Guide to Applying Human Factors Methods

Human Error and Accident Management in Safety-Critical Systems

Author: Pietro C. Cacciabue

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1447138120

Category: Computers

Page: 347

View: 9219

Human error plays a significant role in many accidents involving safety-critical systems, and it is now a standard requirement in both the US and Europe for Human Factors (HF) to be taken into account in system design and safety assessment. This book will be an essential guide for anyone who uses HF in their everyday work, providing them with consistent and ready-to-use procedures and methods that can be applied to real-life problems. The first part of the book looks at the theoretical framework, methods and techniques that the engineer or safety analyst needs to use when working on a HF-related project. The second part presents four case studies that show the reader how the above framework and guidelines work in practice. The case studies are based on real-life projects carried out by the author for a major European railway system, and in collaboration with international companies such as the International Civil Aviation Organisation, Volvo, Daimler-Chrysler and FIAT.

Rail Human Factors

Supporting the Integrated Railway

Author: Ann Mills

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351552406

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 576

View: 8176

In recent years, for reasons connected to the organization of the industry, technical developments, and major safety concerns, rail human factors has grown in importance at an international level. Despite its importance, however, supporting literature has been largely restricted to specialist journal publications and technical reports. Rail Human Factors addresses this imbalance by providing the first fully comprehensive overview of the area. The volume includes contributions from leading ergonomists, psychologists, sociologists, management scientists and engineers whose common theme is to investigate, understand and design for people on the railways, including staff, passengers and the general public. Every area of ergonomics/human factors is covered: physical design of work and equipment in maintenance; cognitive ergonomics in driving, signalling and control; organizational and social ergonomics in the way teams are formed, plans are made and organizations are structured and run. Topics covered include: ? Systems views of rail human factors ? Driver models and performance ? Train and cab design ? Network and train control systems, including ERTMS ? Signals and signal ? SPADS ? Signalling and control center design ? Signaller performance ? Control center interfaces ? Workload, situation awareness, team working ? Human error and reliability ? Timetabling and planning ? Maintenance planning and work ? Safety climate and safety culture ? Passenger comfort and behaviour ? Station design ? Public information systems ? Level crossings ? Trespass and vandalism ? Ergonomics standards and guidelines ? Human Factors integration The book is the definitive guide for all those concerned with making railways safer, more

Human Factors Methods and Sports Science

A Practical Guide

Author: Paul Salmon,Neville Anthony Stanton,Adam Gibbon,Daniel Jenkins,Guy H. Walker

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420072181

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 378

View: 2336

During the course of any sporting event, critical cognitive and physical tasks are performed within a dynamic, complex, collaborative system comprising multiple humans and artifacts, under pressurized, complex, and rapidly changing conditions. Highly skilled, well-trained individuals walk a fine line between task success and failure, with only slightly inadequate task execution leading to the latter. Promoting cross-disciplinary interaction between the human factors and sports science disciplines, Human Factors Methods and Sports Science: A Practical Guide provides practical guidance on a range of methods for describing, representing, and evaluating human, team, and system performance in sports domains. Traditionally, the application of human factors and ergonomics methods in sports has focused on the biomechanical, physiological, environmental, and equipment-related aspects of sports performance. However, various human factors methods, applied historically in the complex safety critical domains, are suited to describing and understanding sports performance. This book delineates the similarities in the concepts requiring investigation within sports and the more typical human factors domains. The book’s focus on cognitive and social human factors methods rather than mainly on the application of physiological ergonomics approaches sets it apart from other books in either field. It covers eight categories of human factor methods: data collection, task analysis, cognitive task analysis, human error identification, situation awareness measurement, workload measurement, team performance assessment, and interface evaluation methods. Constructed so that each chapter can be read non-linearly and independently from one another, the book provides an introduction and overview to each Human Factors topic area, and of each method discussed, along with practical guidance on how to apply them. It also includes detailed descriptions of the different methods, example applications, and theoretical rationale. This allows the concepts to be easily found and digested, and the appropriate method to be easily selected and applied.

Designing Instruction for Human Factors Training in Aviation

Author: Graham J. F. Hunt

Publisher: Gower Technical


Category: Transportation

Page: 312

View: 5463

Human factors is now universally recognized as a critical component in flights, air traffic, maintenance, engineering and organizational safety in aviation. There is therefore a mandated requirement by most regulatory authorities for human factors knowled

Human Factors Methods for Design

Making Systems Human-Centered

Author: Christopher P. Nemeth

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780203643662

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 416

View: 7307

There is no shortage of available human factors information, but until now there was no single guide on how to use this information. Human Factors Methods for Design: Making Systems Human-Centered is an in-depth field guide to solving human factors challenges in the development process. It provides design and human factors professionals, systems engineers, and research and development managers with the orientation, process, and methods to perform human-centered research. The book delivers an overview of human factors and the application of research to product and service development. It enables the reader to define a design opportunity, develop product goals, and establish criteria to meet those goals. The text offers a road map for collecting and analyzing human performance information, applying that information to the creation of solutions, and using the information to evaluate potential solutions. The book demonstrates, in three sections, a way to design products that extend, amplify, and enhance human capabilities. Human Factors Practice explains research context including the operational environment and internal and external influences. Human Factors Methods explains how to perform a wide variety of procedures for human-oriented research and development. Application demonstrates how to put the results to use.

Human Factors Methods

A Practical Guide for Engineering and Design

Author: Neville A. Stanton,Paul M. Salmon,Laura A. Rafferty,Guy H. Walker,Chris Baber,Daniel P. Jenkins

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1317120159

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 656

View: 6053

This second edition of Human Factors Methods: A Practical Guide for Engineering and Design now presents 107 design and evaluation methods as well as numerous refinements to those that featured in the original. The book has been carefully designed to act as an ergonomics methods manual, aiding both students and practitioners. The eleven sections represent the different categories of ergonomics methods and techniques that can be used in the evaluation and design process. Offering a 'how-to' text on a substantial range of ergonomics methods that can be used in the design and evaluation of products and systems, it is a comprehensive point of reference for all these methods. An overview of the methods is presented in chapter one, with a methods matrix showing which can be used in conjunction. The following chapters detail the methods showing how to apply them in practice. Flowcharts, procedures and examples cover the requirements of a diverse audience and varied applications of the methods. The final chapter, a new addition, illustrates the EAST method, which integrates several well-known methods into a teamwork analysis approach.

Guide to Methodology in Ergonomics

Designing for Human Use

Author: Neville A. Stanton,Mark S. Young

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0203484045

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 152

View: 7713

The evaluation and assessment of appropriate design approaches for usable human-machine interfaces is at the heart of ergonomics. A Guide to Methodology in Ergonomics arises from work, carried out by Neville Stanton for the EPSRC/Department of Transport, to compile and review a pool of methodologies currently used throughout the human factors world. The book describes this range of methodologies, and provides evidence of "real-world" validity and reliability. The costs and benefits for each are assessed, as are the usability and applicability. "A Guide to Methodology in Ergonomics" will be an invaluable resource for professional ergonomists, students at masters and post-graduate levels, and industry and business professionals undertaking in-house ergonomic evaluations.

A Guide to Usability

Human Factors in Computing

Author: Jenny Preece

Publisher: Addison-Wesley Longman Limited

ISBN: 9780201627688

Category: Computers

Page: 144

View: 441

This guide provides an account of the human factors in computing, illustrated with numerous examples. The book balances the technical and psychological issues in user-interface design.

A Guide To Task Analysis

The Task Analysis Working Group

Author: B Kirwan,L. K. Ainsworth

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0203221451

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 417

View: 3665

This work shows readers how to target task analysis TA resources effectively over the life cycle of a project from conceptual design Through To Systems Operation, Noting The Role Of TA In Safety And Quality assurance, minimizing operator error,

2001 National Guide to Educational Credit for Training Programs

Author: Jo Ann Robinson,Jacqueline E. Taylor

Publisher: Amer Council on Education

ISBN: 9781573564663

Category: Education

Page: 2090

View: 7590

Highlights over 6,000 educational programs offered by business, labor unions, schools, training suppliers, professional and voluntary associations, and government agencies.

Human Factors Methods and Accident Analysis

Practical Guidance and Case Study Applications

Author: Dr Guy H Walker,Dr Daniel P Jenkins,Dr Laura A Rafferty,Dr Michael G Lenné,Professor Neville A Stanton,Professor Paul M Salmon

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1409486850

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 216

View: 6791

Human Factors Methods and Accident Analysis is the first book to offer a practical guide for investigators, practitioners and researchers wishing to apply accident analysis methods. It is also unique in presenting a series of novel applications of accident analysis methods, including HF methods not previously used for these purposes (e.g. EAST, critical path analysis), as well as applications of methods in new domains.

Advances in Human Factors, Software, and Systems Engineering

Author: Ben Amaba,Brian Dalgetty

Publisher: AHFE Conference

ISBN: 1495120961


Page: 213

View: 4058

The discipline of Human Factors, Software, and Systems Engineering provides a platform for addressing challenges in in human factors, software and systems engineering that both pushes the boundaries of current research and responds to new challenges, fostering new research ideas. In this book researchers, professional software & systems engineers, human factors and human systems integration experts from around the world addressed societal challenges and next-generation systems and applications for meeting them. The books address topics from evolutionary and complex systems, human systems integration to smart grid and infrastructure, workforce training requirements, systems engineering education and even defense and aerospace. It is sure to be one of the most informative systems engineering events of the year. This book focuses on the advances in the Human Factors, Software, and Systems Engineering, which are a critical aspect in the design of any human-centered technological system. The ideas and practical solutions described in the book are the outcome of dedicated research by academics and practitioners aiming to advance theory and practice in this dynamic and all-encompassing discipline.

Human Factors in Land Use Planning and Urban Design

Methods, Practical Guidance, and Applications

Author: Nicholas J. Stevens,Paul M. Salmon,Guy H. Walker,Neville A. Stanton

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1317120248

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 375

View: 9606

This book furthers the role of human factors methods in land use planning and urban design that was recognised by Stevens and Salmon in 2014. At a simplistic level the issues found in both discipline areas are one and the same: the design of the environment brings about emergent behaviours that in some cases are not optimal. Such inquiries are often described as humans and systems not behaving as they were expected to; problems which impact overall system performance, and often issues that have been resistant to a range of an ongoing technical interventions. The same is true for many of the challenges in land use planning and design, including crime prevention and safe cities, the prioritisation of walkable and cycleable neighbourhoods, or the design and implementation of enduring, accessible and attractive public open space.

Handbook of Aviation Human Factors, Second Edition

Author: John A. Wise,V. David Hopkin,Daniel J. Garland

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420063578

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 704

View: 1025

A complete examination of issues and concepts relating to human factors in simulation, this book covers theory and application in space, ships, submarines, naval aviation, and commercial aviation. The authors examine issues of simulation and their effect on the validity and functionality of simulators as a training device. The chapters contain in depth discussions of these particular characteristics and issues. They also incorporate theories pertaining to the motivational aspects of training, simulation of social events, and PC based simulation.

Advances in Physical Ergonomics and Human Factors: Part I

Author: Tareq Ahram,Renliu Jang

Publisher: AHFE Conference

ISBN: 1495121046


Page: 416

View: 3613

The discipline of human factors and ergonomics (HF/E) is concerned with the design of products, process, services, and work systems to assure their productive, safe and satisfying use by people. Physical ergonomics involves the design of working environments to fit human physical abilities. By understanding the constraints and capabilities of the human body and mind, we can design products, services and environments that are effective, reliable, safe and comfortable for everyday use. This book focuses on the advances in the physical HF/E, which are a critical aspect in the design of any human-centered technological system. The ideas and practical solutions described in the book are the outcome of dedicated research by academics and practitioners aiming to advance theory and practice in this dynamic and all-encompassing discipline. A thorough understanding of the physical characteristics of a wide range of people is essential in the development of consumer products and systems. Human performance data serve as valuable information to designers and help ensure that the final products will fit the targeted population of end users. Mastering physical ergonomics and safety engineering concepts is fundamental to the creation of products and systems that people are able to use, avoidance of stresses, and minimization of the risk for accidents.

Advances in Human Factors and Ergonomics in Healthcare

Author: Vincent G. Duffy

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439834989

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 902

View: 8807

Based on recent research, this book discusses how to improve quality, safety, efficiency, and effectiveness in patient care through the application of human factors and ergonomics principles. It provides guidance for those involved with the design and application of systems and devices for effective and safe healthcare delivery from both a patient and staff perspective. Its huge range of chapters covers everything from the proper design of bed rails to the most efficient design of operating rooms, from the development of quality products to the rating of staff patient interaction. It considers ways to prevent elderly patient falls and ways to make best use of electronic health records. It covers staff intractions with patients as well as staff interaction with computers and medical devices. It also provides way to improve organizational aspects in a healthcare setting, and approaches to modeling and analysis specifically targeting those work aspects unique to healthcare. Explicitly, the book contains the following subject areas: I. Healthcare and Service Delivery II. Patient Safety III. Modeling and Analytical Approaches IV. Human-System Interface: Computers & Medical Devices V. Organizational Aspects This book would be of special value internationally to those researchers and practitioners involved in various aspects of healthcare delivery. Seven other titles in the Advances in Human Factors and Ergonomics Series are: Advances in Applied Digital Human Modeling Advances in Cross-Cultural Decision Making Advances in Cognitive Ergonomics Advances in Occupational, Social and Organizational Ergonomics Advances in Human Factors, Ergonomics and Safety in Manufacturing and Service Industries Advances in Ergonomics Modeling & Usability Evaluation Advances in Neuroergonomics and Human Factors of Special Populations