Groundwater Arsenic Remediation

Treatment Technology and Scale UP

Author: Parimal Pal

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann

ISBN: 012801377X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 326

View: 9066

Arsenic abatement from groundwater in locations with a central water distribution system is relatively simple. The real challenge is selecting the most effective and affordable treatment and scale up option for locations which lack the appropriate infrastructure. Groundwater Arsenic Remediation: Treatment Technology and Scale UP provides the latest breakthrough groundwater treatment technologies and modeling and simulation methods for project scale up and eventually field deployment in locations which lack the proper central water distribution system to ensure arsenic free groundwater. Covers the different removal methods, such as chemical, adsorption, separation by membranes, and membrane distillation Includes the state-of-the-art modeling & simulation methods for optimization and field deployment Provides economic and comparative analysis of each arsenic treatment technology

Arsenic Contamination of Groundwater

Mechanism, Analysis, and Remediation

Author: Satinder Ahuja

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470369264

Category: Science

Page: 420

View: 9136

Provides a viable reference, describing the state-of-knowledge on sources of arsenic contamination in ground water, which affects about 100 million people worldwide. With contributions from world-renowned experts in the field, this book explores developments in the transport kinetics, detection, measurement, seasonal cycling, accumulation, geochemistry, removal, and toxicology of arsenic. Includes compelling case studies describing how arsenic contamination occurs and the devastating effects on the people and environment affected by it.

Arsenic in Soil and Groundwater Environment

Biogeochemical Interactions, Health Effects and Remediation

Author: Prosun Bhattacharya,Arun B. B. Mukherjee,Jochen Bundschuh,Ron Zevenhoven,Richard H. Loeppert

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080522906

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 684

View: 9732

This volume presents the recent developments in the field of arsenic in soil and groundwater. Arranged into nine sections, the text emphasizes the global occurrences of arsenic in the environment, particularly on its source, pathways, behavior, and effects it has on soils, plants, water, animals, and humans. It also covers the diverse issues of arsenic in the mining environment, arsenic emanating from hydrothermal springs, and the geochemical modeling of arsenic adsorption to oxide surfaces. Finally, the text includes different cost effective removal mechanisms of arsenic from drinking water using natural red earth, solar oxidation, and arsenic oxidation by ferrrate. Written in simple English, and few technical terms, the book is designed to create interest within the countries with occurrences of arsenic in drinking water with · an update the current status of knowledge on the dynamics of natural arsenic from the aquifers through groundwater to food chain and efficient techniques for arsenic removal. · serve as a standard text book for graduate, postgraduate students and researchers in the field of Environmental Sciences and Hydrogeochemistry as well as researchers, environmental scientists and chemists, toxicologists, medical scientists and even for general public seeking an in-depth view of arsenic which had been classed as a carcinogen. · bring awareness, among administrators, policy makers and company executives, on the problem and to improve the international cooperation

Natural Arsenic in Groundwater

Proceedings of the Pre-Congress Workshop "Natural Arsenic in Groundwater", 32nd International Geological Congress, Florence, Italy, 18-19 August 2004

Author: J. Bundschuh,P. Bhattacharya,D. Chandrasekharam

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0415891515

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 356

View: 7813

Arsenic contamination has become a global phenomenon. With the development of advanced technological detection tools, more geographical areas have been identified. The people most affected are those in the poorer socio-economic groups. The research articles in this book have been contributed by scientists working in areas severely affected by these difficulties. The book includes an assessment of environmental health risks and economic impacts, and the technologies available for dealing with the problem. Written in a straightforward style, the book is designed to update knowledge on the dynamics of natural arsenic from the aquifers through groundwater to the food chain. It outlines efficient techniques for arsenic removal and inform administrators, policy makers and company executives, and aims to increase awareness of the problem.

In-Situ Remediation of Arsenic-Contaminated Sites

Author: Jochen Bundschuh,Hartmut M. Holländer,Lena Qiying Ma

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0203120175

Category: Nature

Page: 208

View: 2274

Providing an introduction, the scientific background, case studies and future perspectives of in-situ arsenic remediation technologies for soils, soil water and groundwater at geogenic and anthropogenic contaminated sites. The case studies present in-situ technologies about natural arsenic, specifically arsenate and arsenite, but also about organic arsenic compounds. This work covers geochemical, microbiological and plant ecological solutions for arsenic remediation. It will serve as a standard textbook for (post-)graduate students and researchers in the field of Environmental Sciences and Hydrogeochemistry as well as researchers, engineers, environmental scientists and chemists, toxicologists, medical scientists and even for general public seeking an in-depth view of arsenic which had been classed as a carcinogen. This book aims to stimulate awareness among administrators, policy makers and company executives of in-situ remediation technologies at sites contamined by arsenic and to improve the international cooperation on the subject.

Arsenic in Ground Water

Author: Alan H. Welch,Kenneth G. Stollenwerk

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0306479567

Category: Science

Page: 475

View: 5235

Interest in arsenic in ground water has greatly increased in the past decade because of the increased awareness of human health effects and the costs of avoidance or treatment of ground water supplies used for consumption. The goal of this book is to provide a description of the basic processes that affect arsenic occurrence and transport by providing sufficient background information on arsenic geochemistry and descriptions of hi- arsenic ground water, both affected and unaffected by human activity. An understanding of thermodynamics, adsorption, and the speciation of arsenic in solid phases, which are described in first three chapters, is needed to predict the fate of arsenic in ground water systems. Large-scale and deep movement of ground water can and has redistributed arsenic in the near surface environment, as described in the next two chapters. These large-scale systems can affect large volumes of both ground water and surface water, such as in the Yellowstone system, and can produce mineralised zones that subsequently release arsenic to ground water supplies. Regional identification of high-arsenic ground water and its consumption as described in the next three chapters clearly demonstrates a need for increased wat- quality monitoring, particularly in south and southeast Asia. Chapters 9-11 provide examples of high arsenic ground water associated with sulfide mineral oxidation and alkaline conditions. Finally, smaller scale studies of the effects of human activities that have produced high-arsenic ground water and methods for attenuation of ground water are presented.

Natural Arsenic in Groundwaters of Latin America

Author: Jochen Bundschuh,M. A. Armienta,Peter Birkle,Prosun Bhattacharya,Jörg Matschullat,A. B. Mukherjee

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0415407710

Category: Science

Page: 782

View: 2962

Groundwater resources naturally contain high levels of arsenic in many parts of the world. Over the last two decades, the As-containing groundwater in South-East Asia has received much attention, but the situation is just as crucial in Latin America, where the number of studies is still relatively low, and the extent and severity of As-exposure in the populations has yet to be fully evaluated. This book aims to promote knowledge of the occurrence and genesis of As-rich groundwater in Latin America. It deals with constraints on the mobility of As in groundwater, As-uptake from soil and water by plants, As-propagation through the food chain, human health impacts, and As-removal technologies. Case studies are presented from Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Ecuador, El Salvador, Mexico, Nicaragua and Peru, amongst others, and are viewed against the background of experience from other world regions. The book is a state-of-art overview of arsenic research in Latin America. It aims to create interest within the Latin American countries affected by the presence of arseniferous aquifers and to increase awareness among administrators, policy makers and company executives. It will also serve to inform the international scientific community, and improve international cooperation on arsenic in groundwater.

Groundwater Geochemistry

Fundamentals and Applications to Contamination

Author: William J. Deutsch,Randy Siegel

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780873713085

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 232

View: 2719

Groundwater Geochemistry: Fundamentals and Applications to Contamination examines the integral role geochemistry play s in groundwater monitoring and remediation programs, and presents it at a level understandable to a wide audience. Readers of all backgrounds can gain a better understanding of geochemical processes and how they apply to groundwater systems. The text begins with an explanation of fundamental geochemical processes, followed by a description of the methods and tools used to understand and simulate them. The book then explains how geochemistry applies to contaminant mobility, discusses remediation system design, sampling program development, and the modeling of geochemical interactions. This clearly written guide concludes with specific applications of geochemistry to contaminated sites. This is an ideal choice for readers who do not have an extensive technical background in aqueous chemistry, geochemistry, or geochemical modeling. The only prerequisite is a desire to better understand natural processes through groundwater geochemistry.

Handbook of Groundwater Remediation using Permeable Reactive Barriers

Applications to Radionuclides, Trace Metals, and Nutrients

Author: David Naftz,Stan J. Morrison,Christopher C. Fuller,James A. Davis

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0080533051

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 544

View: 3651

Over the last century and a half, groundwaters have become contaminated by a growing number of organic and inorganic substances ranging from petroleum-derived hydrocarbons to radioactive compounds, to cancer-causing hexavalent chromium. The importance of uncontaminated groundwater for agriculture, human consumption, and the environmental health of ecosystems is paramount to the health and productivity of industrial society. Water scientists and managers are focused on developing cost-effective methods to reverse this trend. Several methodologies have been developed, however few are as cost-effective as the use of readily available materials, such as iron and organic compost, for absorbing and isolating contaminants within the matrix of a permeable barrier. The Handbook of Groundwater Remediation using Permeable Reactive Barriers presents readers with this latest technology and developments within four main sections: 1. Innovations in Design, Construction, and Evaluation of PRBs 2. Development of Reactive Materials 3. Evaluations of Chemical and Biological Processes 4. Case Studies of Permeable Reactive Barrier Installations The Handbook is one of the first references specifically on this topic. It is an excellent fit for graduate students entering this emerging field as well as professionals conducting research or implementing this technology.

Groundwater Treatment Technology

Author: Evan K. Nyer

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471284147

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 306

View: 2855

Groundwater treatment is unique. Removing the sources of contamination, as we did when we cleaned a river or lake, is only the first step. A groundwater remediation must include cleaning of the body of water itself, the aquifer. The revised and updated edition of Groundwater Treatment Technology provides a complete review of the technologies developed over the past 10 years for groundwater treatment. It also explains the design techniques that are required to apply those technologies successfully in a groundwater cleanup. Featured areas of coverage include: * Specific design methods for the various technologies that are merely described in other publications * Physical/chemical and treatability properties of 30 organic compounds that are most often encountered in groundwater situations * Detailed strategies for remediation * New biological treatment methods * Specific data on treatment methods as applied in the field * Practical suggestions on applications of technologies for groundwater treatment Drawing on his experience as a designer of over 100 groundwater treatment systems, Evan K. Nyer starts by showing how to develop the data necessary to define what type of treatment is necessary. He then explains how groundwater treatment is unique. Nyer follows with expert accounts of specific treatment technologies. Physical/chemical organic methods such as air stripping, carbon adsorption, and pure compound removal are explored in detail. In addition, new techniques including UV Oxidation and other emerging technologies are explained and directly related to groundwater design situations. An entire chapter is devoted to biological methods, one of the most promising areas for organic groundwater treatment. There is also comprehensive coverage of inorganic methods, that addresses everything from precipitation to solids/liquid separation and advanced ion removal methods. This definitive sourcebook also contains helpful cost factor analyses, plus representative case histories showing how the techniques of groundwater treatment have been applied in the field. Wide-ranging, authoritative, and completely updated, the Second Edition of Groundwater Treatment Technology is essential reading for wastewater engineers, industrial managers, hydrologists, soil experts, government officials, and environmental lawyers who want to keep abreast of the latest developments in this important field.

In-Situ Remediation of Arsenic-Contaminated Sites

Author: Jochen Bundschuh,Hartmut M. Holländer,Lena Qiying Ma

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0203120175

Category: Nature

Page: 208

View: 9603

Providing an introduction, the scientific background, case studies and future perspectives of in-situ arsenic remediation technologies for soils, soil water and groundwater at geogenic and anthropogenic contaminated sites. The case studies present in-situ technologies about natural arsenic, specifically arsenate and arsenite, but also about organic arsenic compounds. This work covers geochemical, microbiological and plant ecological solutions for arsenic remediation. It will serve as a standard textbook for (post-)graduate students and researchers in the field of Environmental Sciences and Hydrogeochemistry as well as researchers, engineers, environmental scientists and chemists, toxicologists, medical scientists and even for general public seeking an in-depth view of arsenic which had been classed as a carcinogen. This book aims to stimulate awareness among administrators, policy makers and company executives of in-situ remediation technologies at sites contamined by arsenic and to improve the international cooperation on the subject.

Arsenic Removal from Contaminated Groundwater

Author: Sirshendu De,Abhijit Maiti

Publisher: The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI)

ISBN: 8179933830

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 304

View: 6295

Contamination of groundwater with arsenic is being considered a pervasive and critical issue in recent years. Large areas in India, Bangladesh, South East Asia, and other parts of the world are suffering from this problem. Arsenic Removal from Contaminated Groundwater presents a comprehensive discussion on various important issues, including state-of-the-art arsenic removal technologies, preparation and performance analysis of laterite, and scale-up issues and design of a household filter. It also expounds the potentiality of raw laterite and treated laterite as low-cost arsenic adsorbents. The efficiency of adsorbent capacity is evaluated using real arsenic contaminated groundwater collected from an affected area in West Bengal, India. The topic is an emerging area and most of the work presented has the potential of field application.

Managing Arsenic in the Environment

From Soil to Human Health

Author: Ravi Naidu,Euan Smith,Gary Owens,Prosun Bhattacharya

Publisher: CSIRO PUBLISHING

ISBN: 0643099239

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 656

View: 6387

Arsenic is one of the most toxic and carcinogenic elements in the environment. This book brings together the current knowledge on arsenic contamination worldwide, reviewing the field, highlighting common themes and pointing to key areas needing future research. Contributions discuss methods for accurate identification and quantification of individual arsenic species in a range of environmental and biological matrices and give an overview of the environmental chemistry of arsenic. Next, chapters deal with the dynamics of arsenic in groundwater and aspects of arsenic in soils and plants, including plant uptake studies, effects on crop quality and yield, and the corresponding food chain and human health issues associated with these exposure pathways. These concerns are coupled with the challenge to develop efficient, cost effective risk management and remediation strategies: recent technological advances are described and assessed, including the use of adsorbants, photo-oxidation, bioremediation and electrokinetic remediation. The book concludes with eleven detailed regional perspectives of the extent and severity of arsenic contamination from around the world. It will be invaluable for arsenic researchers as well as environmental scientists and environmental chemists, toxicologists, medical scientists, and statutory authorities seeking an in-depth view of the issues surrounding this toxin.

Best Practice Guide on the Control of Arsenic in Drinking Water

Author: Prosun Bhattacharya,David Polya,Dragana Jovanovic

Publisher: IWA Publishing

ISBN: 1843393859

Category: Science

Page: 300

View: 4384

Arsenic in drinking water derived from groundwater is arguably the biggest environmental chemical human health risk known at the present time, with well over 100,000,000 people around the world being exposed. Monitoring the hazard, assessing exposure and health risks and implementing effective remediation are therefore key tasks for organisations and individuals with responsibilities related to the supply of safe, clean drinking water. Best Practice Guide on the Control of Arsenic in Drinking Water, covering aspects of hazard distribution, exposure, health impacts, biomonitoring and remediation, including social and economic issues, is therefore a very timely contribution to disseminating useful knowledge in this area. The volume contains 10 short reviews of key aspects of this issue, supplemented by a further 14 case studies, each of which focusses on a particular area or technological or other practice, and written by leading experts in the field. Detailed selective reference lists provide pointers to more detailed guidance on relevant practice. The volume includes coverage of (i) arsenic hazard in groundwater and exposure routes to humans, including case studies in USA, SE Asia and UK; (ii) health impacts arising from exposure to arsenic in drinking water and biomonitoring approaches; (iii) developments in the nature of regulation of arsenic in drinking water; (iv) sampling and monitoring of arsenic, including novel methodologies; (v) approaches to remediation, particularly in the context of water safety planning, and including case studies from the USA, Italy, Poland and Bangladesh; and (vi) socio-economic aspects of remediation, including non-market valuation methods and local community engagement.

Arsenic in Geosphere and Human Diseases; Arsenic 2010

Proceedings of the Third International Congress on Arsenic in the Environment (As-2010)

Author: Jiin-Shuh Jean,Jochen Bundschuh,Prosun Bhattacharya

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0203845315

Category: Science

Page: 652

View: 3924

The congress "Arsenic in the Environment" offers an international, multi- and interdisciplinary discussion platform for arsenic research aimed at short-term solutions of problems with considerable social impact, rather than only focusing on cutting edge and breakthrough research in physical, chemical, toxicological, medical and other specific issues on arsenic on a broader environmental realm. The congress "Arsenic in the Environment" was first organized in Mexico City (As 2006 ) followed by As 2008 in Valencia, Spain. The Third International Congress As 2010 was held in Tainan, Taiwan from May 17-21, 2010 entitled: "Arsenic in Geosphere and Human Diseases". The session topics comprised: 1. Geology + hydrogeology of arsenic; 2. Ecological effects: Arsenic in soils, plants and food chain; 3. Marine + terrestrial biota; 4. Health effects on humans: Epidemiology + biomarkers; 5. Toxicological effects; 6. Assessment and remediation; 7. Analytical methods. Hosting this congress in Taiwan was especially relevant, because the endemic Blackfoot Disease, related to the arsenic uptake from drinking water supplied by artesian wells, was discovered here half a century ago. Since then Taiwan has become an important region specializing in arsenic research. This volume presents the extended abstracts of the congress and will give the latest state of the art knowledge based on current research performed by the global scientific community.

Arsenic Exposure and Health Effects V

Author: W.R. Chappell,C.O. Abernathy,R.L. Calderon,D.J. Thomas

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080527566

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 554

View: 8077

The authoritative articles in this book represent the state-of-the-art in arsenic research. Arsenic experts from around the world - participants in the Fifth International Conference on Arsenic Exposure and Health Effects organized by the Society for Environmental Geochemistry and Health in 2002 - present their critical findings. The authors share their latest arsenic research findings in Occurrence, Epidemiology, Biomarkers and Animal Models, Mode of Action, Mode of Action, Risk Estimation, Intervention and Medical Treatment, and Water Treatment and Remediation. As in past conferences, the first report of elevated arsenic exposures in a new country was given. The Conference introduced the finding of arsenic contamination in Nepal and updates of the arsenic problems in Bangladesh, India, Vietnam are included. A vital contribution to arsenic study and policy making, this volume examines the global impact of the toxin and discusses arsenic in the environment, mechanisms of arsenic metabolism and carcinogenesis, water treatment technology, and medical care. Arsenic Exposure and Health Effects V offers informed, challenging insights into a highly important and controversial topic.

Groundwater Quality

Natural and Enhanced Restoration of Groundwater Pollution : Selected and Reviewed Papers Presented at the Groundwater Quality 2001 Conference Held in Sheffield, UK, from 18 to 21 June 2001

Author: Steven F. Thornton,Sascha E. Oswald

Publisher: International Assn of Hydrological Sciences

ISBN: 9781901502862

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 604

View: 2106