Groundwater Arsenic Remediation

Treatment Technology and Scale UP

Author: Parimal Pal

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann

ISBN: 012801377X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 326

View: 3844

Arsenic abatement from groundwater in locations with a central water distribution system is relatively simple. The real challenge is selecting the most effective and affordable treatment and scale up option for locations which lack the appropriate infrastructure. Groundwater Arsenic Remediation: Treatment Technology and Scale UP provides the latest breakthrough groundwater treatment technologies and modeling and simulation methods for project scale up and eventually field deployment in locations which lack the proper central water distribution system to ensure arsenic free groundwater. Covers the different removal methods, such as chemical, adsorption, separation by membranes, and membrane distillation Includes the state-of-the-art modeling & simulation methods for optimization and field deployment Provides economic and comparative analysis of each arsenic treatment technology

Arsenic Contamination of Groundwater

Mechanism, Analysis, and Remediation

Author: Satinder Ahuja

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470369264

Category: Science

Page: 420

View: 1675

Provides a viable reference, describing the state-of-knowledge on sources of arsenic contamination in ground water, which affects about 100 million people worldwide. With contributions from world-renowned experts in the field, this book explores developments in the transport kinetics, detection, measurement, seasonal cycling, accumulation, geochemistry, removal, and toxicology of arsenic. Includes compelling case studies describing how arsenic contamination occurs and the devastating effects on the people and environment affected by it.

Natural Arsenic in Groundwater

Proceedings of the Pre-Congress Workshop "Natural Arsenic in Groundwater", 32nd International Geological Congress, Florence, Italy, 18-19 August 2004

Author: J. Bundschuh,P. Bhattacharya,D. Chandrasekharam

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0415891515

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 356

View: 3171

Arsenic contamination has become a global phenomenon. With the development of advanced technological detection tools, more geographical areas have been identified. The people most affected are those in the poorer socio-economic groups. The research articles in this book have been contributed by scientists working in areas severely affected by these difficulties. The book includes an assessment of environmental health risks and economic impacts, and the technologies available for dealing with the problem. Written in a straightforward style, the book is designed to update knowledge on the dynamics of natural arsenic from the aquifers through groundwater to the food chain. It outlines efficient techniques for arsenic removal and inform administrators, policy makers and company executives, and aims to increase awareness of the problem.

Arsenic in Ground Water

Author: Alan H. Welch,Kenneth G. Stollenwerk

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0306479567

Category: Science

Page: 475

View: 1477

Interest in arsenic in ground water has greatly increased in the past decade because of the increased awareness of human health effects and the costs of avoidance or treatment of ground water supplies used for consumption. The goal of this book is to provide a description of the basic processes that affect arsenic occurrence and transport by providing sufficient background information on arsenic geochemistry and descriptions of hi- arsenic ground water, both affected and unaffected by human activity. An understanding of thermodynamics, adsorption, and the speciation of arsenic in solid phases, which are described in first three chapters, is needed to predict the fate of arsenic in ground water systems. Large-scale and deep movement of ground water can and has redistributed arsenic in the near surface environment, as described in the next two chapters. These large-scale systems can affect large volumes of both ground water and surface water, such as in the Yellowstone system, and can produce mineralised zones that subsequently release arsenic to ground water supplies. Regional identification of high-arsenic ground water and its consumption as described in the next three chapters clearly demonstrates a need for increased wat- quality monitoring, particularly in south and southeast Asia. Chapters 9-11 provide examples of high arsenic ground water associated with sulfide mineral oxidation and alkaline conditions. Finally, smaller scale studies of the effects of human activities that have produced high-arsenic ground water and methods for attenuation of ground water are presented.

Arsenic in Soil and Groundwater Environment

Biogeochemical Interactions, Health Effects and Remediation

Author: Prosun Bhattacharya,Arun B. B. Mukherjee,Jochen Bundschuh,Ron Zevenhoven,Richard H. Loeppert

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080522906

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 684

View: 3547

This volume presents the recent developments in the field of arsenic in soil and groundwater. Arranged into nine sections, the text emphasizes the global occurrences of arsenic in the environment, particularly on its source, pathways, behavior, and effects it has on soils, plants, water, animals, and humans. It also covers the diverse issues of arsenic in the mining environment, arsenic emanating from hydrothermal springs, and the geochemical modeling of arsenic adsorption to oxide surfaces. Finally, the text includes different cost effective removal mechanisms of arsenic from drinking water using natural red earth, solar oxidation, and arsenic oxidation by ferrrate. Written in simple English, and few technical terms, the book is designed to create interest within the countries with occurrences of arsenic in drinking water with · an update the current status of knowledge on the dynamics of natural arsenic from the aquifers through groundwater to food chain and efficient techniques for arsenic removal. · serve as a standard text book for graduate, postgraduate students and researchers in the field of Environmental Sciences and Hydrogeochemistry as well as researchers, environmental scientists and chemists, toxicologists, medical scientists and even for general public seeking an in-depth view of arsenic which had been classed as a carcinogen. · bring awareness, among administrators, policy makers and company executives, on the problem and to improve the international cooperation

In-Situ Remediation of Arsenic-Contaminated Sites

Author: Jochen Bundschuh,Hartmut M. Holländer,Lena Qiying Ma

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0203120175

Category: Nature

Page: 208

View: 5991

Providing an introduction, the scientific background, case studies and future perspectives of in-situ arsenic remediation technologies for soils, soil water and groundwater at geogenic and anthropogenic contaminated sites. The case studies present in-situ technologies about natural arsenic, specifically arsenate and arsenite, but also about organic arsenic compounds. This work covers geochemical, microbiological and plant ecological solutions for arsenic remediation. It will serve as a standard textbook for (post-)graduate students and researchers in the field of Environmental Sciences and Hydrogeochemistry as well as researchers, engineers, environmental scientists and chemists, toxicologists, medical scientists and even for general public seeking an in-depth view of arsenic which had been classed as a carcinogen. This book aims to stimulate awareness among administrators, policy makers and company executives of in-situ remediation technologies at sites contamined by arsenic and to improve the international cooperation on the subject.

Safe and Sustainable Use of Arsenic-Contaminated Aquifers in the Gangetic Plain

A Multidisciplinary Approach

Author: AL. Ramanathan,Scott Johnston,Abhijit Mukherjee,Bibhash Nath

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319161245

Category: Science

Page: 302

View: 5706

This book offers a meaningful and practicable guide to better management of arsenic problems in the groundwater of the Gangetic Plain. It gathers contributions from distinguished researchers who have been actively working in the area for over a decade. The arsenic contamination of groundwater is a growing concern in the central Gangetic Plain, where the local population’s main sources of fresh water are surface water, groundwater and rain water; of these sources, only the last two generally meet the most important criteria for drinking water in their natural state. Natural geological changes are presumed to be the primary reason for arsenic contamination in this region. Further, most of the people living in this area have developed the habit of drinking water (groundwater) from the arsenic-contaminated tubewells in many parts of the region. As a result, many are suffering from arsenicosis and many more are at risk. Since the cause of arsenic contamination in groundwater still remains unclear, this book seeks to address the arsenic issue in this region by pursuing a holistic and systematic scientific approach. Accordingly, it delineates various sources, processes, hypotheses and remedial approaches that are needed to manage the arsenic contamination in the Central Gangetic Plain.

Understanding the Geological and Medical Interface of Arsenic - As 2012

Proceedings of the 4th International Congress on Arsenic in the Environment, 22-27 July 2012, Cairns, Australia

Author: Jack C. Ng,Barry N. Noller,Ravi Naidu,Jochen Bundschuh,Prosun Bhattacharya

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0203078802

Category: Science

Page: 616

View: 6571

The congress "Arsenic in the Environment" offers an international, multi- and interdisciplinary discussion platform for arsenic research aimed at practical solutions of problems with considerable social impact, as well as focusing on cutting edge and breakthrough research in physical, chemical, toxicological, medical and other specific issues on arsenic on a broader environmental realm. The congress "Arsenic in the Environment" was first organized in Mexico City (As 2006) followed by As 2008 in Valencia, Spain and As 2010 in Tainan, Taiwan. The 4th International Congress As 2012 was held in Cairns, Australia from July 22-27, 2012 entitled Understanding the Geological and Medical Interface of Arsenic. The session topics comprised: 1. Geology and hydrogeology of arsenic; 2. Medical and health issues of arsenic; 3. Remediation and policy; 4. Analytical methods for arsenic; and 5. Special topics on "Risk assessment of arsenic from mining", "Geomicrobiology of arsenic", "Geothermal arsenic", "Rice arsenic and health perspectives", "Sustainable mitigation of arsenic: from field trials to policy implications", and "Biogeochemical processes of high arsenic groundwater in inland basins" Hosting this congress in Australia was welcome and valued by the local scientific communities. Australia is a mineral rich country where mining has generated significant economic benefit to its people. Unfortunately historical mining for base metals, gold and arsenic had led to environmental contamination of arsenic. Locally produced arsenical compounds were widely used as pesticides and in timber preservation. It is known that there are several thousands of cattle- and sheep-dip sites contaminated with arsenic in Australia. However, commonly observed symptoms of chronic arsenic poisonings such as those found in endemic-blackfoot areas are seemingly absent from these types of environmental contamination due to good quality of potable water supply. Does this fall in the classic argument of "the dose makes the poison"? This congress theme of "understanding the geological and medical interface of arsenic" will advance our knowledge in minimising the risk posted by this so-called number one prioritised contaminant – arsenic.

Advances in Arsenic Research

Integration of Experimental and Observational Studies and Implications for Mitigation

Author: Peggy A. O'Day

Publisher: Amer Chemical Society

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 433

View: 423

The realization during the last decade that many water supplies worldwide are affected by arsenic at concentrations above acceptable health levels has motivated research directed at understanding the occurrence, distribution, and mobilization of arsenic in the environment, and stimulated the development of new, cost-effective treatment technologies. Arsenic accumulation and migration is closely tied to its chemical speciation, which is often controlled by a complex combination of abiotic and biotic processes coupled with physical transport. This symposium volume focuses on bridging the gap between different approaches and scales of investigation and on fostering a more unified understanding of arsenic occurrence and behavior, including geological, geochemical, hydrological, microbiological, ecological, and engineering aspects of arsenic-related research. Papers in this volume highlight a variety of new research directed at understanding the sources, distribution, and mobilization of arsenic in the environment. It includes recent efforts in the development of cost-effective treatment technologies and in approaches to natural attenuation and accelerated remediation methods. These topics are thematically organized into three sections in the volume, the first focusing on laboratory studies and theoretical modeling, the second on arsenic behavior and cycling in a range of field settings, and the third on studies associated with treatment and remediation technologies and methods. This book is targeted at scientists and engineers (chemists, geochemists, geologists, hydrogeologists, microbiologists, molecular biologists, chemical engineers, environmental engineers) as well as graduate students who are engaged in research on arsenic in both natural and engineered aqueous systems, and on the development of methods for arsenic treatment and removal.

Arsenic Removal from Contaminated Groundwater

Author: Sirshendu De,Abhijit Maiti

Publisher: The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI)

ISBN: 8179933830

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 304

View: 8952

Contamination of groundwater with arsenic is being considered a pervasive and critical issue in recent years. Large areas in India, Bangladesh, South East Asia, and other parts of the world are suffering from this problem. Arsenic Removal from Contaminated Groundwater presents a comprehensive discussion on various important issues, including state-of-the-art arsenic removal technologies, preparation and performance analysis of laterite, and scale-up issues and design of a household filter. It also expounds the potentiality of raw laterite and treated laterite as low-cost arsenic adsorbents. The efficiency of adsorbent capacity is evaluated using real arsenic contaminated groundwater collected from an affected area in West Bengal, India. The topic is an emerging area and most of the work presented has the potential of field application.

Arsenic in Geosphere and Human Diseases; Arsenic 2010

Proceedings of the Third International Congress on Arsenic in the Environment (As-2010)

Author: Jiin-Shuh Jean,Jochen Bundschuh,Prosun Bhattacharya

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0203845315

Category: Science

Page: 652

View: 7482

The congress "Arsenic in the Environment" offers an international, multi- and interdisciplinary discussion platform for arsenic research aimed at short-term solutions of problems with considerable social impact, rather than only focusing on cutting edge and breakthrough research in physical, chemical, toxicological, medical and other specific issues on arsenic on a broader environmental realm. The congress "Arsenic in the Environment" was first organized in Mexico City (As 2006 ) followed by As 2008 in Valencia, Spain. The Third International Congress As 2010 was held in Tainan, Taiwan from May 17-21, 2010 entitled: "Arsenic in Geosphere and Human Diseases". The session topics comprised: 1. Geology + hydrogeology of arsenic; 2. Ecological effects: Arsenic in soils, plants and food chain; 3. Marine + terrestrial biota; 4. Health effects on humans: Epidemiology + biomarkers; 5. Toxicological effects; 6. Assessment and remediation; 7. Analytical methods. Hosting this congress in Taiwan was especially relevant, because the endemic Blackfoot Disease, related to the arsenic uptake from drinking water supplied by artesian wells, was discovered here half a century ago. Since then Taiwan has become an important region specializing in arsenic research. This volume presents the extended abstracts of the congress and will give the latest state of the art knowledge based on current research performed by the global scientific community.

Groundwater Quality

Natural and Enhanced Restoration of Groundwater Pollution : Selected and Reviewed Papers Presented at the Groundwater Quality 2001 Conference Held in Sheffield, UK, from 18 to 21 June 2001

Author: Steven F. Thornton,Sascha E. Oswald

Publisher: International Assn of Hydrological Sciences

ISBN: 9781901502862

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 604

View: 9878

Natural Arsenic in Groundwaters of Latin America

Author: Jochen Bundschuh,M. A. Armienta,Peter Birkle,Prosun Bhattacharya,Jörg Matschullat,A. B. Mukherjee

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0415407710

Category: Science

Page: 782

View: 6597

Groundwater resources naturally contain high levels of arsenic in many parts of the world. Over the last two decades, the As-containing groundwater in South-East Asia has received much attention, but the situation is just as crucial in Latin America, where the number of studies is still relatively low, and the extent and severity of As-exposure in the populations has yet to be fully evaluated. This book aims to promote knowledge of the occurrence and genesis of As-rich groundwater in Latin America. It deals with constraints on the mobility of As in groundwater, As-uptake from soil and water by plants, As-propagation through the food chain, human health impacts, and As-removal technologies. Case studies are presented from Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Ecuador, El Salvador, Mexico, Nicaragua and Peru, amongst others, and are viewed against the background of experience from other world regions. The book is a state-of-art overview of arsenic research in Latin America. It aims to create interest within the Latin American countries affected by the presence of arseniferous aquifers and to increase awareness among administrators, policy makers and company executives. It will also serve to inform the international scientific community, and improve international cooperation on arsenic in groundwater.

Aquatic Arsenic Toxicity and Treatment

Author: Tom Murphy,Jay Guo

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Arsenic

Page: 165

View: 6586

This book presents an introduction to arsenic toxicity and its management.

Groundwater for Sustainable Development

Problems, Perspectives and Challenges

Author: Prosun Bhattacharya,AL Ramanathan,Arun B. Mukherjee,Jochen Bundschuh,D. Chandrasekharam,A.K. Keshari

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780203894569

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 484

View: 4810

Groundwater is the most important source of domestic, industrial, and agricultural water and also a finite resource. Population growth has created an unprecedented demand for water, with the situation most critical in the developing world, where several million people depend on contaminated groundwater for drinking purposes. Geogenic contaminants, such as arsenic and fluoride at toxic levels, pose major environmental risks and endanger public health. This book is a collection of papers providing a multi-disciplinary overview for scientists and professionals involved in the sustainable development of groundwater resources.

One Century of the Discovery of Arsenicosis in Latin America (1914-2014) As2014

Proceedings of the 5th International Congress on Arsenic in the Environment, May 11-16, 2014, Buenos Aires, Argentina

Author: Marta I. Litter,Hugo B. Nicolli,Martin Meichtry,Natalia Quici,Jochen Bundschuh,Prosun Bhattacharya,Ravi Naidu

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1315778882

Category: Science

Page: 990

View: 7896

The Congress "Arsenic in the Environment" offers an international, multi- and interdisciplinary discussion platform for research aimed towards a holistic solution to the problem posed by the environmental toxin arsenic, with considerable societal impact. The congress has focused on cutting edge and breakthrough research in physical, chemical, toxicological, medical, agricultural and other specific issues on arsenic across a broader environmental realm. The Congress “Arsenic in the Environment” was first organized in Mexico City (As2006) followed by As2008 in Valencia, Spain, As2010 in Tainan, Taiwan and As2012 in Cairns, Australia. The 5th International Congress As2014 was held May 11-16, 2014 in Buenos Aires, Argentina and entitled One Century of the Discovery of Arsenicosis in Latin America (1914-2014). The session topics comprised: Theme 1: Arsenic in environmental matrices (air, water and soil) Theme 2: Arsenic in food Theme 3: Arsenic and health Theme 4: Removal technologies Theme 5: Mitigation management and policy Hosting this Congress in Argentina was especially relevant because 2014, marks 100 years since the discovery of the disease Hidroarsenicismo Crónico Regional Endémico (HACRE) or arsenicosis by Dr. Goyenechea and Dr. Ayerza in the city of Bell Ville, Province of Córdoba, Argentina. Dr. Ayerza was the first person to relate skin disorders to the consumption of groundwater with high concentrations of arsenic. It is estimated that more than 14 million people in Latin America are at risk, of whom nearly 4 million are exposed to drinking water with high arsenic concentration in Argentina, and further in Chile, El Salvador, Mexico, Nicaragua and Peru. A vast area of the Chaco-Pampean Plain in Argentina, mostly in the semi-arid regions, is affected not only by arsenic exposure from drinking water but also through other exposure pathways, e.g. through food and other dietary intake. The Congress has gathered professionals involved in different segments of interdisciplinary research in an open forum, and strengthens relations between academia, industry, research laboratories, government agencies and the private sector to share an optimal atmosphere for exchange of knowledge, discoveries and discussions about the problem of arsenic in the environment.

Best Practice Guide on the Control of Arsenic in Drinking Water

Author: Prosun Bhattacharya,David Polya,Dragana Jovanovic

Publisher: IWA Publishing

ISBN: 1843393859

Category: Science

Page: 300

View: 3427

Arsenic in drinking water derived from groundwater is arguably the biggest environmental chemical human health risk known at the present time, with well over 100,000,000 people around the world being exposed. Monitoring the hazard, assessing exposure and health risks and implementing effective remediation are therefore key tasks for organisations and individuals with responsibilities related to the supply of safe, clean drinking water. Best Practice Guide on the Control of Arsenic in Drinking Water, covering aspects of hazard distribution, exposure, health impacts, biomonitoring and remediation, including social and economic issues, is therefore a very timely contribution to disseminating useful knowledge in this area. The volume contains 10 short reviews of key aspects of this issue, supplemented by a further 14 case studies, each of which focusses on a particular area or technological or other practice, and written by leading experts in the field. Detailed selective reference lists provide pointers to more detailed guidance on relevant practice. The volume includes coverage of (i) arsenic hazard in groundwater and exposure routes to humans, including case studies in USA, SE Asia and UK; (ii) health impacts arising from exposure to arsenic in drinking water and biomonitoring approaches; (iii) developments in the nature of regulation of arsenic in drinking water; (iv) sampling and monitoring of arsenic, including novel methodologies; (v) approaches to remediation, particularly in the context of water safety planning, and including case studies from the USA, Italy, Poland and Bangladesh; and (vi) socio-economic aspects of remediation, including non-market valuation methods and local community engagement.