Author: Robert Radvanovsky,Jacob Brodsky
Publisher: CRC Press
This comprehensive handbook covers fundamental security concepts, methodologies, and relevant information pertaining to supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) and other industrial control systems used in utility and industrial facilities worldwide. A community-based effort, it collects differing expert perspectives, ideas, and attitudes regarding securing SCADA and control systems environments toward establishing a strategy that can be established and utilized. Including six new chapters, six revised chapters, and numerous additional figures, photos, and illustrations, the second edition serves as a primer or baseline guide for SCADA and industrial control systems security. The book is divided into five focused sections addressing topics in Social implications and impacts Governance and management Architecture and modeling Commissioning and operations The future of SCADA and control systems security The book also includes four case studies of well-known public cyber security-related incidents. The Handbook of SCADA/Control Systems, Second Edition provides an updated and expanded source of essential concepts and information that are globally applicable to securing control systems within critical infrastructure protection programs. It presents best practices as well as methods for securing a business environment at the strategic, tactical, and operational levels.
SCADA, DCS, PLC, HMI, and SIS
Author: Tyson Macaulay,Bryan L. Singer
Publisher: CRC Press
Category: Business & Economics
As industrial control systems (ICS), including SCADA, DCS, and other process control networks, become Internet-facing, they expose crucial services to attack. Threats like Duqu, a sophisticated worm found in the wild that appeared to share portions of its code with the Stuxnet worm, emerge with increasing frequency. Explaining how to develop and implement an effective cybersecurity program for ICS, Cybersecurity for Industrial Control Systems: SCADA, DCS, PLC, HMI, and SIS provides you with the tools to ensure network security without sacrificing the efficiency and functionality of ICS. Highlighting the key issues that need to be addressed, the book begins with a thorough introduction to ICS. It discusses business, cost, competitive, and regulatory drivers and the conflicting priorities of convergence. Next, it explains why security requirements differ from IT to ICS. It differentiates when standard IT security solutions can be used and where SCADA-specific practices are required. The book examines the plethora of potential threats to ICS, including hi-jacking malware, botnets, spam engines, and porn dialers. It outlines the range of vulnerabilities inherent in the ICS quest for efficiency and functionality that necessitates risk behavior such as remote access and control of critical equipment. Reviewing risk assessment techniques and the evolving risk assessment process, the text concludes by examining what is on the horizon for ICS security, including IPv6, ICSv6 test lab designs, and IPv6 and ICS sensors.
Author: Joseph Weiss
Publisher: Momentum Press
Aimed at both the novice and expert in IT security and industrial control systems (ICS), this book will help readers gain a better understanding of protecting ICSs from electronic threats. Cyber security is getting much more attention and SCADA security (Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition) is a particularly important part of this field, as are Distributed Control Systems (DCS), Programmable Logic Controllers (PLCs), Remote Terminal Units (RTUs), Intelligent Electronic Devices (IEDs)-and all the other, field controllers, sensors, and drives, emission controls, and that make up the intelligence of modern industrial buildings and facilities. This book will help the reader better understand what is industrial control system cyber security, why is it different than IT security, what has really happened to date, and what needs to be done. Loads of practical advice is offered on everything from clarity on current cyber-security systems and how they can be integrated into general IT systems, to how to conduct risk assessments and how to obtain certifications, to future trends in legislative and regulatory issues affecting industrial security.
Securing Critical Infrastructure Networks for Smart Grid, SCADA, and Other Industrial Control Systems
Author: Eric D. Knapp,Joel Thomas Langill
As the sophistication of cyber-attacks increases, understanding how to defend critical infrastructure systems—energy production, water, gas, and other vital systems—becomes more important, and heavily mandated. Industrial Network Security, Second Edition arms you with the knowledge you need to understand the vulnerabilities of these distributed supervisory and control systems. The book examines the unique protocols and applications that are the foundation of industrial control systems, and provides clear guidelines for their protection. This how-to guide gives you thorough understanding of the unique challenges facing critical infrastructures, new guidelines and security measures for critical infrastructure protection, knowledge of new and evolving security tools, and pointers on SCADA protocols and security implementation. All-new real-world examples of attacks against control systems, and more diagrams of systems Expanded coverage of protocols such as 61850, Ethernet/IP, CIP, ISA-99, and the evolution to IEC62443 Expanded coverage of Smart Grid security New coverage of signature-based detection, exploit-based vs. vulnerability-based detection, and signature reverse engineering
A Comprehensive Handbook On Protecting The Critical Infrastructure
Author: Jack Wiles,Ted Claypoole,Phil Drake,Paul A. Henry,Lester J. Johnson,Sean Lowther,Greg Miles,Marc Weber Tobias,James H. Windle
Around the world, SCADA (supervisory control and data acquisition) systems and other real-time process control networks run mission-critical infrastructure--everything from the power grid to water treatment, chemical manufacturing to transportation. These networks are at increasing risk due to the move from proprietary systems to more standard platforms and protocols and the interconnection to other networks. Because there has been limited attention paid to security, these systems are seen as largely unsecured and very vulnerable to attack. This book addresses currently undocumented security issues affecting SCADA systems and overall critical infrastructure protection. The respective co-authors are among the leading experts in the world capable of addressing these related-but-independent concerns of SCADA security. Headline-making threats and countermeasures like malware, sidejacking, biometric applications, emergency communications, security awareness llanning, personnel & workplace preparedness and bomb threat planning will be addressed in detail in this one of a kind book-of-books dealing with the threats to critical infrastructure protection. They collectivly have over a century of expertise in their respective fields of infrastructure protection. Included among the contributing authors are Paul Henry, VP of Technology Evangelism, Secure Computing, Chet Hosmer, CEO and Chief Scientist at Wetstone Technologies, Phil Drake, Telecommunications Director, The Charlotte Observer, Patrice Bourgeois, Tenable Network Security, Sean Lowther, President, Stealth Awareness and Jim Windle, Bomb Squad Commander, CMPD. * Internationally known experts provide a detailed discussion of the complexities of SCADA security and its impact on critical infrastructure * Highly technical chapters on the latest vulnerabilities to SCADA and critical infrastructure and countermeasures * Bonus chapters on security awareness training, bomb threat planning, emergency communications, employee safety and much more * Companion Website featuring video interviews with subject matter experts offer a "sit-down" with the leaders in the field
Author: Clint Bodungen,Bryan Singer,Aaron Shbeeb,Kyle Wilhoit,Stephen Hilt
Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional
Learn to defend crucial ICS/SCADA infrastructure from devastating attacks the tried-and-true Hacking Exposed way This practical guide reveals the powerful weapons and devious methods cyber-terrorists use to compromise the devices, applications, and systems vital to oil and gas pipelines, electrical grids, and nuclear refineries. Written in the battle-tested Hacking Exposed style, the book arms you with the skills and tools necessary to defend against attacks that are debilitating—and potentially deadly. Hacking Exposed Industrial Control Systems: ICS and SCADA Security Secrets & Solutions explains vulnerabilities and attack vectors specific to ICS/SCADA protocols, applications, hardware, servers, and workstations. You will learn how hackers and malware, such as the infamous Stuxnet worm, can exploit them and disrupt critical processes, compromise safety, and bring production to a halt. The authors fully explain defense strategies and offer ready-to-deploy countermeasures. Each chapter features a real-world case study as well as notes, tips, and cautions. Features examples, code samples, and screenshots of ICS/SCADA-specific attacks Offers step-by-step vulnerability assessment and penetration test instruction Written by a team of ICS/SCADA security experts and edited by Hacking Exposed veteran Joel Scambray
Approaches for Threat Protection
Author: Laing, Christopher
Publisher: IGI Global
The increased use of technology is necessary in order for industrial control systems to maintain and monitor industrial, infrastructural, or environmental processes. The need to secure and identify threats to the system is equally critical. Securing Critical Infrastructures and Critical Control Systems: Approaches for Threat Protection provides a full and detailed understanding of the vulnerabilities and security threats that exist within an industrial control system. This collection of research defines and analyzes the technical, procedural, and managerial responses to securing these systems.
Author: Daniel Anthony
Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
This comprehensive handbook covers fundamental security concepts, methodologies, and relevant information pertaining to supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) and other industrial control systems used in utility and industrial facilities worldwide. A community-based effort, it collects differing expert perspectives, ideas, and attitudes regarding securing SCADA and control systems environments toward establishing a strategy that can be established and utilized.
Author: Edward J. M. Colbert,Alexander Kott
This book provides a comprehensive overview of the fundamental security of Industrial Control Systems (ICSs), including Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) systems and touching on cyber-physical systems in general. Careful attention is given to providing the reader with clear and comprehensive background and reference material for each topic pertinent to ICS security. This book offers answers to such questions as: Which specific operating and security issues may lead to a loss of efficiency and operation? What methods can be used to monitor and protect my system? How can I design my system to reduce threats?This book offers chapters on ICS cyber threats, attacks, metrics, risk, situational awareness, intrusion detection, and security testing, providing an advantageous reference set for current system owners who wish to securely configure and operate their ICSs. This book is appropriate for non-specialists as well. Tutorial information is provided in two initial chapters and in the beginnings of other chapters as needed. The book concludes with advanced topics on ICS governance, responses to attacks on ICS, and future security of the Internet of Things.
Author: Peter Stavroulakis,Mark Stamp
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Category: Technology & Engineering
At its core, information security deals with the secure and accurate transfer of information. While information security has long been important, it was, perhaps, brought more clearly into mainstream focus with the so-called “Y2K” issue. Te Y2K scare was the fear that c- puter networks and the systems that are controlled or operated by sofware would fail with the turn of the millennium, since their clocks could lose synchronization by not recognizing a number (instruction) with three zeros. A positive outcome of this scare was the creation of several Computer Emergency Response Teams (CERTs) around the world that now work - operatively to exchange expertise and information, and to coordinate in case major problems should arise in the modern IT environment. Te terrorist attacks of 11 September 2001 raised security concerns to a new level. Te - ternational community responded on at least two fronts; one front being the transfer of reliable information via secure networks and the other being the collection of information about - tential terrorists. As a sign of this new emphasis on security, since 2001, all major academic publishers have started technical journals focused on security, and every major communi- tions conference (for example, Globecom and ICC) has organized workshops and sessions on security issues. In addition, the IEEE has created a technical committee on Communication and Information Security. Te ?rst editor was intimately involved with security for the Athens Olympic Games of 2004.
What's Broken and How to Fix It
Author: Andrew Ginter
Publisher: Scada Security - What's Broken and How to Fix It
Modern attacks routinely breach SCADA networks that are defended to IT standards. This is unacceptable. Defense in depth has failed us. In "SCADA Security" Ginter describes this failure and describes an alternative. Strong SCADA security is possible, practical, and cheaper than failed, IT-centric, defense-in-depth. While nothing can be completely secure, we decide how high to set the bar for our attackers. For important SCADA systems, effective attacks should always be ruinously expensive and difficult. We can and should defend our SCADA systems so thoroughly that even our most resourceful enemies tear their hair out and curse the names of our SCADA systems' designers.
A Practical Approach
Author: Stuart G McCrady
Automation systems, often referred to as SCADA systems, involve programming at several levels; these systems include computer type field controllers that monitor and control plant equipment such as conveyor systems, pumps, and user workstations that allow the user to monitor and control the equipment through color graphic displays. All of the components of these systems are integrated through a network, such as Ethernet for fast communications. This book provides a practical guide to developing the application software for all aspects of the automation system, from the field controllers to the user interface workstations. The focus of the book is to not only provide practical methods for designing and developing the software, but also to develop a complete set of software documentation. Providing tested examples and proceducres, this book will be indespensible to all engineers managing automation systems. Clear instructions with real-world examples Guidance on how to design and develop well-structured application programs Identification of software documentation requirements and organization of point names with logical naming system Guidance on best practice of standardized programming methods for SCADA systems
Homeland Security and Emergency Preparedness, Third Edition
Author: Robert S. Radvanovsky,Allan McDougall
Publisher: CRC Press
Category: Social Science
Since the initial inception of this book, there have been significant strides to safeguard the operations of our world’s infrastructures. In recent years, there has also been a shift to more fluid postures associated with resilience and the establishment of redundant infrastructure. In keeping with the fast-changing nature of this field, Critical Infrastructure: Homeland Security and Emergency Preparedness, Third Edition has been revised and updated to reflect this shift in focus and to incorporate the latest developments. The book begins with the historical background of critical infrastructure and why it is important to society. It then explores the current trend in understanding the infrastructure’s sensitivity to impacts that flow through its networked environment. Embracing an "all-hazards approach" to homeland security, critical infrastructure protection and assurance, and emergency management, the authors examine: The National Response Framework (NRF) and how it can be applied globally The relationships between the public and private sectors, and the growing concept of public-private partnerships The shift from the need-to-know paradigm to one based on information sharing, and the nature of necessary controls as this shift continues The need for organizations to adopt resilient planning, implementation, and decision-making processes in order to respond to changes within the threat environment What, where, why, and how risk assessments are to be performed, and why they are needed The impact of new regulation, individually applied self-regulation, industry and government regulation, and law enforcement In the final chapters, the book discusses current information sharing and analysis centers (ISACs), distributed control systems, and supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) systems and their challenges. It concludes by exploring current challenges associated with establishing a trusted network across various sectors—demonstrating how models of information can be categorized and communicated within trusted communities to better assure the public-private relationship.
Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition
Author: Stuart A. Boyer
Assessment, Prevention, Detection, Response
Author: Francesco Flammini
Publisher: WIT Press
This book provides a comprehensive survey of state-of-the-art techniques for the security of critical infrastructures, addressing both logical and physical aspects from an engineering point of view. Recently developed methodologies and tools for CI analysis as well as strategies and technologies for CI protection are investigated in the following strongly interrelated and multidisciplinary main fields: - Vulnerability analysis and risk assessment - Threat prevention, detection and response - Emergency planning and management Each of the aforementioned topics is addressed considering both theoretical aspects and practical applications. Emphasis is given to model-based holistic evaluation approaches as well as to emerging protection technologies, including smart surveillance through networks of intelligent sensing devices. Critical Infrastructure Security can be used as a self-contained reference handbook for both practitioners and researchers or even as a textbook for master/doctoral degree students in engineering or related disciplines.More specifically, the topic coverage of the book includes: - Historical background on threats to critical infrastructures - Model-based risk evaluation and management approaches - Security surveys and game-theoretic vulnerability assessment - Federated simulation for interdependency analysis - Security operator training and emergency preparedness - Intelligent multimedia (audio-video) surveillance - Terahertz body scanners for weapon and explosive detection - Security system design (intrusion detection / access control) - Dependability and resilience of computer networks (SCADA / cyber-security) - Wireless smart-sensor networks and structural health monitoring - Information systems for crisis response and emergency management - Early warning, situation awareness and decision support software
Author: Cruz-Cunha, Maria Manuela
Publisher: IGI Global
In our hyper-connected digital world, cybercrime prevails as a major threat to online security and safety. New developments in digital forensics tools and an understanding of current criminal activities can greatly assist in minimizing attacks on individuals, organizations, and society as a whole. The Handbook of Research on Digital Crime, Cyberspace Security, and Information Assurance combines the most recent developments in data protection and information communication technology (ICT) law with research surrounding current criminal behaviors in the digital sphere. Bridging research and practical application, this comprehensive reference source is ideally designed for use by investigators, computer forensics practitioners, and experts in ICT law, as well as academicians in the fields of information security and criminal science.
Author: Albert Y. Zomaya,Sherif Sakr
This handbook offers comprehensive coverage of recent advancements in Big Data technologies and related paradigms. Chapters are authored by international leading experts in the field, and have been reviewed and revised for maximum reader value. The volume consists of twenty-five chapters organized into four main parts. Part one covers the fundamental concepts of Big Data technologies including data curation mechanisms, data models, storage models, programming models and programming platforms. It also dives into the details of implementing Big SQL query engines and big stream processing systems. Part Two focuses on the semantic aspects of Big Data management including data integration and exploratory ad hoc analysis in addition to structured querying and pattern matching techniques. Part Three presents a comprehensive overview of large scale graph processing. It covers the most recent research in large scale graph processing platforms, introducing several scalable graph querying and mining mechanisms in domains such as social networks. Part Four details novel applications that have been made possible by the rapid emergence of Big Data technologies such as Internet-of-Things (IOT), Cognitive Computing and SCADA Systems. All parts of the book discuss open research problems, including potential opportunities, that have arisen from the rapid progress of Big Data technologies and the associated increasing requirements of application domains. Designed for researchers, IT professionals and graduate students, this book is a timely contribution to the growing Big Data field. Big Data has been recognized as one of leading emerging technologies that will have a major contribution and impact on the various fields of science and varies aspect of the human society over the coming decades. Therefore, the content in this book will be an essential tool to help readers understand the development and future of the field.
Author: Eoghan Casey
Publisher: Academic Press
Handbook of Digital Forensics and Investigation builds on the success of the Handbook of Computer Crime Investigation, bringing together renowned experts in all areas of digital forensics and investigation to provide the consummate resource for practitioners in the field. It is also designed as an accompanying text to Digital Evidence and Computer Crime. This unique collection details how to conduct digital investigations in both criminal and civil contexts, and how to locate and utilize digital evidence on computers, networks, and embedded systems. Specifically, the Investigative Methodology section of the Handbook provides expert guidance in the three main areas of practice: Forensic Analysis, Electronic Discovery, and Intrusion Investigation. The Technology section is extended and updated to reflect the state of the art in each area of specialization. The main areas of focus in the Technology section are forensic analysis of Windows, Unix, Macintosh, and embedded systems (including cellular telephones and other mobile devices), and investigations involving networks (including enterprise environments and mobile telecommunications technology). This handbook is an essential technical reference and on-the-job guide that IT professionals, forensic practitioners, law enforcement, and attorneys will rely on when confronted with computer related crime and digital evidence of any kind. *Provides methodologies proven in practice for conducting digital investigations of all kinds *Demonstrates how to locate and interpret a wide variety of digital evidence, and how it can be useful in investigations *Presents tools in the context of the investigative process, including EnCase, FTK, ProDiscover, foremost, XACT, Network Miner, Splunk, flow-tools, and many other specialized utilities and analysis platforms *Case examples in every chapter give readers a practical understanding of the technical, logistical, and legal challenges that arise in real investigations
Design and Implementation
Author: B.R. Mehta,Y. Jaganmohan Reddy
Category: Technology & Engineering
Industrial Process Automation Systems: Design and Implementation is a clear guide to the practicalities of modern industrial automation systems. Bridging the gap between theory and technician-level coverage, it offers a pragmatic approach to the subject based on industrial experience, taking in the latest technologies and professional practices. Its comprehensive coverage of concepts and applications provides engineers with the knowledge they need before referring to vendor documentation, while clear guidelines for implementing process control options and worked examples of deployments translate theory into practice with ease. This book is an ideal introduction to the subject for junior level professionals as well as being an essential reference for more experienced practitioners. Provides knowledge of the different systems available and their applications, enabling engineers to design automation solutions to solve real industry problems. Includes case studies and practical information on key items that need to be considered when procuring automation systems. Written by an experienced practitioner from a leading technology company