Governing Tsarist Russia

Author: Peter Waldron

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: 9780333717172

Category: History

Page: 256

View: 5849

The Tsarist Empire posed unique problems to its rulers. Peter Waldron examines the challenges that faced them in terms of geography, culture, finance and military power, analysing the sources of the Russian Empire's strength and the reasons why--when other European monarchies were forced to surrender authority--the tsars were able to maintain their unlimited power for so long.

A Generation of Revolutionaries

Nikolai Charushin and Russian Populism from the Great Reforms to Perestroika

Author: Ben Eklof,Tatiana Saburova

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN: 0253031257

Category: History

Page: N.A

View: 2954

Nikolai Charushin’s memoirs of his experience as a member of the revolutionary populist movement in Russia are familiar to historians, but A Generation of Revolutionariesprovides a broader and more engaging look at the lives and relationships beyond these memoirs.It shows how, after years of incarceration, Charushin and friends thrived in Siberian exile, raising children and contributing to science and culture there. While Charushin’s memoirs end with his return to European Russia, this sweeping biography follows this group as they engaged in Russia’s fin de siècle society, took part in the 1917 revolution, and struggled in its aftermath. A Generation of Revolutionaries provides vibrant and deeply personal insights into the turbulent history of Russia from the Great Reforms to the era of Stalinism and beyond. In doing so, it tells the story of a remarkable circle of friends whose lives balanced love, family and career with exile, imprisonment, and revolution.

War and Revolution in Russia, 1914-22

The Collapse of Tsarism and the Establishment of Soviet Power

Author: Christopher Read

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 1137295686

Category: History

Page: 264

View: 833

The First World War unleashed a powerful, transforming, destructive storm across the European continent. Its consequences were felt as harshly in Russia as anywhere else in the world. A spiral of chaos and violence erupted, continuing to reign throughout years of revolution and civil war. Leading expert Christopher Read presents a cutting-edge, highly readable introduction to Russia's crisis years. Read synthesises a wealth of newly available material and treats the period 1914-22 as a whole in order to contextualise and better understand the events of 1917 and their impact. As he examines the multiple revolutions, Read asks how and why the Bolsheviks were able to survive the storm, eventually taking over the world's largest country.

A/AS Level History for AQA Tsarist and Communist Russia, 1855–1964 Student Book

Author: Robert Francis,Hannah Dalton

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107531152

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 128

View: 3420

A new series of bespoke, full-coverage resources developed for the AQA 2015 A/AS Level History. Written for the AQA A/AS Level History specifications for first teaching from 2015, this print Student Book covers the Tsarist and Communist Russia, 1855-1964 Breadth component. Completely matched to the new AQA specification, this full-colour Student Book provides valuable background information to contextualise the period of study. Supporting students in developing their critical thinking, research and written communication skills, it also encourages them to make links between different time periods, topics and historical themes.

The End of Imperial Russia, 1855–1917

Author: Peter Waldron

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 1349254835

Category: Economics

Page: 200

View: 509

This book explores the long-term reasons for the demise of Imperial Russia, examining the failure of the autocratic state to strengthen its own political position while economic change transformed Russian society. It seeks to explain its debilitating internal tensions and to link these to the pressures exerted by Russia's repeated failure in war and by the empire's continuing expansion. Lastly, it analyzes what led to Russia being governed, only eight months after the collapse of Tsarism, by the Bolsheviks' revolutionary regime.

Von Windhuk nach Auschwitz?

Beiträge zum Verhältnis von Kolonialismus und Holocaust

Author: Jürgen Zimmerer

Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster

ISBN: 3825890554

Category: Genocide

Page: 349

View: 3169

"Vierzig Jahre vor dem 'Vernichtungskrieg im Osten' und dem Holocaust verübten deutsche Kolonialtruppen in Deutsch-Südwestafrika den ersten Genozid des 20. Jahrhunderts. 'Von Windhuk nach Auschwitz?' fragt nach dem Verhältnis von Kolonialismus und Nationalsozialismus und nimmt Genozid, 'Rassenstaat' und Zwangsarbeitsregime als Ausgangspunkt einer vergleichenden Betrachtung. Der Band ist ein unverzichtbares Dokument einer Debatte um eine postkoloniale Erweiterung der deutschen Geschichte, wie sie innerhalb der deutschen wie der internationalen Geschichtswissenschaft intensiv geführt wird, und erlaubt einen frischen Blick sowohl auf die Geschichte des Kolonialismus wie des 'Dritten Reiches.'"--Cover.

Europe's Long Twelfth Century

Order, Anxiety and Adaptation, 1095-1229

Author: John D. Cotts

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 1137296089

Category: History

Page: 256

View: 6238

Between 1095 and 1229, Western Europe confronted a series of alternative cultural possibilities that would fundamentally transform its social structures, its intellectual life, and its very identity. It was a period of difficult decisions and anxiety rather than a triumphant 'renaissance'. In this fresh reassessment of the twelfth century, John D. Cotts: • shows how new social, economic and religious options challenged Europeans to re-imagine their place in the world • provides an overview of political life and detailed examples of the original thought and religious enthusiasm of the time • presents the Crusades as the century's defining movement. Ideal for students and scholars alike, this is an essential overview of a pivotal era in medieval history that arguably paved the way for a united Europe.

Die Romanows

Glanz und Untergang der Zarendynastie 1613-1918

Author: Simon Sebag Montefiore

Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag

ISBN: 310490152X

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 1032

View: 8211

Simon Sebag Montefiore, Bestseller-Autor und Russland-Experte, schildert in seiner ebenso spannenden wie unterhaltsamen Biographie ›Die Romanows: Glanz und Untergang der Zarendynastie 1613 - 1918‹ die sagenumwobene Dynastie, die Russland bis heute prägt. Wie kein anderes Adelsgeschlecht sind die Romanows der Inbegriff von schillerndem Prunk, Macht, Dekadenz und Grausamkeit. Über 300 Jahre dominierten sie das russische Reich, mehr als 20 Zaren und Zarinnen gingen aus dem Geschlecht hervor, allesamt getrieben von unbändigem Machthunger und rücksichtslosem Willen zu herrschen – einige dem Wahnsinn näher als dem Genie. Simon Sebag Montefiore erzählt die Saga dieser unglaublichen Familie, in der Rivalität, Giftmorde und sexuelle Exzesse regelrecht auf der Tagesordnung standen. Basierend auf neuester Forschung und unbekanntem Archivmaterial zeichnet er die Schicksale und politischen Verwicklungen nach. Weder zuvor noch danach gab es ein so gewaltiges Reich, in dem sich Glanz und Grausamkeit auf so unheilvolle Weise verbündeten. Mit zahlreichen Abbildungen, prächtige Ausstattung. »Exzellent! Im Vergleich dazu ist Game of Thrones das reinste Kaffeekränzchen.« Antony Beevor »Als läse man zwanzig packende Romane in einem Band zusammengefasst.« The Bookseller »Die glorreiche Geschichte der Romanow-Dynastie, voll von Blut, Sex und Tränen.« Daily Telegraph »Ein beindruckendes Buch, das gründliche Recherche mit exzellenter Prosa vereint.« The Times »Montefiores Reise durch die 300 Jahre der Romanows gleicht einer Studie über Brutalität, Sex und Macht, absolut fesselnd [...], die Recherche ist akribisch und der Stil packend.« The Observer

Russland gegen Napoleon

die Schlacht um Europa

Author: Dominic Lieven

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783570100509

Category:

Page: 763

View: 8012

Eine grundlegend neue Bewertung der Napoleon-Zeit auf der Basis erstmals ausgewerteter russischer Quellen Der Sieg Russlands über Napoleon markiert ein epochales Ereignis der europäischen Geschichte. Nach der Zerschlagung der vertriebenen Grande Armée 1812 wurde Napoleons Heer 1813 ein weiteres Mal auf deutschen Schlachtfeldern besiegt, bevor russische Truppen an der Spitze der siegreichen Koalition am 31. März 1814 in Paris einmarschierten. Damit begründete das Zarenreich im bis dahin längsten Feldzug der europäischen Geschichte Stabilität und Frieden im damaligen Europa. Dominic Lieven bezieht erstmals umfassend die russische Ereignisperspektive ein und revidiert zentrale Positionen bisheriger Geschichtsschreibung, die sich vornehmlich auf westliche Quellen stützt. Dabei werden drei kriegsentscheidende Stärken Russlands sichtbar: die logistische Meisterleistung, eine halbe Million Truppen ausserhalb des eigenen Staatsgebiets zu versorgen, die Überlegenheit der russischen Kavallerie und die oft verkannte Weitsicht von Zar Alexander I.

Der Gulag

Author: Anne Applebaum

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783442153503

Category:

Page: 732

View: 9973

Hundert Jahre Revolution

Russland und das 20. Jahrhundert

Author: Orlando Figes

Publisher: Hanser Berlin

ISBN: 3446248684

Category: History

Page: 400

View: 8482

Eine glänzend geschriebene Geschichte Sowjetrusslands – von den Wurzeln des Bolschewismus bis zum Putsch gegen Gorbatschow 1991. Laut Orlando Figes erstreckt sich die Wirkung der Russischen Revolution von 1917 über die Jahrzehnte der Diktatur bis in die Gegenwart. So waren die Sowjetführer bis zuletzt überzeugt, dass sie die von Lenin begonnene Revolution fortsetzten und auf ihre Ziele hinarbeiteten: eine kommunistische Gesellschaft des materiellen Überflusses für das Proletariat und ein neuer kollektiver Menschentyp. In einem historischen Moment, da in Russland unter Putin die autoritäre Staatstradition wiederauflebt, liefert Figes eine überzeugende Interpretation des russischen 20. Jahrhunderts.

Imperial Russia's Muslims

Islam, Empire and European Modernity, 1788–1914

Author: Mustafa Tuna

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 131638103X

Category: History

Page: N.A

View: 6915

Imperial Russia's Muslims offers an exploration of social and cultural change among the Muslim communities of Central Eurasia from the late eighteenth century through to the outbreak of the First World War. Drawing from a wealth of Russian and Turkic sources, Mustafa Tuna surveys the roles of Islam, social networks, state interventions, infrastructural changes and the globalization of European modernity in transforming imperial Russia's oldest Muslim community: the Volga-Ural Muslims. Shifting between local, imperial and transregional frameworks, Tuna reveals how the Russian state sought to manage Muslim communities, the ways in which both the state and Muslim society were transformed by European modernity, and the extent to which the long nineteenth century either fused Russia's Muslims and the tsarist state or drew them apart. The book raises questions about imperial governance, diversity, minorities, and Islamic reform, and in doing so proposes a new theoretical model for the study of imperial situations.

Educational Reform in Post-Soviet Russia

Legacies and Prospects

Author: Ben Eklof,Larry Eugene Holmes,Vera Kaplan

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780714657059

Category: Education

Page: 350

View: 8985

This volume consists of a collection of essays devoted to study of the most recent educational reform in Russia. In his first decree Boris Yeltsin proclaimed education a top priority of state policy. Yet the economic decline which accompanied the collapse of the Soviet Union dealt a crippling blow to reformist aspirations, and to the existing school system itself. The public lost faith in school reform and by the mid-1990s a reaction had set in. Nevertheless, large-scale changes have been effected in finance, structure, governance and curricula. At the same time, there has been a renewed and widespread appreciation for the positive aspects of the Soviet legacy in schooling. The essays presented here compare current educational reform to reforms of the past, analyze it in a broader cultural, political and social context, and study the shifts that have occurred at the different levels of schooling 'from political decision-making and changes in school administration to the rewriting textbooks and teachers' everyday problems. The authors are both Russian educators, who have played a leading role in implementation of the reform, and Western scholars, who have been studying it from its very early stages. Together, they formulate an intricate but cohesive picture, which is in keeping with the complex nature of the reform itself. Contributors: Kara Brown, (Indiana University) * Ben Eklof (Indiana University) * Isak D. Froumin, (World Bank, Moscow) * Larry E. Holmes (University of South Alabama) * Igor Ionov, (Russian History Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences) * Viacheslav Karpov & Elena Lisovskaya, (Western Michigan University) * Vera Kaplan, (Tel Aviv University) * Stephen T. Kerr, (University of Washington) * James Muckle, (University of Nottingham) * Nadya Peterson, (Hunter College) * Scott Seregny, (Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis) * Alexander Shevyrev, (Moscow State University) * Janet G. Vaillant, (Harvard University)

Der Weg in die Unfreiheit

Russland - Europa - Amerika

Author: Timothy Snyder

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 3406725023

Category: Political Science

Page: 376

View: 9009

Gleichheit oder Oligarchie, Individualismus oder Unfreiheit, Wahrheit oder Fake News – die Welt, wie wir sie kannten, steht am Scheideweg. Viel hat der Westen selbst dazu beigetragen. Aber er hat auch mächtige Feinde, die seine Institutionen mit allen Mitteln – von der Finanzierung des Rechtspopulismus in Europa bis zum Cyberwar – untergraben wollen. Wer diese Gegner sind, wie sie vorgehen und wie bedrohlich die Lage ist, das beschreibt das aufsehenerregende neue Buch von Tim Snyder. Mit dem Ende des Kalten Krieges hatten die liberalen Demokratien des Westens gesiegt. Von nun an würde die Menschheit eine friedvolle, globalisierte Zukunft erwarten. Doch das war ein Irrtum. Seit Putin seine Macht in Russland etabliert hat, rollt eine Welle des Autoritarismus von Osten nach Westen, die Europ... a erfasst hat und mit Donald Trump auch im Weißen Haus angekommen ist. Tim Snyder, Autor des Weltbestsellers «Über Tyrannei», beschreibt in seinem Buch den Aufstieg dieser neuen «rechten Internationalen», schildert ihre bedrohlichen Ziele und zeigt, wie sehr die Grundlagen unserer Demokratie in Gefahr sind.

Imperial Russia, 1801-1905

Author: Tim Chapman

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 0415231094

Category: History

Page: 149

View: 4883

Written specifically for the A level student, this book is a highly accessible introduction to the period, organised chronologically and looking at each tsar's reign in turn, comparing and contrasting them.

A People Apart

A Political History of the Jews in Europe 1789-1939

Author: David Vital

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199246816

Category: History

Page: 944

View: 2367

A controversial look at 150 years of Jewish history in Europe, leading up to the Holocaust.

The Russian Moment in World History

Author: Marshall Poe

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691116129

Category: History

Page: 116

View: 4176

Offers a reinterpretation of the course of Russian history from the time of its earliest settlers to the collapse of the Soviet Union.

Russian Approaches to International Law

Author: Lauri Mälksoo

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 019103469X

Category: Law

Page: 290

View: 7967

This book addresses a simple question: how do Russians understand international law? Is it the same understanding as in the West or is it in some ways different and if so, why? It answers these questions by drawing on from three different yet closely interconnected perspectives: history, theory, and recent state practice. The work uses comparative international law as starting point and argues that in order to understand post-Soviet Russia's state and scholarly approaches to international law, one should take into account the history of ideas in Russia. To an extent, Russian understandings of international law differ from what is considered the mainstream in the West. One specific feature of this book is that it goes inside the language of international law as it is spoken and discussed in post-Soviet Russia, especially the scholarly literature in the Russian language, and relates this literature to the history of international law as discipline in Russia. Recent state practice such as the annexation of Crimea in 2014, Russia's record in the UN Security Council, the jurisprudence of the European Court of Human Rights, prominent cases in investor-state arbitration, and the creation of the Eurasian Economic Union are laid out and discussed in the context of increasingly popular 'civilizational' ideas, the claim that Russia is a unique civilization and therefore not part of the West. The implications of this claim for the future of international law, its universality, and regionalism are discussed.