Author: Helen King
View: 6932An introduction to ancient medical systems
Author: Helen King
View: 6932An introduction to ancient medical systems
The Meaning of Gluttony and the Fat Body in the Ancient World
Author: Susan E. Hill
View: 9644This provocative book explores how ancient notions about the fat body and the glutton in western culture both challenge and confirm ideas about what it means to be overweight and gluttonous today. • Contains various illustrations such as photographs of figures and statues from archeological sties and a depiction of a biblical scene of sacrifice • Provides a bibliography of primary and secondary sources after each chapter • Includes a comprehensive index of important topics
Studies in Ancient Medicine and Its Transmission : Presented to Jutta Kollesch
Author: Klaus-Dietrich Fischer,Diethard Nickel,Paul M. J. Potter
View: 4968This collection of thirteen studies by leading experts is devoted to particular problems of the textual transmission of ancient medicine in papyri, manuscripts and printed books, and to select questions relating to the interpretation of these sources and their historical significance.
Author: Jason Konig
Publisher: A&C Black
Category: Literary Criticism
View: 8087In this book Jason Konig offers for the first time an accessible yet comprehensive account of the multi-faceted Greek literature of the Roman Empire, focusing especially on the first three centuries AD. He covers in turn the Greek novels of this period, the satirical writing of Lucian, rhetoric, philosophy, scientific and miscellanistic writing, geography and history, biography and poetry, providing a vivid introduction to key texts, with extensive quotation in translation. The challenges and pleasures these texts offer to their readers have come to be newly appreciated in the classical scholarship of the last two or three decades. In addition there has been renewed interest in the role played by novelistic and rhetorical writing in the Greek culture of the Roman Empire more broadly, and in the many different ways in which these texts respond to the world around them. This volume offers a broad introduction to those exciting developments.
Author: Livia Capponi
Publisher: A&C Black
View: 8766Presents a survey of the most important aspects of life in Egypt under Roman domination, from the conquest by Octavian in 30 BC to the third century AD, as they emerge from the micro-level of the Egyptian papyri and inscriptions, but also from the ancient literary sources, and from the most important archaeological discoveries.
Author: Ian Dawson
Publisher: Enchanted Lion Books
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction
View: 2395Explore ancient Greece and Rome in an entirely new way.
Elegy and Politics in a Time of Revolution
Author: Efrossini Spentzou
Publisher: A&C Black
View: 2982The Roman Poetry of Love explores the formation of a key literary genre in a troubled historical and political setting. The short-lived genre of Latin love elegy produced spectacular, multi-faceted and often difficult poetry. Its proponents Catullus, Tibullus, Propertius and Ovid remain to this day some of the most influential poetic voices of Western civilisation. This accessible introduction combines aesthetic analysis with socio-political context to provide a concise but comprehensive portrait of the Roman elegy, its main participants and its cultural and political milieu. Focusing on a series of specific poems, the title portrays the development of the genre in the context of the Emperor Augustus' ascent to power, following recognizable threads through the texts to build an understanding of the relationship between this poetry and the increasingly totalising regime. Highlighting and examining the intense affectation of love in these poems, The Roman Poetry of Love explores the works not simply as an expression of a troubled male psychology, but also as a reflection of the overwhelming changes that swept through Rome and Italy in the transition from the late Republic to the Augustan Age.
Author: D. Michaelides
Publisher: Oxbow Books
View: 965There are many recoverable aspects and indications concerning medicine and healing in the ancient past Ð from the archaeological evidence of skeletal remains, grave-goods comprising medical and/or surgical equipment and visual representations in tombs and other monuments thorough to epigraphic and literary sources. The 42 papers presented here cover many aspects medicine in the Mediterranean world during Antiquity and early Byzantine times, bringing together both internationally established specialists on the history of medicine and researchers in the early stages of their career. The contributions are grouped under a series of headings: medicine and archaeology; media (online access to electronic corpus); the Aegean; medical authors/schools of medicine; surgery; medicaments and cures; skeletal remains; new research in Cyprus; Asklepios and incubation; and Byzantine, Arab and medieval sources. These subject areas are addressed through a combination of wide ranging archaeological and osteological data and the examination and interpretation of philosophical, literary and historiographical texts to provide a comprehensive suite of studies into early practices in this fundamental field of human experience.
Author: Audrey Cruse
Publisher: Tempus Pub Ltd
View: 3397Until the mid-nineteenth century the Western medical tradition rested firmly on the foundations established in Classical Greece and later transmitted throughout the Roman Empire. Against this long and complex background, which included both religious and magical medicine, Audrey Cruse looks at the many different aspects of medicine and health in the Roman Empire, especially Roman Britain.
Author: A. F. Garvie
Publisher: A&C Black
Category: Literary Criticism
View: 567Aeschylus is the oldest of the three great Greek tragedians. Born probably in 525 or 524 BC, he lived through the end of tyranny at Athens and the restitution of democracy. He took part in the battle of Marathon in 490 and probably also in the battle of Salamis in 480, the subject of his Persians. During his life he made at least two visits to Sicily, and died there at Gela in 456 or 455. Those who wish may believe the late story that he was killed by a tortoise, which an eagle dropped on his bald head, mistaking it for a rock on which to crack the tortoise's shell. This book deals with Aeschylus' six extant plays in the chronological order of their first production: Persians, the earliest Greek tragedy that has come down to us, Seven against Thebes, Suppliants, and the three plays of the Oresteia trilogy: Agamemnon, Libation Bearers and Eumenides. It also contains also an essay on Prometheus Bound, now generally thought not to be by Aeschylus, but accepted as his in antiquity. It is intended primarily as a readable introduction to the dramatist for A-level students of Classical Civilisation and Ancient History, and for the first two years of university courses.It should be of interest also to students of other disciplines and to the non-specialist reader.
Author: Paul du Plessis
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
View: 3189Studying Roman Law is an introductory guide aimed at sixth-formers, students and those with a general interest wishing to obtain a basic overview of Roman private law during the first three centuries of the Common Era. It is not meant to be a replacement for more comprehensive and technical manuals on Roman law, but should rather be seen as introductory reading. Written in non-specialist language, it contains a basic overview of the sources of Roman private law and a guide to their use together with a survey of the main areas of the law using primary sources in translation. It also explains the different contexts in which these rules arose and operated as well as the mechanisms by which they were enforced against the backdrop of one of the most sophisticated and influential legal systems of the ancient world.
Author: Paul J. Carrick
Publisher: Georgetown University Press
View: 1337In this book Paul Carrick charts the ancient Greek and Roman foundations of Western medical ethics. Surveying 1500 years of pre-Christian medical moral history, Carrick applies insights from ancient medical ethics to developments in contemporary medicine such as advance directives, gene therapy, physician-assisted suicide, abortion, and surrogate motherhood. He discusses such timeless issues as the social status of the physician; attitudes toward dying and death; and the relationship of medicine to philosophy, religion, and popular morality. Opinions of a wide range of ancient thinkers are consulted, including physicians, poets, philosophers, and patients. He also explores the puzzling question of Hippocrates' identity, analyzing not only the Hippocratic Oath but also the Father of Medicine's lesser-known works. Complete with chapter discussion questions, illustrations, a map, and appendices of ethical codes, Medical Ethics in the Ancient World will be useful in courses on the medical humanities, ancient philosophy, bioethics, comparative cultures, and the history of medicine. Accessible to both professionals and to those with little background in medical philosophy or ancient science, Carrick's book demonstrates that in the ancient world, as in our own postmodern age, physicians, philosophers, and patients embraced a diverse array of perspectives on the most fundamental questions of life and death.
A Historical Introduction
Author: Gary B. Ferngren
Publisher: JHU Press
View: 2973Medicine and Religion is the first book to comprehensively examine the relationship between medicine and religion in the Western tradition from ancient times to the modern era. Beginning with the earliest attempts to heal the body and account for the meaning of illness in the ancient Near East, historian Gary B. Ferngren describes how the polytheistic religions of ancient Mesopotamia, Egypt, Greece, and Rome and the monotheistic faiths of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam have complemented medicine in the ancient, medieval, and modern periods. Ferngren paints a broad and detailed portrait of how humans throughout the ages have drawn on specific values of diverse religious traditions in caring for the body. Religious perspectives have informed both the treatment of disease and the provision of health care. And, while tensions have sometimes existed, relations between medicine and religion have often been cooperative and mutually beneficial. Religious beliefs provided a framework for explaining disease and suffering that was larger than medicine alone could offer. These beliefs furnished a theological basis for a compassionate care of the sick that led to the creation of the hospital and a long tradition of charitable medicine. Praise for Medicine and Health Care in Early Christianity, by Gary B. Ferngren "This fine work looks forward as well as backward; it invites fuller reflection of the many senses in which medicine and religion intersect and merits wide readership."—JAMA "An important book, for students of Christian theology who understand health and healing to be topics of theological interest, and for health care practitioners who seek a historical perspective on the development of the ethos of their vocation."—Journal of Religion and Health
Author: Jacques Jouanna
View: 5593This volume makes available in English translation a selection of Jacques Jouanna's papers on Greek and Roman medicine, ranging from the early beginnings of Greek medicine to late antiquity.
Author: Akira Iriye,Jürgen Osterhammel,Hans-Joachim Gehrke
View: 5326Von der Altsteinzeit bis zur Spätantike reicht das große Panorama, das im ersten Band der Geschichte der Welt entworfen wird – eine grandiose Darstellung von mehr als 2,7 Millionen Jahren Kultur- und Ereignisgeschichte der Menschheit. Sie reicht von den Anfängen der Menschwerdung über den Beginn des Ackerbaus, das Aufblühen der frühen Hochkulturen bis zur Epoche der griechisch-römischen Welt und dem Ende der Gupta-Zeit in Indien, dem Niedergang der Sui-Dynastie in China und dem Aufkommen des Islam. Dieser Band über ferne Zeiten und alte Kulturen der Menschheit liefert den Schlüssel zum Verständnis auch jüngerer Epochen, wurden sie doch nachhaltig von Kulturen geprägt, die bereits untergegangen waren, lange bevor die Schrift erfunden wurde. Die meisterhafte Beschreibung der frühen Zivilisationen erhellt gleichermaßen das schriftlose Dunkel der Frühgeschichte wie den kulturellen Reichtum des Alten Orients, Ägyptens und der Klassischen Antike, aber auch der indischen und ostasiatischen Staatenwelt. Alle Beiträge sind großzügig mit Karten, Plänen, Abbildungen und Zeittafeln ausgestattet. Mit Beiträgen von Hans-Joachim Gehrke, Mark Edward Lewis (übersetzt von Andreas Wirthensohn), Axel Michaels, Hermann Parzinger und Karen Radner
Author: Tim Duff
Publisher: Bristol Classical Pr
View: 8771This volume traces the development of conceptions of history and its practice from Homer to the writers of the Roman Empire.
Author: Vivian Nutton
View: 8900The first edition of Ancient Medicine was the most complete examination of the medicine of the ancient world for a hundred years. The new edition includes the key discoveries made since the first edition, especially from important texts discovered in recent finds of papyri and manuscripts, making it the most comprehensive and up-to-date survey available. Vivian Nutton pays particular attention to the life and work of doctors in communities, links between medicine and magic, and examines the different approaches to medicine across the ancient world. The new edition includes more on Rufus and Galen as well as augmented information on Babylonia, Hellenistic medicine and Late Antiquity. With recently discovered texts made accessible for the first time, and providing new evidence, this broad exploration challenges currently held perspectives, and proves an invaluable resource for students of both classics and the history of medicine.
Author: John Willoby Roberts
View: 2735Spanning almost one thousand years, from the first Olympic Games in 776 BC to the death of Marcus Aurelius in AD 180, this accessible and wide-ranging reference work draws on the groundbreaking Oxford Classical Dictionary to present more than 2,500 entries on the civilizations of ancient Greece and Rome. The dictionary covers key aspects of ancient Greek and Roman life and literature, such as science, social structure, philosophy, and religion, and contains comprehensive articles on central figures, both real and mythological, from Achilles to Zeno.
Lay Perceptions of Medicine in Pre-industrial Society
Author: Roy Porter
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
View: 5278The essays in this volume provide an unusual historical perspective on the experience of illness: they try to reconstruct what being ill (from a minor ailment to fatal sickness) was like in pre-industrial society from the point of view of the sufferers themselves. The authors examine the meanings that were attached to sickness; popular medical beliefs and practices; the diffusion of popular medical knowledge; and the relations between patients and their doctors (both professional and 'fringe') seen from the patients' point of view. This is an important work, for illness and death dominated life in earlier societies to an enormous degree. Yet almost no studies of this kind have ever been carried out before, practically all previous treatments having been written from the traditional point of view of the doctor, the hospital, or medical science. It will accordingly interest a wide range of readers interested in social history as well as the history of medicine itself.
Author: H.C.Lawson- Tancred
Publisher: Bristol Classical Press
Category: Foreign Language Study
View: 8817The towering figures of Plato and Aristotle tend to overshadow their philosophical and scientific precursors, such as Protagoras and Heraclitus. However, it was these earlier thinkers who created the climate in which they could flourish. Recent scholarhip has emphasized the originality of these pioneers of rationalism, and this book shows how Plato's whole career, and especially his most famous work, should be seen as a response to their dynamic challenge.