Author: Julia Koricheva,Jessica Gurevitch,Kerrie Mengersen
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Meta-analysis is a powerful statistical methodology for synthesizing research evidence across independent studies. This is the first comprehensive handbook of meta-analysis written specifically for ecologists and evolutionary biologists, and it provides an invaluable introduction for beginners as well as an up-to-date guide for experienced meta-analysts. The chapters, written by renowned experts, walk readers through every step of meta-analysis, from problem formulation to the presentation of the results. The handbook identifies both the advantages of using meta-analysis for research synthesis and the potential pitfalls and limitations of meta-analysis (including when it should not be used). Different approaches to carrying out a meta-analysis are described, and include moment and least-square, maximum likelihood, and Bayesian approaches, all illustrated using worked examples based on real biological datasets. This one-of-a-kind resource is uniquely tailored to the biological sciences, and will provide an invaluable text for practitioners from graduate students and senior scientists to policymakers in conservation and environmental management. Walks you through every step of carrying out a meta-analysis in ecology and evolutionary biology, from problem formulation to result presentation Brings together experts from a broad range of fields Shows how to avoid, minimize, or resolve pitfalls such as missing data, publication bias, varying data quality, nonindependence of observations, and phylogenetic dependencies among species Helps you choose the right software Draws on numerous examples based on real biological datasets
Contemporary theory and application
Author: Gordon A. Fox,Simoneta Negrete-Yankelevich,Vinicio J. Sosa
Publisher: OUP Oxford
The application and interpretation of statistics are central to ecological study and practice. Ecologists are now asking more sophisticated questions than in the past. These new questions, together with the continued growth of computing power and the availability of new software, have created a new generation of statistical techniques. These have resulted in major recent developments in both our understanding and practice of ecological statistics. This novel book synthesizes a number of these changes, addressing key approaches and issues that tend to be overlooked in other books such as missing/censored data, correlation structure of data, heterogeneous data, and complex causal relationships. These issues characterize a large proportion of ecological data, but most ecologists' training in traditional statistics simply does not provide them with adequate preparation to handle the associated challenges. Uniquely, Ecological Statistics highlights the underlying links among many statistical approaches that attempt to tackle these issues. In particular, it gives readers an introduction to approaches to inference, likelihoods, generalized linear (mixed) models, spatially or phylogenetically-structured data, and data synthesis, with a strong emphasis on conceptual understanding and subsequent application to data analysis. Written by a team of practicing ecologists, mathematical explanations have been kept to the minimum necessary. This user-friendly textbook will be suitable for graduate students, researchers, and practitioners in the fields of ecology, evolution, environmental studies, and computational biology who are interested in updating their statistical tool kits. A companion web site provides example data sets and commented code in the R language.
Author: N. Straumann
Author: Jennifer Vonk,Todd K. Shackelford
Publisher: OUP USA
This volume brings together leading experts in comparative and evolutionary psychology. Top scholars summarize the histories and possible futures of their disciplines, and the contribution of each to illuminating the evolutionary forces that give rise to unique abilities in distantly and closely related species.
Author: Stuart K. Allison,Stephen D. Murphy
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Ecological restoration is a rapidly evolving discipline that is engaged with developing both methodologies and strategies for repairing damaged and polluted ecosystems and environments. During the last decade the rapid pace of climate change coupled with continuing habitat destruction and the spread of non-native species to new habitats has forced restoration ecologists to re-evaluate their goals and the methods they use. This comprehensive handbook brings together an internationally respected group of established and rising experts in the field. The book begins with a description of current practices and the state of knowledge in particular areas of restoration, and then identifies new directions that will help the field achieve increasing levels of future success. Part I provides basic background about ecological and environmental restoration. Part II systematically reviews restoration in key ecosystem types located throughout the world. In Part III, management and policy issues are examined in detail, offering the first comprehensive treatment of policy relevance in the field, while Part IV looks to the future. Ultimately, good ecological restoration depends upon a combination of good science, policy, planning and outreach – all issues that are addressed in this unrivalled volume.
mit 33 Tabellen
Author: John R. Krebs,Nicholas B. Davies
Was schadet uns, was tut uns gut?
Author: Udo Rabast
Was kann man tun, um möglichst gesund möglichst lange zu leben? Diese Frage ist so alt wie die Menschheit und heute, im Zeitalter schier unbegrenzter medizinisch-technischer Möglichkeiten, aktueller denn je. Der Autor, renommierter Gastroenterologe und Ernährungsmediziner mit jahrzehntelanger klinisch-praktischer und wissenschaftlicher Erfahrung, greift in diesem Buch viele Fragen auf, mit denen man im Alltag oft konfrontiert wird. Ist Grillen schädlich? Sind Vitamine nützlich? Was ist dran am „Superfood“? Auf anregende Weise - stets mit einem Augenzwinkern und ohne erhobenen Zeigefinger - geht er auf diese und viele weitere Aspekte unseres heutigen Lebenswandels ein. Unsere Ernährung nimmt dabei einen großen Stellenwert ein, aber auch viele andere Lebensstilfragen spielen eine Rolle. Er stellt wissenschaftlich fundiert dar, was man sich von verschiedenen Trends und hartnäckigen Gerüchten erwarten darf. Der interessierte Leser findet hier zahlreiche Informationen und Anregungen, wie er auf sinnvolle Art und Weise eine gesunde Ernährung und gesunden Lebensstil in seinen Alltag einbauen kann. Das Buch erschien in erster Auflage unter dem Titel „Gesundheit, langes Leben und Ernährung“ beim Umschau Zeitschriftenverlag. Es wurde in der vorliegenden Fassung komplett überarbeitet, aktualisiert und um neue, aktuelle Themen erweitert. Es richtet sich an alle an gesunder Ernährung und gesundem Lebensstil interessierten Leser und ist darüber hinaus auch eine wertvolle Informationsquelle für im Ernährungsbereich tätige Berufsgruppen.
Metagenomics in Different Habitats
Author: Frans J. de Bruijn
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
The premiere two-volume reference on revelations from studying complex microbial communities in many distinct habitats Metagenomics is an emerging field that has changed the way microbiologists study microorganisms. It involves the genomic analysis of microorganisms by extraction and cloning of DNA from a group of microorganisms, or the direct use of the purified DNA or RNA for sequencing, which allows scientists to bypass the usual protocol of isolating and culturing individual microbial species. This method is now used in laboratories across the globe to study microorganism diversity and for isolating novel medical and industrial compounds. Handbook of Molecular Microbial Ecology is the first comprehensive two-volume reference to cover unculturable microorganisms in a large variety of habitats, which could not previously have been analyzed without metagenomic methodology. It features review articles as well as a large number of case studies, based largely on original publications and written by international experts. This second volume, Metagenomics in Different Habitats, covers such topics as: Viral genomes Metagenomics studies in a variety of habitats, including marine environments and lakes, soil, and human and animal digestive tracts Other habitats, including those involving microbiome diversity in human saliva and functional intestinal metagenomics; diversity of archaea in terrestrial hot springs; and microbial communities living at the surface of building stones Biodegradation Biocatalysts and natural products A special feature of this book is the highlighting of the databases and computer programs used in each study; they are listed along with their sites in order to facilitate the computer-assisted analysis of the vast amount of data generated by metagenomic studies. Such studies in a variety of habitats are described here, which present a large number of different system-dependent approaches in greatly differing habitats. Handbook of Molecular Microbial Ecology II is an invaluable reference for researchers in metagenomics, microbial ecology, microbiology, and environmental microbiology; those working on the Human Microbiome Project; microbial geneticists; and professionals in molecular microbiology and bioinformatics.
Author: Tomas Chamorro-Premuzic,Sophie von Stumm,Adrian Furnham
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
The Wiley-Blackwell Handbook of Individual Differences provides a comprehensive, up-to-date overview of recent research, current perspectives, practical applications, and likely future developments in individual differences. Brings together the work of the top global researchers within the area of individual differences, including Philip L. Ackerman, Ian J. Deary, Ed Diener, Robert Hogan, Deniz S. Ones and Dean Keith Simonton Covers methodological, theoretical and paradigm changes in the area of individual differences Individual chapters cover core areas of individual differences including personality and intelligence, biological causes of individual differences, and creativity and emotional intelligence
Author: Valerie Manusov,Miles L. Patterson
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
This Handbook provides an up-to-date discussion of the central issues in nonverbal communication and examines the research that informs these issues. Editors Valerie Manusov and Miles Patterson bring together preeminent scholars, from a range of disciplines, to reveal the strength of nonverbal behavior as an integral part of communication.
Störungen und Klärungen: Allgemeine Psychologie der Kommunikation
Author: Friedemann Schulz von Thun
Publisher: Rowohlt Verlag GmbH
Kommunikationspsychologie für alle – das Standardwerk Beruf, Beziehung, Alltag: Ständig müssen wir mit anderen kommunizieren. Und immer wieder entstehen dabei Probleme; selbst scheinbar einfache Situationen bergen Tücken. Oft gelingt es nicht, uns verständlich zu machen, geschweige denn, uns durchzusetzen. Und ebenso oft begreifen wir unser Gegenüber nicht. Gespräche werden zum Streit, ohne dass uns so recht klar ist, warum. Friedemann Schulz von Thun zeigt, welche Erkenntnisse die Kommunikationspsychologie bietet, damit wir persönlich und sachlich besser miteinander klarkommen. Miteinander reden 1 erklärt, wie zwischenmenschliche Kommunikation abläuft. Was sind die typischen Probleme? Und wie können wir sie beheben? Band 2 stellt die unterschiedlichen Kommunikationsstile vor, die Menschen haben. Wie gehen wir damit jeweils am besten um? Und wie können wir das Wissen um unseren eigenen Kommunikationsstil für unsere Persönlichkeitsentwicklung nutzen? Band 3 schließlich stellt das Modell des «Inneren Teams» vor. Die Erkenntnis dahinter: Wer sich selbst versteht, kommuniziert besser. Alles, was man wissen muss, um stimmig zu kommunizieren! «Wenn es um Kommunikation oder Rhetorik geht, kommt man um den Namen Schulz von Thun nicht herum.» Psychologie heute
Author: Fidel Toldr?
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Category: Technology & Engineering
Fermented meat products have been consumed for centuries in many different parts of the world and constitute one of the most important groups of food. Bacterial cultures are used in their manufacture to preserve the meat and confer particular textures and sensory attributes. Examples of fermented meats include salami, chorizo, pepperoni and saucisson. This fully revised and expanded reference book on meat fermentation presents all the principle fermented meat products and the processing technologies currently used in their manufacture. The 54 chapters of this substantial book are grouped into the following sections: Meat fermentation worldwide: overview, production and principles Raw materials Microbiology and starter cultures for meat fermentation Sensory attributes Product categories: general considerations Semidry-fermented sausages Dry-fermented sausages Other fermented meats and poultry Ripened meat products Biological and chemical safety of fermented meat products Processing sanitation and quality assurance There are five new chapters in the second edition that address the following topics: Smoking and new smoke flavourings; Probiotics; Methodologies for the study of the microbial ecology in fermented sausages; Low sodium in meat products; and Asian sausages. Handbook of Fermented Meat and Poultry, Second Edition provides readers with a full overview of meat fermentation, the role of microorganisms naturally present and/or added as starter cultures, safety aspects and an account of the main chemical, biochemical, physical and microbiological changes that occur in processing and how they affect final quality. Finally, readers will find the main types of worldwide fermented meat products, typically produced in different areas, with the description of their main characteristics.
wie Evolution die Wirtschaft antreibt
Author: Eric D. Beinhocker
Publisher: MI Wirtschaftsbuch
Author: David Gibson
Publisher: OUP Oxford
The field of plant population ecology has advanced considerably in the last decade since the first edition was published. In particular there have been substantial and ongoing advances in statistics and modelling applications in population ecology, as well as an explosion of new techniques reflecting the availability of new technologies (e.g. affordable and accurate Global Positioning Systems) and advances in molecular biology. This new edition has been updated and revised with more recent examples replacing older ones where appropriate. The book's trademark question-driven approach has been maintained and some important topics such as the metapopulation concept which are missing entirely from the current edition are now included throughout the text.
Author: Anne T. Heatherton,Vivian A. Walcott
Publisher: Nova Science Pub Incorporated
Category: Social Science
Social interaction is a dynamic, changing sequence of social actions between individuals (or groups) who modify their actions and reactions according to those of their interaction partner(s). In other words, they are events in which people attach meaning to a situation, interpret what others are meaning, and respond accordingly. Social interactions can be differentiated into: Accidental (also known as social contact) - not planned and likely not repeated. For example, asking a stranger for directions or shopkeeper for product availability. Repeated - not planned, bound to happen from time to time. For example, accidentally meeting a neighbour when walking on your street; Regular - not planned, but very common, likely to raise questions when missed. Meeting a doorman or a security guard every workday in your workplace, dining every day in the same restaurant, etc. Regulated - planned and regulated by customs or law, will definitely raise questions when missed. Interaction in a workplace (coming to work, staff meetings, playing a game, etc.), family, etc. In sociological hierarchy, social interaction is more advanced than behaviour, action, social behaviour, social action and social contact, and is in turn followed by more advanced concept of social relation. In other words, social interactions, which consist of social actions, form the basis for social relations. This handbook presents the latest international research in the field.
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
In the past fifty years, scholars of human development have been moving from studying change in humans within sharply defined periods, to seeing many more of these phenomenon as more profitably studied over time and in relation to other processes. The Handbook of Life-Span Development, Volume 2: Social and Emotional Development presents the study of human development conducted by the best scholars in the 21st century. Social workers, counselors and public health workers will receive coverage of the social and emotional aspects of human change across the lifespan.
Author: Karl William Kapp
Publisher: Mohr Siebeck
Category: Business & Economics
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