Justice

Author: Ralph Armbruster-Sandoval

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415949576

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 223

View: 7600

First published in 2005. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Free Trade Agreements and Globalisation

In the Shadow of Brexit and Trump

Author: Arne Melchior

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319928341

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 276

View: 5307

This book analyses the fast spread of free trade agreements (FTAs) across the globe, their content and their economic impact. In the wake of Brexit and the new protectionism of President Trump, Melchior offers a timely assessment of key issues relating to FTAs. Dividing the world into seven major regions, he analyses world trade, the globalisation of FTAs and their role within and between the regions. Using a new world trade model, he then presents new evidence on the impact of trade agreements, the value of trade, the impact of China’s growth and the West’s industrial decline, and the role of reciprocity in trade policy. Covering rich and poor countries, commodity exporters and all of the world’s regions, he offers new and original insights about a number of pertinent issues facing today’s world.

Introducing Globalization

Ties, Tensions, and Uneven Integration

Author: Matthew Sparke

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118241118

Category: Political Science

Page: 512

View: 2633

Designed specifically for introductory globalization courses,Introducing Globalization helps students to develop informedopinions about globalization, inviting them to become participantsrather than just passive learners. Identifies and explores the major economic, political andsocial ties that comprise contemporary global interdependency Examines a broad sweep of topics, from the rise oftransnational corporations and global commodity chains, to globalhealth challenges and policies, to issues of worker solidarity andglobal labor markets, through to emerging forms of global mobilityby both business elites and their critics Written by an award-winning teacher, and enhanced throughout bynumerous empirical examples, maps, tables, an extendedbibliography, glossary of key terms, and suggestions for furtherreading and student research Supported by additional web resources – available uponpublication at ahref="http://www.wiley.com/go/sparke"www.wiley.com/go/sparke/a– including hot links to news reports, examples ofglobalization and other illustrative sites, and archived examplesof student projects Engage with fellow readers of Introducing Globalizationon the book's Facebook page at ahref="http://www.facebook.com/IntroducingGlobalization"www.facebook.com/IntroducingGlobalization/a,or learn more about this topic by enrolling in the free Courseracourse Globalization and You at ahref="https://www.coursera.org/course/globalization"www.coursera.org/course/globalization/a

Fair Trade

Agenda für einen gerechten Welthandel

Author: Joseph E. Stiglitz,Andrew Charlton

Publisher: Murmann Verlag DE

ISBN: 9783938017630

Category:

Page: 374

View: 6871

Latin American Responses to Globalization in the 21st Century

Author: M. Nilsson,J. Gustafsson

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: 0230347746

Category: Political Science

Page: 267

View: 7210

Combining thematic analysis with country case studies including Mexico, Bolivia, and Brazil, an international group of scholars discuss the expectations, threats and responses to globalization in Latin America. They look at a variety of new research areas connected to globalization, such as the creation of informal citizens, the impact of remittances, the dangers of transnational crime, indigenous responses to economic globalization and its impact on human security. Moreover, they identify the pitfalls of democracy in a globalizing Latin America, as well as the hopes connected with energy politics. Finally, they consider the relationship with China and South-South cooperation as alternatives to long-term historical alliances

Europe and the Management of Globalization

Author: Wade Jacoby,Sophie Meunier

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317986199

Category: Political Science

Page: 168

View: 5175

European politicians often speak of their efforts to 'manage globalization.' At one level, this is merely a rhetorical device to make globalization more palatable to citizens and prove that policy-makers are still firmly in control of their country’s fate. This volume argues that the advocacy of managed globalization goes beyond rhetoric and actually has been a primary driver of major European Union (EU) policies in the past twenty years. The EU has indeed tried to manage globalization through the use of five major mechanisms: 1) expanding policy scope 2) exercising regulatory influence 3) empowering international institutions 4) enlarging the territorial sphere of EU influence, and 5) redistributing the costs of globalization. These mechanisms are neither entirely novel, nor are they always effective but they provide the contours of an approach to globalization that is neither ad hoc deregulation, nor old-style economic protectionism. The recent financial crisis may have seemed initially to vindicate the European efforts to manage globalization, but it also represented the limits of such efforts without the full participation of the US and China. The EU cannot rig the game of globalization, but it can try to provide predictability, oversight, and regularity with rules that accommodate European interests. This book was based on a special issue of Journal of European Public Policy.