Grand Strategies in War and Peace

Author: Paul M. Kennedy

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300056662

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 228

View: 2077

Examines how the US, the Soviet Union and various European powers have developed their grand Strategies - how they have integrated their political, economic and military goals in order to preserve their long-term interests in times of war and peace.

Grand Strategy in Theory and Practice

The Need for an Effective American Foreign Policy

Author: William C. Martel

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107082064

Category: Political Science

Page: 530

View: 8612

This book explores fundamental questions about grand strategy, as it has evolved across generations and countries. It provides an overview of the ancient era of grand strategy and a detailed discussion of its philosophical, military, and economic foundations in the modern era. The author investigates these aspects through the lenses of four approaches - those of historians, social scientists, practitioners, and military strategists. The main goal is to provide contemporary policy makers and scholars with a historic and analytic framework in which to evaluate and conduct grand strategy. By providing greater analytical clarity about grand strategy and describing its nature and its utility for the state, this book presents a comprehensive theory on the practice of grand strategy in order to articulate the United States' past, present, and future purpose and position on the world stage.

British and Japanese Military Leadership in the Far Eastern War, 1941-45

Author: Brian Bond

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136348832

Category: History

Page: 192

View: 7749

Some sixty years after the Far Eastern War ended, this innovative new collection brings together five distinguished UK-based scholars and five from Japan to reappraise their respective country's leadership in the Malaya and Burma campaigns. This leadership is analyzed on various levels, ranging from the grand strategic to operational. The Japanese contributors examine the reasons for their forces, brilliant advances in 1941-42, whereas the British writers have to account for the disastrous defeat, characterized by the poor leadership of senior commanders such as Bennett and Percival. Between 1943 and 1945, the tables were turned dramatically, so the failure of Japanese command decisions then comes under critical scrutiny and the British have to explain how defeat was transformed into victory. Above all, this volume should stimulate interest in different methods and styles of military leadership in view of the contrasting approaches of the British and Japanese in the Second World War.

Changing Worlds

Vietnam's Transition from Cold War to Globalization

Author: David W.P. Elliott

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199996083

Category: Political Science

Page: 432

View: 2632

Throughout the entire Cold War era, Vietnam served as a grim symbol of the ideological polarity that permeated international politics. But when the Cold War ended in 1989, Vietnam faced the difficult task of adjusting to a new world without the benefactors it had come to rely on. In Changing Worlds, David W. P. Elliott, who has spent the past half century studying modern Vietnam, chronicles the evolution of the Vietnamese state from the end of the Cold War to the present. When the communist regimes of Eastern Europe collapsed, so did Vietnam's model for analyzing and engaging with the outside world. Fearing that committing fully to globalization would lead to the collapse of its own system, the Vietnamese political elite at first resisted extensive engagement with the larger international community. Over the next decade, though, China's rapid economic growth and the success of the Asian "tiger economies," along with a complex realignment of regional and global international relations reshaped Vietnamese leaders' views. In 1995 Vietnam joined the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), its former adversary, and completed the normalization of relations with the United States. By 2000, Vietnam had "taken the plunge" and opted for greater participation in the global economic system. Vietnam finally joined the World Trade Organization in 2006. Elliott contends that Vietnam's political elite ultimately concluded that if the conservatives who opposed opening up to the outside world had triumphed, Vietnam would have been condemned to a permanent state of underdevelopment. Partial reform starting in the mid-1980s produced some success, but eventually the reformers' argument that Vietnam's economic potential could not be fully exploited in a highly competitive world unless it opted for deep integration into the rapidly globalizing world economy prevailed. Remarkably, deep integration occurred without Vietnam losing its unique political identity. It remains an authoritarian state, but offers far more breathing space to its citizens than in the pre-reform era. Far from being absorbed into a Western-inspired development model, globalization has reinforced Vietnam's distinctive identity rather than eradicating it. The market economy led to a revival of localism and familism which has challenged the capacity of the state to impose its preferences and maintain the wartime narrative of monolithic unity. Although it would be premature to talk of a genuine civil society, today's Vietnam is an increasingly pluralistic community. Drawing from a vast body of Vietnamese language sources, Changing Worlds is the definitive account of how this highly vulnerable Communist state remade itself amidst the challenges of the post-Cold War era.

The Obligation of Empire

United States' Grand Strategy for a New Century

Author: James J. Hentz

Publisher: University Press of Kentucky

ISBN: 0813156637

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 6183

Some of the nation's most respected scholars of international affairs examine the debates over U.S. grand strategy in light of U.S. security policies and interests in tactical regions around the world. The contributors begin by describing the four grand strategies currently competing for dominance of U.S. foreign policy: neo-isolationism argues that the United States should not become involved in conflicts outside specifically defined national interests selective engagement proposes that the United States, despite its position as the world's only remaining superpower, should limit its involvement in foreign affairs cooperative security advocates that the United States is not and should not act as an imperial country primacy asserts that the United States is an empire and therefore it should conduct an expansive foreign policy. Focusing on regions that present new challenges to U.S. grand strategy, such as Sub-Saharan Africa, the Middle East, and Latin America, the contributors offer the most current examinations of U.S. policies and assess the effectiveness of competing strategies in each region. The Obligation of Empire offers an innovative set of foreign policy initiatives that explore the tensions between global agendas and regionalist approaches. Contributors: Andrew J. Bacevich, Doug Bandow, Dale Davis, Thomas Donnelly, James J. Hentz, Clifford Kiracofe, Charles Kupchan, Jeffrey Stark, S. Frederick Starr, and Brantley Womack. James J. Hentz, associate professor of international studies at the Virginia Military Institute, is the coeditor of New and Critical Security and Regionalism: Beyond the Nation State.

Successful Strategies

Triumphing in War and Peace from Antiquity to the Present

Author: Williamson Murray,Richard Hart Sinnreich

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 110706273X

Category: History

Page: 475

View: 9530

Reveals the key factors that have contributed to the development and execution of successful military and political strategies throughout history.

The China-Burma-India Campaign, 1931-1945

Historiography and Annotated Bibliography

Author: Eugene L. Rasor

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780313288722

Category: History

Page: 282

View: 842

Provides an evaluative survey of the literature on the most complex and perhaps most controversial campaign of World War II.

Britain, France and the Naval Arms Trade in the Baltic, 1919 -1939

Grand Strategy and Failure

Author: Donald Stoker

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135774218

Category: History

Page: 256

View: 7293

The strategy of the British and French prior to World War II was to preserve the status quo after the disaster of World War I. Donald Stoker's book examines British and French involvement from 1919 to 1939 in the creation and development of the naval forces of Poland, Finland and the three Baltic states of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania. This is an in-depth scholarly study of a subject that should appeal to students of international history, strategy, international relations and naval history in general.

European Security Policy and Strategic Culture

Author: Peter Schmidt,Benjamin Zyla

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317980328

Category: History

Page: 212

View: 9337

With the Lisbon Treaty in place and the European Union increasingly involved in international crisis management and stabilization operations in places near and far, this volume revisits the trajectory of a European strategic culture. Specifically, it studies the usefulness of its application in a variety of circumstances, including the EU’s operations in Africa and the Balkans as well as joint operations with NATO and the United Nations. The contributors find that strategic culture is a useful tool to explain and understand the EU's civilian and military operations, not in the sense of a ‘cause’, but as a European normative framework of preferences and constraints. Accordingly, classical notions of strategic culture in the field of international security must be adapted to highlight the specific character of Europe's strategic culture, especially by taking the interaction with the United Nations and NATO into account. Though at variance over the extent to which security and defence missions have demonstrated or promoted a shared strategic culture in Europe, the authors reveal a growing sense that a cohesive strategic culture is critical in the EU’s ambition of being a global actor. Should Europe fail to nurture a shared strategic culture, its actions will be based much more on flexibility than on cohesion. This book was published as a special issue of Contemporary Security Policy.

American Force

Dangers, Delusions, and Dilemmas in National Security

Author: Richard K. Betts

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 023152188X

Category: Political Science

Page: 384

View: 4343

While American national security policy has grown more interventionist since the Cold War, Washington has also hoped to shape the world on the cheap. Misled by the stunning success against Iraq in 1991, administrations of both parties have pursued ambitious aims with limited force, committing the country's military frequently yet often hesitantly, with inconsistent justification. These ventures have produced strategic confusion, unplanned entanglements, and indecisive results. This collection of essays by Richard K. Betts, a leading international politics scholar, investigates the use of American force since the end of the Cold War, suggesting guidelines for making it more selective and successful. Betts brings his extensive knowledge of twentieth century American diplomatic and military history to bear on the full range of theory and practice in national security, surveying the Cold War roots of recent initiatives and arguing that U.S. policy has always been more unilateral than liberal theorists claim. He exposes mistakes made by humanitarian interventions and peace operations; reviews the issues raised by terrorism and the use of modern nuclear, biological, and cyber weapons; evaluates the case for preventive war, which almost always proves wrong; weighs the lessons learned from campaigns in Iraq, Afghanistan, and Vietnam; assesses the rise of China and the resurgence of Russia; quells concerns about civil-military relations; exposes anomalies within recent defense budgets; and confronts the practical barriers to effective strategy. Betts ultimately argues for greater caution and restraint, while encouraging more decisive action when force is required, and he recommends a more dispassionate assessment of national security interests, even in the face of global instability and unfamiliar threats.

Understanding Contemporary Strategy

Author: Thomas M. Kane,David J. Lonsdale

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136622802

Category: History

Page: 304

View: 4982

Understanding Contemporary Strategy provides an accessible and comprehensive introduction to the theory and practice of modern strategy. Covering all the main issues in the field, the book explores the major themes through a combination of classical and modern strategic theory, history and current practice. The book is split into three main sections: Definition and Context : including discussion of the human, technological, intelligence, ethical and grand-strategic dimensions Strategy in the Geographic Environments: land, sea, air and space Contemporary Strategic Challenges: terrorism, insurgency and nuclear strategy. Each chapter presents the reader with a succinct summary of the topic, but also provides a challenging analysis of current issues, supporting students with pedagogical features such as suggested further reading, boxed case studies and study questions. This book will be essential reading for upper-level students of strategic studies, war studies, military history and international security.

The Fourth Power

A Grand Strategy for the United States in the Twenty-First Century

Author: Gary Hart

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780195346497

Category: Political Science

Page: 200

View: 7466

Today, even as America asserts itself globally, it lacks a grand strategy to replace "containment of communism." In this short, sharp book, Gary Hart outlines a new grand strategy, one directing America's powers to the achievement of its large purposes. Central to this strategy is the power of American ideals, what Hart calls "the fourth power." Constitutional liberties, representative government, press freedom--these and other democratic principles, attractive to peoples worldwide, constitute a resource that may prove as important to national security and the national interest in this dangerous new century as traditional military, economic and political might. A bracing vision of an America responsive to a full spectrum of global challenges, The Fourth Power calls for a deeper understanding both of the threats we face and the profound strengths at our disposal to fight them.

Israel's Strategic Agenda

Author: Efraim Inbar

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317997344

Category: Political Science

Page: 296

View: 3162

Divided into two clear parts, the first part of this book examines political and economic factors in the global strategic environment including, the approach of US and EU foreign policies towards Israel, global trends in the field of defence industries and the energy sector and their implications for the Middle East and Israel. The second part focuses on Israel’s strategic agenda as reflected in its military force design and doctrine, the dilemmas the country has faced in the course of fighting its wars of attrition, the relations between military and civil sectors in Israel, the struggle against Israel on the part of non-governmental organizations, Israel’s main security challenges and national grand strategy. This book was previously published as a special issue of Israel Affairs.

Grandeur And Misery

France's Bid for Power in Europe, 1914-1940

Author: Anthony Adamthwaite

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 1472578023

Category: History

Page: 296

View: 9034

A central question in European history is how did a great power pre-eminent in 1918 lie defeated by the same enemy less than 20 years later. Until recently the explanation has been sought in fundamental weaknesses that could only leave the French of 1940 hamstrung and demoralized. Recent studies have challenged that view and now, for the first time, the revisionist approach is displayed in a single volume, both summarizing the research of others and drawing on the author's own work in the archives. The book is about as far from 'dry as dust' diplomatic history as it's possible to get. Its very readable and the author manages to show with the telling anecdote that even a serious subject has its comic side: that, for instance, the French High Command kept forces stationed in the Alps for seven years because no one in the foreign service had thought to pass on news about a secret treaty between Italy and France in 1902; or that after a particularly stressful meeting Andrew Bonar Law, the British prime minister, mouth to Poincaré, the French president, through the closed carriage window of his train 'and you go to hell', all the while smiling and exuding affability. Such episodes are not the substance of the book, but they oil its progress.

Military Review

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Military art and science

Page: N.A

View: 9114

Krieg und Ordnung

eine Studie über regionale Kriege und regionale Ordnung am Beispiel des Nahen Ostens

Author: Kai W. Dierke

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783631498002

Category: Middle East

Page: 285

View: 3234

Internationale Politik im Nahen Osten gilt als kaleidoskopisch, erratisch und kaum kalkulierbar. Wie kein zweites regionales Teilsystem der internationalen Staatenwelt ist diese Region durch eine Vielzahl von Konflikten gepragt, die nicht selten die Form zwischenstaatlicher Kriege annehmen. Aufbauend auf einer Bestandsaufnahme der pravalenten Forschung zum Zusammenhang von Krieg und internationaler Ordnung, entfaltet der Autor einen theoretischen Bezugsrahmen zur Analyse regionaler Kriege im Nahen Osten. Zwischenstaatliche Kriege im Nahen Osten, so die zentrale Schlussfolgerung dieser Studie, entstehen im Kontext einer regionalen Ordnung. Der arabisch-israelische Krieg 1967, der irakisch-iranische Krieg 1980-88 und der Golfkrieg 1990/91 waren nicht primar der Ausdruck bereits lange bestehender zwischenstaatlicher Konflikte - sie waren Versuche fuhrender arabischer Staaten, eine regionale Hegemonialordnung zu etablieren."

33 Gesetze der Strategie

Kompaktausgabe

Author: Robert Greene

Publisher: Carl Hanser Verlag GmbH Co KG

ISBN: 3446436421

Category: Political Science

Page: 222

View: 3602

In diesem Buch spannt Robert Greene einen weiten Bogen und stellt uns die Großmeister der Strategie vor, von Sunzi bis Churchill, von Hannibal über Friedrich den Großen bis Napoleon. Von ihren großen Erfolgen, aber auch von ihren Fehlern kann jeder lernen, denn strategisches Denken braucht man überall: in Wirtschaft und Politik, im Beruf wie im Privatleben. Die "33 Gesetze der Strategie" des Bestsellerautors Robert Greene erstmals auf Deutsch: knapp, prägnant, unterhaltsam.